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The Willers Family 

Cornell University Library 
PC 2640.F59 1853 

New and complete French and English, and 

3 1924 027 234 164 

Cornell University 

The original of this bool< is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 





































ETC., ETC., 



Member of the American Fhiloiopbical Society, of the Acidemy of Natural Sciences of Fhiladelpbij, &c„ fee. 





\ 8^ 

A f^ff^^ 

Entered, according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1843, 


in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, 



The appearance of a new edition of the dictionary of the French Academy, in 1835, 
suggested to the celebrated publisher Didot, of Paris, the idea of issuing an improved 
edition of the well known dictionary of Chambaud. Professor Fleming, formerly Professor 
of English in the College Louis le Grand, and Professor Tibbins, author of several lexico- 
graphical works, to whom the dictionary was entrusted, found it necessary, however, to 
make so many additions, that the publishers thought a new title ought in justice to the 
editors to be adopted. 

It may be sufficient to say, in presenting the present dictionary to the public, that it 
is based on the New Royal Dictionary of Professors Fleming and Tibbins, which is 
allowed, by all competent authorities, to be the most copious and comprehensive that has 
ever appeared. 

The student and reader of French must be constantly impressed with the inadequacy of 
the dictionaries accessible to him as representatives of the present state of the language; 
and with the omission of numerous words that are at this time in constant use ; many of 
which have been introduced in very modern periods. In the dictionary of Professors 
Fleming and Tibbins these omissions are supplied ; and it has been the anxious endea- 
vour of the American editor to add such terms in Natural History, Medicine, Chemistry, 
&c., as had not been introduced by those learned gentlemen. To these terms an asterisk 
(*) has been prefixed ; and in general the particular science to which they belong has 
been designated. 

The tables of the verbs by Mr. Picot have been added, as being calculated to facilitate 
the study of this difficult part of the French language. In these tables — it will be seen — 
the verbs are numbered, and so arranged as to show, at a glance, the formation of the 
various tenses — simple and compound ; the irregularities ; and modes of conjugation — 
affirmatively, negatively, and interrogatively. To the different verbs, as they occur in 
the body of the dictionary, a number is affixed referring to the tables; and as their pro- 
nunciation is distinctly indicated, the work may be considered as affording a complete and 
ready means of ascertaining the modes of conjugation, and the pronunciation of the verbs 
of the French language in all their forms — a desideratum not to be found in any other 
publication of the same nature. 

Philadelphia, November, 1843. 


THE Table of simple sounds. 

bir.batbdBe, antique: thJre, 4bb,ov^r, j^une, mSute, b6urre, Wn: field, fig, vin: rftbe, r5b, Wrd, 
mood, hfiod, v8s, mon : bfise, bilt, brun. 

A Table of the simple sounds, to which all 
the French vowels and diphthortgs pre 
referred, by the figures over the tetters in 
the Dictionary. 

French sounds. 

English sounds 

•A, ■ 1 

Jjmg in baa, , , 


P- ?•■;,: 

Short in bal, , 



Close in 'cote, ' 


p. 6.^ 

E,^ .< 

Op^n grave in apres 


p. 6. 


C^en acute in trompetfc 

, 4bb. 

Outturdlin refas, '- 


p. 7. 

'- 1 

Long in gite. 


p. 8. 

Short in ami, 


■ '■■ '( 

Long-open in troiie. 


p. 8. 

0, < 

Short in noble. 



. Long-hrpad in aiirore 


Open-short in v&Si 


£on^ in Toule, 


p. 8. 

Short in boule 



Long in bftse. 


p. 8. 

Short in but. 

1 _Long-clf>sein i&tae. 

p. 8. 

EU, < 

Short in mhnte. " ' 


'.Long-hroqd in bfeurre. 

p. 7. 

AN or 

' Long in antique. . 

p. 6. 

^ EN, 

Short-slender inliin. 


Long in vin. 

p. 8.. 


Long in mon. 

p. 8. 

■ UN, 

Long in brun. 

p. 9. 

A Table of the consonants which, in the 
similar spelling, must be constantly arti- 
culated as follows. 

b, as in 
d, as in 

f, as in 

g, as in 
g, as in 
g-n, as in 
gn, as in 

bag, rob. 
done, nod. 
fig, roof, 
go, bag. 
poignant. , 

h. See page 9. 
k, as c in corn, music. 
k, as c in card.* 
1, as in lad, eel. 

I, as gl in seraglio, 
m, as in man, am. 

n, as m 

not, can. 

n, denotes 

a nasal sound 

p, as in 

put, up. 

r, as in 

robe, or. 

s, as in 

safe, yes. 

sh, as in 

shore; ash. 

t, as m 

table, bit. 

V, as in 

vine, love. 

w, as m 


y, as in , 

yes. , ■ . , 

z, as in 

zone, size. 

z, as in 


* The ff and k in italic type denote that, between 
them and the following vowel, a sound like e or ^ is 
interposed, the better to unite the letters, and soften a 
little their hard articulation. This softened articula- 
tion of the hard c and k, and g; is noticed in Steele's 
Gram., p. 49; reproved in Ware's Orth., p. 28, as "a 
monster of pronunciation only heard on the English 
stage." It is given as polite pronunciation by Mr. 
Walker, who, in his Pronouncing Dictionary, p. 13 and 
2], directs us to pronounce card, guard, kind, etc., as if 
spelt ke-kard, gke-ard, or gyard, hyind, etc. This inter- 
mediate sound is very obvious in cue and argue, which 
are not pronounced kou and argou, but as if a kor g 
were articulated before the pronoun yau, so that kyou 
and argyou offer the same sounds as cue and argue. 

The sound of this y between the & or ^ and the diph- 
thong ou, is precisely that which the French interpose 
between them and their u, as in cure, Ugume, and 
which they frequently express by an a after q, or before 
their e and le as in manque, quete, vainqueur. guette, 

Directions for using" the similar sounds and 
' ,' I articulations. 

1. The figures over Hie vowels murk tnevr respec- 
tive sounds. To have tfiem perfect they must be 
stripped of their attending consojuinis,vritnout losing 
any part of Oieir peculiar sounds. 

2. Two Voioels in the same syllable are to he pro- 
nounced t^ether,' and the first shorter tlian the second. 
Thus in pi^-td^, /Ae similar , sounds for piete. the 1 
must be united with k^ precisely as, in the word osier, 
(hp i is united with er. _ : 

3. 1 marked with the figure 1, is equivalent to ie in 

4.' 00 in the same syllable have a single figure, to 
show that they express a single sound, its tn,mdpd or 
h6od. 1 , ,i 

6. In nouns of the singular number, the final vtnoel 
marked 2, undergoes the same change in the plural ; 
thus k-rai, tra-z6r, similar souniis of a-mi, tresor, 
become in the plural k'tnl, tri.-z6x. . 

6. The standards that have a u, or ann in italic 
type, are peculiar to the French language. Look 
to t/^m as directed in the foregoing table. 

7. When u Aas, no figure, it makes, with the vowel e, 
one of the sounds 'of the diphthong eu in jSatte, 
m^ute, bSurre. ^ 

8. The three nasal sounds that have no figure never 

9. An a^ective or participle, whose feminine is 
not noticed in ike similar puling, is pronounced in 
the same manner for both genders, except the sound 
of'k, which is somewhat longer for the feminine. 

10. The syllables, are divided as they are heard in 
eohversaiion.,'and not as they are counted in poetry. 


VeiUeri vfi-Z^. Tlie figure 2 above the e refers to 
the e in ebb ; ilie figure 3 above the a refers to the a 
in base ; and the 1 in italic refers to the articuhxiion 
of gl in the word seraglfo. In the locution veiller a 
sa conduite, wAere er is followed by a vowel, its 
figured pronunciation would be \&-\&t. See page 
7, col. 2, termination er. 

Courtisan, e, k6or-tl-zan, zan. The figure 5 
above the o refers to oo in hood, Vie figure 2 above 
the i refers to i in Gg; the figure 4 above the first 
tkxi vefers to the first sj^Z^Zeo/" antique; ihe'figure 
2_above the secojid zaa {which represents the feminine 
termination of the substantive courtisan, and is sepa- 
rated from the masculine by a comma), refers to a in 
bat ; then to be articulated as in the word man. 

Poignard, pwa-gnar. The figure 2 above the a, 
in both syllabled, refers to a in bat; the gn without a 
hyphen, refers to gn in the word poignant. 

Baguenaude, b^g-ndd. The figure 2 above the a 
refers to the a in bat; the figure 1 above the o refers 
to the o in robe; the g separated from the n by a 
hyphen refers to the gn in the word magnificent. 

Guerre, ghr. The figure 1 above the e refers to the 
e in there ; and the g in italic refem to the g in the 
word guard, as pronounced by Walker. See note 
immediately below the table of the consonants. 

Jour, z6oT. The figure 4 above the first o refers to 
the 00 in mood ; the z in italic refers to the z as pro* 
nounced in the word azure. 

guide, riffueur, etc., wherein these letters are less hard 
than in corps, garde, though harder than in cet, citi 
g6ne, gite. 





A has two sounds. It is long in has, and short in 
btU. The English have the first sound in bar, and 
the second in bat. 

It is long in the alphabet, but short when it is a 
verb or preposition: il ti, he has; i^, to. 

It is short in the beginning 0f a word, except in 
acre, age, Bjfres, agnus, ame, one, apre, arrhes, as, 
and in their derivatives, acreli, agi, etc. 

It is short at the end of words, papS,, aimS., ehanid. 
In those taken from foreign languages, it is some- 
thing between long and short, as in sofa, agenda, etc. 

Abe is long only in astrolabe and crabe.* 

Able is long in most verbs and substantives.t 
except table and irable, wherein it is short, as in all 
adjectives, according to M. D'Olivet; and doubtful, 
according to M. Feraud. Custom seems • to be in 
favour of the latter.^ 

Abre is long, even before a masculine? termi- 
nation: sabre, sctbrer, etc. 

Ac. General rules : All final syllables are short, 
when followed by any consonant except s, z, or x ; 
sac, nectar, sSl, pot, uf, etc. 

AH masculine syllables, long or short in the sin- 
gular number, are always long 'in the plural: des 
sacs, des sels, des pots, etc. 

All masculine nouns that end their singular num- 
ber with s, z, oix, are long : le temps, le nezilavdis, etc. 

Ace is long only in^race, espace, dUace, lace, en- 
trelace. , 

Acbe is long only m lachctaclie (a iSsk), gSche, 
rdacke, mSche,fdche, and in the verbs derived from 
them, even before a masculine syllable : lacker, 
reldchons, etc. 

Acle is long only in rScfe, il dibacle ; doubtful in 
all others. 

Acre is long only in acre (sharp, sour). 

Ade is always snort : a-ubtide,fiide, etc. 

Adre is short only in ISdre, long in all other words, 
even before a ihasculine syllable : cadre, cadrer, etc. 

* These rules chiefly relate to final syllables, the 
sound of which is more easily distinguished. 

t Mr. Tardy thinlts the termination in most of 
the verbs and substantives' which end in able is 
long: still, the a in the French termination able 
being shorter than the a of the English word bat to 
which it refers; we have adopted the opinion which 
pronounces it doubtful; and as we have suppressed 
all doubtful sounds, as being very puzzling to the 
English student, we have always referred that ter- 
mination to bat, in which the a 'has nearly the same 
sound as in able. 

I A doubtful vowel is long when its word ends a 
sentence; in other cases it is generally short. 

$ A syllable is termed feminine when it ends with 
an e mute, \]ke sohTe,'aimes, parlent. All other ter- 
minations are masculine. 

Afe, aphe, are always short: carSfe, ipit&phe, elo 

Affres, ajTe, are long only in affres and 6s/re. 

Ajle is long even before a masculine syllable ■ 
rdjle, rajler, etc. 

Age is long only in age. 

Agne is long only in gagne, and all the tenses of 
the verb gagner. 

Ague is always short : bUgue, d&gue, etc. 

Ai, a false diphthong, which admits of the three 
sounds of the mascuhne e, has the sound of the 
close d only sdis, tu sdis, bdi; of the open 
acute e in the tpi^dle, and at the end of words, ex 
cept in essai, delai;vrai, wherein it is doubtful, ac- 
cording to some ; long and open, according toothers; 
and of the open grave i, when followed by e, s, rs, 
is, re, and when it has the circumflex accent ; plaiQ, 
jamais, pairs, portraits, /aire, faite, etc. 

Aie is always long. General rules : All vowelS' 
irrimediately followed by an emute are long: plaie, 
,pensce,jme, etc. Except when there is a liquid arti- 
culation, as in pdye. But many authors change the' 
y into i, and write poae, in which case there is no 
occasion for this exception.. 

When a vowel meets any other vowel but the 
mute e, it becomes short : i, for instance, is long in 
je Vie, ani^htytt in nous lions. 

Aigne is always short: cbaldtgne, didatgrie, etc. 

Aigre is always short : a^re, mxUgre, etc. 

Ai2 is always short: General ri!ile : All final syl- 
lables are short that end with a liquid I, eventail, 
solMl, seuil, etc. 

Aille is short in mid&ille, je travSille, ditSiUe, 
imMlk,'btiiUe (I give), and in all the tenses of these 
verbs. It is long in all other words, even before a 
masculine syllable : rdille, raillons, etc. 

AiUet, aillir, are always short; pS.iUet,j<iillir, etc. 

Ailloii is short only in mdd&illon and bai&illon ,- 
and in these verbs, nous dit&illons, imdillons, Ira- 
v&illons; btiiUons (we give) ; but long in nous b&il- 
Ions (we yawn), and in all other words. ■ 

Aim, ain, im, in. General rule : All nasal termi- 
nations, followed by a consonant which begins 
another syllable, are long: jdm-be, men^tor, bom-be, 
crdin-dre, etc. 

But whenthe m or n of the nasal terminations is 
doubled; there is no nasal sound, and the vowel is 
short: dpigr&m-me, person-ne, etc. 

An exact standard for this nasal sound is not to be 
found in the English pronunciation, though some- 
thing like it is heard m the word hang. With re- 
gard, however, to this and other nasal sounds, as 
on, un, Mr. Walker very properly observes, that," If, 
in pronouncing them, the tongue should once touch 
the roof of the mouth (as it happens in pronouncing 
man, men, sin, son, sun), the French nasal sotlnd 
would be- ruined." ' ' 

The French standard for this is in, in Dm. 

Aime, the on'y word that has this termination, is 



Aine is long only in hame, chame, gatne, traine, 
and in their derivatives. 

Air is doubtful in the singular, and long in the 
plural : iclairs, etc. 

Aire, ais, aix, aise, aisse, are always long; palre, 
palms, etc. 

Ait, aite, are long only in plaH, nail, repa\t,faUe 

J15(re is always long: mSSirc, ete. 

Ale is long only in hale, pale, un male,rdle, and in 
their derivatives, liSler, paleur, etc. 

Alle is always short : miUle, etc. 

Am, an, em, en. This nasal vowel has four 
sounds ; it is always long when spelt with an a, 
except in compiant (ready money).* 

When it is spelt with an e, it is long in the begin- 
ning, and in the middle of words, and at the end of 
adjectives, as in prjidhit, ensemble, exempt, etc. 

2dly. Generally short at the end of substantives 
and adverbs, as in vSnt, sagemhit, etc. 

3dly. Short and slender in miin, tiin, siln. Kin, 
USn, Ttin, etc. 

4thly. Long and slender in the plural of these 
words, in mentor, and some other words, wherein it 
has the sound of in, in vin. 

The first sound is heard in the two syllables of 
enfant, and in the first of encore, which the English 
have adopted with its nasal sound. 

The second has for standard en in cinl. Those 
who can pronounce en in encore, may easily obtain 
its short soimd'by dwelling less upon it. Something 
like it is heard in the word sand. 

The third, heard in the last syllable of lien, has 
somethingdike it in the word send. 

The fourth, heard in mentor, has the sound of in 
in vin. See undsr jiim what is said of the nasal 

In this dictionary, the first three sounds of that 
nasal vowel are always spelt en, except after the 
hard g and k, where the a is better calculated to 
preserve the hard articulation of these two con-so- 

Ame is long only in dTne, infdme, hldme, il se 
pdme, un brdme ,* in the preterites, as aimames, etc., 
and in fiamme, although the m be doubled. 

Ane, anne, are long 'only in crane dne, manes, la 
•nunne, une mdnne, ddmne and conddmne. 

Ape, appe, are long only in rape, and in the verb 

Apre is always long. 

Aque is long only in pdque and Jacques. 

Ar is always short. N. B. Some authorities are 
for excepting char and proper names, as Cisar, 
Gibraltar, etc., which are certainly pronounced long, 
at the end of a sentence. 

Arhe. General rule : In all syllables ending with 
an r, and followed by another consonant which be- 
gins another syllable, the vowel is short : b&r-he, 
bir-ceau, etc. 

Ard, art, are doubtful. But when an e mute fol- 
lows the d or t, the a is short. See Arbe, cafard, 

Are is always long: pdre; but becomes short be- 
fore a masculine syllable : ilp&ra, etc. 

Arre. General rule : All vowels before rr, which 
lorm a single articulation, are long, as drr^i, bdrre, etc. 

Exceptions to this rule will be found in their re- 
spective places. 

Ari is long only in hourvdri. 

As is generally long, as in Ids, bds, as, Pallas, etc. 

Ase. General rule : S or z, between two vowels, 
ITie last of which is an e mute, lengthens and opens 
the penultiraa : bdse, pese, etc. ; but this penultima 

' Am, an, em, en, these four terminations are un- 
doubtedly different in their sounds, but the differ- 
ence is so little that only a native can distinguish it, 
and in a hundred English students, not one perhaps 
would be able to find it out: we have therefore 
-elerred them all to an of the French word antique. 

often becomes short before a masculine syllable, a» 
in piser, ap&iser, etc. 

Aspe. General rule: An « articulated after a 
vowel, and followed by another consonant, always 
renders the vowel short : j(ispe, masque, lustre, etc. 

Asse is long in the substantives: basse, chasse 
(shrine), cldsse, echdsse, passe, mdsse (slake), and 
tdsse ; in the adjectives basse, grdsse, Idsse ; in the 
verbs cdsse, amdsse, enchdsse, compdsse, sdsse ; and 
in their masculine terminations, cdsser, etc. ; in 
words derived from, or composed of these verbs; 
also in the terminations of the subjunctive mood, 
aimdsse, parldsses, chantdssent, etc. It is short in 
all other words. 

At is long only in bdl., mat, digdl, and in the third 
person singular of the preterite of the subjunctive. 
qii^il aimat, etc. 

Ate, ates, are long only in pate, hate, il appdte, gate, 
mdte, dimdte; and in the preterite tense, ckantdtes,€lc. 

Aire, attre, is only short in quiitre,, b&ttre, and its 

Au, a false diphthong, has the three sounds of the 
French o. See 0. 

It is generally long and open before a feminine 
termination or a consonant at the end of a word ; in 
the plural number, and under the circumflex accent ; 
as in duge, chdud, mdux, etc. 

It is short in Pdul, and before two consonants, as 
in dugmenter, etc. 

It is long and broad before re, as in restdure, etc. ; 
in all other cases it is generally doubtful, as in ait- 
dace, ipauler,joT/au, etc. 

Ave is short in rave, c&ve, etc. ; frequently long, as 
in grdve, entrdve, etc. ; and doubtful in brave and 

Avre is always long : caddvre, etc. 

Ax, axe, are always short: thorax, parall&xe, etc. 

The French Academy admits three sounds of the 
letter e : the close, the open, and the mute. 

But the open may be more or less so. It is a little 
open in ferme, and entirely so in prods. When it 
is a little open, the Academy calls it open acute, 
and assigns for its standard the first e in trompette. 
Dumarsais, and others, call it the common or middle 
e: when it is entirely open, it is called open grave. 
Therefore we must distinguish three masculine i's, 
viz., the close, the open acute, and the open grave. 

These are termed masculine, in opposition to the 
mute e, the sign of the feminine gender in most ad- 
jectives, and all past participles. 

The close i is so called from its being pronounced 
with the mouth almost closed, and from its slender 

It may be deemed short, if compared with its 
feminine termination, wherein the e mute obliges 
us to dwell somewhat more npon it, as is obvions in 
aisi, aisie; but it is long, if comjiared with the open 
acute, which is shorter, though it frequently bears 
the same accent. This is observable in crii, where- 
in the first i is somewhat more open than the last, 
and evidently shorter, according to the general rule 
which is to be found after the termination ii. See ii. 

The natural standard for this i is the primitive 
sound by which it is known in the French alphabet 
as in bonti, and answers to the first letter in the 
English alphabet, as in/a(e. 

The open acute i, so named from being somewhat 
more open than the close 4, and from the acute ac- 
cent which it frequently bears, is always short. It 
is found in the first i of crii or trompette, and is the 
same as in the English words, met, ebb. 

The open grave i is so called from requiring a 
greater openmg of the mouth, and from the grave 
or circumflex accent which generally attends it, as 
m apris and tete. It is sunilar in sound to the 
Eiiglish e in tliere. 

The mute e is a mere emission of the voice and 
IS so very imperceptible to the ear, that the diffe- 
rence between /roc mdfroque, crip and ciipe. can 
only be decided by the spelling. 


Dumarsais thinks that the articulation of the con- 
sonant by which it is preceded, is sufficient to ex- 
press it, as in mner, ana dmender, the figured spell- 
mg of mener and demander. In monosyllables, 
however, and in the first syllables of other words, 
the imperfect sound of this letter is more perceptible, 
and may be termed guUural. 

At the end of polysyllables, where it is entirely 
mute, it is like the second e in there, and generally 
serves to lengthen or open the preceding vowel: 
when it is more perceptible, it is like the e in bat- 
tery or ouer ; and even then the French suppress it 
as often as they can, especially when the preceding 
or following syllable has a fuU sound. 

P. Catineau, who has written on this subject, 
gives the following example, which is very correct: 
" Qwanrf vous serez le mime, voils me trouverez le 
mime. This sentence contains thirteen syllables in 
prose, quand-vous-se-rez-U-mtme-vous-me-iroU'Ve-reZ' 
le-meme. In poetry mime would have two syllables. 
However, in familiar reading and conversation, it is 
pronounced in eight syllables only, quand-vou-srel- 
mime-voum-trouv-rel-mime." The suppression of 
this e is precisely the reason why ibreigners imagine 
that the French speak so very quick. 

This imperfect sound would be insupportable in 
two syllables together at the end of a word. To 
avoid this dissonance, thereibre, the mute e is 
changed into an open i, in the penultima of verbs, 
as in mine from mener ; in tienne from tevir, where 
the consonant is doubled, producing the same efifect ; 
while in others the e is changed into the diphthong 
oi, as in doivent from devoir. 

When the pronoun je comes after its verb, it 
produces the same effect, so ihatje cJtante, je mine, 
became chanti-je ? meiU-je ? And in this case the 
guttural e of mener that had become open acute in 
mine, becomes again guttural in meni-je ? 

E, when under the acute accent, is generally 
close at 'the end of words, as honid, ais6; Sdly, in 
adverbs derived from adjectives ending in i, as 
aiaimenl; 3dly, before the feminine termination of 
adjectives, where it is somewhat longer, as in ai$ee ; 
in every other place it is almost always open acute.* 
It is close likewise in the termination ez and er, 
when the r is silent; and open acute in any other 
place where it is not open grave, or doubtful. 

It is generally open grave under the circumflex 
and grave accent ; and sometimes doubtful, as will 
be seen hereafter. 

N. B. The following rules relate to the open 
acute i, and to the open grave, when the word 
dose is not mentioned. 

Ecle, ebre, ec, ece, are always short : blc, nUce, etc. 

Eche is long only in heche, leche, grieche, peche 
(fishing, or peach], reveche, il peche (he fishes), di- 
peche, empedie, preche, and in all the tenses and 
persons of these verbs. 

Eck, ect, ete, ede, eder, are always short: silcle, 
iTisecte, ctder, etc. 

Ee is always long and close, as in animde, etc. 
See Aie. 

Ee. General rule: All vowels before any other 
than the mute e, are short; crH,fi£al, hSir, etc. 

* It has been thought proper to adhere to the an- 
cient custom of writing this second e with the acute 
accent, to avoid the double mistake frequently occa- 
sioned by those who of late have written it with 
the grave accent, in some terminations, as dee, dde, 
etc. Those who are unacquainted with iVI. d'Oli- 
vet's rules, being misled by the grave accent, give 
to that d the sound of the open grave i, whilst on 
the other hand, they are induced to confound with 
the close d all the open acute ones, which have not 
been subjected to tliis partial reform. A little atten- 
tion to the above rule will be sufficient to prevent 
the mistaking of the close d for the open acute. As 
to the exceptions to this or any of these rules, the 
similar spelling ofevery word will remove all doubts. 

Ef is always short; effe, efk) axe long only in 
gri^G and nijle. 

Ege is always long : college, etc. Some make it 
short. The prevailing custom seems to be for pro- 
nouncing it long at the end of a sentence and shorj 
in any other place. 

JEgle is always short : rlgle, seigle, etc, 

^ne is doubtful : risne, doutgne, etc. 

Elite is long in viiiUe, vieillard, viiillesse, which 
have the sound of the close d. 

Ein, einte, are always long. See Aim. 

Eine is long only in reine. 

Eitre is long only in reitre. 

Ele is long only in zele, poele, /rile, pele-mele, 
grile, il sefUe, il bile. 

Em, en. See Aim and An. But there is no nasal 
sound in BithUim, item,amen,hymin,etc. And when- 
ever the m or n is articulated, the e is open acute. 

Erne is short only in sime. It is doubtful in crime; 
and long in any other word. The terminations in 
ieme are frequently heard short before another word. 

Ene is long only in cine, chine, scene, gene, aline 
rine, frine, arine, pine, and in all proper names 
Enne is always short, dtrSnne, etc. 

Epe is always long : crepe, etc. 

Epre is short only in Upre,^etc. 

Epie, eptre, are always short : prdcipte, tciptre, etc. 

Eque is long only in dveque, archevique. 

Er is long and open in fir, enfir, mer, amir, 
Jiivir; long and close in l^ir, altiir ; and in all 
nouns and verbs, as aimer, bergir, etc., when the r 
is silent ; but when the r is articulated, as it must 
be, especially in verbs, before a word beginning 
with a vowel, the e is open acute, and short as in 
the English word ebb, see Table of the Simple 
Sounds, p. 11. This articulation of the r, however, 
is principally applicable to solemn reading. 

Erie, erce, erse, erche, ercle, erde, erdre, are all 
short. See Arbe. 

Erd, ert, are doubtful : il perd, ddsert, etc. 

Ere is doubtful : frire, chimire, etc., but it is con 
stantly long in the third persons plural of verbs: ill 
enpirent, parlirent, etc. 

Erge, ergue, , erle, erme, erne, erpe, erte, erire, 
esque, este, estre, are all short. See Arbe. 

Erre is always long, even before a masculine syl- 
lable : guerre, virrons, etc., but it is short when the 
two rr are heard separately, as in irreur^ etc. 

Esse is long only in aoisse, prof esse, confSsse, 
presse, comprisse, cesse, lisse, exprisse, il s'empresse 
il prof esse. 

Et is long only in arrit, benit, foret, genit, pret 
aprit, acquit, intdret, tit, protit, il ist. 

Ete is long only hi bete, fete, arbalite, boite, tern- 
pite, quite-, conquite, enquete, requite, .arrite, crite, 
tele; it is doubtful in ites and honnite, and short in 
all the rest. 

Etre is long only in itre, salpetre, ancitre.feniire, 
pritre, champitre, nitre, chevitre,guetre,je me d.dpetre. 

En. This diphthong has three difl^erent sounds: 
it is long and close in jiune (fasting), short in jiane 
(young) ; long and open in biurre. 

The first has no standard in English ; but it may 
be obtained by pressing the lips a little forward, in 
such a manner as to leave to the breath a narrower 
passage than for the e of over, and by dwelling 
longer uj-on it. 

The second is somewhat ipore open than the e of 
over, and can hardly be distinguished from it. 

The third may be obtained by opening the lips 
somewhat wider, and in a more circular form, thqn 
for the e of over, and by protracting the sound.* 

* No grammarian, I believe, has ever distinguish- 
ed the third sound, so different from the tvvo first. 
Hence some pronounce biurre, leurre, etc., with the 
sound of eu in jeitne, which is a very vicious pro- 
nunciation; for in French, as in English, the r 
generally opens the sound of the preceding vowel 
By others, and specially by foreigners, fetix, aieux 



Eu, unless accented, is short in the beginning 
and in the middle of words: Mureux, amiuter, etc.; 
it is doubtful, at the end, feu, jeu, etc., and when it 
18 long it has the close sound of eu in j'eune, unless 
it be lollowed by an r. 

Euf is always short: n&/, »&/, etc. 

Eule is long only in mlule. 

Eune is long only in jeime (fasting). 

Eur is generally short, Uur, phir, etc.; it is doubt- 
ful in cwur, cliaeur, smur, and long open in all plural 

Eure is doubtful, but always open, heure, infi- 
rieure, etc. 

Eux,euse, are always long and close : Jeux, jeux, 
heureuse, etc. 

Eve is long only in treve, greve, reiie, rever ; it is 
doubtful in five, brlve, il ackhie, crhe, se Ihje, 
although mute in crever, achever, ee lever. 

Evre is doubtful, livre, shire, etc. 

Ex, exe, are always short, perplix, aixe, etc. 

N. B. All the terminations of the three following 
vowels not noticed in these Rules, are constantly 

/ has two sounds ; it is long in gile, and short in 
utM. The standard fur the first, in English, is ie in 
field, and of the second i in fig. 

Idre is long only in hldre and cHre. 

Je is always long. See Aie. 

len, when it is a dissyllable, both syllables are 
short, as in li-in ; but it is doubtful when it is a 
monosyllable, as in mien, tien, etc..; when it is long 
it has the sound of in in vin. See An. 

Jge is doubtful, as in ttge,prodige,lilige, il oblige,etc. 

Me is long only in ile, huik, tmU, presqu'ile. 

Im, in. See Ain. 

Imes is long only in ainnie, dime, and in the pre- 
terite tense, vimes, primes, etc. 

fire is doubtful : empire, soupire, etc., but always 
long in the preterite tense, prirenti punlreni, etc. 
. ise is always long: surprise, etc: 

Isse is only long in these terminations of the sub- 
junctive, yisse, prlsses, puntssent, etc. 

It is long only in the preterite of the subjunctive ; 
qu'il prit, gu'il fit, etc. 

lie is long in Unite, gite, mle, and in the preterite 
tenses, mtes,fimles, etc. 

Itre is long in epiire, huUre, Utre; but short in 
reg'itre and all the rest. 

Ive is long only in adjectives : xme, craintive, etc, 

Ivre is long only in vtiires. 

O has three sounds ; it is long and open in trone, 
and short in notle.. It is long and broad when the o 
precedes the final syllable re, adore, jlore, aurdre ; 
when the or is connected with the following conso- 
nant, as in corps, alors,fort; as also when it con- 
stitutes a word, or.} 

gin^reux,jeune, etc., are pronounced with the sound 
of eu in beurre, which is no less exceptionable. 

* The French termination eur undergoes so tri- 
fling a change in its plural, that we have made no 
difference in them, and refer both singular and 
plural to eu o[ beurre. 

t Ir. This termination not being noticed here, it 
must, according to Mr. Tardy, be short ; however, 
tlie sound of this termination, in most of our verbs, 
is longer than the i of bit, to which it refers, and not 
quite so long as ie o[ field; but we have adhered to 
this termination, as being more nearly allied to the 
French sound than the other. 

t We have made use of a fourth termination, to 
represent the sound of o when it is as open but not 
io long as in trone; which is generally the case 
when the o is followed by no consonant, or when 
the consonant that follows is mute, as in vos, Mros, 
mot, in which the o is as open but somewhat shorter 
than the o in the word robe, to which it was con- 
stantly referred. 

N. B. This third sound has not been noticed by 
any grammarian. , It would, however, be highly 
improper to pronounce the o in aurore, corps, alors, 
etc., like the o in trSne or nSble. 

The standard in English is, for the first, o m robe; 
for the second, o in rob ; for the third, o in lord. 

O in the beginning of a word, is long only in da 
osier, dter, hole. 

Obe is long only in globe and ldbe._ 

Ode, oge, are long only in rode, doge. , 

Oi, a diphthong that sometimes has the sounds of 
via in iflSr, Or viiirt ; sometimes those of e in there or 
ebb. It is doubtful at the end of words, where it 
has always the sounds of tuS or w)2, moi, toi, roi, etc. 

Oie is always long : jdie, etc. 

Oieni, a false diphthong, that has always the sound 
Of the open grave e, ils aimdient, etc. 

Oin, a diphthong, which has the sound of in in 
mn, preceded by the English w. See Aim. 

Oir is doubtful : savoir, espoir, etc. 

Oire is always long ; boire, mimoire, etc. 

Ois, owe, oisse, oitre, oivre, are always long, whe- 
ther they have the sound of loa, or of an open grave i. 

Oit is long only in il paroit, connoit and croit {he 

Oh is iQng only in drole, pole, geole, mole, role, 
cohtrole, UerijoU, enrole, vole (he steals). 

Om, on. This nasal vowel has no exact standard 
in English; but something like it is heard in song. 
See Aim. In French its standard is on, in mon, and 
it is always long. 

Ome is short only in Home. Omme is always short. 

One is always long when the n is not doubled : 
trone, etc. 

Or is always short, according to M. d'Olivet 
Some think it short only in castor, butar, enaSr ; but 
longer in all the other words, when r is followed by 
a. d or at. This latter opinion, seems to prevail, 
especially, when the word ends a sentence. There- 
fore, o in or, essor, port, bord, etc., should be placed 
in the class of the doubtful vowels. 

Ore is always long and broad: encore, (vapore, etc 
But it becomes short before a masculine syllable, 
ivaporer, etc.; unless followed by two rr, which 
form a single articulation, as in eclorrai, etc. 

Os, ose, are always long : repos, oppose, etc. 

Osse is long only in grosse, fosse, endbssc, en- 
grosse, and in their derivatives, which preserve the 
long even before a masculine syllable : grosseur, etc. 

Ot is long only in impot, lot, depot, entrepot, sup- 
pot, prevot, rot. 

Ote is long only in hate, cote, maltote, ote. The 
three last preserve the o long before a masculine 
syllable: cbU; dter, maltdiier, etc, 

Olre is long in apotre, notre and votre. 

Ou.a false diphthong, which is long in route, and 
short in boule. 

The first has for ils standard, in English, the two 
00 in mood ; the second, the two oo in good. 

Oudre, cue, are always long; moudre,je loue, etc. 

Ouilie is long only in rouille, il dirouiUe, em- 
brouille, dibromlle; but becomes short beibre a 
masculine syllable, rouiller, brouillon, etc. 

Oule is long only in moule (muscle), la foule 
soule, il foule, icroiue, roule. 

Oure is doubtful: bravoure, etc. 

Ourre is always long; but ourr becomes short 
before a masculine syllable, contrary to the rule 
after arre ; bourrade, courrier. 

Ousse is long only in ponsse. 

Out is long only in aout, cout, gout, mout. 

Oute is long in absoute, joule, croute, voute ; ii 
coutp,broute,gdute,ajdu1e; but mostly short before 
a masculine syllable : jouter, etc. 

Outre is long only in poutre and coutre. 

U has two sounds ; it is long in bUse, and short in 


There is no standard for these sounds in English 
To form the first, observe the situation of tL 
tongue when you pronounce the English letter a 


iJwmens itself into the cheeks, so that it touches 
the first grinders. When the tongue is in this 
Situation, advance both lips a little forward, shutting 
them at the same time in such a manner as to leave 
a narrow oval passage for the breath. This move- 
ment will lightly press the tongue betvteen the 
grinderB, and its tip against the fore-teeth of the 
inferior jaw, and thus let pass what breath is neces- 
sary to emit the sound of the French u. Its short 
sound is formed by dwelling less upon it. 

Vche is long only in buche, emJmche, dilmche. 

He is always long: vue, tortus, etc. 

Vge is doubtful : diluge,juge, etc. 

Vie is long only in brule, and in all the tenses of 

Um, un. See Aim. This nasal vowel has no 
standard in English. Its sound is formed by lower- 
ing the inferior part of the mouth somewhat more 
than for the pronunciation of u, making at the same 
time the opening of the lips more circular, and 
throwing the breath against the interior part of 
the roof, whilst the tongue touches lightly the 
grinders m removing a little from the fore-teeth of 
the inferior jaw. 

Vmes is long only in preterite tenses : parumes, 
refames, etc. 

Ure is always long: injure, parjure, etc. 

Vsse, usses, ussent, are always long, except in la 
Priisse, leg Russes. 

Ut is long only in fill (hogshead), afful; and in 
the preterite of the subjunctive, ju'ilfiU, etc. 

Ule is long only in flUie, and in preterite tenses, 
lutes, parutes, etc. 

N. B. Few of these rules are without some ex- 
ceptions. Th^se exceptions, together with the pro- 
nunciation of the proper and improper diphthongs 
not noticed in these rules, and likewise the various 
articulations of consonants, are shown in the similar 
spelling of their respective words. 

But as words are spelt as they are pronounced 
when alone, or before a consonant, we shall parti- 
cularly notice here the final consonants which cease 
to be silent when they meet a word beginning with 
a vowel. . 

Directions for the Articulaiion of the 
final consonants before a vowel or h 

1st General Rule: Final consonants are to be 
articulated before a word beginning with a vowel 
or h mute.* 

2d General Rule: All final consonants that are 
articulated when the word stands alone, or before 
the consonant of another word, preserve the same 
articulation before a vowel. The exceptions will 
be remarked in the following observations. 

B is articulated only in radoub, and proper names, 
even before a consonant. 

* No rule is more frequently cited, and yet few 
have more exceptions, even in public speaking, 
wherein it ought to be more strictly adhered to. 
On this point, harmony must be first attended to. 
Whenever the connection of a final consonant pro- 
duces a discordant sound, it must be avoided ; for, 
as M. d'Olivet has very properly remarked, " the 
French prefer an irregularity to a discordance." 

In cases, however, where a disagreeable sonnd 
is not the consequence, the connection should take 
place, even in conversation, when the first word 
determines, qualifies, or modifies the second, as the 
article before its nounj the adjective or pronoun 
before its substantive; the substantive before its 
adjective ; the noun or pronoun before its verb ; the 
Tetb before its pronoun, adverb, object, or end ; the 
adverb before an adjective or participle. 


C. When the final c is articulated, it has the arti 
culationuf a A. 

It is always silent in accroc, arsenic, brae, cotignac, 
marc (weight or sediment), eslomac, lacs (love-knots) ; 
in the last syllable ot succinct, and otporc-ipic ; and 
afler the nasal sounds, as banc, convamc, etc. 

However, it is articulated in done at the begin- 
ning of a sentence and before a vowel; also in /rane- 
encens.franc-alleu, du blanc au noir. 

D. When the final d is heard before a vowel or A 
mute, it has the articulation of a t'. 

It is always silent in sourd, nid, in the termina- 
tions in and, rond, etc., and after an r, as in Juyard 
accord, etc. 

In other words it is frequently suppressed in con- 

It should never be suppressed, 1st, ia defend en 
comble; 2d, ofter guand, before il, its, evx, elks, on, 
en, a, au, aux ; 3d, after adjectives followed by their 
substantives : grand homme, grand arbre, etc. ; 4th, 
afier the third person of verbs, when they are fol- 
lowed by their pronoun personal or the preposition 
dj ripond-iU il entend d, demi, etc. 

F. The final/ is generally articulated even before 
a consonant. 

It is silent, even before a vowel ; 1st, in baillif, 
clef, cerf; 2d, in chef and nerf when used in the 
following expressions, chef d'ceuvre, nerf de baeuf, 
although it must be articulated in any other place ; 
3d, in plural nouns, as bomfs, cetifs, etc. ; except in 
chefs and corne de cerf, wherein it is always articu- 

G. The final g, when it is not silent, has the arti- 
culation of a &; 

It is articulated, 1st, in sang and rang before an 
adjective, sang ichauffi, rang elevd, etc. ,' 2d, in these 
or similar sentences, suer sang et eau, de rang en 
rang, etc. ; 3d, always in bpurg. 

According to some, it is also heard in long before 
a substantive ! Zone- iti, eta, which may be spelt 
lan-kiti. The worn long before a vowel is generally 
avoided, or theg' suppressed in the pronunciation. 

In joug some pronounce it as g' in bag, even be- 
fore a consonant ; others suppress it even before a 

H seldom is, and never ought to be, final in 
French. It has no articulation. 

When it is deemed aspirate, " it only communi- 
cates to the vowel the properties of a consonant ; 
that is to say, if the preceding word ends with a 
vowel, that vowel is never suppressed ; if it ends 
with a consonant, that consonant is never connected 
with the vowel which follows. To this is confined 
all the effect of the aspirated h." — D'Olivet. 

This pretended aspiration, so different from that 
of the English, is nothing else than the hiatus occa- 
sioned by the meeting of two vowels, as in go on, 
go again. , 

iV. B. The h is preserved in the similar spelling 
only in words before which no vowel is suppressed, 
and with which no consonant is connected. 

It is proper to notice here some irregularities of 
this letter. 

In conversation or prose h is mute in Henri ; it 
may be aspirated in poetry. 

According to the Academy, it is better to aspirate 
it in hideux. The contrary custom still prevails. 

It is aspirated in Hollande and Hongrie, but mute 
in-toile Qt fromxxge d'Hollande, reine oi point d'Hon- 

It is mute in hiit and its derivatives ; however 
we spell and pronounce le huit, le huitiime, la hui- 
taine, as if it were aspirated. 

Onze and, its derivatives, and cui used substan 
lively, produce the effects of the aspirated h. The 
vowel IS not suppressed before these words, nof any 
consonant connected with them, les onze, lea on- 
zibmes, etc., le oui et le non, ious vos oui, etc., al- 
though we spell and pronounce je crola qu'oui, in 
Bteaaof Je crois que oui. 

L. The final I is never pronounced in baril chenil- 


fusil, gentil, ml, oulil, nombril, persil, soul, sowrcil, 
pojdstjlh, cut. Bat gentil in gentilhomme, tind gril 
m verse, take the liquid articulation of gl in se- 

It is sometimes familiarly suppressed in quelque, 
guelque/ois, qwelqu'un; though never in quel and 
quelcowjue. To suppress the I in U dit, ila ont dil, 
parle-tril ? would be to imitate a pronunciation in 
use only with the vulgar. 

M. Chambaud observes, with regard to this last 
point, that the I cannot be silent in reading; and 
that it would be better to pronounce it always, to 
avoid double meanings. Since this suppression of 
the 2 may occasion ambiguity, it cannot be too care- 
fully avoided, 

iM. The final m is never articulated when it 
makes a nasal sound. It is always articulated in 
hem.' item, and in ibreign names, Amsterdam, etc. 
However m is silent in Adam and Absalom, which 
have a nasal sound. 

N. The final n, when it makes a nasal sound, is 
articulated before a vowel only in the following 
cases : 

1st. Adjectives before their substantives, and 
mon, ton, son, rlen, un and bien (adverb), lose their 
nasal sound in connecting their n with a following 
vowel, as certain auieur, bon ami, rien au monde, un 
homme, bien-ai-md, etc., pronounced cer-ti-no-teur, 
rii-no-monde, bo-rm-mi, u-nom, bii-ni-mi. 

2d. Benin and malin ought not to be placed be- 
fore a substantive, except malin esprit, wherein 
malin preserves its nasal sound, and a second n is 
articulated before- esprit, malin-neaprit. The same 
may be said of dimn amour, divin ivangile, pro* 
nounced divin-namour, divin-nivangile. 

3d. En and on preserve their nasal sound, but a 
second n is articulated before a vowel : en entrant, 
on assure, etc., pronounced en-nen-tran, 
But the first after an imperative and the second 
after its verb, are never connected: par-lez-en d 
votre ami, a-t-on appris, etc. 

P. The final p oi coup, heaucoup and irop, and of 
the words that nave it articulated before a conso- 
nant, are the only ones heard before a vowel. 

Q. When the final q is not silent, it has the arti- 
culation of a h. It is always heard in cinq, when 
alone and before a vowel: also in coq. 

R. The final r is generally articulated befors 
vowels, at least in reading. 

Except, 1st, monsieur and messieurs, though it bb 
always heard in le sieur, les sieurs; 

2d, The plural of nouns ending in er, wherein 
the s alone is articulated like a z ; 

3d, In conversation it is often suppressed before 
consonants, as in notre, voire, quatre, pronoijnced 
not, vot, quat ; but never in nofre Fere qui Itesaux 
deux, Notre-Dame, qualre-vingts, nor at the end of 
a sentence ; 

4th, Sometimes also it is suppressed in conversa- 
tion in the verbs and nouns ending in er ; but never 
in proper names, words derived from foreign lan- 
guages, nor when the i is open grave, as in Jupiter, 
pater, mer, etc. 

Sth, Some suppress it in words ending in ir ; but 
it is not the prevailing custom. 

S. The final s, in reading, is always heard before 
a vowel. It is articulated as in yes, even before a 
consonant, in the words vis and cens ; and in the 
Latin and proper names, Pallas, bolus, etc. 

In every other word, before a vowel, it has the 
articulation of a x, in which case it is often sup- 
pressed in conversation ; but this would be a fault 
in reading. 

T. The t final is generally articulated before a 
vowel; except, 

1st, When it is preceded by another consonant: 
respect kumain, effort dtonnarU, etc. 

2d, In quatre-vingt-un, quatre-vingt-onze, though 
it be articulated in vingt el un, and even before 
consonants in the fallowing numbers, up to virtgi- 
neuf inclusively ; 

3d, In all plural nouns, and in et, teint, conlrai, 
moiU, ikt, protU, puits ; 

4th, It is silent in fort (adjective), fort et grand, 
but articulated in/or( (adverb),/ort aintable, 

X. The final x is always articulated, 1st, like Aa 
in Greek and Latin words : Styx, prifix, in the 
word Cadix; like z in Aix ; like double s in Ai;B- 
la-Chapelle; and like gz when followed by a vowel, 
as in exereice, exempts egzercice, egzempt. 

Z is silent before a vowel only in the word nez ; 
it is frequently suppressed at the end of other words 
in conversation; but these and similar licenses, 
though tolerated, can never be enforced as rules. 



No. 1. 
To have. 


Infinitive Mood. — Present Tense. 

No. 2. 
^ To be. 



No. 3. No. 4. No. 5. No. 6. 

To give. To ^untsA. To owe. To »ell. 
donner punir devoir vendre 

Present Participle. 
Idonnant Ipunissant |devant Ivendant 

Past Participle. 
Idonne Ipuni 

Indicative Mooo.— Present Tense. 



tu as 




nous avons 


vous avez 
















tu avais 
il avait 

nous avions 
vous aviez 
lis avaient 







Imperfect 7ense. 




d on n ions 







tu eus 


il eat _ 


nous eumes 


vous eutes 


ils eurent 


Preterite Definite. 













Future Absolute. 

J aural 
tu auras 
il aura 
nous aurons 
vous aurez 
ils auront 











































Conditional IMood. — Present Tense. 



tu aurais 


il aurait 


nous aurions 


voua auriez 


ils auraient 




















Imperative Mood. — Present or Future. 

qu'il ait 




qu'ils aient 




tu axes 



nous ayons 
vous ayez 
lis aient 


























-Present Tense,' 













I vendu 










































tu eusses 
il cut 

n* eussions 
vous eussiez 
ils eussent 




Imperfect Tense. 

























Negative Form. 
n'avoir pas, not to have 

ne pas avoir, 
n'ayant pas, 
je n'ai pas, 
tu n'as pas, 
il n'a pas. 

not to have 
having not 
I have not 
thou hast not 
he has not 

nous n'avons pas, we have not 

vous n'avez pas, you have not 

ils n'ont pas, they have not 

Interrogative Form. 
ai-je, or est-ce que jai 

as-tji est-ce que tu as 

a-t-il est-ce qu'il a 

avons-nous est-ce que nousavons 

avez-vous est-ce que vous avez 

ont-ils est-ce qu'ils out? 

Interrogative and Negative Form. 
n'ai-je pas est-ce que je n'ai pas 

n'as-tu pas est-ce que tu n'as pas 

n'a-t-il pas est-ce qu'il na pas 

n'avons-nous pas est-ce que nous n'a- 
vons pas 
n'avez-vous pas est-ce que vous n'a- 

V ez pas 
n'ont'-ils pas est-ce qu'ils n'ont pas 

Pronominal Verb. 
je me donne, I give myself 
tu te donnes 
il se donne 
nous nous donnons 
vous vous donnez 
ils se donnent 

je ne me donne pes 
tu ne te donnes pas 
ils ne se donno pas . 
nous ne nous donnons pas 
vous ne vous donnez pas 
ils ne se donnent pas 

me donne-je 
te donnes-tu 
se donne-t-il 
nous donnons-nous 
vous donnez-vous 
se donnent-ils 

Interrogatively and Negatively. 
ne me donne-je pas 
ne te donnes-tu pas 
ne se donne.t-il pas 
ne nous donnons-nous pas 
ne vous donnez-vous pas 
no se donnent-ils pas ? 

donne-toi, give thyself 
donnons-nous, let us give ourselves 
donnez-vous give yourselves 

Imperative Mood. — Negatively. 
ne te donne pas 
qu'il ne se donne pas 
ne nous donnons pas 
ne vous donnez paa 
qu'ils ne se donnent pas 

Compound Tenses, 

The compound tenses of the active verbs are feoiijugated with the auxiliary verb avoir, to have; those &j 
the pronominal verbs with the verb Hre, to be; those of the neuter verbs sometimes with avoir, sometimes 
with Itre. Ex. : avoir donne, ayant donne, etc. ; s'Hre donni, s'kant donnd,je me suis donni,je ne me suis paa 
dttnni me suis-je donni, ne me suis-je pas donni? J'at c2or/ni, I have slept. Jcsuistomi^, I have fallen. 


















































































To acquire, 
To assailf 
To boil, 
To run. 
To gather^ 
To sleep. 
To fail, 
To hate. 
To die. 
To hear. 
To open, 
To serve. 
To hold. 
To clothe. 
To sit down. 
To sit down. 
To fall. 
To decay. 
To fall. 

To benecessary 
To move. 
To rain. 
To be ahle^ ' 
7*0 know. 
To fit. 
To put off. 
To be worth. 
To see. 
To foresee. 
To provide, , 
To be willing, 
To beat,- 
To drink. 
To close. 
To conclude. 
To pickle, ■ 
To sew. 
To believe. 
To grow. 
To say. 
To open. 
To write, 
To do, 
To fry. 
To join. 
To read. 
To put. 
To grind. 
To be bom. 
To graze. 
To know. 
To please. 
To dawn. 
To take. 
To reduce. 
To resolve. 
To laugh. 
To break. 
To follow. 
To milk, 
To vanquish. 
To live, 
To send, 
To call, 
To peel. 
To throw. 
To buy. 
To hope. 
To advance. 
To eat. 
To try. 
To salute. 
To rise, 
To stink. 
To argue. 
To roar. 
To circumcise, 
To lie. 
To shine. 




















j acguerrai 
je bouillirai 
je courrai 
je cueillerai 
je dormirai 
jb faillirui 
je fuirai 
je hairai 
je mourrai 
. 'quvrirai 
je sentirai 
je servirai 
je tiendrai 
je vStifai ' 








dor rn ant 

fain ant 


haissant ' 



ouvrant , 







je bouillais 
je courais 
je cueilJais 
je dormais 
je faillais 
je fuyais 
je mouraia 
je sentais 
je servais 
je tenais 
je vetais 

choir, used only in the present inf. and pa^t participle 












prfivoir ' 






con dure 

con tire 


croire ' 

croitre ' 




fa ire . 




me tire 



pa it re 

conn a it re 

pi aire 









vain ere 






Jeter , , 






je dScherrai 
il ficherra 
il faudra 
je mouvrai 
il pleuvra 
je pourrai 
je saurai 
i[ si^ra 
je suraoirai 
je vaudrai 
, e verrai . . , 
, e privoirai 
je vo'udi*ai > 
.ebattrai ; 
.e'boiraii i 
, e clorai 
je conclurai 
je conSrai 
je coudrai 
je croirai 
je croitrai 
je dirai 
il 6clora 
, *6crirai 
je ferai 
je frirai 
je joindrai 
.e lirai 
, e mettrai 
, e moudrai 
, e naitrai 
, e paitrai 
je plairai 
il poindra 
je prendrai 
e r6duirai 
je r6soudrai 
je rirai 
je romprai 
je Buivrai 
je trairai 
je vaincrai 
je vivrai 
j'en verrai 
je pelerai 
je je«erai 
je mangerai 


mouvant | 


pouvanl , 








voulant ' 


















il fallait 
je mouvais 
il pleuvait 
je po,uvaiB 
je savais 
il seyait 
je sursoyais 
je valaia 
je voyais 
je pr6voyais 
je pourvoyais 
je voulais 
je battaia 
je buvais 
je closaia 
je confisais 
je cousaia 
je croyais 
je croissais 
je diaaia 

je faisais 

je joighais 
je lisais' 
je mettaia 
je moulais 
je uaisaais 

je connaissais 
JB plaisais 

prenant je prenais 
r6duisant je r^duisaia 
rSsolvant je rfisolvaia 
riant je riais 

rompant je rompais 
suivant je suivais 
trayant ;e trayaia 

vainquant je vainquaia 
vivant je vjvais 

allant j'allais 

en voyant j'envoyaia 
ayjpelant j'appelais 
pelant '■je pelaia 

jetant jejetais 

achetant j'achetais 
esptirant j'esp6raia 
avanpant j'avancais 
mangeant je mangeais 
^. essayant j'essayais 

sal uer, conjugated like verb 3— observe the diteresis on i 
se lever, see p. 11 how to conjugate a rejlective verb 
puer, is now conjugated like parler, verb 3 ' 

arguer, conjugated like verb 3, the u is sounded 
bruire il bruyait 

circoncire je circoncirai circoncisant je circoncisaia 
^ isir giaant je gisais 

hiire jeluirai luiaant je luisais 





































con fit 














conn a 













pel6 ' 








Indicative Mood— Present tense. 




CO lira 




fui a 




ouvre , 



































pre n da 




















I eve 





tu acquiers 

. houa 


il acquiert 


d6chois d^choit 















crois , 












con nais 





























Indicative Mood— Present tense. 

nous acq u6rons 
assai lions 
assay on s 







pour voyons 




















resolve ns 
rem pons 
vi vons 
. espgrons 




vous acqu6rez 
assai llez 



















naissez / 






























lis acquigrent 
bouillent ^ 
dorment , 
me u rent 










pourv oient 





confisent , 


























envoi ent 












argugnt ' 





ubiunctive i 






line yacguiire 



je bouille 


je cQiire 




e dorrafi [ 

' doi-ihis 

efailfe ' 



je taaifsse 


je meure 







. sentis 


servia . 

je tienne 


e vete 


^asseie '- 




je dechoie - 


il faille 


je meuve 


il pleuve 

il pint 

je puisse 


je sache 


je sursoie 


e vaille _ 


je vote 


je privoie 


■ je pourvoie 


je veuille 


je batte 


je boive 


e eonclue 


e confise 


je couse ' 


e eroie ' 


je croisse 









je joigne 




je mette 




je naisse 


, je paissB 



je plaise 


e prenne- 


e r^duise 


e resolve 


e rie 


e rorape 


e suive 


e traie 

e vainque 


e voie 



allai ^ 









'achate ' 






e mange 


^asaie . 


e salue 


elhje ■ 


e pue 



je circoncise 



e luise 



Irregularities in the 

Subjunctive Mood, 

Present tense. 

que j'acquisse 

acqu6rions, acqu6riez 

j 'assai 11 isse 

je bouillisse 

je courusse 

je ciieillisBe 

je dormisse 

je faillisse 

je fUisse 

fuyions, fuyiez 

je haisse 

je mourusse 

niourions, mouriez 


oyions, oyiez 


je sentisse 

je servisse 

je tinase 

tenions, teniez 

je vetisse 


asseyions, asseyiez 


asaoyiona, assoyiez 


d6clioyiona, d6choyiez 


il fallut 

je musse 

mouvions, mouviez 

il plut , 

je puase ; 

je susse 

e suraisse 



valiona, valiez 

e visse 

voyions, voyiez ; 


e pr^viase 

pr6voyiona, pr6voyit-z 

e pourvuase 

poiirvoyions, pourvoyiex 

e vou lusse 

vouliona, vouliez 

e battisse 

e busse 

buvions, buviez 

e conclusse 

conclu'ions, condluiez 

je confisse 

je cousisse 

je crusse 

je crusse 

. je dlsse 


je fisse 


je lusse 

je misse 


je naquisse 

je connusse 

je plusse 


e prissc 

preniona, preniez 


e r6duisiase 

e r^soluase 
e risse 
e rbmpiase 

e suivisse 

■ ■ ^ 

trayions, trayiez 


. je visse 

voyiona, voyiez 



envoyiona, envoyiez 

je pelasse 

appeliohs, appeliez 

pelions, peliez 

je jetasse 

jetions, jetiez 


achetiona, achetiez 


eap^rions, eap^riez 




essayions, essayiez 

je saluasse 

aa'Iuions, salui'ez 

je levasse 

levions, leviez 


arguions, arguiez 


e circoncisae. 




/ have given m\ja&.f, 
Je me suis donng. 
Tu t'es donng. 
II s'est donne. 
Elle s'est donn6e. 
Nous nous Bommes donnas. 
Vous vouB etes donnas. 
Ilsse sonC donnas. 

1 have not given myself. 
Je ne me suis pas donnd. 
Tu ne t*es pas donn6. 
EI ne s*est pas donn6. 
Nous ne nous sommea pas 

Vous ne vou b etes pas don n^s 
lis ne se sont pas donnas* 

Bave T given myself? 
Me suis-je donn6 7 
T'es-tQ donng ? 
Nous sommes-nous donnas ? 
Vous etes-vouB donnas ? 
Se sont'i]s donnas? 

ILive I ■not given myself 1 
Ne me suis-je pas donn6? 
Ne t'es-tu pas donn6 ? 
Ne s'est-il pas donn6? 
Ne nous sommes-nous pas 

Ne vous etes-TOUs pas donnas 
Ne se sont-ils pas donnas? 




Ai ending the preterite and the future is sounded 
lilte i. Ex. : faimai,je donnerai. 

AiSj ait, aieni, ending the imperfect and conditional 
present, are sounded like ^. Ex. : j*avais,faurai8. 

iilr.ending a verb.hefore a consonant is sounded like 4 

Ez, ending ihe second person plural, is sounded 
like i. Ex. : ayez. 

R is the only consonant to be sounded at the end of 
verbs. Therefore do not sound c, cs, ds, p«, t, x, in 
vainc, vaincs,prend8, romps, as, hats, peux, veiuc, vaux, 
etc. ; sound r in avoir, punir, voir, sers, sert, perd, offert, 
sort, meurs, meurt, etc. But r is not to be sounded in 
er ending the verbs of the first conjugation. Ex.: don- 
ner,parUr, etc.: er in this case is sounded like 6. 


The French verbs are generally divided into four 
conjugations: those ending in er belong to the first; 
those in ir to the second ; those in oiV to the third ; 
those in re to the fourth. They are either regular or 
irregular, and the three preceding pages show how 
they are conjugated in all their forms. 

Ant is the termination of the present participle with- 
out any exception. Ex.: ayant. 

The imperfect tense of the indicative mood always 
ends in ais,ais, ait, ions, iez,aient; it is conjugated Hkb 
je dormais, and is generally formed by changing ant 
of the present participle into ais, etc., as, dormant, je 
donnais, etc. 

The preterite of the indicative ends in four diflferent 
ways : 1st, in ai, as, a, ames, ales, krent, as je donnai, 
etc., verb 3; 2d, is, is, it, \mes, Ues, irent, asje punis, 
etc., verb 4; 3d, in us, us, ut, icmes, utes, urent, as je 
regug, etc., verb 5; 4lh, in ins, ins, int, ^nmes, \ntes, 
inrent, as je tins, tu tins, il tint, nous tlnmes, vnus 
tintes, its tinrent, verb 21 . 

The future always ends in rai, ras, ra, rons, rez, 
Tont, is conjugated like je donnerai, and is generally 
formed by changing the terminations r, oir, and re of 
the present infinitive, into rai, etc. Ex. : donner, don- 
nerai, punir, punirai, devoir, devrai, vendre, vendrai. 

The conditional present always ends in rais, rais, 
rait, rions, riez, raient, is conjugated likeje donnerais, 
and has its first person formed by adding s to rai of the 

In the imperative mood, present tense, the second 
person singular, the first and second persons plural are 
like the same persons of the indicative mood, present 
tense, except in the verbs avoir, lo have, etre, to be, 
and savcir, to know, which has sache, sachons, sachez. 
The third persons, singular and plural, of this tense, 
are like the same persons of the subjunctive mood, 
present tense. Ex. : qu*il ait, quails aient. Those verbs 
which have es at the end of the second person singu- 
lar of the indicative mood and the verb aller, lose 
the final s in the same person of the imperative, ex- 
cept before y and en. Ex. : donne, donnes-en, cueille, 
cueilles-en, va, vas-v, etc. 

The present of the subjunctive mood ends in c, es, 
e, ions, iez, ent, except only in avoir and etre, and is 
conjugated like que je donne, etc., verb 3. The verbs 
of which the first person is printed in italics in the 
present of the subjunctive, have in the first and 
second persons plural irregularities, which are shown 
in the last column of page 13. The first person sin- 
gular of this tense may generally be obtained by 
changing ant of the present participle into e. 

The imperfect tense of the subjunctive mood always 
ends in sse, sses, i, ssions, ssiez, ssent, and is conju- 
gated like que je donnasse, verb 3 ; its first person can 
always be obtained by changing the last letter of the 
preterite of the indicative into sse. Ex. : donnai, don- 
nasse, punis, punisse, etc. 

The preceding remarks show that the first person 
singular of the imperfect indicative, preterite, i^uture, 
conditional present, present and imperfect of the sub- 
junctive mood being once known, the other persons 
of the same tenses may most easily be obtained. 


In the verbs ending in der, corrjugaled like ap- 
peler, verb 73, the / is doubled before e mtite, that 
IS to say, before e, es, ent, final, and in the whole 
of the future and conditional present. In the verbs 
ending in eter, conjugated like jeter, verb 75, the t 
is doubled before e mute. In the verbs conjugated 
like peler, verb 74, acketer, verb 76, esperer, verb 

77, tne e or d of the penultimate syllable becomes 
i before e mute, that is to say, before e, es, ent, final, 
and in the whole of the future and conditional pre- 
sent. In the verbs ending in ger the g must preserve 
its soft sound, for this reason, the e is not dropped 
before a, o. Ex.: manger, verb 79, mangeant, man- 
geons. Those verbs which end in yer, in the infinitive 
mood, present tense, or in yant, in the present partici- 
ple, change the y into i before e mute. Ex. : essayer, 
verb 80, essaie, fuyant, que je fuie, ayant, aie. When 
c soft occurs in a verb in the infinitive mood, it must 
preserve the sound of s through the verb, and take, 
therefore a cedilla before a, o, u. Ex. : avancer, verb 

78, avan^nt, recevoir, refu, recois. 




a. active 
adj. adjective 
adv. adverb 
agr. agriculture 
ana. or anal. anMpmy 
armel. anrielides 
aniiq, antiquity 
arach. araclinideB 
arcK architecture 
arliB,. artillery 
ast. or aaiT. astronomy 
astrel. astrology 

U. or lla. heraldry 

carp, carpentry 
conj. conjunction 
c?tim. or c?iem. chemistry 
ckir. sui'gery 
com. commerce 
crust. Crustacea 
cui. cookery 

ilem, demonstrative 

egt. ecclesiastical, or re- 
lating to the church 
ent, entomology 
ex. example 

f. feminine 
/am. familiar 
fg. figuratively 

geo. geography 
geol. geology 
geom. geometry 
gram, (crammar 

ich. ichthyology 
imp. imperfect 
inf. infinitive 
int. interjection 
irr. irregular 

jur lavr or jurisprudence 

m, masculine 

mar. marine or sea term 

mam. mammalia 

man. horsemanship 

math, mathematics 

me. or 77je<Z. medicine 

mec. or mecan, mechanics 
or relating to machine! 

met. metaphysics 

metdll. or metaUurg. me- 

mil. art of war, or mili- 

min. mineralogy 

mol, moUusca 

mus. music 

n. noun 

n. neuter 

n. h. natural history 

num. numeral 

orn. ornithology 

part, participle 

pres. present 

pliarm. pharmacy 

phil ot philos. philosophy 

phys. natural philosophy 

or physics 
pi. plural 
prep, preposition 
pron. pronoun 
pers. personal 
prel. preterite 

rg?. rofiecteL 
rnet. rhetoric 
recip. reoiprical 
rep. reptilu 

c sabstantiva 
sin^, singular 
tuy. subjunctive 

t. term 

theol. theology 

V. verb 

vet. veterinary art 

V. see 

xoo. zoophytes 

The figures following the verbs refer to the tables of verbs, pages, 11, 12 & 13. 
An asterisk (*) is generally prefixed to the terms used in the natural sciences, medicine, surgeiy, 
chemistry, etc. 





hkr, bat, base, antique: thSre, ^bb, ov^r, jeune, m^ute, bSurre, li^n; field, fig, win: r6be, 
r6b, lord, m6ocl, h6od, v&s, mo?? : b^se, b^t, brun. 

As m. an A. 11 ne sait ni a ni 
, b, he does not know a from 6. 
R n'en a pas fait une panse <Z'a, 
he has done nothing of his work 
as yet. iZ n'v a pas fait une 
panse d'a, he nas had no hand 
in it. ^tre jnargui a Va, to be 
a man of honour. When A 
means the letter a, or when it 
is the third person of the verb 
avoir, to have, it takes no ac- 
cent. In all other cases and sig- 
nifications it takes the grave ac- 
cent thus, a. 

A a, has. II a, he has. 11 y a, there 
is, there are. 11 y a un komme, 
there is a man. 11 y a des 
hommes, there are men. Vide the 
verb Avoir. 

A, prep, marks so many different 
relations, expressed in English 
by so many different prepositions, 
that it will be proper to give its 
significations in detail. 
1. A denotes the end or term of 
the action of the verb. A Dieu, 
mGod. Dire un moid quelqu'un, 
10 speak a word to one. 
[When a is construed with the 
article le, both are contracted into 
au before a consonant : au livre, to 
the book ; a la, are never contract- 
ed : d lafemme, to the vv^oman ; but 
^ Jes, either before a consonant or 
a vowel, are always ccr.tracted 
into aux : aux livres, to the books ; 
auxfemmes, to the women,] 
ii. A frequently serves to denote 
extraction, , separation ; in this 
case & is to be translated by 
from. (Jter une hague d quel- 
qu'mi, to take a ring from one. 

3. A often denotes property, pos- 
session. Ce livre est a ma scBur, 
this book is my sister's. Cetie 
ferme appartient a mon phe, that 
farm belongs to my father. Voire 
devoir., a tons, est de lui oMir, yonx 
duty, all of j'ou, is to obey him. 

4. A denotes period, time, at, in, 
on A Vauhe dm jour, at dawn of 
day. Au mois de mai, in the 
month of May. A mon arrivie, 
oil liiy arrival. 

5. A also indicates an object ad- 
hering to the outside, qf any 

thing. U a une hague au doigt, ' 
he has a ring on his finger. 

6. A also indicates what passes 
within or in any given place. It 
est hlessi d I'^paide, he is wound- 
ed in the shoulder. 

7. A establishes the relative dis- 
tance between things. II etait d 
dix pas de nous, he was within 
ten paces of us. — Locutions. 
A son nez et d sa barhe., under 
his nose and to his very lace. Au 
grandjour, in open day. Coucker 
d la belle Hoile, to lie in the open 

8. A, relation between persons, 
by between. D'homme d homme, 
between man and man. 

9. A', denoting interval, and pre- 
ceded by the proposition de, is 
translated by to. De Paris d 
Geneve, from Paris to Geneva. 

10. A, intimating proportion, to. 
Un est ^ deux comme deux est a 
quatre, what one is to two, two 
13 to four. 

11. A, inferring junction, opposi- 
tion, to. Bout a bout, end to end. 
Corps d corps, man to man. 
Quxitre d quatre, four all 5 se^t d 
point, seven to nothing; huit d 
rien, eight love, — are terms used 
in gaming. , 

12. A specially points out what- 
ever furnishes an inference or 
ground for coiiyecture, ti-ans- 
lated, by. A I'ceuvre on cortnait 
Vouvrier, the workman is known 
by his work. 

13. A, denoting succession, order, 
by. Peu d peu, petit d petit, by 
little and httle. tin d un; one by 
one. — Locution. Traduire mot 
d jnot, et mot pour mot, to trans- 
late word for word. 

14. By is the proper translation of 
d used in the case of goods bought 
or sold by weight, measure or 
quantity. Vendredelaviandhdla 
livre, to sell meat by the pound. 

15. A, denoting value, price, trans- 
lated, at Diner dirois francs pg.r 
the, to dihe at three franps a.tiead. 

16. A, denoting conformity, trans- 
lated in or after^ A Vinstar ^e 


la capitale, after the maimer of 
the capital. _ ^tre d la mode, to 
be in the fashion. 

17. A denotes the attitude of the 
body, or the motion of any par- 
ticular member, translated on, 
witk. Aller a pied, d cheval, to 
go on foot, to ride on horseback. 
Recevoir d bras ouveris, to re- 
ceive with open arms.-^Locu- 
TiONS. Se Jeter d corps perdu, 
to run headlong. Marcher d 
recubns, to v^alk bacltwards, 

18. A'denotes the instrument, the 
matter, and is translated by with. 
Mesurer d I'aune, to measure 
with an ell, a yard., Tracer au 
crayon, to trace with the pencilp 
— Locution. Peindr^ d VJiuilet 

■ ,to pamt in oil. Joaer aux cartes, 
to play at cards. 

19. A, between two nouns, 
makes the second , serve to de- 
note tlie species or quality of 
the jfirst. Canne d sucre, sugar- 
cane. Vache d lait, milch-cow. 

20. A, between two nouns, de- 
ilotes the form, structure, or 
what is merely accessary to a 
thing. Lit d colonnes, a four- 
post bed. BoUe d double fond, a 
box witli a false bottom. 

21. A, in' tbe same situation, 
points oiit the purpose, the .use. 
Terre d bU, corn land. MarcJd 
d Ja volaille, poultry markc^. 

22. A, when, placed between a 
nourviand an infinitive, the in- 
finitive serves to denote the sort, 
the use of the person or tiling 
expressed' by the noun. MaUre. 
d danser, d ^crire, d chanter, a 
dancing, writing, singing master. 

23. A. in some elliptical phrases 
designates the sign of an inn,. 
etq., as Au Cheval blanc, at the' 
white Horse. 

24. A serves tb point out what is' 
necessary in the use of a machine- 
or of an instrument, Desanne&d- 
feu, fn-e-arms. Bateau d vapev'-f 

25. A, between ,two nouns q^ 
number, signifies, betweer^. aiid 
sometimes about. , Un homme de 





bkT, bat, bise 



^bb, ov^r, 





gimranie d cinquajite ans, a man 
between forty and fifty. — Re- 
mark. We say in French, cinq 
A six Heues, about five or six 
leagues, because they are things 
which may be divided into fi'ac- 
tions ; but we must say cinq ou 
six personnes, five or six persons. 

86. A, before an infinitive, most 
commonly denotes what is proper 
to be done, the merit or demerit 
of persons and things. Un avis a 
suivre, advice worth following. 
Un homme a Hcompenser, a man 
that deserves to be rewarded. 

37. Sometimes when &, comes 
before an infinitive, it signifies 
wherewith, and sometimes the 
verb may be resolved by the in- 
dicative with if, or by a gerund. 
Verser d hoire, to pour out some 
drink. A en jvger par les appa- 
rences, if we may judge by ap- 
pearances. Are d I'abri, to be 
sheltered. Tenir a honneur, to 
reckon it an honour. A son 
compfe, as he reckons. A ce que 

je vols, by what I see, for aught 
I see. Farhr ct tort et a travers, 
to speak at random. 

28. Locutions where d. denotes 
praise, blame. Honneur aux 
braves! honour to the brave! 
Gloire i Dieu ' glory to God ! 

29. Locutions where d denotes an 
appeal, a rapid warning, an im- 
precation, a wish. A moi! d 
nous! au secourit! help! Au 
voleur! thieves! Au fen! fire! 
A I'cau! water! A la garde! 
watch ! Aux armes ! to arms ! 

30. A sometimes also is a redun- 
dancy. Ufaut voir a qui Vaura, 
we must see who shall have it. 

31. A sometimes .serves to form 
adverbial'phrases. A tort, wrong- 
fully. A fa Aa^e, hastily. Agrarid^ 
peine, hardly, with much ado. A 
merveille, admirably well. 

32. A, a kind of interjection 
which signifies as much as: 
pray, don't talk so 1o me, do 
you take me for a dupe ? 

[These are the principal senses 
in which a may be used in ab- 
breviations. Among the ancients, 
it was a numeral letter that stood 
for five fcimdred ; but, with a tit- 
tle or a little horizontal line put 

over, thus: A, it signified five 

A. a.a. is. an abbreviation, used by 
chemists for, amalgamer, amal' 
gamittion and ammgame ; — a a 
\s another abbreviation, used in 
■nreaical prescriptions for ajia, 
signifying eq-ial parts of each 

A. or ace. is used by merchants 
and book-keepers to signify, ac- 
■cepti, and A. P. A protester: In 
'dictionaries and other grammati- 
'cal works, A or a stands for actif 
W. A. or v. a. verbe actif A 
lignifies likewise Altesse, as S. 

A. R. Son Altesse Royale ; S. A. 
E. Son Altesse Electorale; S. 
A. S. Son Altesse Serenissime; 
L. A. Leurs Altesaes. 

A. D. Anno Domini, Van de Notre- 
Seigneur, in the year of our Lord. 

A. M. Anno Mundi, Van dumonde, 
in the year of the world ; or ar- 
Hum magister, maUre'CS-arts, 
master of arts. 

AAM, s. m. (Dutch measure,) aam, 

AAVORA, a.m. (fruit of an Afri- 
can Palm tree,) aavora. 

ABABOUINE, E, adj. becalmed. 

ABACA, (a sort of hemp or flax of 
the West-Indies,) abaca. 

ABACOT, s. m., abacus, a kind of 
writing-table used by the an- 
cients. V. Abaque. — An ancient 
coronet or cap of state worn by 
the English kings. 

ABADIR, s. m. {.Mytli.) ; abadir. 
V. Betyle. 

ABAISSE, a-b4s, s.f., the under 
crust of pastiy. 

ABAISSE, E, part. d'Abaisser, v. 
3., lowered, brought low or 
down ; dejected ; diminished, 
downward, flattened. 

s. m., the lowering, falling, abate- 
ment, depression, humiliation, 

ABAISSER, a.bS-sa, v. a., v. 3., 
to let down, or let fall, to lower; 
to bring low or down, to reduce, 
to bring lower, to lop off, to cut 
o^, to debase, to cry down, to 
abate, to humble. Abaisser de 
la pdte, {cui.) to spread paste. 

s'Abaisser, v. r. v. 3., to fall, to 
decrease, to subside, to abate, to 
decline, to humble one's self, to 

"►ABAISSEUR, a-bS-s^ur, adj. 
(ana) abducent, also s.m. abduc- 
tor, depressor, deprimena. X' — 
de ToBil, the abductor of the eye. 

ABAIT, a-bS, s. m., bait. 

*ABAJOUE, k-hi-zdo, s.f., 
cheek-pouch, in animals. 

ABAJOtfR. V. Abat-jour. 

ABALOURDIR, a-b3i-16fr-Jlr, 
11. a. V. 4., {fam.,) to make dull 
and stupid. 

*ABAm'eES, adj. .^ s.f. pi, a 
group of the family of Liliacene. 

ABANDON, a-ban-don, s. m., 
forsaking, dereliction, depar- 
ture ; relinquishment ; leaving 
things at random ; abandonment, 
the being forsaken, forlornness, 
destitution. E est dans un—gini- 
ral, he is forsaken by every- 
body. Avec ce1r-de vous-meme, 
with that dereliction of yourself. 
Ha fait a ses er^nders f — {jur.) 
de sa terre, he surrendered, ceded 
his estate to his creditors ; cession 
is the more usual word. Un — gra- 
cieux, a graceful ease, easiness. 

A l' ABANDON, adv, at random, in 
confusion, at sixes and sevens. 
Laisser ses enfants A I' — , to ne- 
glect one's children. 

ABANDONNE, E, a-ban-dJ-na, 
v. 3 part, d' Abandonner ; aban- 

doned, given over; forsaken, 
destitute, helpless, friendless, 
forlorn, desolate. 

ABANDONNfi, E, adj., abandoned, 
lost to decency, shameless 
graceless, profligate. 
AsANDONNti, s. m., a profligate, a 
rake ; a dissolute man ; lewd, 
wicked, abandoned fellow. 
AbanjdonnSe, s.f., a lewd loose 
woman, a prostitute. 
d6n-man, s. m. abandonment, 
abandoning, forsaking, defec- 
tion, dereliction, desertion, the 
being forsaken, the giving up 
one's eflfects; leaving, quitting. 
11 a fait un — geniral de tons ses 
biens, he has given up all his 
property. Abandonnement, dis- 
soluteness, debauchery. 

ABANDONNER, a-ban-d5-na, 
V. a. V. 3, to abandon, to quit, to 
leave, to desert, to forsake, to 
give up, to give over. Le mide- 
cin a obarLdonni son malade, the 
physician has given his patient 
over. To give up, to leave one 
the disposal. — tous ses biens d 
ses crdanciers, to give up one's 
whole property to one's creditors. 
Je vous e^ndonne les fruits de 
mon jardin, I leave the fruits of 
my garden at your disposal. To 
fail, to leave. Mes forces m'aban- 
donnent, my strength fails me. 
To deliver up. Nous Vaiandtm- 
nons d votre colere, we deliver 
him up to your resentment. — la 
chasse, to give over the chase. 
— I'oiseau, to let the bird loose. * 

s'Abandonner, v.r. v. 3., to give 
one's self up, to addict one's self, 
to give way to ; to indulge in, to 
commit one's self to, to trust. 
-S' — au hasard, to trust to for- 
tune. To turn a prostitute. To 
despond or be out of heart, or 
be wanting to one's self. B ne 
s^ahandonna. point au disespoir, 
he did not despond ; he was not 
disheartened or cast down. 'To 
be easy, or natural, in one's man- 
ner, or manners. Ne vous roidis- 
sez pas, abandonnez-vous, don't 
be stifl!", let your manner be easy, 
or natural. 

ABANGA, s. m., (fruit of the adv 
palm of St. Thomas,) abanga. 

ABANNATION, a-ban-na-sion, 
"•/; (jur.) exile for a year; aban- 

*ABAQUE, a-bak, s.m., (arcfi.) 
abacus, plinth, the uppermost 
part of the capital of a column 


kii-la-siore, s.f, (ana.) abarticula- 
tion, deartioulation, diartlirosis. 

ABAS, s.m., Persian carat used 
to weigh pearls j abas. 

ABASOURDIR, a-ba-zflor-dlr, 
V. 4., V. a., to stun, to fill with 
consternation, to astound, to 
stupify with a loud noise. Fam. 
in both senses. 

ABASSI, s. m., (an eastern coin,) 
abassi or abas.9is. 

ABATAGE, a-ba-taz, s.m., cut- 
ting down or felling. C'eU k 




field, fig, yin : ibhe, r6b, 16rd, mood, h6od, v6s, mon: bftse, bftt, brum. 

Vacheteur & payer V — , he that 
buys the forest, is to get it clear- 
ed at his own charges. The 
heaving down a ship, careening. 
Slaughtering. Abatage, (JI&c. 
power.) Avec un grand tevieVt on 
a plus d' — qu^avec un petit, with 
a long lever you have a greater 
power than with a short one. 
\BATANT, a-ba-tan, s.m., the 
shutter of a sky-light or trunk- 
light in a shop. The Sap of a 

ABATARDIR, a-bS.-tar-dir,t).o. 
V. 4., to make a thing degene- 
rate; to debase, to corrupt, to 
spoil, to mar, to adulterate. 
b'AbAtardir, v. 4., V. r., to de- 
generate, to grow worse. 
tar-dis-man, s.m. degeneracy. 
ABAT-CHAUVfiE, «./., flock- 

ABATEE, «./., casting or falling 
off to leeward. 

ABATELLEMENT, s. m., {.Com- 
merce of tlie Levani,) abatele- 
ment; a sentence of interdic- 
tion against those who either 
disown their bargains or refuse 
to pay their debts. 
ABAT-FAIM, s. m., a large joint 
or piece of meat. 
ABATIS, a-ba-ti, s. m., houses, 
walls, or trees thrown down, the 
killing of game or other animals, 
the paths made by young wolves 
in the grass, the giblets of a 
goose or duck ; the head, neck, 
wings, gizzard, liver, and legs, 
of a fowl; the head, feet, etc. of 
a lamb. Unetaurted' — , agiblet- 
pie. The garbage, o^l, and 
hide, the stones hewn down in 
a quarry ; raw hides. 
ABAT-JOUR, a-ba-2:6or, s. m., 
sky-light, trunlc-li"ht, window- 
blind, shade for a lamp. Abat- 
jour, an opening under the top 
of the fruit of some poppies. 
Cheek-pouch, in animals. 
ABATOS, s. IB., (a rocS: in the 
Nile.) Abates. 

ABATTEMENT, a-bat-man, s. 
m., faintness, low state, weak- 
ness, prostration, dejection, de- 
spondency, low spirits. Abat- 


abatement. Abattement, flying 
off before. 

ABATTEUR, a-ba-t^ur, s.m., 
one that pulls, beats, throws or 
casts down. Un grand — de bois, 
a great man at nine pins, a 
great dispatcher of business ; a 
mere brag; a great cracker or 

ABA'ITOIR, 5,-ba-twir, s. m. 

ABATTRE, a-batr, v.40.t).o.,to 
throw down, to hurl down, to 
pull down, to beat or batter 
dow^, to bring down, to fell, to 
cut down, to hew down, to cut 
off, to knock down, to blow 
down ; to lay, to let down, — nne 
maison, ' to demolish or pull 
down a house, — UTieforSt, to cut 

down a forest ; to disforest, — du 
hU, cut down or mow corn. R 

dbattrait bien des iktes, he would 

cut many a head off Ije vent 
abatlra h bli, the wind will lay 
the corn. — un rideau, to let u 
curtain down. Abatiez voire 
robe, let your gown hang down. 
Abattre sur le bassin, {hair 
making,) to pull down. Abattre 
lespeaux, [skin-dressing,) to soak. 
— lespeaux, [tanning,) to give the 
finishing wet. Abattre h. cata- 
racte, to couch the cataract. 
Abattre bien du bois, to dis- 
patch a great deal of business. 
La pluie abat la poussikre, the 
rain lays the dust. Fetite pluie 
abat grand vent, a small rain 
lays great dust; fair or flattering 
words will appease an angry per- 
son. Je lui ahaltrai Le coquet, 1 
will silence him. Abattre un 
vaisseaupour le Gardner, to heave 
a ship down, or to careen a ship. 
Vn vaisseau dur a — , a stiff ship. 
— les mats, to carry away the 
masts. Abattre, to waste, to 
bring down, to dispirit, to dis- 
hearten, to unman, to damp, to 
cast down, to depress, to deject. 
U a Voir bien abattu, he looks 
very much dejected. To humble, 
to quell. J^abattrai son orgueil, I 
will humble his pride. 

Abattre, v. n. v. 40. ou Faire son 
abatie, (Mar.,) to fall off to lee- 
ward, or to cast. 

s'Ab-attre, v. r., v. 40. to fall, 
tumble down ; to stoop ; to abate. 
L'oiseau s^dbat, the bird stoops. 
Le vent s^abat, the wind falls. To 
be cast down, dejected, discou- 
raged ; to despond, t» flag. 

ABATTU, E, part. d'Abaitre, v. 
40. et adj. pulled, broke, let, or 
cast down, flattened, &int, 
brought down, drooping, damp- 
ed, downcast, cast down, de- 
pressed, dejected, humbled, 
quelled, crest-fallen. 

ABATTURES, k-hi-ibT,, 
{hunting,) abatures, foiling. 

ABAT-VENT, a-ba-van, s.m., 
penthouse of a steeple; pentice. 

ABAT-VOIX, a-ba-vwsl, s. m., 

ABBATIAL, E, a-bi-sial, adj. 
belonging to the abbot or abbess. 
Droits abbatuiux, abbacy, the 
rights and privileges of an abbot. 

ABBAYE, a-bi-yl, s. /., an 

ABBE, a-bsi, s. m., an abbot, thd 
ruler of an abbey, a clergyman, 
a priest. Un — rigulier, a regular 
abbot. Un — sicuUer ou commen- 
dataire, a lay-abbot or an abbot 
in commendam. Un — de cour, a 
courtly priest. On Vattend comme 
les moinesfont V — , they stay for 
him as one horse does for ano- 
ther. Jauer i V — , to play at a 
sort of game. 

ABBESSE, a-bSa, s./.,an abbess. 

A B C, £l-ba-sa, «. m., the alpha- 
bet, a primer, hornbook. Remet- 
tre quaqu*un d V — , to make one 
begin anew. A b c, the begin- 

ning, rudiments-or grounds of an 

art, a science, etc. 
*ABCfiDER, ab-sa-da, B. n v. 77, 

to form an abscess, to imposthu- 

mate, to unposthume, to suppu. 

ABCKS, S.b^s6, s. m., an abscess, 

an imposthume, a swelling full 

of matter. 
ABDALAS, s.m. pi, abdals, a 

name given by the Persians to 

religious enthusiasts. 
ABDICATION, ib-di-ka-sion, ». 

/"., abdication. Faire.une — deses 

biens, (law term,) to give up one's 

estate, (in old law,) disinheriting. 
ABDIQUER, ab-di-kd, tj.a.,v.3. 

to abdicate. 
♦ABDOMEN, ab-d6-mSn, s. m., 

the abdomen, the lower part of 

the belly. 
♦ABDOMINAL, E, ab-d5-mi- 

nal, adj., abdominal. 
»ABDOMINAUX, ab-dS-ml-nd, 

s. m. pi., (ich.) abdominals. 
*ABDUCTEUR, ab-diik-tSur, .. 

m., (ana.) abductor. 
*Abductedb, a<«.(ana.) abducent. 
•ABDUCTION, ab-diik-slon, ». 

/., (ana.) abduction. 
ABfiCEDAIRE, a-ba-sa-d4r, 

adj. abecedary, abecedarian; an 

Ab^c^daire, s. m., an alphabet, 

a primer. 

ABECQUER, a-bf-ka, v. a. v. 3. 

to feed a bird. 

ABftE, a-ba, s./., a bay or dam. 
ABEILLE, k-bil, s.f., a bee. 

Le bourdonnement des abeUles, 

the hum or buzz of bees. 
ABEL-MOSC, s. m., abelmosk, 

abelmtisk, grana moschata. 
ABENEVIS, s.m, a permission 

granted by the lord of a manor 

to drain rivulets, for watering 

meadows, or for the use of 


pi (ent.) a family of hymenoptera. 
ABEQUER. r. ABECQnEB,.t).77. 

♦ABERRATION, a-bSr-ra-sIon. 

.'./., aberration. L' — des etoiles 

fixes, the aberration of fixed 

stars, (Jig.) aberring, aberration 

aberrance, wandermg. 
ABIETIR, a-b4-tlr, v. a. v. 4., to 

stupify, to make stupid. 
Ab£tir, v. n. s'Ab£tir, v. r. v. 4, 

to grow stupid, 
♦ABHAL, s.m., abhel, savin. 
AB HOC ET AB HAC, at ran- 

dom. Discourir — to talk at ran- 
ABHORRER, a-b6r-ra, v. a. v. 3., 

to abhor, to abominate, to exe- 
crate, to detest, hate, to loathe. 
s'Abhorrer, v. r. v. 3., to abomi- 
nate one 's self, to abhor one's self. 
♦ABIETIN, adj. (bot.) pertaining 

to the fir-tree. 
•ABIETINE, «./. (clam.) a resin 

extracted from the. turpentine of 

Strasburg. '■ 

»ABIETINfiES, adj. ets.fipl. 



hkii bg."t, base, Antique. 

thJre, ebb, ovi5r, jiiiine, rniilte, bSurre, lien : 

(bot.) a section of the family of 

•ABIETJQUE, adj. an acid found 

in the resin of the Pinus abies. 
ABIGEAT, a-bi-za-a, s. m., a 

robbery of flocks or herds. 
ABIME, ^-bim,'5. m., an abyss, 

a gulf, chasm, . Les eaux du 

frtlTid — , the waters of the great 
eep. A thing most abstriise or 
obscure. ABlirtE, the bottomless 
pit — (Bl.) Ihe middle of the 
shield. AbIhe, (caiidlerhajiwg,) 

ABIME,E, i-bi-ms,, part.v. 3, d'- 
A6S»ner,' swallowed up, ingulfed, 
destroyed.-r-(Ze dkites, over head 
and ears in debt; deep in debt. 
— rdixns la douleur, overwhelmed 
with sorrow. 

ABIMER, a-bi-ma, v. a. v. 3, to 
overthrow, to ingulf, to swallow 
lip, to destroy, C^^.,) to destroy 
entirely, to undo, to bring to 
nothing, to cast or throw into 
an abyss, to spoil, to injure. 

Abiivier, v. n. v. 3, ijjg.,) to be 
destroyed, to be swallowed up, 
to sinK ; to perish. 

b'AbJ MER, t). T. V. 3, to fall into 
an abyss, to sink. s'ABfMER, to 
ruiij, or undo one's self. S* — 
dans ses pens^es, to be lost in 
thoiight. s'AbImer, (fam.,) to be 

iijtestate. V. Intestat. 

ABIENS, i. m. pt, {people of 
Scythia,) Abians. 

AB-IRATO, in an angry fit. 

AB-IRRITATION, 5. /., (med.,) 
ab-irritation, diminution of vital 

ABJEfcT, E, kh-zkkt, adj. ab- 
ject, base, mean, low, vile, con- 
temptible, despicable. 
[Alject, after the noun ; in a case 

of emphasis may precede the 

noun : cette aigecie criature.] 

ABJECTION, ab-zfk-sion, s.f., 
abjection, baseness ; humiliation, 
outcast, vileness, meanness. 

ABJURATION, ab-iu-ra-sion, 
sj\, abjuration. 

ABJDRER, ab-2;u-rd, v. a. v. 3., 
to abjure, to deny, to forswear, 
to give up an opinion, to forsake 
an error, renounce. 

•ABLACTATION, ab-lik-ta- 
sIoTi, S.f., ablactation, weaning. 

ABLAIS, a-blS, s. m., corn cut 
down, and lying in the t!.eld. 

*ABLANIEli, a-bla-ni-a, s.m., 
ablania, a tree of Guiana. 

ABLAQUE, 4-blak, adj. ardas- 
ses,. ardassines, a stout Persian 
silk of a fine quality. 

*ABLAQtJfiATION, &b-la-ka- 
&-sio7i, S.f, {hort.,) ablaqueatioh. 

ABLATIF, ,a-bla-tif, S. m„ the 
ablative case. 

'ABLATION, ab-U-slon, s.f. 
{ckir.,) amputation, excision. 

ABLATIVO, (latin,) used only in 
this popular phrase, atlativo tout 
en un las, in confusion. II a mis 
cela ablative tout en un tas, he 
•as-put it higgledy-jjiggledy. ■ I 

jective terminations indicating 
power, the capacity of being and 
of becoming that which is suita- 
ble, capable of doing and of being 

ABLE ouABLETTE.ibl, s.m. 
et f, (a river fish ;) ablet or ab^ 
len. May or bleak. 
ABLEGAT, ab-la-ga, s.m. ab- 

ABXERET, abl-rf, s.m., a hoop- 
net or purse-net. 

ABLUANT, E,'S.-bIu-an, ant, 
adj, abluent, cleansing. 

ABLUER, a-bia-a, v. a. v. 81, to 
wash parchment or paper slight- 
ly with a liquor prepared with 
gall-nuts, to make a writing 
appear again. 

ABLUTION, s.f. ablution, wash- 
ing- . 

ABNEGATION, de soi-mime, s. 
f., self denial, abnegation, renun- 
ciation, sacrifice. 

ABOI, a-bwa, s. m., barking, 

ABOIEMENT, i-bwi-man, s.m., 
barking, baying. 

ABOIS,&-bwi, s.m. pi, bay. Le 
cerf est aux — the stag is at bay. 
Despairing condition, last shift, 
extremity, distress. 11 est ana; — ■ 
he is at his last gasp. 

ABOLI, E, a-b6-li, part. d'Abo- 
lir, abolished. 

ABOLIR, a-b6-llr, v. a. v. 4, to 
abolish, to repeal, to rescind, to 
revoke, to annul, to suppress. 

s' Abolir, v. r. v. 4, to be disused, 
to grow obsolete, to be annihi- 
lated or obliterated. 

ABOLISSABLE, a-b6-lis-abl, 
adj., abolishable. 

ABOLISSEMENT, a-b6-lis- 
man, s. m.. abolishment, abro- 
gation, abolition, extinction. 

ABOLITION, a-b5-li-sion, s.f, 
a,bolition, > suppression, extinc- 
tion, the pardon and full dis- 
charge of a crime. 

s. m., ifma.) {the fourth stomach of 
ruminating animals,) abomasum, 

ABOMINABLE, S-bi-m i-nabl, 
adj., abominable, execrable, de- 
testable, flagitious, atrocious, 
heinous, to be abhorred." 
[Abominable after the noun ; in 

emphatic or passionate style may 

precede the noun; un abomina- 
ble homme, un abominable forfait 1 

mi-nahl-man, adv., abomina- 
bly, detestably, execrably, hei- 

ABOJMINATION, Sl-b6-mi-ni 
sion, s.f, abomination, detesta- 

ABOMINER, a-b6-ml-na, v. a. 
v. 3, to abominate, (pbs.) 

ABONDAMMENT, 1,-bore-da- 
man, adv., abundantly, plenti- 
fully, copiously, lai-gely, pieh- 
teously, fniitfully, amply, fully. 

ABONDANCE, 4-bon-dans, //. 
abundance, plenty, copiousness, 
plenlifiilnr as, plenteousness, ful- 

ness, store, multitude, affluence 
En — . V. Abondamment. la 
come d' — , the cornucopia or 
horn of plenty. Purler d'-^, to 
speak extempore. Abondance. 
[phrase uted at college,) a drink 
made of wine and a great deal 
of water. Abondance, {.myth.,) 
abundantia, plenty. 

ABONDANT, E, a-boK-dan 
dant, adj. v.. abounding, abun 
dant, plentiful, copii.>us; plen 
teous, fruitful, exuberant, fer- 
tile, teeming. 
[Abondant sometimes precedes 

the noun: nne abondante ricolte 

d' Abondant, adv., besides, more- 
over, over and above. D'dbon- 
dam, dit CAcad., a vieilli 1 

ABONDER, a-bo?Mla, v. n. v. 3, 
to abound in, or with, to have 
an abundance of, to be full of; 
to crowd-, to flock, to come m 
crowds, to be plenty or in plen- 
ty, in abundance, to abound, to 
overflow, to chime in with the 
opinion of another, to expatiate^ 
to be fluent in any one's sense. 

ABONNE, E, a-b6-na, pari. 
d'Abonner, v. 3, this also signi- 
fies valued, estimated. 

Abonne, e, s., subscriber. 

ABONNEMENT, a-bJn-man. 
s. m., subscription, agreement, 
composition, commutation, mo- 

ABONNER, a-b6-na, v. a. v. 3 
to siibscribe for. 

s'Abonneb, v. r. v. 3, to sub- 
scribe, to compoimd for, to agree 

*ABONNIR, a-b5-nlr, v. a. v. 4, 
to better, to mend, to improve. 

Aeonnir, s'Abonnir, v. n. et r 
V. 4, to mend, to grow bettor. 
{Cet emploi des deux mots a 
vieilli. Acad.) 

ABONNISSEMENT, a-b5n-nis- 
man, s. m., improvement, ame- 

, lioration. 

ABORD, a-b6r, s. m., access, the 
landing, arrival, coming to, ad- 
mittance, approach. Avoir V — 

facile, to be afl&ble or easy of 
access. De prime abord, at nrst, 
at once. Abord, arrival, landing. 
Abord, resort, store ; (ce sens est 
vieux. Acad.) Vn grand — de 
denries, a great store of all com- 
modities. Abord, attack, onset. 

Abord, adv., aboard, on board. 

D'Abord, De prime aboed, he. 
adv., fii-st, at first, at firet sight. 
D'aeord, tout d'abord, au 


presently, forthwith, out of 
hand, outright, incontinently ; 
slap-dash, (fam.,) as soon as. 
ABORDABLE, a-b6r-dabl, adj., 
accessibIe,accostable, of easy ac- 

[Abordahle always follows its 
ABORDAGE, a-b6r-dM, s.m 

the boarding a ship. Aller a V 

to board a ship. Aboedage, the 

running foul of ships. 
ABORDER, i.b5r^i5, v.n. v. 3. 

to arrive at, to land, to disem- 


field, fig, viM: rfibe, r6b, 16rd, mood, hfiod, vos, mon: bftie, briit, brun. 

bark. Nous aiordames sur k 
siMe, we got ashore On the sand. 
Aborder, to i^soM. 7'ou( le 
monde y aborde, every body re- 
sorts thither AnORDEif, to ap- 
proaoh, to come or go near, to 
bring to, to heave to. 
^BORDER, V. a. V. 3, to come near, 
to come to, to come up with. 
— u?i vaisseau, to come up witli 
a siiip; to run alongside. Abor- 
der un vaisneaii, ennemi, to 
board an enemy's ship. Abor- 
der, to fall aboard of, to run 
foul of. Aborder, to accost one, 
to come up to him. Aborder, 
to charge. Aborder, , ^fg.,) to 
handle, to hint at. 
s' Aborder, v. t. v. 3, to run foul 
of each other, to accost each 
other, to come up with one an- 

ABORDEUR <>. m. (.Mar.,) boar- 

ABORIGENES, a.-b5-ri-2*n, ». 
m. pi., aborigines. 
ABORNEMENT, a-b5ra-man, s. 
m., the fixing of the bounds. {11 
ameiUi; on Sit Bornace. Acad.) 
ABORNER, a.-b6r-na, v. a. v. 3, 
to bound, to fix the boundaries 
of land. (R a vieilU ; on dit BoR- 
ner. Acad.) 

ABORTI-F, VE, a;-b6r-tif, tiv, 
adj., abortive, untimely, born be- 
fore its time, Fruil-^, untimely 

Abortif, s. m. ( juT.,) an abortive 

S'ABOSIR, «... V. 4, to grow 
ABOT, a-b&, s. m., tether. 
s. m., interview, conference, par- 
ley. {Rvieillii. Acad.) *Abouche- 
MENT, {anu. and arts,) the junc- 
tion of the orifice of two vessels, 
or of two tubes, anastomosis, in- 
osculation, confiux. ' 
ABOUCHER, a-boo-sha, w. a.v. 
3, to bring together, 
a'A BOUCHER, v. r. v. 3, to have an 
interview, to spealt With, to talk 
to, to confer with, i 
ABOUGRI. V. R.4B0UGRr, v. 4. 
s. m. V. About. 

.ABOUQUEMENT, a-b&ok-man 
s. m., (in salt works,) the adding 
of fresh salt. 

ABOUQUER, a-b6o-k^i v. a. v. 3, 
(in salt uiorJis,) to add fresh salt 
to an old heap. 

ABOUT, a-bao, s. m., a bevel- 
led piece of wood ; bul^end of a 

ABOUTEMENT, a-bflot-man, s. 
m., but, abutment. 
ABOUTIR, a-bAo-tlr, i>. n. v.4, 
to join, to lead into, to border 
upon, to meet, to be bounded. 
*Aboutir. (cltir.,) to burst, to 
break. Faire — un abces, to 
bring an abscess to a head. 
s'Aboutir, to bud or bet covered 
\f ith buds. Abod.tir, to aim at, 
to drive at, to end in, to come to. 
Tout ceh n'abonlira a Hkn, all 
•hat will come to nothing. , 

ABOUTISSANT, E, S.-bflo-ti- 
san, sant, adj. v., bordering 
upon, joining. 

Aboutissants, a-b6o-ti-san, a.m. 
ends and sides of a thing, par- 
ticulars, or details of a thing. 

ABOUTISSEMENT, a-b5o-tis- 
man,s. ni.,an eking piece. 

*Aboutissement, s. m. (chir.) the 
drawing to a head, suppuration. 
(It meitkt. Acad.) 

ABOVO, adv. (latin,) from the 

ABOYANT, E, a-bwa-yan, 
yant, (kZ/. v., barking, baying. 
Des chiens — s, barking dogs. 

ABOYE, E, a-bwa-y^, part. 
d'Ahoyer, barked, -^par ses cr^ 
anciers, dunned by his creditors. 

ABOYER, a-bwa-ya, B.n. v.72, 
(fg-) to bark, to bay, to yelp. H 
aboie aprh tout le monde, he 
snarls at every body. — le pre- 
Tnier, to cry thief first. Aboyeb, 
to gape after a thing. 

ABOYEUR, a-bw5.-yeur, s. m., 

' a barker. Criancier — , a dun, 
Criticaie — , a snarling critic. 

*ABOYEUSE, s.f. the Scolopax 
glottis, is so called. 

ABR.ACADABRA, &-bra-ka-da- 
bra, s. m., abracadabra, abraxas. 

*ABRANCHES, s. m.pi F. An- 


ABRAQUER, v.a. v. 3, to haul. 


♦ABRASION, s.f. abrasion , (med.) 
excoriation, ulceration of tlie 
■ skin. 

ABRAXAS, s. m. V. Abracada- 

ABREGE, E, part, d'Ahriger, v. 
• 79, abridged, abbreviated, adj., 
short, sumnvary. 

Abrege. a-bra-za, s.-yn., an 
abridgment, a compendium, an 

.epitome, abstract, sumniary. 

En ABREGE, adv. compendiously, 
in few words. 'Reduire en — , to 

ABREGEMENT, s.m., abridg- 
ment, abridging, shortening 

ABREGER, a-bra-zi, v. a. et n. 
V. 79, to abridge, to shorten, to 
epitomize, to abbreviate, to con- 
tract, to cut short. Pour — dojw, 
etc., to be short then. etc. 

ABREUVE, E, part. d'Atreuver. 
Un cwur abrettv^ de Jiel et de 
haine, a spiteful and slanderous 

ABREUVER, a-br6u~va, v. a. 
V. 3, to water, to give drink to. 
Abreuver, (jam.) to give drink, 
to make drink. Abreuver, to 
soak, to drench. Abreuver des 
tonneaux, des cuves, to soak bar- 
rels, tubs. — un vaisseau, (mar.) 
to put water into a new ship's 
hold while on the stocks, in 
order to know whether she is 
leaky. Abreuver. (fuelqu'un de 
chagrins, to steep in grief. De 
sang, to steep m blood, v. 3. 
Abiieuver, to inform, to spread 
a report. Abreuver, (varnish- 
ing,) to prime, to soak. 

s' Abreuver, v. r. v. 3, to drink, to 

drink plentifully. S' — de Sang, 

to drink deep of blood, to wade 

in blood, to steep one's hands in 

ABREUVOIR, a-br4u-vwEir., s. 

m., a watering-place, ' a horse- 
pond.— a moiiclies, a great bloody 

gash or wound. ■ 

ABREVIATEUR, a-bra-vi-a- 
tfeur, s. m., an abbreviator, 
abridger, epitomizBr. 

ABREVIATI-F, VE, a-bra-vl- 
a-tif, tlv, adj. abbreviative, 
serving to abridge. 

ABREVIATION, , a-b^a-vi-a- 
sio7i, S.f., an, abbreviation, bre- 
viature, contraction. 

ABREVIER, V. a. ». 3, (ofe) V. 

ABREYER, a-bra-ya, v. a. v. 80, 
to shelter, to put under cover. 

ABRl, a-bri, s. m., a shelter, a 
cover, covert, screen, shade, 
sanctuary. J£tre sous V — de la fa- 
veur, to be protected by the great 

A 1,' ABRl,. adv. etprip., sheltered, 
under cover. JSire A V — •, to be 
under shelter. A l'abri, (mar.) 

ABRICOT, a-bri-kf), s. m., apri- 
cot or apricock. Vne compote 
d'ahricots, stewed apricots. 

ABRICOTE, a-bri-c6-ta, s.m., 
candied apricot. 

ABRICOTIER, a-briTk6-ti-a, ». 
m., an apricot-tree. 

ABRITER, a-bri-ta, v. a. v. 3, 
(Hort.), k) shade or, shelter, to 
screen. Arbiter (mar.), to be- 
calm, to lock. 

ABRITE, E, adj. v. 3, sheltered. 

ABRIVE ! (mar.), pull away ! Ca- 
notaIjrivd,a boat which has fresh 
way through the water, after the 
men have ceased rovvmg. 

ABRIVENT, a-bri-van, s. m., a 
mat, used to protect plants, etc., 
against the wind. 

ABROGATION, a-brO-ga-sion, 
s.f. abrogation, repeal; repeal- 
ing, annulling, abolistiing. 

ABROGER, a-br5-za, v. a. v. 79, 
to abrogate, to repeal, to annul, 
to make void to set aside. 

s'Abroger, v. r., to fall into dis- 
use, to grow obsolete. 

*ABROTANOiDE, s. m., a spe- 
cies of perforated coral, abrota- 

*ABROTONE male, s. m. abrota- 
num, southern-wood. 
femelle, s.f. santolina. 

ABROUTI, E, a-brAo-(!,a(?;.(/o- 
res'pys term,) nipped, brows?d. 

tis-man, s. m., damage done to 
trees by cattle browsing. 

ABRUPT, E. adj. V. Brusque. 

•*ABRUPTI-PENNE, adj. (bof) 
abruptly pinnate. 

ABRUPTION, 4b-rup-sion, s. / 
(Chir.) abruption, rupture, frac- 

ABRUPTO (EX), loc. laf., sml 
dcniy, bluntly, out of hand. Fx 
orde ex abrupto, a rapid and inj 
passioned exordium; 





bir, bat, 




^bb, OV&, j^une 




'ABRUS, « /. wild-liquorice, 

abrus, glycine, Angola-seed. 
ABRUTIR, a-brii-tlr, v. a. v, 4, to 

stupify, to besot; to make one 

stupid, dull, heavy, brutish. 
s'Abeutik, 1). r. V. 4, to be stupi- 

fied, to become or to grow stupid, 

to be besotted. 
ABRUTISSEMENT, a-brii-tis- 

man, s. m. brutiahness, .stupor. 
*ABSCiaiON, ab-si-sion, s. f. 

ifihir.) abscision, or excision of a 

soft part of the body. 
*ABSCISSE, ab-sis, s.f. igeom.) 

ABSENCE, ab-sans, s.f. absence, 
the being away or absent. Ab- 
sence d'emrit, absence, absence 
of mind, heedlessness, want of 

ABSENT, E, ab-san, sant, adj. 
absent, out of the way, missing, 
wanting, wandering. 

Absent, s. m. one that is absent 
an absentee. 
[Absent always placed after the 


S'ABSENTER, sab-san-ta, v. r. 
V. 3, to be absent, not to come, to 
absent one's self, to go away, to 
withdraw, to keep out of the 

ABSIDE, ab-sid, «./. vault, arch, 

ABSINTHE, ab-sint, s.m. worm- 
wood. Du vin d' — , wormwood- 
wine, purl. Vin sec avec de I — , 
purl-royal. Biire d' — , purl. 

ABSINTHE, E, ab-si/i-ta, adj. 
imbued with or containing worm- 

*Absinthate, s. m. ichim.) ab- 

*Ji.BsiNTHiNE, s.f. {cMm.) the bit- 
ter principle of wormwood 

*ABSiNTHiauE, adj. (ckim.) absin- 
thic (acid.) 

ABSOLU, E, ab-s5-lu, 1&, adj. 
absolute, arbitrary, despotical, 
sovereign, unlimited, imperious, 
peremptory, magisterial, dogma- 
tical, unconditional. Le jeudi 
— Maunday Thursday. 
[Ahsolu may, in certain cases, 

precede the noun : eel absolu pou- 

voir. See Adjectif.] 

ABSOLUMENT, ab-s5-lu-man, 
adv. absolutely, arbitrarily, im- 
periously, peremptorily, by all 

, means,needs, positively, wholly, 
altogether, entirely, quite, utter- 
ly, indispensably. — passe, pretcr- 
perfect. Absolument paiil.4nt, 
in the main, in general. 
[Absoliwieiit may be placed be- 
tween the auxiliary and the verb.] 

ABSOLUTION, ab-s6-lu-slon, s. 
f. (Jur.) an acquital, acquitment, 
adischarge. Absolution, (theol.) 
the absolution or forgiveness of 

ABSOLUTISME, ab-s6-li5-tism, 
s. 771. an absolute government. 

ABSOLUTISTE, ab-s6-lu-tist, s. 
partisan of absolute power. 

ABSOLUTOIRE, ab-s6-Iii-twir, 
adj. (.7ur.) absolutory, absolva- 

-ABSORBANT, E, ab-s5r-ban. 

bant, s. m. el adj. (tned.) absor- 
[Ahsorbant always after the 


ABSbRBE, E, part. v. 3, d'Ab- 
sorber ; absorbed ; ifg.) absorbed, 
drowned, rapt. 

ABSORBER, ab-s4r-ba; v. a. v. 3, 
to absorb, to swallow up, to 
drown, to consume, to waste, to 
occupy entirely, to take up. 

s' Absorber, v. r. v. 3, to be ab- 
sorbed or swallowed up. 

ABSORPTION, a b-56rp-slo7i, s.f. 

ABSOUDRE, ab-s6odr, v. a. v. 64, 
(not used in the preterite,) to ab- 
solve, to acquit, to qiiit, to dis- 

' charge, to bring in not guilty, to 
clear, to justify. Aesoudke, to 
give absolution. 

ABSOU-S, TE, part. d'Absoudre ; 
V. 64, acquitted, absolved, dis- 

ABSOUTE, ab-s6ot, s.f. (in the 
church of Rome), the absolution. 

ABSTEME, abs-tSm, adj. et s. m. 
abstemious, an abstemious per- 

S'ABSTENIR, sibs-t^-n!r, v. r. 
V. 21, to abstain, to refrain from, 
to forbear, to keep one's self from, 
to abstain from, to forego. 

ABSTENTION, ab-stan-sIo77, s. 
/. (jar^) abstention, refusal of an 

ABSTERGENT, abs-ter-zan, s. 
m. (med.) abstergent. 

■^Abstergent, e, adj. {med.) ab- 
stergent, cleansing. 

ABSTERGER, abs-ter-2a,i),a. v. 
79, (med.) to absterge, to cleanse. 

*ABSTERSI-F, VE, abs-tir-sif, 
slv, adj. e.l s. m. (med.) abstersive, 

♦ABS'TERSION, abs-t4r-sion, s. 
f. {chir.) abstersion. 

ABS-l'INENCE, abs-tl-nans, s.f. 
abstinence,temperance, sobriety. 
Jour d' — , a day of abstinence, a 
meagre or fish-day (in opposition 
to a flesh or meat-day.) 

ABSTINENT, E, abs-ti-nan, 
nant, adj. abstemious, sober. 
[Abstinent always follows its 

noun.] ' 

ABSTRACTI-F, VE, abs-trak- 
tlf, tly, adj. (logic,) abstract, ab- 
stractive, what serves to express 
abstract ideas. 

ABSTRACTION, abs-trak-sioTj, 
s.f abstraction, absence of mind. 

Par abstraction, adv. abstract- 

trak-tlv-man, adv. abstractedly, 

[Abstraclivemcnt generally fol- 
lows the verb.] 

ABSTR AIRE, Sibs-trSr, t!.n. v. 68, 
to abstract. 

ABSTRAIT, E, 5bs-trS, tr^t, 
part. adj. v. 68, d'Abstraire, ab- 
stracted, abstract. It is abo a 
substantive. L' — eilecnncret, an 
abstract term and a concrete 
term. Abstrait, abstract, ab- 
struse, inattentive, absent, absent 
of mind. 

[Abstruil always after tne noun.J 

ABSTRAITEMENT, iibs-tr4t- 
man, adv. abstractly, abstract- 

ABSTRUS, E, abs-tril, trftz, adi 
abstruse, intricate, dilHcult, dark, 

ABSURDE, ab-siird, adj. absurd, 
poiisensical, foolish, unreasona- 
ble, irrational, impertinent, 
senseless, , preposterous. 

Absdhde, s. m. absurdity. Ri- 
duire un homme a I'absurde, to 
drive a man to absurdity. 

adv. absurdly, nonsensically. 

ABSURDlTE, ab-sfir-di-tsi, s.f 
absurdity, nonsense, nonsensi- 
calness, preposterousness, sense- 
lessness, foolishness. 

ABUS, a-bfi , s. 77Z. an abuse, mis- 
usage, miseroployment, the mis- 
using (of a thing), a grievance 
Ajxpel comme d' — (jur.) an ap- 
peal from the ecclesiastical court 
to the civil (for exceeding its ju- 
risdiction). Appeler comme d' — , 
to bring a writ of error. Abus, 
a disorder, abuse. — de la lilerti, 
license, licentiousness. Abus, 
an error, a mistake. C'esl un — , 
it is a mistake. Abus, a cheat, 
a deceit, untruth. Le monde 
rCest ou' — , the world is nothing 
but cheat. Abus, a thing to no 

ABUSER, a-bii-za, v. n. v. 3, to 
abuse, to misuse, to use ill, to 
make a bad use of, to put to a 
wrong use, to misemploy. — de 
lapatiencedequelqu'un, to abuse, 
to wear out a man's patience ; 
(fam.) to ride a free horse to 
death. Abuser, d'une Jille, to 
seduce, to debauch a girl.— dcs 
garfons, to follow unnatural lust. 
Abuser de VEcriture, to mis- 
construe or misapply the Scrip- 

Abuser, v. a. v. 3, to cheat, to de- 
ceive, to delude, to mislead, to 
cozen i If am.) to gull. Abuser 
une file, to debauch, to ruin a 

s' Abuser, v. t. v. 3, to mistake, to 
be mistaken. 

ABUSEUR, a-bil-z«ur, s. m. 
(fam.) a cheat, a deceiver, an 

ABUSI-P, VE, 5.-bil-zif, ziv. adj. 
abusive, improper, against right 
use. Jugement—, procidure abu- 
sive, (jur.) an error in pleading 
or in the process. Mot pris dans 
un sens — , a word misused or 
used improperly or in an impro- 
per sense. 

ABUSIVEIMENT, i-bii-zlv-min 
adv. abusively, improperly, 
against right use. 

ABUTER, 4-b4-ta, V. 3, (in nine- 
pins,) to throw who shall go first. 
Aeuter, to abut. 

*ABUTILON, s. m. abutilon, a 
sort of marshmallow. 

ABYME, .•i.m. K AbIme. 

ABYMER, V. a. v, 3, V. Abimer. 

AC, ACE, French terminations 




field, fig, vi»; r6be, r6b, lord, m6od, h6od, v&s, mori: bise, bit, hnin. 

expressing fixity, tenacity, stabi- 
lity, habit, constancy, tenacity, 

ACABIT, a-ka-bi, s.m. the good 
or bad taste or quality of fruits 
or pulse. (It is sometimes said 
ftg. and fam. of persons.) Ce sont 
gens de meme — , they are people 
of the same stamp. 

•ACACALIS, s. m. acacalis, sili- 
qua silvestris, wild carob. 

".\CACIA, a-ka-sl-a, s. m. {hot.) 
4uacia, lignum vitae. Acacia, 
(faux) Locust, {Robinm.) Sue 
d'acacia, gum arable. 

iCADEMICIEN, a-ka-da-ml- 
siSn, s. m. an academic, an aca- 
demician, a fellow of a learned 

ACADENHE, a-ka-da-ml, s. /. 
an academy, a society of learned 
men, university. — royaJedemu- 
sique, the great Opera at Paris 
AcADEMiE, riding-school, riding- 
house. (A Iso taken for the scho- 
lars,) pupils, school. Faire son 
— , to learn to ride. AcadSmie, 
a gaming-table or house. Tenir 
— , to keep a gaming-house. AcA- 
D^iaiF., (in paintivg,) cast. Aca- 
demies ou pieces d' — , casts. 

ACADEMIQUE, a-ka-da-mik, 
adj. academic, academical. 

da-mik-man,a<2v. after the man- 
ner of the academicians, acade- 

ACADEMISTE, a-ka-da-mlst, 
s. m. an academist, pupil. Voild 
un jeune — qui se ticTU Men a 
cheval, this young pupil sits well 
onhorseback. F. AcadSmicien. 

S'ACAGNARDER, sa-ka-gnir- 
da, ti. r. V. 3, to grow slothful; 
to sit sotting, to be besotted. H 
s^acagnarde au cabaret, he sits 
sotting in an alehouse. Aca- 
gnardek. (t). a. to) make one 
grow slothful. 

ACADIE, s. /. Acadia, Nova 

'ACAJA, s.m. spondias,hog-plum. 

*ACAJOU, a-ka-300, s. m. maho- 
gany, acajou, cashew-nut tree. 
— li pommes, cassuvium. 

*ACALEPHES, adj. el s. m pi 
a class of the animal kingdom ; 

*ACALICAL, adj. {hot.) insertion 
of stamens not adhering to the 

*ACALICIN, adj. {hot.) without 

*ACALYPHEES, adj. et s. /. pi. 
{hot.) a tribe of Euphorbiacete. 

ACAMBOU, s. m. Acambou. 

*AQAMPSIE, s.f. {med.) inflexi- 
bility, rigidity. 

*ACAMPTOSOMES, adj.el s. m. 
pi. {mot.) an order of cirripedes. 

*ACANACE, E, a-ka-na-sa, ou 
plulot CANTHACE, adj. {hot.) 
acanaceous ; a name given to the 

ACANE, s. m. {Guinea,) Aeanny. 

*ACANTHABOLE, s. m. {cMr.) 
acanthabolus, a kind of forceps. 

*ACANTHACEES, adj. et s.f. pi 
(fiot.) a tribe of plants. 

*ACA]NTHEGS, {hoi.) a 

tribe of plants. 
*ACA]NTHES, s. /. pi {hot.) a 

tribe of plants. 

URSINE, s.f. the acanthus or 

*ACANTHIDES, adj. et s. m. pi 

{ent.) a lamily of hemiptera. 

fossil teeth of the squalus acan- 

*ACANTHIURE, adj. an animal 

whose tail is armed with spines. 
*ACANTHOCARPE, adj. fruits 

armed with spines. 

s. m. pi {annet) a family of ento- 

ACANTHOCLADES, adj. {lot.) 

having spinous branches. 
*ACANTHOiDES, adj. et s.f. pi 

V. Acanthacees. 
*ACANTHOPHORE, adj. {hot.) 

having numerous spines. 
*ACANTHOPODE, adj. {hot) 

having very spinous petioles. 
*ACA]VTH6P0DES, adj. et s. m. 

pi. {ent.) a tribe of ooleoptera. 
*ACANTH0P0MES, adj. et s. m. 

pi. {ich.) a family of fishes. 
*ACANTHOPS, adj. having the 

eye surrounded with spines. 
*ACANTHOPTERE, adj. a shell 

whose edge has spinous varices. 
*ACANTHOPTER£S, adj. et s. 

m. pi. {ich.) a family of fishes. 

fish having prickly spinous pro- 
cesses ^n the dorsal fins. 

et s. m. pi (icA.)an order of fishes. 
*ACANTHORHINES, adj. et s.m. 

pi {ixJt.) a family of fishes. 
ACAPULCO, s. m. Acapulco. 
*ACARA, s.f. (name of many fish 

of Brazil.) Acara. 
*ACARDE, adj. valve of a shell 

without a hinge ; foetus without 

a heart. 
*ACARDIE, s.f. condition of a 

fostus'without a heart. 
*ACARES, s. m. pi a tribe of mi- 
nute animals belonging to the 

ariiculata of Cuvier, 
ACARIATRE, a-ka-ri-atr, adj. 

crabbed, cross-grained, waspish, 

shrewish, scolding 
*ACARIC ABA, s.f. (plant of Bra- 

ziL) Acaricaba. 
*AC;ARIDES, adj. et a 

family of acari ; alsoofarachnidoe. 
*ACARIDIES. v. Acarides. 
*ACARINS. v. Acabides. 

(species of monkey of Cayenne.) 

ACARNANIE, s.f. Acamania. 

*ACARNE ou ACAMANE, s. m. 
acaman, a sea-fish like a roach, 
but white. It signifies likewise 
a kind of thistle with large yel- 
low flowers. 

LECTIQUE, adj. {poetry,) aca- 

ACATALEPSIE, a-ka-ta-lJp-si, 
s.f. acatalepsy, acatalepsis. 

*ACATAPOSE, 5./. {med.) inabi- 
lity to swallow. 

*ACATI-IARSIE, s.f. {med.) im- 
purity of the blood ; acatharsia. 

*ACAULE, adj. a plant without 

*ACAWERIA, s. m. {hot.) red- 
flowered ophyoxvlum. 

ACCABLANT, "E, 4-ka-blan, 
blant, adj. heavy, very heavy. 
(Usually fg.) grievous, oppres- 
sive, unsmierable, insupportable, 
overwhelming ; troublesome, an- 

ACCABLE, E, part. d'Accahler, 
V. 3, oppressed, borne down, 
overwhelmed, overburdened; 
over-worn, spent, spent out. 

ACCABLEMENT, a-kabl-man, 
5. m. heaviness, grieii dejection 
of spirits, oppression, discourage- 
ment. *AccABLEMENT depoaZs; 
{Tned.) an irregular beating of the 
pulse upon the coming of an 
ague fit. A CCA BLEMENT, exces- 
sive load. 

ACCABLER, a-ka-bla, ».a. v.3, 
to crush, to bear down, to over- 
whelm, to throw dowii, to weigh 
down, to press down; to over- 
load, to overcharge, to overbur- 
den; to fag, to overdo, to over- 
power, to overply; to afllict, to 
deject, tx) oppress, to subdue ; to 
load with, to heap on. IJ — 
d'Jionneurs, to load him with ho- 
nours. Xe sommeil m'accahle, I 
am very heavy with sleep. Les 
affaires VaccahlenI, he sinks under 
the load of business. s'Acca- 
BLER de travail to overwork or 
to overdo one's self. 

ACCALIA, s. m. pi (festivals in 
honour of Acca Laurentia, nurse 
of Romulus,) Accalia. 

ACCALMIE, s/ F. Calmie. 

man, s. m. a monopoly, engross- 
ment, forestalling, the engross- 
ing of commodities. 

ACCAPARER, a-ka-pa-ra, v. a. 
V. 3, to engross, to monopolize, 
to forestall, {fig. and fam.)— les 
voix, les suffrages, to secure, to 
anticipate tile vote's or sufirages. 

ACCAPAREU-R, SE, J-ka-pa- 
r'Sur, r^us, s. m. etf. monopolist, 
engrosser, forestaller. 



ACCASTILLAGE, a-kas-tl-Ziz, 
au plutbt ENCASTILLAGE, s 
m. {mar.) upper-works ; the quar- 
ter-deck, the poop, the forecastle, 
and the hindcastle of a ship. 
Vaisseau qui a V — ras, a strait- 
sheered ship, or a ship whose 
upper-works are low. 

ACCASTILLE, a-kas-ti-ia, adj. 
is said of a ship which has a fore 
and a hindcastle. liaut — , deep 

m. (an African bird), accaviac. 

ACCEDER, ak-sa-dd, ». 71. v. 77, 
to accede, to agree to. 

"ACCELERATEUR, s.m. {am \ 




bar, bat, bdse, antique 

thfire, fibb, ov^r, j^une, mfiute, b^urre, li^n: 

sd-la-ra-t4ur, tris, adj. increas- 
ing, accelerating. 
ACCELERATION, ak-sa-la-ra- 
siora, s /. acceleration, hastening, 

ACCELERE, E, ak-sd-ld-ra, 
flrfy. accelerated, quickened. Pas 
— , quick march, quick step, 
quick time. Roulage — , flywagon. 
ACCELERJER, ik-sa-la-rd, v.a. 
V. 77. to accelerate, to quicken, 
to forward, to hasten 
ACCENSES, a. m. pi. (a kind of 
criers among the Romans; and 
supernumerary soldiers in the 
Roman armies,) accensi. 
ACCENT, ak-san, s. m. accent, 
stress of the voice, tone, pronun- 
ciation. — TiasUlard, mauvais — , 
twang. De tristcs accents, des 
accents plaintifs, mournful cries. 
Accent, an accent. My a trms 
accents: I'aigu ('), le grave C)> 
et le circoTijlexe ("), there are 
three accents, the ' acute, the 
grave, and the circumflex. 

ACCENTUATION, ak-san-tu- 
a-sion, s.f. accentuation. 

ACCENTUE, E, adj. et part 
V. 81, d'Accentuer, accented, ac- 

ACCENTUER, ik-san-ti-d, v. 
a. V. 81, to accent, to accentuate, 
to mark with an accent. 

ACCEPTABLE, ak-s4p-t&-bl, 
adi. acceptable, worth accepting. 
(This adjective is more generally 
used negatively : n'etre pas ac- 
[Acceptable always follows the 


ACCEPT ANT, E, s. m. et f. ac- 

ACCEPTATION, ak-sSp-ti-sion 
s.f. acceptance, accepting, (in 
Banking,) acceptance. Livre des 
acceptatinns, bill-book. 

to accept, 10 receive. Ne pas — , 
to refuse, to reject, 

ACCEPTEUR, ak-s^p-tSur, s.f. 
{comm.) the accepter. Le tireur, 
V — d.'une lettre de change, the 
drawer, the accepter of a bill of 

ACCEPTILATION, ak-s^p-ti- 
la-sion, s.f. {jur.) acceptilation, 
the remitting of a debt without 

ACCEPTION, 5,k-sSp-sion, s.f. 
respect, regard ; used almost on- 
ly in phrases such as this. Ren- 
are justice sans — de .personnes, 
to do justice without respect to 
persons, Acoeption, (gram.) ac- 

ACCES, ak-s4, s. m. access, ap- 
proach, admittance. V. Abor- 
DER,, Avoir — dans vne maison, 
to be admitted into a house. 

*Acct:s, {.med.) a fit, access. Vn 
— de f^vre, a fit of an ague. 
Accfts, fit, paroxysfn. — defrini- 
eie, fit of frenzy. Acc)5S, an af- 
ter or second election, when no 
cardinal has the requisite num- 
oer of votes for the papacy. 

ACCESSIBLE, &k-s4-sibl, adj. 
accessible, approachable, easy to 
come at. 

[Accessible after the noun.J 
ACCESSION, ak-sS-sioK, s. f. 
ijur.) accession. Le jnge a or- 
donni une — de lieu, the judge 
has ordered that the place shall 
be visited (for information). — 
Accession, access, entry. Ac- 
cession, accession, adhesion, ac- 
ceding to a treaty, etc, 
ACCESSIT, ak-s4-sit, s. m. (uni- 
versity term), the second best 
ACCESSOIRE, kksi-sv/kr, adj. 
accessory, additional. 
AccEssoiRE,s,m. accessory. *Ac- 
CESsoiRES, (ana.) accessories, ac- 
cessory nerves. 
[Accessoire follows the noun.] 
ACCIDENT, ak-si-dan, s. m. an 
accident, adventure, incident, 
casualty, occurrence.— /^ciewa;, 
infortune, misadventure, ill-for- 
tune, unfortunate occurrence. — 
fortuit, fatality, mischance, mis- 
fortune. Accident (.pliil.) an 
accidental. Accident -(.med.) a 
symptom. Accidents defc^ni^re, 
(pairUing) incidental or accident- 
al light. Accidents, (mus.), inci- 
dental flats and sharps. Acci- 
dents de terrain, irregularities 
of ground. 
Par accident, adv. accidentally. 
ACCIDENTE, E, ak-si-dan-ta, 
adj. rough, uneven, unequal, 
ACCIDENTEL, LE, ik-si-dan- 
th\,adj. accidental, adventitious, 
incidental, fortuitous, eventual, 
occasional, casual. 
[Accideniel always follows the 

si-dan-tSl-man, adi. accidental- 
ly, by chance. 

[Accidentellement may be placed 
between the auxiliary and the 
*ACCIOCA, s./. (plant of Peru), 

*ACCIPITRES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(orn.) an order of birds. 
NACEES, adj. et s. m. pi. {prn.) 
a fiimily of acoipitres. 
*ACCIPITRIN, adj. having rela- 
tion to birds of prey. 
*ACCIPITRINS, adj. et s. m. 
torn.) a family of aocipitres. 
ACCISE, ak-slz, s.f. excise. 
ACCLAMATEUR, a-kla-ma- 

tSur, s. m. applauder, shouter 
ACCLAMATION, a-kla-ma- 
sioTi, s. f. acclamation, shoul, 
shouting, huzza. Par acclama- 
tion, by acclamation. 
ACCLAMPER, &-klan-pd, v. a. 
V. Z,(rnar.) to clamp, to strengthen 
a mast or a yard with clamps, 
fishes or cheeks. 
ACCLIMATE, E, part. d'AccU- 

maier ; v. 3, acclimated. 
ACCLIMATER, ak-li-ma-ta, v. 
a. V. 3, to inure to a new cli- 

s'Acclimater, v. r. v. 3, to be- 
come inured to a new climate. 
*ACCLINE, adj. inclined, slop- 
ACCOINTANCE, a-kwin-tans. 
s. f. (Jam.) conversation, ac- 
quaintance, commerce. 
(med.) the stilling or subsiding of 
the humours. 
ACCOISER, a-kwi-sa, v.a. v. 3, 
(rned.) to still, to settle.— ?a sidi- 
tion, to quell sedition. La tempUe 
s'accoisa, the storm ceased or 
ACCOLADE, a-korlad, s. f. a 
hug, clipping and colling, em- 
bracing, accolade. Donner V — 
(a un ojicier, a un chevalier), to 
embrace, to dub a knight. Ac- 
colade (cuis.), a couple. Servir 
une — de lapereaux, to serve a 
couple of young rabbits in one 
dish. Accolade (■.^v-^) brace. 
Accolade (H.) acoUee. 
ACCOLE, E, part. v. 3, and adj. 
Les ^cus sont accoUs, the escut- 
cheons are joined together. 
ACCOLER, a-k6-H, v. a. v. 3, to 
hug, to embrace; (fam.) to clip 
and coll. Accoler la vigne, to 
tie the vine to its prop. Accoler 
des lapereaux, to put a couple ol 
rabbits on the spit together, tc 
serve up two rabbits together. 
Accoler deux ou plusieurs arti- 
cles dans un compie, to put two 
articles or sums in a reckoning. 
*ACC0MBANT, adj. (hot.) laying 
close to. 

dabl, adj. that may be settled, 
accommodated, or brought to an 
[Accommodahle after the noun ] 
ACCOMMODAGE, a-k6-m6-daz 
s. m. the dressing of meat, cook- 
ing. AccoMMODAGE, (ung-mak- 
ing), dressing. 
ACCOMMODANT, E, a-k6-m6- 
dan, dant, adj. accommodating, 
complying, pliable, flexible, easy, 
complaisant, courteous. 
[Accommodant always follows 
the noun.] 

ACCOMMODE, ¥.,part.d' Accom. 
moder, v. 3, fitted up, adjusted, 
(with a head dress,) adjusted, in 
easy circumstances, well to do 
in the world. &trangemcnt ac- 
commodi, in a fine piclde. 
mfid-man, s. m. accommodation, 
a conveniency, a convenient al- 
teration. (In this sense it has 
grown obsolete.) Accommode- 
ment, an accommodation, ao-ree- 
ment, composition ; accommoda- 
tion, the adjusting or making up 
(of aquarrel), reconciliation. Ac- 
commode.ment, a way, a method, 
a medium. 
ACCOMMODER, a.-kb-mb-Ai,v 
a. V. 3, to fit up, to make fit, to 
adapt, to accommodate, to fur- 
nish, to fit, to make up. Accom- 
modez le feu. make up the fire 
Accommoder, to mend, to im 
prove, to reconcile, to conciliate 



field, fig, vin: r6be, r6h, lord, mood, h6od, v6s, mori: buse, bfit 


to make up, to adjust, to com- 
pose, to compound, to compro- 
mise, to settle. — uTie affaire, to 
adjust a business. Accommo- 
DER, to suit, to fit, to be conve- 
nient. Ceci vous accommodera- 
t-il ? will this do 1 will this 
serve your turn? Accommoder, 
to dress, to trim. Accommoder, 
to dress, to cook. A quelle sauce 
Vaccfrmmodera-t-on ? with what 
sauce shall it be dressed? Ac- 
commoder, to use, to treat, to 
serve, to accommodate. lis vous 
accotnmoderont Men, they will 
use you well. II I'a bien accom- 
ijiodi t^fam.) he abused him at a 
strange rate. — un linmme de ioutes 
pieces, V — d'importance, to thrash 
one, to beat him, to maul him, to 
drub one soundly, to pay him off 
Accommoder, to accommodate, 
to adapt, to fit. Accommoder, 
to let one have, to sell, to accom- 
modate one with a thing, to fur- 
nish him with it. Voulez-vous tiC 
— de voire ckeval ? will you sell 
me your horse ? Accommoder, 
to reconcile. Accommoder la de- 
votion avec la coquetierie ? to re- 
concile devotion with coquetry. 
AccoaiMODER un sujet au thiatre, 
to adapt a subject for the stage. 
b' Accommoder, v. r. v. 3, to trim 
one's self, to dress-, to be better 
off in the world, in better cir- 
cumstances, to agree, to make it 
up, to conform, to be friendly. Us 
s^accommoderont bien, they will 
agree veiy well, s' Accommo- 
der, to accommodate one's self, 
to suit, to comply, to be compati- 
ble. s'AccoMMODER, to make 
free with, to serve one's own 
ease and conveniency, s'Ac- 
C0.MM0DER, to like, to be pleased 
or satisfied with, to put up with, 
to agree to, to find one's account 
in. Je m'accominode de lout, I 
like every thing, I make shift 
with any thing, nothing comes 
amiss to me. Je ne saurais m' — 
de ces conditions-Id, I cannot 
agree to those terms. Qu'il s^ac- 
commode, let him take his own 
way or course. II s'accommode 
autant qu'U peut on du mieux 
qu'il peut, he consults his own 
ease, or conveniency, as much 
as he is able. 

a-koM-pa-gna-tSur, tris, s. m. el 
f. one who accompanies a voice 
with some instrument, accompa- 
nist. , 

ACCOMPAGNE, E, part. d'Ac- 
compagner, v. 3, accompanied. 
pagn-man, s.m. the accompany- 
ing, waiting on, escorting. Ac- 
COMPAGNEMENT, attendance, fol- 
lowers, retinue. Accompagne- 
MENT, accompaniment, accesso- 
ry, appendix. Accompagnement 
accompaniment, music played to 
one who smga.—d'harmonie, ac- 
companiment for wind instru- 
ments. — A grand orchestre, full 

V. a. V. 3, to accompany, to wait 
on, to attend. Le malheur Vac- 
compagne, he is unlucky. Ac- 
compagner, to attend, to be of 
the retinue, to follow. — la pro- 
cession, to attend or follow the 
procession. ; . Accompagner, to 
accompany, to wait on, to con- 
duct, to escort. J'fli eu Vhonneur 
dc V — chez die, I had the honour 
to wait upon her home. Accom- 
pagner, to match, to suit with, 
to set off La garniture accom- 
pagne bien I'habii, the trimming 
suits the coat well. (N.B. Accom- 
pagner, in this signification, is 
never constmed without the ad- 
verb bien.) Accompagner, to 
company, to add, to back. Ac- 
compagner (mvs.) to accompany, 
to play to one that sings. II ac- 
compagne bien, he accompanies 

s' Accompagner, ti. r. v. 3, (partly 
obsolete Jn this sense,) to be ac- 
companied, to take along with 
one's self s'Accomp.agner, avec 
le violon, avec la guilare, etc., to 
accompany one's self with or on 
the violin, the guitar, etc. 

ACCOMPLI, E, a-kon-pll,a(7j. et 
part. V. 4, d'Acconipltr, accom- 
plished, finished, lulfilled, per- 
formed, complete, fine, faultless, 
perfect, finished. 

ACCOMPLIR, i-kon-plir, v.a.v. 
4, to accomplish, to perform, to 
effect, to finish, to complete, to 
consummate, to fulfil, to make 

food. AccoMPLiR la cuve, (in 
yeing,) to fill the vat with new 
dyeing materials or drugs. 

s'AccoMPLiR, V. T. V. 4, to be ac- 
complished, to be performed. 

plls-man, s. m. accomplishment, 
the accomplishing, fulfilment, 
fulfilling, finishing, perfecting, 
performance, completion, con- 
summation, execution, observ- 

ACCON, s. m. (small, flat-bottom- 
ed boat, used in the oyster fish- 
ery,) accon. 

NER, F. AcoauiNANT, Acooui- 


ACCORD, a-k6r, s.m. agreement, 
bargain, contract, compact, con- 
vention, settlement, stipulation. 
Faire un — ,passer un — , to make 
an agreement, preliminaries (of 
marriage). Onasignelesaccords, 
the preliminaries are signed. Ac- 
cord, consent, concurrence, ac- 
cord, good understanding, con- 
sonance, unity, harmony. £tre 
.d' — ; demeurer d' — , tomber d' — , 
to agree, to be agreed, to grant. 
Mettre des gens d' — , to reconcile, 
to make them friends, to adjust 
a quarrel. X)' — , j'en demeure 
d' — , granted, I graJit it, I agree 
to it, done, I will. Tout d'un — , 
with one accord, unanimously. 
^ire de tous bons accords, to be 
for any thing, to stand to what 
the company pleases, to be a 

good companion. Accord, ac- 
cord, agreement, harmony. Ac- 
cord, (mus.) haiTOony, accord, 
consonance, concord, concert; 
strain, nots^-parfait, the third, 
fifth and octave. — de trlton, tri- 
tone. — de voix, a tunable voice. 
— d*instruments, instruments in 
tune. Accord des couleurs, har- 
mony of colours. Accord (^ram.) 
concord, agreement. 

ACCORDABLE, a-k6r-dibl,a4/. 
grantable, that may or ought to 
be granted, tunable (in speaking 
of instruments); reconcilable dn 
speaking of men.) 

ACCORDAILLES, a-k6r-daZ, s, 
/. pi. the ceremony of signing tlie 
articles of marriage; afiiance, 

ACCORDANT, E, adj. tunable, 
harmonious, agreeing in sound. 

ACCORDS, E, a-k5r-da, s.m. et 

f. a man betrothed to a woman, 
or a woman betrothed to a man. 

ACCORDER, a-k6r-da, v. a. v. 3, 
to grant, to allow, to accord, to 
give, to allot, to bestow, to con- 
cede. — sa fills en mariage, to give 
one's daughter in marriage, to 
give one's consent. JVe pas — , to 
re&se. Accorder, to grant, to 
admit, to give up— (Ze nouveau, 
to regrant. Accorder, to make 
friends, to make up matters, or 
to set matters to rights between 
two or more people, to reconcile. 
— un dif^rerid, to adjust, to make 
up a difference. Accorder, to 
reconcile. Accorder, (gram.) 

. to make agree. Accorder, un 
instrument, (mus.) to tune an in- 
strument. Accordez vos flutes, 
agree upon it between you; settle 
those matters among yourselves ; 
be consistent with yourself 

s' Accorder, v. v. 3, to agree, to 
suit, to be suited, to accord, to 
correspond ; {fam^ to square. 
JVe pas s' — , not to suit. s'Ac- 
coRDER, to agree, to join, to 
concur. S' — du prix, to agree 
upon the price. s'AccoitDER, to 
agree ; {/am.) to jump together, 
to row together. 

ACCORDEUR, a-k6r-deur, s. m. 

ACCORDOIR, i-k5r-dwar, s.m. 
a tuner. A tuning tool. 

ACCORE, s.f. (mar.) prop, shore. 
AccORES d'mi banc, the edges 
of a sand-bank. 

ACCORER, D. a. v. 3, to prop, to 
stay. V. AccoTER. Accorer 
un vaisseau sur le chaniier, to 
prop a ship on the stocks.--Mn 
tonneau, une malle, etc., to jam 
or wedge a cask, trunk, etc. 

ACCORNE, E, adj. (bl) horned. 
Tile de vache de sable accornie 
d'argent, a cow's head sable 
homed argent. 

ACCORT, E, a-kor, kort, adj 
flexible, obsequious, complying, 
courteous, civil, complaisant, af- 
fable, cunning, subtile, Crafty. 

ACCORTISE, s.f. {film.:) eivili 
ty, complaisance, affability ; sub 
tilty, cunning, craft, craftiness. 



bar, bat, base, antique 

thJre, ihb, ov^r, j^une, mSiite, bSurre, li^n : 

easy of access, affable, civil, 

AGCOSTER, a-kfls-ta, v. a. v. 3, 
to accost, to make up to, to come 
or go up to one. Accoster un 
vaisseau, (mar.) to come along- 
side a sliip. Accoste d bnrd! 
come alongside ! come aboard ! 

s' Accoster de, v. r. v. 3, (usually 
in a bad sense,) to keep company 
with, to make acquaintance witli. 

ACCOTAR, s.m. (mar.) filling- 

ACCOTER, a-k5-ta, v. a. v. 3, to 
prop up, to support, to bear up, 
to lean. V. Appuyer. — fes hu- 
niers, to haul home the top-sail 

s'AcooTER, V. r. to lean, to lean 
against a wall. 

ACCOTOIR, a-k5-twar, s.m. a 
prop, a thing to lean on. Les 
accotoirs de la v&iture, the sides 
of the carriage. 

ACCOUCHEE, a-k5o-sha, s.f. 
a lying-in woman, a woman 
brought to bed, a woman that 
lies in or is in childbed, a wo- 
man in the straw. 

man. s. m. accouchement, child- 
bed, deliverance, a woman's de- 
livery. Accouchement, mid- 

ACCdUCHER, a-k6o-sha, v. n.v. 

3, to lie in, to be brought to bed, 
to be delivered. V. Lnfanter. 
— avant ferme, to miscarry. 

AccoucHER, V. a. V. 3, to deliver 
a woman, 

ACCOUCHEUR, a-k8o-sh6ur, s. 
m. man-midwife, accoucheur. 

ACCOUCHEUSE, a-k6o-sheuz, 
s.f. a midwife. Office d'accou- 
cheur ou de .la^e-femme, obstet- 
rication. Metier d^ accoucheur, 
art d'accoitcker les femmes, mid- 

S'ACCOUDER, si-kflo-da, v.r. 
V. 3, to lean on one's elbow. 

ACCOUDOIR, a-k6o-dw4r, s.m. 
any thing fit to lean upon. 
. ACCOUER, II. a. v. 81, to wound 
a stag in the shoulder, or to 
hamstring him. 

ACCOULINS, s. m. pi. alluvion, 
accretion V. Alluvion. 

ACCOUPLE, E, (arch) coupled. 
Les colonnes accoupUes, columns 

ACroUPLEMENT, a-kfiopl- 
man, s. in. coupling, pairing, 
joining or yoking together. Con- 
pultion, copulation. 

ACCOUPLER, a-kdo-pla, v.a. 
v. 3, to couple, to tack or join 
together. To yoke. To match, 
to pair. — des cnevaux, to match 

s'AccouPLER, V. r. V. 3, (applied 
only to animals,) to couple, to 
copulate, to pair. 

ACCOURCIR, a-k6or-slr, v. a. v. 

4, to shorten, to make shorter, 
to abridge. 

e'Accodrcir, v. r. v. 4, to shorten, 
to irrow shorter, to decrease. 

sis-man, s. m. (used only in 
speaking of the road and of 
days,) shortening. 

ACCOURIR, a-k6o-rlr, v. n. v. 
10, to run to, to hasten, to flock 
together. (Accourir takes indif- 
ferently avoir or Hie for its auxi- 
liary.) — enfoule, to flock. 

ACCOURU, E, paH. v. 10, d'Ac- 
courir ; run to. 

s.f. a passage formed in a ship's 
hold, to go lore and aft. 

ACCOUTRE, E,part. v. 3. d'Ac- 
couirer ; accoutred, dressed. He 
has been banged soundly or 
soundly thrashed. Accoutre, 
(in wire-drawivg,) fitted up, 
when the hole of a wire-draw- 
ing iron is properly rounded. 

man, s. m. (usually contemptu- 
ously,) accoutrement, garb, 
dress, gear. 

ACCOUTRER, a-k6o-tra, v.a. 
V. 3, (usually ironically,) to ac- 
coutre, to dress, to rig. Accou- 
TRER, to beat or bang soundly. 

ACCOUTREUR, s. m. the work- 
man who rounds the holes of a 
wire-drawing plate. 

ACCOUTUMANCE, a-kfio-tfl- 
mans, s.f. habit, custom, habi- 

ACCOUTUME, E, v. 3, part. 
d'Accoutumer, accustomed, cus- 
tomary, habitual. Habituated, 
used to. 

A l'accoutumee, adv. as usual, 
according to custom, customarily. 

ACCOU'TUMER, a-k6o-til-ml, 
V. a. V. 3, to accustom, to use, to 
habituate. To uiure, to season. 

AcoouTUMER, V. n. V. 3, to use, 
to be wont. Faifes comme vous 
avez accoutumA, do as you are 

s'AcoouTUMER, V. r. V. 3, to ac- 
custom one's self, to use one's 
self, to inure one's self 

ACCOUVE, E, adj. (fam.) brood- 
ing over the fire. 

S'ACCOUVER, V. r. v. 3, to sit, 
to hatch, to be sitting or hatching. 

ACCRAVANTER, v. a. v. 3, (this 
word is old,) to crush. 

ACCREDITER, &-kra-di-ta, v.a. 
V. 3, to accredit ; to give autho- 
rity, reputation, credit, sanction 
or name ; to bring into vogue, to 
procure esteem. 

s'AccREDiTER, V. 3, to get a name 
or reputation, to get into credit. 
To ingratiate one's self Cette 
nouveUe ne s'accridite pas, that 
news is not credited. 

■►ACCRETION, s.f. (med.) accre- 

ACCROC, a-kr6, s. m. rent. Je 
me suis fait un — d ma robe, I 
have torn my gown. AccROC, 
any thing that causes a rent. 
AccRoc, impediment, hinder- 

ACCROCHE, a-kr6sh, s.f let, 
hinderance, obstacle. (Not used.) 

ACCROCHEMENT, i-krftsh- 
man. s m. grappling, locking. 

(It is little used.) AccROChE 
MENT, (phys.) IJ — des atomeSt 
the accidental junction of atoms. 

ACCROCHER, a-kr6-sha, v.a. 
V. 3, to hang up or upon, to hasp, 
to hook. To catch, to tear. Ac 
crocJi^e par la robe, caught by 
the "own. Le proces est accroche, 
the lawsuit hangs by the walL 
AcCROCHER, to stop, to delay, 
to catch, to get, to pick up. // 
lui a accroche de Vargent, he has 
got money from him. Accno- 
CHER, V. 3, (speaking of -lar- 
riages,) to lock, to get eijlangled 
or locked with. AccROCHERun 
vaisseau, to grapple a ship. Ac- 
CROCHER unefiUe dans les rues, 
to pick up a girl in the street. 

s'AccROCHER, V. r. V. 3, to hang 
on, to be caught. ;S" — ^ un 
vaisseau, to grapple with a ship. 
Un homme qui se noie s'accrorjie 
d tout, a drowning man catches 
at straws. 

ACCROIRE, a-krwtir, v. n. v.46, 
(used only in the infinitive with 
faire,) to make believe. En 
faire — d qudqu'un, to impose 
upon one, to put upon him. S'en 
FAIRE ACCROIRE, to be Self Con- 
ceited, to arrogate too much to 
one's self, to take too much upon 
one's self, to overween. 

man, s. m. increase, augmenta- 
tion, growth, enlargement, addi- 

ACCROiTRE, a-krwatr, v. a. v. 
47, to increase, to enlarge, to 
amplify, to augment, to add to 
to improve. 

AccroItre, v. n. v. 47, to in- 
crease, to augment, to improve 
AccroItre, v. 47, (jur.) to ac- 

s'AccRoiTRE, V. T. V. 47, to in- 
crease, to grow; to be augmented 
or advanced. 

ACCROUPI, -E, a-krflo-pi, adj 

S'ACCROUPIR, sa-kr6o-plr, v.r 
V. 4, to squat, to sit squat. 

pis-man, s. m. the sitting squat 

ACCRU, E, part. v. 47, d'Accrot- 
tre ,' increased, 

ACCRUE, a-krfi, s. /. (jur) in. 
crease of land caused by the 
retiring of waters, or by allu- 
vion. — de bois, the natural ex- 
tension of a wood by spontaneous 
growth, without the aid of plan- 

ACCUEIL, a.-k&ul,s.m. reception, 
welcome. Bon — , —favorable, 
good or kind reception, hearty 
welcome. Mauvats—, —froid, 
bad or cold reception, rebuflf 
Faire — , to receive kindly. 

ACCUEILLIR, a-i4ii-nr, v. a. 
V. 11, to receive, to make wel- 
come, to entertain.— /ori mal 
une proposition, to receive a 
proposal very ungraciously. Ac- 
coeillir, to surprise, to over- 
take. Lapauvreli,lamishe,l'ont 
accueilli, poverty, misery have 










m6od, hflod, 




brJit, bran. 

ialleii upon him. Accueilli d^une 
maladie, seized with a sickness. 
ACCUL, a-ftiil, s. yn. a place that 
is not a thoroughfare; a blind 
alley, a turn-again alley. Accul, 
(term used' in the French Islands,) 
a small bay. Accul, (flrtil) britch- 
ing, AccDL, (in /raTittn^,) terrier, 
a lodge or hole where certain 
animsus, such as badgers, foxes, 
etc. secure themselves. 
ACCULEMENT, s. m. (mar.) 
rising of the floor-timbers; a 
shake in the pitching. 
ACCULER, a-ftft-la, v. a. v. 3, to 
bring one to a stand; to drive 
one into a corner ; to drive one 
to a place from which he cannot 
escape; to drive an army into 
such a situation as to compel it 
to action. 

s'AccnLEK, V. r. v. 3, to take, or 
to betake one's self to corner or 
a wall. a'AccoLER, (Man.) to 
aculer, s'Acculer, (rnaT.) to be 
pooped, to receive a shake in the 

sion, s./. accumulation, heaping 
up. Accumulation de droit, 
IjuT.) the several rights by which 
something is claimed, an accu- 
mulation of claims. 
ACCUMULER, a-iilm-fi-lJ, v.a. 
v. 3, to accumulate, to heap up, 
to store, to amass, to put together. 
s'AccuMULER, V. T. V. 3, to be ac- 
cumulated, to increase. 
ACCUSABLi;, a-ift-zabl, adj. 
accusable, impeachable, blame- 
able, chargeable. 
[AccusahU after the noun.l 
za-t6ur, tris, s.J. accuser, in- 
dicter, impeacher. Se rendre — , 
to turn accuser, to impeach. 
ACCUSATIF, a-Ail-za-tif, s.m. 
the accusative case. 
ACCUSATION,a-Au-za-sio7!, s.f. 
accusation, indictment, arraign- 
ment, impeachment, charge. In- 
tenier, susdier une — ao\x conire 
quelqu'un, to indict one. Accu- 
sation, complaint, charge, 
ACCUSE, E, V. 3, pari, d' Accuser; 
accused. Vaccusi, I'accusie, s. 
the person accused, the prisoner 
at the bar, culprit. 
ACCUSER, a-i6-za, d.o. v. 3, to 
accuse of, to charge with ; to in- 
dict, to arraign, to impeach. Ac- 
cuser par reprisailles, to re- 
charge, lo retort a charge. Ac- 
cuser, to accuse of, to reproach, 
to tax, to charge with. A ccuser, 
to blame, to accuse, to reproach. 
AccusKR, to dispute the validity 
of a deed. — un testament de 
suggestion, to object against a 
will for being suggested. Accu- 
ser, to mention, to give notice. 
— la riixplion d'une leltre, etc. to 
give advice of, to mention or ac- 
knowledge the receipt of a letter, 
etc. — son jeu, to call or tell 
one's game. Cet homme accuse 
juste on faux, he is exact. Le 
mahde accuse une douleur, the 
patient says he feels a pain 

s'AccusER, tJ. r. V. 3, to accuse 

one's self 

ACE,'ran(;aise. V. Ac. 
ACENS, a-san, s. m. (jur.) copy- 
hold property, land or houses 

held at a quitrent. 
ACENSE, E, V. 3, part. d'Acmser; 

let or larmed out. 
ACENSEMEJNT, i-sans-man, s. 

m. the letting or giving out to 

farm for a yearly rent. 
ACENSER, a-san-sa, v. a. v. 3, 

(Jur.) to let an estate or a house 

for a yearly rent. 
*ACEPHALE, a-sa-fal, adj. ace- 
phalous, without a head, head- 

foBtus without head and arms. 
*ACEPHALOTHORE, adj. a foe- 
tus without thorax. 
*ACEPHALIE, s.f. the condition 

of a foetus born without a head. 

*ACEPHALOCHIRE, adj. a f<E- 

tus without head and hands. 

*ACEPHALOCYSTE, s. m. ace- 

phalocyst, a genus of entozoa. 


foetus without belly. 

*ACEPHALOSTOME, adj. a foe- 
tus without moulh. 

*ACERACEES, a*', et s. f. pi. 
(hot.) a family of plants. 

ACERBE. a-sSrb, adj. sour, 
sharp, acerb. Acerbe, harsh, bit- 
ter. Desparoles — s, bitter words. 

ACERBITE, &-sJr-bi-ta, ». /. 
acerbity, acerbitude. 

ACERfe, E, a-sd-ra, adj. steely, 
steeled. ( fig.) sharp, keen, sharp- 
edged. LaTne — e, keen or sharp 
edged blade. (Zool.) without 

ACERER, a-sa-ra, v. a. v. 77, to 
steel, to temper iron with steel. 

*ACERELLE, tttJ;. terminating in 
a blunt point. 

*ACERES, adj. et s. m. pl.tfint.) 
a family of aptera, &c. &c. 

*ACEREUX, adj. (Sop needle- 

*ACERIDE, s. m. acerides, plas- 
ter of Nuremburgh, plaster with- 
out wax. 

*ACERINEES. Y. Aceraoees. 

*ACERIQUE, adj. {chim.) an acid 
found in the juice of the acer 

ACERRE, s.f. (antiq.) acerra. Y. 

ACESCENCE, a-sS-sans, >./. 

ACESCENT, E, a-sS-san, sant, 
adj. acescent. 

s.f. pi. a family of polypi. 

adj. all signifying cup-like. 
*ACETABULE,a-sa-ta,-bfil, s.m. 
(finai.) acetabulum. Acitabules, 
acetabula. Acetabule ou An- 
DROSACE de mer, (izool.) species 
of polypus, acetabulum. Ackta- 
BULE, lantiq.) measure of capa- 
city, acetabulum. 

"ACETABULUM, s. m. (planft 
acetabulum, colytedon. 
*ACETAT£,a-sa-tat, s.m.(c7iim.) 
acetate. — de soude, acetate oi 
soda ; salts formed by the com- 
bination of acetic acid with dif- 
ferent bases. 
*ACETE, adj. acidulous. 
having the quality of vinegar; 
acetose, acetous. 

*ACETIFICATION, «. /. (cUm.) 

the formation of acetic acid. 

*ACETIQUE, 4-s£l-tik, adj. m. 

ichim.) acetic. Vacide — , acetic 


ACETOSELLEES, adj. et s.f. pi. 

(hot.) asectionof the genusoxalis. 
■'ACETUM, s. m. ichim.) acetum. 

— alccdis^, vinegar distilled with 

the addition of some alkali. 
"ACHAC, s. f. (red partridge of 

the Philippine,) achae. 
ACHAIE, s.f. (Greece) Achaia. 
*ACHAINE, s. m. achaina, a kind 

of fruit. 
ACHALALACTLI, s. m. (pigeon 

of Mexico,) achalalactli. 
ACHALANDAGE, s. m. custom, 

ACHALANDE, E, part. d'AcM- 

lander, v. 3, that has customers. 

Boutique bien — i, a well-ire- 

quented shop. 
ACHALANDER, S.-sha-lan-da, 

V. a. V. 3, to get custom, to pro- 
cure customers, to help to ;cus- 


S'ACHALANDER, V.a. v. 3, tO get 

or draw customers. 

ACHANACA, s. /. (a plant of 
India,) achanaca. 

ACHARNE, E,part.d'Acharner, 
V. 3. Combat — , a hard, a tough 
fight. Une dispute — e, a virulent 
dispute or debate. 

man, s. m. tenacity, inveteracy. 
V — d'un loup, the tenacity or ra- 
bidness of a wolf Acharne- 
MENT, rancour, blind fury ; stub- 
bornness, ill-nature; obstinacy, 
desperation. Avec acharne- 
-MENT, mercilessly or unmerci- 

ACHARNER, a-shar-na, v. a. v. 
3, to flesh. Acharner le faucon, 
to flesh the falcon. Acharner, 
to rouse, to madden. S' — , tobe 
maddened ; to imbitter, to enve- 
nom. iS' — , to get, to grow im- 

s'AcHARNER, V. 3, to be intent, 
bent, set upon ; to set one's heart 
upon. V. Acharner. 
[Remark. Preposition used 
after Acharner, centre; after 
s' Acharner, d, conire, sur; after 
the participle Achame, a, sur."] 

*ACHASCOPHYTE, s. m. (hot.) 
plant with indehiscent fruit. 

ACHAT, a-sha, s. m. purchase, 
purchasing, buying, bargain. V. 

*ACHE, ash, s. /. apium, ache 



bAr, bat, base, antique 

thire, ibb, ov^r, j^une, mfiute, bfiurre, li^n: 

•ACHEES, lob-worms. 
MCHEIRIE, s. f. (ana.) absence 

of hands. 
ACHEMENTS, ash-man, a. tti. 

vl. [hi.) mantles cut. 

man, s. m. a means (to bring a 

thing about,) a step (towards it,) 

an introduction. 
ACHEMINER, ash-ml-na, v. a. 

V. 3, to forward, to set forward. 

AcHEMiNER un chcvol, (mm,) lo 

way a horse. 

S'ACHEMINER, V. T. V. 3, tO SCt OUt 

or forward, to take one's way, lo 
begin one's journey. 


*ACHEXODE, s. m. a kind of 

ACHEROiS, s. m. (name given 
by Homer to the white poplar,) 

ACHERON, a-sha-roTt, k-H-mn, 
s. m. (myth.) Acheron, Ache- 
ron, (a river of Epirus,) Acheron. 

ACHETER, ash-ta, v. a. v. 76, to 
buy, to purchase.— des bans, to 
get a license (for marriage.) — en 
gros pour vendre en detail^ to re- 
grate. AcHETER (Jig.) to pay 
dear for a thing. 

[Acketer qudque chose a guel- 
qu'un, may signify either to buy 
a thinff from one or for one.] 

ACHETEUR, ash-t^ur, s. m. buy- 
er, purchaser ; a bidder. 

*ACPIET1DES, adj. et s. m. pi 
(eiit.) a family of Orthoptera. 

ACHEVE, E, paH. d'Achever, v. 
76, finished, perfect, accomplish- 
ed, exquisite; mere, thorough, 
absolute ~'heva2achev^, a horse 
ihorough-y managed, or tho- 
rough-bred horse. 
[Ackeve applied to persons al- 
ways in an unfevourable sense: 
un scilerat achevi, an arch-vil- 
lain; said of things in a good 
sense : un ouvrage achevi. a finish- 
ed, a perfect work.] 

ACHEVEMENT, a-sh^v-man, 
s.f. completing, finishing, per- 
fecting. (Fig.) perfection, finish. 

ACHEVER, ash-va, v.a. v. 76, to 
finish, to put the finishing hand 
to, to close, to end/to conclude, 
to terminate ; to perfect, to com- 
plete; to complete, to accom- 
plish, to consummate; to dis- 
patch.— rfe hoire^ to drink up. 
Les mnurants prient qu'on les 
ackeve, those who are left dying 
beg lo he dispatched. VoUd 
pour VacTiecerdeperdre, that will 
complete his ruin. 

AcHEVF.R, V. n. V. 76, (in gold- 
beating,) to stretch and finish (in 
the third mould;) (in candle- 
making.) to give the finishing dip. 

ACHIAR ou ACHAR, s. m. (pre- 
serve of bamboo shoots,) achiar. 

ACHILLE,s.m. Achilles. *AcHiL- 
LE (ana.) tendo Achillei, tendon 
of Achilles. 

*ACH1LLEE, s./. (hot.) achillea, 

*ACHILLEES, adj. et s. f. pi 
ijbot.) a group of corymbiferiE. 

ACHIOTE, s.f. (V. Roucou,) 
achiote or achiolt, a drug brought 
from America, and used in dye- 
ing as well as in preparing cno- 

*ACHi'rE, adj. (idi.) a genus of 

*ACHiT ou ACHTTH, «. m. (a 
vine of Madagascar,) achith. 

*ACHLYS, ». m. (med.) defect 
of vision from ulceration of the 

*ACHJJE, s.m. scraped lint; floc- 
culent mucus in the eye. 

s.f. (chamomile of Egypt,) acho- 

ACHOPPEMENT, a-sh6Mnan, 
s. m. (usually preceded hy^erre,) 
a stumbling-block. C'est une 
pierre d' — , it is a stumbling- 



*ACHORES, s. (med.) achot, 
(vl achores,) running nicer on 

ACHROMATIQUE, a-kr6-ma- 
tik, adj. (^optics,) achromalic. 

ACHROMATfejME, a-kr6-ma- 
tism, 3. m. (optics,) achromatism. 

ACHRONIQUE, a-kra-nik, adj. 
(aslron.) achronical. Ijeiyer — , 
the rising of a star when the sun 

*ACHROPHYTE, adj. a flower 
composed of glumes. 

*ACICUIJFORME, adj. needle- 

*ACICULE, s. m. a kind of bristle 
found on some of the annelides. 

*ACIDE, a-sid, s. m. acid. — ma- 
rine marine acid. — vitreux, ni- 
trous acid. — vitriolique, vitriolic 

AcinE, adj. acid, sour, tart, sharp, 
aeetose. (CAim.) acid. Fruii 
— , sour fruiL 

ACIDITE, a-sl-dl-ta, s.f. aci- 
dity, sourness, sharpness, acid 
taste, acetosity, tartness. 

*ACIDOTE, adj. (to.) pointed. 

*ACIDULE, a-si-dvil, adj. of the 
nature of acids, acidulous. Des 
eaux addules, aciduk;, (that is, 
according to Dr. Johnson, aquce 
acidiiifp ^ 

*ACIDu'lE, E, a-si-dii-la, adj. 
(med.) acidulated, made a little 

ACIDULER, v. a. v. 3, to acidu- 
late, to make sour, to flavour 
with acids, 

ACIER, a-s!-a, s. m. steel.— ^on- 
du, cast steel. — en iarres, gad- 
steel, whip-steel. — <J la rose, rose 
steel. — de carme, ou a la double 
marque, carinthian steel, hard 
steel. — d. la simple marque, soft 
steel. — en grain, — de moUe, ou de 
mondragon, steel in lumps. — 
commun, ou petit — , common 
steel, in small pieces. — de bonne 
trempe, steel of a fine temper. — 
faclice ou artijiciel, blistered steel. 

AciER, glave. 

ACIERER, a-sia-ra, y. a. v. 77, 
to convert iron into steel. 

s'AciERER, V. r. V. 77, to become 
sleel, to tiUTi to steeL 
ACIERIE, s.f. steel manufactory. 
*ACIESIE, s.f. (med.) sterility, 

FORME, adj. Ipol.) sabre^haped 

(bot.) like grape seeds. 
*ACINE, s. m. (boL) a berry like 
a grape. 

*ACINIFORME, adj. choroid 
coat of the eye, (uvie.) 

*ACINODErjDRE, adj. plants 
whose fruit is in bunches. 

*ACINOS, s. m. (bot.) basil thyme. 

*ACIPHOREES, adj. et s. f. pi 
(eni.) a family of myodario. 

*ACIPHyLLE, adj. (hoL) having 
pointed leaves. 

*ACLEIDIENS, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(mam.) a section of the rodentia. 

*ACLYTHROPHYTE, s. m. (bat.) 
plants with naked seeds, 

*ACMELLE, s.f. (a plant of Cey- 
lon,) acmella, ahmella, bidens. 

*ACNE, s. m. (med.) a hard, in- 
flamed tubercle. 

*ACOCHLIDES, adj. et s. m. pi 
(mol.) a family of cephalopoda. 

*ACOLES, adj. et s. m. pi. (ann.) 
a family of elminthogama. 

*ACOLOGIE, s.f. (yned.) acology. 

»ACqCOLIN, s. m. (a hawk of 
Mexico,) acocolin. 

s.f. (a bug of Africa,) acolalan. 

*ACOLIN, s.m. (aquatic partridge 
of M exic o,) acolin or acolini. 

ACOLYTAT, s. m. (in the church 
of Rome) the highest of the four 
minor orders. 

ACOLYTE, a-ka-lit, s. m. (in 
the church of Rome) acolyte, 
acolothist (Fam.) aoolyte, com- 

ACOMA, s. m. (New Mexico,) 

*ACOMAS, a-k6-mas, ou *ACO- 
MAT, s. m. a tree of America, 
fit for ship-building. 

ACON, a-ko7i, s. m. a sort of square 
flat-bottomed lighter; a small 
flat-bottomed boat. 

*ACONIT, a-k6-nlt, s. m. aconite, 
wolf's-bane, wolf-wort, monk's- 
hood, libbard's-bane. — a jleurs 
bleues, ou napel, napellus. — salu- 
faire, anthora. 

*ACONITATE, s. m. (chim.) salt 
formed by aconitic acid and a 

♦ACONITKN'E, s.f. (chim.) alka- 
loid found in the aconite. 

*ACO]NTIAS, s. m. aeontias, dart- 
snake, anguis jaculi. 

*ACOPIS, s.f. (a transparent pre- 
cious stone; speciesof fossil salt;) 

ACOQUINANT, E, a-k5-ki-nan 
nant. adj. v. alluring, eneraginff 

-ACOQUINER, i-k6-ki-na, v.h 
V. 3, to allure, to bewitch; to 
make lazy. 

s'AcoanisER, v. r. v. 3, to be be- 
witched, to be over-fond of, to be 
taken up with. S'acoguiner dans 


field, fig, vl»; r6be, r6b, 16rd, mflod, hiod, v&s, mow: bJse, hilt, brum. 

unegargole, to sit sotting in a tip- 


ACORER, w. o. F. AccoRER. 
ACORES, a-k6r,s./.pZ. V.Epon- 


. *ACORIE, «. /. (med.) insatiable 

*ACORMOSE, adj. (pot.) plants 
without stem. 

*ACORUS, s. m. acorus, sweet- 
rush, sweet-cane. 

*ACORUS-VERUS, s. m. acorus 
CfT great galangal. 

*ACOTYLEDONE, adj. et s. m. 
{hot.) acotyledonous. 

*ACOTYLEDONIE, s. /. (jbot.) 
the first class of Jussieu, 

*ACOUMETRE, s. m. acoume- 
ter, (instrument to measure the 

*A-COUP, a-k6o, s. m. saccade. 
Des ct^oup, saccades ; (a break.) 
Marcher par — , to walk, with a 
saccade. Agir par — , to act by 
fits and starts. 

et s. m. (ana.) a bone of the in- 
ternal ear. 

ACOUSMATE, a-k6os-mat, s.m. 
(sounds supposed to be heard in 
the air), acousma. 

ACOUSTIQUE, a-k6os-tik, ». /. 

*AcousTiaUE, adj. acoustic. Des 
remcdes acoitstiqiies, remedies to 
help the hearing. Cornet — , an 

ACQUEREUR, a-iJ-rSur, «. m. 
prurchaser or buyer. 

ACQUERIR, a-fta-rlr, v. a. v. 7, 
to acquire, to purchase, to buy, 
to obtain, to get, to achieve, to 
attain, to gain, to increase in qua- 
lity, in value, to improve. 11 ac- 
quiert iowsZesiours, he purchases 
every day. Ce vin acquiert, this 
wine will improve or become 

s'AcQCERiR, V. r. V. 7, to get, to 
be gotten, to be acquired, ob- 
tained, procured, or purchased. 

ACQUET, k-k&, s. m. (jur.) ac- 
quest, acquist, purchase, acquisi- 
tion, acquisitions made during 
marriage, (/am.) profit, gain. (Ce 
sens a vieiRi. Acad.) 

man, s. m. acquiescence, assent, 
compliance, consent, willingness. 

ACQUIESCER, a-ii-f-sa, v. n. 
V. 73, to acquiesce, to agree, to 
assent, to consent, to yield, to 
submit, to comply. 

ACQUIS, part. v. 7, d'Acqudrir, 
acquired. Qvalilis acqmses, ac- 
quirements. Je vous suis tout — , 
I am at your disposal, Mai — , 

Acauis, &-A:!, s.m. acquired Irnow- 
ledge. C'est tin homme qui a de 
V — , he has acquired a great deal 
of knowledge. 

ACQUISITION, a-Sl-zI-sIon, s,/. 
acquisition, getting, acquiring, 
attaining, purchasing, purchase, 
ACQUIT, 4-iI, ». m ijinance,) 

acquittance, discharge. Faire Us 

choses par manihe d' — , to do 
things negligently. Jouer ct V — , 
to play who shall pay for the 
whole. — de douane, a cocket. — 
d caution, certificate, discharge. 
AcauiT, (at billiards,) tlie lead. 

ACQUIT-PATENT, s. m. V. Pa- 

ACQUITTABLE, adj. acquitta- 
ble, that may be acquitted, paid, 
or dischairged. 

ACQUITTE, E, part. v. 3, d'Ac- 
quitter. (Jn compte — an account 
paid, discharged, signed. 

ACQUITTEIWENT, a-*it-man, 
.1. m. payment, clearing off! (In 
criminal law) acquittal. 

ACQUITTER, a-il-ti, v. a. v. 3, 
to pay, to pay offj to discharge, 
to clear, to quit. (In criminal 
matters) to acquit, to discharge. 
— des marchandises d la douane,to 
pay the custom or duty. — une let- 
tre de change, un mhnoire, to dis- 
charge, to sign a receipt m* ac- 
quittance for a bill of exchange, 
or a bill. 

s'AcauiTTER, V. r. v. 3, to clear 
or to pay off one's debts. S' — 
de son devoir, to discharge or 
perform one's duty, to exercise 
an office. S' — de sa promesse, 
to perform, to make good one's 
promise. S' — Wun emploi, to 
exercise an office. S' — d'un voeu, 
to fulfil, to perform a vow. s'Ac- 
auiTTER (at play), to play off, to 
win back, to be quits. Nous scym- 
mes quiite d quitte, we are qiuts. 
(At billiards), to play first, to go 
off first, to lead, to lead off. 

■^ACRANIE, adj. (flna.) acranial, 
without skull. 

*ACRANIE, s.f. (ana.) a defi- 
ciency of the skull. 

*ACRATIE, s. /. (med.) loss of 
strength, debility, impotence. 

ACRE ou Ptol^maIs, s. /. (in 
Palestine,) Acre or Ptolemais. 

ACRE, alir, s.f. (land measure,) 

Acre, akr, adj. sharp, sour, tart, 
acerb, pungent, acrimonious. 
(Jig.) bitter, biting. 
[Acre always follows the noun.] 

ACRETE, ikr-ta, s.f. acritude, 
sharpness, sourness, tartness, 
acerbity, acrimony. 

*ACRIDOPHAGE, s.m. etf. (liv- 
ing on grasshoppers,) acridopha- 

ACRIMONIE, a-kri-mo-ni, s. /. 
acrimony, sharpness, keenness. 

ACRIMONIEU-X, SE, a-krl-m5- 
ni-eu, euz, adj. acrimonious. 

*ACRISIE, s. f. (.med.) termina- 
tion of a disease without crisis. 

■►ACRITIQUE, adj. (med.) a dis- 
ease without critical phenomena. 

TIQUE, adj. acroatic (lectures). 

ACROBATE, s.m. Iflntiq.) rope- 

*ACROCHIR, s. m. (ana.) the ex- 
tremity of the hands. 

*ACROCHORDE, s. m. (.rep.) a 
genus of serpents of Java. 

*ACROCHORDON, „. f. (med.) a 
pendulous wart. 

■'ACROMIAL, adj. (.ana.) belong, 
ing to the acromion. 

(ano.) acromio-coracoid (liga- 
ment). , 

adj. (flna.) the deltoid muscle. 

♦ACROMION, s. m. Iflna.) acro- 

*ACROMPHALE, s.m. (ma.) the 
point of the navel. 

ACRON, s. m. (in Guinea.) Acron. 

ACRONYQUE. F. Achronique. 

ACROSTICl-IE, a-kr6s-tish, s.m. 
et adj. acrostic. Des vers — s, 
acrostic verses. 

ACROTERES, s. m. pi. (arch.) 
acroteria, acroters. Acrotere, 
(mar.) a cape, headland or pro- 

*ACROTHYMION, s. m. (med.) a 
conical, bleeding wart. 

ACTAMAR, ou Van, s. m. (in 
Armenia) Actamar or Van. 

ACTE, akt, s. m. act, deed, in- 
denture, instrument. — de j'ai. 
( V. AuTO-DA-FE.) — hrevei (tap- 
prentissage, indenture. Faire — 
d'lidritier, (^jiir.) to administer. 
Prendre — de sa compariitimi, to 
demand that one's appearance 
be certified. Banner — d'une 
plainte, to grant a certificate of 
a complaint made. Acte (in an 
university,) an act, a solemn dis- 
putation. (D'un drame), an act. 
AcTES, records, public registers, 

ACTEUR, ak-t4ur, s. m. actor, 
player. Acteur, actor, manager 
or promoter, one that is or has 
been an instmment, or that has 
had a hand, in a business. 

ACTIAQUES, s. m. pi. Actian 

ACTI-F, VE, ak-tif, tlv, adj. ac- 
tive, real, actual. Ejfels actifs, 
real effects. Dettes actives, debts 
owing or due to us. Avoir voix 
active et passive, to have the right 
of voting and to be eligible. Ac- 
TiF, active, quick, alert, nimble, 
brisk, agile, vivid, stirring, busy, 
strenuous,, operative, energetic. 
AcTiF (gram.), active. Verie — , 
a verb active. L'actif, s. m. the 
active verbpr voice. 

♦ACTINEITCHYME, .■! m. (lot.) 
the cellular tissue of plants. 

*ACTINIAIRES, adj. el s. m. pi 
(zoo.) an order of polypi. 

*ACTINIE, s. /. (zoo.) the sea 

*ACTINIENS, adj. et s. m. pi 
(zoo.) a family of zoantheria. 

*ACTINIF0RME, adj. having a 
radiated form. 

*ACTINOCARPE, adj. (Jo;.) hav 
ing the wings of the receptacu- 
lum radiated. 



*ACTINOSTOMES, adj. et s. m. 

pi. (zoo.) an order of the class 











^bb, ov^r, jeune 




TIQUE, adj. (geol) a rock con- 
taining actinite disseminated. 
"ACTiNOZOAIRES, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (zoo.) the class radiata of Ca- 

*ACTINOZOES, s. a section 
of the animal kmgdom, contain- 
ing the acephala gastrica. 
ACTION, ak-sion, s.f. action, act, 
agency, operation,yirtue, motion, 
deed, feat, doing, performance. — 
s, doings. Action, action, way of 
delivery jgesture, posture, — ptiTler 
d' — , to speak with warmth. Ac- 
tion, action, fight, battle, engage- 
ment. Action (jur.) action, a suit, 
plea, declaration. IntenleT une 
— a qudqu^un, to bring an action 
against one. — de rapt, for rape. — 
engarantie, asuitin Dail. Action, 
a share — de la banque, bank-stock. 
HauRne, laisse des — s, rise or fall 
ofshares, or of stock, Fondredes 
— s, to sell one's stock, one's 
shares, the whole or a part. Ac- 
tions (ieg-races,thanks,thanksgiT- 
ing. Action, a public discourse, 
sermon, harangue or pleading. 
(Ce sens a vietUi, Acad.) 

ACTIONNAIRE, ak-si6-n*r, s, 
m. a share-holder, proprietor, ac- 
tionary, actionist, one that has 
stock in a trading company. 

ACTIONNER, ik-sifi-na, v. a. 
V. 3, (jur.) to bring an action, to 
sue at law. 

ACTIUM, s. m. Actium, Azio. 

ACTIVER, 4k-ti-va, v. a. v. 3, 
to press, to hasten, to forward. — 
un recouvrcjneni, to press the re- 
covery of a debt. 

ACTIVEMEJNT, ak-tlv-man, 
adv. (gram.) actively, in an ac- 
tive sense or signification, Ac- 
tivbment, actively, vigorously. 

ACTIVITE, ak-ti-vi-ta, s./ ac- 
tion, activity, activeness, nimble- 
ness, expedition, liveliness, ale^^ 
ness, briskness, quickness. 

ACTRICE, ak-tris, s.f. actress. 

ACTUEL, LE, ik-tu-Sl, adj. ac- 
tual, real, present. 
[Acluel alwavs after the noun.] 

ACTUELLEMENT, ak-t&-41- 
man, adv. actually, now, at this 
very time, indeed, in effect. 
[Actuellevient always afier the 


COJUS, s. m. (a luminous insect,) 
acudia, pyrolampis. 

*ACUHYATLY, s. m. (serpent of 
Brasil) acuhyatly, cucurucu. 

*ACUITfi, s. f. acuteness. 

*ACULEIFORME, adj. needle- 

*ACUMINE,E, a-kft-ml-n^,o<fJ. 
(bot.) sharp-pointed (leaves), acu- 
minous, acuminated. 

*ACUMINEUX, adj. pointed. 

*ACUMINIFERE, adj. having 
small pointed tubercles. 

ACUMINIFOLIE, adj. (hot.) hav- 
ing acuminated leaves. 

•ACUPONCTURE, a,-ki!l-pon-t&r 
s.f. (surg.) acupuncture. 

•ACUTANGULE, adj. (bot.) hav- 
ing angular sJalks. 

"ACUTICAUDfi, adj. (zool.) hav- 
ing a pointed tail. 

*ACUTIFLORE, adj. (bot.) hav- 
the lobes of the corolla pointed. 

*ACUTIFOLIE. V. Acumini- 


*ACUTILOBE, adj. (bot) having 
the leaf^lobes pointed. 
*ACUTIPENNE, adj. (om.) hav- 
ing the tail feathers very pointed. 
*ACUTIROSTRE, adj. (zool) 
having the jaws ending in a 
pointed beak. 

*ACUTO-SPINEUX, adj. (ml) 
having acute spines. 
*ACYSIE, V. AciEsiE. 
ACUTANGLE, a-kft-tangl. adj. 
(geom.) acutangular. 
*ADACTYLE, adj. (crust.) with- 
out fingers. 
ADAGE, a-daz, s. m. an adage, 
a proverb, saw (f am. for saying). 
*ADAGIO, adv. (mus.) adagio. 
*ADAM, Adam. Fomme d'Adam 
(aim.) Adam's bit, Adami pomum, 
(bot.) Adam's apple, Adami p6- 

*ADAMANTIN, adj. (min.) hav- 
ing the lustre of the diamond. 

*ADAM1QUE, adj. a primitive 
race of mankind. 

ADAMITES, s. m. pi. Adamites, 
f here tics) 

ADANA, 's.f. (Nalolia) Adana. 

*ADANE, s. m. (a large fish,) at- 

ADAPTATION, a-d4p.t3.-sioK, 
s.f. adaptation, the adapting, ap- 
plication, (not used.) 

ADAPTER, a-dap-ti, v. a. v. 3, 
to apply, to adapt, to suit, to fit. 

ADATAIS, s. /. (cotton cloth of 
Bengal) adatais or adatis. 

*ADCLIVITE, s. /. (ana.) ad- 

ADDA, s. m. Xdda. 

*ADDAD, s. m. (root of a poison- 
ous plant) addad. 

*ADDAX, s.f. (gazelle of Africa) 

*ADDEPHAGIE, s. /. (med.) vo- 

ADDIBO, s. m. r. Chacal. 

*ADDrnF, adj. (min.) additional 

ADDITION, ad-di-sioB, s. f. ad- 
dition, accession. Addition, (in 
printing) marginal note. 

ADDITIONNEL, LE, adj. addi- 
[Addiiiimnel after the noun]. 

ADDITIONNER, a-dl-si5-na, v. 
a. V. 3, to add, to cast up. 

*ADDUCTEUR, a-duk-t4ur, adj. 
m. (ana.) adducent. 

*Adducteur, s. m. adductor, ad- 
ducent muscle, 

♦ADDUCTION, s.f (ana.) adduc- 
tion, the action of the muscles 
bringing forward or close, or 
drawing together the parts of 
the body to which they are an- 

ADE, terminaison substantive qui 
disigne ou Vaction de faire telle 
chose, ou tel genre d'actton, ou un 
concours, un ensemble, une suite 
d'actions ou de choses d'un tel 

ADEL, s. m. (Africa) Adel. 

*ADELIPARIE, »./. (med.) obo. 

*ADELOBRANCHES, adj. et t. 
m. pi. (mol.) a family of gastero- 

*ADELODERMES, adj. et s. m, 
pi. (mol.) a sub-order of gastero- 

*ADELOGENE, ad;. (jcoZ.) rocks 
apparently homogeneous, but 

s. (mol.) an order of gaste- 

(bot.) with stamens united in one 
or more masses, 

*ADEMONIE, s.f. (med.) anguish 
of mind, anxiety, 

ADEMP'TION, s.f. (jur.) ademp- 
tion, taking awav. i' — d'un legs, 
the revoking a legacy. 

ADEN ou Adem, s. m. Aden. 

*ADENALGIE, s. f. (med.) pain 
seated in a gland, 

*ADENANTHE, adj. (hot.) ade- 

*ADENEMPHRAXIE, s.f. (med.) 
glandular obstruction. 

*ADENITE, 3. /. (med.) inflam- 
mation of a gland. 

*AD£N0CALYCE, adj. (bot.) 
having the calyx dotted with 
glandulous points. 

''ADENOiDE, adj. (ana.) shaped 
like a gland. 

(med.) mucous (fever). 

(med.) inflammation of the me- 
senteric glands. 

*ADENONCOSE, s. m. (med., >i 
tumour formed by a gland. 

LOGIE, s.f. (description of the 
glands) adenography, 


(med.) the plague, 

(Tned.) inflammation of the tonsils 

and pharynx. 
*ADENOPHORE, adj. (bot.) bear- 
ing glands. 

(med.) inflammation of the mei- 

bomean glands, 
*ADfiNOPHYLLE, adj. (bot) 

with glands on the leaves, 
*ADENOPHyLLEES, adj. et s, 
/. pi. (bot.) a group of o.tafis. 
■"ADENOPODE, adj. (bot.) with 

glands on the petioles, 
ADENOS, s, 7n, adcnos or cotton 

of Aleppo; Turkey-cotton, 
*ADENOSTEMONE, adj. (bot) 

with glands on the filaments, 
*ADENOSTYLEES, adj. et s. f 

pi. (bot.) a tribe of synanthera. 
*ADENOSCLEROSE,s,/, (tned.) 

induration of the glands. 
*ADENOSE, s.f. (med.) chronic 

disease of the glands. 







r6be, r5b, 16rd, 

mflod, h6od, 






'ADENOTOMIE, s. /. {ana.) dis- 
section of the glands. 

ADENT, s. m. dental. 

»ADEPHAGES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(ent.) a family of coleoptera. 

ADEPTE, a-dSpt, s. m. (alchemy) 
an adept, one completely skilled, 
well versed. 

ADEQUAT, E, a-d4-k6o-at, adj. 

ADEKBIJAN, Aderbijan. 

*ADESMACES, adj. et a 
lamily of acephalophora. 

ADEXTRE, E, adj. (62.) is said 
of pieces which have another on 
their right. 

•ADHATODA, s.f. Malabar-nut, 

ADHERENCE, a-di-rans, s. /. 
adherence, adherency, adhesion. 
Adherence, attachment 

ADHERENT, E, a-da-ran,rant, 
adj. adherent, sticking to. 

Adherent, s. m. adherer, adhe- 
rent, follower, favourer. Un — 
z6li, a stickler. 
[Adhirent after the noun.] 

ADHfeRER, a-da-ra, t>. n. v. 77, 
to adhere, to be adherent, to 
cling, to hold, to cleave, to stick, 
(old law term) to adhere to, to 

ADHESION, a-da-zlon, js./ ad- 
hesion, adherency. 

Ad hoc {mots latins,) ad hoc, to 
that effect (yr purpose. 

AD HONORES, ad-h5-n6-rSs, 
{latin), ad honores, honorary. 

*ADIANTE, 5. m. {hot.) adiantum, 

*ADIANTIDEES, adj. et s.f. pi. 
{hot.) a family of polypodiaceze. 

*AD1APHANE, (not used), V. 

ADIAPHORE, adj. adiaphorous, 
neutral, indif^rent 

ADIAPHORISTE, s. m. elf. adia- 
phorict, a moderate Lutheran. 

PHORESE, s.f. {med.) defect of 
cutaneous perspiration, 

ADIEU, a-dI4u, adv. adieu, fare- 
well, good bye, good byt'ye,God 
be with you. — pour Jamais, fare- 
well for ever. Dire — , to bid 
adieu or farewell, to take one's 
leave. Adiep, Si la fihrre le 
prend, — le htm liomme, if a fever 
comes upon him, 'tis over with 
him. Sans — , without bidding 
you adieu, without taking leave 
of you, I am coming back, I shall 
see you again soon. — paniers, 
vendanges sonl faiies, 'tis all 
over, there's an end of it. 

Adieu, s. m. farewell, parting, 
leave. Un tendre — , a tender 
farewell. Faire ses — x, to bid 
adieu, to take one's leave. 
Adieu-va! (mar.) about ship! 
the order for tacking or veering 

ADIGE, s. m. (Italy,) Adige. 

*ADIL, s. m. aureus lupus, a wolf 


m. Angola sheep. 

ADIPEU-X, SE, i di-p«u, peuz, 
adj. {med.) adipous, adipose, fat. 
*ApiPIDE, s. /. {chim.) a class of 
principles, such as ethal, &c. 
*ADIPOCIRE, a-di-p6-slr, s. f. 
adipocire, adipocere. 
*ADIPSIE, s.f. {med.) absence of 

ADIRER, ». a. v. 3, to put out of 
the way, to lose, to mislay. 
■^ADISCAL, adj. {hot.) without 

ADITION, s.f. {jur.) the accept- 
ance of an inheritance. 
ADIVES ou ADIRES, ». m. V. 

ADJACENT, E, id-za-san, sant, 
{adj.) adjacent, bordering upon, 
neighbouring, contiguous. 
[Adjacent after the noun.] 
ADJECTIF, ad^4k-tlf, adj. et. 
s. m. igram.) adjective. 
[In French, the pronominal ad- 
jective uniformly precedes the 
noun, with the exception of quel- 
conque : une raison quelconque, any 
reason whatever, any one reason. 
Aucun occasionally iunns an ex- 
ception, but then usually in the 
sense o€ quelcoTique. See Aucun. 
The numeral adjective generally 
precedes its noun, except in cases 
of quotation : le premier livre, 
livre premier, booK first. The 
numeral adjective uniformly fol- 
lows proper names; Charles douze, 
Francois premier, Charles the 
Twelfth, Francis the First. 

Verbal adj formed from the 
pres. part, generally follow the 
noun : une personne s^uisanie, un 
livre attaclutnt, un esprit rampant ; 
except riant, charmant: une riante 
campa^ne, un cfiarmani ouvrage. 
Participial adjectives follow their 
noun : un objet aimd, un prince 
redouti, un secours assuri. 

Adjectives which express gene- 
ral qualities originating in the na- 
ture of the things themselves ge- 
nerally precede the nouns they 
qualify, when the intention of the 
speaker is to identify them with 
the persons or things in question: 
un bon liomme, un Tn^chantkomme, 
une grande maison, une grosse 
femTne, une petite JiUe. Thus we 
say honnete homme of one who 
possesses all the solid qualities 
constituting an estimable charac- 
ter, and homme honnlte (a civil 
man) of him who seems anxious 
to please by his politeness. Upon 
the same principle we say un ga- 
lant homme in much the same sense 
as honntte homme, and homme ga- 
lant pretty nearly as homme hon- 
nUe, with this exception, that the 
civilities of the former are ad- 
dressed to the fair. 

In the language of passion the 
adjective generally precedes the 
noun ; un aimabh ohjet, un tendre 
ajnour, de te?idres regards, un ado- 
rable ohjet ; un m^hant homme, un 
abominable homme. The case is 
the same in the language of admi- 
ration : un superhejardm, un ma- 
gnifique tableau. In the language 

of pity; il est dans une extrhne 
misere. Jl est dans une misere ex- 
treme would merely intimate that 
his distress is great, without infer- 
ring any intention on the part of 
the speaker to interest others in 
that distress. 

With adjectives which some- 
times precede and sometimes fol- 
low the noun, there must be some 
analogy between the adjective 
and the noun to admit of the for- 
mer construction ; thus we cannot 
say un sage homme, because homme 
does not necessarily infer any idea 
of sageness or wisdom ; though we 
can say un sage magistrat, both 
upon a principle of analogy and 
harmony. Thus adjectives ex- 
pressing a quality natural to the 
noun or subject may be placed 
before it ; bon vin, bon pain, mau- 
vais vin, grand arhre, petit arhre, 
excellent fruit. Those again which 
express an accidental quality, ge- 
nerally follow the noun ; pain bis 
(brown bread), pain blanc, viande 
dure, etc. If another adjective or 
any additional circumstance ac- 
company the first class of adjec- 
tives, then both generally follow 
the noun ; une belle ville ; une ville 
belle et grande ; du bon pain, du 
pain bon et bien cuit; un brave 
soldat, un soldat brave et inir^pide. 
If, however, both adjectives are 
equally in harmony with the idea 
expressed by the noun, then both 
may precede it ; thus we can say . 
un brave et intripide soldat; un 
iUustre et grave auteur ; though wo 
cannot say un illusire et classique 
auteur, because classique bears no 
necessary affinity, nor is it neces- 
sarily in harmony with the noun, 
in as much as it alludes rather to 
a dass than to an individual. 

Such adjectives then as denote 
the impression made on us by ex- 
ternal objects never precede the 
noun ; du pain hlanc, d-u drap 
rouge, du drap bleu, une surface 
unie, raboteuse, dure, molle, etc. ; 
un son aigre, une odeur forte, 
douce, suave. We say figuratively; 
une noire traJdson,unnoir attentat, 
etc. but here the adjective does not 
merely convey an idea of colour. 

Such adjectives as express the 
form of objects never precede the 
noun : rond, carrd, octogone, con- 
vexe, coneave. Such adjectives as 
perform the part of substantives 
never precede the noun : palais 
royal (d'un roi), pompe royale (d'un 
roi), tendresse paterneUe (d'un 
pere), principe grammatical (de 
grammaire). We say bonti divine, 
or divine bonti, because the quali- 
ty of goodness is in harmony with 
the nature of the Divinity. 

Adjectives expressing the point 
of view in which we consider 
things or persons, never precede 
the noun: une chose nicessaire, 
possible, ivwossible ; une idee o*rw> 
dvc, absurae ; un homme dange- 
reux, une maladie mortette, Morlel 
IS frequently put before the noun, 







antique ; 


Sbb, ov^r, j^une. 




but generally in Ibe sense of 
tedious, wearisome: trois mor- 
lelles Ueues. 

Such adjectives as express the 
state or situation of persons and 
things, those also which refer to 
habits, never precede the noun; 
un homme tranquille, caljne ; un 
homme oisif, contempltuif ; un 
homme ivre ; ime vie tranquille ; 
un homme vif, indolent, colere, en- 
iet6, etc, ; du drap mince, du drap 
ipais; un hois clair, un charion 
ardent. Such as express outward 
or accidental modification, also 
follow the noun : un homme aveu- 
gle, borgne, bossu, etc. ; du bois 
tordu; une houUille itoilie; un 
bktonnou£ux,pointu. And in short, 
such adjectives as merely distin- 
guish objects b^ genus, species, 
sort: un animal raisonnahle; un 
homme hlanc, noir, olivatre; un 
arbre fruitier, un arbre sauvage ; 
UTie perdrix rouge, grise ; mode 
franiiaise, anglaise, allemande ; 
mdthode latine ; accent gascon, nor- 
mand,plcard ; musique iialienne ; 
poeme t^pique; nom. suhstantif; 
nojn adjeciif ; pronom personnel ; 
verbe fwtif.] 

ADJECTION, ad-zek-sion, s /. 
adjection, addition. 
ADJECTIVEMENT, ad-2^k-ll^^ 
man, adv. (used only in gram- 
mar), adjectively. 
ADJOINDRE, ad-zwindr, v. a. 
V. 53, to associate, to give as an 
assistant, to join. 

ADJOINT, ad-2win, s, m. ad- 
junct, associate, colleague, as- 
sistant, deputy. 
ADJONCTION, ad-zo!ik-sion, 
s.f. ijur.) adjunction, association. 
AD.TUDANT, ad-EU-dan, s. m. 
(mil.) an adjutant. 
ADJUDICATAIRS, ad-zfi-di- 
ka-t6r, s. m. et f. the highest 
bidder; purchaser, lessee, con- 
etf. adjudicator, adjudger, 
ADJUDICATI-F, YE, adj. ad- 
judging. Arrh adjudicatif, ad- 

ADJUDICATION, ad-zfi-di-ka- 
siora, s.f. adjudication, adjudg- 
ing, awarding. 
ADJUGER, ad-zu-za, v. a. v. 79, 
to adjudge, to adjudicate, to 
s'Adjugek, D.r.v.79,to appropriate 
to one's own use ; to confiscate. 
ADJURATION, ad-zu-ra-sion, 
s.f. adjuration, adjuring. 
ADJURER, a.A<i\x-xi., v. a. v. 3, 
to adjure. Ji adjura le dimon, 
he adjured the devil. 
Adjurer, v. 3, to adjure, to con- 
jure, to call upon. 
*ADJUVANT, s. m. !.med.) adjuto- 

AD LIBITUM, ad-li-bi-t6m, 
(latin) ad libitum; as you will. 
to admit, to receive, to allow, to 
approve of, to suppose, to give 
admittance, to take in, to let in 
or into, to suffer to come into, to 

let enter. — quelqu'un a se jusii- 
fier, to give one a fair hearmg or 
trial. Ne pas — une proposition, 
to overrule it. — de nouveau, to 

ADMINICULE, ad-mi-ni-iftl, s. 
m. (jur.) (med.) adminicle, fur- 
therance, help, aid. Hii'yaijue 
des — s, there are ordy tonjec- 
tures, help, support Admini- 
CULES, ornaments that surround 
Juno in medals. 

nis-tra-t§ur, s. m. administrator, 
manager, trustee, governor. 

nis-tra-tif, tlv, adj. administra- 

nis-tra-eiow, s.f. administi-ation, 
management, government, go- 
vernance, conduct. 

adv. administratively, 

nis-tra-tris, s.f. she that is en- 
trusted with the management of 
affairs ; administratrix, guardian. 

ADMINISTRER, ad-mi-nis-tra, 
V. a. v. 3, to administer, to ma- 
nage, to officiate, to govern, to 
minister, to dispense. — des ii- 
moins, des preuves, des litres, 
(jur.) to give in evidence, to 
bring proofs, to produce titles, to 
procure evidence. 

ADMINISTRES, ad-mi-nis-trS, 
s. pi. the governed, 

ADMIRABLE, ad mi-rabl, adj. 
admirable, wonderful, rare, ex- 
cellent, marvellous, wondrous, 
transcendent. (Jam. et iron!) 
Elleest — , I wonder at her. Voas 
kles — de me gronder, its very 
pretty in you to scold me. 
[Admirable after the noun ; 

sometimes precedes it in a case of 

analogy : cette admirable conduiie. 

See Adjectif.] , 

rabl-man, adv. admirably, won- 
derfully, curiously, marvellously. 
(fam. et iron) mighty or mighti- 
ly, bravely, rarely, wonderfully, 
[Admirablement after the verb.1 

ra-tSur, tris, s. m. et f. admirer, 

ADMIRATI-F, VE, ad-mi-rSi-tif, 
tlv, adj. (gram.) of admiration or 
exclamation. Un point admira- 
tif, a note of admiration. Cor- 
neiUe excelle dans le genre admi- 
ratif, Corneille excels in what- 
ever is calculated to excite ad- 

ADMIRATION, ad-mi-ra-siora, 
s.f. admiration, wonder, marvel. 

ADMIRER, ad-mi-ra, v. a. v. 3. 
to admire, to wonder at, to have 
in admiration. Xadmire que 
vous osiez venir, I wonder that 
you should dare to come. 

ADMIS, E, part. d'Admettre, v. 
55, admitted, etc. Admis au 
droit de iour|§'eoisie,enfranchised , 
made a freeman. 

ADMISSIBLE, id-mi-sibl, Oii; 
allowable, admissible. 

ADMISSION, 4d-raI-sion, «. /. 
admission, admittance, recep- 

ADMITTATUR, s. m. (Za(m/,ia 
term used by ecclesiastics;, ad- 

ADMONETE, s. m. (jur.) the ad- 
monishing, or reprimanding ; ad- 
monition, reprimand. 

ADMONfiTER, ad-m5-na-td, v. 
a. V. 77^ to admonish, to v/arn, 
to reprimand. 

nl-t§ur, trls, s. m. et f. admoni- 
tor, monitor, monitresa. 

ADMONITION, ad-m6-ni-slo7i 
s. f. admonition, warning, ad 
vice, exhortation, admonishing. 

*ADNE, dJj. (hot. el ona(.) adnate 
adhering to. 

ADOLESCENCE, a-d6-IS-san3, 
5. /. adolescence, adolescency. 
H est encore dans V' — , he is still 
a youth. 

ADOLESCENT, E, a-d6-14-san, 
sant, s. m. etf. a youth, a youug 
man ; a yotmg woman. C^est un 

jeune — , he is a young fool. 

Adolescekt, e, adj. adolescent, 

ADONC, conj. et adv. then. (It 
is old.) 

ADONIEN, a-d5-ni-f n, adj. ado- 
nic. Vers — s, adonic verses. 

ADONIQUE, a-d5-nlk, V. Ado- 


ADONIS, a-d6-nis, s. m. (myth.^ 
Adonis. *Adonis, (flying fish), 
adonis, (a plant,) adonis, phea- 

ADONISER, a-do-ni-za, v. a. v. 
3, to deck out, to make fine, to 

s'Adoniser, v. r. v. 3, to dizen 
one's self out, to make one's sell 
an Adonis, to deck one's self like 
an Adonis. 

ADONISEUR, s. m. a beau, an 

*ADONISTE, s. m. (bot.) one who 
describes a botanic garden. 

ADONNE, E,part. d'Adonner, v. 
3, addicted, given, inclined. 

ADONNER, V. n. v. 3, (mar.) to 
veer aft or forward ; to come in 
favour. Le vent adtmne, the wind 
veers aft, the wind becomes fa- 

s'Adonner, sa-d6-nd, v. r. v. 3, 
to give, to apply, to devote, to 
addict, one's self (to a thing), to 
give one's mind (to it), to follow, 
to take to (a thing.) (N. B. To 
addict one's self is generally used 
in a bad sense.) b'Adonneh d 
un lieu, d, une personne, to fre- 
quent a place or to be a person 
often at a place. Si votre chemin 
s" yadonne, iiyoM. come this way. 

ADOPTANT, a-dop-tan, s. m. 
(jur.) adopter. 

ADOPTER, a-d6p-ta, t>. o. v..3, 
to adopt, to take one to be one's 
child, to embrace, to espouse, to 
give into. 

ADOPTI-F, VE, a-d6p.tif, tlv, 



field, fig, vin : 

i-Abo, r6b. 

l(>rd, mAod, hfiod, vus, mo7i: bise, but, brun. 

a>Sj. adoptive, by adoption. En- 

fanU — s, adoptive children, cliil- 

dren by adoption. 
\Adoplif always after the noun.] 

ADOPTION, a-d5p-sion, s. /. 

ADOR, s. m. {anliq.) [pure wheat, 
whence adorea), ador, adorea. 

ADORABLE, a-d6-rabl, adj. 
adorable. Unkomme — , a charm- 
ing man. 
[Adorablemay precede the noun 

in passionate language ; often does 

BO in elevated composition : ado- 
rable mystere! adorables desseins 

de la Providence .'] 

ADORAT-EUR, RICE, a-d6-ra- 
tSur, tris, s. m. eif. adorer, wor- 
shipper. Je suis un de ses — 5, I 
am one of her admirers. Ado- 
ratesiur is used as an adjective. 
Un peuple — , an adoring or an 
admiring people. 

ADORATION, a-d5-ra.-sion, s.f. 
adoration, worshipping, worship, 
admiration, respect, reverence. 
It is said that (in pape est fait 
par voie d' — , when all the car- 
dinals go to acknowledge one of 
their body as pope, and compli- 
ment him as such without any 
previous election. 

ADORER, a-d6-ra, v. a. v. 3, to 
adore, to worship, to prostrate 
one's self before, to honour, to 
respect in a high degree, to have 
a passionate love for. 
[Adori after the noun.] 

ADOS, a-d6, s. m. (hori.) a shelv- 
ing-bed, a border against a wall. 

ADOSSE, E, part. d'Adosser, 
V. 3, (6Z.) (ana.) (painting), adoss- 
ed, back to back. 

ADOSSEMENT, s. m. backing, 
putting back to back. 

ADOSSER, a-d6-sa, v. a. v. 3, 
to set or lean one's back against 
a thing, to put back to back. — 
un b&HmeTit conire un rocker, to 
build a house against a rock. 
ADOUBER, a-d6o-ba, ». n. v. 3, 
{trictrac, etc.) to touch a piece 
only in order to set it right, not 
to play. 

Adouber, v. a. V. 3, to mend, (it 
is not French in this sense ; it is 
a provincialism). V. Radouber. 
ADOUCIR, a-d6o-slr, c. a. v. 4, 
to soften, to mitigate, to sweeten, 
to disembitter, to moderate, to 
modify, to compose, to calm, to 
smooth, to render bland. Adou- 
CIR, to alleviate, to ease, to allay, 
10 lenify, to soften, to mitigate, 
to assuage, to moderate, to soothe, 
to temper, to relieve. Adoucir, 
to allay, to cool, to appease, to 
calm, to mollify, to sooth, to as- 
suage, to mitigate, to pacify, to 
soften, to humanize, to tame. 
Adoucir le blanc, (gilding on 
wood), to smooth in water. Adoi;- 
CIR. fcabinet making), to smooth, 
to polish. 

s' Adoucir, t. r. v. 4, to grow 
sweet, soft, cool, mild or gentle; 
to be assuaged, appeased, miti- 
gated ; to rblent. 
•ADOUCISSANT, E, a-dflo-sis- 

san, sant, adj. (med.) softening, 

*Adoucissant, s. m. (med.) emol- 
lient, moUi-ler. 

ADOUCISSEMENT, a-d6o-sis- 
man, s. m. a sweetening, soften- 
ing, mollifying ; assuaging, leni- 
fymg, appeasing. Adoucissk- 
MKNT, ease, mitigation, allevia- 
tion, mollilication, dulcification, 
easement, relief, consolation. II 
y a quelque — dans le temps, the 
weather is something milder. 
ADOUCISSEMENT, Corrective, soft- 
ening means, conciliating expe- 
dient. ADOUCISSEMENT, iflrch.) 

V. Gorge et Cavet. 

ADOUCISSEUR, s. m. a polisher 
of glass. 

ADOUE, E, a-d6o-a, adj. cou- 
pled, paired. Les perdrix sont 
adouies, partridges are paired. 

AD PATRES, ad-pa-tras, (latin, 

fajn.) AUer — , to sleep with 
one's fathers. 

i-ADRACHNE, s. m. adrachne, 
strawberry-tree. V. Arbousier. 

ADRAGANT, E, s. m. adtaganth, 
tragacanth, gum-dragon. 

RAGANTITE, s. f. (cMm.) ve- 
getable mucilage. 

AD REM, {latin.) Repondre—, to 
give a direct and explicit answer. 

ADRESSANT, E, adj. directed. 
(Used only in law.) Lettres pa- 
tentes adressantes au parlement, 
letters patent'directed to'parlia- 

ADRESSE, a-drSs, s.f. direction, 
address. Bureau d^ — , an office 
of intelligence. Unefausse — , a 
wrong direction. Adresse, skill, 
dexterity, adroitness, expertness, 
handiness, cleverness. Address, 
wit, art, ingenuity, skilfulness, 
contrivance. Shrewdness, sub- 
tilty, artifice, wile, slyness, cun- 
ning. Avec maladresse, against 
the grain, clumsily, awkwardly, 
Avec — , handily. Tour d' — , le- 
gerdemain. Adresse, an ad- 
dress. L' — des communes, the 
address of the commons. 

ADRESSER, a-drd-sa, v. a, v. 3, 
to direct, to address. Adresser 
Za parole d grueltpi'un,. to speak to 
any one. — une priere a Dieti, to 
put up a prayer to God. — ses pas, 
to direct one's steps. Adresser 
un Uvre, to address, to dedicate 
a book. 

Adresser, v. n. v. 3, to hit the 

s'A dresser, V, r. v. 3, to be di- 
rected s'Adresser, v. 3, d quel- 
qu^un, to speak or talk to one. 
s'Adresser, to address one's self, 
to apply, to make one's applica- 
tion (to one). Oil s^adressent ies 
pasl whither art thou going? 

ADRIA, s. m. Adria. 

ADROIT, E, a-drwa,drwat,ori7. 
dexterous, ingenious, clever, 
skilfiil, adroit. Handy, neat. 
Cunning, subtle, crafty, shrewd, 
sly, artful. 

Adroit, s, m. (generally used in 

a bad sense,! a subtle, cunning 

[Adroit may precede the noun 
in a case of analogy : une adr&Ue 
politique ; and in the language of 
indignation: un adroit coquin. See 

ADROITEMENT, a-drwit-man 
adroitly, dexterously, skilfully 
artfully, craftily, cleverly, cun- 
ningly, subtilely, happily. Smart- 
ly, neatly, gainly, handily, in a 
handy manner. 

[Adroitement may come between 
the auxiliary and the verb.] 


ADULAT-EUR, RICE, a-du-la- 
tdur, tris, s. m. eif. adulator, flat- 
terer, fawner, sycophant Para- 
site, toad-eater. 

ADULATI-F, VE, adj. adulatory. 

ADULATION, a-dil-la-sion, s.f. 
adulation, flattery. 

ADULER, 1). a. et n. v. 3, to fawn 
upon, to cringe to, to flatter, to 

ADULTE, a diilt, adj. et s. adult, 
grown up. 

ADULTERATION, a-dfll-tSr-a- 
sion, s.f. adulteration. Sophisti- 
cation. ^ 

ADULTERE, a-diil-t4r, adj. el. s 
adulterous {adj.); adulterer, adul- 
teress, (subst.) Un milange — , 
(Jig.) base and foreign mixture. 
Adux-tisre, adultery. 
[Adultire after the noun.] 

ADULTERER, v. n. v. 77, (not 
used,) to commit adultery. 

Adulterer, v. a. y. 77, to adul- 

ADULTERIN, E. a-dul-ta-rin, 
tin, adj. begotten in adultery, 
adulterine, bastard. (It is used 
as a suhst.) Les aduUerins, adul- 
[Adidtdrin follows the noun.] 

*ADUNCIROSTRES, adj.etsm. 
pi. (ora.) an order of birds with 
nooked bills. 

ADUSTE, adj. (med.) adust, 
adusted, hot, dj 

iDUSTI "" 

t, dry. 

ADUSTION, s.f. (jned.) adustion. 

*AD-UTERUM, s. m. (ana.) the 
oviduct in birds. 

ADVENIR, V. n. V. Avenir. 

ADVENTICE, adj. (astron.) ad- 
ventitious, additional. (Used 
only in this phrase.) Les rayons 
adventices (des 4toiies), the addi- 
tional rays (of the stars). 

ADVEN'TI-F, VE, ad-van-tif, 
tiv, adj. (jur.) adventitious, ad- 
ventive, casual. 

ADVERBE, ad-v4rb, s. m. an ad- 

ADVERBIAL, E, ad-v6r-blal, 
adj. adverbial. 
(Adverbial after the noun.] 

bi-al-man, adv. adverbially, like 
an adverb. 
[AdverUalement always after 

the verb.] 

ADVERSAIRE, ad-vJr-sJr, ».m. 
etf. an adversary, opponent, an- 
tagonist, oppugner, opposer. 







antique : 


fibb, ovi3r 





ADVERSATIVE, ad-ver-si-tlv, 

adj. adversative. Mais est une 

canjonclion — , but is an adversa- 
tive conjunction, 

ADVERSE, ad-v4rs, adj. ad- 
verse, opposite. 
[Adverse seldom used, except 
with the words/orfuTie sxiA pariie. 
Adverse fortune may be said poeti- 
cally ] 
ADVERSITE, ki-^hi-sUi, s.f. 

adversity, calamity, affliction, 

trouble, misery, tribulation. 
ADVERTANCE, s. /. (an old 

word,) advertence, advertency. 
♦ADYNAMIE, a-di-na-mi, s.f. 

(rued.) atony. 
*ADYNAMIQUE, a-di-na-mik, 

adj. irned.) putrescent, putrid. 

PILE. s. m. {.vet ) a hair-ball. 
*.(EGIALITES, adj.. el s. f. pi. 

(.orn.) a family of Grallffi. 
•jEGILOPINEES, adj. et s.f. pi. 

(hot.) a tribe of Gramineie. 
'jEGILOPS, s. m. (jned.) an ulcer 

in the lachrymal sac, goat's eye. 
*yEGITHALES, adj. el s. m. pi. 

(.am.) the bee-eaters. 
*.fflGOCEPHALE, adj. {orn.) sco- 

lopax lEgocephala. 
*.iEGOLETHRON, s. m. (a shrub 

of Colchis,) ffigolethron. 
•jEGOLIENS, adj. et s. m. pi. 

{orn.) a family of , birds. 
*iEGYPTIAC, s. m. {med.) an 

AENEOCfiPHALE, adj. with a 

copper-coloured head. 
AENOTHIONIQUE, adj. {chim.) 

AERE, E, a-a-ra, adj. situated 

in a fine air, well situated, airy. 
AERER, a-a-ra, v. a. v. 77, to 

air. To air, expel the bad air. 

To give light and air to, to make 

lighlsome and airy. 
♦AERICOLE, adj. inhabiting air. 
*AF,RIDUCTE, s. m. {ent.) respi- 
ratory organs of certain insects. 
AERIEN, NE, a-a-rifn, riSn, 

adj. aerial, ethereal. 

[Adrien follows the noun.] 
*AERIENS, adj. et s. (bot.) 

a section of fungi, 
AERIER, a-a-ria,.j).a.y. Aerer. 
*AERTFERE, adj. {bot. and ana.) 



AERIFORME, a-a-ri-fflrm, adj. 
des-deux genres, aeriform. 
[A'drifwme after the noun.] 

'AERIQUES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(mm.) a class of minerals, (com- 

'ATf.RITES, adj. et s. m. pi. ani- 
mals living in the air. 

■relating to atmospheric pressure. 

•AEROGASTRES, adj. et s. m. 
■pi. (6o(.) a section of fungi. 

^AEROGNOSIE, <../. nat. history 
of the air, 

AEROGRAPHIE, s. /. aerogra- 

*AEROHYDRE, ad;, a mineral 
with a cavity containing air and 

♦AEROLITHE, s. m. a stone fall- 
en from the clouds, aerolith, 

AEROLOGIE, s.f. aerology, the 
theory of the air. 

AEROMANCIE, s.f. aeromancy. 

AEROMETRE, s. m. aerometer. 

AEROMETRIE, s.f. aerometry. 

AERONAUTE, a-a-r6-nfit, s. 
aeronaut, one who sails through 
the air. 

♦AEROPHONES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
{orn.) a family of Grallse. 

*AEROPH0BIE, s.f. {med.) dread 
of air. 

*AEROPHORE, adj. {ana.) air- 
conducting (vessels). 

AEROPHYTE, s. /. a plant 
which vegetates in the air. 

AEROSPHERE, s.f. the atmo- 

AEROSTAT, a-a-r5s-ta, s. m. 

AEROSTATION. a-a-r6s-ta- 
siow, s.f. aerostation. 

AEROSTATIQUE, adj. aerosta- 
[Adrostatiqiie after the noun.] 

AEROZOES, adj. et s. m. pi. a 
division of the animal kingdom, 
comprising the vertebrate and 
articulated animals. 

♦^RUGINEUX, adj. rusty or 
reddish-brown colour. 

*.^SCULINE, s.f. {chim.) a sub- 
stance found in the cesculus hip- 

^SPING, s.f. (a snake of Smo- 
land,) cesping. 

*.iESTHEME, s. m. {med.) sensa- 

*^STHESIE, s.f. {med.) sensi- 

*^STHETERE, s. m. {ana.) the 
common sensorium. 

*AETHALINS, adj. et s. m. pi. 
{bot.) a tribe of fungi. 

*AETHEOGAME, adj. et ^. f. 
{bot.) a plant belonging to the 

*AETHEOGAMIE,s. m. (hot.) tlie 
same as cryptogamie. 

*.«THER, V. Ether. 

*JETHIOPS, V. Etjiiops. 

*jETI0L0G1E, V. Etiologie. 

*^TITE, s./.setites, eagle-stone. 

.(ETNA, s. m. Etna. 

AFFABILITE, a-fa-bi-11-ta, s. 

/. affability, affableness, conde- 
scension, kindness. 

AFFABLE, a-f ibl. adj. af&ble, 
courteous, of easy manners, kind, 
complacent, complaisant. 
[Affable may precede the noun 

when in strict analogy with it;. 

un affable homme, une affable 

femme cannot be said; affable 

bonti, affable douceur might be 

said. See Adjectif.] 

AFFABLEMENT, adv. (little 

used,) affably, courteously, kind- 

A^^FABULATION, a-fa-bft-l&. 
sion, s.f. affabulation, the moral 
of a fable. 

AFFADIR, a-a-dlr, v. a. v. 4, to 
make unsavoury or insipid, to 
flatten. Affadir, to be nause- 
ous, to accloy, to cloy, to satiate. 
La tarte a la creme m'a affadi fe 
cceur, the cream-tart turned my 

AFFADISSEMENT, s. m. cloy- 
ment, cloying, nausea, satiety. 

AFFAIBLIR, a-fS-bllr, v. a. v. 4, 
to enfeeble, to weaken, to debi- 
litate. Affaiblir, to impair 
Affaibjlir, to debase, to alter. 

Affaiblir, v. n. v. 4, to grow 
weak, to weaken, to droop. 

s' Affaiblir, v. r. v. 4, to grow 
weak, to be impaired. 

AFFAIBLISSANT, E, a-fi-bli- 
san, sant, adj. v. weakening, en- 
[Affaiblissant follows the noun.] 

man, s. m. weakening, enfee- 
bling, debilitation, impairment, 
diminution of strength, infirmity. 
IJ — des monnaies, the debasing 
of the coin. 

AFFAIRE, a-f4r, s.f a thing, an 
affair, matter, doing. Cela nefait 
rien d V- — , that's nothing to the 
purpose. Voyez un peu la belle 
— ! a fine matter truly, to make 
such a pother about ! Affaire, 
af^ir, business, concern, call, 
job, employ, avocation. J'ai 
d'autres — s, I have something 
else to do. C'est une—, 'tis hard 
to do. Ce rCest pas une — . that is 
not difficult to do. Affaire, 
dealing, concern, business, afKiir. 
Une — d'honn£ur, an affair of ho- 
nour. Sortir d'une — avec lion- 
neur, se bien tirer d' — , to come 
off honourably. Avotr — d forte 
parlie, to catch a Tartar. Af- 
faire, job, affair, trouble, scrape, 
quarrel. II m'a fait une — avec 
elle, he has made me fall out 
with her. iSe tirer d' — , to get 
out of trouble. *Se tirer d' — , to 
recover (from an illness.) Af- 
faire, action, case, cause, law- 
suit. Affaire, action, fight, skir- 
mish, battle. Affaire, need, 
occasion, want. Avoir — d'ar- 

5 ent, to have occasion for money, 
'at — de vous, I want you. J'ai 
voire — , I have what you want ; 
I shall fit you. Qu'aije — de tout 
cela? what is all that to me? 
Affaire, business, province, 
employ, work, transaction. C'est 
mon — , leave that to me. Jen 
fais mon — , I undertake that, I 
take thatupon myself Affaires, 
offairs, concern, business, inte- 
rest.— pMi/ijMcs, public affairs. 
—d'Etal, state af&ira Versidans 
les—, politic. Hnmme d' — , proc- 
tor, procu rator. Point d'— , I am 
off; I'll have nothing to do witli 
it; no more of that. Ses—sonl 
nettes, his affairs are unencum- 
bered ; dicousues, scattered. Set 




field, fig. 



r6b, lord. 

mdod, h&od, 






-sotU faites, his business is 
done ; 'Us all over wilh him. Vn 
homme d' — s, a manager (in a fa- 
mily,) a steward. Les gens d' — , 
those who farm the revenue of 
the state, as the commissioners 
of the customs, excise, land-tax, 
etc. Faire ses — , to do one's 
needs or one's business. Aller d 
ses — , to go to the necessary- 
house. Chaise d' — , the king's 
close-stool. Brevet d' — , the pri- 
vilege of going in when the 
king is upon his close-stool. Elle 
a ses — , she has her courses. 
Affaire, s. m. ce mot s'emploie 
an tnascuHn pour designer d'une 
mani^re modesle certaines parties 
du corps hwnain, thing. 

[Affaire, avoir affaire a quel- 
qu'un, to have to do, to deal with 
one superior in power, strength, 
etc. to ourselves; avoir affaire 
avec que^uun, to have to do 
with one in the way of business, 
discussion, dispute ; avoir affaire 
de qu^lqu'un, to have a job, some- 
thing (or one to do, to stand in 
need of one.} 

AFFAIRE, E, k-fi-ii.adj- (Jam.) 
full of business, busy. 
AFFAISSE, E, part. d'Affaiser, 
V. 3, sunk. 
AFFAISSEMENT, a-fis-man, 
5. m. depression, sinking, sub- 
siding, or giving way, weighing 
AFFAISSER, a-fS-sa, v. a. v. 3, 
to cause to sink, to weigh down, 
to press down, to bear down. 
b'Affaisser, v. r. v. 3, to sink 
(with too much weight,) to give 

AFFAITER unfaucon, v. a. v. 3, 
to tame a hawk. 

A-FFALE, E, part. d'AffiOer, y. 3, 
{mar.) lowered, shifted; wind- 
bound, thr.t cannot get off from 
the shore to have sea-room. Le 
vaisseau est — , the ship is wind- 
bound, embayed upon a lee- 
AFFALER, k-ik-U, v. a. v. 3, to 
lower, to let go amain. — unpa- 
Ian, to fleet a tackle or to shift it. 
Affaler, to embay or drive 
upon a lee-shore. 
s'Affaler, v. r. v. 3, (mar.) to 
slide down, to be embayed or 
driven upon a lee-shore. 
AFFAME, E, part. d'Affamer, v. 
3, famished, starved. Adj. hun- 
gry, starving, craving. (Fig.) 
greedy of; eager for, after or to. 
Affami de sang, blood-thirsty. Je 
suis affavU de h voir, I am eager 
to see him. 

Affa-mer, v. 3, too scanty, too 
short or too strait. Habit affami, 
a coat, too scanty, either too 
short or too strait. Venture af- 
famie, lettres affamdes, writing or 
letters not bold or strong enough. 
AFFAMER, k-li-mi, v. a. v. 3, 
to famish, to starve. — un habit, 
to make a coat too scanty. — son 
icriture (2a faire trop diUie,) to 
make one's writing not bold 

enough, to write too small or too 

s. m. (jur.) feoflftnent. 

AFFEAGER, k-fi-kz-i, v. a. v. 
79, (jur.) to give a part of one's 
fief to be held by fief or soccage ; 

AFFECTATION, a-fJk-ta-sion, 
s. /. affectation, affectedness. 
AFFECTATtoN, appropriation, as- 
signment; mortgage, charge. 

AFFECTE, E, adj. et part. d'Af- 
fecter, v. 3, affected, stiff! Af- 
fect^, assigned, destined, appro- 
priated. &s lerres sont affectdes 
au paiement, the larids are appro- 
priated or subject to the payment. 
Affecte, belonging to. Affec- 
T&, affected, afflicted, moved. 
*AFFECTfi, (med.) affected 

AFFECTER, a-f^k-ti, u. a. v. 3,' 
to appropriate, to entail, to con- 
secrate, to assign, to destine, to 
appoint. II affectera une somme 
sujjisante, he will appoint a suf- 
ficient sum. Affecter, to have 
a liking to, to have a preference 
for. Je n'en affecte aucun, I have 
no choice. Affecter, to affect, 
to endeavour to appear. II af- 
fecte Fair distrait, he affects an 
air of abstraction. Affecter, 
to affect, to pretend to, to as- 
sume. Affecter, to affect too 
much, to employ too often. — cer- 
tains gestes, to affect certain ges- 
tures. — certains mots, to employ 
certain words too often. Af- 
fecter, to affect, to touch, to 
move. — vivemcnt, to penetrate. 
Affecter, to aspire to, to seek, 
to desire. *Affeotek, (med.) to 
affect. "Affecter, (chim.) to 
take, to assume. 

s' Affecter, v. r. v. 3, to be af- 
fected or moved. s'Affecter, 
to be affected. Sa poitrine com- 
mence & s' — , his lungs begin to 
be affected. 

AFFECTI-F, VE, a-f^k-tif, tlv, 
a^. affecting, which inspires 
with affection ; pathetic, moving. 
AFFECTION, a-fek-sion, s.f. af- 
fection, love, attachment, liking, 
kindness, tenderness, earnest- 
ness, good-will, inclination. — cor- 
diale, heartiness. — extreme, fond- 
ness. "Affection, (med.) affec- 
tion. — nerveuse, nervous affec- 
tion. Affection, (phys.) affec- 
tion, effect or change produced 
in a body. Affection, affection, 
fectianner, v. 3, affectionate, fond, 
loving, well-affected. 
V. a. V. 3, to love, to have an affec- 
tion for, to fancy, to be fond of, 
to like. Affectionner, to take 
an interest in, to interest one's 
.self in; to espouse, 
s' Affectionner a, v. r. v. 3, to 
apply one's self to a thing with 
delight, to attach one's self to, to 
delight in, to take delight in. 

tii-euz-man, adv. affectionately, 
fondly, kindly, friendly, heartily. 
[Affectueusemeni always after 
the verb.] 

AFFECTUEU-X, SE, S,-fik-tii. 
£u. 6uz, adj. affectionate, affec- 
tuous, warm-hearted, hearty, 
kind, tender, pathetic. 

[Affectueux may precede the 
noun when harmony and ana- 
logy admit of it; ceite affectueuie 

AFFERENT, E, a-fd-ran, rant, 
adj. (jur.) allotted part, the share 
coming or due to one. 
AFFERMER, k-tir-mi,v.a.v.3, 
to lease out; to farm or let out 
by lease ; to take a lease of, to 
take upon lease, to rent. 
AFFERMIR, a-f*r-mlr, v. a. v. 4, 
to slrengthen, (o give strength 
to; to make firm or strong; to 
make fast, to fasten ; to harden, 
make hard or firm. — les dents, to 
fiisten the teeth. Affermissez 
voire pied, set your foot upon sure 
ground. Affermir, to confrnn, 
to fortify, to slrengthen, to esta- 
blish, to fix firmly. — le courage, 
to strengthen courage, etc. 
s'Affermir, v. r. v. 4, to become 
or grow strong, firm or fast; to 
harden or grow hard ; to fortify 
one's self, to be confirmed, to 
persist in. 5' — coTitre les dangers, 
to fortify one's mind against dan- 
mis-man, s. m. strengthening, 
fastening. Affermisskment, 
confirming, settling, confirma- 
tion, settlement, establishment; 
stay, support, prop. Dieu est le 
seul — de nos ames, God is the 
only strength and support of our 

AFFETE, E, a-f4-ta, adj. affect- 
ed, full of affectation, prim, fini- 
cal. Mine — e, affected looks or 

[Affile always follows the noun.] 
AFFETERIE, a-fet-rl,s./. affec- 
tation, affectedness; finicalness, 
primness; affected, formal way. 
L' — du style, the primness of the 

FETTO, adj. et adv. (Italian mu- 
sic, said of an air executed with 
tenderness and grace,) affettuoso, 
con affetto. 
AFFEURER, ti. a. V. Afforer. 
AFFICHE, a-fish, s.f. a posting- 
bill, a bill or paper posted up. — 
de comidie, a play-bilL *Petites 
— 5, an advertising journal so 
called. — de balelicr, a boat-hook. 
AFFICHER, a-fi-sha, v. a. v. 3, 
to post up, to put up a bill or 
paper; to publish, to proclaim, to 
divulge, to advertise (in a jour 
nal.) Afficher sa Jtonte, to pub- 
lish one's own shame. Afficher 
le bel esprit, to set up for a wit, 
Afficher I'irriligion, to affect irre 
ligious sentiments, or to avow 
them openly. 

s'Affichek, v. r. v. 3 Cette 
femme s'afflche, that woman ob' 



bar, bat, base, aniique 

thfere, ebb, ov^r, j^une, mfeute, bfiurre, li^n: 

serves no decency, she braves 
public opinion. Affichkr le 
cuir, (shoetnaking,) to pare the 
lealher (of u shoe upon the last.) 

AFFICHEUR, a-fi-shfiur, s. m. 

AFFIDE, E, a-fi-tla, adj. trusty, 
on wlioni one relies. Un de mes 
~s, one of my trusty friends. 
[Ajfidd alwavs alter the noun.] 

AFFILE, E, adj. et part. d'AJfder, 
V. 3, set, whetted, sharpened; 
keen, ' Elle a le coquet, le bee 
bien — , la langue bien — e, she 
has a nimble tongue ; her tongue 
runs glib. Affile, thin, slender. 

AFFlLER,a-fi-la, v.o. v. 3, to set; 
to set an edge on, to sharpen, to 
■whet, to eage^^MTi rasoir, to 
set or whet a razor. Affiler, 
(hort.) to set in a row. Affiler, 
(arts,) to lengthen or draw out 
(like wire.) 

AFFILEUR, s. m. [cutlery,) setter. 

AFFILIATION, a-ri-lia-sion, s. 

f. afliiiation, admittance into a 
community, adoption. 

AFFIIJER, a-fl-li-a, v. a. v. 3, 
to receive, to affiliate, to adopt, 
to admit. 

s'Affilier, v. r. v. 3, to get affi- 
liated or admitted. 

AFFINAGE, k-n-nkz, s. m. affi- 
nage (of metals,) refining (of me- 
tals or sugar.) Drap d' — , well 
napped and 'shorn cloth, broad- 

AFFINEMENT, s. m. V. Affi- 


AFFINER, a-fi-na, v. a. v. 3, to 
iine, to refine. Affmer lechanvre, 
to make the hemp finer. Ajfiner 
le carton, (in book-binding,) to 
strengthen the pasteboard. — le 

fromxige, to improve or ripen 
cheese. Affiner, (in this sense 
it is old,) to cheat or trick one, 
to chouse. 

b'Affiner, v. r. v. 3, to be refined, 
to improve. Le sucre s'affine, 
sugar is refined. Ce fr&mage 
s'affinera, that cheese will ripen. 
S'Affiner, (arts,) to become 
thinner and more compact. (Fig.) 
JJesprit s^affijie par la conversa- 
tion, conversation quickens or 
.sharppns the wit. 

AFFINERIE, a-fin-rl, ou TRE- 
FILERIE, s. /. a little forge 
where iron is made into wire; 

AFFINEUR, a-fi-n^'ur. s. m. a 
refiner, finer (of gold or silver ;) 
.hemp or flax-dresser. 

AFFIMTE, a-fi-ni-ta, s.f. affi- 
nity, alliance by marriage, kin- 
dred, cognation, relationship ; 
acquaintance, agreement, fami- 
liarity, friendship. — spirituelh, 
spiritual alliance contracted by 
sponsors at a baptism. 

AFFINOIR, a-fi-nwar, s. m. (in 
hemp-dressing,) a hatchel or 

AFFIQUET, «. m. a knitting- 

AFFIQUETS, a-firftfe, s. m. pi 

■ women's dressing-toys, baubles, 
trinkets, implements, (fam.) 

AFFIRMATI-F, VE, a-fir-ma- 
tif, tlv, adj. affirmative; posi- 
tive, peremptory;. Parler d'un 
ton — , to be positive^ to speak in 
a positive manner. Phrase — ve, 
{gram.) affirmative sentence. 
[Ajirmaiif always after the 

AFFIRMATION, i-fir-ma-sion, 
s. f. affirmation, assertion. {JLo- 
gic,) affirmation, predication. 
{Jar.) affidavit, oath ; seconde — , 

AFFIRMATIVE, s.f. the affir- 
mative, assertive. Freridre V — , 
to be for the affirmative. Pren- 
dre V — pour quelqu'un, to take 
somebody's part. 

ma-tlv-man, adv. affirmatively, 
positively; by way of affirma- 
tion or asseveration. 
{Affirmativemeni after the verb,] 

AMRMER, a-fir-ma, v. a. v.3. 
to affirm, to avouch, to assert, to 
assure, to maintain. Affirmer, 
(jur.) to make an affidavit, to 
take one's oath, to swear, to con- 
firm with an oath, (log.) to pre- 


AFFISTOLER, v. a. v. 3, to dress 
or to adorn finically. (Old.) 

AFFIXE, adj. (gram.) affix. 

AFFLEURER, v. a. v. 3, {arch.) 
to level ; (mar.) to fay. 

AFFLICTI-F, VE, a-flik-tif, tlv, 
adj. (used only in the feminine 
and with the virord peine), af- 
flictive, corporal. Unepeine — ue, 
a corporal punishment. 
[Affliciif after the noun.] 

AFFLICTION, i-flifc.sio7i, s. f. 
affliction, grief, trouble, anguish, 
dejectedness, desolation, sorrow, 
tribulation, trial, vexation. 

AFFLIGE, E, a.ij. suhst. afflicted, 
grieved, dejected, disconsolate. 

AFFLIGEANT, E, i-fll-ian, 
zint, adj. afflicting, afflictive, 
grievous, heavy, woful, sad. ' 
[Ajjiigeant may precede the 

noun in a case of harmony and 

analogy : celte affiigeante nouveUe. 

See Adjectif.] 

AFFLIGER, a-fll-sd, v. a. v. 79, 
to afflict, to grieve, to vex, to 
trouble, to cast down, to deso- 
late, to mortify. — son corps, to 
mor'lfy one's body. 

s'Affliger, v. r. v. 79, to grieve, 
to be concerned, to droop ; to be 
afflicted, troubled, cast down, 
sorrowful ; to disquiet one's self 

AFFLUENCE, a-flft-ans, s. f. 
confluence, (usually fig.) afflu- 
ence, affluency, multitude, abun- 

AFFLUENT, E, -k-flu-an, ant, 
adi. (said of a river,) confluent, 
falling into, ruiming into., *Ar- 
FLUENT, (jrted. el phya.) confluent. 

Affluent, s. m. confluence, {pi.) 
tributary streams. 

AFFLUER, a-fli-d, v.a. v. 81, 
to fall, to run, to flow into. Af- 
SLUEK, to abound, to resort, to 
flocki to come to in great num- 
bers. *Affli«:r, (jned.) to flow, 
to rush. 

*.4FFLUX, a-fla, s. m. lined:, af- 
AFFOLE, E, a-f6-U, adj. (mar.) 
erroneous, defective, line bnusr 
sole ou aiguille — e, a compass not 
true, which has lost its virtue. 
AFFOLEMENT, s. m. (mar.) er- 
ror in the compass. 
AFFOLER, V. a. v. 3, to make ex- 
tremely fond, to make one dote 
upon, (fam. and used only in the 
pari.) n est affoU de sa femme, 
ne dotes on his wife. s'Affoleil 
de quelqu'un, to dote upon a per- 

AFFOLIR, v.n. v. 4, to grow fool- 
ish or mad, (said of the mag. 
needle), to err, to be erroneous. 
AFFORAGE, s. m. (feudal law), 
the assize or set price of a com- 
modity, al&rage. 

AFFORER, V. a. v. 3, to assize, 
to set the price. 
AFFOUAGE, a-ibo-kz, s. m. the 
right of cutting wood, the sup- 
plying a forge, etc. with fuel. 
AFFOUAGEMENT, a-ffio-az- 
man, s. m. census or numbering 
of the hearths. 

AFFOURCHE, a-foorsh, s. /. 
(mar.) Ancre d' — , the small 
bower anchor. 
AFFOURCHE, E, pari. d'Affaar- 
cher, V. 3, (fam.) astraddle, 
AFFOURCHER, a-f(Sor-sha, v. 
n. V. 3, (mar.) to moor across, to 
moor by the head or by the head 
and stem. — a la voile, to moor 
across under sail. 
ikz-msin, s. m. foddering, feed- 
AFFOURRAGER, a-f6o-ra-=a, 
V. a. V. 79, to feed or fodder cattle. 
AFFRANCHI,E, a-fran-shi,shl, 
pari. d'Affranchir, el suhsl. v. 4, 
set free, enfranchised, set at li- 
berty, free, freed. Une lettre — e, 
a letter post-paid. 
AFFRANCHIR, a-fran-shlr, v. a. 
V. 4, to set free, to free, to en- 
franchise, to give liberty, to 
make free, to manumit, to fran- 
chise, to exempt, to discharge, to 
deliver. — un esclave, to manumit 
a slave. — d'impbts, to exempt 
from imposts. Affranchir une 
lettre, to ftanlc a letter. Affra.n- 
CHIR 2a pompe, (mar.) to free a 
ship, to clear her hold of water 
by the pumps. 

s'Affranohir, v. r. v 4, to rid 
one's self of, to free one's self, to 
get free. 
a-fran-shis-man, s. m. eniran- 
chisement, manumission, exemp- 
tion, discharge, delivery, deli- 
verance. Affranchissement, 
franking or payment of the post- 
ago (of a letter) ; payment of (he 
carriage (of a parcel.) 
AFFRES. ifr, s./.pi.gieat fright. 
Les — de la mart, the terrors of 

AFFRfeTEMENT, a-fr4t-man, 
e. m. (mar.) freight, freighting or 
hire of a vessel. 








r5b, Idrd, 

mdod, hAod, 






AFFRETER, a-fra-ta, ». a. y. 77, 
W7i vaisseau, to freight or hire a 

AFFRETEUR, Si-fra-tSur, s.m. 
the freighter. 

raan, adv. frightfully, hideously, 
horribly, terribly, dreadfully.' 
[Affreusement may come be- 
tween the auxiliary and the verb.] 
AFFREU-X, SE, S,:fr6u, fr^uz. 
adj. frightful, hideous, horrible, 
fearful, dire, dismal, ghastly, 
grisly, horrid, hideous, terrible. 
[Affreux may precede tlie noun 
in a case of analogy ; une affreuse 
tempite. See Adjectif.] 
V. 3, to accustom, use, or bring 
up to dainties. Affriander, to 
allure, to lure, to entice. 
AFFRICHER, v. n. v. 3, (o^.) to 
neglect the ploughing of land, to 
let land lie fellow. 
AFFRIOLER, a-frl-6-la, v. a. v. 
3, to allure, to lure, to entice, to 
draw by enticement, to decoy. 
AFFRONT, a-fron, s. m. afiront, 
contumely, outrage, abuse, ill 
usage, insult. Faire — , Jaire 
un — , to insult, to affi'ont. Es- 
suyer un — , to be aflronted. 
Boire un — , ava^ un — , to bear, 
put up witti, or pocket an af- 
front. Affront, disgrace, re- 
proach, dishonour, shame, indig- 
nity, insult. Vous pouvez r4- 
pondre de lui, il est honnUe 
homme, il ne vous f era point d' — , 
you may bail him, he is an ho- 
nest man, and will not leave you 
in the lurch. Sa mdmoire lui 
fit — , his memory served him a 
slippery trick. 

bordering of several fields upon 

AFFRONTE, E, adj. 01.) af- 
frontee, confrontee. Deax li- 
ons — s, two lions facing one ano- 

AFFRONTER, a-fron-ta, v. a. 
V. 3, (in this sense it is old), to 
cheat, to cozen, to gull, to abuse. 
11 m'a affronti^ he has cozened 
me. Affronter, to encounter, 
to set upon, to rush upon, to at- 
tack with great resolution, to 
brave, to dare, to defy, to fece. 
— sans crainte, to outdare. 
AFFRONTERIE, i-froK-trl, s.f. 
(little used), cheat, cozening. 
tfiur, teuz, s. m. et f. a knave, a 
cozener, a cheat, an impostor. 
AFFUBLEMENT, i-flbl-man, 
s. m. muffler, veil, raiment, cloak, 
any thing that serves to muffle 
up the head or body. (This word 
is little used.) 

AFFUBLER, a-fu-bU, v. a. v. 3, 
(fam.) to muffle up, to huddle 
up, to mob or mobble up. Comme 
h voila affuble, how oddly he is 
rigged out ; to be wedded to an 
opinion. £tre affubli de ridi- 
cides, to be covered wi th ridicule. 
s'Affubler de ([ueUpi'nn, v. r. v. 
3. to be wrapped up in any one. 

AFFUT, a-f&, s, m. a gun-car- 
riage, a carriage or frame for 
ordnance. Affut, (cha.) a close 
place; where the hunter lies in 
wait to shoot game, litre d /' — , 
to be upon the catch, to be upon 
the watch. ' 

AFFUTAGE, a-ffi-taz, s. m. the 
mounting of a piece of ordnance. 
Affutaoe, (carpentry), a set of 
tools, implements. Affutage, 
(hatting), the dressing. 
AFFOTER, a-fil-ta, un canon, 
V. a. v. 3, to mount a cannofl, to 
lay it upon a carriage. TVes- 
Uen affuU, very well stocked 
with implements. AFrtJTER des 
oirft'Zs, (carpentry,) to set, whet 
or sharpen tools. 
AFFUTIAU, a-f&-ti&, «. m. trifle, 
bauble, toy. Ce mot est pqpu- 
laire. Acad. 
AFIN, a-fm, com. to, in order to ; 
that, to the end that, (tliis last 
expression is old.) 
lAfin governs the preposition 
de with the infinitive, or que with 
the subjunctive. Sdtadie a/in de 
m' instruire, or afin que je m'in- 
slruise. It has some affinity with 
pour; the latter, however, indi- 
cates a necessary result or end, 
the ibrmer one of a more distant 
and less certain issue. On sepri- 
senle devant ce prince pour lui 
faire sa cour ; on lui fait sa cour 
(ifi,n d'en ohtenir des graces. After 
an imperative, que is used instead 
of a/i7i que: venez que (afin qite)je 
vous parle.} 

AFIOUME, s. m. flax from the 
AFRICAIN, a-fri-iin, a. m. an 

AFRIQUE, a-frik, s.m. Africa. 
AG ou AC, a particulieremenl le 
sens de pousser et de produire ; 
le c etle ^se clinngent souvent en 
i ou y dans les terminaisonsfran- 
caises: ainsi de bacca on a fait 
bale ; de plaga, plaie, etc. V. AiE. 
AGA. a-gSi, s. m. (Jtist.) aga. L' — 
des janissaires, the aga of the 
janissaries. Capou aga-si, door- 
AGAQANT, E, a-ga-san, saut, 
adj. inciting, alluring, enticing. 
[AgagaTii generally ibllows the 

AGACE, s./. a magpie. 
AGACE, E.part. d'Agacer, v. 78. 
set on edge. V. Agacer. 
AGACEMENT, a-gis-man, ». 
m. setting on edge. — des nerfs, 
irritation of the nerves. 
AGACER, Si-ga-sa, lesdeiUs, v. a. 
V. 78, V. AgacemBnt, to sot the 
teeth on edge. — les nerfs, to 
irritate the nerves. Agacer, to 
incite, to provoke, to egg on, to 
spur on, to entice, to allure. On 
Va agac^, he was rallied about 
it. line coquette agace, a coquette 
ogles. — un enfant, to tease a child. 
AGACERIE," a-gas-ri, s. f. in- 
citement, incitmg, encourage- 

s. f. (med.) absence of milk in 
the breasts. 

*AGALLOCUM, s. m. (hot.) (lig- 
num aloes), agallocum, ahaloth. 

*AGALORHfeE, s. /. (mcA) ces- 
sation of the flow of milk. 

*AGAL0STE1VI0NES, adj. et s. 
/. (io(.) a class of plants. 

*AGALYSIEN, adj. (geol.) a class 
of formations. ' ' 

*AG AME, S.-gam, adj. (bot.) ciyp- 

* AG AMES, adj. et s. a divi- 
sion of the mollusca. 

adj. et s. m. pi. (rep.) a family of 

*AGAMI, a-ga-rai, s.m. a water- 
fowl of South America. 

*AGAMIE, s /. a hen from Cay- 
enne, gallina sylvatica crepitans. 

*AGAM1E, s.f.tfiot.) crypiogamia. 

*AGAMIENS, a*, et s. m. pi 
(.rep.) a section of the Iguanii. 

AGAPES, a-gap, «»/ pi. agapiB, 

AGAPETES, s. /. pi. (egl.) aga- 
pe tie. 

*AGARIC, a-ga-rik, s. m. (bot. et 
pilar.) agaric— yiziw:, oak agaric. 
— brut, rough agaric. — mondi, 
pared agaric. Agaric mineral, 
mineral agaric. 

*AGARICEES, adj. el s. f. pi. 
(bot.) a section of fungi. 

♦AGARICICOLE, adj. inhabiting 
the agaric. 

adj. resembling the agaric. 

adj. et s. (.bot.) divisions of 

*AG-'VSSE, a-gas, s./.amagpie. 

ZOAIRES, adj. et s. m. pi. (.mol.) 
race of the animal kingdom. 

*AGASYLLIS, s. m. (6o(.) aga- 

AGATE, a-»at, s.f. agate. Vne 
— d'Alexandre, an agate upon 
which the head of Alexandfer is 
represented. Agate-onyx ou 
veinie, onyx. — <dtUe, oculus beli, 
— s arborisdes ou herborisies, 
agates in which are seen the 
figures of branches, etc. Agate, 
agate, burnisher. 

m. pi. (mol.) a family of cephalo- 

adj. et s. m. pi. (rep.) a family of 
ophidian reptiles. 

*AGATI, s. m. (bot.) (a tree of 
lyialabar), agaty. 

*AGATIFF.RE, adj. a rock con- 
taining agate. 

converted into agate. 

*AGATtN, adj. {cnnch.) having 
on agate-like appearance. 

adj. agate-like. 

AGE, terminaison substantive, di 
signe les action.s, les chnses d^un 
tel genre ; mi le risulltit, le pro- 



bar, bat, bise, antique 

thire, 4bb, ovSr, jdune, rnfiute, b^urre, li^n: 

duit de ces actions, de ces choses ; 
pu leur ensemble, ieur tout. 
AGli), 4.2, s. m. age. Jias — , in- 
fancy. JeuTie — , childhood, youth. 
— de raison, — de discretion, — 
mur, fiper years, years of discre- 
tion; — viril, d'homme, man's es- 
tate, manhood. It Tie viwa pas 
, — d'?iomme, he will not live to 
be a man, — critique, grand cli- 
. macteric. — nubile, — de puberty, 
marriageable years. JJ—^e con- 
. sistance, the age of consistence 
or maturity. Des chemises du 
premier — , shirts lor infants, Un 
homme d'un certain — , an elderly 
man, Entre detix—s, neither 
, young nor old. ^tre en — , avoir 
V — , avoir atleint V — , to be of 
age, (we do not say), avoir de V — , 
En—de, ripe for. Hors d' — de 
porter les armes, he is past bear- 
ing arms. A m<m — , d son — , a 
noire — (and not & nos — s,) at my 
a^e, etc. Quel — avez-vous ? how 
old are you? (7n cheval hors 
d' — , a horse whose age can no 
longer be seen by his teeth. Vn 
homme d' — ,_a man of great e,\- 
perience. Age, age, old age, 
years. Vne personne d' — , an 
aged person, one in years. £:tre 
sur V — , sur h retour de V — , (or 
simply) sur le retour, to be in 
years, to be growing old. Age, 
age, days, time. L'onwment de 
son — , tne ornament of his age, 
or of his time. Age, (chron.) 
age, tract of time, generation, 
time. — d'or, golden age. — defer, 
hard times, the iron age, Le 
moyen — , the middle ages. 
D'Age en Age, loc. adv. from age 
to age, from generation to gene- 

Age, E, adj. aged in years, elder- 
ly, stricken in years, 
*AGEpOiTE,s./. {chem.) identi- 
cal with asparagine. 
AGENCE, a-2ans, 5. f. agency, 
agency house. 
AGENCEMENT, a-zans-man, s, 
m. the placing appropriately, set- 
ting and fittmg up (of things), 
order, composition, structure. 
Agencement, (.paint.) grouping, 
appropriate or proper dispbsition 
of the groups, figures, drapery, 
etc. Agp:ncement, the trimming, 
the tricking up one's self, the 
making one's self fine with things 
of no great value, the placing 
them so as to appear to advan- 

AGENCER, a-zan-sa, v. a. v. 78, 
to fit up, to get up, to set off to 
advantage, to set in order, to dis- 
pose in an appropriate manner. 
Agencer, v. 78, (paint.), to dis- 
pose the groups, figures, etc., in 
an appropriate manner. 
s'AoENCER, V. r. V. 78, to dress, to 

trim one's self 
AGENDA, a-zin-da, 5. m. a book 
of memorandums, a memoran- 
dum-book, a pocket-book, a note- 

•AGENERENS, adj. l\ ». m. pi. 

(0771.) a family of the order scan- 
''AGENESIE,!!./. (ana.) sterility. 
AGENOUILLEK, v. a. v. 3, to 
make kneel dovra. 
s'Agenouillek, akz-nio-li, v. r. 
V. 3, to kneel, kneel down, to go 
down upon one's knees. 
AGENOUILLOIR, s. m. hassock, 

AGENT, a-zan, s. m. (philos.) an 
agent. Agent, agent, procura- 
tor. l£s — s rf'wTie faillite, as- 
signees. — de change, broker, an 
exchange-broker. (In a bad sense 
it is sometimes fem.) Elle itait 
leur, — e, she was their principal 
*AGERASIE, s.f. (metZ.) vigorous 
old age. 
*AGERAT, s. m. AGERATE, s. 
f. (bot.) ageratum, maudlin. 
■^AGERATEES, adj. et s. f. pi. 
(bot.) a section of eupatoriese. 
"AGEUSTIE, s.f. (med.) absence 
of taste. 

*AGGEDULE, s.f. (bot.) the Urn 
of Mosses. 
AGGERHUS, s. m. Aggerhuys. 
*AGGLOMERAT, s. m. (geol) an 
ra-sion, s.f. agglomeration. 
*AGGLOMEREES, adj. (geol.) 
rocks formed by agglomeration. 
AGGLOMERER, a-gl6-ma-ra, ti. 
a. V. 77, to agglomerate. 
♦AGGLUTINANT, E, 5.-glil-t!- 
nan, nant, adj. (med.) aggluti- 

(med.) agglutinative 
"AGGLUTINATION, a-glft-ti- 
na-sion, s.f. (med.) agglutination. 
*AGGLUTINER, &-gia-ti-nd, V. 
a. v. 3. (med.) to agglutinate, to 
*s'Agglutinek, v. r. v. 3, (med.) 
to agglutinate, to cohere. 
AGGRAVANT, E, a-gra-van, 
vant, adj. v. aggravating. 
[Aggravant always after the 

AGGRAVATION, a-gra-va-sion 
s.f. (jur.)—de peine, increase of 
AGGRAVE, s. m. (e.g.) a threat- 
ening monitory. 
AGGRAVER, a-gra-va, v. a. v. 
3, to aggravate, to enhance, to 
augment. Des yeux aggravis, 
eyes heavy with sleep. 
s'Aggraver, v. r. v. 3, to increase, 
to be aggravated. 


AGGREGER. K AgrSgat, Ag- 


*AGHEUSTIE, V. Ageustie. 

AGILE, a-zil, adj. agile, quick, 
nimble, active, tripping, light- 
[Agile generally after the noun ; 

may precede it in poetical style.] 

AGILEMENT, a-jil-man, adv. 
nimbly, with agility or nimble- 
ness, quickly. 
[Affilemeni may come between 

the auxiliary and. the verb.] 

AGILITE, a-zl-li-ta, «./ agility, 
nimbleness, activity, quicknesis, 
lightness. — d'esprit, readiness of 

AGIO ou AGIOT, k-zi-u, s. m. 
the price of exchange, interest, 
agio, exchange. 

GIQUE. V, Hagiogkaphe, etc. 
AGIOTAGE, k-zl-b-tkx, s. m. 
stock-jobbing. Agiotage (com, 

AGIOTER, a-zi-5-ta, v. n. v. 3 
to deal as a stock-jobber, to be a 
stock-jobber. Agioter, to job. 
AGIOTEUR, a-zi-6-t6ur, «. m. a 
stock-jobber, ajobber. 
AGIR, a-zir, v. n. v. 4, to act, to 
do, to be in action, to move about, 
to operate, to have an influence. 
Agissex, move about, bestir your- 
self. Faire agir une machine, 
make it go, put it in movement, 
set it agoing. Agir, to negotiate, 
to manage a business. Agir de 
concert avec qudqu'un, to act 
with one, to go hand in hand 
with one. Agir, to sue, to prose- 
cute, to proceed against. Agir, 
to act, to behave. Hagitenami, 
he acts like a friend. Agir jnal, 
to misbehave. Facon d'agir, 
practice. Maniire d'agir, pro- 
ceeding. Agir d'aprks, to pro- 
ceed on, upon. 
Il s'agit, il s'agissait, il s'agi- 
RA, V. imp. the question is, the 
point in question is. De quoi s'a- 
git'iU what is the matter? what 
IS to be done 'i line s'agit pas de 
cela, that is not the business in 
hand. £1 s'agit de voire vie, your 
life is at stake. 
AGISSANT, E, a-zi-san, sant, 
adj. V. active, stirring, busy, effi- 
cacious, effectual. 
[Agissant follows the noun.] 
AGITATEUR, a-2i-ti-t§ur, s. m. 

AGITATION, a-zi-ta-sion, jj. /. 
agitation, fluctuation, tossing, 
jolting, shaking, jumbling, jog- 
ging. (f$-) agitation, trouble, 
perturbation, emotion, fluctua- 
tion, disturbance, uneasiness. 
i' — de la mer, the roughness of 
the sea. L' — c^ejt^ofs, the surges. 
AGITfi,E, a.-zi-ii,pan.d'Agiier, 
V. 3, agitated, tossed, moved, etc. 
La rivih-e est agitic, the river is 
rough. Vne mer — e, a boister- 
ous sea. Sa nuit a die fort e 

(said of a sick person), he has 
passed a very restless or disturbed 

AGITER, k-zl-tA, V. a. v 3, to 
agitate, to put in motion, to 
move, to shake, to heave, to jolt, 
to swing, to rock, to v/a.g.—d'un 
mouvement allernatif to flutter. 
Agiter, v. 3, to hurry, to disturb, 
to trouble, to disquiet, to ruffle' 
to torment, to convulse, to har 
row, to possess. 7'out Vagite 
every thing ruffles him. Agiter 
V. 3, to debate, to discuss, to cou- 
trovert, to dispute. 
s'Agiter, v. r. V. 3, to be agitated 
or in movement, to stir, writhe 








r5b, lord, 








wriggle, wag, struggle. S' — dans 
I'eaUf to flounder. Ce cheval 
s'agile, that horse is too fiery. 
s'Agiter, to be debated, discuss- 
ed, controverted. 
*AGLACTATION. V. Ablact.v- 


•AGLATIA, .s. m. (fruit of Egypt) 

*AGLIE, s.f. {med.) a white cica- 
trix of lite cornea. * 

glomeration, etc. 

•AG LOSSES, adj. et s. m. pi. (,eni.) 
a sub-order of insecta. 

•AGLOSSIE, s. /. (flna.) a priva- 
tion of the tongue. 

5. /. {ana.) the description of a 
mouth without a tongue. 

AGLUTINANT, etc. V. Agglu- 

TINANT, etc. 

*AGNACAT, s. m. (a pear tree of 
America) agnacat. 

*AGNANTHDS, e. m. agnanthus, 
the chaste-flower. 

AGNAT, ag-na, s. m. (Jur.) ag- 
nate, collateral. 

*AGNATHES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
ient.) a family of insecta. 

AGNATION, ag-na-slon, ». /. 
(jur.) agnation. 

AGNATIQUE, ag-na-tik, adj. 
belonging to the agnates. 

AGNEAU, X, a-gn6, s. m. a 
Iamb, a sheep under a year 
old. — ^levi sans la mere, cosset, 
gras3-lamb. Agneau d'Isra'el 
V. Gerboise. *Agneau tariare 
ou de Scythe (plant.) agnus Scy- 
thicus, borametz. 

AGNELER, agn-la, v. n. v. 73, 
to yean. 

AGNELET, agn-I4, s. m. a lamb- 
kin, house-lamb. 

AGNELINE, adj. f. Ijaine —, 
lamb's wool. 

AGNELINS, s. m. pi. lamb's 

AGNELS, a-gnSl, s. m. pi agnels, 
pieces of gold coin current in 
France during several reigns, of 
diderent values, and bearing the 
figure of a paschal lamb. 

AGNES, a-§n6s. s. /. a young 
raw girl, a simpleton. Ellefait 
V — , she plays the simpleton. 
[II estfamilier. Acad.) 

*AGNOiE, s. f. (med.) uncon- 
sciousness (in illness.)" 

AGNUS, ag-nds, s.m. an Agnus- 
Dei, a relic, a religious toy. 

»AGNUS-CASTUS, ag-nils-kas- 
tus, ou VTTEX, s. m. (J>ot.) agnus- 

*AGOMPHE, adj. (zoo.) without 
teeth, applied to certain infu- 

AGON, s. m. (a public contest) 
agon, (antiq.) 

•AGONATES, adi. el s. m. pi 
(crust.) a term applied to the Crus- 

*AGONE, adj. (mol.) without an- 

AGONIE, a-E5-iil, s. /. agony, 
the pangs of death, the last gasp, 
death-bed. (fe.) agony, grief, 
trouble, anguish. 

AGONIR, &-g5-nlr, v. a. v. 4, 

(pop) to insult grossly, to pull to 

AGONISANT, E, adj. el s. v. dy- 

ing, in a dying condition, who 

is at the point of death. 
\Agonisant after the noun.] 
AGONISER, a-g6-ni-2a, v. n.v. 

3, to be in agony w at the point 
of death, to be a-dying, to be 
breathing one's last, to be ex- 

AGONISTARQUE, s. m. (officer 
who presided at the combats of 
the athlet£e) agonistarcha. 

TIQUE, adj. agonistical. 

AGONOTHETE, s. m. (officer 
who presided among the Greeks 
at the sacred games) agonotheta. 

AGONYCLITE, s. m. et f. (one 
who never kneels) agonyclites, 

■^AGOUTI ou AGOUTI, ». m. 
aguti, a sort of Guinea-pig. 

*AGRA, 5. m. (a scented wood) 
agra, agra-caramba. 

AGRAFE, a-graf, «. /. a clasp, 
locketj hasp. La parte de I' — , 
the hook. Agrafe, (arch.) cramp- 
iron, a sculptured ornament, so 
placed as to seem to unite the 
mouldings of the archivault with 
the key of the arch. 

AGRAFER, a-gra-fa, v. a. v. 3, 
to hasp, to clasp, to fasten with 
a clasp. 

s'Agrafer, v. r, v. 3, to clasp, to 
cling, to lay hold on. 

AGRAIRE, a-grfer, adj. (jur.) 

AGRANDIR, a-gran-dlr, v. a. v. 

4, to enlarge, to increase, to make 
greater, larger, bigger; to aug- 
ment, to lengthen, to widen. 
Agrandir, to raise, to prefer, to 
promote, to advance. Agrandir, 
to amplify, exaggerate, to aggra- 
vate. Agrandir, to make ap- 
pear larger. Agrandir, to dig- 
nify, to give dignity to. 

s' Agrandir, v. r. v. 4, to become 
great or greater, large or larger ; 
to widen, to become wider, to 
grow long or longer, s' Agran- 
dir, to enlarge one's estate, to 
grow upon one's neighbours. 
dls-man, s. m. the enlarging, the 
making greater, bigger ; length- 
ening, widening, enlargement, 
increase, improvement. Agran- 
DISSEMENT, rise or rising, ad- 
vancement, preferment, promo- 
tion, fortune. 

AGRAVANT, etc. V. Aggra- 
vant, etc. 
AGREABLE, a-gra-abl, adj. et 
s. m. agreeable, pleasant, pleas- 
ing, comfortable, pleasureful, 
joyous, pleasurable, delightful, 
gladsome, merry, gracious, grate- 
ful, welcome. Avoir pour — , to 
like, to be pleased, to accept, to 
permit. Faire V — aupres d'une 
femme, to act the gallant to a 
[Agriahle governs the preposi- 
tion S when the regimen is a noun 

or pronoun, and the preposition de 
when the regimen is an infinitive. 
il est agriabk de vivre, etc. May 
precede the noun in a case of an- 
alogy : une afrr^able femme.] 
AGREABLEMENT, a-gra-abl- 
man, adv. agreeably, plea.santly, 
comfortably, delightfully, enter- 
tainingly, gracefully, gratefully. 
[Agriablement may come be- 
tween the auxiliary and the verb.] 
AGREE, a-gra-a, s. m. a procu- 
rator or lawyer admitted to the 
privilege of pleading before the 
tribunals of commerce. 
AGREER, a-gra-a, v. a. v. 3, to 
accept, to receive kindly, to like, 
to relish. Ne pas — , to reject. — 
une pareille proposition, to relish 
such a proposal. Et de vous le 
faire — , and to prevail on you to 
accept it. Agr^r, to like, to 
approve, to allow. Agrdez queje 
vous disc, give me leave or per- 
mit me to tell you. Agreer un 
vaisseau, to rig or to equip a ship. 
Agreer, v. n. v. 3, to be liked, to 
like, to please, to be agreeable, 
to be pleasing or acceptable. 
AGREEUR, a-gra-6ur, s. m. a 
rigger of ships. Agreeurs, gau- 
AGREGAT, a-gra-ga, s, m. (did.) 
aggregate, assemblage. Agre- 
GAT (chim.) an aggregate body. 
AGREGATION, a-gra-ga-si'on, 
s. /. admission (into a society). 
Agregation (in the university), 
a public competition for admis- 
sion to the rank of fellow, or 
supernumerary professor, the title 
or rank of fellow. Agregation 
(phi/s.) aggregation. Corps par 
agr^ation, an aggregate, an ag- 
gregate body. 
AGREGE, a-gra-2!l, part.d'Ag- 
riger, v. '77 et 79, admitted, ag- 
gregated, received. 
Agrege, s. m. (in the university) 
a fellow, supernumerary, profes- 
sor. Agrege (phil) an aggre- 
gate, an aggregate body. 
Agrege, adj. applied in hot. zool. 
and geoL 
AGREGER, k-gri-zi, v. a. v. 77 
et 79, to aggregate, to receive, to 
admit into a society, to associate. 
AGREMENT, a-gra-man, s. m. 
liking, approbation, consent, ac- 
ceptance. Agrement, any pleas- 
ing or agreeable quality ; accom- 
plishment ; agreeableness, grace- 
fulness, loveliness. Arts d' — , 
accomplishments. Agrement, 
ornament, embellishment. Agre- 
JIENT, advantage, pleasure, 
amusement, delight, charm, com- 
fort. De grands — 5, great com- 
fort. AgrSments, s. pi (mus.) 
flourishes. AgrEments, music 
and dancing. Agrements, orna- 
ments. Les — d'une perruque, the 
curls or locks of a wig that fall 
upon the temples. 
AGRES, a-gr4, (i. m. pi. (mar.) 

the rigging of a ship. 
AGRESSER, a-gr4-ssl, v. a. v. 3, 




bar, bat, base, antiq,ue; thSre, ^bb, ov^r, jdune, mfeute, bdurre, li^n: 

to aggress, to make the first at- 

AGRESSEUR, H-grS-sSur, s. m. 
aggressor, assaulter, assailant. 

AGRESSION, a-gr6-sio7i, s. f. 
aggression, the first act of an in- 
jury, the commencement of a 

AGRESTE, S.-gr4st, adj. agres- 
tic, wild, rustic ; ill-bred, clown- 
ish, unmannerly. Fruit — , wild- 
ing, wild fruit. 
[Agreste generally after the 


TEUR, s. m. husbandman, farm- 
er, agriculturist. 

Agricole, adj. agricultural. 
[Agricole always follows the 


s. m. agriculturist, farmer, hus- 

AGRICULTURE, a-gri-iM-ttlr, 
s. /. agriculture, husbandry, til- 

•AG RIDES, adj. et s. {erU.) 
a section of myodariie. 

*AGRIE, s.f. (med.) herpes, ser- 
pigo, a kind of tetter. 

AGRIER, s. m. AGRlfiRE, s.f. 
a predial rent, paid in kind. 

s'AGRIFFER, ». r. v. 3, to cling 
to or to catch a thing with claws, 
to lay hold of! 

AGRIMISTE, s. m. elf. trimming- 

•AGRIMONIEES, adj. et s.f. pi. 
ibot.) a section of rosaceaj. 

AGRIOPHAGE, s. m. who lives 
upon wild beasts, agriophagus. 

*AGRIOTHYMIE, s. /. (jned.) 
ferocious insanity. 

*AGRIOTTE, a-grl-6t, s.f. wild- 
cherry, agriot. 

AQUE, s.f. agripalma, cardiaca, 

♦AGRIPENNE, a(§. (om.) having 
the tail feathers worn. 

*AGRIPPA, s. m. med.) a child 
born with the feet foremost. 

AGRIPPER, a-gri-pa, u. a. v. 3, 
{pop.) to gripe, to catch eagerly, 
to seize. 

s'AcRirPER, V. r. v. 3, to lay hold 
of, to cling to. 

*AGRIUS, adj. {vied.) a species of 
the genus lichen. 

AGROLOGIE, s. f. treatise on 

AGRONOME, ». m. an agricul- 

AGRONOMIE, a-gr6-n6-mi, s.f. 
the theory of agriculture, agri- 


adj. agricultural. 

AGROPILE. V. Egagropi[,e. 


DEES, adj. el s. /. pi. (fiol.) a tribe 


TOLOGIE, .1. /. {hoi.) a treatise 

on the gramineffi. 
•AGROSTOGRAPHE, s. m. (bnt.) 

nne who devotes himself to the 

graminea;. I 


relating to the gramineoj. 

ELLES, s. /. pi. scrofula-aqua- 
tica ; water- worms. 

AGROUPER. V. a. v. 3, to group. 

COiVIA, s. m. {med). sleepless- 

♦AGUACATE, s. m. {hot.) agu- 

*AGUARA-PONDA,s./ aguara- 
ponda, a species of violet. 

AGUERRI, E, part. d'Aguerrir, 
V. 4, used to war; disciplined, 
experienced, martial. Soldals 
mal — s, inexperienced, raw sol- 
diers ; undisciplined troops. 

AGUERRIR, a-g-S-rlr, «. a. v. 4, 
to train up in, to inure to, the 
hardships of war ; to discipline, 
to accustom to war. {Fig.) to 
accustom, to harden, to inure, to 

s'Aguerrir, v. r. v. 4, to grow 
warlike or martial. {Fig.) to in- 
ure or to use one's self to a thin^, 
to be inured. S'aguerrir a la 
raiUerie, to learn to take a joke. 

AGUETS, k-gh, s. m. pi. watch, 
watching. IStre acx aguets 
ou SE Tenir au.\ aguets, to lie 
in wait, to be upon the watch, to 

AGUILLOT. V. Epissoir. 

*AGUL ou ALHAGI, s. m. {bot.) 
agul, alhagi Maurorum. 

»AGUSTINE, s.f. {min.) phos- 
phate of lime. 

*AGUT1-GUEPA, s. /. aguti- 
guepa, sagittaria, arrow-root. 

*AGUTI-TREVA, s.f {bot.) agu- 

♦AGYNAIRE, AGYNE, adj.{bot.) 
a flower with a pistil. 

AH, a, part. int. ah! hah.' oh! 
Ah! vous me faites mal.' oh! 
you hurt me. 

*Ah, s.f. ahu, Indian gazelle. 

AH-.\H, s. m. (a deep ditch at the 
end of a walk,) a haw-haw, aha. 

AH.4N, s. m. {pop.) ado, labour, 
pains, trouble. Sueur d' — , to 
sweat with labour. 

AHANER, V. n. v. 3, to sweat, to 
toil and moil, to do any thing 
with much ado. 

*AHATE, s. m. (a tree of India,) 

AHEURTE, E, port. d'Aheurter, 
V, 3, obstinately bent upon a 

AHEURTEMENT, a-Surt-man, 
s. m. stiffness, stubbornness, ob- 

AHEURTER, v. a. v. 3, to rouse, 
to bestir. 

s'AHEURTER, sa-fur-ti, v. r. 
V. 3, to maintain a thing obsti- 
nately, to be stiff or obstinate in a 
thing, to stick to it, to persist in it. 

AHI, a-I, part. int. oh! oh dear! 
Ahi ! ahi! d I'aide I au meurlre ! 
oh! oh! help, murder!- 

*AHICCYATLI, s m. (serpent of 
America,) ahiccyatli. 

*AHOUNI,; s. m. (5o«.) ahouni, 
species of cerbera. 

*AHOVAI, s. m. ahovai, a Bra- 
zilian tree. 
AIIURI, pari. adj. {fam.) amazed. 
Le voila tout — , he is struck all 
of a heap. 

AHURIR, a-{i-rlr, v. a. v. 4. 
{fam.) to amaze, to astound. 
s. m. imam.) ai, ignavus, brady- 
pus, tiadys, tj^rdus, sloth. 
Aidant, 4-dan, adj. et part 
d* Aider. Dieu aidant, Goi yi\l\ 
AIDANT, s. m. helper, supporter 
AIDE, ki, s.f. aid, help, relief, as- 
sistance, succour, support. Crier 
a V — , to call for help.— ^ompte; 
— assurie, quick relief, firm sup- 
port. A I' — , part. int. help ! 
Ainsi Dleu me soil en — , (ibrm oi 
oath,) so help me God. Aide, a 
chapel of ease. Aides, {man.) 
coaxing,cherishing3,aids. Aides, 
royal aid, excise. La cour des — , 
the court of aids. Aller a la cour 
des — , to be helped by somebody. 
Aide, s. m. et f. helper, assistant, 
mate, help, adjulor. — mazon, a 
mason or bricklayer's helper, 
labourer. — ckirurgien ou — major , 
assistant surgeon. — chirurgien, 
{mar.) a surgeon's mate. — de cui' 
sine, under-cook. — de camp, aid- 
de-camp. — major, adjutant.— ^ia 
patron, {mar.) master's mate. — 
canonnier, quarter-gunner. 
AIDER, 4-da, v. a. v. 3, to aid, to 
help, to relieve, to assist, to suc- 
cour; to abet, to support, to se- 
cond ; to avail, to speed, to con- 
duce, to subserve. 
Aider, v. n. v. 3, (it governs the 
accus. when assistance is given 
without sharing the labour, and 
the dative when the labour is 
shared,) to aid, to help, to assist. 
Dieu aidant, wilh God's assist- 
ance ; God willing or helping. V. 
SiScouRiR. Aider a la tettre, to 
help the matter, to add to the 
story. Aider ou brider Vancre, 
{mar.) to shoe the anchor. 
[Aider quelqu'unsignifies to help 
one ; aider d quel^u'un, to help, 
one by sharing his labour: the 
latter, however, is a popular 
construction. The preposition 
A. is nevertheless appropriately 
used in speaking of things : aider 
a une affaire.'] 
s' Aider ou s'Entr' aider, v. r. v. 
3, to help one another. s'Aider, 
to use, to make use of; to bestir 
one's self, to help one's self, to 
exert one's self, to do one's best 
S'aider de sa main droite, to use 
his right hand. 

■'•AIDOIALOGIE,!./. {med.) aido- 

AIE, ay, int. ay ! oh ! ah ! 

Aie ou AYE, oiE ou OYE, termina- 
tions which, in planting, desig- 
nate the land planted with cer- 
tain kinds of trees. The old 
French aic signifies soil, as ais 
means wood. V. Ag. 

AIEUL, i-y^ul, s. m. {pi. aieuls^ 
grandfather, grandsire. 


field, fig, vin: r6be, r6b, 16rtl, in6od, h5od, v&s, mow: bise, but, brura. 

AIEULE, ii. /. grandmother, 

AiEUX, a-y^u, pi. forefathers, 

AIGADE, s. /. (mar.) fresh water. 
Faire — , to take in fresh water. 

AIGAIL, s. m. (cAa.) dew-drops. 

AIGAYER, V. a. v. 80, to soak 
and wash in water. Aigayer un 
cheval, to walk a horse in the 
water up to his beHy. 

*AIGE, s. /. {med.) a white speck 
in front of the pupil. 


AIGLE, Sgl, s. m. (in Bl. it is fe- 
minine,) an eagle. L' — d'une 
dglise, the readmg-desk. L' — 
romaine, the Roman eagle or 
standard. L' — impiriale, the im- 
perial eagle, the arms of Aus- 
tria. Un — , a transcendant ge- 
nius. Des yeux d' — , piercing 
eyes, hawk's eyes. 

AiGLE, s. f. (a constellation,) 

AIGLEDON. V. Egredon. 

HADOC, s. m. eglellnus, had- 
dock. V. MORUE. 

AIGLE-POISSON, s. m. V. Pas- 
ten ague. 


AIGLON, fe-glon, s. m. an eaglet, 
a young eagle. Aiglon <m 
Aiglette, (jbl.) eaglet. 

AIGLURE, s.f. (hawking,) dusky 

AIGOCEROS. F. Fenu-grec. 

AIGRE, fegr, adj. sour, acid, tart, 
harsh, sharp, bitter, crabbed, ill- 
natured, churlish, harsh, acrimo- 
nious, rough, eager, bitter. Sen- 
teuT — , a strong, a sour or unplea- 
sant smell. Style-:-, sharp style. 
Paroles — s, bitter, sharp words. 
Du fer — , eager or brittle iron. 

AiGRE, (in painting,) stiff or harsh. 
[Aigre, beibre or after the noun. 
Generally precedes it in a figu- 
rative sense : une aigre rdpri- 
Tnande, une aigre repartie.'] 

AiGRE, s. m. sourness, De V — 
dans I'air, a rawness in the air. 
Aigre, sour whey. 


AIGRE DE VITRIOL, s. m. oil 
of vitriol. 

AIGRE-DOU-X, CE, adj. (of 
fruit,) bitter sweet, bitterish, be- 
tween sweet and sour, sourish. 
Un style — , a half-angry, half- 
pleased style. 
[Aigre-doux always after the 

noun. Aigre is invariable, doux 

alone changes: orange aigre- 

douce, oranges aigre-douces.] 

AIGREFIN, 4gr-fin, s. m. a sharp- 
er, a cunning fellow. {Fam.) 

AIGREFXNS, s. m. pi. haddocks. 

V. MoRUE. 

4IGRELET, TE, Sgr-I4-lSt, adj. 
sourish, somewhat sour, tartish, 
subacid. Un ton — , (/om.) a 
somewhat bitter tone. 
AIGREMENT, «gr-man, adv. 
sourly, sharply, bitterly, roughly, 
harshly, tartly, severely. ' 

[Aigrement always after the 


*AIGREMOINE, »./. agrimony, 

AIGREMORE, s. m. pulverized 
charcoal for fireworks. 

AIGRET, ETE, 4-grJ, gr6t, adj 
sourish, tartish. 

AIGRETTE, s.f. a heron, aigret, 
aigretta. Aigrette, tuft. Ai- 
grette, aigrette, tuft, or plume 
(of feathers, diamonds, etc.) Si 
vous contrariez vofrefemme, gare 
les — s, if you contradict your 
wife, beware of horns. 

Aigrette. V. Murex et Pinne 


Aigrette. V. Macaque. 

AIGRETTE, E, adj. (bot.) tufted. 

AIGREUR, 4-gr6ur, s.f. sour- 
ness, sharpness, roughness, tart- 
ness, acidity, harshness, bitter- 
ness, surliness, keenness, acer- 
bity, acrimony, ill-nature,grudge, 
spleen, spite, malice, animosity. 
Avec — , roughly. Aigreurs, pi. 
heart-burn, heart-burning. Cela 
donne des — , that gives one the 
heart>bum. Aigreurs, (fingrav- 
ing,) hatches made too hard. 

AIGRIR, fgrlr, v. a. v. 4, to 
make sour or sharp, to sour, to 
turn sour. Aigrir, to irritate, 
to imbitter, to make worse, to 
exasperate, to incense, to pro- 
voke; to make ill-humoured, 
cross or peevish. 

s' Aigrir, v. r. v. 4, to turn sour, 
to grow sour or sharp. iFig.) to 
grow worse, to be exasperated. 

AIGU, E, A-ffi, gii, adj. pointed, 
that has a sharp point, aculeate, 
piked ; sharp, keen, acute, pierc- 
ing, i' — e(/egra«e,s. the acute 
and the grave. 
[Aigu, after the noun.] 

AIGUAYER. V. Aigade, Ai- 
GAiL, Aigayer. 

*AIGUE-MARINE, ?g-ma-rin, 
ou BERYL, s. f. aqua marina, 
beryllus, aigne marine. 

AIGUIERE, i^&r, s.f. an ewer, 

AIGUIEREE, i-gi-Ti, o. f. an 

AIGUILLADE, i-gni-lkd, ». /. 


AIGUILLE, k-gu-il, s.f. a needle. 
Bniiler une — , to thread a needle. 
EUe ne sail pas faire un point 
d' — , she loiows not how to 
make one stitch. — d'emheilleur, 
a packing-needle. — & emhalier, 
pack-needle. — & tricoter, a knit- 
ting-needle. — a ravauder, a darn- 
ing-needle. — a voile, sail-needle. 
— passer, a bodkin. — de char- 
peniier, puncheon. L' — d'an ca- 
dran, d'uTie montre, the hand 
of a dial or watch. — de fliau, 
de halaTice, de trSbuchet, the 
cock or trial of a balance. L' — 
d'un clocher, the spire of a stee- 
ple. — nimantie, needle of a 
sea-compass. — d'incllTmison, dip- 
ping-needle. — on stylet de to- 

hlettes, the stylus of a writing- 
table. De fil en aiguille, insen- 
sibly, by degrees. Disputer sur 
lapointe d'une — , to quarrel about, 
straws. Aiguille (poisson de 
mer,) a hombeak, a needle-fish. 
Aiguille, (mar.) the upper part 
of the knee of the head, the cut- 
water, the prow. — de mats, —de 
carine, outrigger. — de fanal, an 
iron-brace or crank supporting 
the poop-lanthorn, lanthorn- 
braces. — de houssole, magnetical 
needle. — ct ralingues, de trd ou 
de trivier, bolt-rope needle. — 
de couture, a common sewing- 
needle. — i eeillet, a larger sort ot 
sail-needle. Aiguille. KOb^- 
LisauE. Aiguille de berger. V. 
Peigne de VSnus. Aiguilles, 
(jnin.)pl. (crystallized) spars. Ai- 
guilles d'essai ou TOUCHEAUX, 

(ckim. and as.^aif.) touch-needles. 

Aiguilles (Cap des) s. m. (Afri- 
ca,) Cape-Needles. 
AIGUILLEE, k-giil-ll, c. /. a 

AIGUILLER, k-guUi, v. a. y. 3, 

(chir.) to couch the cataract, to 

depress the film that overepreads 

the pupil of the eye. 
AIGUILLETE, E, por«. d' Ai- 

guilleter, v. 76, tiea with points. 

C'est un homme — he is as stiff as 

a poker. 
AIGUILLETER un palan, v. a. 

v. 76, (nrnr.) to rack.— Zes canons, 

to lash the guns. 
Aiguilleter, &-g!xi-li-ti, v. a. 

v. 76, S'AlGUlLLETER, V. T. V. 76, 

to tie with points, 

AIGUILLETTE, i-gfx\-Ut, s.f. 
a point, a tagged point. Le fer- 
ret de V — , the tag of a point. 
Avec des—s, with hool^ and 
eyes. Courir V — , to play the 
common whore. Ladier V — 
(this is old), to ease one's belly. 
AIGUILLETTE, shoulder-kiiot. 
AiGuiLLETTE de carinc, (mar.) 
out-ri^ger. — de porques, upper- 
futtock-riders. Les — s, the sheers, 
AIGUILLETTE, a slice. Servez- 
en une — , help to slice of the 

AIGUILLETTIER, k-gh Ui-t\ i , 
s. m. laceman, trimming-maker, 

AIGUILLIER, &-gui-ni, s. m 
a needle-case, a needle-maker. 

AIGUILLON, i-gfii-lon, s. m 
a sting, a goad. Aiguillon, a 
spur, incentive, incitement, en- 
couragement, inciting, stimula- 
tion, stimulus, .motive. L'ai-. 
guillon de la chair, (in Scrip- 
ture) the thorn in the flesh. '*Ai- 
GUILLON, (bot.) prickle. 

INEUX, adj. prickly, armed with 

*AIGUILLONNfiS, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (mam. and anat.) a familyof 
mammifera, and of insecta. 

AIGUILLONNER, e-giii-lb-ni. 
V. a. V. 3, to goad, to pnck, to in- 
cite, to spur on, to give a spur 
to, to prick on. V. Exciter. 









^bb, ov^r 





AIGUILLOTS dt gomemail, s. 
m. pi (mar.) pintles. 
AIGUIS6, E, pari. d'Aiguiser, 
whetled, sharpened. Une croix 
algvisie, une Jasce aigidsie, (fiZ.) 
a filched or pointed cross, or 
fitchee, aiguisee. 
AIGUISEMEIMT, 4-giiiz-man, 
s. m. whetting, sharpening. (Not 

AIGUISER, 4-gtli-za, v.a.-r.S. 
to whet, to sharpen, to make 
sharp, to set an edge on, to point. 
— une ipigramme, to give point 
to an epigram. — ses couleaux, to 
prepare for battle. 
AIGUISERIE, s. /. a cutler's 
work shop. 

AIL ou AILLE, terminaison sub- 
stantive, disigne la grandeur, 
Vavuis, Vassemblage, la quanlili. 
*All„pl. AULX, kl, 8, s. m. gar- 
lie. Une iete d" — , Un£ gousse 
d' — , a clove of garlic. 
AILE, ^1, s.f. a wing, (in poetry) 
a pinion. (Jn oiseau, qui vole d 
tire-d'—, a bird that flies swiftly. 
Ballre des—s, to clap the wings. 
Ce moineau trimousse des — s, 
that sparrow flutters. Des bouts 
d' — s, first and second quills. 
JAer les — s, les bras, to pinion. 
Rogner les — s a quelqu^un, to 
clip one's wings. T^irer pied ou 
— de quelque chose, to get a snatch 
or snip out of it. En avoir dans 
I' — , to ha-ve suflfered considera- 
bly in one's health or fortune, to 
be undone, to be at a loss, to be 
smitten with love, to be caught. 
Ne bdttreplus que d'une — to have 
lost one's strength, credit, inte- 
rest; to be gone, undone. Aile, 
a wing. Les — s d'un baiiment, 
Xhe wings of a building. Les — s 
d'uTie eglise, the aisles of a 
church. Les — s d'un moidin a 
veM, the sweeps of a windmill, 
Les — s d'un pignon, (watch- 
making), the fly of a pinion. 
IjGS — 5 d'une Jleur papilonacde, 
the two lateral petals. — s de 
mouclie, (flrch.) cramp-irons used 
in brick chimneys. — en retour, 
angular wing. — de mouche, rose- 
nail. — s du pave, the sides of a 
f lavement. — de lance, hilt of a 
ance. Ailes de saUre, de ft- 
louque, imar.) two planks set ver- 
tically to deck the stern of a 
galley or felucca. 
Aile, ale. De V — melde avec des 
pommes cuiies, lamb's wool. 
•AILE-PIEDS, adj. et s. m. pi. 
a class of Mammifera. 
AILE, E, ^-la, adj. winged, ali- 
ferous, pennated. Un dragon — , 
a winged dragon. Tige — e, (Jb(.) 
winged or alated stalk. L'en- 
fani — Cupid. 

[AUi after the noun.] 
*AIL]^S, adj. et s. m. pi. winged ; 
(ent.) a section of insecta ; (orn.) 
a tribe of natatores ; (mol.) a fa- 
mily of moUusca. 
AILE-DE-PAPILLON, s. /. but- 
terfly-shell. V. Cornets. 
•AILE-MARINE, s.f. (zoo.) men- 
tula alala. 

*AILERON, ^l-ron, s. m. (the ex- 
tremity of the wing,) the pinion. 
Lis — s d'une carpe, the fins of a 
carp. Les — s d'un moulin d eau, 
the wings or ladles of a water- 
mill. Les — s du nez, the grisly 
parts of the nose. — s de portail, 
consols or scrolls of a gate. — de 
lucarne, consol of a dormer-win- 

AILETTE, k-Mit, s.f. the side- 
lining of a shoo. AlLETTE, 

iarch.) V. Alette. 
AILLADE, a-Zad, s, f. a garlic 
sauce, bread rubbed over with 
AILLEURS, a-Z6ur, adv. of place, 
elsewhere, somewhere else, in 
or to another place. D'ailleurs, 
from another reason, cause, prin- 
ciple, on another account. D'aii^- 
LEURS, besides, moreover, other- 
wise, in other respects,, 
over and above, again. 
AIMABLE, ^-mabl, ad?, amiable, 
lovely, agreeable, sweet, worthy 
to be loved. 
[Aimable may precede its noun : 
un aimable homme, une aimable 
simplicity. See ADJECTir.] 
AiMADLES, s. m. pi. those who 
please or who try to please. La 
vaniti fait des — vanity induces 
many to render themselves 
agreeable. Les — de la cour, the 
court beaus. 
AIMANT, ^-man, s. m. a load- 
stone, magnet, compass. Armer 
un — to cap, case, or set a load- 
stone in iron, to arm a magnet. 
AiMANT, E, aiij. loving. 

[Aimani follows the noun.] 
"AIMANTAIRE, adj. magnetic, 

(oxide of iron.) 
AIMANTE, E, S-man-ta, part. 
v. 3, magnetised, polarised; adj. 
magnetic. Aiguille — e, a mag- 
netic needle. Barre — e, a mag- 
netic or polarised bar. 
AIMANTER, f-man-ta, v. a. v. 
3, rub or touch with a loadstone, 
to polarise. 
AIMAINTIN, E, f-man-tiji, tin, 
adj. magnetic, belonging to the 

AIME, E, part. d'Aimer, v. 3, 
loved, beloved, darling, adj. 
Louis le Bien-aim^, Lewis the 

AIMER, J-ma, v. a. v. 3, to love, 
to be fond of, to have a passion 
for, to be in love witli, to like, 
to fancy, to have a fancy for, to 
admire, to delight in, to have an 
inclination for. Faire—de, lo 
win the love of Aimer mieux, 
to prefer, to like better, to choose 
rather, to have rather, to have 
[Aimer, in a case of action, is 
followed by the preposition 
aimer & jouer. In a case of pas- 
sion, impression, situation, it is im- 
mediately followed by the infini- 
tive : j'aime a entendre une bonne 
musique; j'aime mieux lire que^ 
jouer, where the que is not fol- 
lowed by de, indicates a prefer- 
ence of taste : I am fonder of 

reading than playing. J'aime 
mieux lui pardonner que de le ri~ 
duire au disespoir, where the que 
is followed by de, implies a pre- 
ference of will: I prefer forgiv- 
ing him to driving him to despair. 
In compound cases, mieux pre- 
cedes the participle : j'ai mieux 
aimi, etc.1 

s'AiMER, V. r. V. 3. to love one's 
self, one's dear self S' — les una 
les auires, s'enir'aimer, to love 
one another. S' — en un lieu, to 
delight in a place. Hefaire—de 
toutle monde, to gain every body 's 
love, favour or good will. 


AIN, s. m. (mar.) a large fishing- 
hook, a shark-hook. 

AIN, terminaison substantive et 
adjective, exprime un rapport de 
naissance, aorigine, de socidtd, 
de communauti ; sert d designer 
des relations extirieures ou appa- 
rences de lieu, de temps, d'qffice, 
d'exercice, etc. 

AINE, &n, s.f. the groin. 

AINE, E, 4-na, adj. et subst. 
eldest, elder, the eldest son or 
daughter, the eldest brother or 

AiNESSE, h-nks, s.f. (this is al- 
ways preceded by the word 
droit,) primogeniture. Droit d' — , 

AINS, inz, covj. adversative 
(mats), but, (used only in this 
phrase.) Ains au contraire, but 
on the contrary. 

AINSI, in-si, adv. thus, so, after 
this or that manner, in this man- 
ner. Je suis—fait, that's my 
temper or humour. Fuisque — 
est, since it is so, it being so. — 
des autres chases, — du reste, and 
so forth. — soit-il, amen, so be it. 
Qu' — ne soit, however. — -n'advi- 
enne, God forbid. 

AiNSi, coTi;. thus, therefore, so 
that. — , qiunid il viendra, there- 
fore, the next time he comes. 
Ai.N'si, so, after the same man- 
ner, just so, so likewise. (Ainsi 
doubled is obsolete.) Comme — 
soit que, whereas. 

AiNSi que. Tout ainsi auE, conj 
as, as well as, even as, in ifie 
same manner as. V. de mjSme 


*AIOPHYLLE, adj. (io«.) ever- 

AIR, Jr, s. m. air. Bon — , — sain, 
good air, wholesome air. Prendre 
I' — , to take the air. Donner de 
V — d un tonneau, to give veni 
to a vessel. Prendre V — dufeu, 
10 warni one's self by the "fire. 
En plein — , in Ihe open air. 
Arbre en plein — , a standard-tree. 
Setenir entre deux — s, to be in a 
draught. Prendre le mauvais—, 
to catch the infection. Changer 
d' — , to have a change of air. 
Les — s, ihe sky. ^ JOoks les — s, iii 
the heavens. £tre en V — , to be 
in a flutter, to be in a commo- 
tion. 7'iVer en V — , to fire in the 
air. En V — , in vain, vninly 










m6od, hftod. 






silliljT, extravagantly. Paroles en 
I' — , idle, silly words, an empty 
disoourse. On nom en V — , a 
fictitious name. Oest parler en 
V — , that is idle talk. Des des- 
sdns en V — , vain, extravagant 
designs. Sa fortune est trop en 
V — , his fortune is too uncertain. 
II a tire son coup en V — , he has 
miscarried. Le pied en V — , 
flutteringabout, in motion. Toute 
la ville est en I' — , all the town is 
in a flutter. ConnaUre V — dn bu- 
reau, savoir V — du bureau, to 
know how matters stand. Pren- 
dre V — du bureau, to go and see 
how matters stand, to pump a 
thing out, to sift it out, to feel 
people's pulse. V — du bureau 
lui est favorable, he is likely to 
carry it. Air, air, manner, way, 
fashion, demeanour, course, car- 
riage. JLes gens du hel — , the 
people of high life, fine people, 
beaus. V — du monde, le bel — , a 
handsome or genteel air, or car- 
riage. I^ bon — , le bon ion, high 
life, bon ion. De bon — , genteel- 
ly. De mauvais-—, unmannerly. 
Marcher de bon — , to carry one's 
self well. Se tenir de bon — , to 
bear one's self well. S'habiller 
de bon — , to dress genteelly. II 
a iti Ueci d. V — de la coar, he 
was brought up in the court fash- 
ion. S'ilvildecet — Z^, if he lives 
at that rate. H va du bel — , he 
spends like a prince. Air, air, 
look, appearance, countenance, 
port, deportment, mien, genleel- 
ness, aspect. Un homme de grand 
— , a well-looking man. Un 
homme de michant — , de mauvais 
— , an ill-looking man. Un hom- 
me de grand — , a man who has 
a noble air. Un homme dm grand 
— , a man who makes a great 
figure. Bon — , grace. — chagrin, 
sour look. Les gens du bel — , 
les gens du grand — , messieurs 
du bel — , those who affect to 
copy after great folks. Avoir 
bon — , to have the appearance 
of a man well-born. Avoir V 
— mauvais, to look ill-natured. 
Avoir V — severe, to have a stern 
look. U — -prilat, to look like a 
prelate. 1/ — bourgeois, the air 
of a cit. Avoir I- — embarrass^, 
to look foolish. Avoir V — mipri- 
sanf, to have a scornful look. 
Avoir un — desupirioriti, to have 
a stately appearance. Prendre 
un — ridnl, to put on a smiling 
countenance. V — grand, to look 
great. L' — spiriiuel, sprightly. 
V—4tourdi, giddy. Avoir V — 
de la dan9e, ala danse, to have 
a disposition to dance genteelly. 
Danser de bon — , to dance gen- 
teelly. Avoir des — s pencKis, to 
hang the head affectedly. Avoir 
V — d la danse, to be of a spright- 
ly disposition for a thing. .feVre 
du grand—-, to live in great state. 
Prendre des — s, se donner des — s, 
to take airs. Air, air, look, like- 
ness, harmony of features. Un 
• — de famille, a family likeness. 

Avoir de V — de quelqu'un, to look 
like one. Air de iete {paint, and 
sculpt,), the attitude of the head. 
II y a de C — dans ce tableau, 
that picture is well shadowed. 
Air [mus.) air, tune. Un — gai, 
a gay tune. Un bel — , a fine air. 
Un — de sarabande. a saraband. 
Un — a boire, a jovial drinking- 
song. — joyeux, a glee. N'etre 
pas dans V — , to run out of the 
air or tune. Faire un — sur des 
paroles, to set words to music. 
Air {man.) the gait or carriage 
of a horse. Air {mar.) V. Aire. 
[Air, avoir Vair, in the sense of 
avoir Vapparence,pafa\ire, cannot, 
according to most grammarians, 
influence either the gender or 
number of the adjective which 
follows. In this case Ave should 
say of things : ceUe robe a Vair Men 
faiie, and not bienfait; though 
we can say : ceite femme a Vair 
Jiauiain, that woman has a haugh- 
ty look, and, ceite femme a Vair 
hauiaine, that woman looks or ap- 
pears haughty.] 

AlRAIN, fi-riwi s. m. 1° cuivre 
rouge ," 2° cuivre jaune, brass. 
Un siecle d' — , hard times. Un 
cield' — , dry weather. Un front 
(T — , a brazen face. Avoir des 
entraillesd' — , to be hard-hearted. 
AIRE, fer, s. f. a barn-floor, a 
threshing-floor. L'aire d'un bh- 
iimeni, {arch.) the area of a 
building. L'aire d'un triangle, 
igeom.) the area or inside of a 
triangle. Une aire de vent, 
{mar.) a point of the compass. 
Avoir de V — , {mar.) to have 
fresh way through the water. 
Donne de V — au vaisseau, pour 
pouvoir virer de bord ! give the 
ship way, that she may stay! 
Aire, an aerie, the nest (of a 
bird of prey). Aire, a circle of 
light round, the sun. 
AIREE, fi-ra, s. f the quantity 
of sheaves laid on the floor at 
once, a floor. 

vitis idea, vaccinum, whortle- 
AIRER, 5-ra, v. a. v. 3, to make 
its aerie or nest. 
AIRIER. V. Aerier. 
AIS. Cette terminaison signife 
qui fait. 

AIS, 6, s. m. a board, a shelf, a 
stave, a plank. Un petit—fort 
mince, a shingle. — de boucher, 
butcher's block. — de carton, 
pasteboard. Un coup d* — , to 
strike the ball in the opposite 
board (at tennis). 
AISANCE, 6-zans, s. f. ease, 
freedom, easiness or facility, the 
comforts or conveniences of life. 
Une honnUe — , comjpetency. 
I)onner de V — , du Jeu a quelque 
chose, to make a thmg go freely. 
Les AiSANCES d^une maison, the 
water-closet, the privy. 
AISE, fez, s.f gladness, joy, con- 
tent. J^ire ravi d' — , se ]3&mer 
d' — ou de joie, to be overjoyed. 
TressaiUir d' — , to leap for jov 

Elle ne se sent pas d' — d'avoir 
un galant, she is overjoyed 
to have a sweetheart. Aise, 
ease, comfort, conveniency, 
pleasure, spare time. litre a 
son — , to be well, to be at ease. 
Vivre d son — , to be in easy cir- 
cumstances. // n'est malade que 
de trop d' — , his only disease is 
living too well. Metlez-vous a 
voire — , take your ease, do as yon 
like. Tl n'enprendra qu^a son — , 
he will do no more than he likes. 
Aimer ses — s, to love one's ease 
or convenience. 

A l'Aise, adv. easily, with ease, 
without much ado, comfortably, 
at large. 

AISE, adj. glad, joyful, well 

pleased. Je suis bien — , I am very 

glad. Nous sommesfort — s, we 

are oveijoyed. 

[Aise governs de before a noun, 

de before an infinitive, or qrie 

with the subjunctive : que je snis 

aise de cetle nouvelU ! Je suis bien 

aise de vous voir, bien aise que vous 

soyez venu. Always follows iU 


AISE, E, adj. easy, not difficult. 
— a facher, passionate, easily 
provoked. Un homme — d vivre, 
an easy good-natured man. Aise, 
easy, convenient, commodious, 
unforced, mistramed, unaffected, 
soft, smooth, natural. Une iaUle 
— e, fine shape. Un esprit — , a 
ready wit. Des vers — s, verses 
that run smooth. Aise, in easy 
circumstances, well to pass, rich, 
wealthy enough, substantial. 
[Ais6 governs ^: cela est ais6 d. 

faire; used with the verb etre 

taken impersonally, it governs de : 

c*est une chose qu'il est aisi de 

faire. Follows its noun,] 

AISEMENT, fe-za-man, adv. 
easily, readily, commodiously, 
freely, comfortably. 
[Ais^ment may come between 

the auxiliary and the verb.] 

AISEMENT, s. m. easement 
(used only in this phrase). A 
son point et — , at his or her ease 
or leisure. 

AISSE, 6s. V. Esse. 

AISSEAU, s. m. V. Aissette. 

{carpeni.) brace. 

AISSELLE, fe-s§l, s.f the armpit 
arm-hole. *Aisselle, {bot.) axil 

s. m. addice, adze, 

AISSIEU. K Essiew. 

*AITIOLOGIE, s.f. (med.) lEtio- 
logy. ^ 

AITRES, fetr, s. m. pi. V. Etres. 

AIX, {France), Aix. 

Chapelle, Aken, Achen, Aaoh 

*AIZOiDEES, adj. et s.f pi (bot.: 
the family Ficoideae. 

AJAN, s. m Ajan, Ayan. 

AJOL ou ROCHAU, s. m. V. 

*AJONC, s. m. thorn-broom. 

AJOURE, K, 3.-z6o-ri, adj. (W.) 





b&r, bat, bsise, antique; thire, Sbb, OT^r, jeune, raSute, bfeurre, li^n: 

AJOURNE, E, ■part. d'Ajourner. 
V. 3. Timoin — , a witness who 
is summoned or subpcenaed. 
Une cause — e, a cause that is ad- 

AJOURNEMENT, a-26or-nS- 
man, s. m. ijur.) a summons, ci- 
tation, adjournment. 

AJOURNER, a-36or-nai, v. a. v. 
3, ijiir.) to summon, to cite (to 
appear), to subpa^na, to adjourn. 

Ajourner, v. n. s'Ajourner, v. r. 
V. 3, to adjourn. 

*AJ0UTAGE, a-z6o-ta2, s. m. 
(t. of foundry), adittament. 

AJOUTE, E. pari. d'Ajouter, 
V. 3, added. 

AJOOTER, a-260-ta, 1). a. V. 3, 
to add, to join, to put to, to tag, 
to subjoin, to supply, to interpo- 
late.— ^/bi (i qudqwun, to give 
credit to a person. — entre deux 
lignes, to interline, 

AJOUTOIR. V. Ajutage. 

*AJUBATIPITA, a. m. (shrub of 
Brazil), ajubatipita. 

♦AJUGOiDES, adj. et s. f. pi. 
Ibot.) a tribe of Labiats. 

AJUSTAGE, s. m. adjusting, or 
giving the legal weight to a coin. 

AJUST6, E, pan. d'Ajusier, v. 3, 
adjusted, fitted, accommodated, 
dressed or clad. Un style Men — , 
a very elaborate style. Voild 
voire haJnt hien — s/clahoussi), 
your coat is finely bespattered. 

AJUSTEMENT, a-j&st-man, s. 
m. adjustment, adjusting, fitting, 
regulation, regulating. Ajuste- 
MENT, attire, garb, accoutrement, 
habiliment, apparel, finery, gar- 
ment, dress. Ajustement, ad- 
justment, accommodation, com- 
position of a difference, agree- 
ment, reconciliation. Ajuste- 
ment, arrangement, fitting up, 
laying out. 

AJUSTER, a-zus-td, u. a. v. 3, 
to adjust, to regulate, to square, 
to size, to tally. Ajuster son 
coup, to take aim. Ajuster, to 
fit, to adapt, to put or set in or- 
der, to accommodate, to calcu- 
late.— ffe nouveau, to recompose. 
— un clieval, to make a horse 
carry himself aright. Ajuster 
deux personnes, to conciliate, to 
reconcile two people, to make 
them agree. — un diffirend, to re- 
concile a difference. Ajuslez 
vos Jlutes, be consistent with 
yourself, agree about those mat- 
ters among yourselves. Ajuster, 
to trim, to bedeck, to dress ele- 
gantly or handsomely, to adorn, 
to embellish, to accoutre, to ap- 
parel, to attire, to deck, (ironic,) 
to fit, to trim. — on Va ajustd de 
toutes pieces, they have done for 
him. Ajuster, v. 3, (card-mak- 
ing), to adjust. 

k'Ajuster, v. r. v. 3, to prepare 
one's self, to get or make one's 
self ready. s' agree, to 
take measures, to concert, to con- 
certtogether, tosuit. s'Ajuster, 
to dress, to trim, to bedeck one's 
self, to trick up, to make one's 
self fine. 

AJUSTEUR, a-i&s-tfenr, s. m. 

weigher of the mint. 
AJUSTOIR, a-ziis-twar, s. m. a 

pair of scales (used in the mint.) 
AJUTAGE i-zh-tkz, ou AJU- 

TOIR, s. m. ajutage, adjutage, a 

tube or pipe (for water-works). 
■"AKNfeMIE, s.f. (ami.) the ab- 
sence of thighs. 
*AKOUCHI, s. m. akouchi, a sort 

of aguti or Guinea-pig. 
*AKYSTIQUES, adj. et s. m. pi. 

(ich.) fishes without swiramihg 

AL, ierminaison adjective, in- 

dique les appartenances, les di- 

pendances, les circonstances de la 

*ALABASTRE, s. m. (hot.) the 

flower bud before it opens. 
*ALAB.\STRIN, adj. having the 

properties of alabaster. 
*ALABASTRITE, s. /. alabas- 

trites, pseudo alabastrura. 
*ALAfiFORME, adj. (mo/.) wing- 

*ALAGTAGA, s. /. (a quad- 
ruped), alagtaga. 

''ALAIRE, adj. having reference 
to wings. 

*ALAIS ou ALETHES, s. m. a 
kind of fiilcon. 


*ALALIE, s.f. (med.) dumbness. 

ALAMBIC, i-lan-bik, s. m. an 
alembic, a still, limbec. — tirer a 
V — , to distil. Passer par V — , 
to undergo a careful examina- 

ALAMBIQUER, a-lan-bi-*a, v. 
a. V. 3, to puzzle, to refine too 
much upon. Alambiqui, far- 

s'ALAMBiQnER,».r.v. 3, ZacereeHe, 
V esprit sur quelque ckose,to puzzle 
one's brains, to beat one's brains 
about a thing, to pore over it. 

ALAN, a-lan, .<t. m. a strong dog 
used in hunting the wild boar. 

■►ALANGIEES, adj. et s. f. pi 
(hot) a iamily of plants. 

ALANGUIR, a-lan-g-lr, v. a. v. 4, 
to enfeeble, to make languid. 
(Little used.) 

s'Alanguir, v. r. v. 4, to lan- 
guish, to flag, to become languid. 

*ALANTINE, (chim.) inuline. 

ALAQUECA. «. /. (a stone of 
India,) alaqueca. 

ALARGUER, i.-\ki-gi, v. n. v. 
3, (mar.) to bear oflT, to take sea- 
room, to put into the main, to 
sheer off Aiargue .' oa au large ! 
sheer off! 

ALARMANT, E, adj. alarming, 
[Alarmant sometimes governs 

pour: ceh. est alarmani pour les 

m.xurs. May precede the noun, 

should the ear and analogy admit 

ofit'.c^ealarTnantenouveUe. See 


ALARME, l-lirm, s. m. alarm, 
alarum, stidden fear, fright, tre- 
pidation, startle. L' — esi au 
camp, they are alarmed, they are 
in a great fright. Alar ME, (in 

this sense frequently «{.) alarms 
terror, trouble, fear. Jl est dans 
de continuelles — s, he is in con* 
slant fear. 

ALARMER, a-lar-ma, v. a. v. 3, 
to alarm, to give an alarm, to 
fright, to frighten, to put in a 
fright, to startle. 

s'Alarmer, ti. r. V. 3, to take 
alarm, to iear, to frighten one's 
self, to be terrified, af&ighted, 

ALARMISTE, «. m. et f. an 

*ALASMIDES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(hot.) a tribe of Pedifers. 

*ALATERNE, a-la-t4rn, ». m. 
(bof.) a privet. 

'*ALATION, s.f. (ent.) the dispo- 
sition of the wings of insects< — 

ALBANIE, »./. Albania. 

ROS. V. Alphos. 

ALBATRE, al-batr, s. m. ala- 
baster. U7ie gorge, un sein d' — , 
a snowy bosom. 

AleAtre viTBEUx, s.m. alabaster, 
a kind of onyx, onychites. 

s. m. (or7i.) albatross. 

ALBE, s.f. (Italy) Alba. 

■►ALBERGAME de MER, s. m. 
(zoo.) malum marinura. 

ALBERGE, al-b4r2, s.m. alberge, 
a small forward peach. 

ALBERGEAGE, s. m. long lease, 

"►ALBERGIER. dl-b4r-2ia, s. m. 
an alberge tree. 

*ALBIBARBE, adj. (n. h.) white- 

*ALBICAUDE. adj. (n. h.) white- 

*ALBICAULE, od;. (hot.) plants 
with the stem covered with 
whitish down. 

*ALBICEPS, adj. (n. ;i.) white- 

»ALB1CERE, adj. with white 

*ALBIc6lLE, adj. (n. h.) white- 

*ALBIcbRNE, adj. (ent.) msect 
with white or pale antenns. 

*ALBICOSTE, adj. (mol.) shell 
with white bands on the sides. 

"ALBIDIPENNE, adj. with whi- 
tish wings. 

*ALBIFLORE, adj. (hot.) with 
white flowers. 

*ALBILABRE, adj. (crust, and 
hot.) while-lipped. 

"ALBIMANE, adj. (n. 7i.) white- 

"ALBINERVfi, adj. (hot.) having 
the nerves of the leaves white 

*ALBINISME, ». m. («. },.) want 
of colour in the skin. 

*ALBICORE, s. m. a kind of 

ALBIGEOIS, s. mpl. Albigenses 

ALBINOS, al-bi-nfts, s. m. Al 

ALBION, s. m. Albion. 

"►ALBIONIENNES, adj. et s.f. pi 
^annel.) a section of Hirudinenese 

*ALBIP^DE, adj. (n. h.) white 







rAbe, rib, 16rd, mdod, 







•ALBIPENNE, adj. (n. h.) white- 

*ALBIPERLE, s. /. {chim.) a 
substance found mixed with adi- 

»ALBIRQSTRE, adj. (n. i.) white- 

*ALBITARSE, adj. (n. h.) with 

white tarsi. 

*ALBINEINE. V. Albinisme. 
*ALB1 VENTRE, adj.(n.h.) white- 
*ALBIQUE, M-bik, s.f. a kind of 

*ALBODACTYLE, adj. ^ent.) 


m. a sort of cloak made of goat's 

*ALBOTARSE, adj. {ml.) with 

white tarsi. 

bran, s. m. a young wild duck. 

adj. that has its feathers ur wings 

shattered. Te voild tout — .' in 

what a sad condition you are! 

at what a low ebb ! 

al-brS-nd,i). n. v. 76, to hunt wild 


*ALBUGINE, E, adj. (ana.) albu- 

*ALBUGINEU-X, SE, al-bu-zl- 
n6u, neuz, adj. (ana.) albugine- 

*ALBUGO, s. /. a distemper of 
the eye forming a white opaque 
spot upon the cornea, albugo. 

ALBUM, al-bum, s. m. album. 

•ALBUMEN, s. m. (bot.) the per- 
isperm, endosperm. 

*ALBUMINE, s. /. (cAm.) .albu- 

*ALBUMINEU-X,.SE, adj. albu- 

♦ALBUMININE, s. f. (chim.) 
oonine. • 

(chim.) amygdalide. 

ALCADE, s. m. an alcaid, alcade. 

*ALCADES, adj. els.m. pi. (am.) 
a family of birds. 

ALCAIQUE, al-ka-ik, adj. al- 
caic. Vers — s, alcaic verses, 


*ALCa'lESCENCE, al-ka-l«- 
sans, s.f. (chim.) alkalescency. 

*ALCALESCENT, E, al-ka-U- 
san, sant, adj. (chim.) alkalescent. 

*ALCALI, al-ka-U, s. m. alkali. 
—fixe, fixed alkali.— iJotoiZ, vola- 
tile alkali. 

*ALCALIFIABLE, adj. suscepti- 
ble of conversion into an alkali. 

GINE, adj. et s. m. a name pro- 
posed for nitrogen. 

'ALCALIMETRE, s. m. alkali- 

*ALCALIN, E, aiij. alkaline. 

*ALCALINITfi, s. f. disposition 
to alkalization. 

*ALCALINULE, adj. containing 
a slight excess of alkali. 

*ALCALISATION, al-ka-li-7.a- 
slon, t. f. alkalizing, alkaliza- 

*ALCALISER, al-ka-li-za, v. a. 

V. 3, (chim.) to alkalize. 
*ALCALOiDE, s. m. name given 

to organic alkalis. 

ALCANA, s. f. (root o^bugloss) 


ALCANETTE, s. f. (bugloss) al- 


ALCANTARA, s. m. Alcantara. 

ALCARAZAS, il-ka-ra-zas, s. 

m. alcarazas, water-cooler. 

*ALCE, ALCEE, s.f. ou ALCE, 
s. m. (Tnam.) alee or elk. 

*ALCEE, s. /. (bot.) alcea, vervain 

*ALCHIMELECH, s. m. Egyp- 
tian melilot, alchimelech. 

ALCHIMIE, al-shi-ml, s. /. al- 

*ALCHIMILLE, s.f. (bot.) lady's 

ALCHIMIQUE, adj. alchymical, 

ALCHIMISTE, al-shl-mist, s.m. 

*ALCIC0RNE, adj. (n. h.) simi- 
lar to the horn of the elk. 

*ALCO, s. m. (dog of Peru) alco. 

COOLIME, s. m (chim.) alcohol 
or alkohol. 

■►ALCOOLATE, s. m. compounds 
of alcohol and any volatile prin- 

■►ALCOOLATIF, s. /. (med.) an 
alcoholic liniment. 

*ALC00LATURE, s.f. (med.) an 
alcoholic tincture. 

*ALCOOLIDES, s. m. pi. (chim.) 
a family of ternary organic com- 

•*ALCOOLIQUE, adj. alcoholic. 

ALCOOLISER, v. a. v. 3, to alco- 

■"ALCOOIXJMETRE, s. m. (chim.) 

(chim.) aenothionique. 

AIXORAN, ou mleux LE CO- 
RAN, s. m. the Koran or Alcoran. 

*ALCORNINE, s. f. (chim.) a 
substance found in the alcornoque 

ALC6VE, al-k6v, s. /. alcove, 


ALCYON, il-si-on, ou ALCYO- 
NIUM, s. m. (a marine sub- 
stance) alcyonium. 

SEROLE, s. m. alcedo vocalis, 
reed-sparrow, halcyon, king- 

*ALCYONAIRES, adj. et s. pi 
(zoo.) a family of zoophytes. 

*ALCY0N1<:S, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(oni. and zoo.) a family of birds, 
also of polypi. 

*ALCY0NIDIEES, adj. et s. /. 
pi. (bot.) an order of thalassio- 

ALCYONIEN, NE, adj. alcyon 
or halcyon. Jours — s, halcyon 
days, calm and peaceful times. 

"ALCYONITES, s. m. pi. alcy- 
onia, astroites, white-coral 

RAN, s m (ast.) Aldebaran. 

ALDEKAIMIN, s. m. (the star) 

ALDERMAN, s. m, an alderman 

Les — s, the aldermen. 
ALEATOIRE, k-li-a-tviki, adj 

(jur.) eventual. 
*ALENOIS, a-la-nwi, adj. m 

(bot.) acuminated. Cresson — , 

nasturtium, Indian cresses. 

TRIDES, adj. et s. m. pi. (om.) a 

family of birds. 

rl^n, s.f. alectoria. 

*ALECTRIMORPHES, adj. et s. 

m. pi. (om.) a family of scan- 
*ALECTRURE, adj. (om.) hav- 
ing a tail like a cock. 
ALEGRE, etc. V. Allegre. 
*ALENE, a-16n, s. /; an awl, 

pricker. (Bot.) FeuiUes en (dene, 

leaves teiminating in a point, 

acuminated leaves. 
*ALENE, adj. (n. h.) subulate, 


ALENIER, a-14-nia, s, m. awl- 
ALENTIR, D. a. v. 4, to slacken, 

to make slow, 
s' Alentir, v. r. v. 4, to grow slack 

or slow,- to slacken, to abate. 
ALENTOUR, adv. about, around, 

round about. 
ALENTOURS, al-an-tSor, s. m. 

pi. the grounds round. Alen- 

TOURS, those about one. 
*ALfiOCHARIDES, adj. et s. m. 

pi. (ent.) a tribe of coleoptera. 
ALEP, (Syria); Aleppo, Alep. 
ALEPASSES, s. /. pi. (mar.) the 

wooldings of a lateeil yard. 
•AL^PIDOTE, adj. (ich.) without 

AL15PINE, ». /. aleppine, a sort 

of stuff 
ALERION, a-U-riore, s. m. (bl.) 

an eaglet without beak or feet. 

ALERTE, k-liH, adj. alert, vigi- 
lant, watchful, active, stirring, 

brisk, prompt, quick, bustling, 
sprightly, lively, agile. — sur un 
evinemeni, watchful of or against 
an event. 

Alerte, adv. ou inierj. take care, 
be quick. — .' aux armes! to arms! 

Alerte, s.f. alarm. 

ALESE, E, im ALEZEl, adj. 
(bl.) couped. 

ALESER, 11. a. v. 77, (coining). 
AUser les carreaux, to hammer 
the planchets. Aleser un cancn, 
to bore a cannon. 

ALESOIR, a-H-zwir, s.m. borer. 

ALESURE, s. /. shavings, bor- 

*ALETE, s. m. a parfridge-hawlj. 

ALETHES. V. Alais. 

*ALETRINEES, adj. el^s. f. pi. 
(bot.) a group of liliaceoe. 

ALETTE, s.f. (arch.) small wing 

s. tB. fry, fish for breeding. 

ALEVINER, al-vl-nd, v. 3, un 
itang, to stock a pond with fry. 

ALEVINIERE, al-vl-nl4r, s. / 









^bb, ov^r 





u small pond wherein iish are 
kept for breeding. 

ALEXANDRIE, s.f. Alexandria. 

ALEXANDKIN, i-Uk-san-drin, 
adj. m. (^poetry) alexandrine, 

EXITERE, adj. alexipharmic, 
alexiterical, alexiteric. 

*ALEXIPIRfiTIQUE, adj. et s. 
m. (med.) a febrifuge mecficine. 

ALEZAN, E. al-zan, zan, adj. et 
subst. (said only of horses) of a 
sorrel colour. Uii chevul de poll 
— ,un — , a sorrel horse. Roux — , 

i-14z, s. /. (med.) a large clout, 

ALfiZfi, adj. V. Alese. 

ALFANGIJ, al-f inz, s, m. a sort 
of lettuce. 


ALFIER, ». m. ifam.) ensign- 

s. m. alphonsin. 

*ALFOS ou ALPHOS, s. m. {med.) 

•ALGACEES, adj. et s.f. pi. Ifiot.) 
alga, sea-weed. 

*ALGALIE, al-g§i-li, s. /. a ca- 

ALGANON, il-ga-non, o. m. a 
chain for galley-slaves. 

ALGARADE, al-ga-rad, s. /. 
ifam.) a petulant insult, a daring 
and insulting afiront. 

*ALGAROT, s. m. (jned.) algarot. 

•ALGARROBALE, s. m. a resin- 
ous bean of Peru. 

ALGARVE, s.f. Algarva. 

ALGATRANE, s. /. pitch (for 

*ALiGAZEL, s. m. Arabic name 
of the antelope. 

ALGEBRE, al-zibr, s.f. algebra. 

ALGEBRIQUE, ai-za-brlk, adj. 
algebraic, algebraical. 
[Al^ehrique follows the noun.] 

ALGEBRISER, al-za-bri-za, v. 
n. V. 3, to speak or write upon 
algebra, to study algebra. 

ALGEBRISTE, al-za-brist, s.m. 
an algebraist. 
ALGEDO, s. m. (med.) algedo. 

ALGENIR, s. m. (star) Algenir. 

ALGER, s. m. Algiers. 

ALGfiRIEN, NE, adj. Algerine. 

*ALGEROTH, .«. m. (pharm.) al- 
garot, algaroth, 

"ALGETE, s. /. a plant like 

ALGfiZIRE s.f. Algeziras. 

*ALGIDE, al-zld, adj. des deux 
genres, {med. and n. A.) algid, icy- 

"ALGINES, adj. et s. m. pi. (zoo.) 
a famihr of the class lithozoa, 

'ALGIRE, s. m. kind of lizard. 

"ALGOLOGIE, s. f. (bot.) a trea- 
tise on the alg». 

'ALGOLOGIQUE,ad/. (bot.) relat- 
ing to the algae. 

•\LGOLOGUE, s. m. one who 
describes the algie. 

ALGORITHME, s. m. the art of 
numbers, algorithm. 

ALGOW, s. m, (Germany) Algow. 

ALGUAZIL, al-gwa-zil, s.m. an 
alguazil* bailiff, constable, tip- 

*ALGTJE,Mg, sf. fucus, alga, sea- 
weed, sea-wreck, grass-wreck. 

*ALGUETTE, s. f. (bot.) zanni- 
chellia, aponogeton. 

ALHAGEES, adj. et s.f. pi. (bot.) 
a division of leguminosas. 

ALHAGI. Y. Agul. 

*ALHANDAL, s. /. (hot.) Arabic 
name of colocynth. 

HASSER, s. m. a sort of manna. 
V. Apocin. 

*ALHENNA, s. /. Egyptian pri- 

. vet, alhenna. 

ALIAIRE. K Alliaire. 

ALIBANIES, calico. 

ALIBI, a-li-bi, s. m. (jur.) (has 
no s in pi.) an alibi. 

ALIBIFORAIN, a-li-bi-f6-rin, 
s. evasion, subterfuge, art- 
ful means of eluding or escaping 
a question. (Fam.) (Little used.) 

*ALIBILE, a-li-bll, adj. (med.) 
alible, nutritive. 

ALIBORON, a-ll-b6-ro7i, s. m. a 
self-conceited or conceited fel- 
low. MaUre — , a cunning old 

*ALIBOUFIER, s. m. (hot.) styrax, 
rosa mallos. 

ALICA, s. /. (kind of wheat) 

ALICANTE, s.f. Alicant. 

ALICATB, s.f. enameller's pin- 

ALICHON, s m. bucket of a 

ALICONDE, s. m. (tree of Ethio- 
pia) aliconde. 

ALIDADE, s. /. an alhidade, 
transom, or cross-staff. 

ALIDES, s. m. the descendants of 

*ALIDRE, 5. m. a snake so called? 

ALIfiNABLE, a-lia-nabl, adj. 
[Aliinable follows the noun.] 

ALIENATION, a-lia-na-sio7!,«. 
f. alienation. Alit^natign des 
esprits, alienation, estrangement, 
dislike, aversion. Alienation 
d'esprit, mental derangement, 
alienation of mind, loss of one's 
wits, lunacy, madness, phrenzy. 

ALIENS, E.part. d'Aliiner, v.77, 
alienate, alienated, estranged, 
etc. Aliens d'esprit, lunatic. 

ALIENER, a-lia-na, v. a. v. 77, 
to alienate, to give away, to part 
with, to make over, to deliver 
up the possession or right of. 
Aligner Us affections, les cceurs, 
les esprits, to alienate, to estrange, 
to disaffect, to lose the affection. 
Aliener Vesprit a quelqu'un, to 
drive one mad, to distemper one's 
brains, to put him beside himself. 

s'Aliener, v. r.v. 77, to withdraw 
one's affections, to estrange, to 

''ALIFERE, adj. (ent ) wing-bear- 

*ALIFORME, adj. (ent.) wing 

ALIGNE, E.part. d'Aligner, V.3, 
squared or laid out by a line, thai 
stands in a right line or in a row, 

AUGNEMENT, a-Iign-man, s. 
m. a squaring or laying out by a 
line. Ceile maison sort de V — , 
that house stands or jets out of 
the row. Alignement, (mii) 
line. Renirer dans I' — , to iall 
into line. 

ALIGNER, a-li-gna, v. a. v. 3, 
to square or lay out by a line. — 
des troupes, to form troops in a 
line, to line. tS'ali^ner, to form 
in line. Aligner, (Jig.) to square. 
— ses.mots, to square one's words. 

ALIGNETTE, s. /. small wood- 
en rod on which herrings, etc. 
are strung. 

ALIGNOLE, s. f. a kind of fish- 

ALIGNONET, s. m. a wedge (to 
split slate in the quarry). 

ALIMENT, a-li-man, s. m. food, 
aliment, nourishment, meat, nu- 
triment, nutrition. 

Aliments, pi. alimony, mainte- 

ALIMENTAIRE, a-li-raan-t4r, 
adj. that which belongs or re- 
lates to provision or maintenance. 
R^ime — (ined.) diet. 
[Alimenlaire follows the noun.] 

ALIMENTATION, a-li-man-ta- 
sion, s.f. alimentation. 

AHMENTER, al-i-man-ta, v. a. 
v. 3, to feed; to nourish, to main- 
tain, to supply with what is ne- 
cessary, to furnish. 

ALIMENTEU-X, SE, a-li-man- 
t6u, teuz, adj. (med.) nutritive, 
alimentary, alimenial, alimoni- 
ous, nourishing. 

'►ALIMOCHE, s. m. a kind of vul- 

'^ALIMUS, s. m. alimos, common 

ALINEA, a-li-nj-a, s. m. adv. 
a new paragraph, a break. 

ALINGE, E, adj. stocked with 

ALINGER, -v. a. v. 79, to furnish 

*ALIPEDES. V. Cheiroptijres. 

■►ALIPTIQUE, s.f (med.) the art 
of anointing. 

*ALIPTE, 3. m. (med.) one who 

ALIQUANTE, a-li-kant, adj. 
(ma(/i,) aliquant. Vnepartie — , 
an aliquant. 

ALIQUOTE, a-li-k6t, adj. suist. 
(math.) aliquot. Vne partie — , 
aliquot part. 

ALISE. V. Aliz^. 

""ALISMA, s. m. alisma, water- 

ALISMOIDES, adj. et s. f. pi. 
(bot.) a &mily of plants. 

ALITE, E, part. d'Aliter, v 3, 
bedrid, that keeps his bed. 

ALITER, a-li-ta, v. a. v. 3, to 
make one keep his bed. 

s'Alitkr, d. r. V. 3, to keep one's 
bed, to be bedrid. 








r5b, Ifird, 

m6od, h6od, 




briLit, hruTi, 

*ALITRONC, s.m. (ent.) posterior 

segment of the trunk of insects. 
*ALITURG1QUE, adj. days on 

which there is no public church 


(VLIZARI, s. m. Adrianople red. 

RIQUE, adj. (chim.) red colour- 
ing principle of madder. 
»ALIZE, a-llz,s./.the fruit of the 

lote or nettle-tree. 
ALIZE, a-li-za, a^. m. (mar.) 

Vents — s, trade-winds. 
*ALIRIER, ALISIER, a-li-zia, 

s. m. the lote or neitle-tree. 
*ALKAHEST, s. m. (alch.) alka- 
ALKALI et dirivis. V. Alcali, 


s. m. alkekengi or winter-cherry, 

*ALK£RMES, al-kSr-mfes, s. m. 

(pharm.) alkermes. 
ALKOOL. V. Alcool. 
ALLAH, al-la, s. m. Alia, Allah. 
ALLAITE, s. f. {hunting) the 

nipples of the she-wolf. 
ALLAITEMENT, a-lAt-man, =,. 

m. lactation, suckling. 
ALLAITER, a-lS-ta, v. a. v. 3, to 

suckle, to give suck, to nurse. 
ALLANT. a-lan, s.m. goer (only 

used in this phrase). Cell£ maison 

est ouverte a tons allanis et ve- 

vnnts, that house is open to all 

comers and goers. 
Allant, e, adj. v. stirring, bus- 
tling, jbnd of going about. 
{Allant follows the noun.] 
•ALLANTOATE, s. m. (chim.) a 

salt formed by allantoic acid and 

a base. 
*ALLANTOiDE, s. f. (flna.), al- 

lantois or allantoides. 
*ALLANTOfQUE, adj. (fildm.) 

the same as amniotique. 
*ALLANTOPHORE, adj. (zoo.) 

name given to a medusa. 
*ALLASIE, s. m. an African tree. 
*ALLAYER. V. Aloyer. 
ALLE, E, paH. d'AUer; v. 71, 

*ALLEBATE, «. m. a tom-tit. 
ALLECHEMENT, al-l«sh-man, 

s. m. allurement, enticement; 

bait, (fam.) 
ALLECHER, al-li-shJi, ».a.v.77, 

to allure, to entice. 
ALLEE, a-la, s. f. passage, the 

entry, alley, lane, a walk, line — 

converter a shady walk. 
Allees et venues, a-l4-z4v-ni, 
s. f. pi. going to and fro, going 
backward and forward. Faire 
des — , to jaunt, to do business. 
ALLEGATE0R, al-la-ga-tfiur, 
». m. alleger, (little used.) 
ALLEGATION, al-la-ga-slon, ». 
f. citing, citation, quotation ; al- 
legation, affirmation. 
ALLEGE, a-las, s. f. a small 
boat, a lighter, a tender. Al- 
lege, (arck.) window basement, 
sillof the window. 
ALLEGEANCE, 41-14^aiis, i.J I 

(old,) alleviation, ease. Serment 
d' — , oath of allegiance. 

ALLfiGEMENT, s. m. allevia- 
tion, ease, relief. Dormer — d un 
bateau, to lighten a boat. 

ALLEGER, al-la-2a,j).a.v. 3 et 
79, 10 ease, to disburden, to light- 
en, to unload. — un cable, to buoy 
up 07 to veer away the cable. Al- 
leged, to allay, to alleviate, to 
soften, to mitigate, to relieve, to 
lessen, to assuage pain or grief, 

v. 4, to make a horse lighter 
before than behind. 

ALLEGIR, V. a. v. 4, (manuf.) to 
lighten, to ease. 

ALLEGORIE, al-la-g6-rl, s. f. 
an allegory, emblem, a prolonged 

ALLEGORIQUE, al-la-g6-rik, 
adj. allegoric, allegorical; em- 
\AlUgorique follows the noun.] 

g6-rik-man, adv. allegorically. 

[AUegoriquemenl follows its 

ALLEGORISER, al-U-g6-r]-za, 
V. a. V. 3, to allegorize, to explain 
in an allegorical sense. 

Allegoriser, i>. n. v. 3, to speak, 
to write allegorically. 

ALLEGORISEUR, al-U-g5-ri- 
zfeur, s. m. an allegorizer. 

ALLEGORISTE, al-la-g6-rist, 
5. m. one that turns into alle- 

ALLEGRE, al-lf gr, adj. m. el f. 
brisk, nimble, sprightly, (fam.) 

[Alligre alwajrs follows the 

ALLfiGEAS, All^gias, s. m. 
kind of Indian cloth. 

ALLEGREMENT, al-l«gr-man, 
adv. briskly, in a sprightly man- 
ner, (old.) 

ALLEGRESSE, a-la-gr4s, s, /. 
mirth, cheerfulness, gladness, 

jollity, joy, festivity, gaiety, ala- 
crity, glee, jovialness, joyfulness. 
Cris a' — , shouts, huzzas. 

adv. et s. (mus.) allegro, alle- 

ALLEGUER, al-la-gd, ». a. v. 77, 
to allege ; to quote, to bring in, 
to cite, to plead, to produce, to 

ALLELUIA, al-la-m-yi, s. m. 

(has no pi.) hallelujah. "Alle- 
luia, oxys, wood-sorrel. 

ALLEMAGNE, al-magn, s. /. 


ALLEMAND, E, al-man, mand, 

adj. et s. German. Une querelle 

d'Allemand, a drunken quarrel. 

ALLEMANDE, al-mand, «. /. 

(mus.) allemande. 
ALLEMANDERIES, «. /. finery, 

ALLEMAZARON, s. m. a red 

earth which Spaniards are said 

to mix with snufT 
AlJ.Lii. ; m (liermanv,) Aller. 
Ai^ULU, ft lA, V. n. V. 7l, tu go. 

to be going; to move, tu be in 
motion or movement ; to repair, 
to resort ; to make go, to put in 
motion, to set agoing. Faire — , 
to laugh at, to deride, to jeer, to 
play a trick upon one. Alser 
a pied, to go on foot, — ^ cheval, 
to go on horseback, — au pas, to 
pace ; le trot, to trot ; son train, lo 
take one's own course ; a ihtons, 
to grope along ; audevaitt, to 
press ; au contraire, to oppose a 
thing. — au devani, to go and meet 
one. — fd el Id, to ramble, to 
jaunt. — en paix, to depart in 
peace. AUcms-nous bien? are 
we in the right way ? Ma monire 
Tie va pas, my watch is stopped. 
Allez vous promener, go about 
your business. Im riviere va ser- 
peniant, the river runs winding 
about. — au conseil, to go and ask 
advice. — aux informatimis, to 
make inquiries, to inquire. — aux 
opinions, aux avis, to put to the 
vote. Aller au bois, to go and 
buy wood. Ce vase va au feu, 
this jug stands the lire. — auplus 
pressi, to set about what is most 
urgent.— de pair, to be equal. 
Aller au port, to bear in with 
the harbour, (mar. ;) d la bouline, 
to sail with scant wind ; a grosse 
bouline, to sail with the wind 
upon the beam or large; d la 
derive, to try under bare poles ; 
au plus pros du vent, to sail close- 
hauled ; en course, to cruise 
against an enemy; enire deux 
icouies, to sail right afore the 
wind ; vent largue, to sail large ; 
terre d terre, to coast, to sail 
along shore •,avecla marie, centre 
/e vfiTii, to tide it up. Aller, to 
go, to reach, to come, to lead, to 
end. Ce chemin va d Viglise, 
this way goes or leads to the 
church. Terre qui va en pente, 
ground that goes sloping. Aller, 
to go, to do, to be, to go forward, 
to go on, to be well or ill, to suc- 
ceed. — de mal en pis, to grow 
worse and worse. Comment va 
la santi? how are you in health ? 
Comment cela va-t-il ? how goes 
it ? 7'out va bien, all is well. Xe 
feu ne va pas bien, the fire does 
not bum well, ie commerce ne 
va plus, trade is at a stand. Al- 
ler, V. 71, to fit, to become, to 
be matched. Voire kabil vous va 
mal, your coat don't fit you. Al- 
ler, to come, to amount. L'icot 
va d tant, the reckoning amoimts 
to so much. Aller, to do, to 
act, to proceed, to go about, to 
tend, to drive, to aim, to arrive, 
to come. H y va de bonne foi, 
he acts sincerely. — d la gloirti. 
to aim at glory. 11 n'y va que 
d'unefesse, he goes slackly to it. 
M yvade cu el de tele comme une 
comeiUe qui abat des noix, he sets 
about it tooth and nail. ^ Aller, 
to lay, to stake, to go, to play, 
De co?nbien dUez-vous? now 
much do you stake? Va mon 
reste (va tout,) I lay or stake all 
that I have left. Aller, to go 







antique . 


4bb, ov^r, j^une 




to stool, to have a motion, to give 
stools ; to work ; to void.— ^ar 
hauU to vomit. — par bas, to ope- 
rate downwards. Aller, (in the 
imperative, is an interjection,) 
come, go, away. AUon», mes 
umii, courage, come, friends, 
cheer up, take courage. Aller 
Cis sometimes expletive.) N^allez 
pas vous imaginer que, etc. do not 
think that, etc. Aller, to chance, 
to happen. Se laisseb Aller, 
to yield, to give way, to abandon 
one's self to a thing, not to resist. 
Se laisser — a la douleur, to give 
one's self up to grief. Jtl se 
laisse — , he is of an easy, yielding 
temper. Laisser- — soji corps, to 
have a loose, swinging gait. Lais- 
ser — , to release, to let go. Y al- 
ler, (im-pe7\s.) Tlyallaitdelavie, 
life was at stake. 11 y va trap die 
noire, I'm too deeply concerned 
in it. 1l en va, il en ira, il en 
IRAIT, (for il en est,) it is, it will 
be, etc. Comment vous en va? 
how do you do? Aller, (smS- 
stantive.) II a eu V — pour le ve 
nir, he has had his labour for his 
pains. Le pis — , the worst that 
can happen. Au pis — , let the 
worst come to the worst. Aller, 
(fg.) — S071 chemin, to pursue 
one's design. — son grand chemin, 
to walk uprightly. — vite en he- 
sogne, to act precipitately. Faire 
en — tout le monde, to drive every 
body away. A force de mat-— 
ioutirabien, fortune will change. 
On le halera iiend' — , he will be 
bound to his duty. On Va bien 
ItatA d' — , he has been sharply 
rebuked. Cela va sans dire, of 
course, that's understood, ^a ira, 
that will do. Cela nHra pas loin, 
that will not last long. Un las 
d'—, a lazy fellow, a lazy-bones. 
S'en Aller, d. j-. v. 71, to go 
away, to set out, to go out, to 
march off, to depart; to run 
away, to scamper ; to retire. {Im- 
perative,) va-t'en, go away. H 
s^en va, he is going away, Allez- 
vous-en, get you gone, S'en — 
par terre, to be falling. II s'en 
va pleuvoir, it is going to rain. 
11 s'en va, ou il s'en va mourir, 
he is dying. S'en aller, to run 
oiit, to evaporate, to wear out. 
Mon habit s'en va, my coat is 
wearing out. S'en aller d'une 
carte, (at cards,) to throw away. 
[L'imperatif va prend un s de- 
vanl y: vas-y, go thither: mais 
non quand y appariient d un 
autre verbe: Va y donner ordre, 
go and settle the matter. 

On emploie quelauefois le verbe 
etre au aeu du verbe aller, et Von 
dlt : Je fus, j'ai ^ii, j'avais iti, 
j'aurai tie, j'aurais iti, j'aie iti, 
j'eusse did, au lieu de j'aUai, je 
suis alM, j'dtais alU, je serai atU, 
je serais alU,je sois alU,jefusse 
alld. Mais il y a une grande dif- 
ference enire ces deux locutions; 
etre dlU, to be gone ; se dit quand 
on est parti pour se rendre dans 
un Ilea : il est atli au pare, he is 

gone to the park; avoir iti, to 
have been or gone, quand on est 
de reiour ; il a ill a Paris, he has 
been at Paris. Tous ceux qui 
sont alles, d la guerre n'en revien- 
droni pas ; tous ceux qui ont ^te 
a Rome n'en sont pas 7n£llleurs,:ill 
those who are gone to the war 
will not return; all those who 
have travelled to Rome, have not 
grown better for it.] 
ALLESURE. V. Aleser. 
ALLEU, a-leu, s. m. (Jur.) (only 
used with the word /rarac.) allo- 
dium, alleud. Franc, — , a free- 
ALLEVURE, «. /, a Swedish 

ALLIACfi, adj. (hot.) alliaceous, 

ALLIAGE, a-li-az, s. m. alloyage, 

alloying, mixture, alloy. 

ALLIAIRE, s.f. alliaria, hesperis, 

dame's violet, jack by the hedge, 

ALLIANCE, aUi-ans, s. f. alli- 
ance, marriage, match. L'an- 
cienne et la n&uvelle — , the old 
and new covenant. Alliance, 
alliance, confederacy. Alli- 
ance, union, uniting, blending. 
Alliance, a wedding-ring. 

ALLIE,E, k\-\l-i.,paTl.d'Mlier, 
V. 3, allied, associate, mixed; 
combined ; alloyed (with a baser 
metal, etc.) Allie, s. m. et f. 
kinsman, kinswoman, relation, 
kin, akin, kindred, an ally, 

ALLIEMENT, s.m. knot on the 
rope of a crane, 

ALLIER, al-li-a, u a. v, 3, to 
mix ; to combine, to imite, Al- 
LIER, to match, to marry; to al- 
ly, to join, to reconcile, s'Al- 
LiER, V. r, to be incorporated or 
mixed. s'Allier, to match. 
s'Allier, to make, to enter into 
an alliance or confederacy, 

ALLIER, al-lia, s. m. a sort of 

♦ALLIGATOR, s, m. alligator. 

ALLINGUE, s. /. pile driven in 
the bed of a river, etc. 

*ALLIONIE, s. /, (bot.) genus of 

ALLITERATION, al-li-ta-ra- 
sion, s.f. alliteration. 

ALLOBROGE, al-16-br6j, s. m. 
a clownish, unmannerly man. 

ALLOBROGIQUE, adj. relating 
to the AUobroges. 

*ALLOC AMELUS, ,s. m. (lama of 
Peru) elaphocamelus, glama, 

ALLOCA'TION, al-16-ki-slon, s. 

f. allocation, allowance (made 
upon an account.) 

*ALLOCHROfi, adj. (n. h.) that 

which changes colour, 

ALLOCUTION, al-16-iil-sion, s. 

/. allocution, address, speech, ha- 

ALLODIAL, E, al-lJ-di-il, adj. 

s. /. allodium, free-tenure, free- 

■"ALLODROME, adj. (enl ) name 
given to a spider, fLycosa «llo- 

*ALLOGONE, adj. Ijnin.) a pecu 
liar form of crystal, 
ALLONGE, a-lonst s, /. a piece 
of stuff to eke out any thing. — » 
dejperruque, drops of a wig, — sde 
cciniuron, belt-straps. Allonge, 
{mar.) a iiittock. — s couples, fut- 
tock-timber. — de revers, top-tira- 
hei.^-de pourques, futtoek-riders 
— d'imbiers, hawse-pieces — de 
poupe, stern timbers. — s accolies 
a. Vdtrave, ou Apbtres, knight- 
heads or bollard-limbers. — de ta- 
bleau, taflarel timbers. 
ALLONGE, E,part. d'Allongcr; 
V. 79, lengthened, elongated. 
ALLONGEMENT, a-lonz-man, 
«. m. a lengthening, stretching 
out, drawing out in length — du 
coup de quarte, (fencing,) the al- 
longe in carte. Allongement, 
prolonging, delaying, delay, dri- 
ving off 

ALLONGER, k-lon-zi,v a. v. 79, 
to lengthen, to elongate, to piece, 
to eke out ; to stretch out, to draw- 
out in length ; to delay, to pro- 
tract, to lengthen. — un cable, to 
haul up a range of the cable on 
deck. Allonge R un coup, to 
strike a blow, — fe parchemin, to 
spin out a case, Allonger la 
courroie, to make the most of 
one's place, to make a penny go 
a gireat way. Allonger ses 
pennes, (hawking), to mantle, to 
spread the wings, 
s' Allonger, v. r. v. 79, to stretch 
one's self out, to lengthen, to 
grow longer, t» stretch. 
*ALLOPTERES, s, m. pi. {icli.) 
the pectoral fins offish. 
*ALLOTRETES, adj. et s. 
{200.) two families of the class 
"ALLOTRIOPHAGIE, s. f.(med.) 
the morbid longing for innutri- 
tious substances, 

ALLOUABLE, il-16o-abl, adj. 
ijur.) allowable, that may be 
ALLOUE,E,part,d'AnoMer ; v,Sl, 
allowed. Un — , a journeyman. 
ALLOUER, al-16o-a, v. a. v, 81, 
(juT) to allow, to grant, to pass 
in an account. 

ALLUCHON, al-Ki-shon, s. m. 
cog, catch, tooth. 
ALLUME, E, 7)ar«, d'AHuma:y. 

3. Un ieint — , a fiery face. 
ALLUMER, al-lu-ma, v. a. v. 3, 
to light, to kindle, to set in a 
flame or on fire ; to inflame. 
s'Allumer, v. r. V. 3, to be light- 
ed, to be kindled, to light, to 
kindle, to catch or take fire, to 
be inflamed, 

ALLUMETTE, a-lft-raSt, s. f. 
a match, (comb-making), polish, 

ALLUMEUR, a-ld-mfeur, «. m. 

ALLURE, a-l&r, b, /, gait, pace 
way of walking. Allure d'un 
vaisseau, the trim of a ship, the 
maimer, way, or rate of going 
Allure d'un chevdl, pace. Al 
lure, (J^. and in a bad sense ^ 







rftbe, r6b, Idrd, m6od, hfiod, 



bise, bit, bran. 

conduct, way of proceeding; 
turn. Allures, intrigues. 

ALLURER, V. a. v. 3, to philter, 
to charm to love. (Ce sens vieil- 
liu Acad.) 

ALLUSION, Stl-lii-zion,s./. allu- 
sion, hint. 

(geol.) alluvial. 

ALLUVION, al-ia-vlon, s. /. 
•ALLUVIUM, s. m. (ged.) allu- 
vion, accretion. 

*ALLUX, s./.(eni.) part of the tar- 
sus of certain hisects. 

ALMADIE, s.f. a small canoe of 
Africa, almadie. 

ALMAGESTE, s. ire. (,ast.) alma- 

ALMANACH, al-ma-na, s. m. 
almanack, calendar. Jeprendrai 
de ses — s, I shall have confidence 
in his predictions. 

*ALMANDINE, s. /. (raby,) al- 
mandine, carbuncle. 

ALMERIE, «./. Almeria. 

ALMUCANTARAT, «. m. (ast.) 

*ALNICOLE, adj. (bot.) growing 
on the alder. 

*ALOES, a-16-Ss, s m. aloes, — 
succotrin, socotrine aloes. — hipa- 
tique ou apatie, Barbadoes aloes. 
— cdballin, horse-aloes. 

*ALOETIQUE,&-16-a-tIk, ALa 
IQUE, adj. {pharm.) aloetic or 

(flna.) a monster with human 
limbs and the body of a brute. 

ALOGES, s. m. pi. ancient Chris- 
tian sectaries. 

f. (fijia.) a hermaphrodite monster 
of the lower animals. 

'ALOGOTROPHIE, s ./. (med.) 

AlA)I,a-lwa,».m. alloy. Argent 
de bon-^t good money, Monnaie 
de bas, de faux, de Tnauvais — , 
bad, counterfeit money. Homme 
de has — , a man of mean birth or 
condition. Marchandisesdemau- 
vais — , goods of bad qualities. 

*ALOiD£S, s. /. aloides, strati- 
otes, ireshwater-soldier, the wa- 

*ALOiNE, s. f. {chim.) aa alcali 
found in aloes. 

*AL0iNEES,a4;". «<«./. j)i. {hot.) 
a group of LiliaceiE. 

"ALOMIEES, adj. et. s.f. pi. {hot) 
a sub-tribe of Eupatoriacere. 

ALONGE, elc. V. Allonge, etc. 

*ALONGEMENT, s. m. (.med.) 

*ALOPECIE, s.f. (med.) alopecia, 
the fox-evil. 

ALORS, a-16r, adv. then, at that 
time. — comme — , then, or we 
shall consider what course to 
[Alors before the subject; alors 

ilmedit; after the verb : ilmedit 

alors; constantly after the infini- 
tive: que pouvais-je dire alors? 

In compound tenses, after the par- 
ticiple: U s'esl repenii alors. In 

beginning a phrase with a r.euter 

verb, alors sometimes occasions 

the transposition of the subject: 

alors varut un komme. 

*ALOSE, a,-16z, s.f. {ich.) shad* 
alose. I 

*ALOUCHE de Bourgogne, s. m. 
Alpinn sorbus or service-tree. 

*ALOUCHI, s.m, (gum-resin of the 
white cinnamon.) 

*ALOUETT£, a-16o-St, s. f. a 
lark. — huppie, tufted lark V. 
CocHEVis, Mauviette. 

ALOURDIR, a-16or-dlr, v.a. v. 4, 
to dull ; to make heavy, stupid, 

ALOUVI, E, adj. insatiable, insa- 
tiate, &mished, as hungry as a 

ALOYAGE, a-lw4-ya2,s. m. pew- 
ter, alloying, mixture. 

ALOYAU, X, a-lwa-yo, 5. m. a 
short rib of beef, a loin ; sirloin. 

ALOYER, a-lwi-yd, v. a. v. 80, 
to alloy gold and silver. 

ALOYER, V. n. v. 80, (coining) to 
alloy gold and silver as required 
by law. 

*ALPAGNE, ou PACOS, .. m. 
(quadruped) alpagna, paces. 

*ALPAM, s,f. (a plant) alpam. 

ALPEN ou ALPAGE, s. m. a 
piece of ground untitled. 

ALPES, s.>.y«. Alps. 

ALPESTRE, al-plstr, adj. Al- 

ALPHA, al-fil, s. m. alpha, (the 
first letter of the alphabet, fig. 
the beginning,) alpha. 

ALPHABET, al-f a-bS, s. m. al- 
phabet, the a, b, c. Alphabet, a 
primer, hornbook. 

ALPHABETAIRE, adj. el s. m. 
(hot.) a writer who classes plants 
only alphabetically. 

adj. alphabetic, alphabetical. 
[Alphabitique always follows 

the noun.] 


*ALPHANET, s.m. Alphanette 
ou Alphanesse, s.f. Tunisian 

SIEN, s. m. a Tunisian falcon. 

*ALPHEES, s. m. pi. (crust.) ge- 
nus of Crustacea. 

*ALPHINEE, s. /. an aromatic 

»ALPHITIDON, s. m. (cMr.) frac- 
ture of the cranium; (obs.) 

ALPHITOMANCIE, s. /. divi- 
nation by means of flour. 

*ALPHONSIN, Alfonsin, s. m. 
(chir.) instrument to extract balls. 

ALPHONSINES, adj. f. pi. as- 
tronomical tables so cafled. 

*ALPHOS, s. m. (med.) a species of 

ALPIGENE, adj.f. alpine. 

*ALPINES, s.f. pf. (bot.) a genus 
of plants. 

ALiPIOU, s. m. (gaming) Faire un 
— , to stake double. 

*ALPI9R'E, s. m. phaloris, canary- 
grass or seed. 

ALPUXARRAS, s. m. Alpuxares. 

*ALQUE, s. m. (orn.) penguin. 
ALQUIER, s. m. Portugueu 


*ALQUIFOUX, al-ii-ffio, s. m. 
alquifou, potter's ore, galena, 

ALRUNES, J. m. (myth.) Celtic 

ALSACE, Alsace. 

*ALSEBRAN, ». m. (pharm.) 
kind of electuary ; (hot.) several 
plants so called. 

*.4LSIN£, s.f. (hot.) a medicinal 
plant. I . 

* ALSINEES, adj. et s.f. pi. (bot.) a 
tribe of caryophyllese. 

*ALSODINEES,a(ij.e( s.fpl.(hot.) 
a tribe of violaria. 

*ALSTROf:MERIE, s.f. a genua 
of plants. 

ALTE, alt, V. Halte. 

ALTERABLE, al-ta-rabl, adj. 
corruptible, that may be adulte- 
rated, alterable. 
[AteaWe, after the noun.] 

ALTERANT, E, al-ta-ran, rant, 
adj. V. that causes thirst. 
[Alterant, after the noun.] 

*ALTERATI-F, VE, al-ta -ra-tif, 
tlv, adj. et s. m. (med.) alterative. 

ALTERATION, al-ta-ra-sion,s. 

/. alteration, change, deteriora- 
tion, corruption. L' — des cou- 
leurs, the lading of the colours 
L' — de sa voix, the faltering of 
his voice. Sa?is — , genuinely. 
Causer de V — dans les esprits, to 
raise anger in men's minds. Al- 
teration, adulteration, debas- 
ing. . Alteration, excessive 
thirst, drought, ihirstiness. 

ALTERCAS, s. m. (old) V. Al- 

ALTERCVTION, al-tSr-ka-slon. 
s.f. altercation, contest, wrangle, 

ALTERE, E, al-ta-ra, part, ff 
AUirer ; v. 7'7, altered, adulterat- 
ed ; thirsty, dry, adry. — de g1mre, 
greedy of glory, t/n— , a griping 
covetous man. 

ALTERER,al-ta-r»l , v. a. v. 77, to 
alter, to change, to impair. Al- 
TERER, to impair, to alter, to 
change, to hurt, to spoil. Al- 
TERER la monnaie, to adulterate 
or debase the coin. Alterer, 
to make dry or thirsty, to cause 
thirst. ' 

s'Alterer, v. r. v. 77, to be im- 
paired or altered. 

*ALTERNANTE, s. /. (bot.) a 
kind of amaranth. 

ALTERNAT, al-tSr-nl, 
teniating,the right of alternating. 

ALTERNATION, s.f. alterna- 

TERNI-PENNE, adj. a pin- 
nated, leaf, with the leaflets.situ- 
ated alternately on a common 

ALTERNATI-F, VE, al-tSr.nt- 
tlf^tl V, adj. alternale,altematiye, 
done, by^ turns, ; -■■ •_, - 

Alternative, s. f. allerpativ;, 
choice, option ' 

.49 ■■■ 


bar, bat, base, antique : thJre, 4bb, ov4r, jeune, ra6,ute, bSurre, li^n: 

na-tlv-man, adv. alternately, al- 
ternately, alternatively, inter- 
changeably, by turns, one after 
another., ; h 
[AlterTuztivement after the verb.] 

ALTERISE, kUim, adj. (gepm^ 
and hot.) alternate. 

ALTERNfi, E, adj. (hi.) alternate. 

ALTERNER,al-t4r-nd,«.7i.v.3, to 
alternate, to succeed each other 
alternately. A lterner un champ, 
to rear alternate crops of com and 
hay in a field. 

*A£,TEENIFL0RE, adj. Ifiot.) 
vvith alterpate flowers. 

*ALTERNIFOLlfi,a<27.(6o(.) with 
alternate leaves. 

ALTERQUER, v. a. v. 3, (in- 
troduced by Koiisseau,) to dis- 
pute, to debate, to wrangle. 

ALTESSE;, al-tSs, s. /. highness, 
■ — royale, roya,l highness. On le 
traited' — , he is styled his high- 

♦ALTH^A ou GUIMAUVE, s.f. 
althssa, marsh-mallows. 

•ALTHEA-FRUTEX, s. m. hi- 
biscus Syriacus, Syrian-mallow, 
althsea-frutex. ■ 

*ALTH£INE, s.f. (.chm.) a sali- 
fiable base found in the althsea. 

*ALTHI0NIQUE, V. Alcoo- 


ALTI-ER, ere, kUii,lUt,adj. 
haughtyi proud, arrogant^ lordly, 
lofty, high, domineering, elate, 
[Altier may precede the noun 

in verse and poetical prose.] 

ALTIEREMENT, adv. haughti- 
ly, (not used.) 

*ALTILOQUE, adj. (,om.) applied 
to a bird (Sylvia altiloqua.) 

ALTIMETRE, s. m. (mat.) alti- 

ALTIMETRIE, „. /. (geom. and 
mat.) altimetry. 

*ALTINGAT, «. m. {alcUm.) ver- 

(prn.) a section of scansores. 

*ALTISE, s.f. (.eat.) genus of the 
family chrysomelinre. 

*ALTIVOLE, adj. (Jiot.) climbing 

ALTO, 3,l-t6, s. m. (mus.) a viol. 

*ALUCITADES, adj. el s. m. pi 
(ent.) a family of lepidoptera. 

ALTO-BASSO, s. m. a musical 

*ALUCO, s. m. aluco, barn-owl, 

ALUDE, s.f. sheep's-leathcr, co- 
loured pheep-skin. 

*ALUDEL, s. m. (.Chim.) aludel, 
earthen subliming-pot. 

*ALUINE, s.f. sea wormwood. 

*AEUINE, s.f. (hot.) a kind of ar- 

*ALTJLE, s.f. (orn.) V. Aileron, 
and (ent) a little wing. 

ALUMELLE, a-lii-mll, s. /. the 
blade of a knife; lance-head. {II 
est vieux. Acad.) 

Alumelle, s.f. a cassock without 

ALUMELLES. V. Amolkttks. 

ALUMIERE, s. /. alum-house, 

adj. (min.) volcanic rocks contain- 
ing alum. 

ATE, X. m. {ehim.) aluminate. 

IDE, s. m. {min.) alumina. 

adj. {min.) containing alumina. 

harytique, ^c. adj. {chim.) double 
salts, one of which is an aluminic 

*ALUMINIDES, «. m. pi. (.win.) a 
family of minerals^ . 

ALUMINIQUE, adj. (chim.) salts 
in which alumine acts as a base., 

*ALUMINEU-X, ,SE, J-lii-mi- 
nSu, nduz, adj. aluminous. 

*ALUMINITIM, s. m.lpUm.) alu- 

ALUN, a-lu7!, s. m. alum. — rouge 
ou rojnain, red or Roman alum. 
■ — blanc, de roche, de glace, ou d'- 
Angleterre, rock or roche-alum. 
~rde plume, ou de. Sidle, plume 
alum. — briiU ou calcini, burnt 
alum. — isucrd ou de Sucre. — suc- 
can'n, sugar alum. — catin, potash. 

ALUNAGE, i-liL-nkz, s. m. (dye- 
ing) steeping in alum. 

ALUNATION, a-ld-na-sioK, s.f. 
(chim.) the operation of preparing 
alum. ■ 

ALtTNER, a-lii-nd, v. a. v. 3, to 
steep in alum-water. 

ALUNIERE, a-lil-nl-4r, s. /. a- 

*ALUNIFERE, adj. containing 

*ALVARDE, !. m. a gramineous 

*ALVEOLAlRE, adj. belonging 
to the sockets of the teeth ; al- 
veolar, alveolary. 

*ALVEOLE, al-va-6l, s.f. alve- 
olus, thecell (of a bee in a honeyi- 
comb.) Alveole, alveolus, a soc- 
ket , 

LIFORME, 047. (n. h.) alveolated. 

*ALVEOLAIRES, adj. el. s.m. pi. 
(■zoQ.) a family of the class polypi. 

*ALVfiO-LABIAL, adj. (ana.) the 
buccinator muscle. 

*ALV£OLITHE, s. m. genus of 


■ "Jvr 


*ALVIE, s. f. (hot.) the pinus 

*ALVIN, E, adj. (med.) alvine. 
*ALVITHORA'X, s.m., a part of 

the head of certain crust^icea. 
*ALYDE, s.f. (ent.) genus of he- 

*ALYPUM, s. Ml. alypum, tithy- 

malus, spurge. 
*ALYSELMENTHE, s. m. (an- 

nel.) genus of intestinal worms. 
*ALYSIE, s. /. (ent.) genus of 

*ALYSSINfiES, adj. et s.f. pi. 

(bot.) a tribe of crucifene. 
*ALYSSOlDES, adj. et s. f. pi. 

(bot.) a section of the genus pleU- 


*ALYS]VI£, s. m. (med.). restlesa 
ness. j 

*ALYSSO]V,,«./. alyssum, mad- 
*ALYTARCHIE, s. /. finliq.) 
dignity of an alytarch. 
*ALYTARQUE, s. m. (antig.) an- 
cient Greek magistrate^ 
AMABILITE, a-ma-bi li-ta, s. 
f, amiability, amiableness. 
AMADEISTE, s. m. kind of Aus- 
tin friars. 
*AMADELPHE, adj. (bot.) in 

AMADIS, s. m. (a sort of gown or 
shirt sleeve fitting close to the 
arm and buttoning round the 
wrist ; tight sleeve. 
AMADOTE, a-ma-d5t, s.f. (kind 
of pear tree, the tree is masc.) 
AMADOU, a-ma-dSo, s. m. Ger- 
man tinder; agaric, amadou, 

AMADOURI, Ajiandocjri, s. mi 
kind of cotton of Alexandria. 
*AMADOUTIER, s. m. name of 
the spunk agaric. 
-AMADOUVIER, adj. (hot.) bole- 
tus of which tinder is made. 
AMADOUER, a-ma-dbo-d, v. a. 
y. 3, to coax, to wheedle, to ca- 
jole, to flatter. 

AMADOUEUR, s. m. coaxer, 

AMAIGRIR, a-mS-grlr, v. a. v. 
4, to make lean, meagre or thin, 
to emaciate, to shrink. Am aigrir 
(arch.) unepierre, to make it thin 

Amaigrir, v. n. v. 4, to iall away 
to grow or become lean or thin 
V. Maigrir. 
s'Amaigrir, v. r. v. 4, to grow 
thin, to fall away. 
gris-man), s.m. extenuation, ema- 
ciation, growing lean, falling 

AM.4.IRADES, Amaillades, 5./ 
pi. a kind of fishing-net. 
*AMALGAMATIOi^, a-mal-gl- 
ma-sioM, s.f. (chim.) amalgama- 

*AMALGAME, a-mal-gam, s. 
m. (chim.) amalgam. Amaloame 
(fg. and /am.) medley, mixture, 

*AMALGAMER, a-mal-ga-md, 
1). a. V. 3, (chim.) to amalgamate, 
to unite metals with quicksilver. 
Amalgamer, v. a. v. 3, (Jig. et 
fam.) to amalgamate, to combine, 
to blend. 

s' Amalgamer, v. r. v. 3, to amal- 
gamate, s' Amalgamer (fg.) to 
amalgamate, to imite, to blend 
*AMALTHEE, s. f. (bot.) collec- 
tion of dry fruits in a calyx. 
*AMALTHEES, adj. et s.f. pi. 
(bot.) a tribe of ammoneee. 
AMAN, s. m. (mar.) tie of a lateen- 

AMAND (St-), s. m. St. Amand. 
AMANDE (■a-itiEind), s.f. an al- 
mond; the kernel. — s en cojue, 
almonds in the shell. — s d craquer 
— des dames:, Jordan almonds. a 








r6b, Ifird, 







litsies, sugar-plums. — ■», d la 
praline, crisp or burnt almonds. 
Amanoe, an almond-like piece 
ol" crystal in a hrauch-candle- 

4MANDE, a-man-da, s., m. a 
sort «f posset, almond-milk. 
AMANDIER, a-man-dia, s. m. 
an almond tree. 
*AM.\NIT£, s. m. kind of mush- 

»AMANITINE, s. f. (c/iim.) the 
venomous principle of the fungi. 
'AMANOYEK, s. m. tree of Gui- 

AMANT, E, a-man, mant, s. a 
lover, wooer, suitor; amante, 
sweetheart, mistress ; (po^t.) love, 
leman, spark, gallant, paramour, 

.4MAPER, V. a. v. 3, (mar.) to lay 
hold of 
"AMARANTHE, a-ma-rant, ou. 
PASSE-VELOURS, s. /. ama- 
ranth, the purple flower-gentle, 
the Gock's-comb, the tricolor, 
prince's feather, love-flower. 
Amaranthe, adj. amaranthine, of 
an amaranth colour, amaranth- 
RANTHOIDES, adj.el s.f. pi. 
{hot.) a family of plants. 
♦AMARANTHINE, a-mi-ran- 
tin, s. f. a sort of anemone or 
AMARINAGE, a-ma-rl^az, s. 
m. (mar.)action of manning a ship 
taken from the enemy, manning 
a prize. 

{chim.) the bitter principle. 
AMARINER, a-ma-rl-nt, Itne 
prise, V. a-, v. 3, {Tnar.) to man a 
prize. — un homme, to inure to 

AMARQUE, s.f. V. Balise. 
AMARRAGE, k-mk-rkx, «. m. 
(mar.) anchoring, casting anchor 
or mooring of a ship. — A plat, 
the lashing of the shrouds and 
stays ; en etrive, the seizing of a 
shroud to its dead-eye; enfouet, 
a tailblock. Amarhage, grpund- 

AMARRE, k-mkr, s. f. I.mar.) a 
cable, a rope to make any thing 
fast, a hawser, a seizing. — de- 
bout, head-fast; de travers, breast- 
fast; depoupe ou d'arriere, stem- 
fast. Amarbes, (carpentiy,) the 
cheeks or posts of a wind-beam or 
AMARRE, E, part. i'Amarrer; 
V. 3, moored, fastened. 
AMARRER, a-m4-ra ; v. a. v. 3, 
imar.) to moor, to belay, to make 
fast, to lash, to tie, to seize. 
Amarre! belay! 

*AMARYLLIDE:ES, adj.ett./. 
pi. (bot.) a family of plants. 
s.f. pi. {bot.) a section of amaryl- 

"AMARYLLIS, s.f. (,boCj. amaryl- 
lis, (en!.) a butterfly so called. 
AMAS, 4-mi, s. m. a mass, heap, 
pile, collection, hoard, store, ac- 
cumulation, cluster. 

AMASONIE, s. /. herbaceous 

American plant. 
AMASSER, a-mi-sfi ; v.B. v. 3, to 

heap up, to hoard up, to lay upy to 

treasure up, to collect, to gainer, 

to gather up, to get together, to 

lay in, to accumulate, to store, to 

raKe together ; to assemble, to 

congregate, to stock, to put tO: 

gether. Amasser, to pick up. 

(Old ; we say Ramasser.) 
s'Amasser, v. t. V, 3, to gather, to 

get together, to accumulate, to be 


AMASSETTE, a-m4-s4t, s. /. a 

palette-knife, used by pa(intcrs. 

*AMASTOZOAIRES, (a??, et s.m. 

pi. (^zool.) vertebral animals with- 
out mammss. 

*AMATE, f. f. (eni.) genus of 

AMATELOTTAGE, a-mat-15- 

' tai, s.m. (mar.) action of pairing 
off the crew; messmatirig. 

AMATELOTTER, a-mat-16-ta, 
t). a. V. 3, (mar.) to divide the ere w 
of a ship, and give each sailor 
his mate ; to mess. 

AMATEUR, a»ina-t6ur, s. m. a 
lover, an admirer, amateur, vir- 
tuoso,^/, virtubsi (/em. sometimes 

*AMATHIE, s. /. kind of poly- 

, pus. 

AMATIR, a-ma-tlr; v. a. v. 4, 
(t. of goldsmith,) to, unpolish gold 
or silver ; (coining) to blanch the 

*AMATOTE, s. m. (zoo.) a genus 
of tubularia. 

*AMAUROSE, s. /. (med.) amau- 
rosis, gutta Serena. 

AMAZONE, a-ma-z6n. s.f. an 
amazon, a warlike woman. Ama- 
zons, a riding-habit. 

AMBACHT,s.m. (a disttict,) am- 

AMBAGES, an-baz,.»./. pi. am- 
bages, an idle circumlocution. 

(tree of Brazil,) ambaiba. 

»AMBAITINGA, s. m. (tree of 
India) ambaitinga. 

*AMBALAM,. s.m. (tree of India) 

AMBALARD, s. m. a paper-ma- 
ker's wheelbarrow. 

•►AMBARE, s. m. (tree of India) 

AMBARVALES, s. (rnylh.) 
sacrifices in honpur of Ceres, 

AMBASSADE, an-bS-sad, s.f. 
embassy, embassade, all persons 
attached or belonging to the em- 

AMBASSADEUR, an-ba-sa- 
deur, s. m. an embassador or am- 
bassador; a messenger, an envoy. 

AMBASSADRICE, an-ba-sa- 
dris, s.f. an ambassadress. 

AMBE, s. m. (two numbers in the 
game oflotn) ambe. 

*AMBELA, s, m. (tree of India) 

AMBESAS, anb-zls, s. m.amh- 
sace, two aces, more commonly 
we say Beset. 

*AMBI, s. m. (chir.) ambe, ambi. 

'*AMBIA,' s. f. (Indian bitumen) 

*AMB1ANNULAIRE, adj. (min.) 
a crystal of peculiar form- 
AMBIANT, E, an-bl-an, ttnt, 
adj. ambient. 

[Ambiant, after the noim.] 
AMBIDEXTRE, an^bl-dSkstr, 
adj. ambidexter. Vn juge^, a 
judge who accepts money from 
both parties, 

[Anundextre, afler the noun.] 
*AMBIGENE, adj. (n. h.) herma- 

AMBIGU, E, an-bl-^jft, gi, adj. 
ambiguous, equivocal, homony- 
mous, having two meanings, 

AMBIGU, s. m. ambigu, an odd 
mixture, a strange medley of 
dishes served up together. 

[Ambigu, after the noun.] 
*AMBIGUIELORE, , adj: (fiot.) 
' having ambiguous flowers, 

ambiguity, double meaning, 

doubtfulness, uncertainty. 
AMBIGUMENT,, an-bl-gJi-man, 

adv. atnbiguously; with double 

meaning, equivocally. 
•AMBIPARE, adj. (jbol.) a bud 

enclosing' flowers and leaves; 
AMBITte, s.f. glass too soft for 

want of sand. 

si^uz-man, adv. ambitiously. 
AMBITIEU-X, SE, an-bi-Bi6u, 

sleuz, adj. et suhst. ambitious, an 

ambitious man or woman; fiiU 

of ambition, desirous or greedy 

of honours; high-minded. 
lAnibiiieitx may precede the 
noun if there is analogy aiid har- 
mony : , d'ambitieux pi;yeis. See 

AMBITION, an-bl-sio7i, s.f. am- 
AMBITIONNER, an-bl-sia-ni; 

V. a. V, 3, to desire earnestly, to 

be ambitious of; 
AMBLE, anbl, «. m. amble, pace, 

Aller V — , to amble, to pace. 
*AMBLEMipES,. adj. et s. m. pi. 

(mol.) a tribe of pedifera. 
*AMBLEOCARPE, adj. (bot.) pro- 
ducing little seed. 

m. (med.) an abortion. 
♦AMBLOTIQUE, adj. (med.) that 

which causes abortion. 
AMBLER, an-bla, v.n. v. 3, to 

amble, to pace. 

AMBLEUR, s. m. ambler, pacer. 
*AMBLYGONE, adj. amblygon, 


*AMBLYHAPfflE, KAnhaphie. 
•►AMBLYODE, s.f. kind of moss. 
■'AMBLYOPES, adj. el s. m. pi. 

(rep.) a family of ^uri. 
■"AMBLYOPIE, t.f. (med.) ambly- 

opy, gutta Serena. 
*AMBLYTERE, oA'. (min.) a 

crystal of peculiar form. 
AMBON, s. m. (tribune) ambo. 
*AMB0RE:ES, adj. et s.f pi. (bot.) 

a section of monimiHS. 
AMBOTRACE, ». m. an instru 




b&r, bat, base, antique: thAre, ibh, ov^r, jeO ne, m^nte, b eurrej lifa: 

ment for writing two letters at 
the same titne. 

AMBOOTIR, v.a. v. 4, (t.of gold- 
smith,) to snarl. 

AMBOUTISSOIR,s.m. (t. of gold- 
smitii,) snarliiig-iron. 

AMBRE, anbr, s. m, amber. — 
gris, ambergris. Gants d* — , 
gloves perfumed with ambergris. 
■^^blanc (impropretnent Blanc de 
taleine), spermaceti.— ^'oMTie ou 
auccin, yellow amber, succinum. 
.-rrnoir ei renardd, .blaclt amber- 
gris. — liquide, liquid amber. 

*AMBRfi, adj. (n. h.) ,relating> to 
amber. ' 

A'MBRE, E, adj. amber-coloured. 

*AMBR]<;ADE, an-bra-ad, s. f. 
bastard amber. 

*AMBRftAT£, s. m. {chim.) salts 
ibrmed from ambreic acid and a 

*JkJSlBREINE, s. /. IfiUm.) the 
base of ambergris. 

*AMBREIQUE, adj. (fildm.) am- 
breic (acid.) 

*AMBROIXX5IE, s. f. a treatise 
on amber. 

AiMBRER, an-bra, v. a. ,. 3, to 
perfume with ambergris. 

*AMBRETTE, an-br«t, s.f. the 
purple sweet-sultan. Poire d' — , 
a pear of a musky flavour. 

*Amerette ou Gk/iine de musc, 

*AMBROISIE, s.f. 0ot.) a genus 
of urticeaj. 


fiES, adj. el s.f. pi. (pot.) families 


an-brw4-sl, s.f. ambrosia, wood- 

AMBROSIEN, ]ME, adj. Ambro- 

. sian. Messe — ne, Ambrosian 

*A.MBROSINIE, s.f. (bat.) a spe- 
cies of the aroideas. 

AMBUBAGE, s. m. Syrian flute. 

LACRIFORME, aif;. (n. A.) hav- 
ing the form of an ambulacrum. 

*AMBULACRE, .•>. m. (n. h.) band 
on the shell of certain animals. 

AMBULANCE, an-bu-lans, s.f. 
a field hospital. Ambulance, the 
business of a travelling excise- 

AMBULANT,E, an-bu-lan, lant, 
a(?/. ambulatory. Hopital—, Held 
hospital. MarcJtana — , a pedler. 
Comidiens — s, strolling playera. 
Vn homme fort — , a rambler. 
*i,med.) flying, itresipile — ..flying 

. [Ambula-nl, after the noun.l 

AMBULATOIRE, an-bft-Il- 
twar, adj. ambulatoiy, moveable, 
itinerant, changeable. 
{Amhidatoire follows the noun.] 

*AMBULIE, s.f. aquatic plant of 
Malabar. , ■ 

AMBULTPEDES, s. m. pi. a 
family of .carnivorous mammi- 

AMBURBALES, s. f. pi, {ant.) 
Roman feBtivdl. ' 

53' ■■' 

AME, Im, s,f. the soul, the mind. 
Sans — , spiritless. X' — damnie 
de mielqu'un,a tool, hireling, un- 
derling, understrapper; who does' 
dirty work for one. Rendre V — , 
to give^up the ghost. Ame, soul, 
conscience, u a V — bourreliei 
his conscience is stung. Ame, 
spirit, sentiment. Charge d' — s, 
cure of souls. Ame, soul, person, 
people. L'A.ME d^une devise, the 
reotlo. L'Ame d'un canon, the 
bore of a cannon. L'ame d'un 
violon, the sounding-post. L'ame 
d'un souffiet, the valve of a pair 
of bellows. L'ame d'un fagoV, 
the brush-wood, the small sticks 
in a fagot. L'ame d'un grand 
cor(?ag'e, the middle strand. Ame, 
{sculpt, and founder,) a rough fi- 
gure of clay J the model or figure 
made use of to form the mould. 

AME, E, a-ma, adj. (jur.) well- 

*AMfilEODES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(rep.) a family of ^uri. 

AIMELANCHIER, s. m. (bot.) 
diospyros, the stone-crop. 

AMfiLIORATION, a-ma-li5-ra- 
sion, s.f. amelioration, improve- 
ment, melioration, bettering, 

AMELIORER, a-ma-li6-ra ; vj2. 
V. 3, to ameliorate, to iihprove, to 
meliorate, to better, to cultivate, 
to mend. s'AMELioRER,tomend, 
to improve. 

(peculiar to the order of Malta,) 
improvement, amelioration, bet- 

*AMELLIE, s.m. the almond tree. 

*AMELLOiDfiES, adj. et s.f. pi. 
(fiot.) a section of the sub-tribe 

(mar.) a square pyramidal mor- 

AMEN, s. m. amen, so be it. 

AMENAGE, am-naz, s. m. the 
bringing of any thing; carriage. 

AMENAGEMENT, s. m. felling, 
replanting, preserving, V. Auen- 


AM^NAGER, a-ma-na-^a, v. a. 
V. 79, to regulate the felling, re- 
planting and preserving ofa wood 
or forest. — un arbre, to sell a tree 
standing or in timber. 

AMENDABLE, a-man-dabl, adj. 
improvable, mendable; finable, 
liable to fine. 
[Amendable, after the noun.] 

AMENDE, a-mand, ,s. /. fine, 
mulct, amercement or amercia- 
ment, penalty, forfeit, forfeiture. 
Amende honorable, an ignomi- 
nious punishment inflicted by a 
court of justice, which consists in 
confe!,sing publicly one's crinie, 
and asking pardon for the same. 
(.Fig. el /dm.) Faire— honorable 
to beg pardon. 

AMEND6, E, part. d'Amender; 
V. 3, amended, mended. "Toutest 
aTti,ejidi, piark^s are cheaper 

AMENDEMENT, a-mand-man, 
s. m. amendment, mending, bet- 
tering, improvement. 

AMENDER, a-man-da; t).a, v. 3, 
to mend, to better, to correct/to 
improye. -'■ ' 

Amendee, ». n. T. 3, to mend, to 
grow better, to be the better for, 
to improve, to be on the mending 
hand, to profit. Amender ou 
Ramender, to fall in price. 

s' Amender, v. r^ vj 3, to mend, to 
grow better, to reform. 

AMENi, s. m. (jur.) an order to 
bring one before the court. 

Amen^, s,part.d'Amener,iTOVight. 

AMENER, am-nd,K. a. v. 75, to 
bring; to bring , in, to bring up; 
to lead ; to fetch, to introduce, to 
prevail upon,to induce. Amener, 
v. 75, to' take to one's self. 

Amener, v. n. et a. v. 75, (mar.) to 
bring waft,to strike,to lower. 
— en paguet, en douceur, to lower 
cheerily, hafidsomely. Amend 
bring to ! — une terre, to make the 
land. Amener uv£ mode, un 
usage, to bring in or up a fashion 
or custom, to introduce it, Ame- 
ner, (dice,) to throw, to flin^. 
Amener, to bring, to be followed 
by, to bring in, to precede. 

"AMENIE, s.f. (jned.) absence of 
the menses. 

AMENITE, a-ma-ni-ta, s.f. 
amenity, pleasantness,a^eeablc- 
ness, complacency. 

*AMENOMANIE, s. f. (jned.) 
pleasurable monomania. 

*AMENORRHEE, s. /. (jned.) 

'AMENTACEES, a-man-ta-sa, 
*■/. pt. (bot.) plants of the amen- 
taceous tribe or family. 

AMENTHES, s.m.(egypt.myth.) 
metempsychosis. ' 

AMENUISER, &m-n6i-za, v. a. 
v. 3, to make thin or slender; 
to make small or smaller; to 

AM-ER, ERE, a-mir, adj. bitter. 
(Fig.) bitter, sad, painful, griev- 
ous, afflicting ; harsh, hard, cut- 
ting, biting, galling. — Rendre—, 
to imbitter. L'ond'e — e, the briny 
waves. Avoir la bouche — e, to 
have a bitter taste in the mouth. 
D'une iktise—^, rank nonsense. 

[Amer may precede the noun : 
d'amers regrets; poetical in such 
a position.] 

Amer, s.m. bitterness. Prendre 
des—s, to drink bitters, L' — d'u7i 
baeu^, the gall of an ox. 

AMERS, s. m. pi. (mar.) seamark, 


(only,%:) bitterly, grievously. 
[Amkrementmay come between 

the auxiliary and the verb ] 
AMERiQUE, a-ma-rik, s. / 


AMERICAIN, E, adj. et subsl. 

AMERTUME, a-m«r-t6m, s. / 

bitterness! bitter taste, acerbity 

grief, gall, venom. 







ribe, r5b, 16rd, mood, hAod, v&s, 



b&t, bnin. 


given to the petrels in the Levant. 

AMESTRER,o. o. v. 3, (dyeing)to 

prepare goods in a parljcular 

(en/.) a sub-class, of msccts. 

term applied to certain insects. 

s. m. pi. (en/.) a 'class of insecta. 

*AMETHODIQUE, adj. (itied.) 
without method. 

*AMETHYSTE, a-md-tist,'s. / 
an amethyst. 

TIN, adj. of a violet colour. 

*AMETRIE, s. /. (med) irregu- 

AMfiUBLEMENT, a-mSubl- 
miin, s. m. furniture, househqld. 

AMEUBLER, v. a. v. 3. (now 
meutler,) to fit up, to furnish. 

AMEUBUR, a-raSu-bllr, v. a. v. 
4, (jur.) to convert into movea- 

Ameudlik, v. 4, (agr.) to make 
land lighter. 

blis-man, s. m. (jiir.) the making 
moveable, the thing made move- 
able. (.Agr.) the making land 

V. a. V. 3, to stack hay, corn, etc. 

AMEUTE, E.part. d'AmeiOer, v. 
3. Des chiens bien ameutis, dogs 
well broken for hunting. Des 
gens ameuteSf a mob. 

AMEUTEMENT, s.m. the break- 
ing of dogs to hunt together. 

AMEUTER, a-m^u-td, I'.o. v.3, 
to keep a pack of dogs close to- 
gether in hunting, to break or 
train them for himting. Ameu- 
TER le peiiple, to stir up, to col- 
lect the people together, and set 
them against somebody or some- 
thing ; to raise a mob. 

s'Ameotee, v. t. v. 3, to gather in 
a mob, to aseemble riotously. 

AMFIGOURr, V. Amphigouri. 

A-MI-LA. s. m. the note la in the 
natural diatonic scale. 

AMI, E, a-mi, ml, subsl. friend. 
L'—du asur, the bosom-friend.-— 
de bouieille, a pot-companion. — 
dedSiauche, a £el\ow-iake. En — , 
neighbourly. Bans — ;S, quarter- 
cousins. Bon — lover, bonve amie, 
mistress, sweetheart. — de cour, a 
false friend.— <?e la faveur^—dfi 
la forlwne, one who courts ano- 
ther's friendship only to serve his 
own turn. Nows verrons ^uiaura 
belle — e. we shall see which will 
succeed. Ami, (Jam.) friend. 
AUons, mes — s, come, rfly friends. 
TuDieu! V — / odsblood, friend. 
Ami, (com.) correspondent. Ami, 
(gdmirig.) partner. M'amie, my 
dear, my duck. Mie, abrigi 
d'amie^ (fam.) also Tna bonne, 
nurse. In old French often used 
for Maitresse. 

Ami, e, aflj. friendly, (poet.) smi- 
ling, kind, propitious; friendly, 

courteous. Des couieurs — es, 

colours that are well assorted. 
AMIABIjE, S-mi-abl, adj. amia- 
ble, kind, friendly, courteous, 

amicable ; courteous man. — com- 
positeur, one that makes up a 

ditference amicably. 

A l'amiaole, adv. amicably, 

friendly, neighbourly, in an ami- 
cable manner. Fen(e d V — , a 
sale by private contract 

AMIABLEMENT, a-ml-abl- 
man, adv. amicably, in a friendly 

*AMIANTE, a-ml-ant, s. m. 
amianthus,asbestos, plume-alum, 

DE, adj. (n. h.) resembling ami- 

AMICAL, E, a-ml-kal, adj. ami- 
cable, friendly, kind. 
[Amical; said of things only, has 

no masculine plural.] 

AMICALEMENT, . a-mt-kil- 
man, adv. amicably, kindly, in a 
friendly manner. 
[Amicakment mostly after the 


AMICT, a-mi, a. m. an amice, 

*AMIDIN, s. m. (chim.) the exte- 
rior tegument of each grain of 

♦AMiblNE, AMIDONITE, s. /. 
(chim.) amidine. 

AMIDON, a-mi-don, s. m. starch. 

AMIDONNERIE, a-mi-d5n-ri, 
s.f. starch manufactory. 

AMIDONNIER, a-ml-d5-nla, s. 
m. starch-maker. 

(chim.) of the nature of starch. 

AMIE, s. f. mistress. 

AMIENS, s.m. (France,) Amiens. 

AMIESTES, s.f. pi. kind of India 
cotton goods. 

AMIGDALE, s. f. V. Amvgdale. 

TER, a-mi-gn6-ta, v. a. y. 3, to 
fondle, to tiddle, to coax children. 

AMINCIR, a-min-sir, v. a. v. 4, 
to make thinner,small,or smaller, 
to lessen. 

s'Amincir, v. t. v. 4, to become 

AMmCISSEMENT, i-min-sis- 
man, s. m. thinning, thinness. 

AMINEUR. s. m. saltmeter. 

AMIRAL, a-ml-ral, s. m. an ad- 
miral. Grand, — , high admiral. 
CoTtlTB — , rear-admiral. IJ — , 
the admiral's ship, flag-ship, 
guard-ship. *Amiiiai., (a shell,) 

AMIRALE, s. /. the admiral's 
wife. Amirale, the admiral's 

AMIRANTE, s. m. high admiral 
of Spain, 

AMIRAUTE;, a-mi-ro-td, «./. ad- 
miralship, admiralty, navy-office. 

AMIRlfe JOANNET, s.m. a kind 
of pear. 

BLE, adj. (theol.) amLisibility ; 
amissiblc. La grace est — ,grace 
may be lost. (Obsolete). 

AMITIE, a-mi-tia, »./ friend- 
ship, amity ; aifection good-will ; 
favour, kindness. L' — passe le 
,ffan(, excuse my glove. Amitie, 
K>ndness. Asiitie, delight, fancy. 
L'Amitie des coideurs, the sym- 
pathy, agreement, suitableness or 
agreeableness of colours. Ami- 
ties, caresses, kind words and 
behaviour, compliments. Faiies- 
lui mes — , remember me kindly 
to him. 
AMMAN, s.m. (Swiss magistrate,) 

AMMANE, s.f. (bol.) a genus of 

■►AMMAFrENODYTES, adj. et 

s. (orn.) a family of birds. 

AMMEISTRE, s. m. municipal 

officer of Slrasburg. 

*AMMl,a-ml, s.m. ammi,bishop's- 

*AMMINEES, adj. et s.f. pi. (bot.) 
a tribe of umbelldferoB,. 

♦ammites ou ammonites, 

s.f. pi. (petrifactions) ammites ot 

ammonites, a family of cephalp 

AMMOBATE, ». m. serpent of 

Guinea. , 

AMMOBATES, s. m. pi. (ml.) a 

genus of hymenoptera. 
*AMMOCHOSIE, js. /. (med.) a 

sand bath. 
*AMMOCHRYSE, s.f. (min.) am 

mochrysos, mica. 
*AMMODYTE, s. m. (serpent of 
Africa,) ammodifes, a sand-eel. 

(chim.) a peculiar salifiable base. 
*AMMOIJQUE, adj. salts whose 

base is ammoline. 
*AMMON, s. m. cornu Amraonis, 

ammonita, snake-stane. V. Am 


*AMM0NACEES, wlj. et 
(mol.) a family of cephalophora. 
*AMMOMEES, adj. et s. f. pi. 

(mol.) a family of cephalopoda, 
*AMM0NEEN, adj. (geol.) con 

taining ammonites. 
AMMONEENNES, adj. f. pi. 

secret letters of the Egyptian 

ak, adj. (used only with the 
woi'ds sdjgoTnme and gaz,) am- 
moniac. Sel — , sal ammoniac. 
Gomme-^que, gum ammoniac. 
Gaz — , ammoniac gas, volatile 
alkali in a gaseous state. 

*AMMONIACAL, a-m5-ni-a- 
kal, AMMONIACE, adj. (chim.) 
ammoniac or ammoniacal. 

adj. (chim.) salt containing am- 
monia and magnesia. 

■►AMMONIAQUE, a-m6-ni-ak,s. 
f. (c/tijn.) ammonia or (anglicised) 
amraony; hartshorn (spirits of.) 

*AMMONIATE, s. m. (chim.) am- 

CAIX:iQUE, &c. adj. (chim.) 
double salts, one of which is an 
ammonic salt. 

*AMMONIQUE, (sel.) adj. (chim \ 
salt containing ammonia, , 







antique : 


6bb, 0V&, j^une 

m^ute, bSurre 


♦AMMONIUM, s. m. (,eMm.) the 
metallic base of ammonia. 

•AMMONITE, a-m6-nit, s. J. 
ammonite, aerpeht-stone (a fossil 
shell, curved mtb a spiral, like a 
ram's horn). 

AMMONITES, V. Ammites. 

*AMMONIURE, s.f. (fhim.) am- 

'moniuret. ■ 

•*AMMONOiDES, s. (,mol.) 
a tribe of cephalopoda. 

•AMMOPHILE, adj. (bat.) grow- 
ing in sandy places. 

*AMMOTHEE, s.f. (.aracji.) ,a. 
genus of arachnides. 

*AMMY, s.m. Ethiopian cummin. 

*AMMYRSINE, s. /. genttS of 
American plants. 

(med.) remedy to dilate the blood- 

*AMNESIE, s. f. (med.) loss of 

' memory. 

*AMNESTOTHALE, adj. (hot.) 
having the sexes in diflFerent 

AMNIOMANCIE, s. /. divina- 
tion by the amnios. 

*AMNIOTATE, V. Aklantoate. ' 
(acide)- adj. ifihim.) amniotic, 

*AMNIOS, am-ni-6s, s. m. {ana.) 

AMNIQUE, adj. (■/ned.) relating 

. to the amnios; 

AMNISTIE, am-nis-tl, s.f. am- 
nesty, general pardon, act of 

AMNISTIfi, E, part. v. 3, some- 
times substantively. Les,ammS' 
iiis, those included in the am- 

AMNISTIER, am-nls-tia, v. a. 
v. 3, to include one in an amnesty. 

*AMOEBES, adj. el s. m. pi. {zoo.) 
a tribe of polygastrica. 

AMODIATEtrR, 5.-m5-di5..t6ur, 
s. m. a tenant of land,' a lessee, a 
former. (Used onljf in some pro- 

AMODIATION, 5.-m5-dia-slon, 
s.f. leasing, letting out to farm, 

AMODIER, k-mb-Aii, v. a. v. 3, 
to let or farm out an estate; to 
rent an estate, to farm an estate ; 
to ablocate. 

AMOGABARE, s. /. a kind of 
Spanish militia. 

AMOINDRIR, a-mvviK-drlr, v. a. 
V. 4, to lessen, to make less. 

Amoindrir, j). 71. V. 4, to lessen, to 
grow less, to decrease. 

s'AittoiNDKiR, V. r. V. 4, to lessen, 
to grow less, to decay. 

dr!s-mah, s. in. lessening, de- 
crease, abating^ diminution.' 

AMOISE, V. MoisE. 

*AMOLAGO, s. m. a kind of pep- 

ALUMELLES, s. /. pi. {mar.) 
bar-holes. ' 

AMOLLIR, a-m5-llr, v. a.' v. 4, 
to mollify; to soften, to mellow. 

Amollir, tO' enervate, to effemi- 

nate,to emasculate, to sensualize, 
to womanize, to unman, 
s' Amollir, v. r. v. 4, to soften, to 
melt, to grow tender, to grow 
soft ; to grow eflfeminate or weak, 
to be enfeebled, to abate. 
AMOLLISSEMENT, 3.-m5-lis- 
man, sm. softening; {jig.) ener- 
■ valing, abatement. 
*AMOME, a-m6m, s.m. amomum, 
amomi seed.-^n grappe, amo- 
mum racemosum. 
*AMOMEES; a£^'.e« s.f. pi. {hot.) 
a family of plants. 
*AM0MI,'i-m5-mi, s. m. artiomi,; 
JamaicS-pepper, pimento. 
AftJONCELfi; E, part. d'Amon- 
celer, v. 73, heaped up, piled vp, 
laid in a li'eaj). 

AMONCELER, a-mons-la, v. a. 
• v. 73, to hedg up, toTay in a heap, 
s'Amoncele^, v. 73i to heap up,; 
to gather, to pile up, to thicken. 
s^l-man, s^m. heaping up, or re- 
sult of heaping uj). 
AMONT, a-mon,(thisi3theoppo-; 
site of aval; used only with de,)' 
up the river, above. Verad' — I 
(said on the coasts,)easterly wind.' 
AMOQUE, s. m. kind of Indian' 
fanatics. . ■ ■ ', 

AMORCE, a-ra6rs, s. f. bait. 
AiMORCE, priming, tinder, train. 
Amorce, allurement, attraction, 
enticement, allective,allectation, 
lure, decoy, charm. 
AMORCER, a-m6r-sa, «.a. v. V8, 
to bait for; to bait, to prime, 
Amorcer, to allurei to entice, to 
decoy, to inveigle, to draw in. 
Amorcer, {arts,) to humour, to 
AMORgOIR, s. m. a wimble, or 
kind of auger made use of to 
begin a hole. 
*AMORPHE, adj. {med.) amor- 
phous, misshapen. , ' 
*AMORPHIE, s.f. {med:) deforini- 

ty, malformation. 
*AMORPHOPHYTE, s. m. {iot.) 
having anomalous flowers. 
*AMORPHOSE, r. Anamor- 


*AMORPHOZOAIRES, adj. et s. 
m. pi. {n. h.) a type of the animal 

AMOROSO, adv. {mm.) amoroso. 
AMORTIR, a-m6r-tlr, v. a. v. 4, 
to deaden, allay, moderate. 
Amortir, to deaden, to weaken ; 
to break (a fall). Amortir Vair 
dun vaisseau {jnar.) to stop 'a 
ship's way. Amohtir des Tierbes, 
to take away the sharpness or 
bitterness of herbs. Amortir 
des couleurs, to deaden or fade 
colours.— fe trait, to smooth the 
' stroke. Amortir une tare, une 
rente, une redeva-nce, to amortize 
(land), to redeem (land or stock ;) 
to buy up a rent-charge, to ex- 
tinguish, to pay pffi^MTi. Jief, to 
grant an estate in mortmaiii. 
Amortjk les passions, Jes feitx, 
lesardeursde lajeune'sse, to allay, 
to cool, to deaden the passions, to 
cool the ardour of youth. — la dou- 
leur, to stifle grief. 

s'Amortik, v.r. v. 4, to be quench- 

adj. {jilr.) redeemable. 
AMORTISSEMENT, a-m6r-tis. 
m^n, i. m. ijur.) the redeeming, 
buying up or extinguishing of a 
rent, exUnetion. FoTids d' — , the 
sinking fund. Amortissement, 
amortisement,amorii2ation, mort- 
main or a licence of mortmain. 
Amortisseme.nt, deadening, ' 
weakening, abating. , Amortis- 
sement {arch.) the finishing or 
uppermost part of a building, top. 
*AMOUILLANT, adj. {viflg.) a 
cow about calving, 
*AMOUILLE, .•!. /. {vulg.) the 
first milk of a cow after calving 
AMOUR, a-mflor, s.v^. love.— pro 
pre, self-love. Languir, bruler, 
mourir, d" — , to be lovesick, 
Fder le parfait — ,, to love long 
respectfully, and timidly. Jeu 
d' — , love-tale. Donner de V — , 
'"to philter. CAat;^ cti^, salacious. 
— poiir'Dieu (and not de Dieu). 
love of God, etc. Bar— pour la 
vertu oa pair V — de la vertii, 
through his love of virtue. Pour 
V — de Died, for God's sake. Get 
ouyrdge {d'art) est fait avec — , 
this work was executed with a 
fond enthusiasm. Jjz terre est en 
— , the land is ripe for vegeta- 
tion. Amour (in -female animals) 
Amours, pi. f. one's love, flame, 
inclination, intrigue, amour. 
Amours, delight, Les tableaux 
sont ses — , pictures are his de- 
light, • 

Amour, s, m. Cupid, Love, God 
of lovei. Amours, s. Loves. 
AMOURACHE, E, part, de 
s'Amov.r'acher, v. 3, enamoured 
(of or with), fallen in love (with) 
■ CHER, a-m6o-Ta-sha, v. a. et r. 
V. 3, to fall in love, to be smit- 
ten, {fam.) 
AMOURETTE, a-mflo-rSt, s. / 
an amour, intrigue, love, love- 
affair. Amourettes de veau, 
{cui.) marrow, dainty bits. 
BLANTES, s. /. pi. brisa, tre- 
Tnttlai, spelt-wheat. Saint Peter's 
com,' quaking-grass, 
rluz-man, adv. amourously, lov- 
ingly, tenderly, softly, 
[Amoureusement after the verb ] 
AMOUREU-X, SE, a-m6o-reu, 
reuz, adj. in love, enamoured, 

amorous, loving. Breuva.'re , 

philter. Lettre — se, a love-letter, 
11 est — oil V — des onze mille vier- 

Ses, he is a general lover. Sii 
rap—, soft cloth, Pinceaux—, a 
soft, delicate, and mellow pencil. 
Amoxireux, s 77!. a lover, a wooer, 
a sweetheart, a spark. Vn--~ 
transi, a whining, languisliingo? 
dangling lover. 
[Amoureux may precede its 
noun : amoureux transports ; 
though we never ^ay, amomeut 
homme. See ^djectif.] 


field, fig, vin: rdbe, r6b, \ird, m6od, hAod, v6s, mon: bftse, bit, bran. 

AMOVIBILITE, s. /. revocable- 
ness, unceitain tenure. 

AMOVIBLE, a-m6-vibl, adj. re- 
movable, revocable. 
[AmOvible follows the noun.] 

♦AMPA, s. m. Madagascar fig. 

*AMPAC, s. m. E. India tree. 

AMPAN, EMPAN, s. m. a mea- 
sure of length. 

♦AMPELIDES, adj. el s. m. pi. 
{hot.) a family of plants. 

♦AMPELITE, s. /.• ampelites, 
pharmacitis, cannel-coal, vine- 

*AMPELOGRAPHIE, ^.f.{hot.) 
a treatise on the vine. 

*AMPHANTHE, s. m. (6o(.) a 
dilated receptacle inclosing the 

♦AMPHIARTHROSE, s.f.(pna.) 

*AMPHIBIE, an-fl-bl, adj. et 
subsl. amphibious, 
[Amvhwie follows the noun.] 

adj. et s. m. pi. (n. A.) amphibious 
animals, the amphibia. 

*AMPHIBIOLITHE, s.m. apetri- 
iaction of an amphibious annual, 

*AMPHIBIOLOGIE, s. f. (n. A.) 
treatise on the amphibia. 

*AMPHIB10L0GUE,s. m. a her- 

(ima.) retina, amphiblestroides. 

*AMPH1B0LES, adj. et s. f. pi- 
(pot.) a section of hydrophyta. 

'AMPHIBOLES, adj. et s. /. pi. 
AMPHIBOLINS, adj. el s. 
(om.) a fiimily of passeres. 

BOLIQUE, adj. {geol.) rocks con- 
taining amphibole. 

'AMPHIBOLOSTYLE, adj.(bot.) 
plants whose style is scarcely ap- 

AMPHIBOLOGIE, an-fl-b5-15- 
2I, ». f. amphibology, double 

phibological, ambiguous. 
[Amphibologique generally fol- 
lows the noun.] 

an-fi-b6-16-aik-man, adv. am- 
phibologically, ambiguously. 
[Amplubologiquemen.t always fol- 
lows the verb.] 

(ona.) jparts round the glands of 
the gums. 

AMPHIBRAQUE, an-fi.brak,,». 
m. (.pr,etry,) amphibrach. 

»AMPHICARPE, adj. lfiol.)[ hav- 
ing fruit of two kinds. 

AMPHICEPALE, s. m. a bed 
with two opposite bolsters. 

AMPHICHONE, s. m. (fintiq.) a 
kind of cloak for women. 

*AMPHICOME, s. m. (ent.) genus 
of insects. . . 


. — , a town having the right flf 
sending a deputy to the Amphic- 
tyonic council. 

AMPmCTYONIE, ». /.. right 
which the principal cities of 
<ireece possessed of" sending a 

deputy to the Amphictyonic 


AMPHICTYONS,. an-fifc-sion, 
s. m. pt' Amphictyons. 

*AMPH1CURTE, adj. {botany) 

*AMPHIDE, adj. {chim.) a class 
of salts. 

*AMPHIDfiON, s. 7h. {ana.) orifice 
of the uterus. 

*AMPHIDESMITES, arfj. et s. 
m. pi. {mol.) a family of conchi- 

{ana.) articulation of the lower 
jaw, etc. 

AMPHIDROMIE, s. /. {ant.) a 
Greek festival. 

*AMPHIGASTRE, s. m. (bot.) 
stipule 'of certain jungermanniiB. 

*AMPHIGASTRIE, adj. {boi.) 
jungermanniffi with stipules. 

*AMPmGENE, adj. {elfim.) sim- 
ple bodies which produce acids 
and bases. 

*AMPHIGfeNIQUE,.aA". {min.) 
containing crystals' of amphi- 

AMPfflGOURI, an-fl-gdo-ti, s. 
m. a ludicrous poem or speech, 
the chief merit of which con- 
sists ill puns or quibbles ; a rig- 
marole, ari unintelligible rhap- 
sody.' .•,,;; 

AMPHIGOURIQUE, sin-fl-g6o- 
rik, adj. ludicrous, perplexed, 

: nonsensical, rhapsodical. 

[Amphigourique follows the 


nonseilsically, rhapsodically. 
[Amphigouriquement follows the 

verb.] . ',' 

*AMPffiHEXAEDRE, a(Zj.()iiin.) 
a peculiar crystal. 

*AMPHIPNEUSTES, oA". el s. m. 
pi. {rep.) a tribe of reptilia. 

:*AMPHIPODES, adj. el s. m. pi. 
{crust.) an order of Crustacea. 

*AMPHIPODIFORME,o<i;. {ent.) 
t. applied to certain larva. 

AMPHIMACRE, an-fi-makr, s. 
m. {poetry,) amphimacer. 

MIM6TIQUE, adj. varieties of 
crystallized carbonate of lime. 

*AMPPnM|;RiNE, amph£m- 

ERINE, adj. {med.) quotidian. 

♦AMPfflNOM^ES, odj, c( 
(n A.)afamily of chetojfbda, also 
of annelides. 

AMPHIPOLE, s. m. (magistrate 
of Syracuse) amphipole. 

AMPHIPROSTYLE, s. m. {arch.) 

*AMPHISARQUE, s.m. (bot) an 
indehiscent, etc., fruit. 

AMPHISBENE, s. m. (serpent 
with two heads) amphisbcena. 

BfiNOIDES, s. m. pi. a fa- 
mily of ophidian' reptilia. 

AMPIDSCIENS, an-fls-sl-in, s. 
m. pi. {geog.) (people of the tor- 
rid zone, whose shadows fall 

sometimes north- and sometimes 
south) amphiscii. 

•AMPHISILE. s. m. {ich,) a sub- 

' genusof fishes. . 

*AMPHISMELE, s f. {Mr.) (a 
dissecting-knife) amphismila. 

♦AMPHIBTOME, adj. {n. A.) sur- 
rounding' the mouth. Also, s.m. 
'a genusof intestinal worms. Also, 
adjyets. f. pi. (6o(.) an order of 
musci. ' ' i : : 

AMPHITHEATRE, an-fl^al-itr 
s. m. ah amphitheatre. Aotpiii- 
theAtke, amphitheatre, the first 
gallery. {Ana.) amphitheatre, dis- 

*AMPHITKITfiES, adj., et. s. f. 
pi. (n. A.) families of annelides, 


TROPIE, s. /. (601;.) applied to 

the embryo. 
AMPHITRYOiV, s. rn. {myth.) 

Amphitryon. {Fam.) host, master 

of the feast. 

*amphiumid6s, AMPHIU- 

MQIDES, adj. el s. {rep.) a 
family of reptilia, 
AMPIIORE, an-f6r, s.f. amphora, 
a jar with two handles ; a liquid 
measuTe, the Roman abputseven,. 
the Attic aboiit ten gallons ; also, 
term of bot. 
AMPHOTIDE, s. /. {antiq.) a 
kind of helmet. 

AMPLE, aihpl, a^. ample, of 
' great compass, large, vast, spa- 
: cious, roonw, wide, broad, full, 
copious,' diffuse. 
[Airtple generally precedes -its 
noun "when used alone : ample r&< 
pas! Follows its noun when ac- 
companied by a particle, etc: 
, Manteau trh-ample. 
TILE, adj. {bot.) embracing. 
AMPLEMENT, anpl-man, adv. 
amply, fully, largely, at large, 
plenlifully, copiously, broadly, 
voluminously, extensively, dif- 

[Amptement between the auxil- 
;liary and th^ verb: il s'est expli- 
' qui ampleTneni or s^est amplemcTit 

AmPLEUR, an-pl^ur, s. /. (ap- 
plied only to clothes and furni- 
ture) amplitude, largeness, wide- 

*AMPLEXICAUDfi, adj. {n. A.) 
having the tail enveloped. 

IFOLIE,a<Z;.(ioi.) stem-clasping. 

*AMPLEXiFLORE, adj. {hat.) 

AMPLIATI-F, VE, an-pli-a-tlf, 
I tlv, adj. (applied only to briefs 
and bulls) ampliating. 
[Ampliatif, after the noun.] 

*AMPLIATIFLORE, adj. {hot.) 
having enlarged flowers. 

AMPLIATIOff, an-pll-a-sion, s. 
f. the duplicate (of an acquit- 
tance or any other writing), ie^ 
Ires d' — (chancery), ampliating 

*AMPLl6, adj. (CTi«.) AMPI4IFI6, 
adj. {hoi.) en&rged 





AMPLIER, V. a. v. 3, (Jur.) to 
prolong, to put off, to defer, — un 
criminelf to defer passing sen- 
tence on a criminal. — un prison- 
nier, to respite. 

AMPUFICATEUR, an-pll-fi- 
ka-t£ur, s. m, (always in a bad 
sense) amplifier, romancer. 
slon, s.f. amplification, theme. 
AMPLIFIER, an-pll. fU, «. a. v. 
3, to amplify, to enlarge, to en- 
rich, to enlarge upon, to romance. 
AMPLISSIME, adj. most ample. 
{Fam. little used) very worship- 
AMPLITUDE, iLn-pli-tCid, s.f. 
(geom. and ast.) amplitude. 
*AMPOULAOU, s. m. olive tree. 
AMPOULE, 5,n-p6ol, s.f. blister. 
io sainte ampoule (the phial of 
oil used at the coronation of the 
kings of France), ampulla. 
Ampoudb, e, adj. tumid, high- 
flown, swelling, bombastic, flatu- 
lent, turgid. 

'Anwoule, after the noun.] 
AMPOULETTE,an-p6o-l«t, s.f. 
(mar.) a half-minute glass. 
*AMPULEX, s.m. (ent.) genus of 
LAIRE, adj. (bot.) swelled. 
♦AMPULLAIRE, s. f. (mol.) a 
genus of shells. 

*AMPUTATION, an-p6-ta-sIon, 
s. f. (chir.) amputation, cutting 
off, abscission. 

'AMPUTE, E, part. v. 3, ampu- 
tated. Un amputi (sub.), one who 
has had a limb amputated. 
♦AMPUTER, ^n-pa-td,D.a. V. 3, 
(chir.) to amputate. 
AMPYX, s. m. (antiq.) a fillet for 
the hair. 
AMULETTE, a-ml-lSt, s. m. am- 
ulet, preservalive, spell, charm, 
periapte, talisman. 
AMUNER, V. a. v. 3, (mar.) to tie 
the cordage of a ship. 
AMUNITIONNER, v. a. v. 3, to 
furnish a fortress with munitions 
of war. 

*AMURCA, s. m. (an astringeiit) 

AMURER, a-mft-ra, v. a. et n, v. 
3, (mar.) to haul or bring aboard 
the tack of a sail, as the main or 

AMURES, s. /. (mar.) tack of a 
sail. — i tribord, to lead on the 
starboard tack. 

AMURGUES, s. /. settlings of 
olive oil. 

AMUSABLE, adj. capable of be- 
ing amused. 

AMUSANT, E, a-mfi-zan, zant, 
adj. amusing, diverting, enter- 
taming, amusive. 
[Amusant, after the lioun.l 
AMUSEMENT, a-miz-man, s. 
m. amusement, pastime, enter- 
tainment, sport, diversion. Amu- 
sement, a sham, a trick, trifling, 
a mere put off (Ce sens vieillii. 
Acad.) Amusement, fooling, 
AMUSER, St-mfi-zS, ». a. V. 3, to 
amuse, to divert, to entertain, to 

bir. bat, bdse, antique: th^re, &bb, ov^r, jdune, m^ute, biurre, li6n: 

recreate, to solace, to beguile 
Amuser, to stop, to detain, to 
amuse. Amuser, to. put one off 
with fair words and promises, to 
fool, to deceive, to trifle with. 
— fe tajiis, to talk to no purpose. 
s'Ami;ser, v. r. v. 3, to omuse one's 
self, to busy one's self, to bestow 
one's time about a thing for pas- 
time, to disport, to sport. S'—de 
quetqu'un, to make game of one. 
s'Amdser, to tarry, to stay, to 
loiter, to trifle, to stand trifling, 
10 dally one's time away. S' — 
d raisonner, to stand arguing the 
case. S'—A la mxmtarde, to stand 
on trifles. 

AMUSETTE, a,-mft-z«t, «. /. 
amusement, trifle, toy. (faml) 
Amusette tiigeoise. a small fleld- 
piece. , 
AMUSEUR, a-mii-z«ur, s. m. 
amuser, trifler, deceiver. (Little 
/. trifle, toy. (Very little used.) 
*AMYDES, adj. et s. f. pi. (rep.) a 
family of reptilia. 
*AMYfiLIE, .»./. (mM.) deficien- 
cy of the spinal marrow. 
*AMYGDALAIRE, adj. (geol.) 
amygdaloid (rocks). 
*AMYGDALfiES, adj. et s. fpl. 
(bot.) a tribe of rosaceee. 
DALIN, adj. (min.) AMYGDA- 
LOIDE, (bot.) resembling or bear- 
ing almonds. 
*AMYGDALINE, s. /. (chim.) 
*AMYGDALITE, s. f. (raed.) in- 
flammation of the tonsil. 
*AMYGDALE, 4-mIg-dal, s. / 
tonsil, amygdale, little glands on 
each side of the throat. 
AMYGDAUTE, «. / (min.) 
LITES, s.f. (min.) Amygdaloides 

AMYLACE, E, i-ml-li-sJ, adj. 
amylaceous, resembling or apper- 
taining to starch. 

*AMYL1DES, s. (chim.) ter- 
nary organic compounds having 
starch for their type. 
•AMYLONINE, s.f (chim.) a sub- 
stance derived from starch. 
•AMYNTIQUE, adj. m. (med.) 
a strengthening plaster. 
*.4M YRID^ES, adj. et (bot.) 
a tribe of terebinthaceffl. 
•AMYRINE, s. f (chim.) a sub- 
resin from the amyris clemifera. 
*AMYXIE, s.f (med.) deficiency 
of mucus. 

AN, an, s. m. a year, a twelve- 
month. Le jour de I' — , new 
year's day. ie bout de I' — , an 
oflice of the Romish church for 
the dead. Bon jour et ion — , I 
wish you a good doy and a happy 
new-year. — bissextil, leap-year. 
An premier, etc. referring to the 
republican era of France, com- 
mencing Sept 22, 1792. 
[An presents an abstract, an ag- 
gregate of the year; ann& offers 

a succession of days, weeks, 
months, or a series of events, of 
efiects : I'an passi on craigvaii la 
guerre; war was apprehended; 
when, at what periqq ' last year. 
Vannie passie, on a fait marcher 
saus cesse des troupes de province 
en province I here we have a suc- 
cession of evolutions, of move- 
ments throughout the whole year. 
We say : la prcmihe annde, la se- 
conde annde, meaning a succession 
of years as regards the effects pro- 
duced within that series or suc- 
cession of years, and Van quinxi- 
erne, Van ltiU5, Van 1835, as epochs 
or eras of time. We also say: cette 
annie,and not cet an, because the 
year is not yet elapsed. For the 
same reason we say Vannie, and 
not Van commence bien ; Vannie, 
and Dot Van jinitbieji. Le premier 
jourde Van is an expression sanc- 
tioned by use, and the proof is 
that we cannot say le dernier jour 
de Van, but de Vannie. Jl a quinze 
ans presents the aggregate of his 
age : il est dans sa quinzitme an- 
nie presents a series of years of 
which he has reached the fif- 
teenth. For this reason we say : 
souhailer la bonne annie, to wish 
a good new year. Ban jour, bon 
an, must be considered as a popu- 
lar locution. An presenting an 
aggregate, or a point of time, con 
never be accompanied by an epi- 
thet ; thus we never say bon an, 
mauvais an, bel an, but une bonne, 
une mauvaise, une beUe annie, une 
annie pluvieuse, etc.] 
ANA, an-S,, s, m. (collection of 
witticisms.) Le Minagiana, Me- 
nagiana. Ana, ana. Faiseurs d' 
— , writers of anas. *Ana (nud.) 
ana, aa or a. 

[Remark. Ana in French never 
takes the sign of the plural.] 
*ANABANTOiDES, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (ich.) a family of fishes. 
ANABAPTJSME, i-na-bi-tism, 
s. m. anabaptism. 
ANABAPTISTE. fi-na-bi-tlst, 
s. m. etf. an anabaptist, a baptist. 
■►ANABASfiES, adj. et s. f pL 
(bot.) a tribe of chenopodeffi. 
ANABASIENS, s. m. pi. (antiq.) 
mounted couriers. 
ANABASSE, s. /. kind of stufls 
made at Rouen, etc. 
*ANAB6NES, s. m. pi. Iren ) a 
family of Sauri. ^ ^ -f' 


BfeNOSAURIENS, adj. et s. m. 

pi. (rep.) a family of Sauri. 
"•ANABICE, ». m. (hoi.) that part 

of the cryptogamia above the 

*ANABLASTEME, s. m. (bot.) 

particular organs of the lichens. 
•ANABLASTjfeSE, «./. (bot.) the 

process of forming the anublas- 


*ANABOLE, s. f (med.) evacua- 
tion upwards, vomitin?. 

*ANA15R0CHISME, s.m. (chir:t 
seizmg by a noose the inverted 








r5b, 16rd, m6od, h6od, 




bftt, bruK. 

*ANABROSE, »./ (med.) corro- 
sion, erosion, 

ANACALyPTERIE, «./. (antiq.) 
a Greek festival. 

*ANACAMPTIQUE,adj. (.phyf.) 
reflecting sound or light. 

*ANACAMPYLE, s. m. {hot.) re- 
curved scales in certain crypto- 

DO, s. m. (a serpent) boiguacu. 

*ANACARDE, s. m. anacardium, 

»ANACARDIEES, adj, et «./. pi. 
Ifiot.) a tribe of terebinthacete. 

'ANACARDIER, s. m. anacardi- 
um, the cashew-tiee. 

CATHARTIQUE, adj. (.med.) 
evacuation by vomiting or ex- 

CHREMPTIQUE, adj. {med.) 

ANACHORETE, a-na.-k6-rf t, «. 
m. an anachoret or anchorite, 

ANACHRONISME, a-na-krd- 
nism, s. m. anachronism. 

♦ANACLASTIQUE, adj. (phys.) 
point — , point where a lumi- 
nous ray is refracted. 

ANACLfeTIQUE, adj. t. of an- 
cient music. 

'ANACOCK, s. m. (a bean) ana- 

(med.) an adhesive remedy. 

•ANA-COLUPPA, s. /. (a plant) 

ANACOLUTHE, ». /. (gram.) 

{med.) gargling, clearing of the 

f. kind of woollen stuff 

on-tik, adj. anacreontic. 

•ANACyCLE, s. J. {hot.) genus 
of corymbifene. 

ANACyCLIQUE, adj. (poet.)sa- 
acyclic (verse). 

•ANAD^NIE, a. /. {hot.) genus 

•ANADOSE, I. f. {med.) chylifi- 

•ANADROME, adj. (ich.) fish 
p which ascend rivers ; sub. {med.) 
determination, metastasis to the 

ANADYOMENE, adj. (epithet 
of Venus) anadyomena. 

*ANAtME, adj. et s. m. (re. h.) a 
bloodless animal. 

•ANiEMIE. V. Anemie. 

SIE. F. -Anesth^sie. 


ANAGLYPHE, s. m. sculpture in 

•ANAGLYPTIQUE, adj. (n. h.) 
covered' with regular elevations. 

ANAGNOSTE, «. m. {antiq.) (a 
slave reader) anagnoste. 

ANAGOGIQUE, a-n5,-g6-?ik, 
adj. anagogical, mysterious, mys- 

AN AGRAMMATISER, v. a. v. 3, 

to anagrammatize. 
*ANAGRAPHE, s. m. {med.) a 

formula, prescription. 



ANAGRAMME, a-n4-gram, »./. 

an anagram. 

*ANAGYRIS, a-na-zi-rls, ok 
BOIS PUANT, «. m. {bat.) ana- 
gyris, bean-trefoil. 

*AN AL, adj. {anat, and n. h.) anal. 

*ANALCIME, s, m. analcime. 

ANALECTES, a-na-14kt, s. m. 

pi. select fragments, select pieces, 

ANAL]i:ME, s. m. {ast.) ana- 

*ANALEPSIE, s.f. (merf.) reco- 

*ANALEPTIQUE, adj. et s. m. 
{med.) analeptic, restorative. 

*ANALGESIE, ». /. {med.) ab- 
sence of pain. 

ANALDGIE, a-na-15-al, j. m. 
analogy, relation, agreement, 
conformity, {math.) analogy. 

ANALOGlQUE, a-na^i-zlk, 
adj. analogous, analogical, coin- 
[Analogique follows the noun.] 

sik-man, adv. analogically. 
[Analogiquement generally after 

the verb!] 

ANALOGISME, a-na-16-2ism, 8. 
m. analogism. 

ANALOGUE, a-na-16g, adj. et 
subst. analogous. 
[Analegue, after the noun.] 

*ANALOSE, s.f. {med.) consump- 

ANALYSE, a-ni-llz, s.f. analjr- 
sis. Analyse, {chim.) analysis. 
^— grammaticaU, grammatical 
analysis. — logique, logical ana- 
lysis. Analyse, outline, sketch. 
En derniere analyse, after all 
is said and done, the upshot is. 

ANALYSER, i-ni-ll-zi, v. a. v. 
3, to analyze. — U7ie plante/ to 
dissect a plant. 

ANALYSTE, a-na-list, ». m. 
an analyzer, analyst. 

ANALYTIQUE, a-na-li-tik,a<£?. 
[Analylique follows the noun.] 

tik-man, adv. analytically, by 
way of analysis. 
[AiuUytijuenienf follows the 


*ANA-MALLU, ». m. (shrub of 
Brazil,) ana-mallu. 

*ANAMNESIE, s. f. {med.) re- 
turn of memory. 

♦ANAMNESTIQUE, adj. (med.) 
that which strengthens the me- 

♦ANAMORPHIQUE, adj. (min.) 
a peculiar crystal. 

ANAMORPHOSE, s. f. (perep.) 

*ANANAS, a-na-ni,s,m.anana, 

*ANANCHITE, s. m.{zoo.) genus 
of echini, 


DRIQUE, adj. {hot.) a flower 
without stamens, 

•ANANDRE, adj. {bet.) a female 
flower ; adj. and s. m. {med.) im 
potent, an eunuch. 

*ANANDRIE, s.f. {med.) impo- 

*ANANTHE, adj. {bot.) without 

AJMAPESTE, a-na-p^st, .. m. 
{poet.) anapest. 

ANAPESTKiUE, adj. anapestic. 

ANAPHONESE, s.f. exercise of 
the voice. 

ANAPHORE, s. f. anaphora 
(when several clauses of a sen- 
tence begin with the same word). 

*ANAPHRODISIE, s.f. {med.) 
absence of sexual passion. 

{med.) remedy for extinction of 
the sexual passion. 

*ANAPL4R0SE. s.f. {med.) re- 
pletion, restitution. 

*ANAPHRODITE, adj. {med.) 
anaphroditical, impotent. 

•ANAPLEROTIQUE, adj. {med.) 

ANARCHIE, a-nar-shl, s. f. 
anarchy, disordered state. 

ANARCHIQUE, a-nar-shik, adj. 
anarchical, disordered, without 
rule or government. 
[Anarchique, after the noun.] 

ANARCHISTE, a-nar-shist, ». 
m. etf. anarchist. 

*ANARM0ST1QUE, adj. {min.) 
a peculiar crystal. 

s.f. {med.) congestion of blood to 
the head. 

*ANARRHIQUE, s m. {ich.) ge- 
nus of apodes. 

*ANASCOT mi FLAMBfe, s. m. 
kind of stuflfmade at Amiens. 

*ANASTATIC]e£S. adj. et s.f. 
pi. (bot.) a tribe of cruciferBB. 

*ANASTOME, s. m. {orn.) genus 
of herodii. 

TOMOSTIQUE, adj. {med. and 
bot ) anastomosing. 

*ANASARQUE, s. /. {Tned.) ana- 
sarca, dropsy. 

•ANASTOMOSE, s.f. {anat. and 
bot.) anastomosis. 

♦s'ANASTOMOSER, v. r. v. 3, 
to form an anastomosis, to com- 
municate at the extremities. 

ANASTROPHE, a-nas-trdf, s.f 
(gram.) anastrophe or anastrophy. 

*ANASTROPHIE, s. /. (med.) 

*ANATASE, s. m. blue schorl. 

*ANATE ou ATTOLE, s. f. E. 
Indian dye resembling indigo. 

m&-ti-za, v.a. v. 3, to anathema- 
tize, to excommimicate, to con- 
demn. , 

ANATHEME, a-ni-tim, s. m. 
anathema, reprobation. 

Anathbme, adj. m. el f. anatho 
matized, excommunicated, {fg.) 
accursed, abhorred. 

♦ANATIDfiS, adj. et s. m. pi 
(orn.) a family of palmipeda 





bir, b&t, base, antique: th^re. ^bb, ov^r, j^une, mfeute^bfeurre, li^n; 

m. (jnol.) anatifera concha. 

FERIDES, adj. ani s. m. pi. 
{cnml.) a family of cirripedes. 

*ANATIFES, s. m. pi. (firusl.) a 
family of cirropodes. 

*ANATIN, adj. (n. A.) resembling 
the duck. 

*ANATIPEDE, adj. (n. A.) re- 
sembling the foot 01 a duck. 

ANATOCISME, a-nJ-ti-sIsm, s. 
m. anatocism, compound inte- 

*ANATOMIE, a-na-t5-ml, s. f. 
dissection. (J^.)' dissection, criti- 
cal eralliination. ^ Vnt leUe — , a 
fine skeleton. 

•ANATOMIQUE, a-na-ti-mik, 
adj. anatomical. 
[Anaiomique, after the noun.] 


V. a. V. 3, to anatomize, to dis- 
sect, to examine thoroughly. 

*ANATOMrSTE, a-na-t5-mist, 
s. m. an anatomist. 

*ANATR£SIE, !. /. (chir.) tre- 
panning the skull. 

/. imed.) friction. 

*ANATRIPS0L0GIE. s./. (,med.) 
the doctrine of friction. 

*ANATRIPT[QUE, adj. (med.) 

ANATRON, a-na-tron. V. Na- 

*ANATROPE, adj.(fiot.) reversed. 

'ANAUDIE, s. /; (med.) loss of 

ANCE or ENCE, a substantive 
termination, expressing exist- 
ence, duration, persev6rance,etc. 

ANCETRES, an-s4tr, s. w.. pi. 
ancestors, forefathers, predeces- 

AJS'CETTES, s.f. pi. (mar.) bow- 

ANCHE, ansh, s. /. reed. — d'or- 
gue, the reed-stop of an organ. 
Anche, mill-scuttle. 

ANCHfi, adj. (Jil.) crooked. 

ANCHER, V. a. y. 3, {mus.) to put 
a reed to a musical instrument. 

'ANCHIFLURE, s.f. worm hole 
in a cask stave. 

'ANCHILOPS, an-kW6ps, s. m. 
■the goat's eye, anchilops, an ab- 
scess in the inner angle of the 
eye, an incipient fistula lachry- 
mal is. 

ANCHOIS, an-shwi, s. m. an- 

»ANCH0NI6eS, adj. el s. /. pi. 
(fio(.) a tribe of cruciferte. 

♦ANCHONTES, adj. el s. m. pi. 
(orn.) a fam. of predaceous birds. 

^QUE, adj. red colouring prin- 
ciple of the anchusa tinctoria. 
ANCIEN, NE, ansi^n, siSn, 
adj. ancient, old, of old times, of 
ancient standing, antique, pris- 
tine, former. Ancien, late, old, 
former. L'ancien eveque d' — , 
the late bishop of. 
I Ancien and vieux are not sy- 

nonyraous. Aneien refers to the 
&ge, vieux to age^ Ancien is o])- 
posed to mnderne, and vieux to 
jeune. By une maison ancienne 
we understand the family, by u-ne 
vieille maison^ the house.] 
Ancien, suhsL senior, ancient. 
— d'une igUse, elder, presbyter. 
J.^s~^nfis, the seniors m a nun- 

[Ancien may precede its noun : 
wie loi ancienne, un£ ancienne loi.] 
man, adv^ anciently, once, here- 
tofore, formerly, of'^ yore, of old, 
in former times, in old times. 
[Anciennement put before or af- 
ter the verb : anciennement onfai- 
sait cela ; cela sefaimil, s'estfail 
anciennemenC] ' 

ANCIENNETE, an-siSn-ta, s./. 
ancientness, ancientry, primi- 
tiveness, seniority, priority of 
ANCIERRE, s, /. rope for drag- 
ging boats. 

ANCILE, s. m. ancile, sacred 
buckler ; pi. ancilia. 
ROIDE, adj. (ana.) the coracoid 
*ANCIPIT6, adj. (n. h.) two- 
♦ANCISTROPODES, adj. et s.m. 
pi. (orn.) a sub-order of birds. 
ANCOBER, s. m.(riverof Guinea,) 

*ANC0LIE, »./. aquilegia, co- 

ANCONE, s.f. (Italy,) Ancona. 
ANC0N£, s. /. (ana.), a muscle, 

ANCRAGE, an-kraz, s. m. an- 
chorage. V. MOUILLAGE. 
ANCrffi, ankr, s. f. an anchor. 
L' — de jlot, the flood anchor. 
L' — de jusant, the ebb anchor. 
L'—de ierre, the shore anchor. 
L'^^u large, the sea anchor, 
that which lies towards the off 
ing. MaUresse — , ou — d^espi- 
rancCj the sheet anchor. — de re- 
change, spare anchor. La se- 
conde — , the best bower anchor. 
L' — d'affourche, the small bower 
anchor. L' — de iouie, the stream 
anchor. Mouille ! let go the an- 
chor. The parts of the anchor 
are: les bras, the arms; le bee, 
the bill ; le collet, ou la croisde, 
the crown ; I'ceillet, the eye ; les 
oreilles, the flukes; les tenons, 
the nuts ; Vurganeaw, the ring ; 
la verge ou lige, the shank or 
beam ; fe jas, Vessieu, the stock. 
IJ — ne veut pas mordre, the an- 
chor will not hold. Chasser sur 
les — s, to drag the anchors. Le 
vaisseau ckasse sur son — , the 
anchor comes home — dont le 
c&ble a fait un tour, foul anchor. 
V — est a la veille, the anchor is 
a-cock-bill. Z,'* — est a pic, the 
anchor is a-peek. V — a laissi, 
the anchCr is a-trip. L' — a di- 
ropi, the anchor is a-weigh. 
Empenneler une — , to back an 
anchor.^ Caponner V — , to cat 
the anchor. Traverser V — , to 

fish the anchor. Gonverner suf 
son—, to steer the ship to her 
anchor. Jitred I' — (sur une seule 
ancre,) to ride at anchor, Jeter 
V — , ou mouiller, to come to an- 
chor. Brider V — , to shoe the 
anchor SaisirV — centre lebord, 
to secure the anchor. Enjaler 
une — , ou la garnir de son jas, to 
stock the anchor. Ancre, (orcA.) 
a brace, an S. Ancre, a refuge. 
Une demiere — , a last shift. 

ANCRENfiE, s. /. (t. of forge,) 

ANCRER, an-kra, v. n. v. 3, lo 
anchor, to cast anchor, to come 
to anchor, to let go the anchor. 

s'Anorer, v.r.\. 3, to settle one's 
self, to get footing in a place. 

ANCRURE, s.f. crease. 

*ANCYLfiS, adj. et s. (mol.) 
a fainily of gasteropoda. 


*ANCYLOMELE. V. Ankylo- 




*ANCYLOSE. F. Ankylose. 
»ANCYLOTOME. V. Ankylo- 


*ANDA, 8. m. {tree of Brazil,) 

ANDABATE, <,. m. (gladiator,) 


' m. (mar.) rings, hanks, grommets. 

ANDAIN, s. m. the width of 
grass wl\ich a mower can cut at 
one stroke, a swath. 

ANDALOUSIE, Andalusia. 

ANDANTE et ANDAN'HNO, s.(mu5.)andante,andantino. 

APJDE or ENDE, a substantive 
termination, expressing some- 
thing that must be done, is do- 
ing, or has been done, for a par- 
ticular purpose. 

ANDELLE, s.f. beech-wood. 

ANDES, s. m. pi. Andes, Cordil- 

*ANblCOLE, adj. (n. A.) inhabit- 
ing the Andes. 

*ANDIRA ou ANGfiUN, s. m. 
(tree of Brazil,) andira, angelyn. 

*ANDIRA-GUACHU, s. f. (a bat,) 

ANDOUILLE, an-dfloZ, s.f. chit- 
terlings. Tout s'en est aUi en 
brouet d' — s, it is all come to no- 
thing. — s de tabac, pig tail to- 

ANDO'UILLER, an-dflo-Za, s. m. 
■ antler. Les premiers ou ma^ires 

— s, the brow-anlJeri). Sur — s, 

the sur-antlers. 

s. f. forced meat, a pellet of 

forced meat. 

*andralogomi5:lie, s. / 

(ana.) monster with human body 
and limbs of a brute. 

*andranatomie, ANDRA- 

TOMIE, s.f. andranatomy, an- 

(aniiq.) one who took charge of 

young slaves. 



field, fig, vin:. r6be, r6b, Wrd, mflod, h6od, v6s, mon: bAse, bit, brun. 

ANDRE, (St.), s. m. St. Andrews. 
•ANDRfcE, s. /. {hot.) genfls of 

•ANDRENE, s.f. {ent.) genus of 

*ANDRENETES, ». m. pi. (en(.) 

a family of insecta. 

{ent.) a sub-tribe of apiariie. 
•ANDRIEOIDES, adj. et s. 

(fiot.) a family of musci. 
*ANDR£0LITHE, r. Harmo- 


*ANDREUSIE, &/. (fiot.) a genus 
of plants. 

*ANDRIAGE, s. f. a fabulous 

ANDRIES, s.f.pU (flfUiq.) pub- 
lic repasts (Greek.) 

■^ANDROCfiE,. s. m. {hot.) the 
collection of stamens in a flower, 

ANDROCYNIENS, «. m. pi. an- 
cient sectaries. 

*ANDRODYNAME, adj. (bot.) 
having large stamens. 

ANDRIENNE, s, /. woman's 
robe, wit\ a train and cuffs. 

ANDRINOPLE, s.m. Adrianople. 

ANDRO, s. m. Andros. 

*ANDROGYNE, an-dr6.2in, s. 
m. androgynous, hermapHi^dite. 

*ANDiibGYNE, adj. (bot.) andro- 
gynal, androgynous. 

f. (n. A.) liermaphroditism. 

*ANDROGYNETTES, »./. (hoi.) 
genus of plants. 

»ANDROGYNIFLORE, adj.(bot.) 
having androgynous flowers. 

ANDROiDE, s. m. androides, au- 

ANDROLEPSIE, s./. (fHOiq) re- 

*ANDROMANIE, s. /. (maJ.) 

AND ROME DE, s.f. (ast.) An- 

*ANDROMEDE, s.f. Ijnol.) genus 
of shells, Ifiol.) genus of plants. 

'ANDRONIE, s.f. (cUm.) a che- 
mical element oi the atmosphere. 

*ANDROPftTALAlRE, adj.(fiat.) 
a double flower in which the 
stamens are changed into petals, 

*ANDROPHAGE, adj. et s. m. a 

*ANDROPHOBIE, s, /, (mei) 
dread of the human race. 

*ANDROPHORE, s. m. (bot.) sup- 
port sustaining more than one 

*ANDROPOGONEES, adj. et s. 

f pi. (bot.) a tribe of gramineffi, 

♦ANDROSACE, s.f. (bot.) andro- 

*ANDROSEME, adj.(bot.) blood- 

*ANDROTOMES, adj. et s.f. pi. 
(bot.) a name proposed for the 

*ANDRUM, ». m. (med.) a swell- 
in" of the scrotum. 

AUfiE, in, s. m. an ass, jackass 

le m&te, jenny or she-ass la fe- 

^ melle. Fait en dos d'' — , sharp- 

ridge£ Coq-a-V — nonsense. 

Conies de Peau d' — tales of a 
tub, stories of a cock and bull. 
Boire en — ^not to drink all up. 
Mediant comme un — 7'(»^c, , an 
arch lad. VUu comme un — , stu- 
pid as an ass, Ane, a block- 
head, an ignorant tool, an ass, 
sot, idiot, Ane, vice of a toy- 
man, (bookbinding,) shaving-tuo, 


Chaboi'. s, m. (ich,) railler's- 
thumb, cottus. 

*Ane hay^ oii ZsBiiE, s.m. (mam.) 

*Ane sauvage ou Onagrk, «. m. 
onager, wild ass.. ,, 

ANEANTIR, a-na-an-tlr, v. a. 
V. 4; to annihilate, to put out of 
existence, tn destro)', to bring, 
or ^ reduce to nothmg, 

s'AnSantiII, v. t. v. 4, to be an- 
nihilated or destroyed, to come 
to nothing. S' — to humble one's 
self, to cease to be. 

ANfiANTlisSEMENT, i-ni- 
an-tls-man, «. m, annihilation, 
annihilating, abjection, humilia- 
tion, prostration,- depression, de- 
struction, destroying, ruin, over- 

■"ANEBE, adj. (med.) under age. 

ANECDOTE, a-nSk-dot, s. f. an 
anecdote, private memoir, piece 
of private history ; (adjectively,) 
histoire — , anecdotical histbry. 

ANECDOTIQUE, adj. anecdo- 
\Anecdoti(pi.e follows the noun.] 

ANEE, s.f. an ass-load, as much 
as an ass can carry. 

ANEGYRAPHE, adj. midaille 
ane^yraphe, medal without in- 

*ANELECTRIQUE, adj. (phys.) 
incapable of electric excitement, 

*ANfiLOPTERES, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (ent.) a class bf insects. 

*ANl^LYTRESi adj. et s. 
(ent.) a class of insects, 

ANfiMIE.s./. (mea,). deficiency 
of blood, 

ANfiMOBATE, s.m. (aniij.) rope- 

AN£M0C0RDE, s. m. a sera- 
phine (musical instrument), 

ANEMOGftAPfflE, «, /, ane- 

A N E M O M E T RE, ANilMO- 
MjfiTROGRAPHE, s. m. ane- 

ANEMOMOMfeTRIE, s.f. ane- 

*ANfiMONE, i-nd.m6n, s. f. 
an anemone, the wind-flower. 

*ANfiMONINE, s. /, (chim.) the 
active principle of the anemone. 

*AN6M0NIQUE, adj. (chim.) an 
acid found in the anemone, 

ANEMOSCOPE, s. m. a vane. 

*ANENC6PHALE, adj. et s. m. 
(anat.) a ftelus withodt bhiln. 

*ANENCfiPHALIE, s.f. (anat.) 
absence of the brain. 

■^ANENTERES, s, m. pi. (zoo.) a 
section of polygastrica, 

ANfePIGRAPHE, adj. without 
title or inscription, 

*AN£PITHYMIE, »,/, (med.) ab- 
sence of physical appetites, 

•ANfiRESTHISIE, s. f. (med.) 
absence of irritability, 

ANERIE, Sin-rl, s,/, gross igno- 
rance of things one ought to 
know ; stupidity, 

*ANERPONTES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(om.)i a family of paaseres. 

*ANERV£, adj. (ent.) with nerve- 
less wings, 

*ANESIE, s. f. (med.) remission 
of symptoms, 

♦ANESIPOMES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(ick.) a. tribe of the siluroides, 

ANESSE, il-nJs, s.f. a she-ass. 

*ANET, a-na, ANETH, s. m. 
(bot.) anethum, dill. 

*ANETIQUE, adj. (med.) anelic. 

RISMATIQUE, adj. (med.) be- 
longing to aneurism, aneurismal. 

*ANEVRISME, s.m. (med.) aneu- 

ANFRACTUEU-X, SE, adj. an- 
fractuose, anfractuous, full of 
turnings and windings. 

ANFRiACTUOSITE, s. /. (used 
in" pi.) a:nfractuousness, anfrac- 
tiire, crookedness, irregular turn- 
ings and windings, a mazy wind- 

ANGAR. F. Hangar. 

ANGARIER, v. a. to vex, (old.) 

ANGE, inz, s. m. an angel. Eau 
d' — , a sort of sweet water, 
orange water. B voit des — s 
violets, (old,) he lias airy, fantas- 
tical notibns. Rireaux — s, tobe 
in a laughing fit, to laugh alone 
and sillily. £tre aux — s, to be 
in a transport of joy. AngE, an- 
gel-shot, chain-shot, chain-bul- 
let. Ange, angel-fish, monk-fish, 
squatina, maid, skate. 

*ANGEIAL, ANGfilEUX, adj. 
(ana.) vascular. 

(ana.) description of the lym- 
phatic vessels. 

dissection of tlie lymphatics, 

♦ANGEIOLOGiSTE, s. m. (ana.) 

*ANG6iOLOGIQUE, adj. angio 

*ANGfilOPATHI£, ,, /, (med.l 
vascular disease, 

(med.) angiopathic, 

■►ANGfilOPLfiROSE, s.f. (med.) 
vascular congestion, 

(med.) suffering from vascular 

' congestion, 

♦ANGEIORRHAGIE, s.f. (med) 

' active hemorrhage, 

suffering from hemorrhage. 




bir, bit, base, 



4bb, ov^r, j^une 




•ANGEIORRHEE, «. /. {med.) 

passive hemorrhage. ' 

♦ANGfeLICfeES, adj. et s. f. pi. 
(hot.) a tribe of umbelliferEe. 
PHRAXIE, s. /. (jned.) obstruc- 
tion of vessels. 

ANGIECTASIE, a./, {med.) di- 
latation of vessels. 
ANGELIN, s. JB. V. Andika. 
ANGELIQUE, an-za-lik, adj. 
ahgelic, angelical, heaven-born, 
cherubic, divine ; extraordinary, 
excellent. Faire une chere — , to 
live luxuriously. 
[Angilique mostly follows its 

'ANGEuacE, s. /. angelica, ling- 
wort, longwort. 

'AngSlkiije ^pineux, s.m. aralia, 
berry-bearing angelica. Ange- 
LiQUE, a sort of lute. 
ANGfiLIQUEMENT, an-ia-lilc- 
man, adv. in an angelic manner, 
like an angel, angelically. 
ANGELOT, s. m. (a coin,) ange- 
lot, angel. A small, fat, rich sort 
of cheese, from Normandy, 
shaped like a heart ; angelot. 
ANGELUS, an-za-lus, s. m. (a 
prayer among the Romanists be- 
ginning with this word) Angelus. 
NIN, s. m. Ifil.) ingen(ination. 
*ANGINE, ,an-2in, s.f. (med.) an- 
gina, quinsy. 
*ANGINEU-X, SE, adj. (med.) 
angmous, attended with angina. 
*ANGIO-ASTHENIE, s.f. (med.) 

atony of the vessels. 
*ANGIOCARPES, adj. et s. 
(bot.) a class of fungi. 
*ANGIOGASTRES, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (boL) a tribe of fungi. 
ANGIOGRAPHIE, an-sl-i-gra- 
f i, s.f. angiography. 
*ANGIOLEUCITE, ». /. (med.) 
lymphatic inflammation. 
*ANGIOLOGIE, s. f. (ana.) an- 
s.f. (med.) inflammatory fever. 
*ANGIOSPERME, an-zi6-spSrm 
adj. des 2 genres, (bot.) angio- 

*ANGIOSPERMIE, au^sIfi-spSr- 
mi, s.f. (bot.) angiosperm or an- 
*ANGIOSPORE, adj. (bot.) sporo- 

carps of the lichens. 
*ANGIOSTOME, adj. (mol.) nar- 
*ANGIOSTOMES, adj. el s. m. pi 
(mol.) a fam. of paracephalbphbra. 
*ANGI0T6NIQUE, adj. (metL) 

ANGIOTOMIE, s.f. angiotomy. 
•ANGITE, s. f. (med.) inflamma- 
tion of vessels. 

ANGLAIS, E, an-gl4, gl&z, adj. 
et a. English. 

ANGLAISE, an-gUz, s.f. a horn- 
pipe ; sort of lace made use of by 
upholsterers ; thread-lace. 
ANGLAISER, v. a. v. 3, to dock 
a horse's tail. 

ANGLE, angl, s. m. angle, cor- 
ner. A — droit, rectangular. 

ANGLESEY, s. m. Anglesey. 
ANGLET, s. m. (arch.) inden- 
ture, channel. 
ANGLETERRE, angl-tir, s.f. 

Angleterre, (NouveUe-,) s. f. 
New-Eilgland. ' 

ANGLEU-X, SE, an-gl§u, gleuz, 
adj. thick-shelled (nut.) 
ANGLICAN, E, an-gli-kan,kin, 
adj.' English, of English. (Sub.) 
les — s, the members of the 
church of England. 
[Avfflican, alter the noun.] 
ANGLICISME, an-gli-sism, s.m. 
ANGLOIR, s. m. kind of carpen- 
ters' square. 
ANGLOMANE,an-gl6-raan, adj. 
mad after the English and their 

ANGLOMANIE, an-gI6-ma-ni, 
s.f. anglomania. 
ANGOISSE, an-gwas, s. f. an- 
guish, pang; great distress, afflic- 
tion, tribulation. Foire d' — , a 
chokepear; a gag. 
ANGOLA. V. Angora. 
ANGOLA, s. m. (Africa,) Angola. 
*ANGOLAM, s. m. tree of Mala- 
bar,) angolam. 
ANGON, an-gon, s. m. angon, a 
javelin resembling a flower-de- 

ANGORA, adjl m. el f. angora. 

Vn bel angora, a fine Angora cat. 

ANGOUMOIS, 5. m. Angoumois. 



ANGUICHURE, s.f the leathern 
belt to which the huntsman 
hangs his horn. 
'►ANGUICIDE, adj. (n. h.) serpent- 
*ANGUICID]6S, adj. el s. m. pi. 
(rejo.) an order of reptilia. 

"ANGUIFORME, adj. (ich.) ser- 

''ANGUIFORMES, adj. el s. m. 
pi. (rep.) a family of reptilia ; also, 
(erU.) of myriapoda. 

ANGUILLADE, i.n-gUkd, <,. f 
lash or lashing, (fam.) 

ANGUILLE, a.n-gll, s.f. an eel. 
Anguilles ou Coittes, (mar.) 
ways (on which a ship is launch- 
ed.) — d'un canon, ways (on which 
a gun slides.) 

Anghille-torpille, s. /. torpe- 
do, cramp-fish, numb-fish. An- 
guille de sable, ammodytes, 
sand-eel, grig. 

ANGUILLERES, s.f. pi. (mar.) 
limbers. Canal des — , limbers, 
limber-holes. Bordage des — , 
limber-boards. Cordage des — , 


*ANGUILLIFORMES, adj. et s. 
m. pi. (veil.) a family of fishes; 
also (ann^ of elminthogama. 

■"ANGUILLOiDES, adj. et s. m. 

pi. (ich.) a family of fis'hes. 

■►ANGUIN, adj. resembling a ser- 

*ANGUINOiDES, adj. et s. m. 

pi. (rep.) a family of reptilia. 

*ANGUIVIPERES, s.f. pi. (ry>.) 
a tribe of reptilia. 
ANGULAIRE, an-gil-14r, adj. 
angular, cornered. Pierre — , the 
[AnguLaire, after the noun.] 
ANGULJEU-X, SE, an-g&-l^u, 
l^uz, a<^'..angiilous, hooked. 
[Anguleux, after the noun.] 
*ANGULIFERE. adj. (conch ) an- 
»ANGULINERVE, adj. (hot.} 

term applied to certain leaves. 

■^ANGULIROSTRES, adj. et a 

■m. pi. (orn.) a tribe of pa^eres. 

ANGUS, s. m. (Scotlandj) Angus 

ANGUSTICLAVE, s. m. (Roman 

tunic,) angusticlavia. 
*ANGUSTICOLLE, adj. (n. h.) 
having a narrow neck or corslet, 
*ANGUSTIDENTfi, adj. (n. h.) 

ANGUSTlfi, E, adj. narrow, 
(old.) : 

'^ANGUSTIFOLIE, adj. (bot.) nar- 
*ANGUSTIMANE, adj. (crust.) 
*ANGUSTIPENNES, adj. et s. 
m. pi. (ent.) a family of coleoptera. 
"►ANGUSTIREMES, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (crust.) a family of Crustacea. 
*ANGUSTIROSTRE, adj. (orn.) 

*ANGUSTISEPTfi, adj. (bot.) 
having a narrow septum. 
*ANGUSTISILIQUfi, adj. (hot) 
having narrow pods. 
*ANGUSTURE, s. /. (pharm.) 
Angustura bark. 
(med.) loss of the sense of touch. 
*ANHELATION, s f. (med.) an- 
helation ; asthma. 
ANHELER, v. n. v. 77, (glass- 
making,) to keep up the fire. 
'^ANHELEUX, adj. panting. 
*ANHIMA, s. m. (bird of Brazil,) 

"^ANHINGA, s.f. (bird of Brazil,) 
*ANHOMO]VIERES, adj. el s. m. 
pi. (zoo.) an order of chetopoda. 
*ANHYDRE, adj. (clam.) con- 
taining no water, anhydrous. 
*ANIC£T0N, s. m. (med.) kind of 
ANICROCHE, a-nl-kr6sh, s. f. 
demur, difficulty, rub, stop, un- 
foreseen obstacle. 
ANI-ER, ere, a-nia,ni4r, s. m. 
el f. ass-driver. Un rude — , a 
school pedant who is a flogger. 
ANIL, s. m. (indigo,) anil. 
ANILLE, s. m. (hi.) iron cross for 
a mill-stone, rynd ; (hot.) tendril 
'*ANILLfi, E, adj. (bol.) having 

v4r-slon, s.f. animadversion, re- 
proof, reprimand. 
ANIMA-L, UX, a-ni-mal, m6, 
s. m. an animal ; a living crea- 
ture, a beast, a dumb creature, a 
brute. Animal, an ass, brute, 
beast, booby, sot, dolt. 
Animal, e, adj. animal, sensible 







rfihe, T6b, 16rd, mfiod, h5od, 






Animal, Scripture language,) 

natural, sensual, carnal. 
lAnimal follows the lioun.] 
•ANIMALCULE, a-ni.maHftl, 

s. m. animalcule; ^pl.) animal- 


MALCULOVISME, s. m. {med.) 


CULOVISTE, s. m. (med.) mi- 


*ANIMAUFERE, adj. (n. 7i,) ani- 
ANIMALISATION, s. /. ani- 

ANIMALISE, E, v. 3, part, ani- 

S'ANIMALISER, «. r. v. 3, to 

*ANIMALISME, s. m. (med.) a 

peculiar system of physiology. 
*ANIMALISTE, s. ?n. (jned.) a 

partisan of animalism. 

ANIMALITE, a-ni-ma-li-ta, s. 

f. animalitv. 

*ANIMATEUR, oA". animating. 

ANIMA.TION, a.-ni-ma-sloB,«./. 

ANIME, E, a-ni-mS, part. d'Ani- 

mer, V. 3, animated, incensed, 
enlivened, spirited, gay, spright- 
ly ; *(,med.) flushed. 
[Animd governs a and de : ani- 

mi mi camagCf amtni de zele, etc.] 

*ANIM6, s. m. (a resin,) anime. 
Gomme — e, gum anime. 

ANIMELLES,s./.pZ. (cai.) Ani- 
Tnilles d^agneau, lamb's stones, 

ANIMER, a-nl-ma, v. a. v. 3, to 
animate, to give life, to quicken. 
Animer, to mcite, to hearten, to 
stir up, to excite, to actuate, to 
quicken, to urge on, to spur, to 
embolden, to stimulate, to steel, 
to rouse. Animer, to provoke, 
to exasperate, to incense, to fire ; 
(fam.) to set off. 

s'Animer, v. r. v. 3, to become ani- 
mated, to be encouraged, to take 
courage, to cheer up ; to chafe, 
to take fire, to be angry. 

*ANIMINE, s. m. or /. (cMm.) a 
peculiar salifiable base. 

*ANIMIQUE, adj. Ifihim.) salts 
whose base is animine. 

*ANIMISME, s.f. (med.) a pecu- 
liar system of physiology. 

*ANIMISTE, s. m. (.med.) a parti- 
san of animism. 

ANIMOSITE, a-nl-m&-zi-t5, s./. 
animosity, ill-will, spite, rancour, 

*ANINGA-IBA, s. m. (tree of 
Brazil,) aninga-iba. 

*A]\1S, a-nl, s.mj anise, — aigre, 
cumin. Anis, aniseed. Anis de 
Verdun, candied aniseed. Anis 
DE LA Chine ou etoilS, om Se- 
MENCE DE Badiane, anisum 
ChinsB, zingi, badiane, or Indian 

ANISER, a-nl-zd, v. a. v. 3, to 
strew over with aniseed, to mix 
with aniseed. 

ANISETTE, s./. (liquor) aniseed, 

*ANISODACT¥LES, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (om.) tribe of sylvicolias. 
*ANISOTOME, adj. (bot.) having 
Unequal divisions. 
ANJOU, s. m. (France,) Anjou. 
*ANKYLOGLOSSE, s. m. l,med.) 

sis, ancyle. 

(med.) union of separated parts. 
ANNAL, E, an-nal, adj. (jwr.) 
of a year, that lasts but one year. 
[Amtal, after the noun.] 
ANNALES,'an-nal,.s. /. pi. an- 
nals, annual chronicles. 
ANNALISTE, an^na-list, s. m. 
an annalist, writer of annals. 
ANNATE, an-nat, s.f. annats, 
first fruits of a living. 
ANNEAU, X, an-nu, s. m. a ring ; 
a curled lock of hair, a ringlet. 
L'—d'une clef, the bow of a key. 
— de herger, ou au soleil, ring- 
dial. Anneau, (mar.) a mooring- 
ring. — de corde, a slipping-noose, 
running bowline knot. — x d'dcou- 
titles, rmg-boUs, hatch-ring; des 
sahords, port-rings; des voiles 
dilai, iron cringles or hanks of a 
stay-sail; de cordes, grommets; 
de hois, hank. Anneau, frame. 
ANNEE, an-na, s.f. a year, a 
twelvemonth. Les belles — s, the 
prime of life. 

ANNELE, E, an-la, adj. ring- 
streaked, having rings. 
ANNELER, (an-U) les cheveux, 
V. a. V. 73, to curl in locks or 
ringlets. Anneler une cavale, 
to ring' a mare. 

ANNELET, s. m. ringlet, a small 
ring. Annelet, (ardi.) annulet. 
Annelet, (61) annulet. 
Annel^, part. d'Aniieler, v. 73, 
curled in ringlets. 
*ANN6LIDES, s.'f. pi. name 
given to an invertebral and an- 
nulated class of animals ; anne- 

ANNELURE, an-16r, s. f. the 
ringlets or locks, (little used.) 
ANNEXE, an-n4ks, s. f. an an- 
nex, additament, appendant. An- 
nexe, a chapel of ease. 
ANNEXER, a-nSk-sa, v. a. v. 3, 
to annex, to add to. 
ANNEXION, , St-nSk-siore, s. /. 
(jur.) annexion, annexment, an- 

ANNIHILATION, in-ni-hl-la- 
sion, .■!./. annihilation. 
ANNIHILER, an-ni-hi-la, v. a. 
V. 3, to annihilate, to reduce to 
nothing, to destroy ; to annul. 
ANNIVERSAIRE, 4-ni-vSr-s6r, 
adj. des 2 genres, et s. m. anni- 
lAnmversavre follows the noun.] 
ANNOBON, s.m. Annobon. 
ANNOMINATION, s.f. annomi- 
nation, a pun upon names. 
ANNONCE, a-no7!s, s. /. an- 
nouncement, publication, notifi- 
■ cation ; advertisement ; banns of 
matrimony ; the giving out of a 

ANNONCER, i.-ntm-ai, v. a. v. 
78, to announce, to bring, to tell. 

to declare, to inform, to pro6laiixi 

to usher in, to send in or to carry 

in one's name; to publish, to 

give out, to predicate, to preach, 

to set forth ; to foretell, to fore- 

bqde, to prognosticate ; to augur, 

to show, to promise, to usher in. 
s'Annonoer, v. r. v. 78, to appear 

under favourable or unfavour- 
able auspices, to present one's 

self well or ill. S' — Wen, to be 

promising, to be of good promise. 

ANNONCEUR, a-non-s6ur, «. m. 

actor who gives out the play. 

ANNONCIADE, a-non-siad, s 

f. (order of kiiighthood ; also, of 
niins,) Annunciada. 

ANNONCIATION, a-noJ!-sia. 
sion, s.f. the Annunciation. 

ANNOTATEUR, a-n5-ta-t6ur, 
s. m. annotator. 

ANNOTATION, Lrib-tk-sm, s. 

f, annotation, note, remark, ob- 
servation. Annotation, (jur.) 
a list or inventory of goods at- 
tached or distrained. 

ANNOTER, an-n5-ta, y. a. v. 3, 
(jur.) to make a list or inventory 
of goods attached or disti»ined. 
ANNOTiR, to annotate, to make 
notes on. 

ANN0AIRE, an-nii-4r, s. m. an 

ANNUEL, LE, an-ni-Sl, adj. 
annual, yearly. Pension— le, an 
anrmity for life. L' — d'un Men, 
sub. rental. 
[Annuel, after the noun.] 

ANNUELLEMENT, an-nft-*l- 
man, adv. annually, every year, 
yearly, from year to yeai*. 

ANNUITY, an-nii-i-ta, s.f. an 

ANNULAIRE, an-nii-lJr, adj. 
annular, annulary. Le doigl—, 
the ring finger. 
[Annulaire follows the noun.] 

ANNULA'f ION, s. /. annulling, 

ANNULER,'an-n&-H, v. a. v. 3, 
to annul, to disannul, to make 
void, to revoke, to repeal, to 
abrogate, to cancel, to abolish, 
to rescind, to set aside. 

ANOBLI, E,;jnri. sulsLd'AnoUiT . 
V, 4, made noble, fnnobled. 

ANOBLIR, a-n6-bllr, v. a. v. 4, to 
make noble, to ennoble. 

ANOBLISSEMENT, a-n5-blis- 
man, s. m. the making noble or 
ennobling, ennoblement. 

*ANODIN, E, i-nb-din, din, adj 
et s. (med.) anodyne, paregoric; 

*ANOLIS ou ANOULI, s. m. 
(lizard of the Antilles,) anole. 

■^ANOMAL, E, a-n6-mal, adj. 
(gram., med., bot.) anomalous, ir- 

*ANOMALIE, a,-n6-ma-ll, s. / 
(gram, et ast.) anomaly, anomal- 
ism, irregularity. 

ANOMALISTIQUE, adj. (asl.) 
Annie anoTnalistlque, anomalisti- 
cal or periodical year. 

*ANOMIE, s. /. (mol) concha 

*ANOMITES, s./. pi. fossil ano- 










^bb, oy^r 





Anon, a-non, s.m, an ass's foal, 
a young ass. 
ANONNEMENT,s.m. the foaling 
.of an ass. 

ANONNER, il-n6-na, ». n. v. 3, 

to foal a young ass. Anonner, 

to falter, to stutter, to stammer. 

ANONYME, a-nO-nim, adj. et s. 

anonymous, nameless. 

[Anonyme follows the noun.] 

*AN0PETALE, adj. (bot.) with 

erect petals. 

*AN0PISTHES. adj. et s. m. pi. 
(,zoo.) name given to two families 
of the class polygastrica. 

♦ANOPLURES, adj. et $. m. pi. 
(ent.) an order of insects. 

*AN0PLURIF0RME, adj. (,ent.) 
certain larva of coleoptera. 

*AN0PSIE, s.f. (me.) loss of sight. 

»AN0RCHIDE, adj. {armt.) with- 
out testes. 

ANORDIE, s.f. {mar.) a northerly 

AN0RDIR.i).n.v.4, (mor.5 to tend 
to the north. 

*AN0REXIE, s./. tjned.) loathing 
of food, inappetency, anorexy. 

"ANORGANOGENIE, s. f. trea- 
tise on the origin of inorganic 

*AN0RGAN0GN0SIE, s.f. the 
science of inorganic bodies, mi- 

description of inorganic bodies. 

*AN0RGAN0L0GIE, «. /. trea- 
tise on inorganic bodies. 

IQUE. adj. inorganic. 

*ANORGISME, s. m. (n. !i.) the 
entire system of inorganic bodies 
and substances. 

*ANORMAL, adj. irregular. 

*ANORMALIE,s./. irregularity. 

*ANORRHYNQDES, a(§. et s. m. 
pi. (annel.) a family of the class 


/. (Tried.) loss of smell. 

*ANOSTEOPHORES, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (mol.) an order of the class 

*ANOST6oZOAIRES, adj. et s. 
m. pi. (n. h.) ^ type of the animal 
kingdom, anasteozoaria. 

*AN0ST0ME, adj. (ich.) having 
the mouth elevated. 

*AN0URES, adj. et s. (rep.) 
a family of reptilia. 

*ANRAMATIQUE, s.f. (plant of 
Madagascar,) bandura. 

ANSE, ans, s.f. the handle (of a 
pot, basket, etc.) Voiite en — de 
panier, a flaUarched vault. L' — 
du panier, a maid-servant's mar- 
ketmgs, markeNpenny. Faire k 
pot a deux — s, to set one's arms 
a-kimbo, to strut Anse, a creek, 
a little bay,cove, bight, — de sable, 
a sandy beach. 

ANSEATIQUE,an-sa-a-tlk, adj. 
hanse, hanseatic. 

♦ANSfiRIDES, adj. el ». m. pi 
(orn.) a family of birds. 

•ANSfeKINE, s.f. (60.) goose-foot, 

♦ANSfiRINE, adj. (ana. and med.) 

ANSETTE, an-s6t, «. /. little 
handle. — s (mar.) cringles, (t. of 
goldsmith) the handle of a cup, 
or goblet. 

ANSPACH, s. m. (Ger.) Anspach. 

ANSPECT,s. m. (mar.) handspike, 

ANSPESSADE, ans-pS-sad, s.m. 
lancepesade, anspessade. 

ANT Ott. ENT, terminaiwn ver- 
hah et adjective, marque ce qui est 
actuel, ce qui sefait, ce qui arrive, 
Ufait ou ses circanstances ; Vital 

*ANTA mi TAPIR, s. m. (zool) 
anta, tapir. 

*ANTACEESi«.m. (ich.) antacaei. 

*ANTACIDE, adj. et s. m. (med.) 

»ANTAGONISME, ». m. (anat.) 

ANTAGONISTE, an-ta-g6-nist, 
s. m. antagonist, adversary, oppo- 
nent, competitor, rival. 

ANTALE, an-t41, s. m (mol.) an- 
talium, dentalium', tubulus mari- 
nus, tooth-shell. 

*ANTALGIQUE, adj. (med.) an- 
talgic, anodyne. 

*ANTAMBA, s.m. (a leopard) an- 

ANTAN, s. m. last year, (old). 

ANTANACLASE, s.f. (rhet.) an- 

ANTANAIRE, adj. (a hawk) that 
has not moulted. 

s. m. (med.) antaphroditic. 

ANTARCTIQUE, an-tatk-tik, 
adj. antarctic, southern. 

ANTARfeS, s. m. Antares. 

*ANTATROPHIQUE> ad/, et s. 
m.(me.) remedies against atrophy. 

sd-da-man, adv. antecedently, 
previously, before. 

ANTECEDENT, an-ta-sd-dan, 
s. m. antecedent, precedent. 

Antecedent, adj. antecedent, 
preceding, foregoing, going be- 
[Anticedent follows the noun.] 

ANTECESSEUR, s. m. anteces- 
sor, professor of civil law in some 

ANTECHRIST, ant-kri, s. m. 
antichrist, adversary to Chris- 

ANTECIENS, ou plutot ANTI- 
SCIENS, an-tjl-si-m, s. m. (geo.) 


*ANT£FURCA, s./.(en<.)a term 
used in the anatomy of insects. 

*ANTEMETIQUE, „. m. et adj. 
(med.) anti-emetic. , 

term applied to some petals. 

ANTENNE, *n-ten, s. m. (mar.) 
a lateen sail-yard. , Antenolle, 
small lateen sail-yard. *An.ten- 
nes, (ent.) antenniB, horns, feelers. 

*ANTENNAIRE, adj. els.m.(ent.) 
belonging to the antenhte. 

«ANTENNARIEES,a(Z;.e« «./pt 
(bot.) a section of senecionideas.. 

■►ANTENNE, adj. (n. h.) having 

*ANTENNEES, adj. el s.f. pi 
(ann.) an order of annelides. 

AhEa, adj. et s.f. pi. (arach.) an 
order of the class arachnides. 



"ANTENNIFERE, adj. (loQ 
bearing filaments. 

*ANTENNIF0RME, adj. (em:) 
having the form of antennae. 

*ANTENNISTE, adj. et s. m, 
(ent.) having antennce. 

*ANTENNULE, s.f. (ent.) the 
maxillary palpi. 

*ANTEPECTORAL, adj. (ent.) 

pdn-iil-tiSm, s. antepenult, 
antepenultima, the last but two. 

good against the nightmare or in- 

ANTERIEUR E, an-ta-ri-^ur, 
adj. anterior, going before, ante- 
cedent, prior, previous ; foremost, 
set before, foregoing, former. 
[Antdrieur follows the noun.] 

ri-Sur-man, adv. previously, be- 

[Antdrieurejnent follows the 
noun : regimen expressed or un- 
derstood J when the regimen is 
expressed, antirieurement go- 
verns a.] 

ANTERIORITE, an-ta-ri-6.ri- 
iS, s. /. (jur.) anteriority, prio- 
rity, antecedence. 

♦ANTERO-DORSAL, adj. (mol) 
apex of a bivalve. 

ANTES, ant, s. m. (arch.) antte. 

ANTESCIENS, V. Antisciens. 

ANTESTATURE, s.f. (fort.) an- 
testature, an intrenchment made 
with palisades or sacks of earth. 

*ANTEVERSION, o.f. (me.) an- 
te version. 

*ANTHELE, s.f. (hot:) compound 
bunch of flowers. 

*ANTHELIX, s. m. (anal.) anthe- 


(med.) anthelmintic, destructive 

to worms. 
*ANTHELMIA, s. /. anthelmia, 

spigelia, worm-grass. 
*ANTHEMIDEES, adj. et s.f. pi. 

iJ>ot.) a tribe of synanthera. 

(med.) anti-hemorrhagic. 

IQUE, adj. (bot.) relating to an- 
*ANTHERE, s.f. (bot.) anther. 
*ANTHERICEES, adj. el s.f. pi. 

(bot.) a group of asphodeleie. 

bearing anthers. 








r6be, r6b, Ifird, in6od, h6od. 




bfit, bruT?. 

►ANTHERINE, (ent) living on 


*ANTHEROGENE, adj. (boU) de- 
rived from anthers, 

*ANTHESE, «./. {hot.) blooming 
etc., of flowers. 

*ANTHIARINE, s. /. (jned.) act. 
principle of the upas anthiar. 

*ANTHICIDES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(ent.) a tribe of coleoptera. 

*ANTHIDULEES, o^;. et 
(ent.) a tribe of myodariie. 

*ANTHIES, V. Anties. 

♦ANTHOBIES, adj. et a. m. pi. 
(ent.)a section of the scarabrades, 

*ANTHOBRANCHES, adj. et s. (mot.) a fam. of mollusca. 

*ANTHOCEPHALE, adj. (n. *.) 
having a head in the form of a 

♦ANTHOCORYNION, s. m. (bot.) 
a kind of bractea. 

*A]NTHODION, s. m. (hot.) a com- 
posite flower. 

ANTHOLOGIE, s.f. anthology. 

*ANTHOMYDES, adj. el 
(ent.) a tribe of myodarirE. 

*ANTHOiVIYZES, adj. et s. m. pi 
(om,) a fara. of passeres. 

*ANTHOPHAG£, adj. {n. h.) liv- 
ing on flowers. 

*ANTHOFHILE, adj. (n. h.) 

*ANTHOPHILES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(ent.) a family of hymenoptera. 

*ANTHOPHORE, adj. et s. m. 
(bot.) flower-bearing. 

♦ANTHOPHYLE, adj. (io(.) hav- 
ing the lobes of the calyx elon- 

/. anthora, helmet-flower, aconi- 
tum salutiferum. 

*ANTHOSPERME, s. m. (hot.) 
agglomeration of small globules 
in certain thalassiophytje. 

*ANTHOSPERMfiES, adj. et ». 
/. pi. (hot.) a tribe of rubiacese. 


*ANTHOSTOMES, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (zoo.) a fam. of elminthaprocta. 

pi. (hot.) a tribe of graminese. 

♦ANTHOZUSIE, s. f. (bot.) a pe- 
culiar transformation of leaves. 

*ANTHRACIDES,a4?. et s. 
(min.) a class of minerals. 

*ANTHR ACIENS, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(ent.) a tribe of diptera. 

*ANTHRACirERE, adj. (min.) 
containing coal. 

ANTHRACIFORME, adj. (ent.) 
a sesia so called. 

»ANTHRACINE, s. /. (Tiled.) a 
variety of cancer. 

*ANTHRACITES, ». (min.) 
a genus of the class gazolytes. 

♦APTTHRACITEUX, adj. (min.) 
having relation to anUiracite. 

(chim.) anthracometer. 

•ANTHRACOSE, s. m. (med.) 
carbuncle of the eye. 

*A N T H R A X, an-traks, ». m. 
(med.) anthrax, a burning scab 
or blotch, with swelling; a car- 

*ANTHRAXIFERE, adj. (min.) 

a group of rocks. 


(cliim.) sulpho-cyanogen. 


(chim.) sulphocyanic, (obsolete.) 


(cJdm.) sulphocyanuret,(obsolete.) 

ANTHRENE, «. (ent.) a genus of 

*ANTHRIBIDES, adj. et s. 

(ent.) a tribe of rhyncophora. 

(ent.) a tribe of rhyncophora. 

(med.) human medicine. 

(chim.) the chemistry of man. 

THROPOGfiNIE, s. /. the pro- 
creation of man. 
*ANTHR0P0GRAPHE, adj. et s. 

m. (ana.) an anatomical writer. 
*ANTHR0P0GRAPHIE, s./.an- 

ANTHROPOLOGIE, an-tr6-p4- 

16-21, s.f. anthropology. 

s. m. animal magnetism. 

m. one of the forms of atiimal 



(anat.) anthropometry. 

(anat.) anthropomorphous. 

tr6-p6-m6r-f ism, s. m. anthropo- 

tr6-p6-m6r-f it,s,m. anthropomor- 
phite. (Crust, etpetrif.) anthropo- 

ANTHROPOPHAGE, an-tr6-p6- 
faz, adj. des 2 genres, anthropo- 

Anthbopophage, suist. caimibal, 

p6-fa-2l, s. /. anthrophophagy, 

s.f. (anat.) anatomy, (obsolete.) 

*ANTHROPONO]V0E, s.f. (med.) 

*ANTHI«iPONISME, s. m. a 
form of animal magnetism. 

*ANTHR0P0N0S0L0GIE, s.f. 
(med.) anthrojponosology. 

GIE, s.f. (anat.) anatomy, (obs.) 

science of the nature of man. 

♦ANTHROPOTOMIE, «./. (ana.) 
anatomy, dissection. 

*ANTHURE, s. m. (bot.) elon- 
gated peduncle. 

*ANTHYPN0TIQUE, ». m. et 
adjjjned.) remedies againstsleep. 

ANTI, an-tl, preposition, from the 
Greek, used m French in many 
compound words,- to make oppo- 
sition, contrariety, as in antiscor- 
hutique, antipode. It is also used 
in the same sense as the Latin 
prep, ante, to indicate priority of 
time or pkce, as in antidote, an- 

*ANTIADITE, s.f. (med.) inflara- 

malion of the tonsils. 

*ANTIADONCES, s. m. (med.) 

swelling of the tonsils. 

(med.) antiapoplectic. 

(med.) antiarthritic. 

(Tned.) antiasthmatic. 

*ANTIBRACHIAL, adj. (anat.) 
antebrachial. " 

ANTIBES; (France,) Antibes. 

ANTICABINET, s. m. ante-cabi- 

s. m. (med.) anti-cachectic. 

et adj. (med.) anti-caeochymic. 

m. et adj. and ANTI-CANCER- 
EUX. adj. (med.) anti-cancerous. 

*ANTICARDE, s. m. (anat.) the 
precordial region. 

adj. (med.) anti-catarrhal. 

adj. (med.) remedy against ardent 

(chim.) anti-chloristic. 

*ANTICLINANTHE, s. m. (bot.) 
a part of the flower of the synan- 

*ANTI-COIJQUE, s. m. et adj. 
(med.) anti-colic. 

ANTICHAMBRE, an-tl-shanbr, 
s.f. antechamber, anteroom, lob- 
by ,withdrawing room, hall. Pro- 
pos d' — , servants' gossip, Faire 
— , to dance attendance. 

ANTICHRESE. s.f. (jur.) anti- 
chresis, mortgage. 

ANTICHR£TIEN, NE, adj. an- 


ANTICIPATION, an-ti-si-pa- 
slon, sf. anticipation,forestalling, 
encroachment, invasion. 

ANTICIP6, E, part. d'Anticiper, 
V. 3, anticipated, invaded. 

ANTICIPEK, an-ti-si-pd,j). a. v. 
- 3, to anticipate, to take up before- 
hand or before the time, to fore- 
stall, to encroach upon another's 
rights or land, to invade it. 

ANTICOEUR, s. m. (vet.) anticor, 

ANTICOUR, s.f. forecourt. 



ANTIDATE. an-ti-dat,s./. ante- 
date, antedating. 

ANTIDATER, an-ti-di'ta, v. a. 
V. 3, to antedate. 

TAIRE, s. m. antidotary, a book 
of antidotes. 

♦ANTIDOTE, an-tl-d5t, s.m. an- 
tidote, preservative, preventive, 

*ANTI-DIARRHfelQUE, s. m. et 
adj. (med.) remedy against diarr- 

*ANTI-DINIQUE, «, m. et adj. 
(med.) remedy against vertigo. 






bir, bat, base, antique: thire, Sbb, ov^r, j^une, mSute, b^urre, liin: 

ous piece of antiquity, old tituflf 
old rubbish. Ce n'est qu*une anfi 
(fuaiUe, she is but an antiquated 

ANTIQUAIRE, an-ti-kfer, s.m. 
an antiquary, lyr antiquarian. 
ANTIQUE, an-tjk, adj. antique, 
ancient, old. 

ANTiauE, s.f. an antique, the re- 
mains of ancient times ; piece or 
monument of antiquity. 
A L'ANTiauE, adv. after the old 
way or fashion, after the antique. 
[Antupie may and often does 
precede its noun ; c'est un antique 
usage, c'est xm usage antique.] 
ANTIQUER, V. a. v. 3, (in book, 
binding) to imitate antique orna- 

ANTIQUITE, an-ti-ki-ta, s. /. 
antiquity, ancientness, old times, 
primitiveness, the ancients, men 
of ancient times, antique, piece 
of antiquity. 
*ANTIRRHINEES, adj. et s. f. 
•pi. (pot.) a family of plants (scro. 
ANTISALLE, s.f. anteroom. 
ANTISCIENS, an-tl-si-in, a m 
(geo.) antiscii. 
*ANTI-SCOLIQUE, s. m. et adj. 

V. Anti-vermineux. 

{med.) antiscorbutic. 
adj. (med.) anti-scrofulous. 
*ANTISEPTIQUE, adj. des 2 
genres, (med.) antiseptic 
ANTISOCIAL, E, adj. antisocial. 
*ANTISPASE, s. f. (med.) anti- 
spasis, a revulsion of humours. 
adj. (Tried.) antispasmod»remedy, 
*ANTISPASTIQUE, adj. (med., 
ANTISPODE, s. m. antispodium. 
*ANTISTATIQUE, adj. (min.) a 

peculiar crystal. 
*ANTI.STERNUM, s. m. (anat.) 
the dorsal region opposite to the 
*ANTISTIQUE, adj. (min.) a pe- 
culiar crystal. 
ANTISTROPHE, s. /. (poet an- 
s. (med.) antisyphilitic. 
*ANTI-THENAR, s. m. (anat.) a 
muscle of the thumb. 
ANTITHESE, an-ti-tJz, s.f. an- 
tithesis, contrast. 

ANTITHETIQUE, an-ti-ta-tik, 

adj. antithetic. 
*ANTI-TRAGUS, s. m. (ana.) an 

eminence of the external ear. 
ANTITRINITAIRE, s. m. anti- 

trinitarian, unitarian. 
*ANTITROPE, adj. (hot.) term 

applied to certain embryos. 
ANTITYPE, s.m. antitype, sym- 

adj. (med.) anti-variolous. 
*ANTIVENfeRIEN, NE, adj. et 

s. (med.) antivenereal. 

(med.) vermifuge, (old.) 

*ANT1-EDRIQUE, adj. (min.) a 
peculiar crystal. 

ANTIENNE, an-ti^n, .•!./. an an- 
them. Rdp^ter toujours la mcme — , 
to sav always the same thing. 

* ANTIENNEAEDRE, adj.(min.) 
a peculiar prism. 

(med.) anliepileptic remedy. 

♦ANTIFEBRILE, .s. m. (med.) 
antifebrile, antifebrile remedy. 

'ANTIES, s. /. pi (om.) pointed 
feathers on the head of a bii;d. 

adj. (med.) remedy against the 
secretion of milk. 

*ANTI-GALEUX, V. Anti-pso- 

ANTIGORIUM, s. m. coarse en- 
amel, glazing. 



*ANTIHECTIQUE, s. m. (med.) 

antihectic remedy, antihectic. 

et adj. (m£d.) anti-hemorrhoidal. 
*ANTI-HERPfeTIQUE, s. m. et 

adj. (med.) anti-herpetic. 

m. etadj. (med.) anti-hydrophobic. 

antidropsical remedy. 

m. (med ) antihypochondriacal re- 
medy, antisplenetic. 

(med.) antihvsteric remedy. 
*ANTI-ICT feRIQUE, s. m. et adj. 

(med.) anti-icteric. 
'ANTILAITEU-X, SE,adj.(med.) 


\NTILAJiBANES, adj. el s. m. 
}l. (orn.) a family of scansores. 
NTILLES, an-tU, s. /. pi. the 

Antille Islands. 
*ANTILLIS, s. m. (bot.) anthyllis, 

bladder-lotus, lady's finger. 
*ANTILOEE, s. m. (anat.) the an- 


ANTILOGIE, s.f. antilogy. 
*ANTI-LOiMIQUE, s. m. et adj. 

(med.) remedy against the plague. 
*ANTILOPE, s.f. antelope. 

m. etadj. (metZ.) anti-melancholic. 
*ANTIMOINE, s. m. antimony. 

of antimony. 
*ANTIMONEUX, SE, adj.(chim.) 

*ANTIMONIAL, E, adj. antimo- 

*ANTIMONIATE, ». m. (chim.) 


adj. (chim.) a peculiar double salt. 
*ANTIMONIDES, s. m. pi. (min.) 

a fam. of minerals contaming an- 

*ANTIM0Nl4:, E,a(?;.antiraonial. 
*ANTIMONIFF.RE, atlj. (min.) 

containing antimony. 
♦ANTIMONIQUE, adj. (cliim.) 

•ANTIMONITE, s. m. (chim.) 


ANTIiMONOXIDE,. s. m. (min.) 


salts formed of antimonious ox- 
ide, and a base. 

*ANTIMONIURE, s. m. (chim.) 
native combination of antimony 
and oxygen, antimoniuret. 

ANTINATIONAL, E, adj. anti- 

adj. (med.) anti-nephritic. 

ANTINOMIE, g.f. antinomy, con- 

ANTIOCHE, s.f. (Syria) Antioch. 

*ANTIOCHALINS, adj. el s. m. 
pi. (rep.) a fam. of ophidii. 

et adj. (med.) anti-odontalgic. 

ANTIPAPE, an-ti-pap, s. m. an- 


*ANT1PATHE, s. m. antipathes, 
gorgonia, black coral. 

ANTIPATHIE, an-ti-pa-tl, s. f. 
antipathy, natural aversion, re- 
pugnance, contrariety of natural 

ANTIPATHIQUE, an-ti-pa-tik, 
adj. antipathetical, opposite, a- 
verse, contrary, repugnant. 

(med.) antiperistaltic. 

ANTlPfiRISTASE, s. /. antipe- 

adj. (med.) antipestilential. 

des 2 genres, antiphilosophical, 
(applied to doctrines and senti- 
ments only.) 

NAIRE. s. m. antiphonal, a book 
in which the anthems are noted. 

*ANTI-PHARMAQUE, 5. m. et 
adj. a counter-poison. 

adj. (med.) anti-phlogistic. 

ANTIPHRASE, an-ti-friz, s.f. 

adj. (med.) anti-phthisical, 

*ANTI-PHYSIQUE,!J(?/. contrary 
to nature. 

*ANTI-PIEDS, s. the fore- 
paws of the mammalia. 


adj. (med.) anti-pleuritic. 

*ANTI-P0DAGRIQUE, s.m. et 
adj. (med.) anti-podagric. 

ANTIPODAL, E, adj. antipodal. 

ANTIPODE, an-ti-p6d, s.m. (geo.) 
(commonly used in the plural,) 

"ANTIPOITRINE, s.f. (ent.) the 
antepectus of insects. 

*ANTIPR0STATA, s. /. (ana.) 

*ANTIPS0RIQUE, adj. des 2 
genres, (med.) antipsoric. 

ANTIPTOSE, s.f. antiptosis. 

ANTIPUTRIDE, adj. et s. Y. 


*ANTI-PYIQUE, s. m. et adj. 

(med.) anti-purulent. 
*ANTI-PYRETIQUE, s. m. el 

adj. (med.) febrifuge. 
•ANTI-PYROTIQUE, s.m. el adj. 

ANTIQUAILLE, in-tl-kkl, s. f 

(t. of contempt,) an antique, ruin- 







r6be, r6b, lord, mood, h6od, 







el adj fmed.) anthelmintic. 

ANTIVEUOLIQUE, adj. {,med.) 

good again^it the smjaU-pox, anti- 

*APfri-ZYMIQUE, s. m. et adj. 

ichim.) calculated to prevent I'er- 

*ANTLI ARliINIDES,a4?. el s. m. 

pt. (ent.) a group of the iam. cur- 


*ANTL1E, s. /. (ent.) the oral in- 
strument ol the lepidoptera. 


adj. et s. m. pi. (n. h.) a class of 


AiNTOlSER, V. a. v. 3, to heap 

up dung, to make a dunghill. 

ANTOIT, s. m. tmar.) wrmg-bolt 
or stafi; 

AJNITOLFE de girojle, 5. m. mo- 
ther cloves. 

ANTOiNOMASE, s.f. antonoma- 
sia, antonomasy. 

ANTRE, antr, s. m. antre, cave, 
den, natural grotto, cavern. 

*AiSITRIADES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(om.) a fam. of the sylvicote. 

ANTRIM, s. m.Clreland,) Antrim. 

PHAGE, etc. V. Anthkopolo- 
GiE, etc. 

ANTRUSTIONS, s. m. pi. antrus- 

ANVTTE.E, part, de s'Anuiier, 
v. 3, benighted. 

S'ANUITER, sa-niil-ta, v. r. v. 
3, to be benighted, to stay till it 
is night or dark. 

*ANUS, a-nis, s. m. (finat) the 
anus or fundament, (60/.) arms. 

*ANVOIE, s. /. coecilia, slow- 

ANXIETfi, ank-si-a-ta, s.f. an- 
xiety .perplexity ,sorrovf, anguish. 

*ANX1S, s. m. (med.) constriction. 

*ANYMPHl6, adj. (bol.) plants 
without nymphion. 

*AOCHLESIE, s.f. (m^d.) tran- 
quillity, (old). 

AONIDES, s.f. (myth.) the muses. 

pZ.(rcp.)ophidian reptiles without 
nail-like tubercles behind. 

AORISTE, 6-rist, s. m. (gram.) 
aorist. In French it is the simple 
preterite, j'allai,jefis, ^c. 

.iORTE, s.f. (ana.) aorta, the great 

'AORTEVRISME, ». m. (med.) 
aortic aneurism. 

*AORTITE, s. m. (med.) inflam- 
mation of the aorta. 

AOOT, 60, s. m. August. La mi- 
aoiit, the middle of August. Aout 
harvest, harvest-time. 

AOOTER, a-6fl-ta, v. a. v. 3, to 

AOUTERON, flot-ron, «. OT. a 
monthsma:n, a reaper. 

APAGOGIE, s.f. apagogy. 

*A P A G Y N E, 0(4?. (hot:) plants 
bearing seed but once. 

APAISER, a-pS-zd, v. a. v. 3, to 
appease, to soqthe, to pacify, to 
calm, to quiet, to assuage, to al 

lay. to still, to hush, to mitigate, 

to silence. ' " , 

s'APAispn, «. r, v. 3, to be ap- 
peased, stilled, assuaged, etc.; to 

allay one's passion, to grow quiet^ 


APALACHIE, .,s. f. , Apalachia. 

Les mollis ApalacJtes, Apalachian 
mountains, or Allegatiy. 

*APALACHIN'E, s./.'apalachine, 
cassine, cassia-berry tree. 

*APALLAGE, a.f.(med.) recove- 
ry from a severe disease, 

♦APALYTRES, oii?. s. m. pi. (enl.) 
a family ofdoleopt^ra. 

APANAGE, 5-pa-naz, is. m. appa- 
nage. Apana.«e,^^^.) appendage,' 
appendi^ appartenance, lot. 

APAN.AGER, a-pa-na-2a, v. a. 
V. 79, to settle, an estate or pro- 
vince upon a younger son and 
his family for his maintenance.. 

APANAGISTE, adj. et s. m. one 
who has an appanage. 

*APANTHROPIE, s. /. (med.) 
melancholy, with dread of man. 

*APANTHROPIQUE, adj. (med.) 
one who shuns mankind. 

*APARANYMPHiE,; adj, (iot.) 
plant without paranymphion: 

*APARAPETALOiDE, adj. (iot.) 
corolla without nectarium. ' 

*APARINE, s.f. apparine, goose- 
grass.^ ' ' ' ' ' 

*APARINES, adj. el s.f. pi. (hoU) 
synonyme of rubiaceai. 

APARTfi, a-par-tS, adh. et s. m. 
aside. Des aparti, words spoken 
aside. ") 

APATHIE, a-pa-tl. s.f. apathy, 
exemption from. passions, insensi- 
bility to pain, want of feeling ; 
indolence, supineness. 

APATHIQUE, a-pa-tlk, adj?: apa- 
thetic, insensible, void of feeling ; 
indolent, supine. 
[Apaihique may precede the 

noun expressive of quality : cette 

apathique humeur; ■ Un apathique 

homme cannot be said. See Ad- 


*APATfflQUES, adj. et s. m.:pl 
(n. A.) name ofonetof the primary 
divisions of animal kingdom. 

*APARTHROSE. s.f. (med.) am- 
putation of limbs at the joints. 

*APECHEME. s. m. (med.) coun- 
ter fissure in an injured bone, 

APEDEUTE, s.m. apcedeuta; an 
illiterate person, (obs.) 

i*APELLE, s. m. (med.) without 
prepuce. ^ 

APENNIN, s. m. the Appenines. 

APENS. wilful. V. Guet-Apens. 

*APEPSIE, s.f. (med.) apepsy. 

APERCEPTION, s.f. immediate 
consciousness, of impressions. 

APERCEVABLE, a,p4rs-vabl, 
adj. perceivabl6j,perceptible. 

APERCEVANCfc, a-pSr.s/vans, 
s. y. .perceivauce. (Both words, 
French and English, are obs.) 

APERGEVOIR,.a-pSrs-vwar, v. 
a. V. 5, to perceive, to discover, 
to descry, to discern, to espy ; to 
remark, to observe. 

s'APEii.0Evoi]i, V. r. V. .5, to perr 

eeivc, to rethark; to see, to be 


perceived, seen ; to And. out| to 

discover; to take notice. 
APERgU, ■ E. a-p6r-s&. part, et 

sub. d'Apercevoir, v. 5, a sketch, 

a rapid view, a glange. 
*AP£REAi *• "i- aperea. (Qua- 
druped of Brazil.) 
*AP£RIANtHACE, adj. (hot.) 

plant without perianth. 
*APIi;RIANTHAC£ES, adj. et s. 
f. pi. (tot.) family of this Cycadese. ' 
APERISPERMEj adj. (bot.) era- 

bryo'without perisperra. 
APERISTOMEES, adj. et s.f. pU 

(bol.) a class of musci. 
*APERITI-F, VE, a-pS-ri-tif, 

tlv, adj. (med.) aperient, opening, 
*APETALE, a-pa-tal, adj. (bot.) 

apelalous. ' 

*APETALES, adj. et s.f. pi. (boL) 

a class of plants. 
* APETALIE, s.f. (bot.) a division 

in Jussien's method, &c. 

OGYNIE. s. f. (bot.) a class of 


GYNIE, s. f. (bot.) a class of' 

*APfiTALIFORE,aci;.(6of.) name 

given to parts of the .jynanthera. 

plants with non-adherent sta- 
APETISSEMENT, ap-tis-man, 

s. m. diminution, lessening, (Lit- 
tle used.) 
APETISSER, ap-tl-sd, v. a. v. 3 , 

to lessen to shorten. 
ApETissEn, ii.M. V.3, to grow short 

or less, to lessen, to decrease. 
s'ApETissER, V. r. V. 3, to shrink. 
*APHAGIE, s.f. (med.) inabihty 

to swallow. 
.*APHAN1PTERES, adj. et s. m. 

pi. (ent.) an order of insects. 
,*APHANlTIQUE,adj.(mm.) con- 
taining aphanite. 
*APHANOPTERE, adj. (mt.) 


APHELIE. s. m. (ast.) aphelion. 
APHl^lRESE, s.f. (gram.) aphe- 


a tribe of insects. 

(ent.) a family of coleoptem. 
*APHIDIVORE, adj. (enl.) living 

on aphides. 
*APHILANTHROPIE, s.f. (med.) 

nearly synonymous with apan- 

*APHLE, E,a«/j.(5or).a plant wifli- 

oiit bark.' 
*APHLOGISTIQUE, adj. (fhim.). 

a ISmp without flame. 
*APHLOMIDEES, adj. ets fJpl 

(bot.) an order of thalassiophyte. 
*APHONIE, s.f. (Med.) aphony, 

loss of speech.' . ■ 

APHORISME, a-f6-rism, s.. m. 

aphorism, geneiral proposition, 

sentence, maxim. , ; '■ 

APHORISTIQUE, ofZj.aphoiristic. 
.*APHOTISTE, adj. .(bot.) plant*, 

growing without light,' . 

65 ■' ' 







antique : 


4bb, OV&, j^une. 




•APHRODISIAQUE, a-fri-dl-sl- 

ik, adj. m. etf. (jned.) aphrodisiac 

6f aphrodisiaCal. 

APHRODISIASME, «. m. coition. 
•APHRODISIENS, adj. and s. m. 

pi. {annel.) a family oi'annelidcs. 
*APHRODITE, 5. m. aphrodita, 

*APHRODITEi adj.lfiat.) agamoua 

♦APHRODITES, s. m. pi. (annel.) 

a family of annelides. 

(ast.) description of the planet 

*APHRO-NATRON, s. m. sal 

alkali naturale, carbonate of 

*APHRONITRE,s. m. aphronitre. 

*APHROSYNE, s.f. {med.) men- 
tal derangement. 

*APHTES, s. (jncd.)aphth!e. 

♦APHTHEUX, SE,arfj.(»Kd.)aph- 

»./. pi (So(.) a tribe of juncaceas. 

*APHYLLE, adj. (hot.) without 

*APHYOSTOMES, adj. and a.m. 
pi. (ich.) a family of fishes. 

API, a-pi, s. m. api, a kind of 

•APIAIRE, adj. (en<.) relating to 

*A PI AIRES, adj. and s. m. pi 
(enl.) a tribe of hymenoptera. 

APIC, ou A PIC, adv. apeak, per- 
pendicularly. Cote A — , a bold 
shore. Virer a — , to heave short. 

'APICAL, adj. (ent) the point of 
insects' wings; a platydema so 

*APICfe, adj. (.hot.) terminated by 
a summit, 

APICHU, sf. potatoes,(their name 
in Peru.) 

*APICICOMBE, adj.(mol.) curved 
at the summit or extremity. 

•APICIFLORE, adj. (lot.) termi- 

'APICIFORME, adj. (tnin.) a pe- 
culiar form of crystal. 

•A PICIL AIHE, adj. (hot.) an organ 
inserted in the summit of another. 

*APICULE, «./. and m. (Sot and 
ent.) short and sharp point. 

•APICULE,E,a<i;.(6ol.)Kith ashort 
and sharp point. 

*APIFERE, adj. (hot.) bee-shaped. 

*APIFORME, adj. bee-shaped. 

•APILEPSIE, ». /. (med.) synony- 
mous with apopiexie. 

*APINEL, s. f. apinel, (medi- 
cinal root.) 

•APIONIDES, a^. and s. m. pi. 
(eat) a group of curculionidse. 

♦APIOSPORIENS, adj. and s. m. 
pi. (hot.) a tribe of fungi. 

APIQUER, V. a. V. 3, (mar.) api- 
quer une vergve, to top a sail-yard, 
to peak it up. 

AFiauER, V. n. V. 3, to peak up. 

•APIROPODES, adj. and s. m. pi. 
(n. h.) a class of inrertebral ani- 

APIS, s. m. (myth.) Apis. 

APITOYER, l-pI-twi-yS, v. a. 
V. 80, to move one to pity. 

s'Apitoyer, 1). r. v. 78, to pity. 

*API VORE, adj. (am.) bee-eatmg. 

APLANER, II. a. v. 3, to nap, to 
raise the nap (with teazels or 

APLANEUR, s. m. he who naps, 
a carder. 

*APLANI, E, adj. (n. h.) flattened, 

APLaNIR, a-pla-nlr ; v. a. v. 4, 
to smooth, to level, to make even , 
smooth or easy ; to plane, to even, 
to clear up or away. 

s' Aplanir, 1). r. v. 4, to grow easy, 
smooth, etc. 

APLANISSEMENT, a-pla-n!s- 
man, s. m. smoothing, levelling, 
making smooth or even, smooth- 
ness, levelness, evenness. 

APLANISSKUR, s. m. leveller. 

APLATIR, a-pla-tlr; t>. a. v. 4, 
to flatten, to make flat, to flat. 

s'Aplatir, v. a. v. 4, to become 
flat, to be flattened. 

APLATISSEMENT, a-pla-tis- 
man, s. m. flattening., making 
flat, being flat. 

*APLATI, E, adj.(n.h.) flattened. 

*APLATIS, adj. and s. (ent.) 
a tribe of bfachelytra. 

APLESTER, II. n. v. 3, (mar.) to 

*APLESTIE, »./. (med.) insatiable 

APLETS, s. m. herring-nets. 

*APLEURIE, s.f. (ana.) absence 
of pleura. 

*APLOCERES, adj. and s. m. pi. 
(ent.) a &mil}/ of diptera. 

APLOMB, a-plon, s. m. plumb, 
perpendicular. Aplomb, (jig.) 
address, assurance, steadiness. 
(Aplomb in its figurative sense is 
one of those familiar and un- 
translatable words peculiar to 
the French language.) 11 a 
heaucoup d' — , he has a great 
deal of self-possession, self-com- 
mand, coolness, steadiness, 
aplomb. Aplomb, (in painting,) 
aplomb. Upechepar les — s, he 
is defective in the steadying or 

: poise of his figures. , , , ^ 

d' Aplomb, he. adv. plumb. £lre 
kors d' — , to be out of thfe per- 
pendicular, to be off the plumb. 

*APIX)NOME, adj. (min.) a pecu- 
liar crystal. 

*APL0P£HIST01VCfeES, adj. and 
s.f. pi. (hot.) a class of musci. 

APLOSTACHYfi, adj. (hot.) with 
flowers disposed in an ear. 

APLOSTEGUES, adj. el s. 
(mol.) a section of cephalopoda. 

*APLOSTOME, adj. (mol.) helices 
with simple labrum. 

*APLYSIAC£S, adj. and s. 
(mol.) a family of gasteropoda. 

*APLYSIENS, adj. and ». m. pi. 
(mol.) a family of paracephalo- 

*APLYSIFORME, ttdj.(n. h.) with 
the Ibnn of aplysia. 

APNEE, g.f. (med.) want of res- 

APN£0I/X;IE, s. /. (med.) trea- 
tise on apneea. 

*APNEUMIE, s.f. (ana.) absence 

of lungs. 
*APNOESPHYXIE, «./. (med.) 

apparent death. 
*APOCARPE, adj. (hot.) name of 

a moss. 
APOCALYPSE, a-p6-ka-llps, .i. 

f. Apocalypse, the revelations of 

St. John. 
APOCALYPTIQUE. adj. apoca. 

lyptical, prophetic. 
*APOCATHARSIE, s. /. (med.) 

complete expurgation. 
*AP0C£N0SE, s. /. (med.) eva. 

*APOCIN, s. m. Syrian silk. V. 

APOCO, a-p5-k6, s. m. A terra 

borrowed from the Italian, and 

equivalent to the English words, 

fool, ninny. H parte comnte un 

— , he speal^ like a fool ; little 

APOCOPE, s.f. (Gram.) apocope. 
*APOCRENATE, ». m. (cMm.) 

salt of apocrenic acid and a base. 
*APOCRENIQUE, adj. (chim.) a 

peculiar organic acid. 
APOCRISIAIRE, s.7n. the modem 

nuncio; Apocrisary. 
*APOCROUSTIQUE, adj. et s. m. 

(med.) apocrustic, repelling aud 

APOCRYPHE, a-pj-krif, adj. 

apocryphal, of doubtful autho- 
[Apocryphe follows the noun.] 
*APOCYESIE, ». / (med.) par- 
*APOCYN, a-p6-sin, s. m. (hot.) 

apocynum, apocynon. 
*Apocyn-gobe-mouche, s. m. 

(plant.) muscipula. 
MPOCYNEES, adj. and s. /. pi 

(hot.) a family of plants. 
*APODE, adj. apode, having nt 

feet, footless. Poissans — s, fist 

that have no ventral fins. 
*Apode, s. m. apode, sea-swallow 
APODICTIQUE, adj. apodictical, 

♦APODEJME, s. m. (7i. h.) a parti. 

cular part of the body of articu- 
lated animals. 
*APODES, adj. and ». (n. h.) 

various families of the animal 

kingdom, so called. 
*APODIE, s. /. (anaU) absence ol 


*APODOCEPHALE, adj. (hot.) 

with compound flowers agglo* 

*APqDOGYNE. adj. (hot.) terra 

applied to the disc of a plant 
♦APOGALACnSME, «. m. (med.) 

*APOGASTRES, adj. and ». m 

pi. (mol.) a section of mollusca. 
APOGEE, a-p6-za, s. m. (ast. 

apogeon, apogeum, apogee. 
*AP0G0NES, adj. (hot.) a scctioi 

of rausci. 
APOGRAPHS, s. m. apograph 

*APOHYAL, s. m. (ama.) a parto 

the hyoid bone. 
APOLLINAIRES, adj. apoUina 

rian games. 







rftbe, r6b, Idrd, mdod, hAod, 



bftse, b&t, bmn. 

ApolUnarians, ApoUinarists. 

APOLLON, 8. m. {myth.) Apollo; 
a short morning gown. ' 

APOLOGETIQUE, . a-p6-15-za- 
tlk, adj. et s. m. apologetic, apo- 
logetical ; an apology. 
[Apologitupie follows the noun.] 

AFOLOtilE, a-p5-16-zl, .•>./. apo- 
logy; vindication, excuse, justi- 

APOLOGISTE, a-p6-15-jist, s. 
m. apolosizer, apologist. 

APOLOGUE, a-po-16g, s. m. apo- 
logue, fable. 

APOLTRONIE, v. a. v. 4, to pol- 
ttxwn a hawk, to cu t oif the talons 
of his hindclaws, 

MASTOMES, adj. and s. m. pi. 
(mo/.) a sub-order of gasteropoda. 

APOMECOMETRIE, s. m. apo- 

*APDMESOS'rOMES, adj. and s. 
m. pi. (zoo.) a section of echini. 

{ajial.) description of the &sciae. 

•APONEVROSE, s. /. (anat ) ap- 

*AP0N£VR0TIQUE, adj. apo- 

*APOPHANE, adj. (win.) a pecu- 
liar crystal. ^ 

(med. pharm.) apophlegmatic ; 

APOPHTHEGME, a-p5f-t4gm, 
s. m. apophthegm, 

APOPHYGE, e. m. (arc*.) apo- 
phyge, the spring of, a column. 

•APOPHYSE, s. /. {anat.) apo- 

*APOPHYSE, adj. (fiot.) with an 

*APOPHYSIFORME, adj. (fiat.) 
formed like an apophysis. 

tik, adj. and su£. apoplectic, apo- 

*APOPLEXIE, a-pfl-pUk-sl, s.f. 
{med.) apoplexy. 

*APOPN£XIE, s.f. (rned.) sense 
of suSbcatibn. 

*APOPSYCHIE, «./. (rned.) a con- 
tinued lainting. 

APORE, APORISME, i. m. apo- 
rema, aporon, aporime. 

5. m. pi. {arap.) an order of arach- 

*APOROCEPHAXES. adj. and s. {annel.) an order of suban- 

*APOSCHASMIE, e. f. (med.) 

♦APOSEPEDIN, s. m. {dim.) 
caseous oxide. 

*APOSITIE, »./. (.med.) loathing 
of food. 

APOSTASTE, a-p6s-ta-zl, s. f. 
apostacy, defection, backsliding. 

APOSTASIER, a-p6s-ta-zii, v. 
n. V. 3, to apostatize', to forsake 
one's religion or religious order. 

APOSTAT, 4-p6s-ta, adj. apos- 
tate, recreant, backsliding. {Sub.) 

apostate, recreant, renegado, 

m. imposthume, aposteme, apost- 
hurae, abscess (old.) 

APOSTER, a-p6s-ta ; e. a. v. 3, 
to suborn, to hiire, to procure by 

APOSTILLATEUR, *. m. anno- 
tator, commentator. 

APOSTILLE, a-p6s-tl/, s. /. a 
postil, an apostiI,a marginal note, 
a p<stscript (in a letter,) recom- 
mendatoiy note to urge or back 
a petition, etc. 

APOSTILLER, a-p4s-ti-H, v. a. 
V. 3, to postil, to write notes. 

APOS'tlS, s. m. pi. {mar.) the row- 
locks of a galley. 

APOSTOLAT, a-p6s-t6-14, s. m. 

APOSTOLE, s. m. (v.) apbtre. — , 
a shipowner at Athens. 

APOSTOOQUE, , a-p4s.t6-llk, 
adj. apostolic, apostolical. Nonce 
— , the pope's nuncio. 
[Apastoliyue mostly fallows the 


t6-llk-man, adv. apostolically. 
[Aposloli<itiement follows rile 


APOSTROPHE, a-p4s-tr6f, ../. 

APOSTROPHER, i-p6s-tr6-fi ; 
V. a. V. 3, to apostrophize. Apos- 
TROPHER quelqii'un, to fall foul 
upon one. 

*APOSTUME, a-pas-tfim,s./. K 

APOSTUiMER, 4-p6s-tfi-m8l, v. 
n. V. 3, to fester, to suppurate, to 
gather, to draw to a head. 

♦APOSURES, adj. and s. m. pi. 
{enl.) a tribe of lepidoptera. 

*APOTE, adj. {med.) one who 
does not drink. 

f. APOTHECION, s. m. {hot.) 
the thalamus of lichens. 

*APOTHfiME, s. m. {chim.) syno- 
nymous with extractif oxid^. 

APOTHEOSE, a-p6-ta-6z, s.f. 
apotheosis, deification. 

*APOTHERAPIE, s. /. {med.) 
synonymous with therapeutique. 

APOTHICAIRE, a.p4-tl-44r, s. 
m. an apothecary ,pharmacopolist. 
tJn memaire d' — , an exorbitant 

ifer-rl, «./. pharmacy; an apo- 
thecary's shop, a dispensary. 

APOTOME, s. m. {alg. geom. mus.). 

APOTRE, i-pfltr, s. m. apostle. 
Faire le bon — , to counteneit, a 
good man. ApOtees, {mar.) 
knight -heads, collard - timbers, 

APOTUREAUX, «. m. pi {mar.) 

' kevel-heads. 

"APOZEME, a-p6-24ra,s.OT.(m«i2.) 
apozem, decciction, 

APPARAITRE, a-pa-r4tr, v. n. 
to appear, takes avoir ou tire as 
auxiliary: {il a apparu, il est 

apparu.) R apparaht, (jur.) it ap- 
pears. V. 59. 

APPARA'T, JL-pi-ra, s. m. formal 
preparations, study ; ostentation, 
affectation, show, a compendious 

APPARAUX, a-pa-r&, s. m. pi 
{Tttar.) the sails, the rigging, the 
tackle, yards, guns, etc.of a.ship; 
all except the men and victual. 

APPAREIL, i-pk-i&l, s. m. pre- 
paration, solemnity, magnifi 
cence, train, equipage, attend 
ance. Avec — , stately, sumptu 
ously. Appaeeil, {set. and arts, 
apparatus. *Appareil, {chir. 
dressing(of wounds.) *Afpareil 
{lilliot.) apparatus. Pelit — 

frand — ', haul — , small, great 
igh apparatus, methods used in 
cutting for the stone. Afpareil, 
{arch.) art or action of draughting 
stones, and combining their rela- 
tive weight, &c. in vaults, 
bridges, domes, etc. Utie assise 
debas — , a layer of low stones. 
AppAiiEiL,(7h(tr.) machinery, pur- 

APPAREILLAGE, s. m. {mar.) 
to make ready for sailing, to get 
under sail. 

APPAEEILLE, E, part. d'Appa- 
reiUer, v. 3. matched, fitted. 
Pierre appareiUie,a stone marked 
ready for cutting. 

APPAREILLER, l-pk-vi-li, v. 
a. V. 3, to match, to fit, to find a 
fellow or match. Appareiller 
des bos, to dress, to fit stockings. 
Appareiller, {arch.) to give a 
draught or model of the manner 
in viHiich stones are to be hewn 
previous to building. Appareil- 
ler, {mar.) to prepare, to make 
ready for sailing; to weigh, to 
get under sail, to set sail. 

s' Appareiller, v. 3, to pair, to 
mess with. {Fam.) 

man, s. m. yoking, pairing. 

APPAREILLEUR, a-pa-r4-ZSur, 
s. m. the workman yiiho marks 
the stone for hewing ; draughts- 
man, (cap-making,) trimmer. 

leuz, s.f. a procuress, a bawd. 

APPAREMMENT, a-pa-ra- 
man, adv. apparently,- probably, 
likely, to all appearance. 
{ApparemmerU begins the.phrase 

or fbllpws the verb ; apparemmeni 

quHl viendra, or il viendra appor 


APPARENCE, a-pa-rans, s. /. 
appearance, outside, show, seem- 
ing, likelihood, probability, like- 
ness, seemingness, sign, guise, 
semblance, remains. 

APPARENT, E, a-pa-ran, rant, 
adj. apparent, plain, obvious, 
manifest, evident, conspicuous, 
seeming, in appearance, not real, 
specious. Apparent, chief, emi- 
nent, topping, considerable. 
[4.mjarent, in the sense of de- 
ceptive, may precede the noun: 

un apparent el faux taleiU, ; other 

wise always follows it.] 

APPARENT^, E, i-pi-rau !4 







antique : 


^hb, ov^r, 



bSurre, li^n : 

adrj used only with bien or mal, 
related, descended. Bien — , well 
desGended ;mal ~, meanly boi-n. 
APPARESSER, v. a. v. 3, lo dull, 
lo malie heavy and dull. ' 

s'Apparesser, v. r. v. 3, to grow 

dbll, heavy, lazy. 
MliN'l', a-pa-rl-nian, s. m. pair- 
ing, matching, coupling, mating. 
APPARIER, a-pa-ria ; v. a. v. 3, 
to pair, to sort, to 'match. Appa- 
RiER, to pair, to couple, 
s AppARiER, V. r. V. 3, to couple, 

to pair. 
APPARITEUR, a-pa-rl-t^ur, s. 
m. apparitor, paritor, beadle. 
APPARITION, a-pa-ri-sion, s.f. 
apparition, appearance, appear- 
ing. Une cowrie — , a short stay. 
APPAROIR, a-pa-rwar, v. n. v. 
3), to appear, to be evident. 
APPARONNfi, E, adj. gauged, 
APPARTEMENT, a-part-man, 
5. m. an apartment, apartments, 
a lodging, drawing-room. 
nans, s.f. appurtenance, depen- 
dance, appendage, appendant. 
APPARTENANT, E, adj. v. be- 
longing, appertaining. 
lAppartermnt, grammarians are 
ndtuii.'niimousas to the use of this 
verbal adjective. Some say: une 
maison appaxtenant a, others une 
whison appartenante d.} 
APPARTENIR, a-part-nir; v. n. 
V. 21, to belong, to appertain, to 
relate, to concern. 
Appartenir, v. 21, to be related, 
to belong. 
Il Afpaktient, v. imp. v. 21, it 
becomes ; it is meet, nt ; it is the 
duty, office, province, business. 
APPARTENU, E, part, d' Appar- 
tenir; belonged, appertained, etc. 
APPARU, E, part. d'Apparailre, 
V. 59, appeared. 
APPAS, a-pi ; s. m. pi. charms, 
attractions, allurement, entice- 
APP At, a-pi, s. m. lail, attrac- 
tion, charm, allurement, entice- 
APPlTELER, a-p^t-la, v. u. v. 
73, to feed. 
APPATER, a-pa-td; v. a.' v. 3, 
to bait, to allure, to feed. 
APPAUME, a-p6-ma ; adj. (bl.) 
APPAUVRI, E, part, impover- 
APPAUVRIR, a-po-vrlr, v. a. v.4, 
to impoverish, to depauperate, to 
make poor, to beggar. 
s'Appauvrir, v. v. v. 4, to grow 
poor, lo be impoverished. 
vris-man, s. m. impoverishment; 
APPEAU, X, a-p6, s. m. a bird- 
call, quail-pipe, decoy, decoy- 
APPEL, S-pSl, s. m. appeal, ap- 
pealing, a call. — mihtaire, rofl- 
call, the call (of a. drum, etc.) 
BcMre V — . to beat the drum. 
Appel, levy, appeal orord'<ris- 

sued by government for the 
young men who have been 
drawn or balloted to join their 
colours. Appel, (fencing,) ap- 
peal. Appel, (finance^ call, 
J^aire un — de fonds, to make a 
call, a, demand for funds. Appel, 
a challenge. Appel, a cable 
growing. , . , 

APPELANT, E, ap-lan, lant, 
0(^'. appealing, (subst.) appellant, 
appealer. Se rendre appelanif 
to appeal. 
lAppdant follows the noun.] 
Appelant, .«. m decoy-bird.. 
APPELfi, E, part. d'Appekr; v. 
73, called. 
APPELER, ap-H ; v. a. v. 73, to 
call, to name, to title, to term. 
Appeler, (jur^) to call over. 
Appeler, to call, to give a call, 
to call to. — gudgu'un des yeux, 
to wink to one, to beckon one 
with the eyes. Appeler, lo call 
upon, to invoke. Appeler, to 
send for, to call for ; to invite, to 
call. Appeler, {ueZJa'an en daeZ, 
to challenge one, to send one a 
challenge. Appeler, to call for. 
Appeler, to summon one to ap- 
pear as a witness. 

Appeler, v. n. v. 73, to appeal. 
— comme d'ahus, to appeal from 
the ecclesiastical oourt to the 
civil. En —, to appeal. J'en 
appelle, I do not consent to it. 
11 en a appelle, {med.) he is re- 
covered. Appeler (mar.), Le 
c&Ue appelle de triiord, the cable 
grows on the starboard bow. 
Manoeuvre qui appelle de loin, a 
rope fastened at a great dis- 

s'Appeleb, k. r. v. 73, to be called, 
to call one's self 

APPELLATIF, a-pSl-la-tif, adj. 
(gram.) appellative, common. 

APPELLATION, a-pSl-la-siora, 
«. / Cj"'') appeal, appealing, 

*APPENDANT, E, adj. (bot.) ap- 

APPENDICE, ap-pinHiis, s. m. 
appendix, appendage. *Appen- 
DICE vermicTuaire ou vermiforme, 
(anat.) appendieula vermiftrmis. 

*APPENDICE, adj. (ent.) having 

*APPENDIC6S, adj.and 
(zoo.) an order of gymnogena. 

*APPENDICIFORME, adj (bot.) 
having the form of on appendix. 

*APPENDICULAIRE„at^-. (bot.) 
term applied to a primordial 
group of plants. 

*APPENDICULE, s. m. (200.) 
term applied to the spines, etc. 
of the asterias. 

*APPENDICULfi, adj. (bot.) pro- 
vided with appendages. 

*APPENDICUL]E;S, adj. and s. m. 

pi. (zoo., crust.) an order of infu- 
soria, also of Crustacea. 

*APPENDIGASTRE, <kJ;-. (eni.) 
term applied to thq evania. 

APPENDRE, a-pandr, v. a. v. 6, 
(said only of votive offerings,) to 
hangf on or up. to sU3per;d. i 

APPENTIS, a-pan-ti, s. m a 
shed, penthouse. 
APPENZEL, s. m. Appenzel. 
faculty of perceiving impres- 

♦APPERCEPTION, s.f. percep- 
APPERT, k-p&r, V. Apparoir. 
APPERTEMENT, adv. apertly. 
plainly, obviously, openly. 
APPi'/SANTIR, a-pl-zan-tlr; v. 
a. V. 4, to make heavy, to impair, 
to dull, to make dull. 
s'Appesantir, v. r. v. 4, to grow 
heavy and dull. s'Appesantir 
.'iur une chose, to descant on, to 
expatiate on, to insist too much. 
zan-tls-man, s. m. heaviness, 

APPETENCE, ap-pa-tans, s.f. 
appetence, appetency. 
APPETER, ap-pd-ta, j>.a.v.77, 
to desire, to covet, to be desirous 
of, to crave. 

APPE'TIBILITE, s.f. appetibili- 
ty, desire. 

APPETIBLE, adj. appetible, de- 

APPETISSANT, E, a-pa-ti-san, 
sant, adj. relishing, tbat provokes 
the appetite, that whets tlie. 
stomach, tempting; (fg.) templ- 
ing, delicious, desirable. 
[Aj^iUssant follows the noun.] 
APPETIT, a-pd-ti, s. m. appe- 
tite, natural desire, affection, in- 
clination. ApPETiT, appetite, 
stomach ; (fig.) it requires de ou 
pour. 11 est en—defonune, he has 
a desire to make his fortune. A 
V — de, for want of, for the sake 
of, saving. Vn cadet de haul — 
he is a sharp-set lad. Demeurer 
sur son — , to check one's taste 
and inclination. Appetit, whet, 
eatables which provoke the ap- 
petite, as red-herrings, horse- 
radish, etc. 

APP6TITI-F, VE, adj. appeti- 
APPETITION, a-pd-ti-sion, s.f. 

appetence, appetency. 
S'APPIETRIR. V. r. v. 4, to fade, 

to grow rusty, to lose lustre, to 

become deteriorated. 
APPLATJDIR, a-pl&-dlr; v.n. el 

a. v. 4, to applaud, to clap, to c^na 

the handsj to praise, lb commehtf 

to approve. 
s'Applaudir, v. t. v. 4, to applaud 

or praise one's self for, to triumph 

or glory .in (a thing), to admire. 

s'Applaudir, to congratulate 

one's self, to rejoice. 

dis-man, s. m. applause, public 

praise ; clapping ol hands; accla,- 

mation, plaudit. 
APPLAtJDISSEUR, s. m. (in a ' 

bad sense) applauder. 
APPLEBY, (England,) Applebv 
APPLICABLE, a-pli-kabl, adj 

applicable, to be applied, to ba; 

disposed of, or bestowed a% 



field, fig, via: 

r6be, r5b, I6rd, mdod, h5od, v5s, man: bftise, bit, brun. 

[AppKmUe governs a ; follows 

the noun.] 

'APPLICANT, adj. (ent.) wings 
lying parallel to the abdomen. 

*APPUCAT1F, adj. {hot.) leaves 
applied lace lo (ace. 

APPLlCATIOlN, a-pli-ka-siojj, 
s.f. application, applying, witb 
such words as nmajinte, etc., d is 
used. ApruoATioN, application, 
close study, sedulity, attention, 
care, diligence, vigilance, studi- 
ousness, study. 

APPLIQUE, a-plik, s.f. {arts and 
man.) added ornaments, inlay- 
ing, setting. Pieces d'appli^ue, 
(in cabinet malving) inlaid work, 
{t. of goldsmiths) whatever has 
a hinge or a groove. ApPLiauE, 
(in embroidery) appliquee. 

APPLIQUE, E, adj. part. d'Ap- 
pliquer, v. 3, applied, adaptea ; 
(.Jig.) intent, vigilant, attentive, 
sedulous, earnest. 

APPLIQUER, apli-*i, 7). a. v. 3, 
to apply, to stick, to put, to set, 
to lay one thing to another, to 
bring close. — Vassieite, (in gild- 
ing) to lay the composition. — un 
soufflet, to give a box on the ear. 
— un homme a la question^ to put 
a man on the rack. AppLiauJSR, 
to adapt, to fit. AppuauER, to 
apply to, to bestow on (any use.) 

B'ApPLiaUER, V. r. V. 3, to apply 
a thing to one's self, to lake it for 
one's self, to be applied to, to be 
applied to (a thing), to be bent 
on (a study), to apply one's self, 
to fall to, to set to, to take to, to 
labour at. 
APPOINT, ap-win, s. m. odd mo- 
ney, any sum remaining due in 
balance of an account. 
APPOINTE, E, part. d'Amointer, 
V. 3, referred, agreed, paid. Com- 
mis appoint^, a clerk with a sala- 
ry, oes devx hommes sont tou- 
jours appointis, those two men 
are always contrary to one an- 

Appoint^, suhst. Un — en droit d, 
mpftre (more usually ; Un ap- 
poinlement en droit a mettre) a 
regulation whereby the judge 
ordered the parties to deposit 
their documents at the bar. Ap- 
poi.NTE,appointee, lancecorporal. 
A P PO I N T E ME N T, a-pwint- 
man, s. m. (in this sense used 
only in the pi.) salary, allow- 
ance, stipend, wages. Appointe- 
MENT, a decree, order, rule, etc. 
(given by a judge upon a cause.) 
APPOINTER, a-pwi?j-ta, v. a. v. 
3, (jur.) 10 refer a cause. Ap- 
poiNTEii, lo put upon a salary, to 
give a salary. Appointer les 
iUyffes, to fold stuffs. Appointer 
un drop, to set cloth. Appointer 
(mtZ.) un homme d'une corvde, to 
appoint a man to some drudgery 
as a punishment. 
APPOINTEUR, s. m. reconciler 
of differences, peace-maker. Ap- 
poiNTEUR, a judge who puts off 
the hearing of a cause. 
APPORT, a-p6r, s. m. market, 
market-place. L'Apporl-Paris, 

the place du Clialelet at Paris. 
Apport, documents deposited. 
Apport, the chalteis personal of 
a husband. Apport, contribu- 
tion (of a partner.) 
APPORTAGE, s. m. carriage, 
porterage, portage. < 

APPORTER, a-p6r-ta, v. a. v. 3. 
lo bring, to bring up, to bring 
down. Apporter, to bring, to 
cause, lo procure, to occasion. 
Apporter, to bring, to bring in, 
to cite, to quote, to allege, to 
produce. Apporter, to use, to 
♦APPOSE, adj. (SoO in opposition. 
APPOSER, a-p&-zd, v. a. v. 3, to 
set, to put, to insert. 
APPOSITION, a-p6.zl-sIon, s./. 
setting, putting, inserting. Ap- 
position {pkys.) accretion. Ap- 
position {gram.) apposition. 
APPRECIABLE, a-pra-siabl, 
adj. des deux genres, appreciable, 
that may be estimated. 
[Appreciable follows the noiin.] 
APPRECIATEUR, a-pra-sl-a- 
t^ur, s. m. appraiser, valuer, es- 
teemer, rater. 

APPRECIATI-F, VE, adj. appre- 

[Appreciatif follows the noun.] 
APPRECIATION, a-pra-si-a- 
aion, s. f. appreciation; rating, 
valuation, estimation. 
APPRfiCIER. a-pra-si-a, v.a. v. 
3, to appraise, to set a ' price or 
value on, to value, to ratOj to es- 
timate, to appreciate, to esteem, 
to prize, to judge of the value. 
APPREHENDER, a-pra-an-da, 
V. a. V. 3, to apprehend, to be ap- 
prehensive of, to fear, to dread, 
to stand in fear of V. Ckaindre. 
Apprkhender (jur.) to appre- 
hend, to arrest, to lay hold on, lo 
seize, to take up. 
[Apprikender constantly follow- 
ed by the subjunctive. If appre- 
hensive of disappointment, the 
subjunctive is accompanied by ne 
pas : j'apprdhende iju^il n^arrive 
paSf 1 am apprehensive, afraid of 
his not coming. And this what- 
ever be the form of the principal 
proposition: je n'apprdhende pas 
qu'il n'arrive pas; apprd/iendeZ' 
vous quil n'arrive pas ? If appre- 
hensive of danger, the subjunc- 
tive takes ne only, should appri- 
kender ilself be neither interrog. 
nor riegat. Xapprdfiende qu'il ne 
vienne, I am apprehensive, afraid, 
of his coming. Should appri- 
kender be interi'og. or accompa- 
nied by any word or words equi- 
valent to a negative, the subjunc- 
tive takes neither ne nor ^a«. Doit- 
on apprikender qu'il arrive ? On 
apprmende peu. qu'il arrive. — Ap- 
prikendernegat. and interrog. at 
once requires ne: n'apprihendes!- 
vous pas qii'il ne vienne ? are you 
not apprehensive of his coming?] 
APPREHENSI-F, VE, adj. ap- 
prehensive, fearful, timorous, 
(little used.) 
APPREHENSION, a-pri-an- 

sion, s. /. apprehension, fear 

dread. V. AppreheN' 

sio.v (log.) apprehension, percep 

lion, conception. 
APPRENDRE, a-prandr, v. a. v 

62, to learn, to be apprised, told 

or informed.of; to hear of; lo un- 
derstand. Age d' — , school-days. 

AppRENDRE, to teach, to tell, to 

apprise, inform, or advise ofj to 

acquaint wilh, lo declare. 

[Apprendre governs a before an 
intin. Apprendre d. lire, d, icrixe. 
Acquiring Itnowledge governs de: 
apprendre quelque chose de quel- 
qu u7i,'Comiriunicating knowledge 
governs ^ ; apprendre quelque ckose 

a quelqy.'un.] 

APPRENTI, E, a-pran-tl, ,>. m. 
et f. apprentice, prentice. — cor- 
donnier, prentice to a shoemaker. 
Apprenti (Jam.\ novice, tyro, 
new-beginner, learner. 

APPRENTISSAGE, a-pran-ti- 
sas, s. m. apprenticeship, pren- 
ticeship, noviciate. Apprentis- 
SAGE, trial of one's skill. , 

*APPRESSE, adj. (bot.) close 
pressed to the stem. 

APPRfiT, 4-pr6, s. m. (in this 
sense used only in pi.) prepara- 
tion, preparative. ApprSt, the 
cooking.dressing, or seasoning (of 
meal). AppkiSt (.arts.) dressing, 
stiffening^ putting a gloss upon, 
gum. Uhapeau sans — , a hat 
without stiffening. Appr^t, 
painting upon glass. Appr^t 
[brosse a), strong and stiff brush. 
AppRfiT, {Jig.) stiffness, affecta- 

APPRfeTE, i-pr4t, s. /. a long 
narrow slice of bread (to eat with 
a soft-boiled egg). 

APPRE'TE, part. d'Appreler, v. 
3, prepared, dressed, stiffened, 
affected. Des jna-nieres appreties, 
stiff, unnatural and affected man- 
ners. Des carles apprUies, sortod 

APPRfiTER, a-pr6-ta, v. a. v. 3, 
to prepare, to make or get ready. 
— du cuir, to dress leather.— 4 
manger, to dress, to cook victuals. 
— & rire, to afford matter for 
laughter, to make one's self a 
[Appreter governs a before an 

inhnitive : appreter A diner.] 

s' Appreter, v. r. v. 3, to prepare 
one's self, to make or gel one's 
self ready. 

APPRfiTEUR, a-pr4-teur, s. m. 
a painter upon glass. 

AppRfii-EUR, s. m. iarts) one who 
prepares, dresses, or sliffens. 

APPRIME, adj. V. Appresse. 

APPRIS, E, part, d' Apprendre, v. 

62, learned, taughl, acquired, iiitn 
fl^ris, well trained up,well-bred. 
]^lal appris, ignorant or iil-brcd. 

APPRISE, 5. y. ijur.) appraising, 

APPWVOISEMENT, s. m. tarn- 

APPRIVOISER, a.pri-vw&.zd, 
V. a. v. 3, to tame, to make tame 









^bb, ov^r 





gentle or tractable, to make fa. 
miliar, familiarize. 

S'AppRivoisEB, V. r. V, 3, to grow 
familiar, to become familiarized. 
s'AppRivoisER, to grow tracta- 
ble, to be tamed, to grow tame. 

». m. APPROBATRICE, s.f. ap- 
prover, commender, praiser, ap- 

AtPBOBATEUR, adj. approving, ap- 
plauding, commendmg. 

APPROBATI-F, VE, a-pr6-ba- 
tif, tlv, adj. approving. 
rAg^rotei/ follows the noun.l 

APPROBATION, 4.pf5-ba-sioni 
». /. approbation, consent, ap- 

ba-tiv-man, adv. approvingly, 
with approbation. 
APPROCHANT, E, a-pr6-shan, 
shant, adj. v. something like, 
approaching, near allied, near 

[Approchunt, after the noun and 
(bllowed by de.] 

AppROCiiANT, pr^. (/am.) neary 

APPROCHE, a-pfSsh, s. /. ap- 
proach, approaching, coming 
nigh to, drawing near, access. 
Xies — s d'un si^e, the approaches 
(in a siege). Approche (in print- 
ing) approach. Lunelle d' — , a 
perspective-glass. Greffe en — ou 
par — (flgr.) graft by branching. 
APPROCHER, a-pr6-sha, v. a. v. 
3, to bring, put. or draw near; 
to bring, put, or draw close, to 
reconcile, to have access (to one). 
A PPROCHER, J), n. V. 3, to approach, 
to draw nigh or near, to come 
near. Approchek du but (Jig.) 
to come near the mark, to guess 
right within a little. Approcher, 
to approach, to be something like, 
to come near. 
s'AppROCHER, 11. r. V. 3, to ap- 
proach, to draw near, to come 
APPROFONDIR, a-pr6-fon-dlr, 
V. a. V. 4, to deepen, to make 
deeper, to dig more deep. Ap- 
PROFONDIR une malihe, to search 
into, to sift, to examine, to dive 
into the bottom of it, to explore, 
to fathom. 

digging, making deeper, exam- 
inmg, sifting, searching, investi- 
gation. (Obsolete.) 
APPROPRIANCE, s. /. (juT.) 
entry, act of taking possession. 
APPROPRIATION, a-pro-pri-J- 
sion, s. /. appropriation, usurpa- 
tion, appropriating, arrogating'to 
one's self Appropriation (chiri.) 
APPROPRIER, a-pr5-pri-a, v. a. 
V. 3, to accommodate, to adapt, 

t» fit, to suit. APPROPRIER, to 

clean, to make clean or neat, to 
fit, to fit up. 
b'Approprier, v. t. v. 3, to appro- 
priate a thing to one's self to 
usurp the property of a thing, to 
embezzle (money), to convert to 
one's own use. 

APPROUVER, arpr6o-vd, «. a. 
V. 3, to approve, to approve of, 
to consent to, to allow ; to like ; 
to ratify, to acknowledge. Ap- 
PROUVER, to give a sanction, to 
ratify, to authorize. 


fir6-vt-si6n-man, s. m. victual- 
ing, the supplying an army, etc. 
with all that is necessary. 
si6-na une places unejlotte,. etc., 
V. a. v. 3, to supply a place with 
all that is necessary for the sub- 
sistence of the troops ; to victual. 
sifl-n6ur, s. m. victualler, con- 
tractor ; (little used.) 
sl-ma-tif,tlv, adj. approximative. 
APPROXflMATlON, a-pr6k-si- 
ma-sion, s.f. (math.) approxima- 
by approximation. 
APPUI, a-p&l, s. m. a prop, a 
stay, a support, a leaning-stock. 
A hauteur a!'—, breast-high. Ap- 
pui de CToisde, window sill, — al- 
lege, eviddj balustrade. — d'esca- 
Her, rampe, hand-rail of a stair- 
case. Appui, support, help, in- 
terest, credit, countenance, back- 
ing, refuge, second, strength, 
protection. ATrci,(indn.)' Iln'a 
point d' — , he is tender in the 
mouth. Appi;i, (mec.) fulcrum, 

A l'Appui, he. prep, in support. 
Aller & V — de la boule, to play 
one's bowl in such a manner that 
it pushes one's partner's bowl 
near the jack. *Alkr d V — de la 
boule, to back a motioii, to se- 
cond it. 
ApptJi-MAiN, s. m. a painter's maul- 
stick, mostic, or leaning-stick. 
{Appui-miain ; plur. des appui- 

APRE, 4pr, adj. rough, harsh 
tart, sharp, brackish. Apre, hard, 
rough; rugged, uneven; biting 
cutting, nipping, bitter; severe, 
violent, fierce. Chauw—, lime 
made in winter-time. — uertu, aus- 
tere virtue. — courroux, bmet 
wrath. Esprit — , (Gr. gram.) 
the aspirate or spiritus asper of 
the Greek. Apre, (fig.) eager, 
greedy, fierce. — au gain, greedy 
of gam. — & se venger, eager for 
revenge. Un homme — ^ la curie, 
a man greedy of money, of place. 
Apre, (fig.) sharp, crabbed, pe'ev- 

APPULSE, adj. (ast.) term ap- 
plied to an eclipse. 

APPUYE, E, part. d'Appuyer, v. 
80. propped, supported, upheld. 

APPUYJER, i-p&i-yi, V. a. v. 80, 
to prop up, to stay, to shore; to 
support, to beat up, to hold up, 
to keep up, to buoy up. — le pis- 
tolet a qttelgu'un, to cliip a pistol 
to one's breast. — Viperon i un 
cheual, to spur a horse briskly. 
AppOYER, to set upon, to lean 
upon, to rest upon. Appuyer, to 
ground, to found ; to enforce, to 
corroborate ; to back, to strength- 
en. Appuyer, to back, to se- 
cond, to support, (0 stand by ; to 
favour, to countenance, to up- 
hold ; to defend, to protect. Ap- 
puyer les chiens, to cheer the 
hounds. Appuyer la botte, (in 
fencing,) to remain on the lunge 
after having hit. 

Appuyer, v. n. v. 80, to bear upon, 
to lean; to rest. Appuyer, to 
insist upon, to urge. 

s' Appuyer, v. r. v. 80, to lean, to 
lean upon ; to lie, to rest, to re- 
cline upon ; to confide in, to rely 
upon, to depend upon, to trust to. 

, ish, sulli 

\Apre may precede the noun: 
une apre rlprimande. See Ad- 


APRELE, s.f, (plant,) horse-tail. 
APREMENT, apr-man, adv. 
harshly, sharply, roughly, rigo- 
rously; severely, violently; pee- 
vishly, crabbedly ; eagerly, gree- 
dily, keenly, fiercely. 
\Apremeiit; after the verb, or be- 
tween the auxiliary and the verb.] 
APRES, a-prfe, prep, after, next 
to. Apres, about. On est — , it 
is a-doing. Je vais me metire — , I 
will set about it presently. Se 
meitre^uelqu'mi, to fall upon 
one. Ifattendrepas—^une chose, 
to be in a condition to do or to 
live without a thing. Apres 
coup, too late, when 3ie time or 
opportunity is over. Apres, 
next. — les anges, next to angels. 
— avoir chante, after having sung 
or after singing. (Fam.) — boire, 
— avoirbu, afterdrinliing. Apres, 
at, against. Crier— quelju'un, 
to scold at any body. 

Apres, adv. afterwards. Inconti- 
nent — , directly after. (In con- 
versation, interrogatively,) it 
vous a dit qu'it me connaissait; 
— ? he told you that ho knew 
me ; well ? 

Apres que, a-prfe-ke, corn, after 

ApRfes CELA, after that. 

ApRiss Quoi, and then, afterwards 

Apres tout, after all. 

ci-APRfts, adv. hereafter, in the 

d'Apres, prm. from, after, like. 
D' — natere, from life. D—cela 
that being the case. ' 

APRES-DEMAIN, adv. et s. the 
day after to-morrow. 

APRES-DINEE, s. / Apres- 
dIne ou APR*:s-DfNER, s. m 
after, dinner, afternoon. 

APRES-iMIDI, s.f afternoon 

APRES-SOUPEE, <!. /. Apres- 


the time between supper and 
going to bed, tke evening. 
APRETE, ipr-id, s.f harshness, 
tartness, brackishness, sharpness; 
roughness, ruggedness, uneven- 
ness; acrimony, suUenness, aspe- 
rity; rigour, violence, fierceness, 
seventy; eagerness, greediness 

01 the face. 


field, fig, vin : rdbe, r6b, 16rd, mood, h6od, vos, mo7i ; bifae, bfilj, bran. 

APSIDE, «./. (arch.) a sort of arch. 

(Rare in this sense.) Afside, 

apsis, (part of a churc) ) 
APSIDES, s. m. pi. (flsLi apsis ap- 

•APSYCHIE,s./. (jned.) extreme 

state of fainting. 
APTE, apt, 0^'. (jur.) apt, fit, 

proper, qualified. 
[Apie follows the noun.] 
•APrfiNODYTES, adj. et s. m. 

pi. (pm.) a fara. of birds. 
•APTERE,ap-t6r, s.m. (pit.) ap- 

tera. , 
*APTERES, adj. et s. m. pi. (bot, 

enVj without wings; also an or- 
der of insects. 
•APTERODICERES, adj. et s. m. 

pi ient.) insects without wings, 

and with two antennte. 
*AFrEROLOGIE, s.f. {ent.) trea- 
tise on apterous insects, 

•APTEROLOGIQUE, adj. (ent.) 

relating to apterous insects. 

•AFrEROLOGUE. s. m.{enU) one 

who treats on apterous insects. 

*APTERYGIENS, adj. el s. m. 

pi. (mol.) a section of mollusca. 

AFriTUDE, ap-ti-tud, s.f. apti- 
tude, aptness, disposition, readi- 
ness, wit ; fimess. 

APUREMENT, a-pilr-maii, s. m. 
the settling or balancing one's 

APURER, a-pii-ra, v. a. v. 3, to 
settle and close one's accounts. 
AruRER Vor, (gildings) to purify 
or clean gold. 

*APYETE, s. m. (med.) non-sup- 
purating tumour. 

•APYIQUE, adj. (med.) without 

*APYRE, a-pir, adj. (min.) apy- 
rous, (bot) glabrous. 

•APYRENE, adj. (hoi.) frait with- 
out seed. 

•APYREXIE, »./. (med.) apyrexy. 

AQUARELLE, a-koua-r61, s. /. 
a painting in water colours, aqua- 

AQUARIUS, s. m. (ast.) Aquarius. 

AQUA-TINTA, a-koua-tin-ta, 
». /. aquatinta. (The French 
sometimes say oquatiTite.) 

AQUATIQUE (a-kwa-tik) et se- 
lon quelques auteurs AaUATlLE, 
od;. aquatic, aquatile; growing, 
living, breeding in or about the 
water; marshy, watery, full of 
[Aquaiique constantly follows 

the noun m prose.] 

*AQUATIQUES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(n. h.) aquatic animals. 

AQUE, terminaison qui signifie 
poussert aiguillonner, agiter, em- 
porler, entrahier. 

AQUEDUC, ak-diik, «. m. an 
aqueduct, conduit. 

AQUEU-X, SE, a-i«u, Aeuz, adj. 
aqueous, watery, waterish, fiul 
of water, resembling water. 
[Aqueux after the noun.] 

•AQUIFERE, adj. containing 

•AQUIFOLIAC^ES, adj. el s. f. 
pi. (iot.) a tribe of celeslTineiE. 

*AQUIGENE, adj. (bot.) term 

applied to the Helotium. 
AQUILA-ALBA, (chim.) aquila- 

*AQUILARINEES, adj. et s. f. 

pi. (bat.) a lamily of plants. 
AQUIUN, a-ftl-lim, adj. JVe»— , 

a hawk-nose, hooked or aquiline 

nose, a Roman nose. 

[AquUin after the noun.] 
*AQUILINS, adj. (om.) 

a tribe of falconidas. 

AQUIIXJN, a-il-lon, s. m. north 

wind, northerly wind. 

AQUILONAIKE, adj. northerly, 

northern, boreal. 

*AQUIPARES, a^. fits. m. pi. 
(rep.) a division of batracii. 

AQUITAINE ou Guienne, »./. 

^AQUOSITE, adj. aqueousness. 

ARA, 4^-ra, s. m. (macaw,) ara 
or Aras. 

ARABE, a-rab, adj. et s. Arabian, 

ArA'Be; a covetous, griping, sor- 
did fellow ; a miser, a hunks, a 
cuimudg6on, a Jew. 
[Arabe Ibllows the noun.] 

ARABESQUE,, adj,. arabesque, 
(Arabesque Ibllows the nounJ 

ARABESQUES, a-ra-bfsk, W- 

,pl. arabesques, grotesques, mo- 
resques ; whimsical . ornaments 
(in painting.) 

•ARABIDfeES, adj. et s. f. pi. 
(bot.) a tribe of cruciferse. 

ARABIE, a-ra-bl, s.f. Arabia. 

*ARABINE, s.f. (chim.) the solu- 
ble part of gum arable. 

ARABIQUE, a-ra-bik, adj. Ara- 
bian, Arabic. 
[Ardbique follows the noun: 

used with gomme and golfe only.] 

*ARACA-MIRI, s. m. (shrub of 
Brazil,) araca-miri. 

ARACAN, s. m. (India,) Aracan. 

*ARACHIDE, s.f. (bot.) American 

*ARACHNEOLITES, s. /. (fos- 
sil,) arachneolites. 

*ARACHNIDES, adj. els. m. pi. 
(n. h.) a class of the animal king- 

*ARACHNITE. V. ArachnoI- 



et s. m. pi. (200.) a class of the 

animal kingdom. 
*ARACHNOiDE, adj. (anat.) a- 

*ARACHNOiDES, s. /. (armi.) 

arachnoides; one of the tunics 

of the eye. 
*ARACHNOiDIEN, adj. similar 

to a spider's web. 
*ARACHNOiDITE, s. /. (med.) 

inflammation of the arachnoid 

*ARACHN0L0GIE, s.f. treatise 

on spiders. 
*ARACHNOPHILE, adj. (bot.) 

term iipplied to the isaria. 
ARACK (a-rak) ou RACK, «. m. 

arack or rack ; a spirit distilled 

from the juice which flows by in- 
cision out of the cocoa-nut tree. 

ARAFAT ou Uarafat, «. m. 

(mountain near Mecca,) Arafat 

ou Haraiat. 

ARAGON, s. m. (Spain,) Aragon. 
ARAGONAIS, E, s. et adj. Ara- 

ARAIGNEE, a-rJ-gna, s, f. a 
spider. Toile d' — , cobweb, spi- 
der's web. JQes doigts d' — , aes 
pattes d'^—, long thin fingers. 
Toiled' — , a superfine thin lawn. 
Araignees, s.f. pi (mar ) crow- 
feet of the tops. *Araignee de 
MER, s. /. (crust.) sea-spider. 
*ARALIA, s.f. (plant,) aralia. 
*ARALI.ACEES, Aralies, adj. 
et s. f. pi. (bot.) a fam, of plants. 
ARAMBER, a-ran-ba, v. a. v. 3, 
. (mar.) to grapple. 
ARAjMER, ti. a. v. 3, to stretch 

cloth upon tenters. 
ARAMES, s. f. (t. of clothier,) 

*ARANEEN, adj. (med.) Aka- 

NEEDX, adj. (bot. et crust.) relating 

or similar to spiders or to spiders' 

web. ' c 

*ARANEIDES, adj. et s. f. pi 

(ent. et aracli.) a &m. of insects; 

also, of arachnides. ' ■ 

*ARANE:IFERE, adj. (bot.) term 

applied to the ophrys. 
*ARANEIF0RME, adj. (ent.) spi- 
*ARANEIF0RMES, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (mol.) a fam. of heteropoda, 
*ARANEOipES, adj. (ent.) a fam 

of apterous insects. 
*ARANEOLOGIE, s.f. (ent.) tresi 

tise on spiders, 
■•ARANEOLOGUE, s. m. a write» 

on spiders. 

ARANJUEZ, s. m. Aranjuez. 
ARANTELES, s.f. pi filanders. 

(mol.) patella. 
ARARA'PH, s. m. Ararat. 
*ARAS, s. m. erythiocyanus,. the 

large red and blue macaw. 
ARASEMENT, a-raz-mah, s.m. 

(carp.i) levelling, making even. 
ARASER; a-ra-za, ii. a. v. 3, to 

level a wall, a building, etc. ; to 

make it even. 
ARASES, s.f. pi. thin stones used 

for raising a layer of stones to the 

level of the plinth of a building. 

TAGNAM, s. m, humming-bird, 

*ARATICU, s.m. (tree of Brazil), 

ARATOIRE, adj. (agr.) aratory. 

[Aratoire follows the noun,] 
*ARAUCARlfiES, adj. et s.f.pL 

(bof.) a tribe of coniferas. 
ARBALESTRILLE, s.f. Jacob's 

staff, cross-stafli 

ARBALETE, ar-ba-lSt, (former- 
ly,) ARBALETRE, s.f. arbalet, 

cross-bow. — ^jalct, a stone-bow. 

trail d' — , a stone's throw. ■ 
ARBAL^TER, ir-ba-U-t£l,i). a. 

V. 77, (arih.) to stay, to bear or 

shore up with pieces of timber. 
ARBAL^TRIER, ar-bl-la-trU 


bir, bat, bsise, antique: thire, 4bb, ov^r.j^une, mSute, bfiurre, li^n: 

8. m. a crosa-bowman, an archer. 
ARBALftTRiERS, principal rafters. 

ARBALETRIERE d'une gaUre, 
s, f. platfonn or gangway of a 

•ARBENNE, s.f. (orn.) lagopus, 

ARBITRAGE, ar-bl-traz, s. m. 
arbitrage, arbitration, arbitre- 
meni, an umpire's decree frr sen- 
tence. AuBiTKAGE, (exchange,) 

ARBITRAIRE, ar-bl-tr4r, adj. 
arbitrary, arbitrarious, voluntaiy, 
left to a man's choice. L'ani- 
iraire, what is arbitraiy. 

[Arbitraire follows the noun in 

trJr-man, adv. arbitrarily, des- 
potically, in an overbearing 
[Arbitrairement follows the 

. verb.] 

ARBITRAL, E, ar-bi-tral, adj. 
arbitral. Jvgement — , an um- 
pire's decree or award, arbitre- 
[Arbitral follows the noun ; has 
no masculine plural.] 

ARMTRALEMENT, ar-bi-tral- 
man, adv. by arbitrators. 

AKBITRATEUR, ar-bl-tra-t«ur, 
s. m. (jur.) arbitrator. 

ARBITRATION, s. /. (jur.) ar- 
bitration, arbitrage. 

ARBITRE, ar-bitr, s. m. will. 
l£ Ubre — ou la liberti, the free- 
will. Arbitre, arbiter, arbitra- 
tor, umpire, referee. Arbitre, 
arbiter, master, sovereign dis- 

ARBITRER, v. a. v. 3, to arbi- 
trate, to decree, to regulate, to 
order, to adjudge by way of ar- 
bitration, to value, to estimate. 

ARBOLADE, s /. a sortof ragout. 

*ARBORE, adj. {bol. orn.) rela- 
tinff to trees. 

ARBORER, ar-b6-rd, v. a. v. 3, 
to put up, to hoist; {/^.) to Set 
up for, 

♦ARBORESCENCE, ». /. 0ot.) 

*ARBORESCENT,a47.(Jo.) tree- 
lilse, arborescent. 

*ARBORIFORME, &dj. ibo.) tree- 

•ARB0RIS.4TI0N, s. f. (inin.) 
tree-like appearance. 

ARBORISE, E, ar-bS-rl-za, adj. 
arborized, leaved, tufted. 

' \Arhorisi follows the noun.] 

•ARBOUSE, ar-b6oz, s.f. an ar- 
bute-berry, wilding. 

'ARBOUSIER, ar-b6o-zia, s. m. 

■an arbute or strawberry-tree. 

ARBRE, arbr, s. m. a tree. L' — 
de la croix, the cross. *Arbre 
de aire, myrica; conifire, coni- 
ferous tree ; de Judie ou de Ju- 
das, siliquastrum, Judas-tree ; de 
lafolie, arbor insanise, caranna 
hanelicoca ; laiteux, des Antilles, 
sideroxylum; de mille ans, v. 
Baobab; de Mo'ise, v. BuissoN 
ARDENT ; .du papier, paper-tree, 
guajaraba ; du pain, bread-tree ; 
aux pais, robinia pseudo-acacia, 

caragana ; atix savonneiies, v.Sa- 
VONNIER ; trisle, arbor tristis, 
pariatica ; aux iulipes, tulip-tree ; 
du vernis, avicennia, eastern an- 
acardiuni ; de vie, thuya, lignum 
vite, tree of life. ''Abbre de 
Diane ou arbre plnlosophique, 
ifihim.) Dianae arbor, arbor lunse, 
philosophical-tree. AK.BRE,beam, 
a piece of timber, shaft, spindle. 
i' — d'une lanteme, d'une vis 
d'imprimerie, the spindle of a 
trundle or lantern, of a printing- 
press. Arbre, (jriar.) mast of 
xebecks and galleys.— <?e mestre, 
mainmast of xebecks and gal- 
leys. — de trirtquet, foremast of 
xebecks and' galleys. 

ARBRISSEAU, X, ar-bri-s&, s. 
m. a small tree, shrub, tod. 

*ARBUSCULAIRE, adj. (n. h.) 
like a small tree. 

*ARBUSCULE, s. m. (Soi.) asmall 

ARBUSTE, ar-b6st,«.m.ashrub, 
a bush. 

*ARBUSTIF, adj. (bot.) planted 
near a tree. 

ARC, ark, s. m. a bow, a hand- 
bow. Arc de carrosse, the 
^eel or sweep-perch of a coach, 
HLne-neck. Arc, (arch.) arch. 
— en plein cintre, semicircular 
arch; fin anse de panier, a flat 
or elliptical arch. — droit, pour 
Zinteawa:, 'Straight arch; de oiais 
ou de cbti, oblique- or sloping 
arch ; en dicharge, a discharging 
arch ; d Venvers, a counterrarch ; 
doubleau ou qui saillit sur le 
creiix d'une voute, the chief arch 
of a vault ; en tiers-poiM ou go- 
thime, ogive, arch of the third 
and fourth point; de triomphe, 
triumphal arch. Arc, (geom.) 
arc, a segment or section of a 
circle. Arc, (mar.) cambering 
of a ship's deck or keel. Arc, 
a bow, an instrument used by 
shipwrights to draw on paper the 
sheers of the wales, &c. Arc 
d'une pi^ce de construction, com- 
pass of a piece of timber. Arc, 
a charcoal-burner's long-toothed 
iron rake. 

ARC-BOUTANT, ar-bfio-tan, s. 
m. arc boutant, abutment, arch- 
ed buttress, buttress, prop, shore, 
supporter. Arcs-boutants, (of a 
parasol,) stretchers. Arcs-bou- 
tants d'un train de carrosse, rods 
that serve to keep the main- 
braces of a coach in place. Arc- 
boutant, a ringleader, a sup- 
porter, a chief man in any busi- 
ness. Arc-eodtant, (mar.) spar, 
boom. — demisaine, foresail boom. 
Grand—, main-sail boom. Arcs- 
boutants, carlings. ' 

ARC-BOUTER, v. a. v. 3, to prop, 
to support. 

ARC-EN-CIEL, ar-kan-si^l, s. 
m. the rainbow, iris. 
[Arc-en-ciel, plur. arcs-en-ciel] 

*ARCACF,ES, adj. et s. f. pi. 

(mol.) a fam. of moUusca — also of 
conchifera, etc. 

ARCADE, a i-kad, s.f. an arcade, 

a range of arches,' a piazza. — 
renversie, a counter-arch. 

*ARCANE, s. 771. (cliim.) arcanum, 
red-chalk, ruddle. Arcanp; co- 
rallin, (in tinning) prepared suet, 
(for tinning). 

m. 'colophony, l-esin,' rosin. 

ARCASSE, s. f. (mar.) the but- 
tock of a ship, stern-frame. 

ARCEAU, X, s. m. arch, small 
arch, the arched part of a door 
or window. Arceau, ornament 
in sculpture resembling the tre- 
foil in form. "Arceab, (med.) 

1/" Anr'pTTT'p 

*ARCELLINES, adj. el s. m. pi. 
(zoo.) a tribe of polygastrica. 

*ARCENDOLOGIE, s. /. (bot.) 
treatise on the junioer. 

*ARCESTHIDE, s. y. (6o(.) fruit 
lilie that of the juniper. 

ARCHAISME, ar-ka-ism, >. m. 

ARCHAL, ar-shal, (du latin au- 
riclialcum), s. m. (only used with 

Jll.) Dujil d' — , brass-wire. 

ARCHANGE, ar-kanz, s. m. an 

ARCHE, arsh, s. /. arch. L'~ 
d'alliance, the ark of the cove- 
nant. — de Noi, (a shell), Noah's 
ark. £tre hors de V — , to be 
without the pale of the church. 

■►ARCHEE, s. /. (cUm., med.) ar- 


*ARCHEISME, s.f. archaeism. 
ARCHELET, s. m. drill-bow. 
*ARCH£L0GIE, s.f. treatise on 

the science of man. 
ARCHEOLOGIE, ar-kEl-6-15-2i, 

s.f. archeology. 

16-2ik, adj. archeological. 

ARCHfiOI/KJUE, ar-ka-6-16g, 
s. m. an archeologist. 

ARCHER, ar-shd, s. m. (mil.) ar- 
cher, bowman; (police.) archer, 
thief-taker, runner. Les — s du 
grand privet, the provost-mar- 
shal's guards. — s du guet, the 
watch or patrol of Paris. EUe 
est un franc — , she is a termagant. 

ARCHEROT, s. m. Cupid. 

ARCHET, kt-sM, s. m. a bow, 
a flddle-stick. Archet, the up- 
per part of a cradle, a sweating- 
cradle. Archet, turner's pole 
or bow, drill-bow. 

ARCHETYPE, ^r-ka-tip, s. m. 
et adj. archetype, original mo- 

ARCHEVfeCHE, arsh-vJ-shd, 
s. m. archbishopric, the arch- 
bishop's palace. 

ARCHEVEQUE, areh-v^'fc, .«. m. 
an archbishoj), metropolitan. 
Premier — , pnmat, primate. 

ARCHI, ar-shl, a greek word 
wliich means arch, great, chief; 
high.— -cJiambAtan, arch-cham- 
berlain; (/am.) most egregious, 

*ARCHIATRE, s.7n.(med.) chief 

ARCHIDIACONAT, s. m. arcb- 


field, fig, vin : r6be, rib, Ifird, mood, h6od, v&s, men: bise, bftt, bran. 

ARCHIDIACONfi, s. m. arch- 

ARCHIDIACRE, ar-shi-diakr, 
s. m. an archdeacon. 

ARCHIDUC, s. m. archduke. 

ARCHIDUCHE, 5. m. archduke- 
dom, archduchy. 

ARCHIDUCHKSSE, «. /. arch- 

pis-k6-pal, adj. archiepiscopal. 

ARCHIEPISCOPAT, s. m. archi- 

ARCHILOQUE, s. m. {mylh.) ar- 

living of an archmandrite, abbey. 

ARCraMANDRITE, s. m. arch- 

ARCHIMEDE, ar-shi-m4d, «.m. 

*ARCHIMIE. V. Alchimie. 

ARCHIPEL, ar-shi-pSl, «. m. 
(geog.) archipelago. 

ARCfflPOMPE, ar-shi-porap,s./. 
(jnar.) well, pump-well. 

shi-prSs-bi-ta-ri,aI, adj. arch- 
presbyterian, archpresbyterial. 

4RCHIPRETRE, ar-ahi-prfetr, 
s. m. archpriest, archpresbyter. 

s. m. Ihe jurisdiction or dignity 
of an archpriest. 

ARCHITECTE, ar-shi-t§kt, s. m. 
architect, master-builder,a build- 
ing surveyor. 

tfek-to-uik, adj. architectonic. 

Architectonkiue, s. f. archi- 

m. architeclonographer. 

/. architectonography. 

tek-to-ral, adj. architectural. 



tlr, .■?. f. architecture. Archi- 
tecture, structure, frame, ar- 

ARCHITIS, s.f. (Venus,) Arehitis. 

ARCHITRAVE, ar-shi-trav, s./. 
{arch.) architrave. 

s. 777. (antw.) steward. 

ARCHIVES, ar-shlv, s./. pi. ar- 
chives, records. 

ARCHIVIOLE, s.f. (mus.) celes- 

ARCHIVISTE, 5.r-chl-vist, s. m. 
archivist, the keeper of the re- 

ARCHIVOLTE, ». /. (areS.) ar- 
chivolt, archivault. 

ARCHONTAT, ar-kon-ta, s. m. 
archonship, the office of archon. 

ARCHONTE, ir-ko;it, s. m. ian- 
iiq.) archon. 

*ARCHORRHAGIE, s. f. (med.) 
profuse discharge from the rec- 

•ARCHORfeE, s./. (med.) passive 
intestinal hemorrhage. 

•ARCHOPTOSE, s. m. (med.) pro- 
lapsus of the rectum I 

*ARCHOSYRINX, s. /. (med.) 
fistula in ano — also a syringe. 

ARCHVRES, s.f. pi. drum, cas- 
ing, the woodwork round the 
mulstones of a flour-mill. 

AR^ON, ar-son, s. m. the saddle- 
bow. Perdreles — s, viderles — s, 
to be thrown out of the saddle, 
to fall off one's horse. Perdre 
les — s, to be at a loss. £tre 
ferme dans les — s, to sit firm on 
horseback, Se remeltre dans les 
— a, to recover one's stirrups. 
Pistolels d' — , horse-pistols. Ar- 
90N, (arts,) bow. 

ARCOT, 5. m. the scoria or dross 
of brass. 

s. /. (med.) contraciion of the 
rectum, &c. also, constipation. 

ARCTIER, s. m. bowyer, bow- 
maker, arrow-maker, (obsolete.) 

ARCTIQUE, ark-tik, adj. arctic, 

*ARCTO!VIYDES, adj. et s. 
(mam.) a family of mammalia. 

*ARCTOTIDEES, adj. et s.f. pi. 
(bot.) a tribe of synanfhera. 

*ARCTURE, adj. (tot.) term ap- 
plied to the Cdsia. 

ARCTURUS, s. m. (the star,) 

*ARCUATION, s./. (meA) cur- 
vature of the bones, 

*ARCYTHOPHYTE, s. m. (bot.) 
plants bearing fruit like the ju- 

ARD et ART, terminations ex- 
pres-sive of excess, ardour, pas- 
sion, difficulty, etc. 

ARDASSES, s.f. pi. (silk stuff,) 

ARDASSINES, s.f. pi (silk stufii) 

*ARDfilDES, adj. et s. 
a family of birds. 

ARDELION, s. m. ardelio, a 
busybody ; (fam. little used.) 

ARDEMMENT, ar-da-man,a(Zti. 

ardently, eagerly, passionately, 

vehemently, fervently, holly, 

keenly, (only fig.) 

\A.rdemm£vtt after the verb, or 

between the auxiliary and the 


ARDENT, E, ar-dan, dant, adj. 
hot, burning, hot, fiery, glowing. 
Chapelle — e, the room where a 
dead person lies in state, with 
lighted tapers round the corpse. 
Cliamhre — e, star-chamber. Ar- 
dent, burning, scorching. Ar- 
dent, ardent, fiery, violent, ve- 
hement, strenuous, forward, ea- 
ger, mettlesome, full of mettle, 
hot, zealous, hot-brained, hasty, 
passionate, quick, sanguine, fer- 
vent, fervid, earnest, greedy, 
keen. Ardent, rod. Amd — , 
reddish, sandy. Foil — , reddish 
or sandy hair, a red beard. 

Ardent ou Ravier, adj. (tnar.) 
griping in the steerage, or car- 
rying a weatherly helm. 
[Ardent may precede the noun 

when there is a striking analogy ; 

ardente soif ardenis transports. 

See Adjectip.] 


Ardent, s..m. igriis fatuus, will' 
o'-the-wisp,jacK-o'-lantern, jack- 
lantern. *Ardent (ouplalbl Ar- 
dants,) (med.) ardentes. 

ARDER. V.Abdre. 

ARDEUR, ar-d6ur, s. /. ardour, 
heat, burning heat. Ardeur, 
ardour, ardency, warmth, fer- 
vency, heat, eagerness, fieriness, 
spirit, mettle, fervour, alacrity, 
earnestness, zeal, forwardness, 
strcnuousness, passion, love, pas- 
sionateness, greediness, keen' 

ARDILLON, ar-dl-Zon, s. m. tho 
tongue (of a buckle.) 

*ARDISIACEES, adj. et 
(bot.) a family of plants. 

*ARDISIEES, adj. el (hoi.) 
a family of plants. 

ARDOISE, ar-dwiz, s. /. slate. 
Carrihe d' — ,. a slate-quarry. 
Goumeur en — , a slater. Crayon 
d' — , slate-pencil. 

*ARDOISE, K,ddj. slate-coloured. 

ARDOISIER, s.m. a workman m 
a slate-quarry. 

*ARDOISIER, E,doj.(geoZJ slaty, 

ARDOISIERE, ar-dwi-zi6r, s.f. 
a slate-quarry. 

ARDRE V. a. v. 69, ou ARDER, v. 
a. V. 84, to bum, (old, used in 
the phrase) : Que le feu de saint 
Antoine Us arde, pox take *era, 
pox on 'em. 

ARDU, E, adj. arduous, hard, dif- 

ARE, kr, s. m. an are. (A new 
French superficial measure.) 

ARfeAGE, s.f. surveying. 

*AREC, a-rSk, s. m. (Sot.) areca. 

*AR£CINE, s.f. (chim.) colouring 
matter of the areca catechu. 

*AR£CINfeES, adj. et (bot.) 
tribe of palmie. 

*ARfiFACTION, s. f. (chim.) de- 

*ARENAC£, adj. (71. A.) sandy. 

*ARfiNAC£ES, adj. (geol.) term 
applied to a group of rocks. 

(geol.) sand cemented by calca- 
reous infiltration. 

*ARENAIRE, adj. relat. to sand. 

*AR6NATI0N, s. /. (med.) are- 
nation, immersion of the body in 
heated sand. 

ARENE, a-rSn, a./. sand, gravel. 
AriSne, arena. Vescendre dans 
V — , sur V — , to enter the lists. 

*ARfeNER, V. n. v. 77, (arch.) to 
sink, to settle. 

ARfeNEU-X, SE, a-rS-nSu.neuz, 
adj. sandy, (old.) 

*AR£NIC0LE, adj. (n. h.) living 
among sand. 

*ARENICOLES, adj.. et s. m. pi. 
(n. h.) a family of chetopoda, also 
a section of scarabieides. 

"ARENICOLIENS, adj. et s. m 

pi. (annet.) a family of annelides, 

*ARfiNIFERE, adj. (n. A.) cop. 
taining sand. 





bir, bat, bdee, 



^bb, OT^r.j^une 




*AR6NIF0RME, adj. {min.) re- 
sembling sand. 

►ARfiNULACfe, o^i. (n. h.) term 
applied to certain minute worms 
resembling grains of sand. 
*AR£:0LAIRE, adj. areolar. 
* A REOLE, adj. having an areolar 

*AR£OLE, s.f. (ana.) areola. 
ARfeOMETRE, s. m. (phys.) areo- 

AREOPAGE, a-ra-6-pas, ». m. 
iantiq.) Areopagus. Areopage 
Uig-) court, bar, tribunal. C'est 
un — , 'tis a respectable company. 
AREOPAGXTE, a-ra-6-pa-zit, s. 
m. areopagite. 

ARfeOSTYLE, s. m. (arc/i.) ara- 

AREOTECTONIQUE, >./. (.mil.) 

*AREOTIQUE, s. m. (med.) are- 

*ARfeQUIER, s. m. cachou, 
drunken date-tree. 

ARER, a-ra, v. n. v. 3, (mar.) to i 
drag the anchors; 

»ARERE, ». m. shaft of a mill- 

ARETE, a-r4t, s. f. fish-bone. 
Ar^te (hot.) awn, beard, prickle. 
Ar^te (arts) angle or edge. Vive 
— , square edge. Voiite d' — . V. 
VouTE. Ar^te, the ridge of a 
Bwprd blade. — d'assiette ou de 
plot (t. of pewterer), the edge of 
a plate or dish towards the bot- 
tom. AriStes (in a horse), arrests, 
scratches, mangy tumours. 

'ARfiTHUSfeES, 04?. et s.f. pi. 
(hot.) a tribe of orchideSB. - 

ARETIER, s. m. (carpentry), hip, 

ARETIERES, s.f. pi. pointing. 

ARGALt. V. iVFouf LON. 

*ARGAN, s. m. (tot.) genus of hi- 

ARGANEAU, X, arga-n6, s. m 
(mar.) ring-bolt, anchor-ring. 

*ARGEMON, s. m. (med.) white 
ulcer of the cornea. • 

*ARGfi;MONE ou Pavot in- 
NEux, s. m. argemone, thorny 
Mexican poppy. 

AHGENT, ar-2an, s. m. silver.— 
en lame, baUu, white tinsel ; trait 
ou fd d'argcTit, silver wire ; JUi 
ou fiU d'argenl, spun-silver j 
liacM, plated copper ; en coquUle, 
shell silver ; de mosaique, mosaic 
silver, powder silver; vemi ou 
dori, silver gilt; Jin, fumi, a la 
mode, smoked silver; affind ou 
,^laird, refined silver ; de coupeUe, 
fine silver; — vif ou vif-argent, 
quicksilver, mercury. FtamBeaux 
d'~, silver candlesticks. Vais- 
selle d' — , plate, silver-plate. Ar- 
gent (in this sense no pi.) money, 
coin, silver, cash. — mignon, spare 
money, pocket money. — comp- 
tanl, ready money. Un bourreau 
•d'argenl, a spendthrift. Avoir 
del- frais, to have just receiv- 
ed money. B est lout cousu d'—, 

he rolls in riches. Argent (hi.) 

argent, pearl, luna. 
♦ARGENT AL, adj.. (min.) metal 

combined with metallic silver. 
*ARGENTATE, s. m. (ehim.) salt 

formed of ammonia and oxide of 

*ARGENT-DE-CHAT,s.»B. mica, 

ARGENTE, E, part, d'argenter, 

v. 3, plated, silvered over, (Jig.) 

silvery, silver,, snowy. 
ARGENTER, ar-zan-ta, v. a. v. 

3, to silver over, to plate or to do 

over with silver, 
ARGENTERIE, ar^sant-rl, s.f. 

plate, silver-plate. 
ARGENTEUR, ar-2an-tSar, s. 

m. plater, one who silvers or 

plates metal, wood, etc. 
ARGENTEU-X, SE, ar-zan-tSu, 

teuz, adj. moneyed, full of mo- 
ney, (pop.) 

adj. Argentico-Calcique, adj. 


co-STBOiiTiauE, adj. (chim.) dou- 
ble salts formed by combining 
salts of silver with salts of ammo- 
nia, lime, etc. 

ARGENTIER, ar-zan-tia, s. m. 
a steward. Argentier, minister 
of finance, silversmith. (The last 

*ARGENTIFERE, adj. (min.) 
containing silver. 

ARGENTIN, E, ar-2an-tin, tin, 

adj. of a clear sound, like that of 

silver ; silver-coloured, bright, 

clear as silver. 

[Argentin constantly follows the 

noun in prose.] 

♦ARGENTINE, s. /. the silver- 
weed, wild tansy. 

*ARGENTIQUE, (oxide) adj. 
(chim.) oxide of silver. 

adj. (chim.) a peculiar acid. 

*ARGENTUR£ (acide), ad), 
(chim.) a peculiar acid. 

ARGENTURE, ar-2an-tflr, ^. /. 
silver-leaf,: silver-plating. 

♦;'. (geol.) relating 
to clay. 

ARGILE, ar-zil, ». /. clay, pot- 
ter's clay, argil. Fond d'argik 
(mar.) clayey ground. 

ARGILEU-X, SE, ar-<jl-16u, leuz, 
adj. clayey, full of clay, clayish, 
argillous, argillaceous. 
(Argileux follows the noun.l 

*ARGILICOLE, adj. (n. A.) living 
in clay , 

ARGILIERE, s.f. clay-pit. 

*ARGILIF6RE, adj. (geol.) con- 
taining clay. 

*ARGILIF0RME, adj (n. A.) re- 
sembling clay. 

(^coZ.) containing clay and oxidfe 
of iron. 

*ARGILO-GYPSEUX, adj. (geol.) 
conlaininS"Clay and gypsum. 

•ARGILOlDE, adj: (geol.) resem- 
bling clay. 

*ARGILOLITHIQUE, adj. (geol.) 
farmed of indurated clay. 

*ARGIL0-SABLEUX,a4?. (geol.y 
term applied to a group of rocks. 
(geol.) formed of clay and sand. 
_ (geol.) clay containing turf, 
ARGO, s. m. (myth.) Argu, 
Argo, «. m. (astr.) Argo. 
*ARGOLIDES, adj: et s. m. pi 
(<Tiist.) a family of entomostraca, 
*ARGONAUTAC feES, adj. et s. 
f-pl. (mol.) a family of shells. 
ARGONAUTES, s m. pi. (myth.) 
Argonauts. *Argonaute (mol.) 
argonauta, nautilus, 
ARGOT, ar-g&, s. m. cant, cant- 
words, proifessional slang, slang.' 
Argot, the stub of a branch, 
above the eye or bud. 
ARGOTER, V. a. v. 3, to cut the 
stub of a tree above the eye, 
ARGOULET, s. m. argoulet, a 
sort of French trooper ; (Jig.) a, 
scotindrel, a paltry fellow. (Ettle 
ARGOUSIN, ar-g6o-zire, s. m. an 
inferior officer in the galleys 01 
ARGUE, arg, »./. a pjate (to wire- 
draw gold). 
ARGUER, Ki-gii-&, v. a. v. 84, to 
reprove, to accuse, to find fault 
with, to argue, to conclude, to 

ARGUMENT, ar^il-man, s. m. 
argument, reasoning. Argument, 
conjecture, evidence, proof, rea- 
son. Argument, argument, 
theme, subject. 

ARGUMENTANT, ar-^ft-man- 
tan, X. m~ opponent, disputant. 
man-ta-tfeur, s. m. arguer. His- 
puter, wrangler. 
man-ta-sion, s.f. argumentation, 
arguing, reasoning. 
ARGUMENTER, kr-gt-mia-ti, 
V. 71. V. 3, to argue, to bring in' 
arguments, to prove by argu- 
ments, to reason, to discourse, to 
ratiocinate, to infer, to conclude, 
to argue. 
ARGUS, ar-gfis, s. m. (myth.) Ar- 
gus; (Jig.) an Argus, one that 
IS suspiciously vigilant, very 
quick-sighted. Argus (oni. ent. 
mol.) argus. 

ARGUTIE, ir-gi-sl, s./ a cavil, 
cavilling, quirk, quibble. 
*ARGYNN£, s. m.(ent.) genus of 
*ARGYRANTHEME, adj. (bot.) 
having brilliant white flowers. 

*ARGYREE, s. m. (erU.) genus of 

♦ARGYRIDES, s. m. pi. (min.) a 

family of minerals, 
*ARGYROCEPHALE, adj. (n. h.) 

having a head of a silver-white,' 
*ARG YROCOME, s.f. (hot) genua 

of plants. 
♦ARGYRODAMAS, s. m. (kind 

of talc,) argyrodamas. 
ARGYROPJSE, s. /. (syn. with' 

alchimy) argyropoeia. 


field, fig, vin: r6be, r5b, l<5rd, m6od, h6od, v&s,, mon: bftse, bit, bran. 


h.) having silver-white eyes. 
•ARGYROPHYLLE, adj. (fiot.) 

having leaves covered with thick 

white down. 

*ARGYROPYGE, adj. (pit.) hav- 
ing the extremity of the abdomen 

*ARGYROSTIGME, adj. (hot.) 

having flowers marked with 

white spots. 
•ARGYROSTOME, adj. (n. h.) 

having a mouth silver^white. 
*ARH1ZE, adj. (fiot.) without root. 
»ARHIZOBLASTE, adj. (fiot.) em- 

bryos without roots. 
•ARHYTHOME, adj. (med.) ir- 

regular. ■ 

ARIADNE, «./. (list.) Ariadhe. 
ARIANISME, a-ri-a-nlsm, s. m. 

*ARICIENS, adj. et s. m. pi. 

(annel.) a iara. of annelides. 
♦ARICINE, s.f. (chim.) a peculiar 

salifiable base. 
*ARICIN£S, adj. et s. m. pi (ent.) 

a tribe of myodaria. 
ARIDE, a-rld, adj. arid, dry, 

[Aride follows the noun, may 

precede it in a figurative sense.] 
•ARIDIFOLIfiES, adj. et s. 

(bot.) a class of plants. 
ARIDITE, a-ri-di-ta, s. /. aridi- 
ty, dryness, barreimess, unfruit- 

*ARIDURE, «. /. (mod.) ardura, 

dryness, hectic fever. (Old.) 
ARIEN, NE. k-iiin, in, adj. et 

suhst. Arian. 

ARIES, s. m. (ast.) Aries, the Ram. 
ARIETTE, a.-il4t, s. f. (mus.) 


ARIGOT, «. m. fife. 
*ARILLAIRE, adj. (bm.) term ap- 
plied to the tunic of certain pas- 

•ARILLE, s. m. (hot.) tunic. 
'ARILLE, E, adj. (tot.) tunicate. 
A RISER, Arisseb. V. Riser et 


ARISTARQUE, a-ris-tarfc, s. m. 

Aristarchus, hypercritic. 
•ARISTE, E, adj.(hot.ent. ich.) ari- 

state, bearded, with bristles or 

ARISTOCRATE, a-ris-t6-krat, 

5. m. etf. aristocrat ; (adj) aristo- 

ARISTO'CRATIE, a-ris-t6.kra^l 

sj. aristocracy. 

kr^-tik, adj. aristocratic, aristo- 

[Aristocratique generally follows 
the noun.l 

ris-tfl-liri-tik-man, adv. aristo- 
[Aristocraliquement follows the 



»ARISTOLOCHE, s.f. birth-wort, 


*AR1ST0L0CHES, Aristolo- 
CHiiiEs, adj. el a. f. pi. (fiot.) a 
family of plants. 

ARISTOTfiUCIEN, NE, adj. et 
s. m. aristotelian, peripatetic. 

ARISTOTELISME, s. m. aristo- 
telianism, the aristotelian philo- 

*ARISTUL£, E, adj.(hot.) slightly 

ARITHMETICIEN, a-ritma-tl- 
si£n, s.m. arithmetician. 

s.f. arithmetic, accounts. 

Arithm^tique, adj. arithmetical. 


ma-tik-man, adv. arithmetically. 

[Arithmiiiipiemeni follows the 

verb.] ' 

ARITHMOMANCIEi «. /. arith- 

ARLEQtJIN, arl-Hn, s. m. harle- 

*ARLEauiN DORS, s:m. (ent.) chry- 

ARLEQUINADE, arl-il-nad, s. 
f. harlequinade, harlequin's trick 
or joke, Tjufibonery. 

■^ARLEQUINE, Ejadj.(nJi:) party- 

ARLES, s. m. (France) Aries. 

ARLET, ar-la, s. m. arlet, Indian 

ARMADILLE, ar-ma-dH, ». /. 
(Spanish fleet) armadilla. 

*ARMADILLE ou Tatou, s. m. 
(mam.) armadillo. 

ARMAGNAC, Armagnac. 

ARMAND, s. m. mash, drink, 
drench (for horses). 

ARMATEUR, ar4na-t4ur, s. m. 
a merchant that flts out a ship of 
war or a trading vessel, owner 
of a privateer, shipowner, a 
privateer, the captain of a priva- 

ARMATURE, s.f. iron bars, belts, 
etc. used to £istcn timber-work, 

ARME, arm, «./. an arm, a wea- 
pon. — ct feu, a fire-arm, a gun. 
Menues — s, small arms. — s blan- 
ches, the sword, the bayonet, etc. 
Haules — s, the pike, the lance, 
the halberd, and the two-handed 

Les Armes, 'fencing. Une salle 
d' — s, a fencing-school. Faire 
des — s, ' tirer des-—s, to fence. 
Avoir lea^s belles, to fence gen- 
teelly. Homme d' — s, a horseman 
armed cap-a-pie. Capitaine d' — s, 
(mar.) armourer. Salle d' — s, 
armoury. Place (Z' — s, the exer- 
cise ground. Port d' — s, cturrying 
arms, a game certificate, carry 
arms. En venir aux — s, to begm 
the war. Rendre les — s, to lay 
down arms. Passer par les — s, 
to shoot. Suspension d' — s, ar- 
mistice, trhie, a cessation of hos- 
tilities, armistice, truce. Les — s 
sont joumalihes, the fortune of 
war is uncertain, Aumes, arms, 
weapons defence, arguments, 
Armes (bl.) arms, coat of arms, 
armories, achievement. — s par- 
lantes, canting arms. I 

ARME, E, part. d'Armer, v. 3, 
armed, equipped, mailed. Vats- 
seau armien guerre ou eji course, 
a ship fitted but as a cruiser or 
privateer, fitted for war, a priva- 
teer, a cruiser. A main armie, 
adv. armed, in arms, with open 
force, by fijrce of arms, 

ARM£E, ar-ma, s.f. army, force, 
troops, host, 

*ARMEES, adj. et s. f. pi. (mol.) 
a tribe of ammoness. 

ARMEUNE, s.f ermine. 

ARMEMENT, s. m. armament, 
arming, raisingof forces, warlilio 

ARMENIE, s.f. Armenia. 

ARMENIEN, NE, s. et adj. Ar- 

*ARMfiNIENNE, s.f. turquoise, 
lapis Armenix, Armenian stone. 

*ARMENISTAIRE&, s. /. the 

*ARMENTAIRES, adj. (ent.) « 
section of muscidse. 

ARMER, ar-md, v.a. v. -3, to arm, 
to fiimish with arms; (poet.) to 
mail, to harness. — un vaisseau 
pour dller en course, to fit out a 
vessel to cruise, to privateer. — 
en Jlute, to use is a store-ship. — 
une prise, to man a prize.— M?i 
fusil, to cook a gun, — une bdtte- 
rie, to mount a battery, — une 
place de guerre, to line Us ram- 
parts with cannon, Armer, to 
arm, to cause to take up arms, 
Armer, to arm, to raise forces, 
to make preparations for war, 
Armer, to strengthen, to bind, 
Armer les avirons (mar.) to ship 
the oars ,■ les canons, to load and 
prepare the guns ; le cabestan, to 
rig the capstem. — sur un vais- 
seau, to embark as one of the 

b'Armer, v. r. V. 3, to arm one's 
self, to take up arms, to put on 
one's arms, to put on, to fortify, 
to protect, to secure one's self 
against a_ thing. s'.4rmer, mm 
cheval qui s'arme, qui s'arme de 
son mors, a horse that arms or 
defends himself, that bends his 
neck so as to rest the branches 
of the bridle upoii his brisket. 

*ARM£RIACEES, s.f. pi. 
(fiot.) a fam. of plants. 

ARMET, kx-rai, s. m. a helmet, 
h?ad-piece (of knights errant). 

*ARMICEPS, adj. et s.m. pi. (ich.) 
tribe of clupeida;. 

*ARMIGENES, adj. el s. m. pi 
(ich.) a fam. of fishes. 

ARMIGERE, adj. (mol.) applied 
to a purpura; (om.) to an aquila. 

ARMILLAIRE, ar-mil-16r, adj. 
(ast.) armiUaty. 

*ARMILLE, adj. (n. h.) having a 
band of a colour different from 
that of the body. 
ARMILLES. V. Anneleto. 
ARMINIANISME, ar-mi-nia 

nlsm, s. m. Arminianism. 
ARMINIEN, NE, ar-mi-ni6n 

adj. et aubst. Arminian, rernoii 






b6r, bat, base, 

antique : 

thiie, kb]}, ov^r, jeune 

rafiute, bfeurre. 


•ARMIPEDE, adj. having spinous 

ARMISTICE, ar-mis-tis, s. m. 
armistice, truce, suspension of 

ARMOGAN, s. m. (niar.) the sea- 
son for navigation, 

ARMOIRE, ar-mwar, s.f. cup- 
board; wardrobe, press. 

ARMOIRIES, ar-rawa-ri, 
(U.) ; a coat of arms, armories, 
arms, bearings, achievement. 

ARMOISE, s.f. mugwort. 

ARMOrSIN, s. m. sarcenet. ■ 

ARMON, s. m. furchel fof a 

ARM0RIAL,ar-m6-ri-al, s. m. a 
book of armory, heraldry; the 

ARMORIER, ar-m6-ri-a, v. a. 
V. 3, to set, put or paint a coat 
of arms upon any thmg. 

ARMORIQtJE, ii-mb-iik, adj. ei 
s. f. armoric, maritime, (jef^.) 

ARMORiauE, s. m. ou, Bas-Breion, 
the Armoric (a dialect of the 

ARMORISTE, ar-m5-rist, s. m. 
armorist, herald, blazoner. 

ARMURE, ar-mftr, s.f. armour; 
(poet.) harness. Gorgerin d' — , 
neck-piece of a suit of armour. — 
•".omplcte, panoply, complete ar- 
mour. l'Ar.muiie d'une pierre 
d'aimanU the arming, capping 
and casing a loadstone. L! — 
d'une rame de papier, the wrap- 
per. AuMURE {Tna.) armure d'un 
bau, the middle piece of a beam, 
when made of three pieces. — 
d'un mat, the side-pieces of a 

ARMURIER, ar-mCi-rH, ». m. 
armourer, a gimsmith. 

*ARMUS, s. m. (orn.) a bird's 

(plant.) arnica, doronicum. 

*ARNICINE, s.f. (nhim.) a resin 
found in the arnica montana. 

*ARNIQUE, s.f. (hot.) a genus 
in botany. 

ARNO, s. m. (river of Italy) Arno. 

*AROiDES, AroIdkes, adj. et 
s.f. a family of plants. 

*AROLE DES ALFES, s. m. the Al- 
pine pine. 

•ARONIE, s.f. (bot.) genus of 

AROMATE, a-rft-mat, ». m. aro- 

AROMATIQUE, a-r6-ma-tik, 

■ adj. aromatic, aromatical, spicy, 
fragrant, sweet-smelling. 

AROMATISATION, s.f. (pharm.) 

AROMATISER, a-r6-ma-ti-zd, 
V. a. V. 3, to aromatize* 

AROMATITE, s.f. (precious 
stone, etc.) aromatitis. 

AR6ME, a-rfim, s. m. aroma. 

ARONDE, i-rond, s.f. queue d' — 
(carpent.) adove-tail or swallow- 
tail. Aronde, (n. h.) avicula 
hirundinea; swallow-fish. 

ARONDELAT, s. m. young swal- 

ARONDELLES de mer, s.f. pi. 

a general name for small vessels, 
as brigs, etc. 

AROW-ROOT, s. m. arrow-root. 

ARPAILLEUR. s.m.^oldsearcher. 

«. m. (mus.) arpeggianiento, ar- 

ARPfiGER, V. n. v. 77 et 79, to 

ARPENT, ar-pan, s. m. an acre; 
also, a large saw. 

ARPENTAGE, ar-pan-lSiz, s. m. 
surveying of lands, survey, mea- 
surement, land-surveying. 

A RPENTER, 5, r-pa n-ta , «. a. v. 3, 
to survey, to measure lands. 

Arpenter, to run, to stride, to 
walk at a great pace. 

ARPENTEUR, ar-pan-tSur, s.m. 
a land-surveyor. 

ARPENTEUSE, adj. et s.f. (erd.) 

ARQUE, E. adj. bent, crooked. 

ARQUEBUSADE, arfc-b£i-zad, 
s.f. the shot of an aiquebuse or 

ARQUEBUSE, ark-biz, s.f. an 
arquebuse, a hand-gun. — <J croc, 
wall-gun.— ij vent, air-gun. — 
ray^, a rifle. 

ARQUEBUSER, ark-bii-zsl, v. a. 
V. 3, to shoot, to kill with the 
shot of a hand-gun or any fire- 
arm, (old.) 

ARQUEBUSERIE, ark-biz-rl, 
s.f. the business of a gimsmith. 

ARQUEBUSIER, ark-bu-zia, s. 
771. arquebusier, musketeer; an 
armourer, a gunsmith. 

ARQUER, kt-ki, v. n. v. 3, to 
bend, to be bent, curved or 

Arquer, s'Arquer, v. 71. et r. v. 3, 
(mar.) to become broken-backed, 
hogged, or cambered; to droop 
at stem and stern. 

ARRACHEIVIENT, a-rash-man, 
s. m. pulling up or out, grubbing 
up, rooting up or out, clearing 
away. Arrachement, (arch.) 
toothing ; also the first voussoirs 
or arch-stones. 

D'ARRACHE-PIED, da-rash- 
pia, m^jj. without discontinuance, 
without intermission, togetlier. 

ARRACHER, a-ra-shd, v. a. v. 3, 
to gel, to force, to fetch away, 
out, from, out of, away from, off, 
up, down, asunder; to pull, to 
draw away, etc.; to pluck, to 
lug asunder, away, etc. ; to snatch 
away, etc. ; to drag, etc. ; to tear, 
to rip away, etc. ; to cut, to pick 
away, etc.; to wrest, to wring 
away, etc.; to pinch, to nip, to 
press away, etc. ; to beat out, to 
strike out ; to grub up, to root up 
or out, to pluck up or out, to lug 
up or out. — un secret, to got or to 
extort a secret; (fam.) to pump 
it out of him. — le cceur, a quelqu- 
*un, to tear out one's heart. — 
sa vie, to have much ado to keep 
body and soul together. 

s'Arracher, v. r. v. 3, elle s'arra- 
cha les cheveux, she tore her hair. 
[Arracher. when it signifies pull- 
ing, taking away, or separating one 

thing from another by force, is fol- 

lowed by the preposition de: arra 
cher un clou d'une muraiUej and 
this is the case whether in prose 
or poetry. Wherever the person is 
the real object of violence, where 
bodily or mental sufiering is in- 
flicted, a is the appropriate pre- 
position: arracher un ail. A, une 
personne. The same preposition 
is used where violence is employ- 
ed with a view to save one : arra- 
cher quelqu'un d la mort. 
ARRACHEUR, a-ra-sh6ur, s. m. 
(applied only to teeth and corns 
and quacks who remove them.) 
— de dents, a tooth-drawer. — dft 
cors, corn-cutter. 

ARRACIIEUSE, s. f. a. work- 
woman that plucks the fur ofl° 
beaver skins. 
ARRACHIS, s, m. the fraudulent 
rooting up of young trees; (bl.) 
young trees erased or arrachee. 
*ARRAGONITE, s. 77!. (771177.) arra- 
ARRAISONNER. quelqu'un, 
b'Arraisonmer avec quelqu'un, 
V. a. et r. v. 3, to argue the case, 
to reason with one. 
ARRAMER, d. a. v. 3, to stretch 

ARRANGE, part, d' Arranger, v. 
79, set in order, settled, accom- 
modated, (adj.) ibrmal. 
ARRANGEMENT, a-ranz-man, 
s. 771. arrangement, ordering, dis- 
posing, setting in order, accom- 
modating ; order, orderliness,- re- 
gularity, conformation, compo- 
sure; method, proper arrango- 
, ment or disposition^ economy; 
composition, conciliation; mea- 
ARRANGER, a-ran-za, i>. a. v. 
79, to set in order, to place in 
order, to arrange; to rank, to 
range, to dispose, to class; to ac- 
commodate, to make up, to com- 
promise, to compound, to conci- 
liate, to compose ; to suit, to agree 
with; to settle, to wind up. — sa 
vie, to regulate one's life, to live 
orderly. — quel(ju'un,(fam. ct iron.) 
to give one his deserts, to treat 
one as he deserves; (pop.) to 
serve one out. 

s' Arranger, d. r. v. 79, to set 
one's house or lodgings in order ; 
to take proper measures ; to settle 
one's affairs ; to agree ; to settle 
in a friendly way. Arrangex- 
vous, please yourself, settle it 
yourself, or among you. 
ARRAS, s 771. (France) Arras. 
ARRASER, v. a. V. Araser. 
ARRENTEMENT, a-rantman, 
s. 777. a renting or letting out. Far 
— , by the year, 

ARRENTER, a-ranta, ». a. v 3, 
to rent out, to let out ; to rent, to 
take for a yearly rent, 
ARRERAGER, v. n. v. 79, to get 
in arrears. 

ARRERAGES, a-ra-raz, s. 

ARRESTATION, i-r^s-ta-sio?! 
s.f. arrestation ; arrest, arresting. 
Arrestation, custody. 








r6b, Wrd, 




bftse, b&t, brun. 



ARRfiT, a-r{!, s. m. decree, pvo- 
clamation ; decision, award, judg- 
ment ; sentence. ArrSt, attach- 
ment (of both person and goods) ; 
arrest of one's person ; distrain- 
ing or attachment of goods, cap- 
tion; seizure, distress. Maisan 
d' — , prison-house, prison. Ar- 
rets, plur., [mil,) arrest. U est 
aux — s, he is under arrest. — s 
forces bu de rigueur, close, strict 
confinement. ArrAt devaisseau, 
tniar.) an embargo laid on ship- 
ping. Arr^t, the stop or stop- 
ping (of a horee), the set (of a 
dog). Vii ckien d' — , un chien 
couchant, a setting-dog, a pointer, 
a setter. Arret, rest, the place 
where the horseman sets his 
lance. ArrSt, a stop; a stay; 
stay guard. 

ARRfiTfi, a-r4-ta, s. m. agree- 
ment, resolution ; a thing agreed 
on, resolved upon. 
Arr^tA, e, pari. d'ArrUer, v. 
3; stopped, stayed; intercepted, 
withheld ; weather-bound, windr 
bound; ordered; hired, let, agreed 
for, taken; decreed, agreed on, 
resolved on; seized, arrested; 
fastened, fixed. C'est une affaire 
arretie, that's agreed upon. Des- 
sin arretd, a finished drawing. 
II TLa pas la vue arretie, he has 
not a steady look. £lre arreti 
par, to ride upon, to rest upon. 
ARRETE-B(EUF, a-r6t-bSuf, 
OM BUGRANE, s. /. anonis, 
cammoch, petty-whin, rest-har- 
ARR£TE-NEF, V. Remora. 
ARRETER, a-rfe-ta, v. a. v. 3, to 
arrest, to stop, to stay; to make 
stay, to make stand still ; to fas- 
ten, to make fast, to bind, to tie 
hard ; to delay, to detain, to re- 
tard ; to keep up, to hold up ; to 
cease, to give over; to put an 
end to; to suppress; to fix the 
attention of, to interest; to set. 
Un chien qui arrite bien, a good 
setter. Je lui arreterai le r^uel, 
I will make him hold bis tongue. 
Arr^ter, to arrest, to appre- 
hend, to take into custody, to 
take up ; to attach, to detain ; to 
seize ; to distrain, to attach. Ar- 
r^ter, to hinder, to stop, to 
break off; to impede, to inter- 
cept, to withhold; to curb, to 
check, to interrupt. Arr^ter, 
to hire, to engage. ArriSter, to 
secure, to make certain of, to 
hire ; to take a place, a box. Ar- 
R^TER, to resolve upon, to deter- 
mine, to agree; to conclude, to 
settle, to decree. Arri^ter un 
com^te, arreter des parties, to ba- 
lance, to settle or arrange ah ac- 
count.— un marchi, to make, to 
strike, to bind,- to conclude a bar- 
gain. Arbiter un jour, to ap- 
point a day, to fix or pitch upon 
a day. 

Ark:£teii, v. TiAV. 3, to stand still, 
to stop, to make a stay. Arbi- 

ter, to hold, to forbear, to make 
an end. Arrelez, hum ! hush ! 
s' Arreter, v. r. v. 3, to stop, to 

Sause, to rest; to stand still, to 
alt. a' Arreter, to stay, to tar? 

ry ; to loiter ; to stop, to remain ; 

to lag. s' Arreter, to forbear, 

to relrain from doing a thing ; to 

give over, to suspend, to delay ; 

to desist. s'Ark£ter, to mind a 

thing, to stand upon it, to stick 

to it. *S' — aux mots, to stick to 

the words. s'Arr:6ter, to re» 

solve upon, to fix or pitch upon. 
s'Arr^ter eii qudque lieu, to 
settle in a place, to stop. 

ARRfiTISTE, a-rd-tist, a com- 
piler of decrees. 

ARRHEiVIENT, Sr-man, s. m. 
the giving handsel or earnest, 

ARRHER, k-ri, v. a. v. 3, or 
rather donner des arrhes, to give 
earnest for a thing. 

ARRHES, ar, s. f. pi, earnest, 
earnest-penny, earnest-money. 
Donner des — pour une place, to 
take a place, and give earnest. 
J'ai donni des — , I am engaged. 

*ARRIAN, s. m. (prn.) vulture of 
the Pyrenees. 

ARRIEGE, (France) Arriege, Au- 

ARRIERE, a-riSr, s. m. (,mar.) 
stern, poop or hind part of a 
ship. Fasser & Varriere, to go 
under the stern. AUer & I' — 
sur son ancre, to heave astern. 
Tomber en — , to fall astern. 
Rester de I' — , to remaiii astern 
by slow sailing, to drop astern. 
Se faire de V — , to be ahead of 
one's reckoning. Les voiles de 
V — the after sails. 

ARRii^RE, adv. (mar.) aft. Avoir 
vent arrive, to go before the 
wind. Faire vent — , to bring 
the wind aft or astern. 

Arri^re, part. inl. away ! a vaunt ! 
Arrih-e la raiUerie, joking apart. 
En ARRiiRE, backward, back- 
wards; behind; behindhand. £tre 
en arrihci to be behind or in ar- 
rears. En arrive de guelqu'un, 
behind another's back. 

Arriisre, an inseparable prepo- 
sition joined to certain substan- 
tives, h'arrih-e-corps d'un h&- 
iimeni, the hinder part of a ship. 
Arriere-Tieveu, the son of a ne- 
phew, grand nephew. 

ARRIERE, E, adj. in arrears, be- 

ARRIERE, s. arrears. 

ARRIERE-BAN,s.m. arriere-ban. 

ARRIERE-BEC, s. m. (arch.) 

*ARRIERE-BOUCHE, s.f. (ana.) 
the upper part of the oesophagus,- 
pharynx. ' 

back shop. 

ARRIERE-CHANGE, s. m. in- 
terest upon interest, compound 

ARRIERE-CORPS, i. m. (arch.) 

ARRIERE-COUR, s.f. backyard 
*ARRIERE-DENT, s. m. back 

tooth, wisdom tooth. 
*ARRi6RE-D0S. V. Arriere- 



(ent.) part of the mesothorax of 

*ARRIERE-NARINES , s. f. pi. 
(anat.) the posterior nares. 

*ARRIERE-NEZ, s. m. (ent.) that 
part of insects joining the an- 

AbriSre-sternum, s. m., Aii- 
RIERE-TERGUM, s. m. (ent.) parts 
of the thorax of insects. 

*ARRIERE-FAIX, s. m. (med.) 
after-burden, after-birth, secun- 

der-farmer, under-tenant. 

ARRIERE-FIEF, s. m. arriere- 
tee or fief, mesne-fief or tenure. 

ARRIERE-FLEUR, s. f. (skin- 
dressing,) small wool left on the 
skin by the negligence of t'ne 
dresser w spraper ; *(6ot.) a late 
flower, one that blossoms after 
its season. 

ARRIERE-GARDE,s./. the rear, 
the rear-guard (of an army). 

ARRIERE-GOOT, s. m. after- 
taste, (generally in a bad sense.) 

ARRIERE-MAIN, .■!. m. (temiis,) 
a back-stroke. Arr[kre-m.\in,' 
the hind-quarters (of a horse.) 

ARRIERE-NEVEU, s. m. the 
son of one's nephew. Ses — -x, 
the latest posterity. 

ARRIERE-PANAGE, s. m. after- 

ARRIERE-PENSEE, «./. after- 
thought, by-view, by-end. 


RliSRE-PETITE-FlLLE, S. m. et f, 

great-grandson, great-grand- 

ARRIERE-POINT, s. m. back- 

ARRIERER, a-rift-rJ, v.a. v. 77, 
to throw behindhand. — un pai/e- 
merit, to defer a payment, (little 
used). • 

s'Arrierer, 1). r. v. 77, to stay 
behind. s'Arrierer, to be bo- 
hind or in arrears. 

ARRIERE-SAISON,s./. autumn, 
the latter end of autumn. Ar- 
Rii;RE-SAisoN, the months pre- 
ceding harvest and the vintage: 

ARRIERE-VASSAL, .1. m. ar- 
riere-vassal, under-tenant. 


ARRIMAGE, -i-ri-maz, s, m 
(m«r.)-stowing, stowage or trim 
of the hold. Changer I' — , to 
rummage the hold. 

ARRIMER, a-ri-ma, v. a. v. 3, 
(mar.) to stow or trim the hold. 
— le lest, to trench the ballast. ■ 

ARRIMEUR, s. m. stower. 

ser et RissER , 






bat, hiee 

antique : 


4bb, ov^r,j^une 


b^urre, li^n : 

ARRIVAGE, s. m. amval. 

ARRIVEE, a-ri-va, s.f. arrival, 
coming, advent. Arriv^e, (ma.) 
the movement of bearing away, 
also the angle of falling off in 
trying, or the lee-lurch. 

ARRIVER, V. n. v. 3, to come to 
laud, lo bear down. Arriver, 
to arrive at, to come to a place, 
to get , into. Arriver, to ap- 
proach, to be coming — & ban 
port, to come to hand.---(J sesjins 
ou a son hut, to compass one's 
ends. Arriver, to come unex- 
pected, to come, to come upon. 
Arriver, to happen, to befall, to 
come to pass, to fall out, to 
chance, to Dechance. Q.uoiqu'il 
arrive, at all events, whatever 
happens. Arriver, (/am.) to 
happen, to chance. Arriver 
ventarrih'e, (mar.) to bear away, 
to bear up.~-beaiicoup, to bear 
away large. — dans les eaux d'un 
hcttimeni, to bear down into the 
wake. Arrive! bear up the 
helm! Arrive peul bear up 
round! Arrive tout! hard awea- 
ther! hard up! If arrive pas ! 
don't fall off! luff! keep her to! 
have a care of the lee-lurches ! 

ARROBE, s.f. (Spanish weight), 
arroba, arobe. 

*ARROCHE, s.f. (plant), orach, 
chenopodium, goose-foot. 

•ARROCHES, s. f. pi. (bdt.) sy- 
nonymous with CMnopbdies, 

ARROGAMMENT, i-rd-gi- 
man, adv. arrogantly, haugh- 
tily, insolently, presumptuously, 
[Arreiffommentfollows the verb.] 

ARROGANCE, a-ri-gans, 5./. 
arrogance, arrogancy, haughti- 
ness, pride, superciliousness, im- 

ARROGANT, E, a-r6-gan, gant, 
adj. arrogant, haughty, cavalier, 
assuming, overweening, imperi- 
ous, supercilious. 
[Arrogant may sometimes pre- 
cede its noun: c^est un arrogant 

personnage. See Adjectif.] 

S'ARROGER, sa-ri-za, v. r. v. 
79, to arrogate to one's self, to 
claim vainly, to attribute to one's 
self unjustly, to take to one's 
self without right. 

ARROI, a-rwa, s. m. array, re- 
tinue, train, equipage; only used 
in the phrase : etre en Tnauvais — , 
to be in a sad pickle. 

ARRONDI, E, part. d'Arrondir, 
V. 4, rounded, made round. Ar- 
RONDI, (bl.) artondie, rounded. 

ARRONDIR, a-ron-dlr, v. a. v. 4, 
to make a thing round, to round. 
(fam.) — sa fortune, to square, to 
enlarge one's fortune. — un cheval, 
lo round a horse (lo make him 
carry his shoulders and haunches 
roundly on a gallop, on a trot). 
— un cap, (mar.) to weather, to 
sail round a cape. Arrondir, 
(painting), to round, to relieve. 

s'Arronoir, ». r. v. 4, to round. 

s' Arrondir, to square oneself, 

to make things square, Cepro- 

priilaire s'est bien arrondi, that 


landholder has squared things 
pretty well, (fam.) 

d!s-m£n, «. m. the rounding, 
making or being round. Arron- 
DissEMENT, district, circuit, ar- 

ARROSAGE, s. m. irrigation, wa- 

ARROSEMENT, a-r6z-man, a 
m. watering, sprinkling, be- 
sprinkling, inspersion, (in gam- 
ing), watering, payment. 

ARROSER, a-rA-za, v. a. v. 3, to 
water, to besprinkle, to wet, to 
bedew. — de larmes, to bathe with 
tears.^des terres, to water, to ir- 
rigate. — de la viande qui rdtit, to 
baste meat that is toasting. Ar- 
ROSER, (fig. and fam.) to distri- 
bute money. — des crianciers, to 
pay one's creditors a trifle, to di- 
vide a triHing sum among one's 
creditors, n lui en a coSi tani 
pour — , (gaming), it has cost him 
so much to pay what he owed 
to each of the players ; casual ex- 

ARROSOIR, a-r6-zw4r, s. m. a 

*ARR0UMA,Herbe aux H^be- 
CHETS ou PiNEAH, s. m. (palm.) 
canna corroi'des. 

ARROW-ROOT, s. m. arrow-root. 

ARRUGIE, s.f. a drain, canal. 

ARRUMEUR, a-rd-inSur, s. m. 
V. Arrimeur. 

ARS, s. m. pL plat-veins, (used 
only in this) : Saigner un cheval 
des quatre ars, to bleed a horse 
in the four veins. 

ARSENA-L, UX, s. m. arsenal, a 
store-house for munitions of war. 
Arsenal de jnarine, dock-yard 
with its warren w gun-wharf. 

"►ARSfiNIATE, ar-sa-ni-at, s.m. 
(chim.) arscniate. 

"ARSfiNIATfi, ar-sa-ni-a-ta, 
adj. combined with arseniate. 

•^ ARSENIC, ars-ni, s.m. arsenic, 
ratsbane. — jaune, orpiment. — 
rouge, red orpiment. 

■►ARSfeNICAL, E, ars-nl-kal, 
adj. arsenical. 

(min.) that which contains arse- 
nic and iron. 

m. pi. (min.) natural combina- 
tion of sulphur and arsenic. 

•►ARSfeNICOXIDES, s. m. pi 
comb, of arsenic with oxygen. 

*ARSfiNIDES, s. m. pi. (min.) a 
family of minerals. 

*ARSfiNIE, Arsknifkrk, Ar- 
SENiau£, adj. (miTi.) containing 

■►ARSENIEUX, adj. (chim.) arse- 

■►ARSENIURE, ». m. (chim.) ar- 

*ARS£NIURfi, adj. (chim.) arse- 

•ARSfiNIQUE, ar-ad-nlk, adj. 
(e/iim.) araenic. 

♦ARSiSNITE, ir-sa-nit, .. m. 
(chim.) arsenite. 

ARSIN, ar-sin, s. m. Bois—s, 
standing trees of a forest thai 
have caught fire accidentally. 

ARSIS, JLr-s!, s. m. a strong and 
fiery wine. Arsis, (gram.) ele» 
vation of the voice when be- 

ART, ar, a termination common 
to substantives and adjectives 
V. Ard. 

A T, ar, s. m. art. Les beaux 
arts, the fine arts. — s d'agriment, 
accomplishments. Art^ art, skill, 
address, workmanship, craft, 
mysteiy, cunning, artfulness. 

AltTSipl. arts. Maitre is arts, mas- 
ter of arts. 

■►ARTEMISIEES, adj. et 
(bot.) a group of anthemidese ; a 
sub tribe of senecionideK. 

*ARTfiMISINE, s.f. (chim.) the 
bitter principle of artemisia. 

ARTfiMON, s.m. the third sheeve 
at the lower end of the poly- 

*ARTENNE, s.f. (orn.) artenna. 

*ARTERE, ar-t4r, s. m. (anai.) 

*ARTEREVRISME, s. m. (med.) 

■►ARTERIAQUE, adj. (med.) re- 
medics operating on the arteries, 
or the windpipe. 

■►ARTERIECTASIE, <,. f. (med.) 

*ARTERIEL, LE, ar-ta-riSl, 
adj. arterial. 

'►ARTfiRIEUX, SE, adj. arterial. 

(med.) aneurism. 

■►ARTfiRIOGRAPHIE, s f. de- 
scription of the arteries. 

*ART£RI0LE, ar.ti-ri-51, s. f- 
(anal.) a small artery. 

*ART£RI0L0GIE, s. /. (anoL) 

*ARTERI0T0MIE, »./. (Mr. 

ARTfiSIEN, adj. m. (of Artois) 

Artesian. Puits — , Artesian well. 
*ART£RITE, s.f. (med.) inflam 

mation of the arteries. 
■►ARTESTIQUE, adj. one who 

has lost a limb. 
*ARTHANITINE, !./. (chim.) a 

peculiar substance found in the 

Cyclamen EurOpteum. 
*ARTHRALGIE, <,. /. (med.) ar- 

thritis, arthralgy. 
♦ARTHREMBdLE, s. m. (diir:\ 

instrument for reducing disloca 

■'ARTHRION, s. m. (ent.) articu 

lation found in many coleoptera. 
*ARTHRITE, s.f (med.) gout. 
•ARTHRITIQUE, adj. (med.) ar- 
thritic, orthritical. 
*ARTHR(X;ACE, ». /. (med.) 

chronic disease of the joints. 
'►ARTHROCEPHALES, adj. els. 

m. pi, (crust.) a fam. of Crustacea. 
■►ARTHROCfiRAL, adj. el s. m. 

parts in anat. of the articulata. 
••ARTHRODIE, s. f. (anal.) ». 





field, fig, 


rftbe, r6b, 16rd, mflod, Ii6od, 






•ARTHRODIEES, adj. et. s.f. pi 
(zoo.) an order of phytozoa. 

♦ARTHRODYNIE, s. /. (.vied.) 
pain in the joints. 

♦ARTHROMBOLE, s. m. (med.) 
redaction of a dislocation. 

»ARTHR0M£RAL, adj. parts in 
the anatomy of the articulata. 

*ARTHR0N, s. m. (flnat.) ar- 



•ARTHRONCUS, ». /. (,med.) 
swelling of a joint. 

(med.) inflammation of joints. 

*ARTHROPUOSE, s. /. (med.) 
abscess of a joint. 

*ARTHROSE, s.f. (onat) articu- 

♦ARTHROSPONGUS, s.f. {med.) 
white swelling of the joints. 

ARTICHAUT, ar-ti-sh5, s. m. 
artichoke. Cu d' — , the bottom 
of an. artichoke. Le foin, the 
choke. Artichadt, a head or 
cluster of iron spikes on a fence 
or gateway to prevent persons 
gettin" through or over. 

•ARTICLE, ar-tikl, s. m. (chir., 
ajiat.) articulation, joint, knuc- 
kle (of the finger). Article, ar- 
ticle, head, paragraph, clause, 
condition, term, subject, point. 
Article, (gram.) article. ♦Ar- 
ticle, (fiot.) (portions of the stem, 
&c.) article. 

♦ARTICULAIRE, ir-tl-iJi-lir, 
adj. (Ttied.) articular. 

'ARTICULATION, ar-tl-lfi-la- 
sion, s. f. {aiiat.) articulation, 
juncture of the bones. — distincte, 
pronunciation, articulation. — des 
fails, (juT.) an articulation, de- 
duction OT enumeration of things 
article by article. *Articula- 
TION, (CTrf , bot.) articulation. 

ARTICUL£,E, narfc d'Articukr, 
V. 3, articulated, articulate, set 
down in articles dr heads. Une 
voic mdl — e, an inarticulate voice. 

ARTICULER, ar-ti-ci-la, v. a. 
T. 3, to articulate, to pronounce, 
to syllable, to affirm positively 
and to detail a &ct; (,jur.) to 

*s'ARTICnLER, V. T. V. 3, (OTIOt.) to 

be articulated or jointed, to Joint. 

♦ARTICULtS, adj. et s. m.vl. a 
division of the animal kingdom. 

*ARTICULEUX, adj. (crust.) a 
crab so called. 

ARTIEN, s. m. (t. of college), a 
student in philosophy. 

ARTIFICE, ir-tl-fis, ». m. art, 
industry, skill, workmanship, 
contrivance. Artifice, artijice, 
cunning, craft, guile, deceit, 
trick, stratagem, shuffle, fetch, 
fraud, device, invention. Sans 
ar(t|!ce, roundly, plainly, honest- 
ly. Artifice, fireworks. Vn 
feu d' — , fireworks. 

ARTIFICIEL, LE, ar-ti-f l-cl-4], 
adj. artificial, factitious, artful. 
Jour — ; (from sunrise to sunset), 
artificial day. Menwire — le, ar- 
tificial memory. 
[Artifcid ailer the noun.] 

f 1-slil-man, adv. artificially, art- 
fully, by art. 
[ArtijicieUement follows the 


ARTIFICIER, ar-tl-f i-sl5, s. m. 
fire-worker, pyrotechnist. 

fi-sl€uz-man, adv. cunningly, 
craftily, artfully, slily. 
[Artijimeusement may come be- 
tween the auxiliary and the verb.] 

ARTIFICIEU-X, SE, ar-tlrfl- 
sIAn, sl^uz, od;'. artfiil, cunning, 
crafty, disingenuous, fallacious, 
shiftmg, fraudulent, sly, shrewd, 
subtle, inveigling. 
[Artificieux generally follows 

the noun; in some cases might 

precede it : c'est un artijicieux co- 

quin. See Adjectif.] 

ARTILLi, E, adj. mounted with 

ARTILLERIE, ir-til-rl, s.f. ar- 
tillery, ordnance. 

ARTILLEUR (ar-ti-?lur) <m AR- 
TILLIER, s. m. an artillery-man, 
a matross. 

ARTIMON, ar-tl-mon, s. m. {mar.) 
mizzen. Le mM d' — , the miz- 

FHES, adj. el s. m. pi. artiozoa, 

*ARTIPHYLLE, adj. {iot.) plant 
having axillary buds. 

ARTISAN, ar-ti-zan, s. m. arti- 
san, a handicraftsman, an opera- 
tive, artificer, mechanic, trades- 
man, craftsman; author, con- 

*ARTISON ar-t!-zon ou ARTU- 
SON, s. m. a little worm in 
wood, wood-fretter. 

NE, adj. worm-eaten. 

ARTISTE, a r-tlst, adj. et s. artist ; 
skilful, ingenious. 

ARTISTEMENT, ar-tlst-man, 
adv. artfully, skilfully, cunning- 
ly, curiously. 
[Artislement after the verb; is 

put between the auxiliary and the 


*ARTOCARPEES, adj. et s.f. pi. 
{hot.) a group of urticete. 

*ARTOMEL, s. m. {nod.) cats- 
plasm of bread and honey. . 

ARTOIS, s. m. (France,) Artois. 

*ARUM, k-ihra, s. m. arum, 
wake-robiir, cuckoo-pint. 

*ARUNDINACE,a4;. (*»«•) a™n- 

ARUNDINACEES, adj. el s. f. 

pi. {hot.) a tribe of gramineie. 
ARURE, s.f. (Egyptian measure,) 

ARUSPICE, a-ras-pls, a.m. arus- 

pex vr haruspex, diviner, sooth- 

ASVAtES ou ARVAUX, s. m. 

(myth.) Arvales fratres. 
*ARVICOLE, adj. inhabiting 

ploughed ground. 
♦ARVIEN, adj. {hot.) growing in 

ploughed ground, 
•ARYTitNEAL, (icJ.) certain 

bones in fishes 

{anal.) arytenoid muscle. 

*ARYTENO- {or ARY-) fiPI- 
GLOTTIQUE, adj. {anat.) part 
of the arytenoid muscle. 

*ARYrENOiDE, s. m. et adj. 
{anal.) arytenoid cartilage. 

*ARYT6N0iDIEN, adj. {anat.) 
arytenoid. , 

*ARYTHME, s. m. {med.) aryth- 

ARZEL, LE, <K?J. Undteaa—,a 
horse that has a white spot on 
the off or right hind foot. 

ARZILLE, s.f. (Africa,) Arzilla. 

AS, as, s. m. an ace. As, a Ro- 
man weight, a Roman coin, 

*ASA DULCIS. V. Benzoik, 
^fcetida. V. Assafostida. 

*ASAPHE, s. m. fossil trilobite. 

*ASARET, a-sa-ra, s. m. (6o«.) 
asarum or azarum. Asaret is 
also called Cabaret. 

♦ASARINE, s.f. (plant,) asarina. 

*ASARINE, AsARiTE, s.f. sub- 
stance found in the root of the 

*ASARINEES, adj. et s. f. pi 
{bot.) a fam. of plants. 

*A&AROlDES, adj. et s.f. pi. {bat.) 
a fam. of plants. 

*ASARUM, ». m. (plant,) asarum, 

*ASBESTE,az-b4st. V.Amiante. 

*ASBEST01DE, Aseestiforme, 
adj. {min.) resembling asbestos. 

•ASBOLINE, s. /. {cliim.) sub- 
stance found in soot. 

*ASCALABOS, s. m. (lizard,) as- 

*ASCALABOTES, s. m. pi. (rep.J 
a tribe of sauri. 

*ASCALABOTOiDES, adj. et a. (raoi) a fam. of sauri. 

♦ASCARIDES, s. {med.) as- 

DIENS, adj. el s. m. pi. {unnel.) a 
section of microzoa. 

ASCENDANT, as-san-dan,s.m. 
{ast., astrol et geneal.) ascendant. 
Ascendant, ascendant, ascen- 
dency, influence ; power, predo- 

; minancy. 

Ascendant, e, a^. v. ascendant, 

• [Ascendant follows the noun.] 

ASCENSION, a-san-sion, s. f. 
(pkys.) ascension, the ascending 
or rising. Ascension, {ast.) as- 
cension. Ascension, Ascension, 
Ascension-day, Holy Thursday. 
Ascension, the isle of Ascension 

sIA-n£I, adj. ascensional. 

ASCETES, s. m. pi. ascetics, an 
chorets ; monks or nuns. 

ASCfiTIQUE, 5.-sd-tIk, adj. et i 

' ascetic, 

■ [Ascitt^e generally follows tho 


♦ASCIDIACfeS, AsciDiDEs, As 
cidetes, adj. et s. m. pi. {mol.) 
families of tunicata. 

*ASCIDIE, s. f. a genus of mol 

'^ASCIDi:^, adj. {iot ) cup-ahaped 




bar, bat 


antique . 


4bb, ov^r, 



bSurre, li^n : 

'ASCIDIENS, adj. el s. m. pi. 
(mol.) an order oC tunicata. 
*A3CIDnF0RME, adj. {hot.) cup- 

*ASCIDIOCARPES, adj. et s. m. 
pi, (hot.) the hepaticjE. 
*ASCIDION, s. m. (hot.) cup on 
the leaf of the nepenthes. 
(the inhabitants of the torrid 
zone,) Ascii. 
'ASCIFORME, adj. (hot.) vase- 
'ASCIGERE, adj. (bot.) fungus 
with sporules in small cups. 
*ASCITE, s.f (jned.) ascites, com- 
tnon dropsy. 

*ASCITIQUE, adj. (med.) ascitic. 
(poetry,) aaclepiad; 
*ASCLEPIADE, s. f. ou AscLt- 
viA3,s.m asclepias, swallow-wort. 
*ASCLEPIADEES, adj. et s.f. 
pi. (bot.) a section of apocynese. 
♦ASCLtPIADINE, s. /. (chim.) 
peculiar substance found in the 
asclepias vincetoxicum. 
*ASCOMYCETES, s. (bot.) 
a sub-class of fungi. 
*ASCOPHYTES, s. /. pi. (hot.) a 
section of hydro Jhyta. 
*ASCORE, s. m. that part of a 
fungus containing the elytra. 
*ASCOSPORES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(hot.) an order of lichenes. 
•ASE, s.f. (rned.) loathing from 

'ASELLE, s. m. (insect,) Asellus. 
*ASELLIDES, s. m. pi. (crust.) a 
family of Crustacea. 
"ASELLIENS, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(zoo.) a fam. of tetradecapoda. 
*ASELLOTES, s. (crust.) a 
fam. of Crustacea. 
'ASEXUEL, AsEXE, adj. without 
sex, (little used.) 

ASIARCHAT, a-zi-ar-ka, s. m. 
dignity of an asiarch. 
ASIARQUE, s. m. asiarch. 
ASIATIQUE, a-zi-a-tik, adj. 

[Asiatique generally follows the 

ASIE. a-zl, s. f. Asia. 
ASILE ou ASYLE, a-zil, s. on. 
asylum, refuge, place of refuge, 
shelter, sanctuary \ harbour, co- 
vert, retreat; safeguard, pro- 

»ASILIDES, s. m. pi. V. Asi- 

*ASILIFORME, adj. resembling 
an asylum. 

'ASILIQUES, adj. et «. m. pi. 
(ent.) a fam. of diptera. 
*ASILOiDE, adj. resembling an 

*ASIMINE, s. /. (bal.) peculiar 
compound fruit. 
ASINE, a-zin, adj. f. Bete—, an 
ass, a blocldiead, a dunce. 
s. m. pi. (mol.) an order of para- 

"ASIPHONOIDES, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (mol.) an order of cephalopoda. 
•ASITIE, s.f. (med.) abstinence 
from food. I 

8« , 

*ASKELIE, «. /. (aiiat.) absence 
of legs. 

DES SERPENTS, a. m. (ser- 
pent,) asmodai. 

*AS0DES, s.f. (med.) asodes, sur- 
feit, heart-burn ; cardialgy. 

*AS0TE, s. m. (ich.) Asotus. 

*ASPALACIDfiS, adj. et s. 
(mam.) a fam. of rodentia. 

ASPALATHE, s. m. aspalath, 
lignum Rhodium, rose-wood. 

*ASPARAG£ES, adj. et s. f. pi. 
(hot.) a tribe of smilaceoe. 

*ASPARAGINE, s. /. (chim.) as- 

*ASPA R AGINEES, adj. et 
(hot.) a fam. of plants. 



(bot.) a fam. of plants. 
*ASPARAMIDE, s.f. (chim.) as- 
*ASPARAMIQUE, adj. (chim.) 

*ASPARTATE, Asp.iiiamate, s. 
m. (chim) aspartate. 

*ASPARTIQUE, adj. (chim.) as- 

ASPE m ASPLE, s. m. reel, (silk.) 

ASPECT, as-p^kt, s. m. aspect, 
sight; look, countenance; (mar.) 
looming or perspective view of 
the land from the sea. . 

*ASPERELLINfiES, adj. et s.f. 
pi. (hot.) a tribe of gramineae. 

*ASPERGE, ks-fksz, sj. aspara- 
gus; (by corruption) sparrow- 
grass. PoiTites d' — s ou — s en 
petits pais, sparrow-grass-pease. 

ASPERGER, as-pSr-za, ». a. v. 
79, (eg.) to sprinkle, to besprinkle. 

ASPERGERIE, s. f. asparagus- 
bed or ground. 

ASPERGES. as-pSr-zJs, s.m. (eg. 
rom.) aspergile ; • aspersorium ; 
time of sprinkling the holy-water. 

GILLAIRE, adj. (hot.) resembling a 

*ASPERGOUTE, s.f. (plant,) as- 

*ASP£RIC0LLE, adj. (n. h.) 

*ASPfiRlCORNE, adj. (zoo.) a 
sponge so called. 

*ASPERIFOLlfi, adj. (iW.)' with 

riiugh leaves. 
*ASPERIF0L1£ES, (Kfj. et <,. f. 

pi (bot.) a fam. of plants. 
ASPERITfi, as-pa-ri-ta, s. f. 

asperity, roughness. 
*ASPERMATISME, s. m. (med.) 

*ASPERME, Asperme, adj. (bot.) 

without seed. 

*ASPERMIE, s.f. (hot.) state of a 
* plant rendered- unfruitful. 
ASPERSION, as-pSr-slon, s. f. 

aspersion, sprinkling, besprink- 
ASPERSOIR, as-pSr-swir, s. m. 

the holy-water brush. 
*ASPERULE, s./. (plwit,) aspe- 
, rula, wood-iuffe 

*ASP£RULEES, adj. et s. f. pi 
(hot.) a tribe of rubiacex. 
*ASPHALITE, s. m. (anat.) as 
:*ASJPHALTE, s. m. asphalt, as 

phalttim, Jew's-nitch. 
ASPHALTIQUE, (as-fal-tik) o« , 
ASPHALTITE, adj. asphaltie, 
bituminous. Ze lao^, the Dead 
*ASPHODELE, s.m. (Jo(.) aspho- 
del, kiiig's-Spear. Lis — , lily- 
asphodel, daifodil. 
loj:des,(24;. et (hot.) afam. 
of plants. 
*ASPHYXIE,s./.(OTed.).asphyxy, ■ 
sufibcation, susp. of animation. 
*ASPHYXl£, E, part. v. 3, in a 
state of asphyxy, of suifocation ; 
also svh, 
*ASPHYXIER, as-fik-sia, v. a. 
V, S, to bring about, to occasion 
asphyxy, to suHbcate. 
s'AspHYXiER, v. 3, to die a volun- 
tary death by sudbcation. - 
ASPIC, as-pik, s. m. (serpent,) 
aspic or asp. Un — . Une langue 
d' — , an ill-tongued, slandenng 
man or woman. *Aspic, (hot.) ' 
spikenard or lavender-spike. 
Huile d' — , spike oil, oil of spike. 
Aspic, a dish consisting of cold 
meat or fish, and jelly. 
*ASPICANARDI, s. m. spikenard. 
*ASPIDECHIDNES, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (rep.) a family of ophidii. 
*ASPIDIAC£ES, adj. et s.f. pi. 
(hot.) a section of filices. 
*ASPIDIONEES, adj. el s. f. pi 
(bot.) a section of polypodiaces. 
*ASPIDIOTES, adj. et s. m. pi 

(crust.) a group of Crustacea. 
*ASPIDIPHORES, adj. et s. 

(crust.) a family of crustacese. 
*ASPIDISCINES, s. m. pi (200.) 
a tribe of polygastrica. 
*ASPID0ACH1RES, adj. et s. m. 
fl (rep.) a family of sauri. 
m. pi. (mol.) a family of mollusca. 
*ASPIDOCtPHALES, adj. et s. (rep.) a section of ophidii. 
*ASP1D0CHIRES, adj. ets.m. pi 
(rep.) a family of sauri. 
*ASPIDOCOIOBES, adj. el s.m, 
pi. (rep.) a family of sauri. 
*ASPIDOTES, adj. et s. m. pi , 

(crust.) a family of Crustacea. 
*ASPILONOTE, adj. (zoo.) a chry- , 
saora so called. 
ASPIRANT, E, as-pi-ran, rant 
adj. V. (used only with pompe,] 
drawing up by attraction or sue 

Aspirant, e, s. a candidate, a 
suitor. — de marine, a midship- 

ASPIRATION, as-pi-ra-sion, j. 
/. iphys. et gram.) aspiration; 
(hydr.) suction ; aspiration, long- 
ing after, fervent desire. 
ASPIRE, E.fjort. d'Aspirer, v. 3 
aspirate, aspirated. 
ASPIRER, as-pi-ra, v. a. v. 3, 
(ffra«n.)_to aspirate; to fetch or 
draw breath ; (hydr.) to draw up 
, by attraqtion, by suction. 




field, I'ig, vin : r6be, rib, lord, mflod, h6od, vos, mo7i : bfiae, bit, brun. 

AsPitiER, A, ti. n. V. 3, to aspire to 

or after a thing, to covet, to seek 

it ambitiously, to desire, to aim at. 
*ASPISTES, adj. el s. m. pi. Ij-ep.) 

a s^b-order of reptilia. 
♦ASPLfiNIOIDEES, adj. et s. f. 

pli (hot.) a sec. of polypodiace83. 
•ASPONDYLOiDE, adj. having 

no vectebriE. ., 
*ASPORE, adj. (6o(.) without spo- 

ASPRE, s. m. (Turkish coin,) as- 

per or aspre. 
ASSA, s. /. (a gum,) asa, assa. 

AssA DULcrs, benzoin. Assa 

FGLTIDA, asa <yr assafcetida. 
ASSABLE, E, pan. d'AssaUer, 

V. 3, to run aground. Port as- 

sabli, a harbour choked up with 

ASSABLEMENT, a-sabl-man, 

s. m. sandbank, shoal. 
ASSABLER, a-sa-bla, v. a. v. 3, 

to fill or choke up with sand. 
s'AssABLER, V. r. V. 3, to run 

aground. V. Ensablement, En- 


ASSAILLANT, a-sa-Mn, s. m. 
assailant, aggressor, challenger. 

AssAiLLASTS, s. pi. besiegers, as- 

ASSAILLIR, a-sa-Zlr, v. a. v. 8, to 
assault, to assail, to set upon, to 
attack, to fall upon; to surprise, 
to come upon. 

ASSAINIR, a-sS-nlr, v. a. v. 4, to 
make, to render wholesome. 

ASSAiraSSEMENT, a-sS-nis- 
man, s. m. making, rendering 
wholesome. ■ 

ASSAISONNE, E, parLd'Assai- 
sonner, v. 3. Un viets bien assai- 
sornid, a well-seasoned dish. 

man, 3. m. seasoning, condiment, 

ASSAISONNER, a-sS-z6-nd, v. 
a, V. 3, to season, to dress, to 
sauce, to spice. Assaisonner, 
to season, to attend, to temper, to 
sweeten, to set off in an agree- 
able manner. 

n^ur, n^uz, s. seasoner. 

ASSAKI, s.f. Ca sultana,) assaki. 

ASSASSIN, a-sa-sin, s. m. assas- 
sin, wilful murderer, blood-shed- 
der, mankiller, manslayer ; a ruf- 
fian, an assaulter, assailer. 

Assassin, e, adj. killing, murder- 

ASSASSINANT,E, a-sa-s5-nan, 
nant, adj. v. exceeding tiresome, 
tedious, boring ; Icilling, murder- 

ASSASSINAT, a-sa-si-na, s. m. 
assassination, wilful murder, ho- 
micide ; action of a ruffian, of a 

ASSASSINER, a-sa-sl-n^, ». a. 
V. 3, to assassinate, to murder, to 
make away with; to beat like 
ruffians, to assault one in a cow- 
ardly manner; to be exceedingly 
tiresome, troublesome ; to bore, to 
tire, to teaee, to plague ; to kill. 
ASSATION, s. f. (pharm.) assa- 
ASSAUT, i-s4, s. m. assault. 

storm, onset, onslauglit. Assaut,* 
(j%.) attack, shock, etc, Assaut, 
fencing-match, assault. Faire 
— d'esprit, to make a trial of wit. 

*ASSAZO£, s.f. (serpentaria,) as- 

ASSECHER, V. n. v. W, Imar) to 
appear dry, as a rock, bank or 
shore at low water. 

ASSECUTION, s.f. (canon law,) 

ASSfiEUR, s. m. assessor, assi- 
sor, tax-gatherer in country-pa- 

ASSEMBLAGE, a-san-blaa, «. m. 
assemblage,' collection, union; 
the joining and setting together,' 
combination. Assemblage, {car- 
pent.) assemblage, joining. — car- 
ri, square clanip, square joint ; A 
tenon et morlaisBf withi mortise 
and tenon; a cZcf,, witha key- 
piece ; ci, houement, scribing ;. ,^ 
onglet, mitre-clamp; en fausse^ 
coupe, bevel-joint; at queue d'a- 
roTide, with dove-tail;- d queue 
perdue, with dovetail and mitre 
or dove-tail concealed ; en adent, 
dental, etc. AssEMBLAGE,:(j)rin«- 
ing,) gathering. Assemblage, 
{mar.) rabbeting, scarfing, scor- 
ing, tenanting, or any ways unit- 
ing pieces of timber; des iaux, 
scarfi of the beams ; d queue d'a- 
Tonde ou d'hironde, swallow-tail 
or dove-tailed scarf. 
ASSEMBLE, E, paH. d'Assem- 
iler, V. 3, assembled, united, 
joined. Fas d'Assembl:^, s. m. 
(dance,) pas d'assemblee. As- 
semble BATTU, s. m, (dance,) as- 
semblee battue. 

ASSEMBLfiE, i-san-bU, s. f. 
assembly, meeting ; circle, Com- 
pany ; party ; (mil.) a call to arms 
by beat of drum. Grande — , se- 
nate. Une — d'ajiocofs, a consulta- 
tion. AssEMBLEE, rendezvbus or 
meeting of hunters. 
ASSEIMBLEMENT, s.m. collect- 
ing, uniting. 
ASSEMBLER, a-san-bld, v. a. v. 
3, to collect, to gather; to get, 
bring, put or lay together; to as- 
semble, to convoke, to convene, 
to convocate, to call together. 
AssEJHBLERi (carpent.) to joint, to 
clamp. Assembler, (sewing,) to 
stitch or tack together; (print- 
ing,) to gather. 

s'Assembler, v. t. v. 3, to assem- 
ble, to meet; to come, to get or 
gather together; to congregate, 
to muster. 
(printing,) a gatherer. 
ASSENfi, E, pari.-v.lG, Un coup 
bien assM, a vigorous blow, a 
well-dealt blow, a blow vigor- 
ously dealt or given. 
ASSENER, a-s«-na,ii.a. v. 76, to 
strike hard, in the very place one 
aims at ; to hit the mark, to take 
one's aim right, to strike hpme. 
ASSENTIMENT, a-san-tl-man, 
s. m. absent. 

ASSENTIR, a-san-tir, v. n. v. 4, 
to assent. [ — , is always follow- 

ed by the preposition &, and ia 
nearly obsolete.] 

ASSEOIR, a-swir, v. a. v. 23, to 
seat, to set or put in a chair, to 
la.y, to fix, to establish, to rest, to 
ground, to settle. — une rente,. to 
settle an annuity. — les tailles, to, 
assess the landtax.— un camp, to 
pitch a camp. — sonjitgement sur, 
to fix, re?t or ground one's judg- 
ment upon. AssEOiK un chevM, 
to make a horse work in the ma- 
nege, or gallop with his hincl 
quarters lower than his sboulders. 
AssEo'iR les ventes, to settle or 
mark that district of the forest 
which is to be sold and felled. 
s'AssEOiR, II. r. V. 23, to sit, to sit 
down, to be seated. 5' — sur une 
branclie, (speaking of birds), to 
perch, to settle upon a branch. 
ASSERMENTE, K,part. sworn. 
Expert asserment6, a sworn arbi- 
I -trator. 

V. a. v., 3, to swear in. 
ASSERTEUR, ». m. assertor, de- 

ASSERTION, a-sSr-sion, s.f. as- 
sertion, position, proposition. 
ASSERTIVEMENT, adv. affir- 
ASSERVI, E, pari. d'Assenrir ; v. 
4, enslaved, subjected, etc, 
ASSERVIR, a-sfr-vlr, v. a. v. 4, 
to easlave,to reduce to servitude, 
to siibject, to bring under sub- 
jection, into bondage, to master, 
to subdue, to conquer. 
jection, bondage, servitude, sla- 

ASSESSEUR, a-sS-s6ur, s. m. an 
assessor, lateral judge, recorder, 
(little' used). 
ASSETTE, s.f. slater's hammer. 
ASSEZ, ask, adv. enough. — 
grand,, large enough. AsSEZ, 
sufficiently. AssEz, enough, 
pretty, rather. Cela est — bietf, 
that IS well enough, pretty well, 
rather well. Oest — , en voild 
— , enough, that will do. , 

AssEZ ! inter), hum ! 
*ASSIDENt, adj. (med.) conco- 

ASSIDU, E, a-si-dft, adj. assidu- 
ous^ constant, punctual, close (at 
business), diligent, careful,,sedu- 
Ibus,' attentive. 
[Assidu follows the noun,, in 
prbse at least] 

ASSipUITE, s.f. a-sI-dJii-tJ, as- 
. sidnity, punctuality, great, regu- 
lar or constant attendance, close- 
ness of application, diligence, 
sedulousness, frequent atten- 

ASSIDUMEN T,ai-si-dft-man,. 
0(2t).' assiduously, constantly, se- 
dulously, diligently, continually, 
' carefiilly, punctually. 
siiger; v. 79, besieged, («. pi. 
only). . , ■ 

A S S I E G E A N T, E.a-sla-zaij 
aant, adj. v et s. besieging, be 



bftr, bit, bdse, antique: th4re, 4bb, ov^r.j^une, mfeute, bfeurre, li^n: 

ASSIEGER, a-sia-«a, v. a. v. 79, 
to besiege, to lay siege to a town, 
to encompass, to surround, to be- 

*ASSIENNE, s. /. (a stone) as- 

ASSIENTE, a-si-ant, s. m. ou f. 
(Com.) assiento. 

ASSIENTISTE, s. m. assientist. 

\SSIE'n'E, i-slAt, s.f. a plate. 
— s blanches, clean plates. — vo- 
lantes, by-plates, by-dishes. — a 
moucheites, snuffer-stand. — Fi- 
quer V — , to smell a feast. As- 
siETTE, seat, situation, sitting 
posture, site. Celan' est pas dans 
son — , that is not steady. As- 
siETTE, the tone, the state of the 
mind, the temper or condition 
one's mind is in. Unrest pas dans 
son — , he is out of humour ; he 
is ruffled. L'AssiETTE(?efotoi7/e, 
-the assessment of the land-tax, 
L'AssiETTE d'une rente, assign- 
ment, the fund of an annuity;- 
AssiETTE d'un cattzZier, the'noble 
posture of a rider. Assiette 
a'unvaisseau, trim of a ship. As- 
siette ou Mordant, lay, size, 
ground. Assiette, (book-birid- 
ing) glair j the white of anegg^ 

ASSIETT6E, s. f. a-siS-td, a 

ASSIGN ABU;, adj. {maih.) as- 
■■ [Assignable follows th^ noun.] 

ASSIGNAT, s. m. assignment. 
(Paper-money), assignat. 

ASSIGNATION, a-sj-gna-slon, 
s.f. a summons, subpcena, citing 
or citation to appear belbre the 
court. NouveUe assdgnatiim, re- 
summons. Assignation, (little 
used in this sense), appointment, 
rendezvous, assignation.. Assig- 
nation, assignment, the assign- 
ing OT making over of a thing for 
the payment of a sum. 

ASSIGNE, E, part. v. 3, sum- 
moned, assigned; sometimes sub. 
Vassi^ni, the persbn,summoned. 

ASSIGNER, a-sl-gna, v. a. v. 3, 
to summon, to subpoena, to cite 
one to appear beiore a judge. 
AssiGNER, to ascertain, to assign, 
to appoint, to fix upon, to settle. 
Assignee, to assign (certain land 
or money for the payment of a 

sio^, s.f. asfsimilation. 

♦ASSIMILABLE, adj. susceptible 
of assimilation. 

*ASSIMIL ATEUR, adj. that 
which assimilates. 


ASSIMILE, E, a-si-mi-ld, adj. 
assimilated, compared, likened. 

ASSIMILER, a-sl-mi-la, o.a.v.3, 
:to assimilate, to liken, to com 
pare. s'Assimiler. a quelqu*un, 
to liken or compare one's self to 
any one. 

ASSIMINIER,s. m. (shrub) anona. 

ASSIS, E, part. d'Asseoir, y. 23, 
sitting down, sitting, seated. 
Voter par— et Uvi, to give one's 
vote sitting or standing. 

ASSISE, a-siz, s.f. (orcA.)a course 
of stones or bricKs in a building. 

ASSISES, 4-slz, s. /. pi, assizes, 
session, the circuit. 11 tient ses 
assises dans cette maison, he do- 
mineers in that house. 

ASSISTANCE, a-«is-tans, s.f. 
assistance, help, aid, relief, com- 
fort, succour, presence, attend' 
ance. Assistance, audience, 
company, assembly, bystanders, 
congregation (in a church). As- 
sistance, the assistants, the 
country where a friary is situ- 
ated, or where a friar is assistant. 

ASSISTANT, a-sls-tan, s. m. (in 
this sense always pi.), audience, 
assembly, company, those that 
are present, auditor, bystander, 
congregation (in a church). 

Assistant, e, adj. et subst. assis- 
tant, helper, adjutor. 

Assistante, s. /. a nun-assistant 
to' the abbess. 

ASSISTER, i-sls-ta, ti. n, v. 3, to 
be at, to be present at, to attend, 
to «tand by. Assister, to be an 
assistant ( judge). 

Assister, v. a. v. 3, to assist, to 
help, to relieve, to succour, to 
aid, to support, to attend (a sick 
person). Assister, to attend. 
U etail assistd de ses parents, he 
was attended by his relations. 

association; a-so-cia-slon, s. 
/.association, partnership, fellow- 
ship, society, combination, 

*ASS(X:IANT, adj. (min.) a pecu- 
liar crystal. 

ASSOCIE, E, part. d'Aesocier, v. 
3, ef s. 7n. associated. Unassociiia, 
partner,a co-partner (in business), 
associate, fellow, one who accora- 
.panies. ' 

ASSOCIER, a-s6-sid, v. a. v. 3, 
to -'admit as a partner, to make 
one's partner, totake into parter- 
ship, to admit or receive as a 
colleague or associate, to divide 
or share something with any one, 
to make a participation in, to ad- 
mit to a share of 

b'Asbocieb, r. r, v.. 3, to enter 
into partnership with one, to 
associate one's self with, to join, 
to be joined or connected with, 
to share, to participate in. s'As- 
sociER, to keep company with 
one, to consort, to herd with, 
(/am.) . 

ASSOGUE ou AZOGUE, s.f. (a ship 
freighted with mercury) azoga. 

ASSOLEMENT, a-s61-man, s.m. 
a laying out of arable grounds 
into large portions or soles [which 
see] for obtaining a certain rota- 
tion of crops. 

ASSOLER, 1-si-U, v. a v. 3, to 
divide arable grounds into soles 
(which see). 

ASSOMMANT, E, adj. weari- 
some, tiresome, boring, (/am.) 

ASSOMMER, a-s5-ml, v. a. v. 3, 
to beat to death, to knock on the 
head, to beat unmercifully, to 
maul. AssoMMER, (fig.) to over- 
power, to overwhelm, to bear 
aown,to pester, to bore, (pop.) to 
grieve, to oppress. 

s'AssoMMER, V. r. V. 3, to kill one'n 
self, to be overburthened or over- 
whelmed, to overburthen one's 

ASSOMMEUR, s. m. one who 
knocks down, who beats unmer- 
cifully, who mauls, one who 
overpowers, a bore, ipop.) 

ASSOMMOIR, s.m. trap, a loaded 

ASSOMPnON, a-so7ip-slo7t, »./. 
(log.) assumption. Asso-mption, 
the assumption. Assomftion, 
(geog.) Assumption. 

ASSONNANCE, a-s6-nans, s.f 
(poet.) assonance. 

ASSONNANT, E, adj assonant, 

ASSORATH ou AssoNAH, s. m, 
(Mahometan book,) sonna. 

ASSOllTI, E.^art. d'Assor(ir, v 
4, stocked, furnished, matched, 
assorted, sorted, suitable^ conve- 
nient, meet, etc. 

ASSORTIMENT, 4-s4r-tl-man, 
s. m. a set, assortment. Livres 

■ d'assortiment, books which a 
bookseller obtains from other 
dealers, not those he publishes 
himself. — de diamants, a set 
of diamonds. Assortiment, as- 
sortment, harmony, match ; the 
^rting or matchmg things to- 

ASSORTIR, a-s6r-tir, v. a. v. 4, 
to sort, to match, to pair, to mate 
to fellow, to bring together those 
that suit one another. — mal, to 
misjoin, Mai —, to mismatch. 
Assobtir, to stock, to store, to 

AssoRTiR, i). n. V. 4, to match, to 
sort with, to suit. 

s'AssoRTiR, V. r. V. 4, to match, to 
agree, to suit; to be a match, to 
be suitable. 

ASSORTISSAN'T, E, adj. v. that 
matches or suits well. 

*ASSORTISSOIRE, s. m. confec- 
tioner's sieve. «./. box containing 
an assortment. 

ASSOTE, E, adj. infatuated, ex- 
tremely fond, doting on. 

ASSOUPIR, a-s6o-pir, v. a. v. 4, 
to make drowsy, sleepy, heavy, 
dull; to lull asleep. Assoupi, 
drowsy, heavy, yawning. As- 
souPiR, to assuage, to allay; to 
deaden. Assoupir, to suppress, 
to stifle, to still, to quiet, to hu^, 
to hush up. 

s' Assoupir, v. r. v. 4, to grow 
drowsy, dull, heavy, sleepy; to 
fall asleep; to nod, to doze, to 
drowse, (j^.) to be assuaged ^ir 
allayed, to be weakened ; to be 

ASSOUPISSANT, 047. ». sopo. 
riferous, that causes sleep or 
\AssovpissaM may precede the 


man, s. m. drowsiness, sleepiness, 
heaviness. "Assoupissement 
carelessness, sloth, negligence, 

ASSOUPLIR, a^flo-pUr, ». o. v. 
4, to supple, to render flexible. 







r6be, rfib, 16rd, inflod, hfiod, v6s, 


biise, bit, brun. 

Assoitphr un cheval, to break a 
hors& to give him an easy move- 

s'AssotiPLiR, V. r. V. 4, to supple, 
to be suppled. 

ASSOURDIR, a-s6ordir, «. o. V. 
4, to deafen, to make deaf, to 
stun. AssouRDiR, (painting) to 

s'AssouRDiR, V. T. V. 4, to grow 

ASSOUVIR, a-s6o-vlr, v. a. v. 4, 
to glut, to satiate, to sate, to cloy, 
to surfeit. s'Assouvir de (juel- 
qiue chose, to glut upon a thing ; 
to be glutted, satiated or sated. 
man, s. m. a glutting, cloying, 
satiating, satisfying, (little used.) 
ASSUJETTI, E, part. v. 4, fixed, 
fastened. £tTe assujetti, to be 
tied down, to be confined. 
ASSUJETTIR ou Assujetir, as- 
si-jitir, «. a. v. 4, to subdue, to 
thrall, to bring under or into sub- 
jection, to master, to overcome, 
to conquer, to keep under. As- 
gDXETT?^, to subject, to tie up or 
down, to oblige to, to fix, to 
fasten, to make fast. — un mat, 
to fasten a mast. s'Assujettir 
^ guelque chose, to subject one's 
self, to submit, to tie one's self 
to a thing. 

ASSUJETTISSANT, a-s6-24-ti. 
san, sant, adj. v. slavish, that re- 
quires a great deal of attendance. 
[Assujettissant follows the noun.] 
2?-tIs-man, s.m. subjection, sla- 
very, constraint. 

•ASSULE, s. f. (n. h.) a bony or 
scaly shield. 

ASSURANCE, a-su-rans, s. / 
assurance, certainty, - certitude. 
— sotenTielle, protestation. AssijR- 
ANCE, security, safety. Avec — , 
safely. En — , securely. As- 
surance, surety,security, pledge, 
gage, assurance. Assurance, 
assurance, trust, confidence. As- 
stiRANOE; assurance, protestation, 
promise. Assurance, insurance, 
assurance. La chambre des — s, 
le bureau d' — , the insurance of- 
fice. Compofcnie d* — , insurance 
company. Police d—, policy, 
bill of insurance. Assurance, 
{mar.) Coup de canon d^ — , a 
gun fired under proper colours. 
Assitrance, assurance, boldness, 
confidence, hardihood. 
ASSURE, «./. (weaving) woof. 
ASSURE, E, adj. sure, safe, se- 
cure, bold, hardy, confident, 
certain, trusty, unfailing, < 

Assure, subst, insured. Vassu- 
reur el Tassuri, the insurer and 
the insured. 

[Assuri follows the noun when 
applied to things ; applied to per- 
sons, in a bad sense, precedes 
the noun: c^est un assure Tnenteur.] 
/VSSUREMENT, a-sfi-rd-man, 
adv. assuredly, surely, to be sure ; 
questionless, doubtless ; forsooth ; 
really, certainly, sure enough. 
[AssuremenL AssurimentU ^est 
mat comport^; U s'est mal comporti 

assuriment; U s'est assuriment mal 

ASSURER, a-sft-ra, v. a. v. 3, to 
assure (a person of a thing), to 
assert, to aver, to affirm, to avow, 
to promise. Assurer, to secure, 
to make sure of, to assure. As- 
surer, to embolden one, to en- 
courage him, to keep up or raise 
his courage, to inspire with cou- 
rage or confidence. — la bouche 
d'un cheval, to accustom a horse 
to bear the bit. Assurer une 
muraiUe, to prop a wall, to bear 
it up. V: Affermir. Assurer, 
un€ echelU, etc., to secure, to fix 
finnly, a ladder, etc. Assurer, 
to fasten, to make fest or steady. 
Assurer la main, to steady or 
settle one's hand, to make it 
steady. '^ I'oiseau, to train a 
hawk thoroughly. Assurer un 
vaisseau vtarchand, to insure a 
merchantman, to underwrite. 
Assurer fe pamll&n, (mar.) to fire 
a gun under the ship's proper 

s' Assurer, v. r. v. 3, tobe assured, 
to be sure, to be persuaded, to be 
convinced, s' Assurer de queU 
gu'un, to secure one, to engage 
him, to win him over to one's 
interest. S' — d'une voiiure, to 
secure a place in a carriage. 
S' — de quelqu'un, to secure one, 
to arrest nim, to apprehend him, 
to make sure of him. S' — de 
quelqu'uh, to trust in one, to rely 
upon him. s' Assurer, (with 
dans and en) to put one's confi- 
dence, or one's trust in. 
ASSUREUR, a-s&-r6ur,s. m. un- 
derwriter; insurer, assurer. 
*ASSURGENT, adj. ascending. 
*ASTACIDES, adj. and s. m. pi. 
(criisi.) a femily of Crustacea. . 
*ASTACIENS, adj. and s..m. pi. 
{crust.) a family of Crustacea. 
••ASTACIFORME, adj. {crust.) 
resembling a craw-fish, 
*ASTACINES, s. (crust) a 
tribe of cnistacea. 
•ASTACOiDES, adj. et s. 
(crust.) an order of Crustacea. 
*AS'rACl6S, adj. and s. m. pi 
(zoo.) a tribe of polygastrica. 
♦ASTATIQUE, adj. unsteady. 
♦ASTERES, adj. and (Sot.) 
a tribe of flynanthera. 
s. m. pi. (zoo.) family comprising 
the encrini. 
»ASTERIAL, adj. (zoo.) asterial 
(columns of erinoides.) 
♦ASTERIDES, adj. and s. m. pi. 
(zoo.) a family of zoophyta. 
*AST£RIES, s.f. pi. (zoo.) an or- 
der of radiaria. 

*ASTERNAL, adj. the false ribs. 
*ASTERNIE, s.f. (anat.) absence 
of the sternum. 

*ASTEROiDE, s. m. (ast.) term 
applied to Juno, Vesta, Ceres and 

*ASTfiRpiD6ES, adj. and s. /. 
pl.'(bot.)a tribe of synanthera. 
*ASTE:l!OiDES, adj. and s. 
(zoo.) an order of echinodermata. 

■►ASTEROPHIDES, adj. and s (zoo.) a family of zoophyta 
AS'TACITE, «./. V. Astaoolite, 
*ASTACOLITE, s. m. (petrified 

crab,) astacolitus. 
*ASTELLE, s. /. (chir.) splint, 


*ASTER, s. m. aster, star-wort. 
*ASTERIE, s.f. asteria, oculus 

cati, cat's eye ; asteria, star-stone. 

AsTERiE, (a zoophyte) star-fish, 

asteria, encrinite. 
ASTERISME, s.f. (ast.) asterism, 

ASTfeRISQUE, as-td-risk, s. m. 

asterisk, (*) star. 
*ASTEROiDES, s. /. (bot.) aste- 

roides, buphthalnlum, ox-eye. 
*ASTHMATIQUE, 4st-ma-tik, 

adj. (med.) asthmatic, asthmati- 

cal; troubled with a shortness of 

breath ; short-winded. 
*ASTHME, astm, s. m. (med.) 

aslhina, shortness of breath; 

"XSTHfiNIE, s.f. (met?.) debility. 
ASTJC, s. m. shoemaker's glazing- 

ASTICOTER, as-ti-k6-ta, v. a. v. 

3, to plague ; to tease, to vex. 

'^ASTOME, adj. without a mouth. 

bouche, s. m. pi (myth.) Astomi. 
*ASTOMES, adj. and s. m. pi 

{ent^ a family of dipters). 
ASTOUR, 5. m. (com.) discount. 
ASTRAGALE, as-tra-gal, s. m. 

(areh.) astragal, V. Moulure, 

'^Astragale, (anat.) astragalus, 

Astragale, s. m. ou Faussh 

r£glisse, astragalus.milk-vetch, 

wild liquorice. 
ASTRAGALEE, s. /. profile of 

an astragal. 
*ASTRAGALfiES, adj. and s. /. 

pi. (bot) a section of loteae. 
*ASTRAGALOGIE, s. /. (bot.) 

treatise on the astragalese. 
*ASTRAIRES, Astree?, adj. and 

s. (zoo^ an order of polypi. 
ASTRAL, E, is-lral, adj. astral. 
ASTRE, astr, s. m, a star, a planet, 

a celestial or heavenly body. 

I! — de la nuit, the moon. *C'est 

un, — , he is a phsnix. 
*ASTRfiE, as-tra, s.f. star-stone, 

asterite, astrite ; (myth.) Astrea. 
ASTREINDRE, as-trindr, v. a. v. 

53, to force, to compel, to subject, 

to bind down. 
s'Astreindre, v. r. v. 53, to con- 
fine one's self, to tie one's self up 

on" down to a thing. 
ASTREINT, %part.d'Aslreindre, 

V. 53, tied down to ; compelled, 

ASTRICTION, as-trlk sioft, s. /. 

(med.) astriction. 
*ASTRINGENCE, s. f. astrin- 

♦ASTRINGENT, E, as-trin «an, 

zint, adj. et suhst astringent, as- 

trictive, costive, binding; restrin. 

gent ; styptic. 
*ASTROGNOSIE, s. f. synony 

mous with Astronomic, (obs.) 




*ASTROiDE, adj. {lot.) a lichen, 

(parmentaria) so called, 
'ASTROITE, s.f. astroites, star- 
ASTROIyABE, as-trJ-Ub, s. m. 

astrblabe, noctumal.Jacob's staff, 

ASTROLATRE, as-tr6-litr, s.m. 

ASTROLATRIE, a.s-tr6-la-trl, s. 

f. star-worship. 
ASTROLATRIQUE, as-tri-ia- 

frlk, adj. of stav-woiship ; star- 

*ASTR0LEPAS, s. m. {moi) as- 

ASTROLOGIE, as-tri-ia-zi, s. /. 

ASTROLOGIQUE, as-tr5-16-2ik, 

adj. astrologic, astrological. 
ASTROLOqUE, as-tr5-I6g, s. m. 

^■STRQNOME, as-tr6-n6m, s. m. 

ASTRONOMIE, as-tr6-n6-ml, s. 
/. astronomy. 

mik, adj. astronomical, astrono- 

■ [Astronomiqne geuerally follows 
the noun in prose.] 

tr6-n6-mik-man, adv. astronomi- 
•ASTROPHYTE, s./. (zoo.) aste- 

rophyton, stella-marina. 

s.f. syn. with Aslronomie,Cob$.) 

*ASrjRarRiQUE; adj. ifiot) a 

clidesMia so called. 

ASTIJCE, as-tfts, «./. craft, wile, 

ASTUCXEU-X, SE, adj. crafty, 
[Astucieux may precede the 

noun either in prose or verse, 

should' analogy permit or harmony 

require it : un astucieux homme is 

never said, though cet astucieux 

procureuT might be said. See 


ASYLE. V. Asile. 

ASYMETRIE, s.f. (ariih.) assym- 

ASYMPTOTE, s./. (geo.) asymp- 

ASYMPTOTIQUE, a-sijip-ti- 
tik, adj. iji.f. asymptotical. 

RiauE, adj. tfiol. et mol.) not sym- 

*ASYMfiTROCARPE, adj. with 
fruit not synimetrioal. 

AT, terminaison substantive qui 
indique un office . ou quelquun 
ppiiTVu d'unoj/ice, une espibepar- 
tieuliere d^action ou son risultat. 

ATABALE,at-ta.-bal, s.m. atabal, 
a sort of Aioorish drum. 

ATABULE, s. m. (a wind), ata- 

*ATACTOMORPHOSE, s.f. {ent.) 
term apfilied to a larva. 

ATARAXJE, s.f. ipUl) ataraxy. 

*ATAVISME, s.m. {n. h.) resem- 
blance to. the original stock. 

♦ATAXACANTHE, adj. Ifiot.) 
with spines irregularly set. 

b4r, bat, base, antique; th&re, 4bb, ov^r, j^une, mSute, b&urre, Mka: 

* ATAXIE, s.f. (med.) ataxy, nerv- 
j ous fever. 

*ATAXIQUE, a-tak-sik, adj. m. 
! /. (med.) ataxical. 
• *ATG, ». m. (.fruit) atamaram. 
ATE, ou Ata, s.f. (myffi.) Ate. 
; *ATECNIE, s.f. (med.) sterility. 
*ATELEOPODES, adj'.inii s. m. 
\ pi. {orn.) a tribe of natatores. 
ATELIER, at-lla, S.Hi, workshop, 
manufactory, study. — deeliariti, 
workhouse. Ateliers,-^, m. 02. 
(.maT.) sheds, houses, where the 
several arti/icers work. 
ATELLANES, a. f. pi. (.dntiq.) 

ATERMOIEMENT, s. m. !J,UT.) a 
delay of payment; composition. 

ATERlMtbYER, v. a. v. 72, to put 
Q% .to delay a payment, 

s'Ateumoyee, v. a. v. 72, to com- 
pound, to agree with one's cre- 
ditors for a delay or for a compo- 

*ATHALAMES, adj. and «. m. 
pi. (hot.) a class of lichenes. 

*ATHALLE, adj. (ioi.) , without 

*ATHANASI£ES, adj. and s. f. 
pi. (bot.) a section of senecioni- 

*ATH ANOR, s.m. (chim.) athanor, 
slow Harry, furnace of fircana. 

ATHEE, k-ti, s. atheist. 

Athee, adj. atheistical, atheistic. 

ATHfilSME, a-td-lsm, s. m. 

ATH£nA ou Athenee, s. /. 
(myth.) Minerva, A'hena. 

ATHENfiE, a-tsl-na,sim.Athe- 
nseum. — tes cours de V — , the 
classes, the lectures of the Atbe- 

ATHENfeES ou Panathenees, AtheniBa. 

ATHENES, «./. Athens. 

*ATHERICERES, adj. el s. m. pi. 
(ent.) a fam. of diptera. 

*ATHERMASIE, s.f. (med.) mor- 

. bid heat. 

*ATHEr6mE, s. m. (med.) athe- 

*ATHfiROSPERMEES, adj. et 
s. f pi. (hot.) a sec. of monimiese. 

ATHLETE, at-Ut, s. m. (antiq.) 
athlete, champion. Un vrai — , 
a strong lusty fellow. 

ATHLETIQUE, at-ld-tik, s. /. 

AiHLETianE, adj. athletic, ath- 


[AthUlique generally follows the 

ATHLOTHETE, s. m, (antiq.) 

*ATHORACIQUES, adj. et s. m. 

' pi. (crust.) an order of decapoda. . 

'ATHROZOPHYTES, «. m. (bot.) 
alee with crowded fronds. 

*ATHYMIE, s. f. (med.) melan- 

ATWTER, V. a. v. 3, dizen, to 
bedizen, to deck out, to trim, to 
trick out, to dress out, to set oft 

ATLANTE, lit-lant, s. m. (arch.) 
atlante, atlas. 

ATLANTIDES, s.f. pi. (ast.) ttho 

pleiades) Atlantides 
ATLANTIQUE, at-lan-tik, adj. 

Atlantic, . jL'Ocdan — , ou simplo- 

meht I'Allantique, the Atlantic, 

the Atlantic Ocean. 
ATLAS, at-las, s. m. (myth, ent 

ana.geog.) Atlas. 

(ana.) belonging to the atlas ind 


et s. m. (ana.) the superior lesser 

oblique muscle of the head. 

(ana.) a branch of the occipital 


(anu.) the articulation of the atlas 

with the occipital bone; the 

lesser straight muscle of the head. 

adj. (.ana.) the lateral straight 

muscle of the head. 
*ATMIDIATRIQUE, s. f. (med.) 

cure by vapour. 
*ATMID0METRE, e. m. (phys.) 

instrument for measuring the eva- 
poration of water. 
*ATMIZ0MIQUE, adj. (phys.) a 

peculiar hygrometer. 


ATMOSPHERE, at-m6s-fSr, «./. 
the atmosphere. ATM0spHi;EE, 
atmospheric pressure, atmo- 

*ATMOSPHtRILIE, «./. (phys.) 
the inorganic substances existing 
in the atmosphere. 

ATMOSPHfiRIQUEi at-m6s-f4- 
rlk, adj. m. f. atmospherical, at- 

*atmosph£rologie, g. /. 

(phys.) doctrine of the atmo- 
spheric air. 

*ATOCIE, «./. (med.) sterility. 

ATOLE, s. f. sort of pap made of 
Indian com. 

*ATOMAIRE, adj. (n. h.) marked 
with coloured points. 

ATOME, a-tdm, s. m. atom, cor- 
puscle, mote. 

*ATOMIFERE, adj. charged with 

*ATOMIQUE, adj. atomic. 

*ATOMISME, s. m. the atomical 

*ATOMISTlQUE, adj. (chim.) 

ATOMISTE, 5. m. an atomist. 

*ATOMOGYNIE, s. /. (to.) an 
order of didynamia. 

•ATONIE, 4-t6-ni, ». /. :med.) 
atony, debility. 

*ATONIQUE, a-tfi-nik, adj. m.f 
(med.) atonic. 

ATOURNER, ».a. v. 3, to attire, 
to trick out, to dress out, to be- 
dizen, to bedight. (Old ) 

ATOURS, a.t6or, s. m. pi. a wo- 
man's attire, ornament, dress. 
Dame d' — , lire-woman to the 
queen or to a princess. 

ATOUT, a-t6o, s.m. a trumn 

*ATOXIQUE, adj. (rep.) no: vo. 





fig, vire 

rfibe, rib, 16rd, m6od, h5od. 




biit, brun. 

ATRABILAIRE, a-tra-bi-lJ>r,adj. 
Ah of or troubled with melan- 
choly or the spleen ; (sui.) V. Ms- 


[Atrdbilaire generally follows the 
*ATRABILE, a-tra-bil, a.f. (merf.) 

black choler, hypochondria. 
*ATRACHELIES, adj. et s. 

ient.) an order of aptera. 
*ATRACTOSOMES, adj. el s. m. 

pi. (ich.) a fam. of fishes. 
*ATRAMENTAIRE, ». /. green 

vicriolj pyrites. 
*ATRAMENTAIRE, adj. (hot.) 

*ATRAPE, s. /. brass-founder's 


ATRE, atr, s. m. the hearth. 
*ATREMPAGE, s. m. gradual 

heating the pots, etc., in a glass 

*ATRES6LYTRIE, s. /. {ami.) 

imperforate vagina. 
*ATR6SENTERIE, s. f. ifOM.) 

imperforate intestine. 
*ATRESIE, s. /. (firm.) imperfora- 


*atresobl6pharie, «. /. 

(med.) adhesion together of the 


'ATRESOCYSIE, s. f. (ana.) im- 
perforate anus. 

•ATRfiSOCYSTIE, s./. (ana.) im- 
perforate bladder. 

*ATRESOGASTRIE, s. /. (ana:i 

imperlbrate stomach, 

*ATRESOLEMIE, »./. (ana.) im- 
perforate oesophagus. 

*ATRESOMETRIE, s. /. (ana.) 
imperforate uterus. 

*ATRESOPSIE, s.f. (ana.) imper- 
forate pupil. 

*ATRESORHINIE, s.f. (ana.) im- 
perforate nose. 

*ATRfiSOSTOMIE, s.f. (ana.) im- 
perforate mouth. 

•ATRESURfiTHRIE, s. f. (am.) 
imperibrate urethra. 

"ATRETISME, s. m. (ana.) imper- 

*ATRICAUDE, adj. (n. h.) black- 

*ATRICES, s.f. pi. syn. with Con- 

♦ATRICOLLE, adj. (n. Ji.) black- 

*ATRICORNE, adj. (ent.) with 
black antenrus. 

*ATRIGASTRE, adj. (n.i) black- 

*ATRIPEDE, adj. (n. k.) black- 

*ATRIPLIC£ES, Atriplicinees 
adj. syn. with ChenopodeiB. 

*ATRIROSTRE,a<i;: (n. A.) black- 

*ATRITARSE, adj. (n. h.) black- 

ATROCE, a-tr6s, adj. atrocious, 
grievous, cruel, flagitious, hein- 
ous. Douleur — , excruciating 
[Atroce may precede the noun, 

even in prose, provided the ana- 

logy between the two words be 
sufficiently close. Thus we may 
say : une atroce l^u^eie, as .there is 
something atrocious in eowaBdice. 
It cannot however precede hom- 
me,femmt, crimeyinjure^ supplice. 
See Adjectif.] 
ATROCEMENT, a-tr6s-raan, 

adv. atrociously. 
*ATROCEPHALE, adj. (n. A.) 

ATR0CITE,li-tr6-si-ta,s./. atro- 

ciousness, heinousness, gVievous- 

ness, outrageousness, ' atrocity, 

heinous offence, atrocious act. 
*ATROGULAIRE, adj. (n. }i.) 

*ATROMARGINE, adj. (n. h.) 

wiUi a black border. 
* ATROPfiES, adj. el s. f. pi. (hot.) 

a tribte of solancfe. 
♦ATROPINE, s. /. (cUm.) alka- 
loid found in the atropa bellad. 
*ATROPIQUE, adj., acid found 

in the atropabelladoima. 
*ATROPIVORE,a(i/. (ent.) diptera 

so called. 

*ATRpPTERE,(Ki;". (n.A.) black- 
*ATHOSTOME, adj. black- 


PHIDES, adj. et s. m. pi. (rep.) a 

fiunily of reptilia. 
*ATROPHIE, s.f. (med.) atrophy. 
*ATROPHlfi, E, a-tr6-fla, adj. 

wasted, withered. 

*ATROPOS, S.-tr6-p&s, s.f. (myth. 

zool. ent.) Atropoa. 

ATT ABLER, v.a. v.3, to make sit 
down, to set dovra to table, (fam.) 

S' ATT ABLER, sa-ta-bla, v. r. v. 
3, to sit down or to take one's 

glace at table, in order to drink 
ard or to game long, (fam.) 

ATTACHANT, E, a-ta-shan, 
shant, adj. v. engaging, interesN 
ing, attractive. 
[Attachant generally follows the 

noun in prose.] 

ATTACHE, a-tash, s.f. astring, 
a cord, a strap, a leash (for dogs), 
a band (of wood, iron, etc.), a tie, 
a fastening, any thing used for 
tying or fastening with. Prendre 
des chevaux a V — , to keep a 
stable-yard, livery-stables. Une 
— de dtamants, a set of diamonds 
hooked , to one another. — s de 
vilres, bands, bonds (little pieces 
of lead with which iron rods are 
fastened to the panes of glass- 
windows). Un chien d' — , a dog 
that is kept chained up in the 
daytime, a house-dog. ifn livrier 
d'- — , a large greyhound or Irish 
greyhound. * Attache (ana.) in- 
sertion. Attache, attachment, 
tie, affection, inclination, agi-ee- 
ment, consent. Avec — , eagerly 
or closely. Prendre I'—de quel- 
qu'un, to obtain the consent of 
one. Lettres flf' — (jur.), a royal 
warrant for the execution of a 
judgment, an ordinance, etc. 

ATTACHft, E, part, d' Attacker, 
V. 3i fastened, fixed, attached, 
fa^t, tied, bound earnest in, in- 

tent on, bent on, addicted, tena 

ATTACHEMENT, a-tish-man, 
s. m attachment, affection, incli 
nation, eagerness, constant appli 

Attachements, (arcJi.) me 
moranda of the different kinds of 
work in a building, taken pre- 
vious to their disappearing in the 
finish of the house, and w.hJQh 
are had recourse to for niaking 
out the different accounts. 

ATTACHER, aHa-'cha, B.,a. v 
3, to fasten, to make fast, to at- 
tach, to fix, to stick, to tack, fo 
connect, to join, to apply, to af- 
fix, to, suspend, to hang, to hook, 
to link, to chain. — le mineur (jmh) 
to set on the miner. Attacher, 
to attach, to engage, to bind, to 
endear, ATTACHEiR, to fix, to 
apply, to require great applica- 
tion. Attacker, to interest, to 
make attentive, to be engaging, 
to occupy. Attacher son. esprft 
(J qtielque chose,, to apply one's 
mind to a thing, to fix one s mirid 
on, a thing. — sa gloire, to stake 
one's glory. — le.t yeux de quelqu- 
'un, to attract the notice of any 

s' Attacher, v.r. *. 3, to lake Jiold, 
to hold to, to fasten on, to cling, 
to cleave^ to stick, to keep close, 
to adhere ; (paint.) to be crowded 
together, huddled tpgether. s'At- 
. tacher a quelqu'un, , aupres de 
qufilqu^un, to devote one's self 
to him, to adhere to his interests] 
s'Attacher, a quelque chose, to 
be wedded to, to' be tenacious 
of . s'Attacher, to be attached, 
to become attached to, to have 
an afiection for. s'Attacher, 
to gain or win over. s'Attacher, 
to give or to apply one's mind to 
a thing, to set one's self, or to be 
■ intent upon it, to be bent upon.' 
*ATTAGAS ou Attagen,' s. m 
gorcock, moorcock, red-game. 
ATTAQUABLE, a-tak-abl, adj. 
'm, f. assailable, that may be at- 
tacked, impugned. 
ATTAQUANTS, a-ta-kan, s.m. 
^Z.(N.B. attaquants seditplutSt 
dans un cojnbat, et assaillants, 
dons un siege) the assailants, ag- 

ATTAQUE, a-tak, s.f. (mil.) at- 
tack, onset, assault, approach. 
ATTAftiTE, attack, insult, re- 
proach, aggression. ATTAauE, 
the sounding or pumping of one. 
■"Attaciue (med.) an attack, a fit, 
touch. ' ' 

ATTAQUfe, E, part.d'Attnquer, 
V. 3, attacked, assaulted, set up- 
on, provoked, urged. 
ATTAQUER, a-ta-ia, v. a. v 
3, to attack, to assail, to assault, 
to aggress, to fall or set upon' 
one, to come upon, to provoke, 
to set upon, to challenge, to 
begin a quarrel with one. At"- 
TAatjER quelqu'un de paroles, to 
attack one, to fall foul upon one 
with words. — quelq it' un en justice, 
to commence an action at law, 









ibb, ov^r, j^flne 




to institute proceedings against 
any one. — un cheml, to spur a 
horse. ATTAauER, to cut up, etc. 
— cepali, cut up that pie. 11 at- 
toque Hen la note imus.), he maizes 
the note tell distinctly. — une He, 
un cap, nne cdte, (mar.) to near an 
island, a cape, a coast for the 
purpose of reconnoitring. 
s'ATTAQtTER d quelqu'uu, v. r. v. 
3, to challenge, to defy, to sot 
tipon, to meddle with, to find 
fault with, to stand up against 
one, to fall foul of one, to reflect 
upon, to come upbn, to fall iipon, 
to encounter one. S*—au del, 
to defy heaven. 

ATTARDER, v. a. v. 3, to delay. 
s'Attarder, v. t. v. 3, to delay, to 
linger, (Jam^ 

ATT£DI£R, v.a. V. 3, to tease, to 
tire, to ti'ouWe, (obsolete.) 
ATTEINDRE, 4-ii»dr,D.a.v.53, to 
touch, to strike, to hit. — son but, 
to hit the mark, to gain or reach 
one's end. Atteindbe (Jig.) to 
reach, to afTect. Atteindke, to 
reach, to arrive at, to come to, to 
attain. Atteindee, to reach, to 
come up to, to come up with, to 
overtake, to catch, to join. At- 
TEINDRE, to equal. Atteindjie 
(mar.) to join, to come up with. 
Atteindre, v. n. v. 63, to reach, 
to come at, to touch, to attain to a 
thing, to obtain it, to compass it. 
— au but, to hit the mark. 
_ lAUeindre, without the preposi- 
tion i is applied to persons in ge- 
neral, and to things attained wjth- 
out difficulty; with the preposi- 
tion d it is confined to things and 
supposes difficulty, etc. : atteindre 
d la perfection, au but] 
ATTEINT, E, a-tint, pari, d' At- 
teindre, V. 53, hit, struck, attack- 
ed, troubled, affected, infected, 
overtaken, reached, impeached, 
attainted, arraigned. 
ATTEINTE, s. /. blow, stroke, 
touch. Les — s dufroid, the ap- 
proaches of cold. *Atteinte, an 
attack, or a fit of disease, a touch. 
Atteinte, knock or hurt (which 
one horse receives from another 
that treads on his heels, or which 
he occasions himself by bringing 
the hind feet down upon the 
fore). Dormer — d une bague, to 
hit a ring. Atteinte, attack, 
injury, damage, harm, reach. 
Donner — d quelqu'un, to set up- 
on one, to tease him. Hots d' — , 
out of reach. 

ATTEL, s. m. Atteloire, s. /. 
peg, pin. 
ATTELABIDES, adj. et s. m. pi 
(fint.) a group of curculonides. 
*ATTELABUS, s. m. tent.) atte- 
labos, arachnoides. 
ATTELAGE, at-laz, s. m. a set 
of horses (for a carriage), a set or 
team of horses, oxen, etc. (for a 
wagon or plough.) 
ATTELfii E, part. d'Atteler, v. 
73, put to a coach or plough (for 
the drawing of it). 
ATTELER, ktii, V. a. v. 73, to 

put horses to a coach or cart, etc, 
or oxen to a plough. 
*ATTELLE, k-m, s.f. (chir.) V. 
AsTELLE. Attelle, (saddlery,) 
the haum. AttiIlle, a flat piece 
of iron used by potters. 
ATTEL0IRE,aaw4r, V. Attel. 
ATTENANT, E, at-n^u, nant, 
adj.v. next,contiguous. adjoining. 
[AUenant governs d or de: d is 
however the more appropriate of 
the two]. 

ATTENANT,prep. next, near to, by. 
(Old.) Je toge tout — ,adv. Hive 
hard by. 

ATTENDANT, E, a-tan-dan, 
dant, s. m. et f. expecting, that 
waits or stays for any thing, (fam. 
and little used). 
En ATTENDANT, loc. odv. in the 
mean time, in the interim, mean- 
En attendant, {ger. of atiendre 
used as a prep.) En — vos lettres 
de change, until your bills of ex- 
change arrive. En — mieux, un- 
til something better may turn up. 
En attendant auE, conj. till, un- 
til. En — quHl vienne, till he 
ATTENDANTS, s. m. pi. atten- 
dant, the name of a sect who 
maintain that there is no true 
church in the world. 
ATTENDRE, a-tandr, v. a. v. 6, 
to wait for, to stay for, to tarry 
for, to expect, to look for, to be in 
expectation of. Atiendre quelqu'un 
en bonne divotitm, to expect one 
with a design to make him wel- 
come. C'est oiije Vattends, tliere 
I shall have him. Attendre,(^.) 
to await, to attend, to be reserv- 
ed for. Attendre, to wait for 
(a person), to await or wait for a 
thing. . 

Attendee, v. n. v. 6, to stay, to 
wait, to tarry. Se faire — , to 
keep people waiting. Attendre, 
to put off or delay doing a thing 
till, to wait till, etc. Attendee 
d, to wait till, to stay till. At- 
tendre APRES, to be in want of, 
to stay or wait for. N" — pas 
aprh une chose, to be m a condi- 
tion to do or to live without a 
Attendee, v. 6, with the ^rep. 
DE, to expect, to hope for. 
b' Attendee, v. r. v. 6, to rely 
upon, to depend upon, to count 
upon, to trust, to trust to, to ex- 
pect, to anticipate, to count or 
reckon upon. 

■ [Attendre governs the subj. J'at' 
tends Qu'il vienne. S'attendre, 
used afBrmatively, governs the fu- 
ture : Je m'&itends ' qu'U viendra ; 
negatively it governs the subj. : 
ne vous attendezpas queje le fasse.] 
ATTENDRE, %part. et adj. v. 4, 
moved, affected, touched. 
ATTENDRIR, a-tan-drlr, u.a.v. 
4, to make tender, to sotlen. At- 
TENDEiR, to soflen, to stir the 
softer passions, to move, to melt, 
to affect. 

s'Attendrir, 11. r. v. 4, to grow 
tender. s'Attendrir, to be 

moved, to melt, to pity, to relenf, 
to sofien. 
[S'attendriT sur quelqu'un, is to 

gity one, to feel compassion for 
im; s'aitendrir pour quelqu'un, is 
to pity one, to feel concerned for 
him with a disposition to protect, 
defend, or assist him.] 
ATTENDRISS.-VNT, E, adj. v. 
moving, melting, afiecting. 
lAttendrissanlibllows the noun, 
may precede it; cet altendrissftni 

dris-man, s. m. compassion, pity, 
commiseration, relenting, the re- 
lenting of one's heart, tenderness. 
ATTENDU, E, a-tan-di, dft, 
part. d'Aitendre^y. 6, waited for. 
expected, Ce gigot n'a pas ili 
assez — , this leg of mutton has 
beeh cooked too soon, or it should 
have been kept longer. 
Attendu, prip. considering, on 
account of, in consideration of, 
regard being had to. 
Attendct QtjE, loc. coTy. seeing 
that, as, whereas, in or iiyt as 
much as. 

ATTENTAT, a-tan-ta, ». m. a 
capital crime, a wicked attempt, 
an outrage, an outrageous enter- 
prise, encroachment. 
ATTENTATOIRE, a-tan-ta- 
tw4r, adj. (jur.) outrageous, un- 
lawful, illegal. — d TautOTiti d'- 
unejuridiclion, done in contempt 
of a jurisdiction. 

A;ITENTE, a-tant, s./. expecta 
tion, expecting, waiting, longing, 
waiting. Perdre son — , to be 
disappointed in one's expecta- 
tion; Attente, trust, confidence, 
hope, expectation. Attente, 
{arch.) Fierres d' — , toothing. 
lchir.)*Ligature S — , a temporary 
ligature; (ort«.) Table, £ — , any 
thing prepared to carve, engrave, 
or draw upon. 
ATTENTER, i-tan-tsl, v. n. v. 3, 
to attempt, to make an attempt. 
[Anenter governs d, canlre and 
sur : attenter d la vie de quelqu'un ,• 
attenter contre le prince; attenter 
sur la personne de quelqu'un.] 
ATTENTI-F, VE, a-tan-tit; tlv, 
adj. attentive, heedful, mindful, 
oteervant, intent upon a thing, 
diligent, careful. 
[Atlentif constantly follows the 

ATTENTION, i-fln-sion, s. / 
attention, attentiveness, applica- 
tion, heedfulness, mindfulness, 
earnestness, carefulness, vigi 

lance, watchfulness. Fauie d' 

inadvertently, for want of at- 
tention. Attention, regard, re- 
spect, consideration, attention. 
Sans — , reckless. 
[Attention, faire attention que, 
governs the indicative, even when 
used negatively: Une fait pas at- 
tention que la chose n'estpaspra- 
AT-TENTIONNfe, E, J-tan-sI 

6na, adj. attentive. 
man, adv. attentively, heedfuUjr 







rJbe, r6b, 16rd, 

mdod, hdocl, 






watchfully, intently, earnestly, 

mindfully, carefully, diligently. 

[Atletitwemenl may come be- 

twepn the auxiliary and the verb.] 

*ATTENUANT, a-ta-nft-an, 
Attknhatif, adj. v: el subst 
{med.) attenuant, dtlenuatlng, 
that has the power of making 
thin OT diluting, weakening, 
wasting; tjur.) palliating, ex- 

fiIo7i s /. (little used,) attenua- 
tion, weakening or lessening of 
strengih^ ijur.) extenuation, mi- 
tigation, palliation, 

ATTENUE, E, adj. et part, at- 
tenuated, wasted, emaciated, etc. 
palliated, mitigated. 

ATTENUER, a-ta-nii-a, v. a. v. 
81, to attenuate, < to weaken, to 
macerate, to make thin or lean, 
to impair or waste (one's strength 
and £esh), to extenuate, to miti- 
gate, to palliate. 

ATTERAGE ou Atterrage, i- 
td-raz,«. IK. (mar.) landing, land- 
fall. Faire son — , to approach 
land, to make the land. 

ATTERIR, a-ta-rlr, «. n. v. 4, 
(mar.) to land. 

ATTERRERv.3,Atterer, a-ti- 
ri, V. a. V. 77, to throw or strike 
down, to bring to the ground, to 
overthrow, to destroy, to demo-, 
lisfa, to ruin, to cast down. 

Atterkeb, v. n. v. 3, (mar.) to 
make the land. 

ATTERRIR, V. Atterir. 

RissEMENT, a-tS-ris'mau, s. m. 
alluvion, accretion, sand and soil 
brought down by a stream, and 
fixing on the bank of a river. 

ATTESTATION, a-t^s-ta-sion, 
s. f. attestation, certificate, vou- 
cher, testimonial. — de vie el de 
imeurSj a character. — sous ser- 
ment, an affidavit. 

A'lTESTER, a-tgsrta, v. a. v. 3, 
to attest, to certify, to aver, to 
avouch, to witness, to protest, to 
warrant, to swear, to testify, to 

- prodaim, to call or to take to 

ATTICISME, a-ti-sism, s. m. a^ 
ticism, concise, pithy and ele- 
gant style, polite and genteel rail- 
lery I humour, (gram.) atticism. 

ATTICISTE, a-tl-slst, s. m. 
(philol) atticist. 

ATTICURGES, (arch.) at- 

ATTIEDIR, a-tU-dlr, v. n. v. 4, 
to cooL 

s'Attiedir, v. r. v. 4, to cool, to 
grow cool, to become cool. 

man, s. m. lukewarmness, abate- 

S'ATTIFER, sa-ti-fa, v. r. v. 3, 
(said only of women and joe.) to 
prankj to dress, to trick up, to 
set off one's head. 
ATTIFET, k-tl-Ss, s. m. a wo- 
man's head -gear or ornament, 
•ATTINTER, v. a. v. 3, (mar.) to 

*ATT1RABLE, adj. that may be 


ATTIQUE, at-tik, adj. attic, af- 
ter the Athenian way, Ordre — 
(arcTi.) the Attic order. (Sub.) ks 
— s, the attic writers, the atiiosi 
Sel — (Jig.) attic salt, attic wit, 
[Attique always follows the 

noun.] - 

ATTiauE, s. m. (arch.) attic. — de 
comble, attic of a roof 

A T T I Q U EMENT, a4ik-man, 
adv. (gram.) attice. 

ATTIRAJL, 4trtjTr4;,,f m. ^ng. 
apparatus, impleihe'nts, utei^i)!, 
tire, gear, furniture,, (,/a^;) lug- 
gage, baggage, train, gear,, equi- 
page, attire, 

ATTIRANT, E, adj. v. attractive, 
alluring, engaging, eiiticing. 

ATTIRER, a-a-ri, v. a. v, 3, to 
attract, to draw, to bring' over, 
to win over, to lure, to wheedlfe, 
to ehtice. ' 

s'Attirer, v. r. v, 3, to draw down 
upon one, to draw or liring upon 
one's self or upon one's head, to 
incur, to run into, to get into, to 
attract, to win, to gain, to get, — 
des affiiires, — de m,^hSntes af- 
faires, to get into 'or bring one's 
self into a scrape. — une njtaladie, 
to catch a disease, , 

ATTISER lefm, a-tl-za, «. a. y, 

■ 3; to make up the fire (a wbod 

' fire), to stir it up, — lefeu, (jig.) 
to throiw oil upon the fire, to add 
fuel to flame. 

ATTISEUR, ». m. one that makes 
up the fire. ' 

ATTISONNOIR, s. m. (foundry,) 

ATTITRER, a-jl-tra, v. a. y. 3, 
Juges commissionnaires attitris, 
appointed judges, commission- 
ers. Marchand attiiri, the shop- 
keeper one usually deals with, 
— , to suborn, to procure by bri- 

ATTITUDE, at-ti-tvid, s. f. atti- 
tude, posture. V! Posture. 

*ATTOLE, ou CINATE, a-t61, 
s.f. (bot.) annatto. 

A'rrOLLON, s. m. ATTOLES, 
s, a cluster of small Islands 
which lie very close together. 

ATTOMBISSEUR, s. m. a. bird 
that attacks the heron in its flight. 

man, s. mj touch, touching, feel- 
ing, contact, palpation. 

ATTOUCHER, D. n. v. 3, to be 
akiii or related to someliddy ; to 
be his relation or kinsman. (Old.) 

ATTRACTI-F, VE, a-trak-tif, 
tlv, adj. attractive. 
[Altraclif after the noun,] 

ATTRACTION, a-tTak-sion,s./. 
attraction, drawing to. 


ATTRAIRE, v. a. (old, inf. only 
used,) to allure, to entice, to draw. 

ATTRAIT, a-trS, s. m. allure- 
ment, attraction, enticemeiit, 
chatm; disposition, inclination, 
taste ; charms, beauty. 

ATTRAPE, a-trap, s. /. bite, 
trick, take-in, fool-trap, (fom,) 

ATTRAPE, s. m. a hypocrite, 
swindler, cheat. (Fam.) 


■ (plant) muscipula, catch-fly. 

trape-lourdaud, a take-in, a 
fool-trap. (Both are familiar.) 

ATTRAPE, E, part. d'Altraper; 
V, 3, caught, bit, taken in, 

ATTRAPER, a-tra-pS, v. a. v, 3, 
to entrap, to insnare, to trap. 
— auflct, to mesh, to insnare, to 
take m a net. — au. nmud coulant, 
to noose. PrcTidre ^ la' glu, to 
lime. Atthaper, to take in, to 
;catchi to insnare, to overreach, 
to be too many for, to outwit; 
to cheat, to trick, w bite, to tre- 
pan. Attraper, to catch; to 
come up with, to overtake ; to 
seize,_ Attraper, to. get, .to 

- catch, to secure ; to receive.; — un 
rhyme, to catch a cold. — son but, 
to compass one's ends or Edm. 
— qitelqu'un sur le fail, to catch, 
to take, to surprise one in the, 
fact. Att-raper, to hit,:to reach. 
Ce. cheval s'atXrape, that horse 
hits biinself (in walking). At- 
traper ?e sens d'un auteur, to 
catch the sense of an author, 
Attrape-toi cela 1 take, that V(fam. 
exclamation^) he is caught now I 
he has it now ! 

ATTRAFES, s. f. pi. (mar.) re- 
lieving or tripping ropes or 

AT'TRi'LPEUR, 5. OT. Attra- 
PEUSE, s. f. deceiver, deluder, 
clieat; — de rats, s.m. a ratcatcher. 

ATTRAJPOIRE, a-tra-pw^.r, s.f. 
a trap, a pit-fall, a snare ; a wile, 
a bite, a trick 

A'PTRAYANT. E, a-tr«-yan, 
yant, adj. v. attractive, alluring, 
mviting, inciting, winning, en- 
gaging, charming. 
[Attrayant may precede the 

noun when harmony requires or 

analogy admits it,] 

ATTREMPANCE, s.f. modera- 
tion of a passion. 

ATTREMPfi, adj. (hawkmg,) 
neither fat nor lean. 

ATTREMPER, v. a. v, 3, to tem- 
per iron ; (fg., obsolete,) to mo- 
derate, to temper, > 

ATTRIBUER, a-tri-bft-a, v. a. 
V. 81, to atlTibute, to ascribe, to 
irnpute (a thing to one) ; (fam.) 
to put down or, upon, to score 
down to, to father upon. Attri- 
BUER, to attribute, to assign, to 
allow, to Ascribe — a une charge 
des imolumenis, to annex emolu- 
ments to an office. 

s'Attribuer.v, 81, to assume, to 
take upon one's self, to arrogate 
to one's self; to challenge, to 

ATTRIBUI", a-tri-bii, s.m. attri- 
bute, predicate, symbol, emblem,. 

ATTRIBUTI-F, VE, a-tri-bii-tlf, 
tlv, arf;'. (;Mr.) attributive. ' 

ATTRIBUTION, a-tri-bti-slo*, 
s. /. privilege, prerogative; the 
concession of a right, or prer<i- 
gative ; jurisdiction, province, 
department; prerogative, power 




bar, bat, bafie, antique: ihfere. ^bb, oygr, jgune, m^nte, bSurre, li^n; 

Letlres d' — , a commission grant- 
ed to an inferior judge, empower- 
ing him to judge without appeal. 

ATTRISTANT, E, S.-lri84an, 
taht.od;". V. sad, sorrowful, grievr 

[Attristant generally follows the 


ATTRISTER, a-trls-td, v.a. v. 3, 
to grieve, to malie sad or sorrow- 
ful, to afflict, to trouble, to cast 
down, to sadden. 

s'Attrister, v. r. v. 3, to grieve, 
to yield to sorrow ; to bet sad, 
troubled, sorrowful or afflicted ; 
to give one's self up to sorrow ; 
ifam.) to take on. 

ATTRITION, a-tri-sion, s.f. at- 
trition, contrition. Attrition, 
iphys.) attrition, rubbing, friction. 

ATTROUPE, E, part. d'AUrou- 
per f V. a. v. 3, got together, ga- 
thered in crowds, assembled. 

man, s. m. a riotous assembly, a 
mob, a rout, a rabble^ 

ATTROUPER, ». a. v. 3, to as- 
semble, to gather, to get together. 

^■'Attrouper, v. r. v. 3, to fiotik 
together, to gather in crowds, to 
get together tumultuously. 

AU, 6, to the i au palais, to the 
palace. Au in the pi. Avx. Aux 
pauvres, to the poor. Au and Aux 
nave parti'tular uses, for which 
see the nouns and verbs to which 
they are joined, as au dipourvu, 
unawares ; see also the'^rep. A. 

AUBADE, &-bad, s.f. serenade. 
AuBADE, (Jg.) reproof, check, 
lecture. - ■ 

AUBAIN, &-bi«,''s. ja. Aubaine, 
s.f. ijur.) alien, foreigner. 

AtlBAINE, 6-bfe, s./. Aubain- 
A6E, s.f. (jur.) aubaine, escheat, 
escheatage. Droit d'^-, enfran- 
chisement. Aubaine, a wind- 

a sort of balustrade to support the 
rails of the gfangway. 

AUBAN, 6-ba)i;s.m. tax on shops. 

AUBE, 6b, s.f. the dawn or dawn- 
ing. Aube, (^.)analb. AuBESde 
■moulin, the -ladles or float-boards 
(of an undershdt-wheel.) 

AUBE, s.f. (jFrance) Aube. 

•AUBEPINE, 4b-a-piii,' s. /. mi 
AuBEPiN, s. jn. hawthorn, white- 

AUBERE, 6-b6r, adj. C}ieval~-, 

a flea-bitten gray-horse. 
AUBERGE, S-berz, s.f an ,inn, 

a public-house, a victualling 


AUBERGE, F. Albebge. 
AUBERGINE, V Melongene. 
AUBERGISTE, 5-bir-zist, s. m. 

el. f. innkeeper, publican, vic- 
AUBERON, s.m. catch of a look. 
AUBERONIERE, s.f. clasp. 
•AUBIER, 6-bia, s.m. the white 

AuBiER ou AuBoia, (the last is 

not used) sap-wood. 
•AUBIFOIN, 6-bI-fwin, s.m. cya- 

nus, bluebottle. 


AUBIN, b-hin, s. m. canter, hand- 
gallop. AuBiN, the white of an 

AUBINER, 6-bl-na, v. n. v. 3, to 

AUBINET ou Saint-Aubinet, 
s. m. (mar.) no man's land. 
''AUBOURS, s. m. (tree) laburnum. 
*aubours, s. m. cytisus Alpinus, 

*AUCHENATES, adj. el 
(ent.) order of insects. 
*AUCHfiNION, s. m. (/am.) that 
portion of the neck below the 

*AUCH]i;NOPTERES, adj. el s. 
m. pi. lich.) a family of fishes. 
el s. m. pi. {ent.) a family of he- 

AUCTUAIRE, 6k-tfi-6r, .. m. 
complement, supplement. 
AUCUN, E. i-iunMa, art.ndg. et 
suhst. (is always accompanied -by 
the particle ne) no, hot any,none, 
no one. Aucun, {after doubt, in- 
terrogation, loses the particle ne) 
&ny,-~-de ;dous, any of you. Au- 
cun, any whatever; sans bdni- 
Jice — , without any profit what- 
ever. Aucun, (sometimes j)Z.) no, 
any. II n' a fait — es dispositions^ 
he has made no arrangements. 
Sans-rrS. frais, without, any ex- 
pense; — (in simple and jocular 
style) some people,, some folks. 
V. NuL. 

[Aucun, preceded by Tie and fol- 
lowed by qui, que, dont, etc., go- 
verns the> subjunctive; il n^y a 
a ucun de ses amis qui Tie paHag^&t 
sa fortune avec lut, not one of his 
friends but would, etc.] 
AUCUNEiMENT, i-iiin-man, 
adv. (is aiWays accompanied by 
ne) in-no.wise^no ways, not at all, 
not in the least. — , Monsieur! not 
in the least, sir! Aucunement, 
(chancery law style) in some 
sort. X£T(n,ayanl'—4gardci...,ihe 
king, considering, in some sort... 
AUD, terminaison, subst. marque 
la Itauieur, V devotion, Vorgueil, 
la, hardiesse, Vaudace, Vexces: 
dans la composition des adjectifs, 
revient aux mots tres, fort, bien. 
AUDACE, drdas, s./. audacious- 
ness, audacity, insolence, assu- 
rance, presumption, boldness, 
confidence. Payer A' — , to bra- 
zen it out. V. Hakdiesse. 
^uz-man, adv. audaciously, da- 
ringly, boldly, confidently, pre- 
[Audacieusement may come be- 
tween the auxiliary and the verb.] 
AUDACIEU-X, SE, d-da-si-6u, 
sieuz, adj. et subst. audacious, 
daring ; impudent, insolent ; pre- 
sumptuous, confident, bold; high- 
spirited, enterprising. 

[Audacieux may precede the 
noun: cetaudacieuxjeunehomme.] 
AU-DEQA, fid-sa, prep., on this 

AUtDELA, id-la, prep. On the 
other side, beyoni 

AUDIENCE, 6-dians, s.f. audi- 
ence. Prendre son — de congi, 
to make one's will. Audience, 
court, sitting, the judges who 
hear causes. Fermerl' — , to close 
the court. B tenait I'audience, 
he tried that cause Sentence 
d' — , a sentence of the court — 
d huis clos, a sitting with closed 
doors. Cause d' — , the cause 
brought on for hearing. Audi- 
ence, the court or hall (where 
causes are heard). Audience, 
audience, auditory. Audience, 
audience. L' — de Quiio, the 
audience of Quito. 

AUDIENCIER, ft-dian-sla, adj. 
Huissier audieruder, an usher or 
crier of the court. Gf rand — , 
one of .the chief officers in the 
chancery of France. 

AUDITEUR, Mi-t6ur, s. tu. au- 
ditor, hearer ; follower, disciple. 

AuDITEUR, petty judges or law 
officers who assist at the sitting 
of certain courts, but who have 
no deliberative voice (sometimes 
adj.) Jiige, -:-, judge auditor. — 
au confeil d'JElat, auditor in the 
council of state ; secretary of a 

AUDITI-F,V£, 6-dI-tif,tiv,(an<«.) 

AUDITION, s.f. Uur.\ hearing, 
audit (used only in these two 

{ihrases). i' — des tdmoins, the 
learing of the witnesses. — de 
compte, an audit of accounts. 

AUDITOIRE, 6-di-twar, ». m. 
congregation, audience, audito- 
ry ; company of hearers. AuDIr 
TOiiiE, session-house, a court or 

■ hall where causes are heard ; 
lecture room, haU. 

AUGE, bz, s.f. a trough; plaster- 
er's trough, tray or hod ; scour- 
ing-tub; trough, channel. — s 
d^UTie roue, ladles or buckets. 

AUGE, d goudron, (mar.) tar- 

AUGEE, &-za, s. /. a hod-full, 

AUGELOT, &J-16, s. m. a little 
Shovel (used by -vine-dressers). 
AuGELOTS, ladles (used by salt- 

AUGER, &-za, v. a. v. 79, to hol- 
low out (as a trough). 

AUGET, 6-2^, ». m. seed-box or 
drawer (of a bird-cage). Auge't, 
the spout (of a mill-hopper) ; la- 
dles or buckets (of a wheel). 

*AUGITE, s.f. (min.) -augite. 

AUGMENT, 5g-man, s.-m. (jur.) 
jointure, settlement or dowry. 
Augment, (gram.) augment. Aug- 
ment, (vied.) increase. 

AUGJMENTATEUR, «. m. aug- 
menter, improv^er. 

AUGMENTATI-F.VE, fig-man- 
ta-tif, tlv, adj. (gram.) augmen- 

AUGMENTATION, ig-man-ta- 
sion, s.f. augmentation, increase, 
enlargement, addition, improve- 

AUGMENT^, E, part. d'Aug- 

AUGMENTER, 6g-man ta,ii.A 







j:6be, r6b, 16rd 

m6od; hdod, 




bftt, bran. 

V. 3, to augment, to increase, to 
enlarge, to add to. Augmenter, 
to raise the wages, to increase 
the salary of any one. 


71. el r. V. 3, to augment, to in- 
crease, to grow, to multiply. 

AUGSBOURG, Augsburg. 

AUGURAL, E, 5-gii-ral, adj. 

augurial, relating, belonging to 
an augur. 

AUGURE, 6-g6r, s. m. augury, 
divination, omen, presage, token. 
De mauvais — , ominous, ill-bod- 
ing, portentous, portent. Au- 
GURE, augur, soothsayer, diviner. 

AUGURER, 6-giJ-r5, v. a. v. 3, 
to augur, to augurate,. to conjec- 

• ture, to surmise,- to guess. 

AUGUSTAT, 5-g{is-ta, s. m. a 
Roman dignity. 

AUGUSTE, 5-gflst, adj. august, 
a\vful, sacred, venerable. 
[Aueuste may precede the noun 

when narmony, circumstances or 

the sentiments of the speaker or 

writer admit of it : une augusle as- 


AUGUSTEMENT, adv. in an au- 
gust manner, (obsolete). 

AUGUSTIN. 6-giis-ti7i, s. m. an 
Austin friar. Augustine, s.f. an 
Austin nun. Saint — , (a kind of 
type,) English. Saint-augustin, 
(a pear), saint' Austin. 

AUGUSTmiEN, (kZj. sk6s«. Au- 
gustinian. one who adheres to 
the doctrine of St. Austin. 

AUJOURD'HUI, b^boi-diiladv. 
.to-day, this day- fy-^en huii, 
this day se'nnight, (placed either 
before or after the verb). Ce- 
jourd'hui, (Jar.) this day. Au- 
-JOURd'hui, now-a-days, now, 
this age, .at present. 
lAujourd'hui : we say jusqu'a 

demam, though not jusqu'a au- 

jaurd'hui, the preposition a being 

unnecessary, as aujourd'hui, is 

neither more nor less than i le 

jour de hut,] 

». m. pt (ich.) a family of fishes. 

AUL4;UM, s. m. (ant.) aultBum, 
the stage curtain in the theatres 
of antiquity. 

AULETE, It-lit, s. m. flute-player. 

AULETIQUE, 6-la-tik, «. /. 
flute-playing, the auletic art 

AULIQUE, adj.fhe Aulic council. 

AuLiQUE, s. /. the thesis main- 
tained by a student in divinity 
for a doctor's ■ degree. Faire 
son — , to stand for a doctor's de- 

AULIRE, (mar.) V. TendeIuET. 

AULNAIE, AuLNE, Ahlnee. V. 
Au-MAiE, Aune, Aun^. 

AU-LOF, (mar.) luff 

AULOFFfeE, s. /. (mar.) the act 
of springing the luff or a yaw to 
the luffi Faire une — , to spring 
the luff 

•AULOSTOMIDES, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (ieh.) a family of fishes. 

AUMAILLADE, S-ma-Zad, «./. 
trammel, drag-net (used in cut- 

AUMAILLES, adj. pi. BUe^-, 

homed cattle. 
AUMEE, 6-ra4, ». /. mesh (of a 

trammel net). 
AUMONE, 6-m6n, s. /. alms, 

charity. Etre i V — , riduit & 

V — , to be reduced to beggary. 
Tferres (cnufisen/rancA^T-,franK- 

almoin, frank-aumone, a tenure 

by divine service. Aumone, 

l(old law,) fine. 

AUMONfiE, &-m6-ni, s.f. alms 

AUMdNER, o-m6-nd, v. a. v. 3, 
to pay a fine for the poor. 

AUM6NERIE, 5-m6n-rl, s. /. 

the dignity of an almoner, al- 

AUMONIER, 5-m5-nIa, ». m. al- 
moner, chaplain, beadsman. — de 
vaisseau, ship's chaplain. 

Aum6ni-er, ^re, 6-m&-nid,nl4r, 
adj. alms-giving, charitable ; 
(sub.) alms-giver; (pZ.) alms-folk. 

AUM6NIERE, &-m6-ni4r, s.f. 
alms-box, alms-chest, alms-purse. 

AUMUSSE OK AuMUCE, s.f. (egl.) 

AUNAGE, ti-na.2, s. m. alnage, 
ell-measure, measuring by ells. 

AUNAIE, b-nb, «. / an alder- 
plot, a grove of alders. 

AUNE, &n, s. f. ell, ell-wand. 
Tout du long de V — , very much, 
excessively, soundly. - 

*AuNE, s. m. alder-tree. 

AUN£e, 6-na, ou feNULE-CAM- 
PANE, S.f. (plant), helcnium, ele- 

ATTNER, 8-nA, v. a. v. 3, to mea- 
sure by the ell. ■ 

AUNETTE, &-n4t, s. /. alder- 

AUNEUR, 6-n5ur, s. m. alnager, 

AUNIS. ». m. (France), Aunis. 

AUPARAVANT, &-pa-ra-van, 
adv. before, first, heretofore, pre- 
cedently, ere now. 
[AuparavaTit, auparavant mot, 

instead of awznt moi; auparavant 

de faire instead of avant de faire 

or avant que de faire, are down- 
right solecisms. Auparavant has 

no regimen whatever.] 

AUPRES, 8-pr4, pr^. (is always 
accompanied by the pref. de), 
near, by, close to or by, nigh. 
AuPRfes, near to, with, in, over. 
£tre—d'un seigneur, to live with 
a nobleman,' II est hien — du roi, 
he is in favour with the king. 
Me nuire—de vous, to hurt me in 
your opinion. AupRiJs, to, in 
comparison with. Votre mal 
n'esl rien — du sien, your distress 
is nothing to his, in comparison 
with his. 

AupRtes, adv. by, hard by, close 
to. Tout — , hard by. 

PAR AuPRts, adv. by, near, hard 


*AURA, s. m. (om.) aura. 

*AURA, s. f. (med.) vapour, sub- 
tle emanation. 

*AURADE, s.f. (chim.) fatty siib- 
stance found in the essential oil 
of the orange flower. 

AURAIE( (>-T&, s. m. mooring 
block, mooring stone. 

*AURANTJAC£ES, adj et s. f 

pi. syn. with Hespiridies. 

*AURANT1C0LLE, adj. with 
Orange-coloured neck. 

*AURANTINE, s. /. (cUm.) bit- 
ter principle of the unripe orange-. 

*AURA'rEi s. m. (chim.) aurate. 

*AURATICOLLE,adj. with gold^ 
coloured neck. 

AURfiLIE. V. Chrysalide. 

AURENGABAD, «. m. Aurun- 

AURfiOLE, 8-rEi-51, s.f. glory, 
aureola, the degree of glory of 
saints in heaven; 

"AUREOLES, s. m. pi. (orn.) a 
family of sylvicolee. 

*AUREUX, adj. (chim.) aureus. 

*AURIBARBE, adj. with gold- 
coloured beard. 

*AURIC6PHALE, adj. with 
gold-coloured head. 

Aurico-Baryticiue, adj. Ahri- 
co-Cadmique, adj. AuRico-Co- 
BALtiauE, adj. AURICO-Ll- 
THIQUE, adj. double salts con- 
sisting of an auric salt with one 
of ammonia, of baryta, &c. &c. 

•AURICOLLE, adj. with a gol- 
den-yellow neck. 



Rico-NicooLi(inE, adj. AoRico- 
PoTASsiatiB, adj. AuRico-So- 
DiauE, adj. Aurico-Stron- 
TiauE, adj. AuRico-ZiNcianE, 
adj. double salts consisting of ah 
auric salt with one of magnesia, 
of iiianganese, &o. &c, 

*AURIC0RNE, adj. with horns 
of a golden-yellow. 

'►AtjRICULACfiS. adj.. el. s. m. 
pi (mol.) a fam. of cephalophora. 

AURICULAIRE, i-ri-ifl-lir, adn 
auricular. Le doigi — , the little 
[Auriculaire follows the noun.] 

*AURICtLAIRES, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (hot.) a -group of fungi. 

*AURICULARINS, ttdj. et s. m 
pi. (hot.) a tribe of hymenomyci. 

(hot) auriculato-piimate. . 

♦AURICULE, s. fianat.) the ex- 
temal ear. 


adj. (hot. mol.) aurieulate. 

*AURICULIF0RME, adj. re- 
sembling an auricle. 

LAIRE, adj. (aruil.) auriculo ven- 

*AURIDES, s. m. pi. (mn.) a fa- 
mily of minerals. 

AURJFJ;RE, 6-ri-fSr, adj. auri- 
ferous, yielding or producing 
gold, gold-bearing. 

AURIFIQUE, adj. changing into 

*AURIFORME, adj. ear-shaped. 

*AURIGASTRE, at?;, with belly 
of a golden-yellow colour. ', 

(med.) of a golden-yellow. 









4bb, ovir, 


mfiute bfeurre. 


'AUiilGERE, adj. allot.) a Leei- 
dea, so called. 

AURILLARD. V. Oihllard. 

AURIPEAU ou Oripeau, s. m. 
brass tjnsel. 

*AURIPENNE, adj. with gold- 
coloured winga. 

AURIQUE, (ttij. 7oaes— «,shoul- 
der-of-mutton sails, bermudoes- 
4£iils,, lug-sails. 

*AURIQLJE, adj. (chim.) auric. 

*AUKISCALPIUM, s. m. (chir.) 
an ear-pick. 

*AURITARSE, adj. with gold- 
coloured tarsi. 

»AURI VENTRE, adj. having a 
golden-coloured belly. 

*AUROCEPHALE, adj. with 
head of a golden-yellow colour. 

*AUROCHS, s. m. urus, wild bull. 

*AUROFERRIFERE, adj. (min.) 
containing gold and iron. 

*AURON, &-ron, s. m. an Ameri- 
can adder. 

*AURONE,o-r6n, s.f. abrotanum, 
southern wood. 

*AURONE, MULE, s. /. V. 

(771271.) containing gold and lead. 

*AUROPUBESC£NT, ad)", with 
down of golden-yellow colour. 

*AURORE, adj. of a saffron-yel- 
low colour. 

AURORE, 5-r6r, s.f. dawn, morn- 
ing, morn, morning-dawn, day- 
spring. K. Day-spking. Couleur 
a' — , a sort of yellovv colour. De 
la sole — , deep or dark yellow 
silk. AunoRE, (irpytJi.) Aurora. 
AuRORE, the east. Les climats 
de V — , the eastern climes. Au- 
RORE B0R:fiAi.E, aurora borealis ; 
(^.J dawn. Vne heauid dans 
son — , a beauty in her dawn, in 
the bud, in her teens. V. Teens. 

*AURURE, s. m. (fMiri.) alloy of 
gold with another metal. 

AUSCULTATION, 6s-iul-ta- 
sioTi, s. f. (pAys., med.) auscul- 

AUSPICE, us-pIs, s. m, auspice, 
omen, presage. Heureux — s,- a 
good omen. Sous les — 5 de quel- 
qu^un, under the auspices, pro- 
tection of some one. 

AUSPICINE, &s-pi-sln, s.f. aus- 
picy, auguration. 

AUSSI, 0-si, co7y. too, also, like- 
wise. Aussi, too, besides, more- 
over. Dites-lui aussi de 3IUI part, 
tell him besides, moreover, from 
me. Adssi, therefore, but then, 
accordingly. Aussi les rois Vont- 
Us difendu, therefore kings have 
forbidden it. Aussi, so neither. 
Aussi ne I'a-lril pas fait, so nei- 
ther has he done it. Aussi, but 
then, but indeed ; {interrog.) but 
why then, so. lldevrait ctre ar- 
rive, aussi I'est-il, he should have 
been come ere now, so he is. 
Aussi, as (repeated), as much as, 
as much. 
[Aussi, adverb of comparison, 

IS always followed by que : il est 

aussi savant que, and not comme 

son pire. Examples to the con- 

traiT are frequently to be met 
with in CorneiUe and Moliere.] 
AUSSI BIEN, coTi;. for, and the 
more so as. Je. n'ai que f aire de 
I'en prier, aussi bien ne nCdcou- 
ierail-il pas, I will have nothing 
to do with entreating him, the 
more so as he would not listen 
to me. AusBi bien auE, conj. 
as well as. Je sais cela aussi 
bien que vous, I know that as well 
as you. Aussi peu que, as little 
as, as few as. Ms out aussi peu 
d'argent I'un que Vautre, they 
have as little money the one as 
the other. Aussi, so. Comment 
un homme aussi .sage, etc., how 
has so grave a man, &c. 
AUSSIERE ou Haussiisre, s. f. 
(77ior.),haw3er, small cable. 
AUSSITOT, adv. immediately, 
presently, directly, forthwith, 
out of hand.. Aussitbl dii, aus- 
siibt fait, no sooner said than 

AussiToT auE, conj. as soon as, 
whenever; (elliptically), Aussi- 
ibt voire lettrere^ue, immediately 
on receiving your letter. 
[Aussitot que governs the indi- 
cative, and always the future 
when the English may use either 
the present or future: aussitot 
quHl viendra, as soon as, whenever 
he comes or shall come. 
AUSTER, s. m. auster, austro, 
AUSTERE, is-tfer, adj. austere, 
severe, rigorous, stern, rigid, 
sour, grave. Trcp — .'over-rigid. 
Front — , grave look. Austere, 
(pAi/s.) harsh, rough, sour, sharp 
(to the taste). 

[Austere may precede the noun, 
though this depends upon the ear 
and analogy : il s'dlevait par une 
austere verta, etc. ; un austere de- 
voir.] ^ 
AUSTEREMENT, 6s-t4r-man, 
adv. austerely, severely, rigidly, 
rigorously. ■ 

[Austhement may come be- 
tween the auxiliary and verb.] 
AUSTERITE, 6s-td-ri-tsl , s. f. 
austerity, austereness, roughness, 
severity, strictness, rigour, mor- 
tified life, mortification. 
AUSTRAL, E, 6s-tr41, adj. (has 
no masc. pi.) austral, southern, 
[Austral follows the noun.] 
AUTAN, s. 771. a gust or smiall of 
the south wind, blast. L'auian 
furieux, the wild-blast. 
AUTANT, 6-tan, adv. as much 
as, as many as, so much as, so 
many as. Auiant d* hommes que 
de femmes, as many men as wo- 
men. Je suis auiant que vous, I 
am as good as you. Unefois au- 
tant, as much again. Cest tou- 
jours auiant, 'tis so much got. 
AuTANT (repeated), as much, so 
much. Auiant il a de vivacity, 
auiant vous avez de nonchahnce, 
you are as dull as he is lively. 
Locutions. C^est un homwe mart, 
ou auiant vaut, he is a dead man. 

Boire d'autant, to drink hard, A 
la charge d'autant, on condition 
that you'll let me make returns. 
AuTANT. jEffiph'c, as well. Auiant 
ne pas y alter du tout, as well not 
go at all. AuTAKT d'un acte 
{jur.) a copy of. a deed, the du- 
plicate of a vvriting. Autant 
dUE, as far as. Autajit que j'en 
puisj-uger, as jar as I can conjec- 
ture. Autant comme autant, 
a great many, a great deal. Aii- 


QUE, as well as, as much as, as 
bad as. 21 est auiant bien d la 
cour qu'on y puisse Ure, he is as 
well at court, in as great lavour 
as can be. 

d' Autant plus ou d'Autant 
MiEux, the more so, so much the 
better, the rather. Je ten aime 
d'autant mieux, I love her the 
more for it. (D'autant plus re- 
peated is old, jplus repeated is 
now used.) Plus on les midile, 
plus on les trouve viriiables, the 
longer we reflect upon them, the 
truer they appear to us. 

d'Autant moins, the less, so much 
the less. R en est d'autant mains 
a craindre, he is the less to be 

d'Autant que, com;, (^ar.) for as 
much as, wherea.s, in as much as. 

d'Autant jQue (fam..) seeing, 
more especially as. D'autantque 
rien ne vous y oblige, seeing or 
more .especially as you are not 
obliged to do it. 

AUTARELLE, s. /. (mar.) Y. 

AUTEL, 6-tfil, 5. 771. altar, com- 
munion-table. Le grand — , Ze 
maHre — ,■ the great or high altar 
(in catholic churches). Le St. 
SacremffiU de V — , the host (in 
the catholic religion), the holy 
Sacrament, Eucharist. Nappe 
d' — , altar cloth. Undeimntd — , 
an altar front. Marches de V — , 
altar steps. T^es — s, religion, 
church. Ami jasqu'aux — s, a 
friend as far as conscience per- 

AuTEL, s. 771. (constellation) Ara. 

AUTELAGE, b-t&l-kz, s. m. al- 

*AUT6MESIE, s.f. (med.) spon- 
taneous vomiting. 

*AUT0CARPIEN, adj. (bot.) X. 
applied to fruit. 

*AUT0CHTH0NE, adj. synon. 
with Aborigene. (Little used.) 

AUTEUR, h-t&m, s. m. author, in- 
ventor, maker, cause, contriver. 
AuTEUR, author, writer; (fam.) 
brother of the quill. (In music) 
composer. (In the arts) painter, 
sculptor, engraver. Plat — , scrib- 
bler. L' — elle-mhne, the author 
heiself. AuTEUR, author, report- 
er. Elle est mon — , she is my 
author or my authority. Aoteur 
(j'ur.) an owner, principal or sel- 
ler of things upon warranty. 
Les-s de sa race, the founders 
of his race, his ancestor. 

s.f. authenticity, genuineness. 







r6be, r5b, 16rd, m6od, hflod, 






AUTHENTIQUE, 6-t4n-tik,adj, 

authentic, authentical, original, 

certain, genuine.' 

[AuUientique follows the noun.] 
AuTHENTiQUE, s. f. Suthenlic 

Roman laws, original. Xai wt 

I' — , I have seen tlie original. 


tik-man, adv. authentically. 

lAu1h£ntiquement may come be- 
tween the auxiliary and the 


AUTHENTIQUER, 6-tan-tl-ta, 

». a. V. 3, to authenticate, to 

make authentic. — une femme, to 

declare a woman arraigned and 
convicted of adultery. 

AIJTOCEPHALE, s. m. (a Greek 
bishop) autocephalus. 

AUTOCHTHONES, s. m. pi. au- 
tochthones, aborigines, the na- 

AUTOCLAVE, 5-t6-clay. s. m. 
saucepan with a perforated lid. 

AUTOCRATE, 6-t6-crat, s. m. 

AUTOCRATIE, S-t6-cra-si, s./. 

AUTO-DA-FE, 5-t5-da-fa, s. m. 
auto-da-fe, act of &ith. 
iAuio-da-fi^ des auto-dd-fi.'] 

AUTOGRAPHE, 6-t6-graf, adj. 
autograph, autographical. Subs. 
TIL Riitoerraph, autography. 

AUTOGRAPHIE, 5-t6-gra-fl, «. 

f. a species of lithography, auto- 

V. a. v. 3, to give an autography 
lay lithography. 

AtJTOIR, AuTOis, 6-twir, s. m. 
veil (of the women in Picardy). 

♦AUTOMALITE, 6-t5-ma-llt, s. 
m. (Tnin.) automalite. 

AUTOMATE, a-t6-mat, s.m. au- 
tomaton, androides. 

AUTOMATIQUE, 4-t6-mi-tik, 
adj. des deux genres (physiol. and 
Tried.) automatic, automatical, au- 

AUTOMATISME, 6-t6-ma-tlsm, 
5. m. automatism. 

AUTOMNAL, E, fi-t6m-nal, adjf. 
(has no autumnal. 

*AUTOMNATlON,s./. influence 
of autumn upon vegetation. 

AUTOMNE, &-t6n, s. m. elf. au- 
tumn, the fall of the leaf, fruit 

AUTONOME, adj. (antiq.) auto- 

AUTONOMIE, «./. (antiq.) auto- 

AUTOPSIE, s. f. autopsy, the 
opening of a dead body, a post- 
mortem examination. 

AUTORISATION, 6-t6-ri-za- 
sioK, .«./. authorization, authori- 
ty, consent. Autorisation d^un 
iuteur, authorization, authoriz- 
ing, empowering (of a guardian). 

AUTORISER, 5-t6-ri-za, D.O.V. 3, 
to authorize, to empower, to give 
a sanction, authority or power ; to 
allow by authority, to legalize, 
to license, to warrant, to justify. 

S'AuTORiSER, V. r. v. 3, to get or 
gain authority, to be authorized, 
to make or tp have a pretext. U 

^autorise de Vexemple d'autrui. 

he makes a pretext of the exam- 
ple' of others. 

AUtORITE, 5-ta-ri-ta, s. f. au- 
thority, legal power, command, 
rule, sway. Autorite, authori- 
ty. Les agents del' — , the agents 
of authority or of government. 
Les — s, the constituted authori- 
ties. AuTORiT^, autliority, credit, 
power, interest, weight; conside- 
ration, sway, influence. Auto- 
rite, authority, testimony, proof. 
Fdire — , to be an authority, to 
serve as a precedent. , 

*AUTOUR, 6-t6or, s. m. (otti.) 
goshawk or goss-hawk. Autour 
(kind of cinnamon) autour. 

AuTOUR.prep.about, round ,around. 
Tourner — du pot, to go aliout the 
bush. Autour, about, with. II 
esttoujours — d'elle, he is always 
about or with her. 

Autour, adv. about, round, round 
about. Id — , hereabouts. 

AUTOURSERIE, s. /. the! art Of 
training goshawks. 

AUTOURSIER, s. m. one that 
trains goshawks. 

AUTRE, Atr.arf/. other, different, 
second, another. 

AuTRB> (pron. ind.) ai^other, other, 
others, else. 

Autre, (^pron.rel.) another, other, 
others. L'un I' — , one another, 
each other. L'un et I' — , both. 
L'un ou V — , either the one or 
tho other. Nil'un ni V — , neither. 
Les uns et les-^s, all. A I'envi 
l'un de V — , in emulation of one 
another. i)e temps d^^de temps 
en temps, is better), from time to 
time, now and then. De cbti et 
d' — ,up and 'down. lyun coii 
et d'un — , about and about. De 
part el d' — , on both sides, on all 
sides. Locutions: i/ est un — hom- 
me, tout un — komme,il estdevenu 
tout — , he is no more the same 
man, he is quite another man, he 
is quite altered. C'est — chose, it 
is quite another thing. Nous — s 
Franfois, we French folks. Vous 
Ues bien crupls, vous — sjiomjnes ! 
you men are very cruel ! Causer 
de cltoses et d' — s, to talk of dif^ 
ferent things. L'unoautV — ,one 
is as good as the other, they are 
both alike. U y en a d'uns et 
d'-~s, there are good and bad. 
C'est tout un ou Zoui—, there is no 
other alternative. L'un dans 
V — , l'un portant V — , one with 
another, on an average. Jen ai 
vu bien d—s, I have seen many 
stranger things than that. A 
d' — s, pshaw,! knov¥ better, tell 
that to others. A d' — s, me ri- 
pondit-elle, not you indeed, re- 
plied she. 

AUTREFOIS, fitr-fwa, adv. for- 
merly, in former times, in times 
past, of old, heretofore, erst 

AUTREMENT, 6-tr-raan, adv. 
otherwise, after another manner, 
anpther way. Autrzment, else. 

or else, otherwise. JSntrez^—je 
fermerai la parti, come in, or else 
I'll shut the door. Autrement 
(preceded by pas), not much, in- 
differently, fas — riche, not over 
[Autrement, denoting compari- 
son, is followed by iple ne : il parle 
autrement qu'il ne pense, ana not 
Qu'ilj)ense.] ' 

AUTRE-PART, adv. elsewhere, 
somewhere else, in or to another 
place. Je sais' cela d' — , I know 
it from another quarter. 
d' Autre part, conj, besides,more- 
over, on the other hand, 
AUTRICHE, s./. Austria. 
AUTRICHIEN, -NE, adj. Aus- 

'AUTRUCHE, 6-triish, «./. os- 

AUTRUI, 5-triil, others, other 
people. La femme d' — , another 
man's wife. 
\Autrui is generally preceded 
by a preposition, though we can 
say, tromper autrui. This word 
never forms the subject of a 
phrase : autrui a sesintdrUs,\h.o\i.^\ 
son, sa, aes, may in the second 
clause of a sentence relate to au- 
trui in the first; en ipousant les 
iiitdr^ts d'autrui, etc. 
AUVEL, 6-v41, s. m. a cane hur 
die (used by fishermen at the 
mouths of rivers.) 
AUVENT, 6-van, s.m. shed, pen 
tice, penthouse. 

AUVERNAT, s. m. a sort of deep 
red and heady wine. 
AUVESQUE,6-vdsk, s. m. a much 
esteemed sort of cider. 
AVX,pl. au, to the. V. the pre- 
position A, and AU. 
AUXESE, 5k-zSs, s. f. exaggera- 
tion, ,auxesis. 

AUXESIE, s.f. (me(?.) increase, 
AUXI, 6k-si, s. m. spun wool. 
AUXILIAIRE, 6k-sl-li4r, adj. 
auxiliary, subsidiary. 
Auxiliaire, s. m. auxiliary. 
AUXOiVIETRE, s. m. (optics) aux- 
♦AUZUBE, s. m. (tree of St Do- 
mingo), Auzube. 
AVA, s. m. (Asia,) Ava. 
s'AVACHIR,sa-va-shlr, 1). r.v.4, 
to flag, to grow flaggy, faint, 
heartless, (pop. applied to wo- 
men,) to grow fat and flabby. 
s'AvACHiR, to get out of shape, to 

fet seedy, to go down at the 

AVAGE, s. m.^droit d'—) right of 
the hangman to a toll on certain 
eatables brought to me^rket. 

AVAL, ji-val, adv. (the opposite 
of amont,) down, downwards 
down the river. Un allait amom, 
I'autre — , one was going up the 
river, the other was going down. 
Vent d' — , a westerly wind, west 
and north-west wind. 

Aval, s. m. endorsement (of a bill 
of exchange). 

AVALAGE, s. m. the letting dowi" 
wine, etc., into a cellar, or tho 
hire for doing so. 





bir, bat, base, antique: thJre, Jbb, ov&, jeune, mfiute, b^urre, Ii6n: 

AVALAISON, a-va-lS-zon, AvA- 
LASSE, 5. /. a flood, a torrent. 
AVALAISON, (mar.) a long con- 
tinued west or north-west wind. 

AvALANGE, a-va-lanz, s. f. on 
Lavanche, s. /. OM Lauvines, s. 
/. pZ. avalanche. 

AVAL A NT, atZ;'. e( s. going down 
the river. 

AVALASSE, s.f. V. Avalaison. 

AVALE, E, a-va-la, part. d'A- 
voter, V. 3, swallowed, adj. flag- 
ging, hanging down, aunlc, fallen 
m, etc. 

AVALfiE, s. /. a stretch, a ply ; 
what the weaver can work with- 
out turning the cane-roll and 
knee-roll of his loom. 

AVALER, a-va-lJ, v. a. v, 3, to 
swallpw, to swallow down, to 
sup up. — un affront, to pocket an 
injury. — le caiice, — le 7norceau,~f- 
to buckle to. — des coideuvres, to 
pocket an alTront. Avaler, to 
let down, to vail. — la lanterne, 
let the lantern down. AvaiiEK, 
(gardening) to lop. — un. bras & 
quelqu^n, to cut off one's arm. 

AvALiSR, V. n. V. 3, to go down 
the river, drop down the river. 

s'Avaler, v. r. V. 3, to flag, to 
hang down, to fell down or jn. 

A VALETTE, k-vk-lH, s.f. a sort 
of float (used in angling). 

AVALEUR, a-va-14ur, s. m. one 
that swallows or sups up. Un-~r- 
de pots gris, a greedy-gut. tin 
— de charreltes ferries, a bully, 
a hector, a huff) a braggadocio. 

AVALIES, s.f. pi. glover's wool. 

AVALOIRE, a-va-Iwar, s, /. a 
large throat or swallow. Quelle 
— ! what a greedy-gut! A.VA- 
LOiRE, (saddling), breeching. 
Courroks del' — , hipstraps. AvA- 
LOiRE, (hatting) Stamper. 

AVALURE, s. f. (vet.) hoof bony. 

AVANgAGE; a-van-siz, s. m. 
permission to public vehicles, to 
take up more 'than the ground 
allotted. Avancagepour unfiaci'e, 

AVANCE, a-vans, s.f. the start, 
the way one has got ahead of or 
before another. Avance, ad- 
vance, a step in a business or 
work, forwardness. , AvANCE,an 
out-jutting or leaning-piece in a 
building, projecture, projection, 
bearing-out, prominence. A- 
VANCE, advance,advance-money, 
payment in hand, paying before- 
hand. AvANCE, advance, step, 
first step, offer,tender. n'A vance, 
PAR Avance, adv. beforehand. 
d'Avance, {mar.) ahead. 

AVANCfe, E, paH. d'Avancer, v. 
78, advanced,extended,stretched 
out, forward, early, forwarded, 
hastened, set forth, put forth. 
SeraineUe — e, a perdue-centinel. 
Les fruits sont — s, the fruit is 
forward. Vn ouvrage — , an out- 
work, an advanced or detached 
"work. Je n*en suis pas plus — , 
t am not a bit the better for it. 

AVANCE]VIENT.\a-vanj-man, ». 

m. progress, advancement, pre- 
ferment, promotion, rise,forward- 
ness, forwarding, advancing, fur- 
therance; Dotini en -^ d'hoirie, 
(jur.) given him beforehand, as 
part of what he was to inherit. 
AVANCER, a-van-sa,«.a.v.78, 
to bring or to put forward, to 
reach out, to stretch out, to set 
forward, to bring or put nearer. 
Avancer, to hasten, to advance, 
to bring nigh, to set forward. 
Avancer, to forward , to ad vance. 
Avancer, to advance, to give or 
pay beforehand, to lay out or 
down, Avancer, to advance, 
to assert, to bring forth, to lay 
down, to hold forth, to propoundf. 
Avancer quelqu'un, to advance, 
promote or prefer, to get advanc- 
ed^ promoted or preferred, to pro- 
mote the Interests of any one. 
Avancer, to avail, to profit, to 
gain' or get. 

Avancer, v. n. v. 78, to. advance, 
to get on, to proceed, to march 
on, to move on or forward, to 
keep on. Avancer, to go too 
fast, to come early. Avancer, 
to encroach. Avancer, to jut 
out, to stand out, to lean over, to 
stick out, to bear out, to shoot 
out Avancer, to advance, to 
improve, to make some progress, 
to thrive, to be forward, to rise. 
La besog-ne avance fort, the work 
goes on apace. 

s' Avancer, «. r. v. 78, to advance, 

■ to go or move forwanl, to stand 
forth, to draw near, to come up. 
S' — ■ vers ou — vers, to make up 
to. s'AvAJJCEK, to be or get for- 
ward, to get on, to improve. 
s' Avancer. to advance one's self, 
to get preferred, to be successful. 
s'Avancer, to go far. s' Avan- 
cer, to jut out, to stand out, to 
shoot out, to project. 

AVANCEUR, s. m. a gold-wire 

AVANIE, i-va-nl, s. /. (among 
the Turks) a vania, exaction, I, fig.) 
insult, injury, affronting words, 
affront, wrong, offence, outrage. 

AVANO, a-va-n5 s, m. a sort of 
net. I 

AVANT, a-van, b. m. {mar.) the 
prow, head or forepart of a ship j 
adv. ahead, afore. Le ch&teau d'- 
— -, the forecastle. — d^un vaisseau, 
head or bow of a ship. — maigre, 
lean-bow. — • ilxnici, flaring-bow. 

joufiu ou rmfli, blufF-bow, the 
strokesman in a boat or galley. 
Le vent vient de V — , the wind is 
in our teeth. Vaisseau sur F — , 
ship which is too much by the 
head, fie V — ^ nous, ahead of 
us. AUer de l' — , to be under 
way. Se faire de I' — , to be as- 
tern of one's reckoning. Le vent 
se range de V — , the wmd scants! 
— (command to rowers) pull a- 
way! — tribord! pull away 
starboard, pull with the starboard 
oars! — quipeul! pull with the 
oars that are Shipped, 

AvANT, pT(p. before. — toules cha- 
ses, above all things. Dis — le 

diluge, even before the flood, 
AvANT TOUT, first of all, befor^ 
all, above all, above all things, 
A VAST, adv. (commonly used with 
si, hien, trap, plus, assez, forf) 
far, deep, forward. Creuserfort 
—.Plus — , further, deeper, you 
carry things too far. La chose 
alia si — ,^^e,ipatters went so far, 
that, etc. Bien — en mer, a great 
way to sea. 
d'-Avant, advi before. Lejour d' 
— , the day before. 
AvANT auE, coTij. before, etc. — ■ 
qu'il soil un an, before the year 
be at an end. 
AvANT DE, before. 

lAvant, avant que depariir, avant 
departir, have occasioned much 
discussion among grammarians; 
The latter however is the more 
generally used of the two. Avant 
que governs the subjunctive: je 
lui aipayi ceite somme avant qu^il 
partiU The subjunctive is some- 
times, preceded, by ne, for which 
no positive rule has yet been given. 
It seems to be employed where 
there is a doubt as to the reality 
or accomplishment of the action: 
hatez-vous de partir avant qu'il ne 

En avant, a<i«. dtHieu, for^va^d,on- 
ward, forth. — , marche, {mil.) for- 
ward, march. Mettre — , to pro- 
pose, to advance, to assert, to pro- 
pound, to put.forth. Ce chevaleU 
■ beau de la main —, this horse has 
afinechest,'fineforeqaarters. En 
avant, in advance, before, in 
front, on. 

En avant, adv. de temps (old in 
this sense), forth, forward. De 
cejour la — , from that day forth. 
AVANT-BEC, a-van-bSk, ». m. 
{arch.) the starling or projecture 
of a bridge pier. 
"■AVANT-BOUCHE, s. /. {anal.) 
OS anticum. 
AVANT-BRAS, a-van-hri, s. m, 
{aruU.) fore-arm. 

AVANT-C ALE,«./. {mar.) launch 
of a ship on Ihe stocks. 
s. m. {fort.) the first-covered-way. 
COEUR, a-van-ilur, s. m. {anat.) 
the pit of the stomach. Avant- 
coEUR, {vet.) anticor. 
AVANT-CORPS, a-van-kfir, i.m. 
{arch.) the fore-part or projecting 
AVANT-COUR, s.f. {arch.) a fore- 
AVANT-COUREUR, s.m.avant- 
courier, forerunner, harbinger. 
AVANT-COURRIERE, s.f. fore- 
runner, harbinger. 

et/.e(ad/.thelastbutone. L' — e 
syllabe, the penullima. 

AVANT-DUC, s. m. piling at the 
abutment of a bridge. 

previous decision, previous judg- 

AVANT-FOSSfe, s. m. {fart.) van: 
fosse, van-corridor, fore-ditch, a 
ditch -without the counterscarp. 


field, fig, win : r6be, r6b, 16rd, mAod, h6od, v&s, mon : bise, but, brun. 

AVANTrGARDE, a-van-gard, s. 
/. vanguard, the van, {mar.) the 
,van of a fleet. , 
AVANT-GOOt, s. m. foretaste, 

AVANT-HIER, a-van-tifer, adv. 

the day before yesterday, two 

days ago, — matin, two muraings 

AVANT-JOUR, s. m. morning 

AVAJNT-LOGIS, ». m. (arch.) the 

AV ANT-MAIN, 4 -van-min, s. m. 

( the foie-hand of a horse. 

{anat) the palm of the hand, A- 

VANT-MAiN, forehand stroke, a 

stroke with the fore-side of the 

AVANT-MUR, s. m. screen-wall, 
outward wall, 

AVANT-PART, s.f. Ijur.) preci- 

AVANT-PECHE, a-van-p6sh, s. 

f. the white nulmeg-peach. 

AVANT-PIED, s. m. the upper- 
leather of the foot of a boot, the 

*AVANT-PIEDS, s.,erU.) 
fore feet. 

AVANT-PIEU, s. m. (agri.) an 

AVANT-PLANCHER, s. m. false 

*A VANT-POIGNET, s. m. (amt.) 
the fore-wrist 

AVANT-PORT, s.m. (mar.) outer 

AVANT-PORTAIL, «. m. fore- 

Avant-Sternum, s.m. (ent.) parts 
of the thorax of insects. 

AVANT-POSTE, s. m. {mil.) out- 

AVANT-PROPOS, a-van-pr6-p&, 
s, m. a prefatory discourse, pre- 
face, preamble, exordium. 

AVANT-QUART, «. m. (clock- 
making,) warning. 

AVANT-SCENE, «. /. prosce- 
nium. Les ivinemeitis ^ui for- 
ment — , the foregone incidents. 

AVANT-TOIT, s. m. fore-roof, a 
projecting-roof, eaves, 

AVANT-TRAIN, s, m, the fore- 
carriage of a coach, etc. (Man.) 
the chest and fore-legs of a horse. 

AVANT-VEILLE, k-vin-vkl, s. 
f. the day before the eve, the 

AVANTAGE, a-van-taz, «. m. 
advantage ; vantage-ground , be- 
nefit, interest; behalf, behoof; 
success. Tai V — de dire, I have 
the honour to say. Frendre 
qu£lqu'un A son — , to take one at 
a disadvantage. Eire manii d 
I' — , to be well-mounted. Prendre 
de V—pour monter d cheml, to 
make vse of. a blpck to get on 
horseback, S'habiUer & son — ; to 
dre,ss, to be dressed to the best 
advantage. Avantage, {mar.) 
the, head of a ship, with its cut- 
water. — du vent, weather-gage. 
Gagner I' — du vent sur un vais- 
tmu, tg weather a ship, to get 

the weather-gage of her. Avan- 
tage, (in play,) odds. 
AVANTAGE, E, orf;. fiivoured; 
endowed, endued, 
AVANTAGER, i-van-ti-zd, v. 
a. V, 79, to give, or allow an ad- 
vantage ; to bestow an advantage 
on; to favour; to benefit, to ad- 
vantage; to be favourable or 
boimtiful to, Avant.vger de, to 
bestow upon, to endow with, to 
endue with, to give. 
a-van-ta-s^uz-man, adv. advan- 
tageously; usefully; profitably, 
beneficially ; successfully ; ho- 
nourably. S'habiller — , to dress 
to the best advantage. 
[AvantdgeusemeiU after the verb, 
or between the auxiliary and the 

AVANTAGEU-X, SE, a-van-ta- 
seu, ziuz, adj. advantageous; 
salutary, profitable, beneficial, 
favourable. Vne laitte — se, a fine 
size with a noble look. Une cou- 
lear — ,■ a colour that becomes 
one extremely well. Avanta- 
GEcx, conceited, presuming, con- 
fident, assuming, overweening; 
overbearing, domineering, un 
air — , a conceited, self-important 
air. Un Urn—, a confident, as- 
suming tone. Uestun — , he is a 
conceited fellow. J^ire—en pa- 
roles, to out-talk every body. , 

[Avantageux generally follows 
the noun.] 

AVANTIN, ». m. V. Ckossette. 
AVARE, a-vir, adj. avaricious, 
miserly, covetous; stingy, nig- 
gardly,, close, close-fisted, hard; 
penurious, parsimonious, sparing, 
niggard,— du sang, sparing of 

[Avare may precede the noun 
when analogy admits of it: une 
avare iccmomie. See Adjectif.] 
Avare, s. m. a miser, a niggard. 
(The following are used in a con- 
temptuous manner,) curmud- 
geon, hold-fast, pinch-penny, 
muck-worm, pinch-gut,, pinca- 

AVAREMENT, adv. avaricious- 
ly, covetously, stingily, sordidly, 
niggardly, (little, used.) 
AVARICE, a-vajls, s.f. avarice, 
covetousness; stinginess, nig- 
gardUness, closeness, 
AVARICIEU-X, SE, a-va-ri- 
si^u, sl^uz, adj. avaricious, co- 
vetous; stinCT, close, fast-hand- 
ed ; (&m, and old,) 

[Avaricieux generally, follows 
the noun: might precede it, hut 
this is a matter of taste as well af 
analogy : cette avaricieuse humeur. 
See Adjectif,] 

AVARIE, a-va-ri, s.f. anchorage. 
Av ABIES, s.f. pi. average, damage. 
AVARii, E, a-va-ria, adj. ave- 
raged, damaged. 
AVASTE, (mor.) avast. 
A VAU-L'EAU, down the river. 

Toutes ses enireprises sant allies 
— , all his undertakings are come 
to nought. 

AVE ou AVE MARIA, s. m 

(the beads of the rosary,) avd 

Maria, Av^-Maries, {ave has no 

s. in the pi.) Je reviendrai dans 

un — , I will be back again in a 


AVEC, a.-v&k,prep.witii, together 

with; against; for all, among.^- 

cela, — tout cela, for all that, never. 

theless. Je m'en vais Hre — moi, 

I shall soon be by myself. d'Aveo, 

from. Discemer le. Men d'-^le 

mal, to discern good from evil. 

AVEINDRE, a-viBdr, v. a. v. .'53, 
to take out, to letch out, {fam.) 

AVEINT, E, part. d'Aveindre, 
v. 53, taken out. 

AVELANEDE, av-la-n4d, ». /. 
(in tanning,) valonia, 

*AVELINE, av-lin, s. f. filbert. 
— s purgatives, Mexican purging- 

*AVEUNIER, av-li-nial, «. m. a 

*AVELLANAIRE, adj. {geol.) 
granular rock with grains of the 
size of a filbert. 

*AV£NACE, adj. resembling 

*AVENACEES, adj. et s. f. pi. 
{hot.) a tribe of graminete. 

AVENAGE, s. m, {jur.) avenage. 

*AVENAINE, s. f. {cldm.) the 
gluten of oats. 

AVENANT, iiv-nan, {jur.) in 
case that, if it should happen 
that. — le dich de I'un dee deux, 
in case either should die. Ave- 
NANT, E, adj. V. well-looking, 
genteel, pleasing, prepossessing, 
taking. Air — , genteel, prepos- 
sessing air. 
\Avenant after the noun.] 

A l'Avenant, Ipe. adv. et fam, 
prmortionably, ahswerably. 

AVENEMENT, a-v4n-man,».m 
coming, accession, advent, ad 

AVENERIE, s.f. an oat-field. 

AVENIR, av-nir, s. m. the fu 
ture, futurity, time to come ; pos 
terily. Avenir, existence, fu 
ture welfare, hope, prospect, fu 
ture fate. Get homme n^a aucuii 
■ — , that man has no future pros- 
pect, no fiirther hope, .4.venir, 
{jnr.) a summons, a subpoena 
Faire signifier en — , to, summon 
to send a subpoena. 

A l' Avenir, adv. henceforth, in 
future, for the future. 

Avenir, adj. indecl. les hiens — , 
the advantages to come. 

Avenir, v. n. v. 21, imp. (used 
only in the third person,) to be- 
fall, to chance, to fall out, to 
happen, t» come to pass, Quoi 
gu'il avienne, whatever be the 
consequence. 11 avint que, it 
happened that. Ainsin'avienne, 
God forbid. 

AVENT, a-van, s.m. the Advent. 
L' — de iel prddicaleur, the Ad- 
ven^sermons of such a preacher 

AVENTURE, a-van-tlr, s.f. ad- 
venture; event, accident, turn; 
luck, chance, hazard, venture; 
bold and hazardous enterprise; 





bat, hiee, 



ihb, 0V&, j^une, 




intrigue, amour, an alikir of gal- 
lantry. Mettre tout & V — , to 
leave or commit all things to 
chance. Par hom\£ — , by good 
luck; as luck would have it. 
Prendre sur sol V — d'une affaire, 
to run all hazards, to take one's 
chance. Une diseuse de bonjie 
— , a fortune-teller. Aventuee, 
icomm.) adventure. Prendre de 
Vargent A la grosse — , to take 
money upon bottomry. Mai d' — , 
a whitlow. 

X l'A VENTURE, adv. at a venture, 
at all adventures ; at haphazard, 
at random. 

d'Ave-nture, pak Aventure, 
adv by chance, peradventure, 

AvENTURE, E, adj. part. Cette 
affaire est hien — e, that ailair is 
very hazardous, is in a preca- 
rious state. 

AVENTURER, a-van-ti-rd , v. a. 
y. 3, to venture, to put to the 
venture, to run a hazard, to ha- 
zard, to risk, to sink (money) in. 
s'A VENTURER, un.v. 3, to Venture, 
to take one's chance, to run a 
AVENTUREU-X, SE, adj. ven- 
turous, venturesome, adventur- 

AVENTURI-ER, ERE, adj. ad- 
venturous, venturesome. 
tii-rid, rifir, s. m. ouf. adven- 
turer, adventuress; soldier of 

*AVENTURINE, s.f. avantrainc. 
AVENU, E, part d'Avenir, v. 21, 
come to pass, happened. Acte 
nid et non-^, an act that is null 
and void. 

AVENUE, av-nft, s.f. an avenue, 
a way or entrance to a place ; an 

•AVERANO, ». m. (bird of Bra- 
zil,) averano. 

AVfiRE, E, part. d'Avirer, v. 77, 
averred, established by evidence. 
AVJfeRER, k-vi-ii, v. a. v. 77, to 
aver, to establish' by evidence, to 
evince ; to make certain of a fact, 
to assure one's self of its truth. 
AVERNE, s. m. (Italy,) Avernus. 



AVERSE, s.f. sudden and heavy 

AVERSION, a-vfr-sio7!,s/.aver- 
sion, hate, hatred; antipathy, 
averseness, dislike, disgust, re- 

AVERTI, E, part. d'Avertir, v, 4, 
vifarned, informed. Te?wz-vms 
pwtr — , I warn you once for all. 
U est bien — , he is well-informed, 

•AVENTURINfe, adj. (min.) re- 
sembling avanturine. 

•AVERTIN, a-vSr-tin, ».m. (,med.) 
vertigo, frenzy; those who are 
attacked with vertigo, frenetic 

•AVERnNEUX, adj. (med.) ver- 

AVERTIR, a-vJr-tlr, v. a. v. 4, 
to warn, to caution ; to inform of, 

to acquaint with, to tell, to give 
notice or intelligence of; to ad- 
monish. — quelqu'un de son salut, 
to give one a wholesome piece 
of advice. — un cheval, to encou- 
rage or to urge a horse. 
m^n, s. m. admonition, advice, 
notice, "warning, caution ; adver- 
tisement, pre&ce ; instruction, 
monition.-^onn^ par avonce, 
premonition. C'est un — au lee- 
leuir, that's a fair warning to one 
to stand on his guard. Aver- 
TissEMENT, (Juf.) the bill and 
answer (of plaintiiF and defend- 

AVERTISSEUR, a-v4r-ti-s«ur, 
«./ monitor. 
AVETTE, s.f. a little bee, (old.) 
AVEU, a-v4u, s. m. avowal, con- 
fession, acknowledgment ; decla- 
ration, assent. Un lionvme sans 
— , a vagabond, vagrant. Aveu, 
approbation, consent, authoriza- 
AVEUER OK AVUER, v. a. v. 81. 
— rme perdrix^ to follow a part- 
ridge with the eye, to eye it, to 
have an eye upon it 
AVEUGLE, a-v6ugl, adj. blind, 
sightless. Vn — , s. a blind man ; 
headlong. Aveugle, blind, im- 
plicit. Etre — sur ses difa-uts, to 
be. blind to one's own defects. 
Vn — y mordrait, a blind man 
could find it out 
EN Aveugle, adv. blindly. 
i. l' Aveugle, adt). blindly. 

[Aveugle, in a figurative sense, 
precedes or follows its noun : une 
soumission aveugle, une aveugle 
soumission. In a figurative sense 
governs isur: aveugle sur, and not 
a ses difauts.'] 

AVEUGLE, E, pan,. d'Aveugler, 
V. 3, blinded. 

s. m. blindness, cecity, (in a pro- 
per sense Ciciti is used instead 
of it) ; l^fg.) blindness, want of 
sight, error, inconsiderateness, 


man, adv. blindly, blindfold, 

rashly, headlong, unadvisedly, 

inconsiderately, with implicit 

faith, implicitly. 

[AveugUment, uiler the verb, or 

between the auxiliary and the 


AVEUGLER, a-vfeu-gU, ». a. v. 
3, to blind, to make blind, to put 
out the eyes, to take away the 
sight to dazzle, to darken, to 
cloud, to obscure, to take away 
the judgment Aveuglkr, 
(mar.) — une voie d*eau, to stop a 
leak in a temporary manner. 
s'AvEUGLER, V. r. V. 3, to blind 
one's self to shut one's eyes, to 
be blinded. 

i L'AVEUGLETTE, -i-U-vSu- 

gUt "dv. groping. Alter — , to 

go groping along, i.fdm,) 

*AVI, a-vl, s. m. (med.) action of 

heat upon the heart 

*AVICENNE, s.f. Ifiol.) avicennia. 

AVICEPTOLOGIE, s.f. avicep. 
tology, treatise on fowling, 
*AV1CULAIRE, adj. relating <o 
■►AVICULES, s. m. pi. (mot) a 
family of mollusca. 
AVIDE, a.-vld,adj. greedy, eager, 
desirous, hungry, voracious, co- 
vetous, rapacious, griping. . 
[Avide governs de figura- 
tive sense : avide de gloire, etc. ; 
generally follows the noun ; may 
precede it when the analogy is 
close : une avide saifde ricJiesses, 
See Adjectip.] 

AVIDEMENT, a-vid-man, adv. 
greedily, eagerly, voraciously, 
[Avidement, sometimes between 
the auxiliary and the verb.] 
AVIDITE, i-vi-di-ta, s.f. avi- 
dity, greediness, eagerness, ea 
ger desire or appetite. 
AVIGNON, (France), Avignon. 
AVILIR, a-vl-Ur, v. a. v. 4, to 
abase, to debase, to demean, to 
disgrace, to make contemptible, 
to bring a reproach upon, to dis- 
parage, t» depreciate, to lower. 
s'AviLiR, v. r. V. 4, to undervalue 
one's self, to grow contemptible, 
to be disgraced, to disparage 
one's self 

AVILISSANT, E, adj. v. debas- 
ing, disgraceiiil, humiliating. 
lAvilissant generally follows the 
noun; there are cases in which it 
might precede the noun: quelle 
avuissante precaution. See Aj>- 


AVILISSEMENT, a-vi-lis-raan, 
s, m. abasement, abjection, de- 
gradation, disparagement, de- 
basement, contempt 
AVILISSEUR, s. m. slanderer. 
*AVILLONNER, v. v. said of a 
bird of prey which attacks with 
its hind claws, v, 3. 
*AVILLONS, s. hind-claws 
of a bird of prey. 
AVINE, E, part. d'Aviner, v. 3, 
seasoned with wine. M est 
avini, he is used to wine, he is a 
stanch toper. 
AVINER, a-vI-nJ, v. a. v. 3, to 
season with wine. — uue futaille, 
to season a cask with wine. 
AVIR, a-vir, v. a. v. 4, (t of cop- 
persmith), to beat or hammer 
down the edges. 

AVIRON, a-vi-ron, s. m. (mar.) 
oar. — ^ couples, double-banked 
oars or scullers. — s a pointe, oars. 
Parties de V — , the parts of an 
oar; le mancke, la poignee, the 
handle ; le Iras, the arm or inner 
part; leplat ou la pale, the wash 
or blade. AUer d la rame, d I' — , 
to row. Tirer, manier V — , to 
tug at the oar. Armez les — .' get 
your oars to pass ! 
AVIRONNER, v. a. et n. v. 3, to 
AVIRONNERIE, ,. f. oar-ma- 

AVIRONNIER, s. m. oar-maker. 
AVIROSTRE, adj. {not. hist.) re- 
sembling a bird's bill. 
AVIS, a-vl, «. m. opinion, senti 




field, fig, vin: rftbe, r6b, 16rd, m6od, h6od, vus, mon: b&se, bit, bruw. 

inent,hiiAcI, judgment Amon — , 
in my opinion. Les — sont par- 
tagis, they are divided in tneir 
Jadgment. // m'esl — , metbinks, 
it seems to me. Dtri son — , to 
tell one's mind. Avis, advice, 
council, admonition. De bans—, 
salutary advices. Domier des — , 
to school, to admonish, to lec- 
ture. La nuit parte — , advise or" 
fake counsel with your pillovf. 
II y a jour d' — , there's time 
■enough to consider, to deliberate, 
on it. Avis de parents, (jiir.) a 
judicial decree In regard to a 
minor, a family consultation. 
Avis doctrinal, the opinion of 
divines on a point of doctrine. 
Avis, notice, notification, inti- 
mation, warning, caution. — au 
public, public notice. Avis au 
Iccteur, preface, advertisement, 
a fair warning to stand upon 
one's' guard. Avis, advice, ac- 
count, information, intelligence, 
intimation, news. Ne m'icris 
plus j-usqu^i nouvd — , write no 
more till you hear further. Let- 
tred' — , a letter of advice. Avis, 
motion. Ouvrir un — , to make a 
motion. Avis, vote, opinion. 
AUer aux — , to put to the vote, 
to collect the votes. Avis, pro- 

AVISfe, E, adj. wary, discreet, 
careful, prudent, cautious, deli- 
berate, coiisiderate,ivell-ad vised, 
circumspect, sensible. Malr—, 
ill-advised, unwise, unwary, in- 
Considerate, imprudent 

AVISEMENT, a-vlz-man, s. m. 
opinion, advisedness. 

AVISER, a-vi-si, v.a.v. 3, (old 
in this sense), to warn, to ap- 
prise, to caution. Aviser, t,fam^ 
to spy out 

AvisER, ti. n. V. 3, to resolve, to 
think proper, to think advisable. 
AvisER, to consider, to see, to 
think upon, to look to. Avitez-y 
bien, consider well on't Vous 
y aviserez, you will look to it 

s AvisER, V. r. V. 3, to think of, to 
take it into one's head. On ne 
s^avisejamais de tout, we cannot 
foresee every thing. 11 s'avisa 
de, he took it into his head to, 
etc. De quoi s'est-il dUi — ? what 
was he thinking of, what was 
running in his head ? s'Avjser, 
to bethink one's self, to think, 
to devise, ,Cefut^ lui bien avisi, 
a very good contrivance of bis. 

AVISO, s. m. (mar.) advice-boat 

AVISSE, a-vis, s.f. a screw-nail. 

*AVtSUGES, adj. ets.^eTU.) 
a family of aptrnp. 

AVISURE, a-vKsftr, s.f. (t of 
coppersmith), an edge that is 
beaten or hammered down. 

man, s.m (Tmzr.ancZiniZ) victual- 
ling, stores. 

AVITAILLER, a-vl-tli-ra, v. a. 
V. 3, (mar. and mil.) to victual, to 
Ihmish with victuals, to store. 

AVITAILLEUR, a-vi-ti-ZSur, s. 
m. an army or navy contractor, 

a victualler, a commissioner of 
the victualling-oiHce. 

AVIVAGE, a-vl-viz, ». m. first 
laying of tinfoil on glass. 

AyiVER,a-v!-vd,«.o.v.3, to po- 
lish, to burnish, to brighten. — une 
tatiie, (engraving), to touch up, 
to bring up the strokes or lines. 
AvivER le ieint, to brighten, to 
heighten, to animate the com- 
plexion. AvivER du bois de 
charpente, (carpentering), to hew 
timber, to square it Aviver le 
feu, (ibree), to stir up the fire. 

•AVrVES, a-vlv, s. f. pi {vet.) 

AVIVOIR, s. m. polisher, bur- 

AVOCASSER, i-v6-k5.-si, v. n. 
V. 3, to follow the profession of 
a barrister, to plead at the bar, 
to be a pettifogger. 

AVOC ASSERIE, s.f. law, profes- 
sion of a lawyer, pettifoggery. 

AVOCAT, a-v6-ka, s. m. a coun- 
sellor, a barrister, lawyer, ad vo- 
cate.--^e causes perdues, a sciir- 
vy, ignorant lawyer. Petit — , 
— sans cause et sans conscience, 

gettifogger. — consultant, a cham- 
er-counsellor. — plaidant, a bar- 
rister, a pleader.— au parlement, 
a practising barrister. — en parle- 
ment, one who has been called 
to the bar, but does not practice. 
— giniral, attorney-general. — du 
roi, the king's attorney, Avo- 
CAT, E, advocate, intercessor, 
mediator, mediatrix. 

*AvooAT, s. m. (tree of St Domin- 
go), aguacatei 

AVOCATOIRE, 4-v6-ka-twir, 
adj. suhst. Lettres — s, maridement 
— , avocatoria. 

*AVOCETTE, s. f. (orn.) avoset- 
ta, arecurvirostra. 

"►AVOINE, s.f. oats.— », standing- 
oats. D' — , oaten. Balle d' — , 


AVOIR, a-vwir, v. a. v. 1, to 
have. — pour agridble, to like. — 
horde, to be ashamed. — raison, 
to he in the right. — tort, to be in 
the wrong.— -peur, to be afraid. 
— accis, to nave access. — beau 
dire, f aire, etc. ; V avoir beau, Va- 
voir belle. V. Beau. — enme. V. 
VouLOiR, Envier. — des faibles- 
ses. V. Faiblesse. — des now- 
velles. V. NonvELLE. B en a 
jusqu'A la gorge, he is cramm'd 
to the very throat Qu'est-ce que 
vous aiiex! what ails you ? what 
is the matter with you? what 
do you want? Qu'as-tu? what 
ails you ? On saura bien V — , we 
shall know how to have him. 
Avoir, to get, to have. En 
Avoir, vous en aurez, you shall 
have it, you shall catch it; to be 
angry with. A qui en avez-vous 1 
with whom are you angry, who 
has offended you? 

Avoir, v. 1, to have. Tax domii, 
I have given. Avoir, to he. 
Q,u^bgeavezrVffusl how old are 
you? J'aifaim,j'aisoif,I am 

hungry or thirsty. Vous avei 
froid, you are cold. Avoir, to 
have, to be. J'ai une visite, I 
have to pay a visit, Xai cL vous 
parler, I must speak with you. 
Avoir gpgne, {mar.) to have fore- 
reached or gained upon a vessel 
in sight. — lepied marin, to wear 
seashoes; to walk firmly like a 
sailor. — pratique, to have pra- 
tique or free intercourse with the 
natives (after performing quar- 
antine). — vent arriere, to have 
the wind aft; vent debout, the 
wind right anend or ahead. 
Y Avoir, il v a, v. imp. v, 1, to 
be, there is, there are. Un'ya 
i^'un vrai Dieu ; il y a bien des 
tdoles, there is but one true God, 
there are many idols, 11 y aura 
unrdgiment, there will be a regi- 
ment C'est une femme comme 
il n^y en a point, she has not her 
fellow, 11 y a plus, nay more, 
M est mort ily a un an, he died 
a year ago. By a deux mois que 
je suis ici, I have been here two 
months. 11 y a deux ans ^ue cet 
ouvrage a eti publii, it is two 

J'ears since the work was pub- 
ished. Combien y a-t-ilde Paris 
A Londres ? hqw far is it from 
Paris to London ? 
[II y a; il ya cent hommes iuis; 
il y a cent liommes de tuis. When 
is the preposition de necessary? 
If the noun, says Laveaux, pre- 
cedes the adjective or participle, 
de is not necessary; but should 
the noun be understood or re- 
placed by the' pronoun en, de is 
necessary. In that case we should 
say ; 11 y eut cent hommes ttiis, et 
deux cents de blesses ; il y eut cent 
liommes iuis, et il y en eut deux 
cents de blessis.] 

Avoir, s.m. possessions, substance, 
what one has, what one is worth. 
VoilA tout mon — , this is all my 
substance or all that I have. 
Avoir, (com.) creditor or Cr, (in 
book-keeping, in opposition to 
debtor or Dr,) Avoir-du-poids, 
s. m. avoirdupois, (weight) 
*AVOIRA, a-vwi-ra, s. m. a sort 
of palm-tree, avoira, 
AVpiSINEMENT, a-vwS,-zin- 
man, s. m. nearness, proximity, 
a bringing together, union. 
AVOISINER, a-vwi-zi-ni, ». a. 
V. 3, to border upon, to be situa- 
ted near. 

AV0RT6, E, part. d'Avorter; v. 
3, abortive. 
AVORTEMENT, a-v5rt-man, a. 
m. abortion, miscarriage. 
AVORTER, a-v6r-ta, v. n. v. 3, 
to bring forth young ones before 
the time, to miscarry; to slip. 
Faire — , to cause or procure 
abortion. *Avoeter, to miscarry, 
to fail ; to prove abortive. Faire 
— , to frustrate. Avorter, (said 
of fruits,) to fail, not to ripen, not 
to come to maturity. Faire — , 
to blast, to stop the growth. 
AVORTON, a-v6r-tore, ». m. abor- 
tion; an abortive, untimely crea- 
ture; a dwarf, Vn satde — , a 







antique : 


fbb, OV&, j^une 




dwarf-wiljow. Un — , a little 
shrimp, a deformed dwarf. Un 
^— de mouche, a gnat. Un — , a 
crude production, an abortion of 
the brain. 

A.VOUE, a-vflo-a, s. m. avowee, 
protector, patron of a church. 
Avou6, attorney. Vnediuded' — , 
an attorney's office. Acte^ signi- 
juxLtlrm d'-~~ d — , power or war- 
rant of attorney. Clerc d' — , at- 
torney's clerk. 

AVOUER, a-vflo-a, v. a. v. 81, to 
confess, to avow, tp own, to grant, 
to albw ; to agree with. AvouEit 
un ouvrage d'esprit, to owni one's- 
«elf the author of a perlbrmance, 
to father it. AvopER un enfant, 
toownachild. Avouer, to avow, 
to own, to. approve or allow of. 
-s'AvouER ^de quehju^un to make 
use of one's name. 
4V0UERIE, s.f. advowson, pro- 
tection, patronage. 

AVOUTRE ou AvoutTRE, ». m. 
a l;>astard, one born in adultery. 

AVOYER. V. a. v. 72, (mar.) to 
rise, to freshen. 

AVOYER," s, m. avoyer. 

AVRIL, s. m. April. En V— 
de ses ans, in his prime.. Pois- 
sons d' — , mackerels. Poissons 
d' — , procurers, pimps. Unpois- 
sond' — , an April-fool. Dortner 
un poisson d* — d quelqu*un, to 
make one an April-fool. 

AVUER, V. a. V. Aveuer. 

AVULSION, a-vil-slon, s. /. 
(med.) avulsipn. 

AVUSTE, Ajuste, s. m. (mar.) a 
knot, a tie, a bend. 

AVUSTER, V a. v. 3, . (mar.) to 
bend or tie two ends of ropes to- 

AXE, aks, s. m. (geog. math, hot.) 
axis, (in the arts) axle, axle-tree, 

AXI, s. m. (kind of .pepper) axi. 

*AXIA, ak-sia, s. m. (shrub of 
Cochin-China) axia. 

*AXICORNE, adj. (mo?.),a;murex 
so called. 

*AXIE, Ik-sl, s.f. a sort of lobster. 

•AXIFERE, adj. (n. A.) having an 

*AXIFORME, adj. resembling an 

AXIFUGE, adj. centrifugal. 

♦AXIGRAPHE, adj. (min.) a va- 
riety of carbonate of lime. 

''AXILE, ak-sll,aif7.(6o«.) attached 
to the axis. 

•■AXILS;, adj. (hoi.) having an axis. 

♦AXILLAIRE, ak-sil-llr, adj. 
(anat. and bot.) axillar, axillary. 

»AXILLIEARBUi adj. (6o<.) with 
axillary hairs. 

*AXILLirLORE, adj. (hot.) with 
axillary flowers. 

AXINOMANCIE, «. f. axino- 


AXIOME, ak-sl-dm, .<. m, axiom, 


AXIOMfiTRE, s. m. (mar.) tell- 
tale (of the tiller.) 

•AXIOMORPHIQUE, adj. (mm.) 
a variety of carbonate of lime. 

*AXIPETE, V. Centripete,(o4».) 
*AXIS, s. m. (deer) axis. 

and adj. (anat.) inferior oblique 

muscle of the head. 
*AXOiDO.OCCIPITAL, s. m. and 

a^. {anal.) posterior straight 

muscle of the head. 
*AXOLOTI ou AzOLOTi, s. m. 

(fish of Mexico) axoloti. 
AXONGE, s. f. axungia, hog's 

lard ; gall or salt of glass. 
*AXO]NOPHYTE, s. m. (bot.) plant 

whose flowers cover a common 

axis. ■ 
•^AXYLE, adj. (hot.) term applied 

to cellular plants. 
AY, AYE, &, ay, interjection, ay ! 

oh! ah! 

AYAMAKA, s. m. V. Senembi. 
AYANT, part, d' Avoir; v. 1, 

AYANT CAUSE, s. m. having 

claims. Les ayants cause, those 

having claims. 

AYANT DROIT, s. m. claimant. 
*AYAPANA, s./. plant of Brazil. 
AYEUL, Ayeule, ou Aveux. V. 
AiEUL, AIEUI.E ou AlEn.x. 
AYNET, 5. m. a skewer. 
*AYRI, s. m. (tree of Brazil) ayri. 
AZALA, cm Izari, «. /. (Levant) 

AZAMOGLAN, s. m. (Turkish of- 

ficer) azamoglan or agemoglan. 
*AZARERO, s. m. laurel-cherry, 

*AZAPHIE, <,. /. (med.) hoarse- 

"AZEDARAC, s. m. azedarach, 

bead-tree, melia. 
*AZtLIDES, adj, and «. m. pi. 

(en(.) a section of myodaria. 
AZEM, AsEM ou AcHAH, Assam. 
*AZERBO, s. m. (kind of zebra,) 

■'AZEROLE, az-rai, s. f. azarola 

or Neapolitan medlar. 
*AZEROLIER, az-r61ia, s. th. 

the azarola or Neapolitan med- 
*AZI, s. m. rennet composed of 

whey and' vinegar. 
AZIME, adj. V. Aztme. 
AZIMUT, a-zi-mit, s. m. (ast.) 

azimuth, vertical circle. 
AZIMUTAL, E, adj. azimuth, 

*AZOCARBIDE, s. m. (chim.) 

*AZOCARBIQUE, adj. (chim.) 

*AZOCARBURE, s. m. (chim.) 

AZOF ou AzAR, Asoph. 
*AZOODYNAMIE, s. /. (med.) 

privation of the vital powers. 
*AZOOTIQUE, adj. (geol.) primi- 

*AZOTA'rE, s. m. (chim.) nitrate. 
AZOTE, a-z6t, s. m. (chim.) azote, 


Azote, adj. azotic. 
*AZOTE, adj. (chim.) containing 

*AZar6NESE, s.f.(med.) disease 

induced by azote. 

♦AZOTEUX, adj. (chim.) nitrous. 

AZOTH, s. m. (alchi.) azoth, (oba.) 

*AZOTIDES, s. m. pi. (min.) a 
family of minerals. 

■►AZOTIODIQUE, adj. (chim.) 
coinp. of nitric and iodic acids. 

*AZOTIQUE, adj. (chim.) nitric. 

■►AZOTITE, s. m. (chim.) nitrite. 

■►AZOTOXIDES, s. (min.) a 
genus of minerals. [ 

*AZOTURE, «. m. V. Nitrure. 

AZUBA, a. m. (tree of St. Domin- 
go,) azuba. 

*AZULMINIQUE, adj. (chim.) a 
peculiar acid% 

AZUR, i-z6r, s. m. aS;ure-stone, 
plunket, lapis lazulil AzpR, 
(bl.) azure, blue. Azor, sky-blue, 
sky-colour, ground indigo. 

AZURE, E, adj. painted with 
azure-colour, sky-coloured. Les 
plaines — es, the azure main, the 

AZURER, a-z6-rd, v. a. ,. 3, to 
paint with azure colour. 

''AZURIN, adj. of a pale grayish 
blue colour. 

AZURINS, a.m. pi. (^.]azurines. 

*AZUROR, adj.hvie colour chang- 
ing to golden. 

AZYME, a-zim, oi^'. azimus, un- 
[Azyme follows the noun.] 

AZYMES, a-zim, s./^Z.the feast 
of Unleavened Bread among the 

AZYMITES, s. m. Azimites. 

*AZYGOCERES, adj. and s. m. pL 
(annel.) a section of nereides. 

*AZYG0S, adj. (anal.) unmatched. 

Bbd, «. m. (second letter and 
the first consonant of the 
French alphabet.) The Bis never 
doubled in French, except in the 
words ahbd, rabbin, sabbat, and 
their derivatives. £tre Tnarqui 
uu — , to be either one-eyed or 
to squint, or hunch-backed, or 
lame; in short, to be afflicted 
with any of tlte bodily deformi- 
ties the name of which begins 
with a 6 in French, (this proverb 
is said of i^ischievous people of 
such a deformed figure.) Ne 
parler que par B et par F, to 
swear at every breath. B, among 
the ancients was a numeral letter, 
which' Stood for 300 ; but with a 
tittle on the top (E), it stood for 
3,000. Bmd, B carre. V. B6- 


BABA, ba-ba , s. 7n. a sort of sweet- 
cake with currants, baba. 

BABEL, Cetleassemhlie est la tour 
de — , this assembly is a Babel of 
noise and con^ion. 

BABEURRE, ba-bSur, s. m. but, 

BABICHE, s.f. lapdog. 

BABICHON, ba-bl-shon, s. ij». 

BABIL, ba-bU, chattering, prate, 
talk, tattle, prattle. ( — is conver- 

BABILLAGE,;Ziz, s. m. 
chit-chat, tittle-tattle, (Jam.) 







rftbe, r5b, lord, 

mood, hdod. 






BABILLARD, E, ba-bi-iar, lard, 
fi4;.talkative, chattering; tattling, 
prating. Babillakd, sui babbler, 
tattler, a blab, a blabber. En — , 
pratingly. — is triv. and convers. 
in all its meanings, Ckien — , a 
liar, a dog that opens false. Ba- 
EILLARI), s.m. (icA.) folio-eytharus. 

[Bahillard Ibllows the noun.] 
BABILLEMENT, ba-biZ-man, s. 
m. talkativeness, (obs) 
B.ABILLER, ba-bi-Za, v. n. v. 3, 
tg prate, to tattle, to gossip. (Is 

BABINE, ba-bin, .■!./. (used only 
in the pi.) the lip of some beasts, 
cows, apes, &c. *R s'en est donni 
par les — , he has eat a great deal 
on't; he has spent his fortune 

BABIOLE, ba-bi61, .s. /. bauble, 
gewgaw, loy, knick-knack, play- 
thing, trifle, trinket. 
BABORD, ba-bor, s. m. Ijnar.) the 
larboard of a ship, port. Babord, 
or Babokd la barre; port the 
helm ! un pen ! port a little .' tout! 
hard a port! Avant — .' pull to 
larboard! Brasse — .' brace to 
larboard ! Avoir les amures d — , 
to be upon the larboard tack. 
Courir — au vent, passer d — , 
to heel to port. 

BABORDOIS, 3. m. (nmr.) larboard 

BABOUCHES, ba.b6osh, s /. pi. 
*BABOUIN, ba-bwin, s. m. ba- 
boon, monkey. Baeocin, e, a 
young little fool, a little monkey. 
BABOUINER, v. n. v. 3, to play 
the buffoon. 

BAC, bak, s. m. a ferry, a ferry- 
boat. Passer Ze bac, to ferry it 
over. Bac a vaviguer, punt, small 
boat. Bag & forme, trough where- 
in sugar-pots are washed. 
BACALAS ou Bacala, s. m. 
{mar.) standing knee on the deck 
of a galley; cleats of various 

BACALIA0, s. m. dried salt cod- 

BACASSAS, s. m. a sort of lighter. 
BACCALAURfeAT, ba-ka-15- 
ra-a, s. m. bachelorship, the de- 
gree of bachelor. 
"BACCAULAIRE, adj. {hot.) pe- 
culiarly formed fruit. 
BACCHANAL, ba-ca-nal, s.m. 
{fam.) clutter, racket, uproar. 
Faire du — . Faire — , to make 
a racket, to be uproarious. 
BACCHANALE, s. /. a noisy 
drinking-bout, revel. Baccha- 
NALE, bacchanal. Bacchanales, 
s.f. pi. the Bacchanals, Baccha- 

BACCHANALISER, I), n. v. 3, 
bacchanalize, to revel, to riot. 
BACCHANTE, ba-kJint, s. /. 
bacchant or bacchante, priestess 
of Bacchus. *BaccAante, a terma- 
gant, a froward woman. 
•BACCHARIDEES, adj. and s.f. 

pi, Ifiot.) a section of asterere. 
•BACCHARIS, s. f. baccharis, 
ploughmnn's spikenard. 

BACCHAS, .-,. m. settlings of 
lemon juice. 

*BACCHIE, s.f. (med.) a red pus- 
tule of the face. 

*BACCIEN, adj.(bot.) bacciferous. 

*BACCIFERE, adj. bacciferous. 

*BACC1F0RME, adj.ihot.) bacci- 

*BACCIVORES, adj. aijd s. m. 
pi. (firn.) a family of sylvicote. 

BACH.A, ba-sha, s. m. a bashaw. 

BACHE, bash, s. /. a wagon or 
cart tilt. 

BACHE. V. Lataniee. 

BACHELETTE, s.f. young girl, 
maid, lass, damsel, a blushet. 

BACHELIER, bash-Ua, s. m. 
bachelor. Se faire passer haclie- 
lier, to take a bachelor's degree. 

BACKER, une diarrette, ». a. v. 3, to 
tilt (a cart). 

BACHIAN, s.m. {geog.) Baehian. 

BACHIQUE, ba-shik, adj. bac- 

chic. Chanson hachique, a bac- 

chic, drinking, or convivial song. 

[Bachiiiue generally follows the 


BACHOT, ba-sho, ». m. yawl, 
wherry, a small ferry-boat. 

BACHOTAGE, s. m. wherry- 
man's business. 

BACHOTEUR, s. m. wherry-man. 

BACHOU, s. m. catgut-spraner's 

BACHOUE, s.f. pail, bucket. 


piERRE, s.f. sea-fennel. 

*BACILLAIRE, adj. staff-shaped. 

*BACILLARIES, adj. and s. m. 
pi. (zoo.) a family of infusoria. 

"BACILLE, s. m. {hot.) pedicel. 

*BACILLirORME, adj. switch- 

BACLAGE, ba-klaz, s. m. a tier 
of boats (in a port). 

BACL6, E, port, de Bacler ; v. 3, 
barred. ' Cela est hacli, c'est une 
affaire h&cUe, that is concluded, 
done, or agreed on. 

BACLER, bi-kla , ». a. v. 3, to bar 
or chain, to fasten (a door, etc.) 
B&cler un hateau, to bring or lay 
a boat alongside the quay. BAc- 
LEE, {fg. and /am.) to do hastily, 
to finish. 

*BACOVE, r/r bacobe, s. m. {fruit) 

BACTREOLE, ». /. clippings of 
gold leaf 

»BACTRIDI£ES, adj. and s. /. 
pi. {hot.) a tribe of uredines. 

*BACULIFERE, adj. {hot.) a gy- 
nestum so called. 

BACULER, V. a. v. 3, to thrash, 
to ctidgel. {Fam. and little used.) 

*BADAMIER, s. m. {hot.) genus 
of eleagnoi'deae. 

BADAUD, E, ba-d&, d6d, s. m. et 
f {fam.) a ninny, a booby, a 
gazer, a cockney. BADAi;D,(some- 
tiraes adieotively) silly, Un 
homme tris — , a very silly fellow. 

BADAUDAGE, s. m. silliness. 

BADAUDEHj ba-do-dd^ v. n. v. 
3, to stand gaping in the air. 
(Fam.) : 

BADAITDERIE, ba-d&d-rl, s. /. 
foolery, silliness, simplicity. 

BADAUDISME, s.m. cockneyism. 

BADELAIRE, s.m. {hla.) broad- 

BADERNE, s./. (mar.) mast.— <Za 
hourrelel des basses vergues, dol- 
phin of the mast. 

''BADIAN, !. m. ou Badiane, s.f. 
{hot.) badian cr badiana. 

BADIGEON, ba-di-2071, s. m. 
plaster of Paris, stone-colour. 

BADIGEONNAGE, ba-di-sfl- 
naa, s. m. painting stone-colour. 

BADIGEONNER, ba-d!-26-na, 
V. a. V. 3, to paint with stone- 

n6ur, s. m. a painter in stone- 

BADIN, E,ba-dl7j, din,a(Z;". wag- 
gish, jocular, playful, roguish, 
(sometimes sub). C'est un — , 
he is a banterer. 
[Badin follows the noun.] 

BADiriAGE, ba-dl-naz, s.m. 
sport, I lay, jest, foolery, fooling, 
trifling playfulness. 

BADIK ANT, s. m. a horse of re- 

BADIJNE, ba-din, s. /. switch. 

Badines, s.f. pi. small tongs. 

BADIN EMENT, adv. waggishly, 
in a j. iking manner, playfully, 

BADINJ'.R, ba-di-nd, ti. n. v. 3, 
lo trifle, to dally, to play, to toy, 
to sport. — grossi^rement, to romp, 
Badinee, to rally, to be playful. 
— de bonne grace, to rally grace- 
fully. En badinant, roguishly, 
playfully, sportfully. Badjner, 
(in dress) to wave, to play loosely. 

BADINERIE, ba-din-rl, s. /. 
sillystuff, foolery, trifling. (Little 

■'BADOCHE, ». /. eglesinus, had- 

BADROUILLE, s.f. swab. 

■'B.iENODACTYLES, adj. el s. m. 
pi. {rep.) a family of sauri. 

»B^NOSAURIENS, adj. et s. m 
pi. {rep.) t. applied to certain sauri. 

♦B.iEOMYC£ES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
{hot.) a tribe of lichenes. 

BAFFETAS, s. m. a sort of coarse 

BAFOUER, ba-f6o-a, v. a. v. 81, 
to scout, to scoff at. 

BAFRE, bafr, s. /. eating, eata- 
bles, guttling, jaw-work. (Vul.) 

BAFRER, hk-fr&, v. n. v. 3, to 
guttle, to eat greedily. Faire -^, 
to feast, to guttle. (Vul.) 

BAFREU-R, se, bi-fr^ur, fr^uz, 
s. m. et f. guttler, one who loves 
his guts. (Vul.) 

BAGACE, ba-gas, s. f. (sugar 
cane passed through the mill), Da- 
gauze. V. Bagasse. 

BAG.AGE, ba-gaz, !i. m. luggage, 
baggage. Gros — , menu — , heavy 
baggage, light baggage; Plier 
— , trousser — , to pack away, to 
truss or march bag and baggage. 
Ilaplii — (said of one deceased), 
he has taken his last journey. — 
Remaeciue. Badie, covering of 
a parcel. 

BAGARRE, ba-gir, a. f. squab- 









4bb, ov^r, jdfine 




ble, scuffle, fray. Se tirer, se mu- 
ver dela — , to get out of the fray, 
lo make a lucky escape, to get 
out of the scrape. (The last word 
is low.) 

BAGASSE, s. f. drab, strumpet, 
quean. (In this sense it is old and 
low.) Bagasse, faded fringe, 
worn-out trimmings, etc. Ba- 
gasse ou Bagace, bagauze, cane 
trash, fruit of the bagassia-tree, 
indigo stalks taken out Of the vat, 
skins or husks of grapes and 
olives after the last pressing. 

•BAGASSIER, bi-ga-sia, s.m. 
bagassia tree. 

BAGATELLE, ba-gi-tM, s./. 
baubles, trash, trinkets, toys, tri- 
fles. Bagatelle, trifle, non- 
sense. Aimer la — , to be fond 
of love affairs. Bagatelle ! non- 
sense. 11 me /era un prods — ! 
he will bring an action against 
me, nonsense ! 

BAGNE, s. m. place where galley 
slaves or convicts are kept in 
chains, bagnio. 

•BAGNOLETTE, s./. (mar.) tar- 
paulin for covering, etc. 

*I5AGRE, s. m. (a fish),bagre. 

BAGUE, bag, s.f. a ring. — s d'o- 
mZfcs, ear-rings. C'estunebague 
au dotgt, 'tis as good as ready 
money, it is a precious sinecure, 
a feather in one's cap. Sortir 
vie €t hagues sauves, to get out of 
a fortress with what one can car- 
ry on one's back. li s'en eat re- 
tire — s sauves, he is come off 
clear or unhurt. Bagces etjoy- 
aux, jewel-money, pin-money, 
settlement, jointure. BAGUE,ring. 
Courir ou courre une — , to run 
at the ring, Bague, (mar.) hanlc, 
grommet of a stay-sail. — d di- 
grder, traveller. 

•BAGUENAUDE, bag-n5d, s.f. 

BAGUENAUDER, bag-n&-di, v. 
n. v. 3, to mind trifles, to trifle 
time away, to stand trifling, to 

•BAG UENAUDIER, bag-no- 
di d, 5, m. bladder-nut-tree, bas- 
tard-senna-tree. Baguenaxjdier, 
one that minds trifles, wliiffler, 
trifler, doodle. 

BAGUER, V. a. v. 3, (t. of tailor- 
ing), to baste. 

BAGUETTE, hk-git, s. f. a 
switch, a rod, a small stick, a 
wand. — d^armes d feu, de fusil, 
etc.. a gunstick, a ramrod. — s de 
tamiour, drumsticks. — depeinire, 
maulstick.* — d'ur, (plant) golden- 
stick. — d'huissier, an usher's rod. 
— divinatoire ou verge d' Aaron, 
virgula divina, divining rod, a 
conjuror's wand. — magique, a 
magic wand. Commander d la 
— , to command magisterially or 
imperiously. £ire servi dla — , 
to be served with great respect. 
Baguette, (arch.) bead, fillet, 
baguette. V". Bayette. 

Baguettes, s. /. pi. passer par 
les — , or better, par les verges, to 
Tun the gauntlet or gantlope. 

BAGUIER, ba-g'ii, s.m. a casket 
or box for rings. 

BAH. ba, poh, pooh, shaw. 

*BAH[EL, s. m. (Indian shrub), ba- 
hel, schulli. 

BAHUT, ba-6, s. m. trunk. 

BAHOTIER, bi-ii-tla, «. m. a 

BAI, E, b4, adj. bay. Vn chevdL — , 
a bay-horse, a bayard. -^ brun, 
brown-bay, — chdtain, "of a chest- 
nut colour. — dori, yellow-dun. 

— mirouette, a bright dappled 

BAIE, b4, s.f. berry. — degenievre, 
juniper berry. Baie, bay, gulf, 
road. Baie de Baffin, Baffin's 
Bay. Baie, (arch.) opening, aper- 
ture. Baie, humbug, bite. JOon- 
ner una — , to humbug, to sneer 
at one. 

BAIETTE, s.f. baize. 

BAIGN£, E, part, de Baigner, v. 
3, — dans son sang, weltering in 
his blood. — s delarmes, bathed 
in tears. 

BAIGNER, bS-gnd, v. a. v. 3, to 
bathe, to give a bath, to wash. 
Se baigner, to bathe, lo wash. 
Faire — les chevaux, baigner 
descltevaux, etc. to wash horses. 
Se — dans le sang, to revel, to 
delight in blood. . Baigner, to 
wash. Le Jleuve qui haigne ces 
murs, the river which washes 
these walls ; to moisten, to water, 
— de larmes, to water with tears. 

Baigner, v. n. v. 3, to soak. — dans 
son sang, to welter in one's blood. 

BA_IGNEU-R, SE, b4-gn6ur, 
gneuz, s. m. etf. one who bathes, 
a bather. Baigneu-r, se, bagnio- 
keeper. Coucher chez le — , lo 
lie at the bagnio. ■ 

BAIGNOIR, bS-gnwir, <,. m. a 
bathing-place. (Obs.) 

BAIGNOIRE, b4-gnwar^ s.f. a 
bath. Baignoire, a box, a baig- 

BAIL, pi. BAUX, baZ, bo, s. m. 
lease.— dferme, lease of a farm. 

— de maison, . lease of a house. 
J^aire, passer un — , to make, to 
draw up a lease. Faire rapporter 
les baua: pricidents, to call in the 
old leases. (Fig. et fam.) Ceta 
n'est pas de man — , that is no 
concern of mine. 

BAILE, the baile of Venice. 

*BAILLANS, adj. et s. m. pi. (om.) 
a tribe of passer es. 

*BAILLANT, (n. A.) gaping. 

BAILLARD, s. m. (in dyeing) a 
sort of hand-barrow. 

BAILLE, s.f. (mar.) half tub.— de 
sonde, a tub or bucket to hold the 
plummet and line on deck ready 
for sounding. 

BAILLEMENT, baZ-man, s. m. 
yawning, a yawn, hiatus. 

BAILLER, hk-li, V. n. v. 3, to 
yawn. BdiUer de sommeil, to 
yawn with drowsiness, to gape. 

BXlLLER, to gape. Vne parte qui 
bailie, i\ door that gapes. 

Bailler, v. a.v. 3,(jur.) to give — d 
ferme, to let, to lease, to farm out 
— et dilaisser, to give and ^row 
up. *Commevousbailhz des souf- 

Jlets ! how you deal your blow* 
about ! * Vous me la baiHez belle, 
you humbug me, you impose up- 
on me. 

BAILLER, v.a. to throw bait in 
fishing sardines. 

BAILLET, adj. m. a so rrel or light 
red-coloured horse, 

BATLLEUL, s. m. a bone-setter. 
(It is old.) 

BAILLEUR, bk-l&ur, yavmer, 
gaper. Bailleur, s. m.BAiLLE- 
RESSE, s. /. (jur.) lessor, Le — 
et le prenettr, the lessor and the 
lessee. Vn — de bourdes, hum- 
bug, sham, cheat. (It is old.) 

BAILLI, ban, s. m. bailiff, reve, 

BAILLIAGE, ba-Haz, ». m. baili- 

BAILLIAGER, ERE, hi-llk-zi, 
zki, adj. pertaining - to, peculiar 
to a bailiwick. 

BAILLIVE, ba-Zlv, s.f. a bailiff's 

BAILIXJN, ba-Zon, s. m. a gag. 

BAILLONNER, bk-lb-ni, v. a. 
to gag, v. 3. 

BAILLOQUE, s. f. brown and 
white ostrich feather. 

BAIN, bin, s. m. bath. Les — s 
de mer, sea-bathing. Vemi — , a 
half bath. — de si^e, a sitting 
bath. — de vapeurs, a vapour bath. 
Prendre un — d^air, to take an 
air bath. Bain, a bathing-tub, a 
bath, Le cabinet de — , the bath- 
ing closet. (Fig. et pop.) C'est 
un — qui chauffe, (a storm), it is 
brewing. Cettt boisson est chaude 
comme un — this drink is as 
warm as lye. ^ Bains, bath, baths, 
hot-waters. 'Bain, (chim.) bal- 
neum, — de sable, sand-heat or 
sand bath, Metlre unmital en~, 
to render a metal fluid, A — de 
moTtier, (masonry) with full mor- 
tar, Bainmarie, boiling water 
into which another vessel is put, 
for warming or cooking some- 
thing. Bain paille, (dyeing) a- 
malgam. Uordre du — , the or- 
der of the Bath. 

BAlONNETTE, ba-y5-n4t, s. /, 
bayonet, Croiser la — , to cross 
bayonets. Charger a la — , to 
charge with fixed bayonets. Re- 
mettre la — , to return bayonet. 

BAiOQUE, s.f. (coin) baioco. 

BAIRAM, s. m. (Turkish festival,; 

BAISEMAIN, b4z-min, s, m, sing. 
vassalage (testified by kissing 
one's lord's hand, Baisemains, 

pi. service,coraplimens,respects, 
commendations. A belles — , 
creepingly, crouchingly, submis- 

BAISEMENT, bSz-man, s m. 

BAISER, bh-zi, v. a. v. 3, to kiss. 
— sur la bouche, to kiss the lips. 
Dites-lui qu£Je lui baise hs mains, 
my compliments to him. V 
Baisemains. Je vous baise les 
mains (jocularly), your servant 
for that, excuse me lor thaL Bai- 





fig, vin 

r5be, r6b, 16rd, m6od, hflod, v5b, 


Tjftse, ^}i^t, hian. 

SER, {fg. el Jam.) to kiss. — la 
terre, to kiss the ground. 
B.AISEII, bS-za, s. m. kiss, salute. 
Donjier un — , to salute. Re-ndre, 
dirober un — , to return, to steal 

BAISEU-R, SE, bS-zSur, zduz, s. 
m. elf. kisser. 

BAISOTTER, b4-z6-t4, v.a. v. 3, 
to be always kissing or billing, 

BAISSE, bfts, s./. fall, abatement, 
diminution in value. 

BAISSE, E,j)art. de Baisser ; v. 3, 
down, let down, lowered, etc. 
les yeux haissis, downcast eyes. 
Se Tetirer t^te baissie, to sneak 
away. T£te baissee, headlong, 
in an undaunted manner. Don- 
Tier tele baissde dans Zc pirU, to 
plunge headlong into danger. 

BAISSER, b4-sa, v. a. v. 3, to let 
down, to lower. EUe baissa son 
vqUe, she let down, lowered, 
dropped her veil. — pavilion, to 
strike one's flag, — le pavilion, — 
pavilion, {jig. elfam.) to give in, 
to truckle, to knock under, to 
succumb to one. Baisser, to 
lower, etc. — une muraiUe, to 
lower a wall.— ie ton, to lower 
one's tone, to change one's time. 

— VoreiUe, to hang one's ears. 

— la main & un chemd, to slacken 
the hand, to give rein, to put 
one's horse to his speed. 

Baisser, v. n. to fall. La rieihe 
a haissi, the river has fallen. 
Baisser, to wear, to break, to 
fail, to decay, to be on the de- 
cline, on the wane, to flag, to 
ilroop, etc. R haiase d, vue a ceil, 
he decays visibly. Ce vin laisse, 
the wine grows flat. Les fonds 
iaissent, the funds fall. Baisser, 
to fall or go down a river, 

SE Baisser, v. r. v. 3, to stoop. U 
ne se hausse se baisse, he has 
neither ups nor do wns in his tem- 
per, he is always the same. 

BAISSIERE, b4-sI4r, s. /. what 
remains of wine in a vessel next 
to the lees or dregs. 

BAISSblR, bJ-swar, s.m salt-pit 

BAISURE, b6-ziir, s. f. the kiss- 

BAJOIRE, o. /. a double-faced 

BAJOU ou Bajon, s. m. {mar.) a 
sort of tiller. 

BAJOUE, ba-26o, j. /. hog's 

BAJOYERES, barzwi-Sr, s. f. 
pi. the lateral walls of a canal- 

BAJUR.AC, s. m. (Turkish stand- 
ard) bajurac. 

BAKELEY ou Bakkeleyer, s. 
m. (African bison) bos jubatus. 

BAKK A o« BANauE, ». m. (Indian 
hemp) bangue. 

BAL, b&l, pi. Bals, s. m. ball. 
— masqui, masquerade. — pari, 
dress-ball. — bourgeois, a private 
ball. Courir le — , to go from one 
ball to another. Donrwr le — d 
quelqu'un {fg. el iron.) to make 
one dance ior it, to abuse one. 

BALADIN, ba-la-din, a. m. a 

mountebank, a juggler, a harle- 
quin, a buffi>on. Une haladime, a 

female builbon. 
BALADINAGE, ba-Ii-dl-naz, s. 

m. witticism, f/am.) 
*BAL^N1DES, adj. el s. m. pi. 

{mam.) a family of mammalia. 
*BALiENOLOGlE, s.f. a treatise 

on the cetacea. 
BALAFA, ba-la-fl., Balafeu, 

Balafo, s. m. (musical instru- 
ment of negroes) balafa. 

BALAFRE, ba-14fr, s.f. a gash, 
a slash, a great cut, scar. 

BALAFRER, ba-li-frd, v. a. v. 
3, to gash, to slash. 

BALAGAN, ba-la-gan, «. m. 
summer hut of the ICamtscha- 

BALAI, ba-14, s. m. broom, be- 
som. — dejonc, carpet-broom. — de 
crin, hair-broom. — de plume, ^a 
duster. Coup de — , a sweep with 
a broom. Ratir le — , to play one's 
pranks or to sow one's wild oats, 
to live long in any mean obscure 
situation. Balai, (in Hawking) 
the tail ; (in hunting) the brush, 
the bush. ' 

BALAIS, ba-lS, adj. balass. Un 
Tubis — , a balass ruby. 

*BAL.ANAIKE, adj. relating to 
the whale. 

B.ALANCE, ba-lans, s. f. ba- 
lance, s'cale, a pair of scales. 
Emporfer Id—, to outw^ighl to 
outbalance. — sourde, balance 
with box-ends. — d'essai ou tribu^ 
chet, assay balance. Balance 
{fg.) FairepencUer la — , to turn 
the scale. Mellre & la — , to com- 
pare. &tre en — , to be irresolute, 
in suspense, to be in a quandary, 
to waver. Balance, balance (of 
a merchant's books), balance of 
an account. Balance (in the 
zodiac) Libra, the Balance. 

BALANCfe, E, BalaMer, 
v. 78, balanced. , Un baldrici,,s. 
m. (in dancing) balance. Balance 
en avant, balance forward. 

BALANCELLE, ba-lan-sM, s.f. 
{mar.) a Neapolitan small craft. 

BALANCEMENT, ba-lans-m an 
s. m. swinging, waving, rocking, 
see-saw, libration. ,. 

BALANCER, bi-lan-sS, v. a. 
v. 78, to balance, to swing, to 
wave, etc. — un javelot, to bran- 
dish, to poise a javelin. Se—, 
to swing, to sway, etc. Se — 
moUement, to loll luxuriously. 
Balancer {fg.) to balance, to 
weigh. Balancer, to balance, 
to counterbalance. — les perles 
par le gain, to balance the loss 
Dy the profit. — un compte, to bar 
lance an account. — uTie composi- 
tion, to balance, to proportion the 
distribution of a subject, (a paint- 
ing). Balancer les voiles {mar.) 
to balance the sails, to ibid up 
part of a sail at one comer. 

Balancer, v. n. v. 78, to balance, 
to hesitate, to waver, to fluctuate, 
to demur. 

BALANCIER, ba-lan-sid, s.m. 
scale-maker. Balancier, pen- 

dulum, balance. Le — d^nn 
iourne-broche, the flyer of a jack. 
Le — d'ane machine d, vapeur, the 
beam of a steam-engine. Le — 
transvei sal d'une machine i va- 
peur, cross-beam of an engine. 
JBalancier, a die or coiner's 
stamp, Balanciers de boussole 
{mar.) gimbal or gimmal of a sea 
compass. Balancier, balancing- 
BALANCINES, bajan-sln, s.f. 

{mar.) the lift of a sail. Balan- 

cines de chcdoupe, topping-liil 

of a boat's boom. Fausses—de 
gut, lifts of the yards. — degrande 

vergue, the main lifts. — de mi- 

saine, the force lifts. 
BALANgOiRE, ba-lan-swir, s. 
f. a see-saw. 
BALANgONS. s. m. pi. small 

deal boards. 
BALANDRAN ou Balandras, 

s. m. a great-coat, a cloak for fool 

*BALANE, s. /. {med.) a pessary 
*BALANIDES, adj. els. m. pi. a 

family of cirripedes. 
*BALANIFERES, adj. et s. m. pi. 

{bol.) the ^uercineE. 
BALANITE, s. m. (a fossil) bala- 
nites; {med.) s.f. balanites. 
BALANOPHAGE, ba-la-nA-az, 

adj.'m: etf. balanophagous, glan- 

*BALAN0PH0REES, adj. et s. 
f. pi. {bot.) a family of plants. 
*BALANOPHORE, s.m. {bot.)ha. 

*BALANORRHAGIE, a./, {med.) 

BALANT d'une manwuvre, s. m. 

{mar.) the bight of a rope. Abra- 

quer le — , to brace the rope. 

V. Crhm^nophthalme. 
*BALANUS, s. m. {anat.) balanns, 

BALAOU, s. m. {mar.) kind of 

BALASSE, s./. chaff-bed. 
BAL ASSOR, s. m. an Indian stuff 

made of bark. 

BALAST, s. m. {mar.) ballast. 
BALATAS, s. m. V. Sapotillier. 
*BALATE, s. /. {bot.) beche-de- 

•BALAUSTE, ba-lAst, s. f. ba- 

laustine, wild pomegranate. 
♦BALAUSTIER, ba-16s-tia, «. m. 

balaustine-tree, wild pomegra- 

lists trcG 
BALAYAGE, ba-U-ySij, s. m. 

BALAYER, bi-U-ya, v. a. v. 80, 

to sweep. Balayer {jig^) Le 

vent balaye, the wind sweeps. 

{Fig. in war.) Balayer lepays, to 

sweep, to scour the country. 
BALAYEU-R, SE, ba-l«-ySur, 

y^uz, s. m. etf. scavenger, sweep- 
er. BaLayeur {mar.) swabber, 

sweeper, captain swabber. 
''BALAYEUR, adj. hairs in tho 

style of the synanthera. 
BALAYURES, bi-l^-yftr, s.f. pi 

sweepings. — de mer, sea-weeds. 




bir, bat, base, antique ; ihire, f bb, ovdr, jeflne, mfiute, b^urre, li^n : 

BALAZfiES, s /. a kind of cotton 
made in and near Surat. 
BALBEC, s. m. (Syria) Balbec. 
•BALB0SARD, s. m. bald-buz- 

BALBUTIEMENT, bal-bfi-si- 
mjin, s. m. stuttering, stammer- 

BALBUTIER, bal-bii-sid, v. n. 
V. 3, to lisp, to stammer. Bal- 
BUTiEK, (sometimes v, a.) to lisp, 
to stammer out. — un camplimenij 
to stammer out a compliment. 
BALCON, bal-kon, s. m. balcony. 
B.\lcon, balcon (in a theatre). 
BALDAQUIN, bal-da-Aira, s. m. 

baldachin, canopy. 
BALDIVIA, s.f. (Chili) Baldivia. 
BALE, s.f, (Switzerland) B^sle. 
*BALE, s.f. (hot.) glume. 
BALfiARES (Sfes), the Balearic 
Islands, Majorca and Minorca. 
BALEINE, ba-lSn, s. f. whale. 
Barbes ou fanons de — , barbs of 
a whale, iiuile de^, whale oil. 
Blanc He — .spermaceti. BaUine, 
whalebone. Les — s d'un para- 
pluie, the sticks of an umbrella. 

BALEINE, E, ba-14-nd, adj. Vn 
corset — , whalebone stays. 
_ BALEINEAU, X, ba-14-n&, s. m. 
a young whale, cub. 

B ALEINIER, s.m. whaler. Green- 
land-man. Un navire — , adj. a 
whale-ship, a whaler. 

BALENAS, ba-14-na, s. m. the 
pizzle of a whale. 

BALESTRON, s. m. (,mar.) sprit 
of a shoulder-of-mutton sail. 

BALEVRE, ba-lJvr, s.f. the un- 
der lip, (out of use in this sense.) 
Balevre {arch.) the jut, jutting 
or projection of one stone beyond 
another, near a joining, in the 
intrados or inner curve of an 
arch, or in the parement of a 

BALI, s. m. the written language 
of the Brahmins. 

*BALICASSE, 3. m. balicassio, 
the Philippine crow. 

*BALIGOULE, s. m. (6o<.) agari- 
cus eryngii. 

BALIN, ba-liw, s. m. winnowing 

BALINE, ba-l in, s.f, coarse wool- 
len packing-cloth. 

BALISAGE, ba-li-saz, s. m. (mar.) 
establishing of buoys, of beacons, 

BALISE, ba-Uz, s. /. (mor.) sea- 
mark, buoy, beacon, 

BALISER, V. o.v. 3 .(nwr.) to buoy. 

BALISEUR, s. m. water-bailiff 

*BALISIER, Baralou ou Canne 
d'inde, s. m. (hot.) cannacorus. 

»BALISIERS, Balisioides. F. 

BALISTAIRE, ba-lIs-tJr, s. m. 

BALISTE, ba-list, s. f. (aniiq.) 
bdista. ♦Baliste (I'cA.) balistes, 
a genus of fish. 

BALISTIQUE, s..f. ballistics. 

BALIVAGE, bi-li-vis, s. m. a 
mark upon stand els, 

BAIJVEAU, X, ba-li-v5, s. m. 
tiller, standel. 

BALIVERNE, bi-li-vSm, s. f. 
nonsense, humbug, stuff (fam.) 
BALIVERNER, ba-li-ver-na, v. 
n, V. 3, to be taken up with tales 
or idle stories, to trifle, (fam.) 
BALLADE, bS-lid, ^s./. ballad. 
BALLANT,a<J7. ». waving, swing- 
ing. U marche les bras — s, he 
swings his arms in walking. 
BALLE, bal, s. /. a ball. Jouer 
A !a — , to play at ball. Prendre 
la — au bond, to improve the op- 
portunity. Jvger la — , to have 
a good ball eye. Xa — la perd, la 
— la gagne, losing ball, winning 
ball, the ball's in, the ball's out. 
Enfants de la — ,children follow- 
ing the business of their father, 
one of the same gang, of the same 
clan. A vous la — , y6u are to 
speak, 'lis your turn to speak or 
do any thing. Balle, ball, bul- 
let, shot. Fusil charg6 d — , a 
musket loaded with ball. — s-ra- 
mies, chain-shot. (Fig. et fam.) 
Ce sont — s perdues, useless en- 
deavours, useless diot. Canon 
de huit livres de — s, an eight- 
pounder. Balle d'avoine, the 
chaffer coat of oats. Balle, the 
integimient or husk of rice. Bal- 
le de marchandises, a bale or 
pack, of goods. Faire une — , un 
ballot, to pack. Une chose de — , 
a thing of no value. Marchan- 
dises de — ) (in contempt) pedler's 
wares. Des nouveUesde — .paltry 
news. Un juge de — , a paltry 
jud^e. Un rimeur de — , a paltry 
poet. (Such locutions are wearing 
outofuse.) Balle, printer's ball. 

BALLER, V. n. v. 3, to hop, to skip, 
(old.) he grand chanlrebaheraau 
premier psaume, the precentor 
shall bo w ornod at the iirst psalm. 

BALLET, ba-lS, s. m. (dance) 
ballet, ^ pantomime or simply, 
— , pantomime ballet. Monter un 
— , to get up a ballet. 

BALLINAKIL, Ballinakil. 

BALLON, ba-lon, s. m. football. 
Enfli comme un — , swelled like 
a drum. Ballon, an air balloon. 
Ballon (fire-works) balloon. 
Ballon (mar.) a sort of galley 
or barge of Siam. *Ballon 
(clam.) a spherical glass receiver, 
a balloon. 

BALIX)NNfe, E, ba-16-ni, adj. 
bellying, bellied ; (med.) swollen, 
swelled, braced. 

BALLONNEMENT, s. m. (med.) 
swelling, bracing, tightness. 

BALONNIER, b&.15-nU, s. m. 

BALLOT, bi-lo, s. m. a small 
bale, a package. VoUa voire 
vrai — , that will suit you exactly 

BALLOTTADE, s. /. (man.) bai 

BALLOTTAGE, hk-lb-tai, s. m. 
balloting, ballot. 

BALLOTTE, ba-16t, s.f. ballot, 
ball, ballotball. (The French 
now use boule instead of ballot.) 
*Ballotte, ballotte, black stink- 
ing horehonnd. Ballottes, /. 

pi. (cui.) galantines. 

BALLOTTE, s. m. (dance,) bal 

s. m. shuffling, shaking. 

BALLOTTER, ba-16-td, v. a. v 
3, to toss, to be tossed on, to bo 
tossed about on. Ballotter, to 
bandy (a tennis-ball.) — quelqu*un, 
(fig. etfam.) to toss one firom post 
to pillai-j'to keep one running 
about. Ballotter nne affaire, 
to debate, to discuss an aflair, to 
canvass a question ; to ballot. 

Ballotter, v, n. y. 3, to shuQle, 
to shake. Cette fenUre ballotte, 
that window shuffles. 

BALLOTTIN, s. m. a sort of 
orange-tree. Ballottin, (dimi- 
nutif.) a parcel, a packet. 

"BALI/yiTINE, «./. (chim.) bit- 
ter principle of the ballota nigra. 

BALOCHER,!). n. v. 3, to prome- 
nade slowly in a coach. 

BALOU, s. m. schooner of the W. 

BALOURD, E, ba-15or, 16ord, 
s. m. etf. a numskull, a dolt, a 

RIE, ba-16or-drl, s. f. a dull, 
stupid, blockish thing, an absur- 
dity ; stupidity, blockishness. 

*BALSAMADENE, s. f. (bo(.) 
subcutaneous glands of plants. 

*BALSAMIER, s. m. (hot.) a ge- 
nus in botany. 

*BALSAMIFERE, adj. (bot.) bal- 

■►BALSAMIFLUES, adj. el s. f. 
pi. (Jiot.) a family of plants. 

*BALSAMINE, bal-za-inin, «./ 
(6ot.) balsamine. 

*BALSAMINEES, adj. el s.f. pi. 
(bot.) a family of plants. 

BALSAMIQUE, bal-za-mik,<7di 
balsamic, balsamical. 

BALSAMITE. V. Tanaisie. 

BALTIMORE, (U. S.) Baltimore. 
Baltimore, s. m. (om.) ictemus. 

'BALTIMOREES, adj. et s.f. pi. 
(bot.) a section of heliantheas. 

BALTIQUE, ou la mer Bal- 
TjdUE, s.f. Baltic. 


BALUSTRADE, ba-l&s-trad, ^. 

/. balustrade, rails. 

BALUSTRE, ba-liistr, s. m. bal- 
luster, railing. 

B ALZAN, bal-zan, adj. trammel- 
led, cross-trammelled, white-all- 

BALZANE, s. f. (man.) white- 
foot, white spot, blaze. 

BAMBERG, s. m Bamberg. 

BAMBIN, ban-bin, s.m a baby, 
brat, bantling, (fam.) 

BAMBCK:HADE, ban-b6-sh4d, 
s.f. scene, sketch of low-life. 

BAMBOCHE, ban-bfish, s. /. a 
great puppet. BAMBOcHE.shnmp, 
a punch. Unevraie — , a complete 
shrimp, a punch of a man. B.\m- 
BOCHE, bamboo. Bamboche, 
(pop.) drinking bout, fuddling, 
riot, debauchery. 

BAMBOCHEU-R, SE, s. one ad- 
dicted to intemperance ; one thai 








r6b, 16rd 

mflod, hfiod, 




bit, bnin. 

leads an irregular life ; a fuddler, 
tippler, debauchee. 

BAMBOU, ban-b6o, s. m. bam- 
boo. Bambou, a bamboo-cane, 
a bamboo, a ratan. 

•BAMBUSACfiES, adj. et s. f. 
pi. {but.) a tribe of graraineae. 

*BAMBUSEES, adj. et s. f. pi 
ibot.) a tribe of gramineae. 

BAMFF, ••!. m. (Scotland,) Banffi 

BAN, ban, s. m. ban, public pro- 
clamation. — a vin, ban-vin, a pub- 
lic notice of the time when it is 
lawful to sell new wine; ban- 
vin. Battre un — , to beat a ban. 
Ban, bann or publication of ma- 
trimony. Acheter des — s, to get 
a licence. Ban, ban (whereby 
the king summons to the war all 
that hold of him.) U a riuni h— 
et Varribre — de safamille, he has 
mustered all his kin, his clan. 
Pour d — , moidin A — , banal- 
oven, banal-mill. Ban, ban, ba- 
nishment. Au — de Vempire, un- 
der the ban of the empire. 

BANAL, E, ban&l, adj. belong- 
ing to a manor, common. Tau- 
reau — , a common or town-bull. 
Temoin — , a kiiight of the post. 
Expressifm — e, vulgar or hack- 
neyed expression. 
[Ba-nal after the noun.] 

BANALlTfi, ba-na-li-ta, s. f. 
a privilege of the lord of a ma- 
nor ; feudal service. V. Ban. 

'BANANE, ba-nan, s.f. banana, 
ficus Indica. 

*BANANIER, ba-na-nia, s. m. 

'BANANIERS. V. MusacSes. 

*BANANIVORE, adj. feeding on 


BANC, ban, s. m. bench, seat, etc. 
— des acocats, advocates' bench. 
— du roi, court of king's bench. 
— commun, court of common 
pleas. — d'eghse, a church seat, a 
pew. — de I'caiwe, churchwar- 
dens' pew. ^ire sur les — , se 
jnetire sur les — s, to attend, to be- 
gin to attend college lectures ; to 
attend college, to go to college. 
Banc, (jnar.) reef, shoal, sand- 
bank, bank. Urt—de email, a 
coral-reef. Banc, shoal, bed. — 
de poisson, a shoal offish. Un — 
d'huilres, a bed of oysters. Un 
Banc de glace, {mar.) iceberg. — 
depierre, a layer, a bed of stone. 

BANCA, s. m. (in Asia,) Banca. 

BANCAL, E, ban-cal, adj. et s. 
bandy-legged; a little "bandy- 
legged man or woman, {/am.) 

BANCASSE, s. /. a seat in the 
after-part of a gaHey behind the 
stem, for the man at the helm. 

(cAir.) Hippocrates' bench. 

BANCELLE, s. /. a long narrow 
form, a seat. 

BANCHE, s. /. {mar.) ridge, reef 
of rocks under water. 

BANCO, ado. banco (in exchange.) 

BANCROCHE, ban-krtah,) adj. 
et s. des deux genres, bandy-leg- 
ged, rickety. 

BANDA, (in Asia,) Banda. 

*BANDAGE, bSn-das, s. m.{cMr.) 
banda^. — en T, theT bandage. 
— herniaire, a truss, — simple, sim- 
ple truss. Bandage, the tire of 
a cart-wheel, etc. 

BANDAGISTE, ban-di-zlst, s. 
m. truss-maker. 

BANDE, band, s. /. band, welt, 
swath, thong, strip, bandage. La 
— d'une seUe, the side-bar of a 
saddle. La-^un biUard, the 
cushion ofa billiard table. Mettre 
sous — un livre,to put a book under 
cover, inU) slips. Bande, band, 
compariy; gang, set of people, 
crew; lught, muster, troop. Me- 
ner la — , to be the ringleader. 
Faire Bands i part, to stay or to 
live by one's self Bande, {bl.) 
bend. Bande d'ceillet, back. 
Bandes de Jupiter, {ast.) Jupiter's 
belts. B.inde, {arch.) band, ias> 
cia, string. Bande, {mar.) the 
side of a ship, Vaisseau d h — , 
ship laid on her careen. — de sa- 
6or(?s, tier of gun-porla. Donner 
d la — , toiieel. Tomher, mater d 
la — , to lee-fall. V-m demi — , 
parliament-heel or boot-topping 
ofa ship. — du nord, the northern 
shore, etc. of an island, latitude. 
— desns,reetbands. En — .'adv. 
command, amain! Jjorguer ou 
Jiler en — , to let- go amain ! 
Bandes, doubled-hides. 

BANDE, E, part. v. 3, (bl.) 

BANDEAU, X, ban-dfl, s. m. 
heddband, fillet, frontlet, band- 
age. Le — royal, the royal wreath 
or diadem. Le — d'wne veuve, 
widovv's. peak. Bandeao, veil, 
mist. Bandeau, {arch.) case ; 
door-case, window-case. 

BANDEGE, s. m. tray, (table.) 

BANDELETTE, band-14t, s. f. 
a little band, string or fillet; 
{arch.) ttenie, bandelet. 

BANDER,ban-da, ». a.v.3,tobind 
up. — fesveuar, to blindfold. Band- 
er un cable, to tighten, to bend 
a cable. — un arc, to bend a bow, 
— son esprit, avoir I'esprtt bandd, 
to bend one's mind, to have one's 
mind bent. (Such phrases are 
now obsolete; the latter is re- 
placed by avoir Vesprit tendu.) 
Bander, (tennis-playmg,) to ban- 
dy. — {arch.) to lay the stones of 
art arch or vault, se Bander, 
to rise, to band against one. (In 
this sense bander is obsolescent.) 
Bander wnc voile, {-mar.) to line 
a sail at the edges in order to 
strengthen it. 

Bander, d. n. v. 3, to be tight. 

BRON, Corabroan. 

BANDEREAU, ban-dru, s. m. a 
trumpet^sling. bandrol. 

BANDEROLE, ban-dr6l, s. f. 
bandrol, streamer, pennant, small 
flag; the buff or shoulder-belt to 
which the soldier's cartridge-box 
is fixed; and was also used lo 
denote the sling of a musket or 

*BANDEROLft, adj. (n. A.) with 

transversal distinctly coloured 

BANDIERE, s.f. standard, en- 
sign, flag or colours. Front de 
— , a line formed abreast. 

BANDINS, s. m. pi. {mar.) orna- 
mented stanchions (to support the 
after-canopy or awning of a row- 

BANDIT, ban-di, s. m. vagrant, 
vagabond. J^tre fait comme un 
— , to look like a vagrant, {fam.) 

BANDOIR, s. m. spring, (m ri- 

BANDORE, s.f. Russian lute. 

BANDOULIER, ban-d6o-lid, s. 
m. a highwayman, mountaineer. 
(Not much used.) 

BANDOULIERE, ban-d6o-lIftr, 
s. /. bandoleer ; shoulder-belt. 
Donner la — d quelqu'un, to give 
one the office of gamekeeper. 
Oler la — d un garde-chasse, to 
cashiei*, to turn off a gamekeeper. 
Porter une chose en — , to carry a 
thing slung behind one. 

BANDURE, s. /. {bot.) bandura. 


"BANG, s. m. (an African tree,) 
bangue, bonge. 


coarse stufi!*,) bange. 
"BANGUE, «./. (E. India hemp,) 

BANIANS, s. m. pi. Banians. 
BANLIEUE, ban-liSu, s.f. the 
jurisdiction, precincts or liberties 
of a town (within the bills of 
mortality ;) outskirts (of a town.) 
BANNATES, s. m. pi. tallow- 
sieve or strainer. 
BANNE, ban, «. /. awning, tilt 
hamper, wicker cart. 
BANNEAU, s. m. {mar.) V 
BouiE. Banneau, Banneau et 
Bannette, hamper, fruit-basket; 

BANNER, ba-na, v. a. ,. 3, to 
cover with a tilt. 
BANNERET, ban-rS, adj. ban- 
neret. Un chevalier — , a baronet 
(corrupted from banneret.)— sui. 
a banneret. 

BANNES, s. /. pi. a sort of tum- 

BANNETON, ban-ton, s. m. a 
cauf (for fish.) 

BANNETTE, s.f. kind of basket. 
BANNI, E, part, de Bannir, v. i, 
banished, outlawed. Un banni, 
an outlawed person, prescript, 
outcast, exile, outlaw. 
BANNIERE, ba-ni4r,,«./. ban- 
ner, standard, flag. La croix et 
la — , holy banner, procession 
banner. Arborer la. — -, to hoist 
the flag, the colours. {Pavilion 
is more generally used in this 
sense.) Se ranger sous la — de 
quelqu'un, to side w ith one. Les 
voiles snnt en — , {m/ir) the sheets 
of the sails fly. 
BANNIR, ba-nlr, v. a. y. 4, tc 
banish, to expel, to dismiss, se 
Bannir d'un lieu, to banish one's 
self from a place. 
BANNISABLE, adj. deservhig 
banishment or to be banisheir 
(little used). 










6bb. ov^r 





BANNISSEMENT, bSt-nis-man, 
s. m. banishment. 
BANQUE, banli, s. f. banlting 
business. Maison de—, banking- 
house. BANauE, banlc. Action 
de la — , a bank share. Billel de 
— , a bank note. Fete a la — , the 
bank is shut. BANauE, (among 
printers) bank, wages. Jour de 
— , bank-day, pay-day. Faire mu- 
ter la — , (in gambling) to break, 
to blow up the bank. 
BANQUEROUTE, bank-rfiot, 
s. /. bankruptcy. Faire — , to 
break, to turn bankrupt. Faire 
— i quelqu'un, to fail to one, to 
disappoint one. 

bank-r6o-tI S,s.m bankrupt, (sel- 
dom used in the feminine). 
BANQUET, ban-AS, s. m. ban- 
quet, feast i under part of the 
cheek of a bit. 
BANQUETER, bank-ta, v. n. v. 
76, to banquet, to feast, to jun- 
ket, (/om. and but little used). 
BANQUETTE, ban-ASt, s. f. a 
long seat stuffed with hair, and 
covered with cbth, etc.; a bench. 
Jouer devant les — s, jouer pour 
les — s, fjihdatre) to play to empty 
seats, to an empty house. Ban- 
QHETTE, {fort.) banquette, a rais- 
ed way, a little bank. Ban- 
aoETTE, footpath, causeway. 
(TVotoiV is the more common 
word.) Banqhettes, stretchers 
of a galley or row-boat. 
BANQUIER, ban-kid, s. m. ban- 
ker. Batmder en cour de Rome, 
proctor. IJANauiER, banker, a 
vessel employed in the New- 
foundland fishery. 
BANQUISE or Bancqiiise. V. 
Banc de slace. 

BANTAIM, s. m. (Java) Bantam. 
*BANTAME, s./. bantam-hen. 
BANVIN, s. m. {feudal) ban-vin. 
*BAOBAB, s. m. (Jot) baobab. 
BAPTEME, ba-t6m, s. m. bap- 
tism, christening. Norn de , 

christian name. Tenir un enfant 
sur Us fonts de — , to stand god- 
father or godmother to a child. 
Le — d'un navire, the baptizing, 
naming of a ship. Le— du tro- 
pique, de la ligne, the ceremony 
of crossing the line, ducking at 

BAPTISER, ba-ti-za, v. a. v. 3, 
to baptize, to christen.— des clo- 
ches, to consecrate bells. — un va- 
isseau, to give a ship her name. 
— quelqu'un, to give one a nick- 
name.— son vin, to dilute one's 
wine, to put a great deal of wa- 
ter to one's wine. 

BAPTISMAL, E, ba-tls-mal, 
adj. baptismal, of baptism. 
[Baptismal after the noun.] 

BAPTISTAIRE, ba-tis-t6r, adj. 
registre — , parish register. Ex- 
trait — ou simplement, — extract 
of baptism, certificate of baptism. 
[Baptistaire always follows the 


BAPTISTE, s. m. the Baptist. 

BAPTISTERE, ba-tis-t^r, s. m. 
a baptistery. 

BAQUET, ba-ftS, s. m. tub. Ba- 
auET a mortier, (masonry) buck- 
et. BAauET <J laver, (printing) 
trough, wetting-trough. Baciuet 
magndtique, a magnetizing tub. 

BAQUETER, bak-td, v. a. v. 76, 
to scoop out water. 

BAQUETURES, bik-tiit, 
the drippings of wine or beer in 
the tap-tub. 

BAR, bir, s. m. hand-barrow. 
Bar, (iZ.) bar or barbie. 

BARAGOA, s. m. (Cuba) Baragoa. 

BARAGOUIN, ba-ra-gwire, s. m. 
a broken dialect, jargon, gibbe- 
rish, {fam), 

BARAGOUINAGE, ba-ra-gwl- 
naz, s. m. gibberish, jabber, rig- 
marole, {fam.) 

BARAGOUINER, ba-ra-gwi- 
na, ». n. v. 3, to talk gibberish; 
to gabble. 

Bakagouiner, v. a. v. 3, to sput- 
ter, to mangle. — le Francis, to 
mangle French, to speak broken 
French, (colloquial). 

BARAGOUmEU-R, SE, ba-ra- 
gwi-nSnr, neuz, a, m. el f. jab- 
berer, {fam.) . 

Balisier. ■ 

BA RANGE, (officer of the Greek 
einpire) barangus. 

BARAQUE, ba-rak,s./. barrack. 

. Camp de — s, a barrack-camp ; 
hut-barrack; booth. — de chantier, 
dockyard' shed. Baraque, ho- 
vel; shabby workshop, toyshop; 
shabby, miserly house. 

BARAQUER, ba-ri-Ad, v. n. v. 
3, SE BABAai;ER, V. r. to make 
barracks. ' 

(mar.) barratry. 
BARRATHRE, s. m. gulf, (old). 
BARATTE, ba-rat, s.f. chum. 
BARATTEjZamaTwZe, barrel-chum. 

BA RATTER, ba-ra-ta. v.a. v. 3, 
to churn. 

BARBACANE, bar-ba-kan, 
s.f. (fort.) barbacan, barbican; a 
loop-hole ; a hole to let the wa- 
ter in or out. 

BARBACOLE, s. m. pedagogue, 

Barbacolle, s. m. (game) pharao. 

BARBADE, s.f. Barbadoes. 

BARBARE, bar-bar, od;. savage, 
merciless, barbarous ; rude, bar- 
barian. Barbare, s. m. barba- 
rian. C'est un — , he is a barba- 
rian, a goth, a vandal. 
[Barbare follows the noun of 

persons, might precede that of 

things: cette barbare conduite; the 

analogy must be close to admit 

of this. See Adjectif.] 

BARBAREMENT, bar-bir- 
man, ado. barbarously, (seldom 
[Barbarement follows the verb.] 

BARBARESQUE, adj. et subst. 
Barbary. Les—s, the states of 
Barbary, the Moors. 

*BARBAREsaBE, s. m. (mam.) mus 

BARBARICAIRE, s.m. (artist in 
tapestry) barbaricarius. 

BARBARIE, bar-bi-rl, s.f. bar- 

barity, cruelty. Barbakie de 
langage, barbarity, or barbarous- 
ness of language, of style. Baji- 
BARiE, (Africa) Barbary. 
BARBARISME, bar-ba-rism, «. 
m. barbarism (of language). 
*BARBASTELLE, s.f. a specie* 
of bat, (barbastel). 
BARBE, barb, s.f. beard. Joun 
de — , shaving, trimming days. 
Faire la — a quelqu'un, to ehavo 
or trim one. Se faire la — , faire 
sa — , to shave one's self. Sejaire 
faire la barbe, to get one's self 
shaved. Unejeune — , a beard- 
less boy. H a la — tropjeune, he 
is loo young as yet^ Faire &— 
-i quelqu'un, to aflTront, to beard, 
to abuse one. 11 rit dans sa — , 
he laughs in his sleeve. — de 
chat, a cat's whiskers Barbe de 
coq, a cock's wattle or gills. — s 
de turbot, a turbot's fins. — s de 
haleine, whalebone, whale-fins 
or whiskers; beard of a horse. 
— s, the barbies or barbel. Bar- 
BEs d'ipi, awn, beard, ia— 
d'une plume, the down or fea- 
ther of a quill. Barbe d'une 
comke, beard, (rays) of a comet. 
Barbe {mar.) ends of a plank, 
or wooding. — d'un vaisseaa, en- 
trances, fore-foot of a ship. Mou- 
iUer en — , to come with two 
anchors ahead. Barbes, (arts) 
beard; asperities, the rough. 
Barbes, the lappets. — d'une co- 
iffe, pinner. *BARBE-DE-Bonc,/. 
(not.) goat's beard, tragopogon — 
de Jupiter, silver-bush, barba 
Jovis. — de chhyre, queen of the 
meadow, meadow-sweet — de re- 
nard, goat's thom.— de-moine, 
sainte-Barbe, the gun-room (in 
a ship), powder-joom. 
Barbe, s. m. barb, Barbary horse. 
BARBE, E, adj. (bl.) barbed, 

*BAREEAU, X, bar-b&, s. m. 
(ich.) barbel. Barbeau de mer, 
surmullet, muUusbarbatus. Bar- 
beau, the bluebottle. (Bluet is 
more common than barbeau.) 
Bleu — , a sort of light-blue, blue- 
bottle colour. 
BARBELE, E, barb-la, adj. 

bearded, barbed. 
''BARBELLE, s. /. (lot.) scales 
of synanthera. 

•BARBELLULE.s./. (lot.) small, 
prickly scales of the synanthera. 
BARBERIE, birb-rl, s.f. shav- 
ing and trimming; barberie, (obs.) 
BARBEROT, s. m. a paltry bar- 
ber, shaver or tonsor, (obs.) 
BARBET, TE, bar-bJ, bet, s. m. 
etf. a water-dog, a shagged dog, 
a spaniel, a rug. *ii'tre crotli 
cumme un — , to be as dirty as 
can be. C'est un — , he is a tell- 

BARBETTE, barbet, s.f. barbe, 
barbet, Tirer ct~, to fire on 
barbe. Ballerie d — , and adjec- 
tively, baUerie — , a battery on 

BARBEYER, v. n. v. 80, (wiarl to 








fib, lord, 

mood, h6od, 






shiver ; is said of a sail that flaps. 
(JBarboter is also used in the 
same sense, and Faster still more 

BARBICHE coaqviUes, s. m. co- 
coa of the coast (of St. Domingo). 

BARBICHON, bar-bi-shon, s. m. 
a shaggy spaniel puppy. 

♦BARBICORNE, adj. (eni.) with 
hairs at the base of the antenna. 

BARRIER, bar-bia, s. m. barber, 

BARBIFIER, bar-bl-fla, ». a. v. 
3, to shave, to take one's beard 
ofC Se — , to take one's beard off 

BARBIFIE, E, pari, shaved, trim- 

*B A RBIGERE, adj.(bot.) bearded. 

BARBILLON, bar-bi-lon, s. m. 
a little barbel; beard, whiskers 
of a barbel. 

*BARBILLONS, s. pi. {vel.) bar- 

*BARBINERVfi, adj. {iot.) with 
hairy nerves. 

♦BARBIPEDE, adj. hairy-footed. 

*BABBIR0STR£, ad;, with hairs 
on the beak. 

*BARBI-R0USSA, s. m. (mam.) 
barbyrousa. - 

BARBON, bar-bon, s. m. gray- 
beard, a dotard. II fait dija le — , 
aiready plays the graybeard. 

BARBONNAGE, s. m. peevish- 
ness, (obs.) 

BARBORA, s. m. Barbora. 

•BARBarE, b5.r-b5l, s.f. an eel- 

BARBarER, bar-b5-ta , v. n. v. 3, 
to dabble. Barbotek, (mor.) F. 


BARBOTEUR, bar-b5-tfeur, s. m. 
a tame duck. 

BARBOTEUSE, bar-bj-teuz, s. 

f. a dirty drab, a street-walker, 

*BARBOTINE, s. /. wormseed, 
santolina, semen contra vermes. 

BARBOUDE, s.f. Barbuda. 

BARBOUILLAGE, bar-b6o-?az, 
s. m. daub, daubing; scrawl; 
rigmarole, (fam.) 

BARBOUILLE, E, part, de iar- 
bouiUer; v. 3, daubed, besmeared. 
Se moquer de la barbouiUie, to 
jbke, not to care, (prov. and vul- 

B r-bflo-Za , v. a. 
V. 3, to daub, to besmear; to soil, to 
dirty, to blot ; to scrawl, to scrib- 
ble; to waste; to stammer to 
sputter out. Celhommebarboiul- 
Ze, the man stammers, loses 
himself BAEBOniLLER, to mum- 
ble ; to stumble, to flounder ; to 

SE Barbouiller, v. t. v. 3, to be- 
smear, to begrime. Se — de suie, 
to begrime one's self with soot. 
Se — ( fe. et fam.) to blackball 
one's self, ie temps se barbouille, 
(fam. et Jig.) the weather be- 
gins to thicken. 

s.m. a coarse low painter ; daub- 
er, hesmcarer, a scribbler, a pal- 
try writer, paper-blurrer ; (Jig. 
etfam.) nmmbler, babbler. 

BARBOUTE, s.f. (in sugar refi- 
ning), sugar full of molasses. 

BARBU, E, bar-bft, bit, adj. s. 
bearded, full of beard. *B\reu, 
(bol.) barbated, bearded. 

*)3arbu, s.m. (om.) bucco. 

♦BARBUE, s.f. (ich.) dab or sand- 
ing. BARBUt:, quickset vine. 

*BARBULE, s.f.(n. A.) beard. 

*BARBULE, adj. (bot.) bearded. 

■"BARBULOiDES, adj. et s.f. pi. 
{hot.) a family of musci. 

*BARBUS, adj. et s. m. pi. (orn.) 
a family of sylvicolss. 

BAR^UQUET, s. m. chop or scab 
on one's lips. 

BARCALLAS, s. m. barcalao, 

BARCALON, s.m. barcalon, 
(prime minister of Siam.) 

BARCAROLLE, bar-ka-r61, »./. 
sort of Italian boat-song, barca- 

BARCASSE, s. /. (mnr.) a small 
barque, a shabby vessel. 

BARCE ou BERCHE, s. m. (a 
kind of cannon,) berce, barche, 
falconet or fauconet. 

BARCELONE, s.f. Barcelona. 

n4t, s. /. sort of child's bed, a 
cradle, barcelonette. 

BARCELOR, s. m. Barcelore. 

BARCaLONGO, s. m. a Spanish 
coasting vessel. 

BARD, s. m. handrbarrow. 

BARDACHE, «. m. catamite 

*BARDANE, bar-dan, s. f. bur 
or burdock. 

BARDE, bard, s.f. barde or barbe, 
iron-armour, caparison ; a thin 
broad slice of bacon; bardelle 

Barde, s. m. bard.. 

BARDE, E,'part.iZe Border, v. 3, 
barded, covered with a thin 
broad slice of bacon, larded. 
£lre bardi de cordons, (Jig. et 
fam.), to be stuck all over with 
ribbons. £(re bard^ de ridicules, 
(Jig. etfam.) to have a rich sup- 
ply of the ridiculous. Un ou- 
vrage bardi deproverbes, a work 
stuned with proverbs. 

BARDEAU, X, s. m. a shingle or 
tile of clefl wood. , 

BARDELLE, bar-d41, s. f. bar- 
delle, (saddle.) 

BARDER, bar-di, i) a. v. 3, to 
cover a fowl with a thin broad 
slice of bacon, to lard, to capari- 
son a horse, to remove stones, 
wood, etc. on a handbarrow. 

BARDEUR, s. m. a day-labourer 
(who carries the handbarrow). 

BARDIS, s. m. (niar.) water-boards 
or weather-boards, partitions in 
the hold. 

BARDOT, bar-d&, s. m. a small 
mule, a drudge, waste, waste 

BARfeGE, s.f. (France), Bareges. 

BAREGE, ba-r52, s. m. light 
plain woollen stuff 

*BAREGINE„ s.f. synonymous 
with Glairine. 

BaREITH, s. m. Bareith. 

*B ARET, s. m. cry of the elephant 
or rhinoceros. 

BARGE, barz, s. f. capriceps, 
limosa, barge, oegocephalus, god- 
wit, stone-plover ; haystack, 
wood-pile ; barge, skiff, yawl. 

BARGUIGNAGE, bar-^i-gnaz, 
s. m. boggling, haggling, hum- 
ming and hawing, (/am.) 

BARGUIGNER, bar-«ri-gna,r.7i. 
V. 3, to be irresolute, to make 
inany words, to boggle, to hag- 
gle, to hum and haw, to waver, 
to chaffer, to beat down the 

BARGUIGNEU-R, SE, bar-gi- 
gneur, gnduz, s.m.etf. haggler, 

BARI, (Naples), Barni. 

BARIL, ba-ri, s. m. barrel, rund- 
let, small cask. 

BARILLAR, s. m. steward or offi- 
cer having charge of the wine 
and water in the row-galleys. 

BARILLAT, ba-rl-Za, s.m. (mar.) 

*BARILLE, s. /. barilla. 

•►BARILLE, s. /. (bot.) Salsola 

BARILLET, ba-ri-ZS, s. m. rund- 
let, boXj barrel of a watch. 

BARIOLAGE, ba-ri5-la2, s. m. 
variegation^ odd medley of co- 
lours, (fam.) 

BARIOLE, E, part, de Barioler, 
V. 3, variegated, pied, speckled. 
F^ves barwUes, kidney, beans, 
scarlet-beans, (fam.) 

BARIOLER, ba-ri6.1a, v.a. v. 3, 
to daub or streak with several 
colours, to variegate, to speckle 

BARIQUAUT, s. m. keg. 

■►BARITE, s. /. (min.) baryta. 

*BARITEAUX, s. m. pi. bolting- 

♦BARIUM, s. m. (min.) barium. 

*BARLERIA, s. m. (plant.) barle- 
ria, snap-dragon. 

BARLONG, UE, adj. longer or 
shorter on one side than another; 
(geom.) parallelogram. 

BARNABITE, s. m. bamabite, 

*BARNACLE, Barnache, Bar- 


s.f. barnacle, barnace, bernicla, 
concha anatifera ; white-fronted 
goose, clakis, brent-goose, tree- 
goose, anas erythropus. 

*BARNAD£SIEES, adj. et s. f. 
pi. (bot.) a section of carlineK ; a 
tribe of synanthera. 

(med.) instrument for measuring 
and weighing new-bom infants. 

BAROMETRE, ba-r5-m^tr, s.m. 
barometer, weather-glass. 

*BAROMETRIQUE, adj. baro- 

instrument noting barometrical 

BARON, ba-ron, s. m. baron. Le 
plusjeune des — s, puisne-baron. 

BARONNAGE, s. m. baronage. 

BARONNE, bEL-r5n, s.f. baroneas. 

BARONNET, bSi-r6-n§, adj el 
subst. m. baronet. 










ibb, ovir 





BARONNIE, bi-r6-nl, s. /. ba- 

BAROQUE, ba-roli, adj. (applied 
to pearls only), rough, irregular, 
uneven; {jig.) odd, singular, 

[Baroque follows the noun; 
might precede it; cetle baroque 
cirimonie. The ear and analogy 
must be consulted. See Adjec- 


*BAROSANEME, «. /. instru- 
ment to measure the force of im- 
pulse of the wind. 

♦BAROSCOPE, s.m. baroscope. 

*BAROUTOUS, s. f. turtle dove 
of Cayenne. 

BARQUE, bark, s. f. (mar.) a 
bark or great boat, crail, a settee, 
a two-masted vessel with lateen 
sails. — de descente, flat-bottomed 
boat, — en fagot, boat in frame. 
hngue <ou double chaloupe, sort 
of piiuiace, large long-boat. — 
droite ! trim the hoat ! ( fe.) am- 
duire la — , to be ringleader. II 
conduit bien sa — , he is getting 
on very well. 

BARQUEE, s.f. {mar.) a boatful 
of any goods or stores. 

BARQUEROLLE, Barcanette, 
BAuaDANETTE, S.f. pas9age-boat, 

BARQUETTE, s.f. tray, baskets, 
boxes, etc. (made of gum paste). 

BARR.A, s. m. (Scotland), Barra. 

BARRAGE, ba-raz, s. m. toll, 
turnpike-money, a bar. 

BARRAGER, ba-ra-zd, s. m. 

B.\RRAS, 5. m. resin. 

BARRE, bar, s.f. bar. Barre 
defer, a bar of iron ; (fg.) Don- 
ner cent coups de — a quelqu'un, 
to cudgel one in a terrible man- 
ner. , Barre d'or ou d'argent, a 
wedge of gold or silver. *C'est 
de Vargent en — , 'tis as good as 
ready money. Barre, the band 
(of a girth and belt). Barres, 
ft. hip-straps. Barre, (cooper- 
mg), cross-bar. Barre, (piano- 
making), pole 07 board. Poser- 
la — d'une ipineiie, to set the pole 
of a spinet. Barre, 5^^e. Bar- 
re, (basket-making), stick (yr 
hoop. Barres, (printing), ribs. 
Barre dji chassis, bar of the 
chase. Barre, bar, lever, crow. 
Barre, (stable), pole, bar, trave. 
Barre d'appui, (arch.) hand-rail. 
Barre, rest. Barre, (measure), 
bar. C/ne — de drop, a bar of 
cloth. Barre, (jnur.) a bar, chain 
of rocks. Barre de gouvernail, 
tiller, helm, the whipstaff of a 
rudder. — de pompe, pump spear 
or spar. — de pont, deck-transom. 
— s de cabestan, bars of the crab 
or capstern. — s d'.arcasses, tran- 
soms. — s de contre-arcasses ou 
sous-harres d'arcasse, lower tran- 
soms. — de la soute du mailre ca- 
nonnier, the first transom. — de 
hune. frames of the cross-trees or 
trestle-trees. — s mahtresses de 
huii£, trestle-trees, — s Iraversiercs 
de hune, cross-trees. — de perro- 
queis, cross-trees of the top-masts. 

— d'icouiiUe, hatch-bars. — s de 
panneaux d'dcoulille, carlings or 
ledges placed athwart under the 
covers of the hatchway. — s de 
porte, gun-port bars. — s de vire- 
vaut, handspikes, bars of a wind- 
lass. Droit de la — , right the 
helm! Bahord la — .' hard a-port! 
port the helm ! — du gouvernail 
tout <J bord ! hard a port .' Change 
la — .' shift the helm ! Pousse la 
— a arriver ! no nearer, put the 
helm a-weather! Pousse la — 
au veut! \aS, keep your luff! 
Barre, bar, hinderance. Barre, 
a dash (through a word), hyphen. 
Barre, {jur.) the bar (in a court 
of justice). Instances pendantes 
d la—*, causes depending at law. 
Barre, (bl) a bar (in a coat of 
arms). Barres, (man.) bars. 
Barres ou Barres prison- 
NiERES, (a play), prison-bars, bar- 
riers. Xai — 5 sur vous, I am to 
catch you or I have caught you ; 
ifg.) Jouer d — s sures, to play a 
sure game, to go upon sure 
ground. Partir de — s, to set out 
immediately. Jouer aux — s, to 
play at hide and seek. 

Barre, E,part. V. Barrer, v. 3. 
Vergue barrie, (mar.) cross-jack 
yard. Dents barrdes, molar teeth 
with spreading or crooked &ngs. 
Barrd d'argent et de gueule, {pi.) 
with bar argent and gules. 

BARREAU, X, ba-r&, s. m. bars. 
Les — X d'uTie fenHre, window- 
bars. Barreau, (jut.) the bar, 
the counsellors, lawyers. Bar- 
reau, (printing), bar. 

BARRER, bsl-ra, v.a. v. 3, lobar. 
Barrer un port, (mar.) to secure 
or defend a liarbour, by fixing a 
boom across the mouth of it. 
Barrer, to scratch, to bar or 
strike out. B.ARSER la veine a 
un cheval, (man.) to knit fast a 

BAURETTE, ba-r4t, s. f. cap, 
bonnet. Jai bien parU d sa — , 
I have rated him soundly. 

BARRICADE, b4-ri-kad, A /. 
barricade, barricade. 

BARRICADER, ba-ri-ka-da, v. 

^a. V. 3, to barricade, to barricado. 
Se — , to barricade one's self.' 

BAkRifiRE, ba-rl4r, s. / rail, 
field-gate, turnpike, a bar, bar- 
rier, let, hinderance, obstacle,, 
toll-house. Barriers des Ser- 
gents, a guard-house, or a sortof 
Darrack for bailifS, lists or place 
to fight in, a place for tilts, bar- 
rier. Combat de — , tilt or tilting, 

BARRIL. KBaril. 

BARRILLET. K. Barillet. 

*BARRINGT0NIEES, adj. et s. 

f. pi. (hot.) a tribe of myrtacese. 

B.\RRIQUE, b4-rjk, s.f. a large 
barrel or cask. Barriques a 

feu OMfoudroyantes, thundering 
barrels, casks containing the 
fire-pots (in a fire-ship). 

*BARRIS, s. m. orang-outang. 

BARROIS, DucHE de Bar, s. m. 
(France), the Barrois or Bar. 

BARROS, s. m. V. Bdcaros. 

BARROT, s. m. (TTiar.) barling. 

— de coltis, collar-beam, — $ des 
ponls, beams of the higher decks. 
BARROTE, adj. full to the beams 
(said of a vessel which is over- 
BARROTER. v. a. v. 3, (mar.) to 
load. — un vaisseau, to fill a vessel 
to the beams, to overload a ship, 
BARROTINS, ». m. pi. ledges. 
— de caiUebotis, ledges of the 
gratings. — d^dcoutilles, spurs of 
the beams. 
BARSES, s.f. tea-chests. 
*BARTAVELLE, s.f. the red 
*BARTRAMIOIDES, adj. et s.f. 
pi, (bol.) a group of musci. 
•BARYCOlE, Barycoite, Ba- 
ryecoie, s. f. (med.) dulness of 
*BARYPHONIE, s.f (med.) dif. 
ficult articulation. 
*BARYPLOTERES, adj. el s. m. 
pi. (om.) a fam. of aquatic birds. 
Bahytico-SodI(117e, adj. (chim.) 
double salts, composed of a salt 
of baryta with one of silver, of 
■►BARYTIFERE, adj. (min.) con- 
taining baryta. 
*BARYTINIQUE, adj. (genl.) 
rocks containing sulphate of ba- 
♦BARYTIQUE, adj. (min.) rela. 
ting to baryta. 
■►BARYUM. v. Barium. 
♦BARYTE, s.f. (chim.) baryta. 

BAS, Basse, adj. not high, low 
Bas, not deep, almost dry, low,, 
shallow. — se eau, — se vier, low 
water. — ^ge marie, neap tide. Le 
jour est — , the sun is low. Le 
temps est — , the weather is over- 
cast. .Bas, vile, contemptible, 
low, mean, grovelling, despica- 
ble. Une figure — se, a vulgar 
countenance. Bas, mean, base, 
abject, tame, sordid. Le—peu- 
ple, the mob, the vulgar, the 
common people. Avoir la vue 
—se, to be purblind, or short- 
sighted. Vne — se messe ou une 
messe — se, a low mass. Bas, 
lower. One sdlle — se, a parlour. 
Une—sefosse, a dungeon. Bas, 
low, lower. Le Bas-Rhin, the 
Lower Rhine. Bas, inferior, 
lower. Les — officiers, the infe- 
rior officers. Mailre des — sea 
ceuvres, nightman, goldfinder. 
Bas, low — or — argent,low, de- 
based coin. De—aloi, of small 
value. De la — se boucherie, neck 
beef. Les — ses cartes, the small 
cards. Le Bas-Empire, the Low 
er Empire. Fairemain — se sur, 
to put all to the sword, a Basse- 
note, adv. low, with or in a low 

[Bas. We cannot say an bas 
homme, une basse femme, though 
we may say une basse envie, une 
basse jalousie. See Adjectif.] 
B.4S, ba, s. m. the lower part or 
end, the bottom or foot (of a 
thing). Le vin est aw — , the wine 







rftbe, rftb, lord, m6od, hflod, 






rung low, draws towai-ds the 
lees. Bas, slocking, hose.i — ^ 
rouler, roUed-slockings. — drap4^ 
railled'Stockin^s. Bonneiier, ven^ 
dear de — , hosier. Bas de soie, 
(ma.) iron garters, bilboes, fetters, 
Bas, adv. down, low. Jouer argent 
— , lo play with the money down. 
Parler, — , to speak low or softly, 
METTRE Bas, to bring forth, to 
whelp, to foal, to lay down. M 
a mis — une partie de ses milters;' 
he has laid down (stopped) Some 
of his looms. Les cerfs metieni 
— , the deer cast their horns. 
Metlre — les armes, to lay down 
one's arms. Meiire paviUon — , 
to strike, *to give it up, to yield, 
to submit. Chapeaa — , oft with 
your hat, hats off Tenir quel- 
qu'un — , to keep one in awe. 
Boiler tout — , to be quite lame. 
II est — , il est — perci, he is at 
a low ebb. 

A Bas, adv. down upon the ground. 
— down, get down. *Cette man- 
ufacture est — , there is an end 
of that manufacture. 
EN Bas, adv. down, downward, 
below. Meltre, — to put down. 
Tout le monde — ! a — tout le 
monde ! {mar.) men down ! Trai- 
ler quelqu* undu haut en — , tO use 
one scurvily, with contempt. 
ici-Bas, adv. here below. 
la-Bas, adv. below, yonder, yon 
there, yond. 

par-Bas, adv. downwards. 11 est 
logi — , he lodges on the ground 
*BASA.AL, a. m. (tree of India] 

*BASAL, adj. (n. h.) basilar. 
"BASALT, s. m. (,min.) basalt. 
*BASALTIFORME, adj. resem- 
bling basalt. 

•BASALTIGENE, »?/. that 
which grows on basaltic rocks. 
•BASALTIQUE, adj. basaltic. 
*BASALTOIDE._ V. Basalti- 


BASANE, s.f. sheep-leather. 

BASANE, E, ba-sa-na, adj. taW; 
ny, sun-burnt, swarthy, of 4 
swarthy complexion. 

BAS-B0RD,s.7B.(mar.) KBabort. 
Vaisseau de — , a low built ship. 

BASCHE, s.f. (in forges) slice. 

BASCIA SERAI, Bacaseray,' 
(Crimea] Bacasaray. 

BAS-C6Ti6S,«.m. pi. aisles, walks, 
wings (of a choir). 

BASCONADE, s.f. V. Basque. 

BASCULE, bas-*iil, s.f. a swipe, 
a swing-gate, a seesaw. Font de 
— , weighing machine (for wa- 

BAS-DESSUS, «. m. (mus.) coun- 
ter-bass ; second or double bass. 

BASE, biz, s. f. base, basis, bot- 
tom, foundation (of any things; 
establishment, ground - work, 
ground-plot; supporter. Base, 
(arch.,geom.) base, {in surveying,) 
base line of a plan, (pterm.) oasis, 
principal ingredients. 

BAS6, E, part. p. V. Baser, v. a. 
v. 3. 

*BASELLE, s.f. (hot.) basella. 
BASER, V. a. v. 3, to found, to 
fix or set, (as on a foundation, 
cause, reason or principle); to 

be Baser, v. r. v. 3, to be fixed or 
set ; to be grounded or founded. 
BAS-FON D, s. m. (ynar.) a shallow, 
a flat, shoal. 
[Basfond, plur. des hasfonds.l 
*BASIAL, adj. and s. m. portion 
of the vertebra of the articulata. 
♦BASICITE, s.f. tfihim.) the pro- 
perty of acting as a base. 
*BASIFICATIOW, s.f. (cAim.) the 
act of becoming a base. 
*BASIFIX, adj. Ijbot.) basifix. 
*BASIGENE, adj. (fjiim.) that 
which produces a base. 
*BASIGYNE, s. m. V. Gyno- 
*BASJHYAL, ^. m. (anat.) hyoid 
♦BASILAIRE, adj. (n. h.) basilar. 
*BASILAIRE, s. m, (anat.) arteria 
*BASILE, adj. (hot.) elevated on 

*BASILIC, ba-zi-lik, s. m. (bot.) 
basil, sweet basil, (rep.) basilisk, 

*BASILIc6n, s. m. (pJtarm.) ba- 

*BASILIDION, s.m. (pharm.) the 

BASILIQUE, bi-si-lik, s.f. basi- 
lic, a magnificent church, (amU.) 
basilica, the basilic vein. 

*BASILIQUE, adj. (anat.) basilic. 

BASILIQUES, s. /. pi. Basilic 

*BASINERVfi, adj. (hot.) leaf 
whose nerves spring from its 

(anat.) hyoglossus muscle. 

*BASIOGL0SSE, s. m. (anat.) ba- 

*BASIQUE, adj. (chim.) basic. 

♦BASISOLUTfi, adj. (bot.) with 
base prolonged. 

BAS-METIER, s.m. (in trimming- 
making) sticks, (in wig-making) 

BASOCHE, ba-z5sh, «./. (ancient 
French jurisdictiont bazoche. 

BASOCHIEN, s. m. bazochian. ■ 

*BASOiDE, adj. (min.) a peculiar 

BASQUE, bisk, s.f. skirt. 

BAsauE, s. m. basque. Courir 
comme un — , to be swift-footed. 
Tour de — , a clever trick, leger- 
demain, (jam.) Tambour de 
Basque, tabor or tabour. pas 
DE Basque, (dance) pas de basque. 

BASQUINE, bas-kln, s. /. upper 
petticoat worn by Spanish wo- 
men; basquina. 

BAS-R6LIEF, s. m. basso-relievo, 
[Bas relief, plur. des bas-reliefs.'] 

BASSE, has, s.f. bass. — de vrnle, 
or simply — , a bass-viol or violin- 
cello, — continue, the thorough- 

BASSE-CONTRE, s. /. double 


[Basse-contre, plur. des basses- 


BASSE-COUR, s. f. base-court,, 
lower or inner court, court of offi- 
ces ; poultry-yard. (Fig. el fam.) 
une nouvellc de basse-caur, Grub- 
street news. 

BASSE-FOSSE, s. f. Cul , de 
Basse-Fosse, dungeon. 

BASSE-MARCHE, s.f. (in weav- 
ing) treadle. 

BASSEMENT. adv. meanly, low- 
ly, pitifully, poorly, despicably, 
vulgarly, villanously, beggarly, 
creepingly, rascally, scurvily, 
vilely, dirtily, wretchedly, mis- 
erably, fawningly, shabbily, ig- 
nobly, servilely. U s'exprime — , 
he expresses himself vulgarly. 
Penser — , to think ignobly. 
[Bassement after the verb, or 

between the auxiliary and the 


BASSES, bas, s. /. pi shallows, 
flats, shoals, shelves, a ridge of 
rocks, sand-banks, breakers. 

BASSER, V. a. v. 3, (in weaving) 
to size woollen chain. 

BASSESSE, bS,-sSs, s./. baseness, 
meanness, vileness, crouching, 
despicableness, littleness, sordid- 
ness, turpitude, villany, vulgari- 
ty, wretchedness, servileness, 
slavishness. V. Abaissement, 
Abjection. — d'une expression, 
Ipwnessof an expression. . Faire 
une — , to do a base action^ to 
debase one's self, to behave 

BASSET, ba-sS, s. m. terrier. 

Basset, adj. of a low stature. 


SSE-TAILLE, s.f. (mus.) te- 
nor, (in sculpt.) bas-relief. 
\Basse-iailte, plur. des basses- 


BASSETTE, ba-sSt, s. f. (game) 

BASSE-VOILE, s. f. (mar.) the 
main and mizzen sails. Basses- 
voiles, the courses or principal 
lower sails of a ship. 

BASSICOT, s. m, (in distilling) 

phire, crest-marine. 

BASSIER, s. m. shoal in a river. 

BASSIN, ba-sin, s. m. basin ; vase, 
pond. Le — d'unport, the basin 
of a harbour, a wet dock, basin, 
an inner harbour. Ijes — s d'une 
balance, the scales of a balance, 
— de chaise percde, the pan of a 
close-stool. AUer an — , to go 
to stool. Bassin, (in hat-making) 
basin; (prow.) Crackez au — , 

' contribute something, (low el 

Jig. proo.) Bassin, (in glass 
grinding) rough-grinder, basin. 
*Bassin, (anat.) the pelvis. 

BASSINE, ba,-sln, s. /. a deep 
wide pan. 

BASSINER, ba-si-na, i.. a. v. 3, 
to warm, to bathe (with warm 
Iptions); to foment, to steep. Bas- 
siNER I'osier (in basket-making) 
to wet the willows or osiers, . 

BASSIJNET, bJi-si-nS, s. ni. parii 
fire-pan, the touch-pan of fire- 




bar, bat, base, antique: Ihire, ebb, ov^r, j^une, mfiute, b^urrc, Wn: 

arms. *Bassinkt, crowfoot, but- 
ter-cup or golden knob. 
BASSINET ou, Diablotin, ou 
VoLEUR, s>m. bass haulbois. 
BASSINOIRE, ba-si-nw4r, s.f. 
a warming-pan 

BASSOiV, ba-son, s. m. basson or 
bassoon, bassoonist. 
BASSORA ou Balsora, s. m. 
(Asia) Bassora. 

•BASSOKINE, s. /. (cim.) a pe- 
culiar vegetable mucilage. 
'BASSORiTJS. V. Bassorine. 
*BASSY-COLICA, s. m. (med.) 

BA.STANT, adj. v. sufficient. 

(yam. and old.) 
BASTE, bast, s. m. (in ombre) 
basto. • 
BASTER, V. n. v. 3, to be suffi- 
cient, enough ; to suffice. Voire 
affaire baste mal, your ailair is not 
in good case. Faire haster un 
compte, to balance an account. 
H ait cela ; haste ! he says so ; 
poh! nonsense. 

BASTE RNE, s.m .(ancient French 
chariot) basterna. 
BASTET, s.m. (mar.) foot-hook 
BASTIA, s. m. (Turkey) Bastia. 
Bastia ou La Bastie, sf. (Corsica) 
BASTIDE, s. /. country-house, 
BASTILLE, bas-tU, s./. the Bas- 

BASTILLE.E, adj. (bias.) crenelle 
BASTINGAGE, s.m. barricading 
a ship, netting. Filets de — , 
BASTINGUE, s. /. waist-cloth, 
BE BASTINGUER, t>. r. v. 3, 
(mar.) to barricade a ship, to put 
up the netting. 

BASTION, bas-tion, s. m. bastion, 

BASTIONNfe, E. adj. having 
BASTONNABLE, adj. that de- 
serves to be bastinaded. (Fam. 
and bos.) 
BASTONNADE, bis-ti-nad, «./. 
bastinade, bastinado, cudgelling, 

BASTUDE, s.f. a sort of fishing- 

BAS-VENTRE, s. m. the lower 
belly, the lower part of the belly. 
[Bas-veiUre, plur. des bas-venires.] 
BAT, ba, s. m. tail of a fish, pack- 
saddle, pannel. Un cheval de — , 
a pack-horse, a blockhead, dull, 
heavy fellow. 

BATAILLE, ba-tiZ, s. /. battle, 
fight, engagement. Corps de — , 
the main Dody. IJmer — , to 
give battle. *C'esl son cheval de 
— , it is his sheet-anchor, strong- 
hold, or fort. V. Batailler. 
Bataille, a battle-piece. Ba- 
TAli.LE, a game of cards played 
by children. 

BATAILLER, ba-ta-Za, v. n. v. 
3, lo battle, to fight, to struggle 


BATAILLON, bi-tk-lon, s. m. 
battalion, (plural,) squadrons, 
host, regiment. 
BATARD, E, bl-tar, tard, adj. 
bastard , bastardly, base-born,mis- 
begotten, illegitimate, spuriotis. 
Chien — , mongrel. Piice de 
canon — e, demi-cannon, demi- 
eulverin. Porte — e,adoorwhich 
is neither gate nor common door. 
Lettre — e, la — e, the secretary 
hand, italic. 
[Batard follows the noun.] 
Batard, e, subst. bastard, a na- 
tural child. Batard, s. m. (mar.) 
parrel-rope or truss. 
BATARDE, s.f. (mar.) the largest 
sail of a galley ; a large lateen 
sail used in fair weather. 
BATARDEAU, X, bi-tar-dft, s. 
7n. a sort of dike or dam to turn 
away the water of a river. 
sterned row-galleys. 
BATARDIERE, s.f. (hart.) batar- 
BATARDISE, bi-tar-dlz, «. /. 
bastardy, spuriousness. Droit de 
b&lardise, right of inheriting the 
effects of a bastard dying intes- 
BATATE. V. Patate. 
BATAVIA, s. m. (Java) Batavia. 
BATAVIQUE, adj.f. V. Larme. 
BATAYOLES, s". /. pi (mar.) 
stanchions of the netting or to 
support the awning. Montanis 
des — , the stanchions, Filareis 
ou lisses des ■ — , th^ rails of the 
netting. — des hunes, stanchions 
of the netting of the top. 

BAT-BEURRE, s. m. flap. 

BATfi, E( part, de B&ter; v. 3, 
saddled with a pack-saddle, pack- 
saddled ; saddle-backed, IM ane 

— a dunce, a blockhead. 
BATEAU, X, ba.-t6, s. m. boat, 

barge, bark. — « fond plat, 
prame. , — d'office, a small boat 
or yawl employed by ships of war 

for bringing provisions from shore. 

. — d vapeur, steamer, steam-boat. 

— dilesteur, ballast-boat, lighter. 
II est encore tout itourdi dii — , 
he has not as yet recovered his 
wits. — volant, car (of a balloon) 
the body or frame of a coach. 

BATELAGE, bat-laz, s. m. (little 
used) juggling, juggler's trick, 
legerdemain. Batelage, water- 
man's fare, 

BATELEMENT, s.m.battlement. 

BATELfiE, bit-U, s. /, a boat- 
load, a boatful of people. Jai 
ma — , I have got my fare. 
Batelee, crowd, pack flock. 

BATELET, bins, s. m.a little 

BATELEU-R, SE,bat-lSur,leuz, 
s.m. e(/. juggler buffoon, mounte- 
bank, merry-andrew, tumbler, 
vaulter, rope-dancer, (fam.) 

BATELIER, bat-lia, s. m. water- 
man, sculler, ferryman, boatman, 

BATER, bi-ta , V. a. v. 3, to saddle 
with a pack-saddle. 
*BAT4RALECT0RES, adj. et 
s. m. pi. (om.) a fam. of birds. 
et s. a family of birds. 
et s. m. pi. a family of birds. 
BATH, s. m. (England) Bath. 
*BATHOMETRE, s. m. an instru- 
ment to measure great depths, 
*BaTHYRHYNQUE, adj. (om.) 
BATI, £, part, de Batir; built. 
Je me sens tout mal — , I am out 
of sorts. Un homme bien — , a 
well-set, well-made, handsome 
man. 12 est ainsi — , such is his 
temper or humour. Commevous 
voilA — .' how you are bedizen'd ! 
BAtis, s. m. frame, the styles of 
pannels, frame-work. BAtis, (in 
ribbon-making), frame. 
BATIER, ba-tia, s. m, a saddler, 
maker or seller of packsaddles. 
BATIFOLER, ba-ti-f6-la,«.n.v. 
3, to play like children, to romp, 
BATIMENT, ba-ti-man, s. m. 
building, a piece of building 
pile, structure, edifice, fabric. 
Face, facade d'un — , front. Eni- 
placement d'un — , ground-plot 
of a building. — s de marine, ar- 
senals, ibunderies, etc. — s cimls, 
the buildings, warehouses, sheds, 
etc., in a royal dock-yard, 
BAtiment, ship, vessel, sail, 
BATINE, s.f. kind of saddle. 
BATIR, bi-tlr, v. a. v. 4, to build, 
to raise, to erect, to rear up, to 
found. — ' sur le devant, to grow 
bulky. Batir, (in sewing), to 

BATISSE, ba-tis, s.f. the build- 

BATISSEUR, s. m. a builder, one 
that loves building, a wretched 
builder, (fam.) 

BATISTE, ba-tist, „./. lawn, 

BATON, b4-t07i, s. m. stick, stafl) 
cudgel, cane, walking-staffi — de 
cire d'Espagne, a stick of sealing- 
wax. — de canelle, a roll of cinna- 
mon. — de commandement, the 
commander's stafl^ a truncheon, 
baton, ic roi. lui a donnd le — , 
the king has made him marshal 

of France, lll'amenacidu , 

he threatened to cane him. — i 
deux bouts, a quarter-staff— de 
vieilksse, the supiKirl or staffs of 
one's old age, II est bien assuri 
de son — , he is sure of the thing. 
Le tour du — , by-gains, by-pro- 
fits, perquisites, LagamisoneH 
sortie de la place le — blanc & la 
main, the garrison went out of 
the place without arms or bag- 
gage. £tre redtiit au — blanc, 
to be ruined, Faire faire quel- 
que chose d quelqu'un le — haul, 
to force one to do a thing. Faire 
sauler le — A quelqu'un, to make 
one do a thing in spite of him- 
self Faire unechosea — srompus 







rfibe, r6b, lord. 

mood, hflod, 






to do a thing by snatches, or by 
fits and starts. Tirer au — , avec 
^elqu'un, to strive or contend 
with one. BXton de foe, (mar.) 
jib-boom. — dejiamme, the stock 
of a pendant. — d meche, lintstock. 
— de girouette, spindle upon 
which the vane turns. — de pavil- 
ion oud'enseigne, flag-staff or en- 
sign-staff — de vodel, de guipon, 
handle of a long tar-brusn or 
pilch-mop. — de pavilion de beau- 
pri, jack-staff— rfe ga^e. stick of 
a boat-hook. Baton a^ronomimie 
OIL de Jacob, de Jleche, JacoVs 
staff, cross-staff BAton d'arpen- 
ieur, circumferentor, plain tneo- 

bATONNEE, s.f. asmuch water 
as comes out of a pUmp at each 
stroke of the brake. 
BATONNER, b4-t6-na, t>. a. v. 3, 
to cudgel, to cane, to bastinado, 
to baste, to draw lines under 
those passages which require 
particular attention, to score. 
Batonner une clause, (Jut.) to 
strike or cross out, to efface a 
clause, to expunge. 
BATONNET, s. m. cat, tip-cat. 
Jouer au — , to play at cat. 
BATONNIER, !. m. bastonier, se- 
nior advocate, staffman (of acom- 

BATONNISTE, bi-ti-nist, s. m. 
a player at quarter-staff, a cud- 
•BATRACHITE.s./. batrachites, 
batrachias, frog-atone. 
resembling the head of a frog. 
writer on the batracii. 
"BATRACHOiDES, adj. el s. m. 
pi. ticli.) a family of fishes. 
Batrachomyomachia, (a poem). 
'BATRACHOPHIDES, adj. el s. 
m. pi. {rep.) a division of ophidii. 
et s.f, pi. (hot.) a tribe of nosto- 
chineas; a family of confervoi- 
deiE ; a trihe of hydrophycfie. 
*BATRACHUS, s. m. (med.) ba- 
*BATRACIENS, s. m. (rep.) (an 
order of reptiles,) batracians. 
BATTAGE, ba-taz, s. m. (qgr.) 

BATTANT, ba-tan, s. m. bell- 
clapper. Battant-l'oeil, s. m. 
French night head-dress. Bat- 
TANT, one side or fold of a double 
door. Battant, (jnan.) batten. 
Battant de pavilion, (mar.) flut- 
tering, waving of an ensign, 
as it flies in the wind, fly of an 
ensign, Battant ou Abattant 
de comptoir, counter-flap. 
B.iTTANT, adj. at work or going. 
U a vingl miliers — s, he has 
twenty looms going. Porte — e, 
a swing-door, pulley-door, tfrov.) 
Tout — neuf (adv.) quite new, 
bran-new. Battant, girondif 
de baiire, beating. Tambour — , 
drums beating. (Mar.) vaisseau 
battaM, a ship which carries her 

guns at a proper height out of 
the water. Mcner les eimemis — 
to drive the enemy before one. 
Maier quelqu'un — , to bear or 
run one down in a dispute, to 
have a great run of luck against 
one. Mener tmelgu^un tambour 

— to confound, to nonplus one. 
Faire une chose tambour — , to 
act openly. 

BATTE, bat, s. f. rammer. — de 
cimentier, a plasterer's beater. 
— de selle, the bolsterof a saddle. 

— & beurre, churn-staff Batte, 
Harlequin's wooden sabre. 
TE, gold-beating. Batte, (in or- 
gan-building), beater. 

B ATTE-LESSIVE, s./. (orn.) 

BATTLE, s. /. the quantities of 
paper beaten at once. 

BATTE-FEU, «. m. a steel (to 
strike a light with). 

BATTELER, v. n. v. 73, to bab- 
ble, to prate unmeaningly. 

Batteler, v. n. v. 73, to neat, to 

BATTELLEMENT, s. m. house- 

BATTEMENT. bat-man, de 
main, s. m. clapping of hands. — 
de pieds, stamping of the feet. 
Ije — du casur, des arthres, the 
beating or motion of the heart, 
the ))uIsation of the arteries, pal- 
pitation, saltation. — d'ailes, flut- 
tering, Battement de gosier, 
(mus.) shake. BATTEMENT,(clock- 
making), oscillations. Batte- 
ment, (dance) battement. Bat- 
tement ou Recodvuement, a 
piece of wood or iron which co- 
vers a joint. 

BATTERAUD, s. m. a hammer 
to break stones with. 

BATTERIE, bat-ri, s.f. fighting, 
fight, battery. Batterie, bat- 
tery. Canon de — , heavy gun, 
battering-gun. Dresser une — , 
to raise, to erect a battery, (jig. 
etfam.) Dimonler la — de quel- 
qu*un, to dismount one's battery, 
to disconcert him. Batterie, 
(in guns), hammer. Batterie, 
a particular way of beating the 
drum, and playing on the guitar. 
Batterie de cuisine, kitchen 
utensils or furniture. Batterie, 
(mar.) the tier or broadside of a 
ship. Vaisseau qui a une belle — , 
a ship that carries her ports a 
proper height out of the water ; 
qui a sa — noyie, aship that car- 
ries her ports too near the surface 
of the water. Ce vaisseau a 5 
pieds 8 pouces de — , this ship 
carries her lowest gun-deck port 
5 feet 8 inches above the surface 
of the water. Batterie et demie, 
deck and a half of cannon (said 
of a frigate which carries cannon 
on her upper-deck and quarter- 
deck only). Mettre la — dehors, 
to run the guns out, .Mettre la — 
dedans, to run the guns in, Bat- 
TERiE,(in indigo-making,) second 
vat, Batterie, the sixth boiler 
(among sugar-refiners), Batte- 
rie, (in hat-making,) battery. 

BATTEUR, ba-t^ur, s. m. beater. 

— de gens, a fighter, braggado- 
cio. Hector. — d'or, a goldbeater 

— en grange, a thresher. — d'es- 
trade, a scout. Batteur depavi, 
an idle fellow who spends his 
time in rambling up and down 
the streets; rambler, vagabond, 

BATTOIR, ba-twkr, s. m, beetle, 

BATPOLOGIQUE, adj. tautolo- 

BATTOLOGIE, ba-t6.16-2l, s. /. 
tautology, needless repetition, 

BATTRE, batr, v. a. v. 40, to beat, 
to strike, to bang, to belabour, 
to pommel, to curry, to drub, to 
thwack, to thrash, to pepper. — 
du bid — en grange, to thresh. — 
du beurre, to churn milk. — une 
allie, to beat, to roll, to smooth a 
walk. — monnaie, to coin, to mint 
money. — le fusil, to strike a light. 
^-la chamade, to beat a parley. 

— I'estrade, — la campagne, to 
scour the country for intelli- 
gence. — la mesure, to beat time. 
— les cartes, to shuffle the cards. 
— le pav4, to ramble about, to 
spend one's time in running up 
and down the streets, to saunter. 
— la semelle, to travel on foot, — 
— le bois, to beat the wood for 
game, Se faire ■ — , to stand at 
bay. — Men du pays, to travel a 
great way. — aux champs, to sound 
a chace ; la diane, to beat a re- 
veille ; la marche, to give the 
signal for marching. — une ville, 
to beat, to batter down a town, 
— le fer, to fence, to be often 
fencing, to tilt, la. rivihe hat 
les murs, the river bathes the 
walls. — d plates coutures, to maul 
one, to beat one to a mummy, to 
ribroast, — la campagne, to say a 
great many things foreign to the 
subject, to wander, — le fer sur 
Venclume, to forge, — quelqu'unen 
mine, to run one down. Bat- 
TRE &. sec, to beat the fuller's 
earth out of cloth. — lespeaux, (in 
leather-gilding), to beat the skins, 
— des limes, to beat, to hammer 
books, Battre, (trictrac), to 
take up, 

Se battre, v. r. v. 40, to fight, to 
combat, to cope with, to go to 
loggerheads, to scuffle, to engage, 
Se — (i Vahordage, to grapple. 
Se — ^ qui aura quelque chose, to 
scramble, Se — en retraite, to 
maintain a running fight. L'oi- 
seau se bat, (hawking), the bird is 
struggling. Cet homme se bat d 
la^rche, that man struggles in 
vain. Se — , to strive hard. 

Battre, v. n. v. 40, to beat, tc 
pant, to throb. Le pouls lui bat, 
his pulse beats. Lecceiir, le pouls 
lui bat, he is afraid. Le soleilbat 
dplomb, the sun shoots perpen- 
dicularly, Lefer de ce chevalbat, 
the shoe of that horse is loose. — 
desmains, to clop, to applaud, — 
froid, to be cold to one, to look 
cool upon one. — en retraite, to 









4bb, ov4r, 





retreat, to retire out of any com- 

B ATTU, E, part, de Battre ; v. 40, 
beaten, beat,' spiritless. Chemin 
batlu, a beaten road. Battu, 
weather-beaten, shattered by a 
storm, disabled in battle. Are 
ha'iu de I'oiseau, to be dismayed, 
disheartened, dispirited \ to be 
amazed, at one's own misibr- 
tunes. Avoir ies oreiUes batlues 
d'une chose^ to have one's ears 
stunned with a thing, to hear 
often of it. Vous avez Ies yeux 
baltus, your eyes look black and 
BATTUE, ba-ta, «./. beating a 
wood (in order to start the game). 
BATTORE, s.f. gold-lacquering. 
Battures, (,7nar.) flats, shallows. 
B ATT US, s. m. pi. (penitents) 

BATZ, s. m. batz, a German coin. 
BAU, s. m. (mar.) beam. — de dale, 
hindmost, ailmost beam; de lof, 
foremost beam; de pont, deck- 
beam ; deplancker de c&ble, beam 
of the cable-stage. Demi — , half- 
beam. MaUre — , midship-beam, 
— de colds, collar-beam. Favjr- 
— X, orlop-beams. Demi — x, 
spurs or crow-feet of the beams. 

sort of hound for hares, foxes and 
wild boars. 

BAUD, CHIEN BAUD, s. m. a 

BAUDEMENT, adv. merrily, gal- 
lantly, joyfully, gaily. 

BAUDET, b6-dS, s. m. an ass. 
Baudet, sawyer's frame, horse, 
block or trestle. Baudet, a ham- 

BAUDIR, V. a. v. 4, to animate 
the dogs with the horn and voice. 

*BAUDISSERITE, s. f. {chim.) 
carbonated magnesia. 

BAUDOUINAGE, s. m. the coup- 
ling of asses. 

BAUDOUINER, v. n.v. 3, to en- 
gender an ass. 

BAUDRIER, bo-dria, s. m. a bal- 
drick, a shoulderbelt, belt, long 

■'BAUDROIE, s./. rana piscatrix, 
lophius, sea-devil, frog-fish. 

BAUDRUCHE, bS-drfish, s. m. 

BAUGE, hbz, s. /. the soil or lair 
of a wild boar. Bauge, a kind 
of mortar made of clay aqd. straw. 
Mursde — , mud walls. Abavge, 
adv. plentifully. 

*BAUHINE, s. /. bauhine, a tree 
of the Indies. 

BAUME, b6m, s. m. balm, bal- 
sam. '*BAUME,,balm, balm-mint, 
(F^. et fam.) Je n'ai pas de 
foi dans son — , I have no faith 
in his fine stories, Baume de 


DE Savanne OU DE Para; basil. 
De Calaba, tacamahaca ; du Ca- 
nada, Canada balsam ; d'&gyple, 
du Cairc, de Jadde, balm of Gi- 
lead ; du Brizil ou de Copahu, 

balsam of Capivi or Capaiba, ou 

huile d'ambre, liquid ambarura. 
*B A U M I E R, s. m. tacamahaca 

*BAU(iUE,s./. alga, grass-wreck. 
BAUQUIERE, s.f. (mar.) clamp, 

inner planks on which the beams 

of a ship rest upon her sides. 
BAUQUIN, «. m. (glass-making), 

the uppet end of the blowing iron 

or ponteglio. 
BAUSK, s. m. Bausk, Dautko. 
B A U X, b&, (pi. of bail), leases. 


BAVARD, E, ba-vir, vard, adj. 
et snbst. babbler, blab, an idle 
prattler, a prating silly man or 
woman; bouncer, talker, gab- 
bler; talkative, (fam.) V. Ba- 


BAVARDAGE, s. m. pertness, fu- 
tility, gabble, babbling, (Jajn.) 
BAVARDER, bi-var-da, v.n. v. 
3, to babble, to be an idle prat- 
tler of- blab, to gabble, to jabber, 
to boast, to talk idly. 
BAVARDEME, ba-vard-ri, s.f. 
babbling, idle, silly prating.boast- 
ing, cracking, bouncing. 
B A V A R D I S E, s.f. babbling, 
prating, (fam.) 
BAVAROISE, ba-va-rwElz, s.f 
capillaire and water. 
BAVASSER, V. n. v. 3, to babble, 
to prate unmeaningly. 
*BATITURES, s. /. ^. scales of 
oxide of iron. 

■►BAUERACEES, adj. el s. /. pi 
(bot.) a family of plants. 

*BAUERfiES, adj. et s.f. pi. (bot.) 
a tribe of saxifragas, 

*BAUHIN, (vJvule de) (anal.) 
valve of the ileum. 

BAVE, bav, s. /. drivel, slabber- 
ing, slaver, foam, slime. 

BAVER, ba-va, v. n.v.3, to drivel, 
to foam, to slabber, to slaver, to 
be fluxed. 11 a sui et bavi, he 
has been salivated. 

BAVETTE, ba-vSt,s./. bib, slab, 
bering-bib. A la — , dis la — , in 
one's infancy, from being an in- 
fant. Tablier & — , bib and apron. 
TaiUer dea — s, to gossip. 

BAVEU-X, SE, ba-v6u, v^uz, 
adj. suist. one that slabbers, a 
slabber-chops. Omelette — se, an 
omelet nicely dressed. CliairS' — . 
ses. proud-flesh. 
[Baveux follows the noun.] 

*Baveuse, s. /. (ich.) bacosa raia. 

BAVIERE, s. /. Bavaria. 

BAVOCHE, E,adj. (in engraving 
and printing) not clean, full of 
monks or blots. 

BAVOCHURE,s./. the being full 
of monies or blots. 

BAVOIS, s. m. table of rates. 

BA VOLET, ba-v6-ld, s.m. head- 
gear, lass, country lass, milkmaid. 

BAVURE, s. /. (m moulding) su- 
perfluity, beard. Bavures (on 
pipes) blisters. 

BAXANA, s.f. baxana, an Indian 

BAYADE, s. /. spring barley. 

BAYADilRE, bay-a-dJr, s. /. 

Bayadere, a dancing gtrl m the 
East Indies. 

BAYART, s. m. a kind of hand- 

BAYE. V". Baie. 

BAYER, ba-ya, v. n v. 80, 
(formerly bder) to gape, to hank- 
er after. — aux corneiUes, Ui stand 
gaping^ in the air. 

BAYEhou BAiESi^'un vaisseau, s. 
f. pi. partners. 

BAYETTE, s.f. (kind of flannel) 

BAYEU-R, SE, ba-yfeur, y«uz, «. 
a gaper. 

BAYEUX, s. m. V. BaIeux. 

BAYONNE, (France), Bayonne. 

BAZAC, s. m. (cotton from Jeru- 
salem) baza, bazat. 

BAZAN, s. in. bazan, a wild goat 

B.4lZAR, s. m. bazar or baztiar. 

BAZAS, s. m. (France) Bazas. 

BAZAT, s. m. (cotton of Leyden) 

BAZIN, ba-zin, s. m. dimity. 


adj. et s. m, pi. a fem. of reptilia. 
*BDELLAIRES, adj. et s. m. pV 
(annel.) a family of entomozoa. 
(annel.) a family of hirudineas. 
»BDELL0JVIETRE, s. m. (chir.) 
an instrument used as a substi- 
tute for the leech. 
*EDKLJAVM, s. m. (a gum resin) 
BE,^art. int. baa (the bleating of 
BEANT, E, ba-an, ant, adj. (ge- 
rund of the old verb bder) very 
large, wide open, gaping. Gveule 
— e, a greedy gut, one of a vora- 
cious appetite. 
BEARFISCH, s. m. (marine in- 
Ejct) berfish. 

BSARN, s. m. (France) Beam. 
Bdarnais, of or belonging to the 
province of Beam. 
BfiAT, E, ba-a, at, s. m. et f. a 
pioils, sanctified-looking man or 
woman, saint, bigot, hypocrite. 
Beat (in pliy) a slander by at 
play, one that is out of the scrape, 
BfiATIFICATION, ba-i-ti-fi. 
ka-slon, s.f. beatification. 
BE ATIFIER, n a. v. 3, to beatify, to 
declare blessed. 
BfiATIFIQUE, ba-a-ti-fik, adj. 
beatific, beatifical, blissful. 
BEATILLES, bEi-i-ti/, s. f. pi. 
titbits, dainty bits. Tourte de — », 
giblet-pie. Beatilles, gewgaws, 
kickshaws made by nuns. 
BEATITUDE, ba-a-ti-tCld, s. /. 
«>g.beatitude, blessedness, bliss. 


BEAU, Belle, b&, b§l, adj. (Bel 
occurs only bpfore nouns in the 
singular beginning with a vowel 
or silent h ; the following proper 
names are exceptions: Philippe 
le Bel, Charles le Bel.) Beau, 
beautiful. Beau, fine. Un belle 
femme, a fine woman. Beau, 
fine. Un beau temps, fine wea- 
ther. Un beau, une helle, one 
fine. U s'en aUa un beau matin. 







r6be, r6b, lord 






bit, bruK. 

hfi went away one fine morning. 
Beau, fine. Beau ginie, fine 
genius. Beau, ifam.) fine. Une 
beUe dame, a fine lady. Beau, 
fine. Un beau port, a fine carri- 
age. Beau, fine. 11 fait beau 
voir, etc. it is a fine sight to see, 
etc. (V. Fine.) Beau, smart, 
spruce. Se faire beau, to make 
one's self smart, spruce, to spruce 
one's self up. Beau, handsome. 
Un hel homme, a handsome man. 
( V. Handsome.) Beau, fair. Un 
Beau teint, a fiiir complexion. Le 
beau sexe, the fair sex, the fair. 
(K Fair.) Beau, fair. Beau 
temps, fair weather. Beau, fair. 
J^tre en belle passe, to be in a fair 
way. Avoir beau jeu, to have 
feir play, to have good cards, a 
good hand. Donner beau, (at ten- 
nis) to give a fair ball. Donner 
beau, to give one a fair opportu- 
nity (of speaking or doing any 
thing). Donner beau a ses enne- 
mis, to aflbrd one's enemies the 
means or an opportunity o{ hurt- 
ing us. L'avoir beau,Tavoir belle, 
to have a fair opportunity. Pren- 
dre sa belle, to seize the opportu- 
nity. Beau, luoky. Faire un 
beau coup, to make a lucky hit. 
Beau, glorious. Une belle mart, 
a glorious, an honourable death. 
Beau, lofty, noble. Un beau no- 
turel, a lofty, a noble disposition. 
Beau, noble. Un beau devoue- 
ment, noble devotedness. Beau, 
seemly, becoming. Cela West 
pas beau ^ un jeune homme, that 
IS not seemly in a young man. 
Avoir le bel air, etre du bet air, 
to have a noble way in one's be- 
haviour and actions. Faire une 
belle dipense. to spend high, to 
live great. Xes gens du hel air, 
the people of high life. Avoir 
les armes beUes (the phrase is old) 
to fence well. 11 est bel homme 
de cheval, he is a handsome 
rider, he rides with a grace. R 
a eu belle ou gramV peur, he was 
terribly frightened. Faire le beau 
jils, to set up for a beau. Ce che- 
val porte beau, that horse carries 
his head handsomely. 11 Va 
(chappi belle, he has had a nar- 
row escape. 11 va vous enconter 
de belles, he'll tell you a fine heap 
of stories. Voil^ ou c^est un beau 
venez-y voir, a fine thing, a very 

Sretty thing indeed (sneeringly). 
lEAU, great. Un beau mangeur, 
a great eater. Beau, fine, hand- 
some, pretty (ironically). H lui 
arracha Voreille & belles dents, he 
bit his ear off cleverly. // s'est 
fait beau gargon, he was in a 
pretty condition (fuddled.) Un 
beau coquin, a rascal. 

Beau, adv. avoir beau. Vous avez 
beau dire, say what you will. 11 
a— faire, let him do what he can 
or what he will, let nim do his 
worst. Vous avez—dire etr— faire, 
for all you can say and do, what- 
soever you can say or do. J'avais 
— demander pardon, it was in 
vain for ifue to ask pardon. 

Beau, belle, sub. beauty, beauti- 
ful, fair, fairest, the beauty or 
sublimity of a thought. Aire le 
— , to set up for a beau. Ma belle, 
sweetheart, my dear. 
\Beau when alone precedes the 
noun: un beau bMiment; follows 
the noun when accompanied by 
another adjective : une maison 
belle et commode. See Adjeotif.] 
BIEN ET Beau, adv. quite, entirely. 

V. Bien. 
CE PLUS Belle, adv. afresh, anew. 
TOUT Beau, part. int. softly, fair 
and soflly, not so fast, hold, there. 
Tout — (to a dog in hunting) soho ! 
BEAUCAIRE, s. m. Beaucaire. 
BEAUCE, s.f. (France) Beauce. 
BEAUCOUP, b5-k6o, ado. larger 
or smaller quantity ; (is separated 
from the sub. or part, it governs 
by the prep, de), much (before a 
noun sing.) many (before a noun 
pi.) .4Doir — d'argent, to have 
much money. Avoir— -d'enfants, 
to have many children. — a great 
deal of, {fam.) 11 a — d'esprit, he 
has a great deal of wit. Beau- 
couF (is used absolutely when 
what is suppressed can be easily 
supplied) much, a great deal, ll 
a^ftrdii--^, he has lost much. A 
— pris (always negatively) near, 
nearly. lln'estpas,a — pres,aussi 
riche qu'un tel, he is not near, not 
nearly so rich as so and so. Beau- 
coup, deeply, greatly, considera- 
bly, vastly. U s'intiresse — ■ he 
is deeply, greatly interested. 
Beaucoup (is used before adjec- 
tives and adverbs in the compa- 
rative only) much, far. II s'est — 
miewc conduit que vous, he has 
behaved much nctter, far better 
than you. Plus savant que lui 
de — , more learned than he by a 
great deal, by far. Vous ites — 
— plus savant, ou de — plus savant 
que lui, you are much more learn- 
ed, (is also used with certain 
verbs inferring comparison,) far. 
Vous le surpassez de — , you are 
far beyond him. II s'en faut de 
— , is or are fiir from. A — mains, 
for much less. 
[Beaucoup followed by a noun 
plva. requires a verb in the plur. 
beaucoup de gens penseni ; fbllow- 
ed by a noun sing, requires a verb 
in the sing. : beaucoup de monde se 
BEAU-FILS, s. m. son-in-law. 

\Beau-fils, plur. des beaux-fls.] 
BEAU-FRERE, s. m. brother-in- 
[Beau-frere, plur. des beaux- 

BEAUJOLOIS, s. m. Beaujolois. 
BEAUMARIS, s. m. Beaumaris. 
BEAUMARQUET, s.m. nameof 
an African sparrow. 
BEAUNE, s. /. (France) Beaune. 
BEAU-PARtIR, s.m. (mora.) start, 
starting. , 1 

BEAU-PERE, s. m. father-in-law, 
[Beau-pire, plur. des beaux- 

BEAUPRE, b6-pra, a. m. (mar.) 
bolt-sprit, bow-sprit. Petit — , jib- 

boom. Voile de — , sprit-sail. — 

sur poupe ! close behind. 
BEAU-SEMBLANT, s. m. pre 

tence, feint. 

BEAUT£, b6-ta , s f beauty, fine- 
ness, handsomeness, comeliness, 
pretliness, loveliness, neatness. 
— grecque ou romaine, Greeli or 
Roman beauty or face. — dujour 
du del, clearness of the sky. — 
despensecs, sublimity of thoughts. 
BeautIss, {auplur.y^de Vhistoire, 
the beauties of history. 

BEAUVAIS, s. m. Beauvais. 

B£BI, s.f. cotton cloth of Aleppo. 

BEC, bSk, s. m. beak, bill, neb, 
nib, rostrum, nose or snout, the 
spout. — de lampe, the socket of a 
lamp. — de gaz, gas-burner, point 
of land. Le — delapiled'unponf, 
the angle of the starlings of a 
bridge. — de lihire, a harelip. 
Coup de — , pecking. Coup de 
— , a wipe, a taunt, Donner un 
coup de — , to give one a dry wipe. 
Tour de^, a kiss, a buss. — amou 
reux, amorous lips. Causer— a—-, 
to have a private chat. Ai;otr 
bon — , avoir le — bien affile, to have 
one's tongue oiled or well hung. 
Elle n'a que le — , she is all tongue, 
she does nothing but prate. Faire 
le — ct quelqu'un, to give one his 
cue. Beg (Z'wne aricre (mar.), bill 
of an author. Beo, beak, prow. 
Beo dechien (instrument for cut- 
ting glass). V. MosAfauE. Bec 
d' instrument, beak. 

*BEC A CUILLfiRE, s. /. fora., 
cochlearius, tamatia, spoonbill. 

*B£CARD, s. m. the female sal- 

BECARRE,bJ-kar, (m«s.) sharp. 

*BEC A SPATULE, s. m. (.orn.) 
platea, leucprodius. 

BECASSE, ba-kas, s. /. wood- 
cock. Brider la — ■., Jo cozen one, 
to catch a bubble. . (Fig. et pop.) 
C'est une — , she is a goose. B6- 
casse (mar.) a large Spanish boat. 

BECASSEAU, s. m. a young 
woodcock, sort of snipe, tringa, 
dunlin, sand-piper. 

BfiCASSINE, bd-ka-sin, s. f. a 
snipe. Tirer&la — , to disguise 
one's skill, in order to take one in. 

BECCABUNGA, s. m. becca-bun- 
ga, anagallis, water-pimpernel, 

BEC-CORNU, s.m. a hornified or 
cornuted puppy. 





*BEC-CROCHU, s. m. (om.) hook- 

*EEC-CROISE, s. m, (orn.) cross- 
bill, loxia. 
*BEC-C0URB£, s. m. V. Avo- 


BEC-DE-CORBIN, b4k-d^-kar- 
bin, s. f. a sort of baltle-axe. 
Gentilhomme d — , a gentleman 
pensioner. Les becs-de-corbin, the 
gentlemen pensioners. Canne a 
bee-de-corhin, a bill-headed cane. 
Bec-de-corbin, a cbirurgical in- 
strument, nippers. Bec-de-cor- 
bin, runner. Bec-de-corbin 
(mar.) raye-hook, ripping-iron. 
[Bec-de-corbin, plur. des becs-de- 



b&r, bat, bSae, antique: thire, 4bb, ov&, j^une, mSute, bfurre, liin: 

corStn : the preposition de throws 
the sign of the plural on the first.] 
*BEC-DE-GRUE, s. f. (plant,) 

crane's-bill, stork-bill, geranium. 
*BEC-D'OIE, s. m. name given to 

the dolphin. 
*BEC-EN-CISEAU, ». m. {om.) 

•BEC-FIGUE, b*c-ng, s.m. {om.) 

beccafico, fig-pecker. 
*BECHARU, s. m. (.on.) pheni- 

copterus, flamingo. 
BfiCHE, b4sh, s. /. spade. 
BACKER, b4-sha, v. a. v. 3, to 

dig, to break the ground with a 

*BfiCHIQUE, ba-shik, adj. s. 

(.Tried.) bechic, pectoral. 
BEG JAUNE, ba-«6n. V. Be- 


*BECMARE, s. m. curculio, wee- 

*BfeCONGUILLE, s. /. ipecacu- 

BECQUE, adj. {hi.) beaked. 

BECQUfiE, bi-U, s. f. a bill- 
full. Donner la — ^ un oiseau^ to 
feed a bird. 

DE, 5. m. colibri, humming-bird. 

BECQUETER, bfk-td, v. a. v. 
76, to peck. 

Se Becqueter, v. r. v. 76, to peck 
one another ; to beak ; to bill. 

♦BEC-TRANCHANT, s. m. (.om.) 
alka, awk, razor-bill. 

*BECUNE, s. m. a large sea-pike. 

BEDAINE, bS-d4n, s.f. paunch, 

BEDATS, s. m. pi prohibited 
warrens and woods. 

*BEDAUBE, s. f. (caterpillar,) 

BEDEAU, X, b4-d6, s. m. beadle, 
verger, mace-bearer, apparitor. 

GLANTIER, s. m. bede-guaid. 

BEDER, s. m. (Asia,) Bartor. 

BEDFORD, s. m. Bedford. 

BEDFORDSfflRE, s. m. Bedford- 

BEDON, s. m. tabret, drum, bar- 
rel-belly. Vn STOS iedon, a fat, 
thick man. (Not used.) 

BfiDOUIN, b4-dwin, s. m. Be- 
douin ; adj. les Ardbes bidouijis^ 
the Bedouin Arabs. 

BEE. Y. Baie. 

Bee, gueule bee, adj. Des l.on- 
•neaax, des fuiaiUes a guevXc Me, 
vessels with one end knocked 
out or staved. 

*BEENEL, s. m. (shrub of Mala- 
bar,) beenel. 

B£eR. v. Bayer. 

BE-FA-SI, s m. (mus.) Get air est 
en hi-fa-si, this tune is in B. 

BEFFROI, bi-fwra, «. m. belfry, 
Watch-tower, steeple, the alarm- 

B^FLER, V. a. v. 77, to baffle, to 
mock, to play the fool with, to 
lead by the nose, to make a fool 
of, to laugh at, to banter. (Obs.) 

B£GAIEMENT, bi-^d-man, s. 
m. stammering, lisping, faltering, 

BEGAYER, ba-^d-ya, v. n. v. 80, 
to stammer, to lisp, to falter. 

Begayer, v. a. V. 80. JR n^ a fait 
que Mgayer $a Jiaravgue, he 
stammered out his speech. V. 

BEGU, E, adj. a horse that never 

BEGUE, b«g, adj. et s. stam- 

BEGUEULE, hS.-g^\3\, s. f. a 
prudish, haughty woman ; scold, 
proud minx. 

BfeGUEULERIE, bi-g&a\-r\, s. 
f. prudery, affected austerity. 

♦BEG-MOUCHES, s. /. pi. (ent) 
a family of diptera. 

*BECQUILLON, «. m. {om.) the 
beak of young birds of prey. 

*BEDfiGUAR, BEDfeGAR, s.m. 
{hot.) gall found in the wild rose. 

*BEGONIACEES, adj. et ». /. 
pi. {lot.) a family of plants. 

BEGUIN, ba-^in, s. m. biggin, a 
child's linen cap. 

BfiGUINAGE, hi-gi-nkz, s. m. 
beguin's house, beguinage ; af- 
fected devotion. 

BEGUINE, ba-^in, s.f. beguin ; 
{fam.) beguin, a devout maid, an 
affectedly devout woman. 

BEGUM, s. /. (princess of Indos- 
tan,) begum. 

*BEHEMOTH, s. m. hippopota- 

*BEHEN, s. m. behen, (a root) 

SAR, s. m. (asclepias,) beidel- 

BEIGE, s. /. rug-coating, bear- 
skin, baize. 

BEIGNET, hi-gah, s. m. fritter. 

BEIRA, s. m. (Portugal,) Beira. 

BEJA, s. m. (Portugal,) Beja. 

BEJAUNE, bi-zin, contraction 
de Becjaune, s m. nias, a nias- 
hawk i (jfg-.) ninny ; blunder, sil- 
liness, mistake. 

BEL, adj. m. V. Beau. 

BELANDRE, bd-landr. s.f. bi- 
lander (a vessel of about 80 tons.) 

BfiLAOT, E, adj. v. bleating. 
Sosuf saignant et rhouton — , roast 
beef must be rare and roast mut- 
ton underdone. 

BfiLEMENT, b41-man, s. m. the 
bleating of sheep. 

*Bi:LEMNrrE, bS-l«m-nit, s.f. 
belemnites, thunder-bolt. 

*BELEMNITIQUE, adj. (fossil,) 
relating to belemnites. 

*B£LEMNIT0L0GIE, s. /. na- 
tural history of belemnites. 

*BELfiNOIDE, adj. {anat.) arrow- 

BfiLER. bfe-U, V. n. v. 3, to bleat. 

*BELETTE, bS-l«t, s. /. weasel. 

BELFAST, s. m. Belfast. 

BELGE, s. m. et f. Belgian. 

BELGIQUE, sj. Belgium. 

BELGRADE, CTurkey,) Belgrade. 

BELIC ou BELIF, s. m. {il.) gules. 

♦BELIDES, adj. et s. m. pi. {ent.) 
a family of curculionides. 

BELIER, ba-li-A, ». m. ram. B*- 

LIER, battering-ram. B^lieb 
(zodiac,) Aries, the Ram. 
BELIERE, ba-lifer, ./. clapper- 

■►BELIERS, s. m. pi. {mot.) a tribe 

BELITRAILLE, ba-Ut-rii, s.f. 
a set of blackguards, 
BE LITRE, s. m. rascal, scoun- 
drel, ragamufBn, scrub, varlet. 
BELITRERIE, s. f. roguishness, 
blackguard trick or action. (Obs.) 
s. f. (plant,) bella-donna, great 

BELLATRE, s. m. beauish. 
BELLE, s.f. a handsome woman, 
a belle, a beauty; mistress, 
Belle, ad;'. V. Bead. 
Belle on embelle, s. m. {vmr^ 
maindeck or waist. 
*BELLE-DAME, s.f. (hot.) name 
applied to various plants; {ent.) 
papilla Vanessa. 
*BELLE-DE.JOUR, s.f. hemero- 
callis, yellow day-lily, St. Bru- 
no's lily. 

(plant,) mirabilis, marvel of Peru. 
[Bel^-dejour, beUe-de-nuit, phir. 
des belles-dejouT, etc.] 
*BELLE-D'UN-JOUR, s./. {bet.) 
hemerocallis, yellow day-lily. 
BELLE-FILLE, s.f. daughter-in- 

BELLE-GARDE, Bellegarde. 
BELLE-ISLE, Belleisle. 
BELLEMENT, adv. soffly, feir 
and soflly, {fam., little used.) 
BELLE-MERE, s. f. mother-in- 

BELLES-LEITRES, «./. pi. po- 
lite literature, belles-lettrea 
BELLE-SOEUR, s.f. sister-in-law. 
[Belle-fiUe, beUe-mire, belle-sceur, 
plur. beUes-filles, etc.] 
•BELLIDfiES, adj. el {hot.) 
a Section of synantheias. 
BELLIGERANT, E, b4I-ll-zd- 
ran, rant, ac^. belligerent, at 
war, engaged in war. 
[BdUgirant follows the noun.l 
BELLIQUEU-X, SE, b^l-li-A4u, 
i^uz, adj. warlike, martial, va- 
[BeUiquettx : beUiqueua: prince is 
not saia; belliqueuse ardeur may 
be said. See Adjectif.] 
BE LLISSIME.oif;. extremely 
fine, very fine, superfine, {fam., 
little used.) 

BELLOT, TE, adj. pretty. Cet 
enfant est bellot, that's a pretty 
child. (Sometimes sub.) Mon 
petit beUot, my pretty little dar- 
ling, {fam.) 


name applied to edible aeoms. 


{ich.) huso, belluga. 
■►BELLUjE, {mam.) an or- 
der of raammilenB. 
•BfiLOGLOSSES, adj. et s. 
(orre.) a family of scansores. 
BEU)USE,Bklouser. K Blouse. 


field, fig, vin : rfibe, r6b, 16rd, mdod, hfiod, voa, mon • bise, b&t, brun. 


the Lesser and the Great Belt. 

•BELUGO, s. m. (ich.) milvago. 

BELUTTA, s. m. (tree of Mala- 
bar,) belutta, isjampacam, belut- 
ta amelpodi. 

BELVEDER, bSl-va-dfer, 5. m. 
turret, terrace, belvidere. 

VOIR, «./. (plant,) belvidere. 


adj. el s.f. pi. {bot.) a family of 
plants, (Napoleoneae.) 

»BELZEBUT, s. m. (a monkey,) 

•BEMBECIDES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(ent.) a tribe of hymenoptera. 

BEMOL, ba-m51, «. m. {mus.) 
flat; also adj. un si, un mi Mmol, 
a B, an E flat. 

•BEN OM B£HEN, s. m. (a tree,) 
ben, behen. Ncnx de — , bennut, 
ben roots, oily nut or acorn. — de 
Judie, benjamin. — gTand^ Mexi- 
can purging nuts. — racine, blaTic 
et rouge, white and red ben roots. 

BENARDE, s./. nm-lonk. 

*B£NARI, «. m. (ortolan,) ber- 

BENATES, s. m. pi (in salt 
works,) barrows. 

JARMASSEN, «. m. (Borneo,) 

BENDER ou TEKIN, s.m. (Tur- 
key,) Bender. 

B^NEDICITE, bd-na-dl-si-ta, 
«. m. grace. Dire le — , to say 
[Binididti, plur. des hinidicitis.'] 

•BfeNEDICT, s. m. (.pharm.) a 
benedict electuary. 

TINE, ». /. a Benedictine friar 
or nun. 

sion, s.f. consecration. Bene- 
diction, benediction, blessing; 
benison ; favour, grace. Pays ae 
— , house of plenty. 

nedictionalis liber. 

BENEFICE, ba-na-fis, s. m. be- 
nefice, parsonage, living, eccle- 
siastical or church preferment. 
— & charge d'ames, a living with 
cure of souls. Vn — simple, a sine- 
cure. Defondation roi/ale, royal 
advowson. Collection d'rni — , ad- 
vowson. Poursuiwe, courir un 
— , to sue, to solicit a living. 
DispiUer un — , to contend for a 
living. Taxer un — , to assess a 
living. Remplir un—, to hold a 
living. N^av&ir ni office ni — , to 
be out of employment, to be a 
gentleman. Benefice, benefit, 
advantage, profit. ' Attendre le — 
du temps, to wait for an oppor- 
tunity. Representation d hini- 
fee, (t. of the theatre,) a benefit, 
a benefit night. V. Gain. Bene- 
fice ijur.) privilege, benefit. Par 
— du prince, by letters-patent, 
s royal-patent. — de cession, an 
act of bankruptcy.— iftnuentoire. 

a privilege to inherit without 
being bound to pay the deceas- 
ed's debts. Crotre en Dieu par 
— d'inbentaire, to make religion 
subservient to one's interest. 
♦Benefice de nature (med.) na- 
ture's physic, a natural but mo- 
derate looseness. 
BfeNl&FICENCE, $. f. benefi- 
cence, bounty, favour. (Obs.) 
BENEFICIAIRE, ba-ni-fi-si^r, 
adj, Hdritier — , an heir no far- 
ther charged than to the value 
of inventory. BSnEficiaiiie, be- 
neficiary, player to whom a be- 
nefit is given. 

BENEFICIALE, ba-na-fi-slal, 
(ni?./. beneficiary. Savantdevant 
les Tnatiires — s, learned in bene- 
ficiary matters. 

[Binificiale follows the noun; 
has no masculine plur.] 
BfiNfeFICIER, ba-na-fl-sla, s. 
m. a beneficed clergyman, pos- 
sessed of a living or church-pre- 
ferment, an incumbent. 
BENEFICIER,!). a. v. 3, to procure 
metal from its ore, with more or 
less facility. Cet or est diJi£Ue 
d — , this gold mine is not easily 
BENEFidiER, v. It. to get, to profit 
(by a trade.) 

BENfiT, bS-nS, adj. silly, simple. 
Sub. a simpleton, a booby, fool, 
ninny, wiseacre, ninny-hammer, 
noodle, nincompoop. 
BENEVOLE, ba-na-vSl, adj. 
(lisBd only in jest, and vi^ith the 
words lecleur, audiieur,) gentle, 
kind, kindly. 
[Bindvole follows the noun iii 

BENftVOLEMENT, adv. out of 

BENGALE, s. m. Bengal. 
BENGALI, s.m. Bengalee. [Adj.) 
la grammaire hengalie, Bengalee 

''BENGALI, s. m. (om.) bengalee. 
BENGUELA, s. m. Benguela. 
BENI, E, part, de Binir, v. 4, 
blessed, praised. V, Bisn. 
adv. benignly, kindly, graciously. 
[Bdnignement generally follows 
the verb.] 

BENIGNITfi, b5-nl.gnl-ti, s.f. 
benignness, benignity, gracious- 
ness, kindness. 

B6NI-N, GNE, ba-nin, nign, 
adj. benign, kind, gentle, good- 
natnred, placid, humane. Be- 
nin, favourable, wholesome. 
*Benin, (med.) benign, gentle. 
[Bdnin may precede the noun 
when harmony and analogy ad- 
mit : cette binigne influence. See 

BENIN, s. m. (Africa,) Benin. 
BfiNIR, ba-nlr, v. a. v. 4, to bless, 
to give solemn thanks, to praise ; 
to wish well. Benir, to hal- 
low, to consecrate; to prosper. 
B^NIR la table, to say grace be- 
fore dinner or supper. 

BENIT, E, parU de Binir, v. 4, 
(taken in its second signification,) 
hallowed. Du pain binil, hal- 
lovfed, consecrated bread. De 
I'eau binite, holy water. Fmu 
benite de cour, fine promises, fait 
empty words. 

BENITIER, ba-nl-ti i , s. m. holy 
water-vase, vessel or basin ; 
"(large shell;) basin-concha. 

BENJAMIN, s. m. darling. 

■►BENJOIN, s. m. benjamin, ben- 
zoin, lazer-wort, assa dulcis. V. 

BENOIT, E, adj. sanctified, god- 
ly, blessed, holy. (Not used.) 

CIZE, s.f. herb-bennet. 

BENOiTEMENT, adv. with a 
sanctified look. (Not used.) 

''BENZOiQUE, adj. m. (,chim.) 
benzoic (acid.) 

5. m. {mam.) tapir, tapijereto, 

*B6P0LE ou NIMPO, ». m. azo- 
darach, bead-tree. 

B^QUILLARD, s. m. a person 
that uses crutches. 

BEQUILLE, ba-AiZ, s.f. crutch, 
crutch-stick ; also an instniment 
of husbandry, spud, trowel. 

BEQDILLER, v. n. v. 3, to walk 
with crutches. 

BsauiLLER, v.a. V. 3, to dig weeds 
up with a spud or trowel. 

'*BEQUILLON, s. m. [lot.) a little 
leaf ending in a point. 

BER, bfir, s. m. [fnar^ an erection 
for launching ships; the plank 
along which the ship glides into 
the water, cradle. 

♦BERBERIS, s. m. (an Indian 
shrub which produces gum-lac,) 
berberis, barberry. 

BERBICE (LA,) s.f. Berbice. 

*BERCAIL, bSr-kii, «. m. sing, 
(fig.) sheepfold ; pale of the 
{Bercail has no plural.] 

''BERCE, s. / cow-parsnip. 

'"Berce, s. ire. robin-redbreast. 

BERCEAU, X, b4r-s&, s. m. cra- 
dle ; birth. Dis le — , from the 
cradle, from a child, fVom one's 
infancy. Beroeau, (in printing,) 
carriage (of a press.) Berceau 
ou Ber, [mar.) cradle. V. Bigot. 
Berceau, arbour, bower, trellis- 
bower. JJerceau, [arch.) semi- 
circular vault. — d'eau, a bower 
formed by water-spouts. 

*BENITIERS, s. m. pi [mol) a 
family of acephala conchifera. 

■►BENZOATE, s. m. [chim.) be" 

*BERBERID6ES, adj. el s.f. pi 
[bot.) a family of plants. 

■►BERBfiRINE, ». /. [cUm.) ber- 

BERCELLE, s.f. (in enamelling) 
pincers, Y. Bru.\elles. 

BERCER, bSr-sa, v. a. v. 78, to 
rock, to lull asleep ; [jig.) to lull, 
to amuse, to feed with hope ; to 
flatter. Xai iti berci de cela, 
I have heard it over and over. 



bar, bat, base, antique: 

thfere, 4bb, ov^r, jeune, m^ute, b^urre, li^n; 

is diable le berce, he is always 
tormented and uneasy. . 
BJiRCEUSii, s.f. a tucker. 
BERCHE, s. f. (jnar.) falconet. 

K BAacE. 
*B£r6NICIDF.S, adj. et a. m.-pl. 
i^QO^ a family of acaleph^. 
BERGAME, bJr-gim, s.f. coarse 

BERGAMOTE, btega-ra6t, s.f. 
(a pear) bergamot. Bergamote, 
a little box lor sweetmeats. 
*BERGAM0TIER, s. /. (6p(.) a 
kind of orange. 
BERGE, 5. f. a high or steep 
beach or bank of a river, bold 
shore, an artificial mound or 
rampart. Berge, barge, (a boat), 
BERGEN, s. m. (Norway) Bergen. 
BERGER, b^r-za, s. m. shepherd, 
pastor. Berger, i^fig.) swain, 
lover. Llieure du — , the happy 
or critical minute. 
BERGERE, hkr-zhi, s.f. shep- 
^leirdessj (/<>.) nymph, lass. Ber- 
Gl^RE, couch, settee. 
NETTE, s.f. little shepherdess, 
a country lass; 

BERGERETTE, s. f. a kind of 
wine with honey, bergerette. ' 

BERGERIE, bSrz-rl, s.f sheep- 
fold, pen. Bergeries, pi. pasto- 

n6t, s.f. (,01-n.) wag-tail. 

BERGION, s.'m. (.myth.) Berg'ion. 

BJLRG-OP-ZOOM, s. m. Bergen- 

hedge-sparrow, wren. 

*B6RIL, a. m. beryl, aqua ma- 
rina— d'or, chryso-beryl. 

BERKSHIRE, Berkshire, Berks. 

BERLAN, V. Brelan. 

*BERLE, s. /. smallage, apium 
palustre, salad-parsley, water- 

BERLIN, s. m. (Prussia) Berlin. 

BERLINE, b§r-lin, s.f. (a coach) 

BERLINGOT, s. m. chariot re- 
sembling a berlin. 

a harebrained fellow. 

BERLUE, BRELUE, bSr-lft, s.f. 
(used only with the v. avoir) 
dimness of sight, dazzling. Avoir 
la terlue, to be dimsighted or 
dazzled, to see double. 

BERME, s.f. (fort.) a berme. 

BERMUDES (les), s.f pi. Ber- 

•BERMUDIENNE, s.f. (plant) 
Bermudiana, sisyrinchium. 

BERNABLE, adj. one who de- 
serves to be laughed at, (/om.) 

' s.f. (n. h.) V. Barnacle. 

•BERNARD l'ermite ou le sol- 
dat, s. m. (crust.) cancellus, sol- 
dier crab. 

BERNARDIN, E, s. m. etj. ber- 
nardin, bernardile (monk or nun). 

BERNE, s.f. Beunement, b4rn, 
bJrn-man, s. m. tossing in a blan- 
ket ; banter, (fam.) 

BERNE, s.m. (Switzerland)Berne. 

EN Berne, adv. (jnar.) a waft. 
Mettre le paviUmi en heme, to 
hpist an ensign with a waft, to 
set up the flag. 
BERNER, b4r-n^ , v. a. v. 3, to toss 
in a blanket. Berner, to ridi- 
cule, to make a fool of, to de- 
ride, to contemn, to laugh at. 
BERNEUR, bJr-n^ur, s.m. tosser, 

BERNIESQUE, adj. a kind of 
burlesque style. 

BERNIQUE, (a kind of adverb, 
expressing that hope will be dis- 
appointed): this word is render- 
ed in English by various locu- 
tions according to the nature of 
the jihrase. Vous cimptez^aur lui, 
berrwjue! you are depending 
upon hira, are you! w;ell, you'll 
find yourself in the wrong Dox. 

BERNIQUET, s. m. (used only 
in these phrases) aller, Hre au 
berniguet, to come to beggary. 
Mettre quelqu'un au berniquet, to 
beggar one, to undo one, (popul.) 

BERNOUS, s. m. bernous, a hood- 
ed cloak. 

*BEROES, 5. name applied 
to several families and an order 
of zoophytes, 

•BEROIDES, a*, et s. m. pi. 
(zoo.) an order of acalephae, 

BERRI, s. m. (France) Berri. 

*BERS, (joAarffi.) a peculiar Egyp- 
tian electuary. ' 

BERTHELOT, s.m. (mar.) prow. 



*BERTI6REES, adj. et s.f. pi. 

(bat.) a tribe of rubiaceiE. 
BERUBLEAU, s. m. verditer, 

blue-ashes, sanders blue. 
*B6RYLLfi, adj.(phys:, t. applied 

to a kind of double refractor. 
*BERYLLIUM. .■!. m. V. Glu- 


♦BERYTION, s. m. (med.) bery- 

BESACE, bS-zaa, s. /. wallet. 

ii7re & la besace ; Hre r^duil ^ la 

besace, to be reduced to beggary, 

to be extremely poor, likltre d 

la besace, to beggar, to reduce, 

to bring one to beggary. 
BESACIER, b^-za-sia, .■!. m. one 

who carries a wallet ; a beggar. 

ItC besaciers de saint Frangois, 

the mendicant friars, (fam.) 
BESAIGUB, h&-z&-gt, s.f. (in 

carpentiy) twybill. 
BESAKCON, s. m. Besancon 
BESANT, (bl.) besant. ' 
BESAS, BESET,; b^-z§t, s. m. 

(in trict?ao) ams-ace, ambs-ace 

or two aces. 
BESl, s. m. a species of pear. 
BESICLES, b«-zlkl, s. f. pi. 

(fam.) spectacles, barnacles, Pre- 

nez vos — , consider the thing 

♦BfiSUyiENCE, s. m. (bot) the 

reproductive corpusculcs of aga- 

mous plants. 
*BESLfiRIEES, adj. et s.f. pi. 

(bat.) a tribe of gesneriae. 
BESOGNE, U-zhga, s. f. (fam) 


labour. Mettre la main d la — , 
to go to work. 

BESOGNER, v. n. v. 3; to work, to 
labour; to do one's business or 
BESOIN, b^'swin, s. m. need, 
want, occasion ; need, want, dis- 
tress, necessity. Au — , at a pinch. 
Autant qu'd est — , as much as is 
needful. Iln'estpas — de, it it' est 
pas — tpie, it is not necessary to, 
there is no occasion lor, there 
is no need of, there is no neces- 
sity for. V. Pa[;vrete. Besoin, 
Jl est sorti pour un — , he is in 
the yard. Faire ses — s, to do 
one's needs, 
*BESONS, s. m. Barbary kids. 
Bessarabia, Cudziac. 
BESSON, 8. m. (mar.) arching, 
convexity of the beams and 
decks. V. ToNTURE. 
Besson, ne, adj. twin, (old ) 

terra pinguis, (in mines). 
BESTIACE. V. Bestiasse. 
BESTIAIRE, b^-ti^r, s. m. pi. 
(those condemned to fight wild 
beasts in the circus) bestiarii. ■ 
BESTIAL, E, bl'S-tikUadj. beast- 
ly, bestial, brutish. Physionomi% 
— c, a sheepish figure. 
[Bestial follows the noim ; has 
no plural masculine.] 
man, adv. bestially, brutally, like 
a beast. 

[Bestialement follows the verb.j 
BESTIALITE, bSs-tiai-U-ti, »•. 
f. bestiality. 

BESTIASSE. s.f. ninny, ninny- 
hammer, dolt, simpleton. 
BESTIAUX, bia-titt, s. m. pi 
BESTIOLE, b5s-t!-61, s.f. a little 
beast or dumb creature, an in- 
sect. Un£ — , a dunce, a numy, 
a ninnyhammer. 
BESTION, bks-tlon, <,. m. a wild 
Bestion, (tnar.) head or figure on 
the prow, figure at the headoC 
a ship; the beak or beak-head 
B^TA, s. m. blockhead, logger 
BfiTAIL, ba-tkl, s. m. sing, cat- 
tie. Cfros — , great cattle. Menu 
— , small cattle. 

BfiTE, bit, s. /. beast, brute, 
dumb creature. — d laine, a sheep. 
— s fauves, deer. — s noires, wild 
boars. — s.puantes, foxes, badgers, 
etc. — d come, a honied tieast,.^s. 
bovines, black cattle, liiclamer 
la — , to start the game. B^te, 
a fool, a booby, a blockhead, a 
numskull ; a silly, foolish, stupid 
creature. One jme — , a cunning 
dog, a notable blade. — ipau- 
Me, a broken-shouldered animal; 
a good-for-nothing horse, an old 
hack. C'esl ma — , ma — noire, 
he is my aversion, my antipathy. 
Faire la — , to be silly, to forego 
one's interest. Mourir en — , die 
like a beast (without any sense 
of religion). Remonter sur sa-r- 




field, fig, vin: r6be, rib, 16rd, m6od, hbod, v5s, mora: bftse, b&t, brum. 

to get on one's legs again. BfiTE, 
(ganxe at cards) loo. Faire la — , 
to be looed. 

BfiTE, aclj. silly, stupid, foolish, 
nonsensical. Pas si — , not such 
a fool. *BfiTEXDiEn. K Coc- 
CI.VELLE. — noire, blaclc beetle. 
— a feu, V. MoucHE luisante. 
— & la grande dent, V. Bkiie- 
MOTH. — fuanle, KBlaireau. — s 
, roxiges, (insects) chiques; 
•BETEL, B]fcTRE ou TEM- 
BOUL, s. m. (plant) betel. 
BETEMENT, b4t-raan, adv. like 
a fool, foolishly, stupidly, dolt- 
ishly, \fam.) 

[Bitement follows the verb, may 
come between the auxiliary and 
the verb.] 

BETHLEEM, s. m. Bethlehem. 
BETISE, bS-tlz, s.f. senseless- 
ness, silliness, stupidity, Betise, 
a foolish or stupid thing ; a piece 
of folly or stupidity. B£tise, 
silly thing, nonsensical thing, 
nonsense, a piece of nonsense. 
BETOINE, bi-twan, s. f. (hot.) 
betony. Betoine d'eau, s.f. V. 
ScKOPHnLAiiiE aquatique. 
BETOIRE, s.f. gully. 
B£T0N, s. m. (in masonry) beton. 
BETTE, bSt, s.f. (a plant) beet. 
Bette, (mar.) K Marie-saLope. 
BETTEJIAVE, bSt-rav, s.f. beet, 
beetroot Nez de — , a copper 

'BETULACfiES, adj. el s.f. pi. 
(6o(.) a fanlilj of plants. 
*BETULINE, «./. a solid vola- 
tile oil found in the epidermis 
of the betula alba. 
'BfeTULINlEES, adj. et s. /. pi. 
(bat.) a family of plants. 
BfiT.YLE, (a stone used in making 
ancient idols) betylus, ahadir. 
BEUGLEMENT, b^ugl-man, s. 
m. the bellowing or lowing (of 
oxen and cows). 

BEUGLER, bdu-gla, ». a. v. 3, 
to bellow, to low. 
BEURRE, bSur, s. m. butter.— 
fort, strqng butter, rank batter. — 
noir, biltter melted in the frying- 
pan till it becomes black. Avoir 
Us yeux pochis au — noir, to 
have one's eyes black and blue. 
*Beoriie, (c7itm.) — d'anlimoine, 
etc. butter of antimony, etc. 
BEURRE de bambauk ou Bataule, 
butter of bambouck. Beorbe 
de Galaham, Guinea palm but- 
ter. BeURRE de PIERRE, s. m. 
kamine, butter of stone. 
BEURR6, bdu-ra, s. m. the but- 

BEURREE, bdu-ra, s.f. a slice 
of bread and butter. 
BETJKRER, blu-ra, v. a. v. 3, to 
butter. , ... 

BEURRI-ER, ERE, beu-rld, 
riJr, s.m. etf. a butter-manor 
woman. Des auteurs <J heur- 
riires, Grub-street writers. 
BEVEAU, s.m. bevel. 
BEVELAND, s. m. Beveland. 
BEVUE, bi-vft, s. f. blunder, 
oversight, mistake. 

BEY, ha, s. m. bey or beg, a 

Turkish governor. 
BEZESTAN, «. m. public market 

in Turkey. 
*BEZOARD, s. m. bezoar. Bk- 

zoARD/osyife ou mindral, fossile 

or mineral bezoar, 
*BEZOLE, s. m. (fish of Lau- 
sanne, etc.) bezola. 
*BEZOARDINE, s.f. ipkim.) a pe- 
culiar substance forming the base 

of the bezoars, 
*BEZOji.RDIQUE, adj. (fhim.) 

uric (acid). 
*BIACUMINE, adj. (Jot) bristles 

with two branches opposite to 

each other at the base. 

*BIAIGUILLONNfi, adj. Ifch.) 

with two spines. 

*BIA1L£, adj. (Sot.) two-winged. 

BIAIS, bife, «. m. bevel or bevil ; 

slope ; that is slanting, sloping, 

askew; aslope. Biais, way, man- 
ner, course. E ne s'y est pas 

pris du hon — , he went the 

wrong way to work. 

DE BiAis, adv. slopingly, ajhwart, 

slanting, aslope. 

BIAISEMENT, s.m. moving in 

an oblique, sloping direction. 

BiAisEUENT, shift, fetch, evasion. 

BIAISER, biJ:;i£i, v. n. v. 3, to 
bevel, to be or go aslope, or slop- 
iiig, to go slanting, to lean. [ Bi- 
AisER, toiise shifts and evasions, 
triclu and devices, to play fast 
and loose, to palter. 

BIAISEUR, blfe-zfeur, s. m. a 

*BIALUMINIQUE, adj. (chim.) 
peculiar subsalts with a base of 
alumina. , 

BIAMBONEES, s. /. pi. (India 
stuflfs) biarabonnes, pinasses. 

*BIAMMONIACA.L, adj. (.cUm.) 
peculiar ammoniacal salt. 

*BIANGULE, adj. (mol.) with 
tvio angles. 

*BIANTHERIFfiRE, adj. (hot.) 
having two anthers. 

(chim.) peculiar antimonial salt. 

*BIAPICUL6, adj. (bot.) term ap- 
plied to the bristles of the ovary 
of the synanthera. 

*BIARIST6, adj. (hot.) stipules 
terminating in two silk-like ex- 

BIARQTJE, s. m. biarchus, ca- 
terer, sutler. 

•BIARSENIA'TE, s. m. (chim.) 
peculiar arsenical salts. 

"■BIARTICULfe, adj. (ml.) term 
used in the anatomy of insects. 

BIASSE, bias, s.f. raw silk. 

*BIATOMIQUE, adj. (chim.) h\a- 

two aurieulfs. 

*BIAXIFERE, adj. (5ot) having 
two degrees of vegetation. 

*BrBASIQUE, adj. (chim.) pecu- 
liar salts. 

BIBERON, bib-roji, s. m. bibber, 
toper, guzzler, pot-companion, 
carouser, soalcer. Biberon, the 
lip of a cruet, sucking-bottle. 

♦BIBINAIRE, adj. (min.) a peeu- 
liarly formed crystal. 

(min) a peculiarly formed prism. 

*BIBISALTERNE, adj. (min.) a 
peculiarly formed prism. 

BIBLE, s.f. Bible, scripture, holy 

BIBLIOGRAPHE, bi-bli-6-graf, 
s. m. a bibliographer. 

BIBLIOGRAPHIE, bl-blI-5-gra- 
fl, s./. bibliography. 

BIBtlOGRAfHIQUE, bl-bli-5- 
gra-f ik, adj. bibliographical. 

BIBLIOMANE, s. m. et f. one 
mad aftei- books, bookish, a book- 

BIBLIOMANIE, s. /. biblioma- 
nia, bookishness. 

*BIBLIONITES, s.f. (min.) bib- 

BIBLIOPHILE, s. m. bibliophilus. 

BIBLIOPOLE, s. m., bookseller, 

BIBLIOTHfiCAIRE, bi-bl!-5-t!U 
k4r, s. m. librarian, librarji- 

BIBLIOTHEQUE, bi-bll-6-tSl!, 
s.f. library. BiBLiOTHEauE, book- 
case, book shelves. (Fig) C'est 
une — vivante, he is a living or 
walking library. C'est une — ten- 
versie, his notions are confused. 

BIBLIQUE, adj. biblical, bible. 

*BIB0RATE, s. m. bihorate. 

*BIBOSSU, adj. (n. h.) having two 
humps. ^ 

*BIBRACTfe)LfiS, adj. (hot.) 
with two small braetese. 

*BIBRACT6TE, adj. (hot.) hav- 
ing two bracteae. 
BIBUS, of iio value. Un intirh 
de bifms, a mere trifle, a matter, 
of no consequence. Unpoetede 
T-, poetaster, a sorry poet. Des 
raisoTis de — , paltry reasons. 
*BICALLEUX, adj. (n. h.) with 

two callosities. 
*BICAPSULAIRE, adj. (hot.) fruit 
formed by the union of two cap- 

*BICARBONATE, s. m. (chim.) 

*BICAKB01<l'k,adj. bicarbonated. 

*BICARBURE, s. m. bicarhuret. 

*BICAR6NE, adj. (hot.) bicari- 

♦BICAUDE, adj. with two tails. 

*BICEPS, s. m. (anal.) Le—du 
bras, bicipital muscle of the arm. 

*BICERCLE, adj. (mol.) two- 

BICETRE, s. m. a bedlam-hospi- 
tal, bieetie. Bic^tke, a roguish, 
unruly boy. 

BICHE, blsh, s.f. hind. 

BICHE DE MER, s. f trepans, 
sea slug ; a species of hololnuria, 
used as food by the Chinese. 

BISHET, bi-shJ, s. m. bichel, 
holding about two Paris bushels. 

BISHON, NE, bl-shon, s. m. elf 
lapdog. [chromate. 

♦BICHROMATE, s.m. (chim.) bi- 

•BICIPITAL, adj. (anat.) con- 
nected with the biceps. 

♦BICIPITfi, aij.(5o<.) two-headei 


bar, bat, bice, antique: thJre, Jbb, ov^r, j^une, mfiute, b6urre, li^n: 

•BICLAVfe, adj. ient.) t. applied to 
tile pacblys biclavatus. 

*BICOLLIGfi, adj. iprn.) t. ap- 
plied to the feet of certain birds. 

*BICOLOR, adj. two-coloured. 

»BICOLORINE,s./. {cliim.) a pe- 
culiar substance found in quassia, 
Siiinine, etc. 
ICONCAVE.odj. Iphys.) double 

"■BIC0NJUGAT0-PENN6, adj. 


*BIC0NJUG£, Bicgnjugu^. adj. 

V. BiGfeMINE. 

♦BICONTOURNE, a<Z;. (fiot.) 
twice twisted on itself 

*BICONVEXE, adj. double con- 

BICOQ, s. m. V. PiED-DE-CHi;vKE 


BICOQUE, bMs6k, s. m. a little 

paltry town or fort. BicoaoE, 

a hut, a hovel. 
*BICORDI, adj. (zoo.) an echinus 

so called. 
•BICORNE, s. m. el adj. (n. h.) 

two-horned (zoo.) a genus of 

♦BICORNES, adj. et (hot.) 

a family of plants, 
*BICORNIS, s.OT. (anal.) (muscle). 

*BICOSTfi, adj. having two ribs. 
*BICOUDE, adj. (n. h.) with two 

elbows or inflexions. 

•BICUIRASSfiS, adj. et. s. 

(crust.) a family of Crustacea. 
»BICUIVRIQUE, adj. (cUm.) pe- 
culiar salts of copper. 
•BICUSPIDE, adj. bicuspidate. 
'BICYANATE, s. m.. (chim.) bi- 

♦BIDACTYLE, adj. two-fingered. 
BIDASSOA, s. /. the Bidassoa. 
BIDAUTS, s. (ancient Fr. 

soldiers), bidarii, bidardi, bidaldi. 


»BIDENTE, adj. (n. h.) bidental, 
two- toothed. 

*BIDENTIDEES, adj. et s. /. pi. 
(ioQ SL section of senecioniao3. 

*BIDENTIGERE,<kK. (om.) hav- 
ing the upper mandible bidental. 

BIDET, bi-dfe, s. m. pony, gal- 
loway, a little nag, jennet. Vn 
double — , a horse of a size be- 
tween a pony and a common 
horse. Bidet, bidet. 

*BIDIGITE, orf;. (bot.) a leaf 
whose common petiole termi- 
nates in two leaflets. 

*BIDIGITfe.PENNfi, Bidigiti- 
PENNE, adj. (hot.) leaf whose com- 
mon petiole supports on its sum- 
mit two pinnated leaflets. 

BIDON, bi-don, s. m. (mar.) can, 
kind of wooden pitcher, a can- 

BIDOT, ». m. (mar.) A-bidot, adv. 
the situation of a lateen sail when 
a-back or lying upon the mast. 
Croix de bidot, a cleet for the 
bowlines of the lateen yards. 

•BIDOUBLANT, adj. (min.) a pe- 
culiarly formed crystal. 

*BIDUCTULEUX, adj.(bot.) leaf 
having two nerves. 

*BIECUSSONfe, adj. (rep.) a cro- 
codile so called. 

*BIEMBRYONE, ad;. (Sot.) a 
grain containing two embryos. 

BIEN, bi-4n, s. m. good.' — solide, 
solid good. Les — s et les maux de 
cetle vie, the good and evil of this 
life. Dire du — de quelqu'un, to 
speak well of one, to give him a 
good character. Expliquer une 
chose en — , to put a favourable 
construction upon a thing. Grand 

— vousfasse, much good may it 
do you. BlEN, honest, good, vir- 
tuous. LengcTisde — , good men. 
Se porter — , to be well inclined. 
Sentir son bien, to look like a 
gentleman. Entmd — toutkon- 
neur, upon honourable terms. 
BiEN, one's property, fortune, 
estate, wealth, substance, por- 
tion, possession, purse, riches, 
stores, means. — s, means, sub- 
stance, domain, effects. — s-fonds, 
land, ground. — cJair et liquide, 
unencumbered estate. Debrou- 
iUer son — , to clear one's estate. 
— depatrimoine, patrimony. Man- 
quer de — , to be poor. Bien, 
property, estate. Faire cession 
de — s, to resign one's effects, to 
turn bankrupt. Curateurs aux 

— vacants, trustees. Le navire 
a piri corps et — s, the ship went 
down men and all, crew and 
cargo. Les — s du corps, de Ves- 
prit, endowments. Les — s de 
Tame, virtues, endowments. Les 
— 5 iternels, lieavenly blessings, 
mercies. Prqfaner le — de Dieu, 
to abuse God's mercies. 

Bien, a(Zt!. well. Jlse parte — , he 
is well . — lui en amis de s'en aller, 
it was as well for him he went 
away. Bien, well. Assez — , 
pretty well. Bien, on good 
terms. J^tre — , avec quelqu'un, 
to be on very good terms with 
one. Bien, comfortable. iVous 
nous irouvons fort — id, we are 
very comfortable here. Bien, 
good-looking. Cette/emTne est — , 
that woman is good-looking. 
Bien, good carriage. Cetle jeune 
persanne se tient — , that young 
lady has a good or genteel car- 
riage. Bien, cleverly. — trouvi, 
cleverly thought of. Cest — , 
that's right. Le voil& ■ — , a fine 
pickle he has got into. Bien, 
much, a great deal, a vast deal, 
a mighty deal. — de Vargent, 
much money. — des hommes, 
many men. — , very. Vous ites 

— ion, you are very kind. — , 
much, far. — mieux, much better, 
far better. Bien, (fam.) finely. 
11 a iti — attrapi, he has been 
finely caught. — , properly, sound- 
ly. II a etd — battu, he has been 
soundly beaten. — , heartily, Je 
suis — las, I am heartily tired. 
Bien, quite full. Elle est — aussi 
grande qu£ sa sreur, she is full as 
tall as her sister. Bien, almost, 
very near, about. 11 y a — un 
mots, it is almost or very near a 

month, Bien, indeed, truly. Jt 
Vai — pensd, I thought so indeed, 
Bien, (often redundant), Je le 
veux — , I have no objections. 
Bien, strictly, severely, 11 a iti 
— examini, he was strictly ex- 
amined. Hi — , well. Ou. — , or, 
else, otherwise. Qui, — , yes, 
indeed; yes, sure; well and 
good. — et beau, quite, entirely. 
I^When used as an adv bien re- 
quires the article after it. £ien 
du monde, a great many people. 
Except in the locution, oien d'au- 
tres, many others, where bien des 
autres would be incorrect. It is al- 
ways put after the verb in the sim- 
ple tenses : 11 chante bien ; gene- 
rally stands before the infiiiitive ; 
11 faut bien chanter; and in com- 
pound tenses between the auxili- 
ary and the participle : M a bien 
chante. The French say bien 
moins and mains bien, bien plus, 
but never pto Wen. In this last 
case, they uniformly say mieiuc. 
When followed by a plural noun, 
the verb is also in the plural : bien 
des gens pensent and not bien des 

Bien auE, co?^. though, although. 
Bien qu'il Ic sache, although he 
knows of it. (Bien que governs 
the subjunctive.) 
Si bien auE, conj. so that. Si 
bien git'il Tie veut pas Vacheter, so 
that he won't buy it. (Si bien 
que governs the indicative.) 
Bien loin de, conj. far from, very 
far from, so far from, instead ofl 
(Bien loin de governs the infini- 

Bien loin que, com. far from, so 
far from. Bien loin qu'ils me 
Jfassent douter, so far from caus- 
ing me to doulDt (Bien loin que 
governs the subjunctive.) 
BIEN-AIME, E, bi^n-na-m5, 
adj. s. beloved, well-beloved, 
fondling, darling, dear, lief 
BIEN AISE, bin^-dz, adj. well- 
pleased, very glad. 

[Bien aise governs de : je suis 
bien aise de cela, bien aise de le 
surprendre: governs que with the 
subj. : je suis bien aise que vous le 

BIEN-DIRE, biin-dlr, s. m. fine 
speech or good language, elo- 
quence, (fam.) 

BIEN-DISANT, E, biSn-dl-zan, 
zant, adj. eloquent, well-spoken. 
(Little used). 

BIEN-ETRE, bi^n, n4tr, s. m. 
accommodation, well-being, easy 
BIENFAISANCE, bl«n-f?-zans, 
s.f. beneficence, bounty, muni- 

BIENFAISANT, E, bi^n-f^-zan, 
zant, adj. beneficent, kind, gra- 
cious, bounteous, bountiful, mu- 
■ nificenL 

[Bienfaisant follows the noun, 
may precede it in a case of har- 
mony and analogy : la bienfaisarite 
nature. See Adjfctif.] 
BIENFAIT, bienfd, s. m. good 
turn, good office, kindness, bene- 




field, fig, vin: rfibe, r6b, 16rd, mflod, hfiod, v5s, mon: bise, bfit, bran. 

fit, ooon, favour, pleasure, cour- 

fd-t6ur, tris, s. m. eif. benefactor, 

r^u, r^uz, adj. happy, blest, bliss- 
ful, blessed, ies esprits — . fes 
— , the blessed, the blest. Esprit 
— , vie — se, sanctity, 

[Bienkeureux follows the noun, 
might in certain cases precede it ; 
when joined with a verb, Uen 
becomes an adverb and is sepa- 
rated from the adjective.] 
BIENNAL, E, adj. biennial. 
BIENS£ANCE, bl«n-sa-ans, s./. 
decency, decorum, regard, seem- 
liness ; conveniency, vicinity, 
commodious situation, fitness. 
B I E N SE A N T, E, biin-sa-an, 
ant, adj. decent, becoming, fit- 
ting, seemly, beseeming, comely, 
decorous, fit, handsome. 
[Biensiant follows the noun.] 
BIEN-TENANT, E, s. m. et f. 
Xjur.) possessor. 

BIENT6T, bi4n-t&, adB. soon, 
ere long, shortly, (fam.) Cda 
est — dit, it is easy talking. 

iBlentoi follows the simple 
tense : U reviendra bientot ; be- 
tween the auxil. and the verb: 
il sera bientot revenu ; sometimes 
begins the phrase: bientot vous 
1e verrez punir.] 

la.ns,s.f. benevolence, good-will, 
protection, favour, fi-iendliness, 
kindness. Bienveillance, be- 
nevolence, free gift. 
Hn, Zant, adj. benevolent, kind, 
iBienveHUmt: un bienveiUant 
homme, is not said; though un 
UenveUlant accueil might be said. 
See Adjeotif.] 

BIEN-VENU, E, bi^nv-nft-nft, 
adj. s. welcome. Soi/ez le — , 
you are very welcome. 
BIEN-VENUE, s.f. welcome, en- 
trance or initiation. 
BIEN-VOULU, E, adj. well-be- 
loved. (Old.) 

*BIEP6R0NN6, adj. (.bot. el orn.) 
having two spurs. 
•BFfePILLE, adj. (bot.) flowers so 
disposed as to form two ears. 
*Bll;PINEUX. adj. (n. A.) with 
two spines. 

BIERE, bl4r, s.f. beer. Double 
— , ou — forte, strong heer, ale. 
Petite — , small-beer, table-beer. 
— defroment, mum. Levure de 
— ^yeast or yest. (proii. et fam.) 
C'est une enseigne i — , it is a 
perfect daub. BiiiRE, coffin. 
'BifiREME, adj. (bot.) frait com- 
posed of two pericarps. 
BIEVRE, blAvr, s. m. beaver, 
castor. (Old. V. Castor.) 
BIEZ, s. m. mill-dam. 
•BIFARIBRANCHES, adj. et s. 
m. pi. (mol.) a fam. of gasteropoda. 
♦BIFARIE, adj. (fioU) in two op- 
posite rows. 

*BIFASCl£, adj. two banded. 

el adj. (flnai.) the gastrocnemius 


*B1FENDU, adj. (zoo.) term ap- 
plied to the scuteUa bifissa. 

*BlFENESTRE,a*'.term applied 
to the chiroscelis bifenestrata. 

*BIFERE, adj. (min.) cryslal of a 
peculiar form. 

*BIFERRIQUE, adj. (chim.) pecu- 
liar salts of iron. 

*BIFERRUGINEUX, adj. {min.) 
term applied to the pitizite. 

BIFFER, bl-fi, v. a. v. 3, to can- 
cel, to rase ; to strike, scratch or 
blot out. V. Efpacer. 

*BIFIDE, adj. (bot.) bifid, bifidate. 

*BlFISSIlX adj. (bot.) term ap- 
plied to certain anthers. 

*BIFISTULEUX, adj. leaf with 
two cavities its whole length; 

*BIFLABELLE, adj. ent. fan- 
shaped antennas of msects. 

*BIFLORE, adj. (bot.) bifioral. 

*BIFOLIE, adj. (bot.) bifoliate. 

*BIFOLIOL6,flrf7: (bot.) compound 
leaf, whose common petiole sup- 

gjrts two leaflets. 
IFOLLICULE, s. m. (bot.) fruit 
divided into two parts, which 
form two follicles. 

*BIFORE, adj. (bot. zoo.) pierced 
with two holes or two pores. 

*BIFORES, adj. et s. m. pi. a fa- 
mily of cirripedes. 

*BIFORIPALLES, adj. et s. 
(mol.) an order of conchifera. 

*BIFORME,a4/. (boL et min.) hav- 
ing two forms. 

BIPTECK, s. m. (cuis.) beefsteak. 

♦BIFURCATION, s. /. (anal.) bi- 
furcation, (said also of trees). 

*B I F U R Q U £,, ad/, (bot.) bifur- 

SE BIFtJRQUER, v. r. v. 3, to be 
forked, or with two branches ; to 
be bifurcated, (said of teeth.) 

*BIGAILLE, s. m. (ent.) two wing- 
ed, bipennate. (Colonial word.) 

BIGAME, bi-gam, adj. s. biga- 
mist. BiGAME, (jur. canon), one 
twice married, bigamist. 

BIGAMIE, bi-g'a-mi, s.f. bigamy. 

*BIGARADE, bi-gS-rad, s. f. a 
Seville orange, a bitter orange. 

*BIGARADIER, s. m. Seville 

*BIGARREAU, X, bi-g-l-rS, s. m. 
the red-and-white-heart cherry. 

ti a , 8. ra. the red-and-white-heart 
cherry tree. 

BIGARRER, bi-gi-ri, v. a. v. 3, 
to checker, to streak, to dapple. 
Compagnie bisarrie, ill-suited 
company, medley. 

BIGARRURE, bi-gil-rfir, s.f. a 
medley, a mixture, oddity, whim- 

♦BIGfiMINfi, adj. (hot. el min.) 
twice doubled. 

*BIGENE, adj. (bot.) tree bearing 
a second crop of leaves. 

*BIGENERE, adj. (n. h.) hybrid. 

*BIGIBBEUX, adj. (bot.) with two 

*B1GLANDULEUX, adj. (6ot) 

with two glands. 
BIGLE, bigl, adj. subs, squint- 
eyed i with a cast in the eyes. 

BiGLE, s. m. (hound) beagle. 

BIGLER, bi-gla, ». n. v. 3, to 


*BIGLOBULEUX, adj. (bot.) com- 
posed apparently of two spheres 

*BIGLUMfi, adj. (hot.) having 
two glumes. 

*BIGNE, s.f. a tumour upon the 
forehead. (Old.) 

*BIGNONE, «./.( plant), bignonia. 

*BIGN0NIAC£ES, adj. et s. f. 

pi. (bot.) a family of plants. 

*BIGNONIEES, adj. et s. f. pi. 
(bot.) a section of bignoniaceoe. 

BIGORNE, bi-g4rn, s. /. (an an- 
vil) bickern. Bigomeau, a little 

BIGORNER, u a. v. 3, to round 
a piece of iron upon the bickern. 

BIGORRE, (LE), s. m. Bigorre. 

BIGOT, E, bi-g&, g5t, adj. (subsl.) 
bigoted, a bigot, a bigoted man 
or woman, canter, devotee, hy- 
pocrite. V. Hypocrite. 
[Bigol follows the noun ; might 

sometimes precede it even in 

prose : dans sa bigote hutneur. See 


BIGOTERE ou Bigotelle, s. /. 
brush, piece of stuff or leather 
to turn up the whiskers. 

BIGOTERIE, bl-g5t.ri, s. f. bi- 
gotry, superstition, hypocrisy. 
Donner dans la higolerie, to turn 
bigot or devotee. , 

BIGOTISME, bi-g&-tlsm, ». m. 

BIGOTS de racage, s. m. pi ribs 
of a barrel. 

BIGOURNEAU. V. Biohrneau, 

*BIGRANULAIRE,a<Zj. (zoo.) an 
echinus so called. 

BIGUER, V. a. v. 3, to make an 
exchange, to barter, to chop. 
(Not used.) 

BIGUES, s. f. pi. (mar.) sheers, 
mast of a sheer-hulk, props or 
shores to bear a ship up when in 
the drydook. 

*BIHAL, «. m. (plant), bihal. 

*BIHAST6, adj. a Rhinalophus 
so called. 

*BIHOREAU, s. m. (orn.) pseudo- 

*BIHYDRIQUE, adj. (chim.) con- 
taining a double proportion of hy- 

(chim.) a bisulphate containing 
water of crystallization. 

m. (chim.) a peculiar arsenical 

*BIIODURE, s. m. (chim) com- 
pound with twice as much iodine 
as in a simple ioduret. 

BIJON, a. m. V. Terebenthine 

BIJOU, X, bi-260, s. m. jewel, 
toy, trinket. Bijou, (jig. etfam.) 
jewel. C'estunjoU byou, she ia 
a charming woman. V. Jo yah. 

BIJOUTERIE, bi-zAot-ri, ». / 
the ieweller's trade and business 









4bb, ov^r, j^une 




^IJObTIER, b!^6o-t!a, s. m, 
jeweller, Bijoqtier, one who 
is fond of little, trinkets or toys. , 

*BIJUGE, adj. ijnin.) a peculiarly 
jfbriped ,cryal!fl. i 

*BUUGU£, arf;. {bol.) with com- 
mon petiole supporting two 
pairs of leaflets. 

*BILABIE, a<ij. (hot.) bilabiate. 

*BILAMELL£, .arfj. {hot.) bila- 

BILAN, bi-lan, a ledger. Arrke 
ou cloture d^uncompte, a balance, 
account. JJiposer son — , to stop 

*BILATERAL, adj. bilateral. 

BILBAO, s. m (Spain), Bilboa. 

BILBOQUET, bil-b6-A^, s. m. 
bilboquet, cup and ball. Bilbo- 
auETS„(in wig-making,) curling- 
pipes. Bilboquet, (in masonry), 
a small piece, of^ hewn stone. 

• BiLBoauET, (toy), tumbler. C'est 
un vrai — he is a harum-scarum 
fellow, giddy-headed fellow. 

BILE, bil, s. /. bile, bilious mat- 
ter, , choler, anger, spleen. Ri- 
ceptacle de &— , gall-bladder. 

'.S'imouvoir, s'ichauffer la — . to 

f)rovoke one's anger.; — noire, me- 
aricholy. Bile, (termination). 
V. Able. 

BILEDULGERID, s. m. Biledul- 

*BILIAIRE, bi-li-Sr, adj. (med.) 

'^BIUCHENATE, s. m. (,chim.) 
-salt containing a double propor- 
tion of lichenie acid. 

*BILIGULE, adj' bi-Iigulate. 

*BIIJGULIFORME, adj. (hot.) a 
peculiar forni of the corolla of 

BILIEU-X, SE, bi-lISu-li^uz, 
Mj. suhsl. bilious, choleric, pas- 
sionate, angry, subject to spleen. 
[Bilieux follows the noun:] 

*BILIMBIi s. m. (fiat.) bilimbi, ma- 
ins indica, biliingbing; 

BILINGUE, s. etadj: bilinguis, 

BILL, bil, s.. m. bill. ' Dresser un 
bill, to draw up a bill. 

BILLARD, bi4ar, s. m. biTliards, 
billiard table, billiard room, bil- 
liard stick. BiLLAttD, {mar.) bil- 

BILLARDER, bi-Zar-da, v. n. v. 
3, to strike a ball twice, or to 
strike the two balls together. 
BiLLARDEK, V. o. V. 3, {mar.) to 
drive the iron hoops of the mast, 
etCi by means of the billiard. 

BILLE, bli, a.f. ball. Faire une 
bilk, to put the ball into the ha- 
zard, BiLLEd'acier, square piece 
of steel. EiLLE, marble, taw. 
BiLLE d'emballeur, a packer's 
stick. BiLLES, {mar.) beckets of 
the tacks and sheet. 

BILLEBARRER, v. a. v. 3, to va- 
riegate, t» checker. 

BILLEBAUDE, s /. {fam.) hurly- 
burly, confusion. JL la lillehaude, 
adv. confusedly, without order. 

BILLER, bl-M, v. a. v. 3, to pack 
lip close with a stick. Biller, 
(mar.) to .fasten a rope to a boom, 

in order to rjde or liow a boat. 
BiLLER les chevaux, to set horses 
together to tow a boat. 
BILLET, \il-lh, s. m. note, billet, 
letter. — doiM.billet-doux, a love- 
letter Billet, bill, hand-bill, 
label. Billet, a bill, a note of 
hand, a promissory note, bond. 
Billet, ticket. — d'enlrde, an en- 
trance ticket. Billet, billet 
(for quartering soldiers). Tirer 
au — , to draw lots. Billet de 
santi, a bill of health. Billet 
d'enterrement, a funeral or burial 
letter. Billet de part ou de 
/aire part, a circular. 
BILLETS, E, adj. (il.) billeted. 
BiLLETji, E, labelled, ticketed ; 
(troops), billeted. 

BILLETER, v. a. v. 76, to ticket, 
to label ; (troops) to billet. 
BILLETTE, s.f. (bl) billet. 
BILLEVESfiE, bi?-v«-zi, s. f. 
idle stdry, humbug, foolish trash. 
BILLION, b 1-1 ion, s. m. (ariih.) 

BILLON, s. m. (coin), billon. 
Billon, base coin. Billon, the 
place where base coin is re- 
ceived (to be melted). Billon, 
s. f. (agr.) a ridge. 
BILLONNAGE, hUb-nkz, s. m. 
debasing the coin, circulating or 
putting It ofE Bjllonnage, (agr.) 
the' throwing up of land into 
BILLQNNEMENT, s. m. billon, 
debasing of metals, putting off 
bad coin. (Not used.) 
BILLONNER, hUt>.ni, v. a. v. 3, 
to alter or debase tbe coin, to 
circulate debased coin. 
BILLONNEUR, M-lb-n&m, s. m. 
one who alters or debases the 
coin, or circulates debased coin. 
BILLOT, bl-Z6, s. m. block, log. 
Billot, a dog-yoke. Billot, (in 
tailoring), a sleeve-board. Bil- 
lots, (mar.) dead wood, or short 
piece of timber laid upon the 
keel between the crotches afore 
and abaft. 
*BILOBfi, adj. (bot.) bi-lobate. 
*BIL0CULAIRE, adj. (bot.) bi- 

*BIL0PHE, adj. (am.) a trochi- 
liis so called. 
*BILUNULE, adj. (n. h.) marked 
with two crescent-shaped spots. 
*BIMA.CULE, adj. marked with 
. two distinctly coloured spots. 
■►BIMALATE, s. m. (chim.) bi- 

■^IMANE, s. m. el adj. posses- 
sing two hands ; (mam.) a class 
of mammifera; (rep.) a family 
of sauri, (the sirens). 
•►BIMARGARATE, «. m. (chim.) 

*BIMARGINE, adj. (hot. a mol.) 
with a double border. 
BIMBELOT, 5. m. a child's play- 
thing, a toy. 
BIMBELOTERIE, s. /. the ma- 
king or selling of children's 
plwthings, the toy trade. 
BIMBELOTIER, s. m. one who 
keeps a toyshop, toyman. 

*BIMfiTRIQUE, adj. (min.) a per 
culiar crystal. 

♦BIMIX'l'E, (tdj: (min.) crystal of 
a peculiar form. 

*B1M0LYBDATE, s. m. (chim.), 

*BIMUCRONE, adj. (zoo.) celle- 
pora so called. 

BINAGE, BiNEMENT, bin-man, 
s. m. the ploughing, digging or 
delving the grpund over agaia 
BiNAGE, celebrating mass in two 
diilerent places on the same day . 

BINAIRE, bi-n4r, od;'. binary. 
[Binaire after the noun.] 

BINARD, «. m. a large four- 
wheeled wagon. BiNAKD, (in 
masonry), truck. 

*BINE, adj. (bot.) leaves divided 
deeply into two parts. 

BINER, bi-nd, u. a. v. 3, (agr.) 
to dig again, to delve, to turn up 

the ground a second time, to hoe. 

BiNER, V. n. V. 3, to say mass 
twice' in one day. 

*BINERVE, adj: (bot.) with two 

longitudinal nerves. 

*BIN£RVtJLE, adj. (hot.) term 

applied to the placenta when it 

has two nerves. 
BINET, bl-nd, «. m. save-all. 

Faire le — , to play the miser. 
BINETTE, bi-nSt, s.f. a sort of 

*BINIFLORE, adj. (bot.) double 

*BINITRATE, s. m. (chim.) bi- 

*BINOANNULAIRE, adj. on«.) 

a peculiarly formed prism. 
BINOCLE, bi-n6kl, s.f. binocle, 

a kind of dioptric telescope. 
*BiNOCLEs, s. m. pi. (crust.) pedi- 

culi piscium. 
BINOCULAIRE, adj. binocular. 
*BmOCULfiS, .adj. et s. m. pi. 

(ent.) a division of aptera. 
BINOME, s. m.(alg.) binomial. 

(min.) a peculiar form of crystal. 
*BINOSENAIRE, adj. (min.) a 

peculiar form of crystal. 
*BmOTERNAIRE, adj. (min.) a 

peculiar form of crystal. 

a peculiar form of crystal. 
*BINOXALATE. F.Bioxalate. 
"BINTAMBARU, s. m. (plant of 

Malabar), bintambaru. 
*BIOCELLE, adj. (n. h.) marked 

with two eye-shaped spots. 
»BIOCHIMIQUE, adj. (chim.) pe- 
culiar chemical action producing 

the sensation of odours. 
'*BIOCUL£, adj. (n. h.) with two 

spots of a distinct colour. 
""BIODYN AMIQUE, adj. synony- 
mous with Biochimique. 
*BIOGENE, adj. (bot.) term ap- 
plied to parasitic intestinal cryp- 

togamous plants. 
BIOGRAPHE, bl-5.graf, s. m. 

BIOGRAPHIE, bl-6-gra-f i, s.f 

*BIOLEATE, s. m. (cJdm.) bi- 



field, fig, vin: r6be, rib, 16rd, mdud, h6od, y6s, moji: bise, b&t, brun. 

BIOT.XXJIE, s. /.biology, doo- 
irine of life. 

'BIOLOGIQUE, adj. biological. 

*BIOLYCH]SIION, s, m. vital 
heat (obsolete). 

*BIONDELLA, s. /. mczereon, 

*BI0NGU1CULE, adj. (ent.) with 
a tarsus terminating m two hooks, 

*BI0S0PH1E, s.f. synonymous 
with Biologie. 

'BIOSPHERE, s. /. (n. A.) ele- 
mentary globular atom. 

*BIOTES, s. (zoo.) a group 
composed of the medusx, acti- 
nise, and hydras. 

*BIOTIQUE, adj. supposed ma- 
terial vital principle. 

m. (shell), periwinkle. 

*BI0VUL6, adj. {bot.) containing 
two embryos. 

*BIOXALA.TE, Bioxalhydbate, 
s. m. (.ckim.) bi-oxalate. 

*BIOXrDE, s.m. {chim.) deutoxide. 

*BIPAL60L,E, adj. Ifiot.) with 
two palesB. 

*BIPALM£, adj. (hot.) bi-pal- 

*BIPALPfe, BiPARASITE, adj.(ent.) 
term applied to the mouth of 
certain insects. 

*B1PARTI, adj. (hot.) bipartite. 

♦BIPARTIBLE, adj. (bot.) sepa- 
rable into two portions. 

•BIPARTIS, adj. et s. (ent.) 
a section of carabici. 

*BIPECTIN£, Bipede, adj. (ent.) 

BIPEDAL, E, bl-pS-dal, adj. bi- 

BIPEDE, bl-p6d, adj. et s. m. bi- 
ped ; (man.)—a7iUrieur, the fore- 
feet of a horse. — postdrieur, the 
hind feet. 
[Bipede follows the noim.] 

•BIPEDES, s.m. pi. biped; 
(mam.) a section of mammalia ; 
(rep.) a genus of sauri. 


•BIPENNATIFIDE, adj. (bot.) 

•BIPENNE, adj. et s. m. V. Dip- 


*BIPENN6, adj. bi-pinnated. 

*BIPENNES, adj. et s. (ent.) 
a section of anelytra. 

*BIPERFORE, adj. (anat.) an or- 
gan with two perforations. 

*BIPETAL]&, adj. (bot.) with two 
petals only. 

*BIPHORES, adj. et s. (mo?.) 
a family of acephala. 

»BIPHORJDEES, adj. et s. f. pi. 
(mol.) a family of ttmicata. 

*BIPHOSPHATE, s. m. (chim.) 

*BIPHOSPHITE, s. m. (chim.) bi- 

*BIPHOSPHURE, s. m. (chim.) 

*BIPINNATIFIDE, adj. (bot.) bi- 

*BJPmN&,adj. (bat.) bi-pinnated. 

•BIPLIE, BiPLISSE, adj. (bot. et 
mol.) with double folds. 

*BIPL01VIBIQUE, adj. (chim.) a 

peculiar salt of lead. 
*BIPLUMi;, adj. (bot.) an are- 

thusa so called. ; 

*BIP0LAIRE,a4;. (^(Ajfs.) having 

two poles. 
*BIP0LARIT£, s./. (phys.) state 

of an electric or magnetic body 

exhibiting two poles. 
*B1P0NCTUS:, adj. (ent.) marked 

with two coloured points. 
*BIPOREUX, odj.with two pores. 
*BIPOTASSIQUE, adj. (chim.) a 

peculiar salt of potassa. 
*BIPUPILLfiS, adj. et s. m. pi. 

(ich.) a tribe of cyprini. 
*BIPUSTULE;' adj. (ent.) with 

two red points on a dark ground. 
BIQUE, bik, s.f. a she-goat,(/am.) 
BIQUET, bi-44, s. m. a kid, 

(fam.) BiauET, a sort of moneys 

BICiUETER, blk-ta, v. n. v. 76, 

to kid. 
BIRAMBROT, s. m. flip, a drink 

made with beer, sugar, and nut- 
*BIRAME, adj. (200.) term appli- 
ed to certain organs of '>he che- 

*BIRAY£, adj. (n. h.) with two 

coloured rays. 
*BIREFRINGENT, adj. (phys.) 

a peculiarly formed priSih. 
BIREME, bl-rJm, s.f. biremis, a 

ship with two tiers of rowers on 
; each side, one above the otlier. 
BIRETTE, s./. (a cap), biretum. 
*BIRHOMBOiDAL, adj. (mW.)a 

peculiar crystal. 
BIRIBI, s. m. biribi, (a game.) 


BIRIXSR, s. m. Ijutlon (of a win- 

BIRMINGHAM, s. m. (England). 

*BIRONCINE, adj. (bot.) a lami- 
naria so called. 

*BIROSTRfi, adj. (bot. et mol) 
having two points or beaks. 

BIS, E, bi, biz, adj. brown. J)u 
pain — , brown bread. Unefem- 
vw — c, a brown or lawny wo- 
man. A BIS ET A BLANC, faire 
una chose & bis et & blane ou & 
batons rompus, to do a thing by 
hook or by crook, by fits and 

Bis, bis, part, interjed. encore. 

»BISADDITIF, adj. (min.) a pe- 
culiar crystal. 

BISAGE, s. m. second dyeing. 

BlSAiEUL, bl-za-yfiul, s. m. 

BISAiEULE, s. f. great-grand- 

*BIS ALTERNE, adj. (min.) a pe- 
culiar crystal. 

BISALTIS ou BisALPis, «. /. 
(myth.) Bisaltis. 

BISANNUEL, LE, adj. biennial. 

BISBILLE; bis-bi?, s.f. quarrel, 
dissension, misuhderelanding, 
bickering, (fam) 

BlS-BLANC, adj. bice or Use, 

BISCAIEN, s, m. a kind of gun 
throwing to a great distance. 
— ne, s.f, a kind of row-boat. 

BISCAYE, s.f. (Spain), Biscay. 

BISCAYEN, IME, adj. et subst. 

BISCORNU, E, bisik6r-nfi, nil, 
adj. outlandish, odd, queer, 
cramp, hard. Nom — , an odd 
name. Jlfo(— , a cramp, hard 
jBiscornu follows the noun.] 

BIBCOTIN, bis-k6-tin,s.m. sweet 
biscuit, biscotin. 

BISCUIT, bis-kul, s. m. biscuit, 
sea-btcad. BisCuit, petit biscuit,^ 
small biscuit ' Biscuit & la cuil- 
Ihe, finger biscuit — de ftavoie, 
Naples biscpit. Biscuit, clinker. 
Biscuit, a kind of porcelain. 
Biscuits, pebbles found in lime- 

(ent.) with twenty distinctly co- 
loured points. 

*BISDfiCIMAL, adj. (min.) a pe- 
culiar prism. 

BISE, Sjf. north or north-east 
\Bise has no plural.] 

BISEAU, bi-2&,.s. m. the kissing- 
crust. BisEAU, (t. of arts), basil. 

BISEIGLE, s. m. a shoemaker's 

*BISEL, s. m. (chim.) a peculiar 

*BISELETnATE, s. m. (chim.) 

*BISELEJVITE, ?. m. (chim.) hi- 

*BISfiL6NIURE, s. m. (chim.) bi- 

*BISELLEMENT, s. m. (min.) a 
peculiar modification of crystals. 

*BISEMUS, s. m. shrewmouse 
of Silesia. 

*BIS£QUfi, a^;. (ent) bisected. 

BISER, V. n. V. 3, to ripen, to grow 
brown. Biser, v. a. Biser une 
itofe, to dye a stuff again. 

*BIS-ERGOT, ,». m. Senegal part- 

*BISERIAL, adj.'(mol.) a sepia so 

♦BISfeRIATION, s.f. (bot.) ar- 
rangement of the seed in two 
rows in the pericarp., 

*BIS6RIE, adj: (boi.) arranged in 
two rows. 

BISERTE, s.f. (Africa), Biserta. 

*BISET, bi-z6, s. m. a stock-dove 
or wood-pigeOn.' 

*BIS6TAC£S, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(crust.) a family of entomostraca. 

*BIS£TIGERE, adj. (ent.) with 
two bristles. 

BISETTE, bi-zet, s.f. footing, a 
kind of narrow lace. 

BISETTIERE, <,.f. narrow-iace- 

'BISEXE, adj. hermaphrodite. 
(Little lisdd.) 

*BISEXUEL, adj. (bot.) monoe- 
cious, hermaphrodite. 

*BISILICATE, s. m„ Hipilicate, 







antique : 


4bb, ovir. 





o*'., BisiLLONKB, ad;. (Aoi.) mark- 
ed with two furrows. 

*BISINU£, adj. (tnol.) with two 

•BISIPHITK, adj. (,mol.) having 
two siphons. 


*BISMUTH, s. m. bismuth, tin- 

*B1SMUTHIDES, adj. el s. 
(jnin.) a family of minerals. 

*BISMUTHIFERE, adj. (jnin.) 
containing bismuth. 

*BISMUTHIQUE, adj. {chim.) 

Imin.) a crystal with 42 faces. 

*BISON, s. m. bison. 

♦BISPATHELLfi, Bispathel- 
LULi), adj. (bol.) composed of two 
small spathes. 

•BISPENIENS, adj. el s. m. pi. 
{rep.) an order of reptilia. 

BISQUAIN, s. m. sheep's skin 
with the wool on. 

BISQUE, bisk, s.f. a rich kind 
of soup, bisk, cullis. Bisque, 
odds (at tennis), tifleen. Prendre 
sa — , to choose a favourable op- 

*BISQUINDECI1VIAL, adj.(min.) 
-a peculiar prism. 

BISSAC, bi-sac, s. m. wallet. II 
est an — , he is reduced to beg- 

BISSECTION, s./. bisection. 

(ent.) with fourteen distinct red 

BISSETRE, s. m. mishap. (Obs.) 

'BISSEXDECIMAL, adj. (min.) 
a peculiar prism. 

BISSEXE, adj. V. BissEXUEi,. 

BISSEXTE, bi-sSkst, s. m. bis- 
sextile day. On aura — ceile aii- 
nie, this is leap-year. 

BISSEXTIL, E, bi-s4ks-til, adj. 
bissextile. L^an — , Vannie — c, 

*BISSEXUEL, LE, adj. (fioQ her- 

»BISSOUSTRACTIF, adj. (,min.) 
a peculiar crystal. 

*BISSUS, s. m. byssus animalis. 
V. Bysse. Bissus, mineral, 

*BissDS, s.f. (plant), byssus. 

*BIST£ARATE, s. m. (cltim.) bi- 

*BISTIPELLi;, adj. {bol.) having 
two stipules. 

BISTOQUET, bis-t5-i«, s.m. 
long billiard-stick. 

*BISTORTE, s.f. bistort, snake- 

(pharm.) a pestle. 

*BISTOURI, bis-t6o-ri, a.m.(chir.) 
bistouri, incision-knife, sdalping- 

•BISTOURNfi, adj. tortuous. 

•BISTOURNEE, s. /. (mot.) os- 
treum tortuosum. 

BISTOURNER, bis-t6or-n^, v. a. 
V. 3, to twist a horse's genitals. 

BISTRE, s. m. bistre. 

♦BISTRIE, adj. (mol.) marked 
with two striae. 

*BISULCE, adj. cloven-footed. 

*BISULCES, adj. et s. m. pi. clo- 
ven-footed ; {mam.) an order of 

(fihim.) a peculiar arsenical salt. 

a peculiar arsenical salt. 

*B1SULFATE, s. m. (cUm.) bi- 

♦BISULFITE, «. m. icUm.) bi- 

*BISULF0BASIQUE, adj. (fihim.) 
t. applied to certain haloid salts. 

(cjiim.) a peculiar molybdic salt. 

(chim.) a peculiar tungstic salt. 

*BISULFURE, s. m. (chim.) bi- 

NAiiiE, BisuNiTAiRE, adj. (min.) 
a.peculiar crystal. 

bustard, otis. 

*B1TARTRATE, adj. (chim.) bi- 

*BITENTACULfi, adj. with two 
ten taenia. 

*BITERNE, adj. (hot.) bitemate. 

*BITESTACE, adj. (mol.) uni- 
valve operculated shell. 

*BITESTAC£S, s. m. pi. el adj. 
(crust.) a family of Crustacea. 

BITHIENNES, s. /. pi. (myth.) 

BITO, s. m. (Africa), Bito. 

twine, spun-yam. 

(bol.) term applied to the crown 
of the synanthera when compo- 
sed of two or three flowers. 

BITTER, V. a. v. 3, (mar.) to bit. 

BITTERN, 3. m. (mother water,) 

BITTES, s.f. pi. (of a cable), bitts. 

BITTON, s. m. post fixed on a 
wharf or pier for mooring a gal- 
ley to. BiTTONS, pi. the top- 
sail-sheet bitts, the Imight-heads, 
kevel-heads, and the hke. 

BITTURE, s. /. (mar.) bitter or 
range of the cable. 

*BITUBERCULE, adj. (mol.erU.) 
with two tubercles. 

*BITUME, bi-tum, s. m. bitume, 
bitumen. Bitume de jud^e, v. 


*BITUMINEU-X, SE, bi-tu-ml- 
nfea, n^uz, adj. bituminous. 

*BITU]MINIFERE, adj. (min.) 
impregnated with bitumen. 

conversion of organic substances 
into bitumen. 

*BITUNGSTATE, s. m. (chim.) 

*BITUNIQU6, adj. (n. h.) with 
two integuments. 


♦BIVALVE, s.f. et adj. (mol.) bi- 
valve, bivalvular. 

♦BIVALVES, adj. el s. /. pi. (bot. 
mol.) bivalve ; (mol.) an order of 

♦BIVALVULfi, adj. bi-valvcd. 

♦BIVANADATE, s. m. (chim.) a 
peculiar salt of vanadium. 

♦BIVARIQUEUX, adj. (mol.) a 
marginella so called. 

♦BIVENTER, s. m. (anat.) (mus- 
cle), biventer, digastricus. 

♦BIVENTRE, adj. V. Digas- 


♦BIVERRUQUEUX, adj. (ent.) a 
coccinella so called. 

BIVIAIRE, adj. that leads two 
ways, bivious. 

BIVOIE, s.f. parting of a road. 

BIVOUAC ou Bivac, bl-vak, s.m. 
(mil.) bivouac. 

♦I3IXA, s.m. (shrub), bixa, annolta 

♦BIXINEES, s.f. pi. (bot.) 
a family of plants. 

BIZARRE, bl-zar,a4?. subst. odd, 
fantastical, singular, strange, 
whimsical, extravagant, unac- 
countable. Temps — , strange 
[Bizarre : un bizarre homme, une 

bizarre opinion, are not said ; une 

bizarre humeur might be said. See 

BIZARREMENT, bl-zar-raan, 
adv. oddly, fantastically, whim- 
[BizarreTnent, after the verb; 

between the auxil. and the verb.] 

BIZARRERIE, bl-zar-rl, s.f. ca- 
price, extravagance, whim, sin- 
gularity pddness, fantasticalness. 

♦BIZINCIQUE, adj. (chim.) a pe- 
culiar salt of zinc. 

♦BIZIRCONIQUE, adj. (chim.) a 
peculiar salt of zircon. 

♦BIZONE, adj.(n.h.) marked with 
two zones. 



BLAFARD, E, bla-ftr, lard, ad;", 
pale, dull, wan. Lumiire — e, 
dim light. Y. PAle. 
[Blafard generally follows the 


BLAGUE, s. /. tobacco pouch. 
Blague, fudge, humbug, hoax. 

BLAGUER, V. n. v. 3, to hoax, to 
humbug, to tell thumping lies. 

BLAGUEUR, s. m. hoaxer, hum- 
bug, (pop.) 

♦BLAIREAU, bl4-r5, s.m. badger 

BLAMABLE, bla-mabl, adj. 
blameable, faulty, culpable. 

BLAME, bl4m, s. m. blame, re- 
proach, obloquy, disapprobation, 
reprehension, reprimand. 

BLAMER, bU-md, 11. a. v. 3, to 
blame, to censure, to accuse, to 
disapprove, to carp at, to find 
fault with. BlImer (jut.) to re- 

BLANC, HE, blan, blansh, adj. 
white. Per — , tin plate. Gdie 
■ — he, hoar frost, white frost. Ar- 
gent — , silver (in opposition to 
fold). Ecu — , crown-piece. 
Heurs — hes, whites in women,. 
Armes — lies, any arms but fire- 
arms. £pie — he, naked sword. 
Eau — 7te,water with bran thrown 
into it. Billet — , a Wane. — signi, 
— seing, blanc signature. BiUel 








rib, lord 






bit, brujj. 

-<(2e lolerie), a blank, a blank 
ticket. Vers — », blank verso. 
Carte — he, a set of cards with- 
out any picture or court-card in 
them. Avoir carte — he, to have 
none but small cards. Avoir 
carte — he, to have full power, 
to be at liberty to do what one 
thinks fit. Le b&ton — ^ la main, 
without arms or baggage. £tre 
ridmt au b&ton — , to be beggar- 
ed, to be brought to beggarj-. Se 
fairv. — de son epee, to brag much 
of one's credit and interest. 
Blanc, clean. £)u livge, — , clean 
linen. Metlre queipi'un en ieaux 
draps — s, to speak ill of one, to 
slander him. 

\Blanc constantly follows the 
noun in prose, except in the 
phrase : c'est bonnet blanc et blnnc 

Blanc, s. m. white — d'E^fiagne, 
whiting. — de druse, ceruse. — 
de plmnb, calx of lead, white 
lead. — de poulel, de volaiUe, a 
slice of the breast of a fowl. 
Lime en — , a book in quires or 
in sheets. Rotisseur en — , a 
poulterer that sells his poultry 
quite ready for the spit or the 
pan. Chapeaux en — , hats before 
they are dyed. Donnex dans le 
— , to hit the mark. Tirer de but 
en — , to shoot point-blank. De 
but en — , bluntly, openly. Boire 
dans son — , is said of a horse 
when the tipof his nose is whit« 
down to his mouth. 
Blanc, he, s. m. et f. Fils d'un — 
et d^une nigresse, the son of a 
white and a negress. Blanc (a 
coin) blank. Six — s, a penny 
farthing, Mettre un homme au — , 
to win all the money a man has 
got, to break him. U va du — au 
noir, he runs upon extremes. 
Faire une chose a his ou cL — , to 
do a thing by fair means or by 
foul. Blanc de perle, magistery 
of bismuth. Blanc miU d'incar- 
•nat, carnaggione marble. Blanc 
DE baleine, s. m. spermaceti. 
BLANC-BEC, blan-b6k, s. m. u. 
^novice, a greenhorn. 

[Blanc-bec, plur. des blancs-becs,] 
s. m. (bat.) the spawn of the mush- 

BLANC-MANGER, s. m. (puis.) 
■ blanc-manger (pronounced blan- 

BLANC-SEING, Blanc-Signe, 
s. m. blank signature. 

^Blanc-seing, plur. des blancs- 

BLANCHAILLE,blan-shS.?, «./. 
fry, small fish. 

BLANCHARD, «. m. (linen) Man- 

BLANCHATRE, blan-shitr,o4/. 
whitish, somewhat white, albu- 

[Bhnchatre follows the noun.] 
♦BLANCnrNINE, s. /. (chim.) 
alcaloid foimd in the cinchona 

BLANCHE, blansh,*./. a minim 
(in music). 

Blanche (la mer), s. /. White 
Sea. ' 

BLANCHEMENT, blansh-man, 
adv. cleanly. 
[Blanchetnent after the verb.] 

BLANCHER, s.m. (tanner) blan- 

BLANCHERIE, s. /. V. Blan- 


BLANCHET, s. m. (in printing) 

blanket, strainer. 

BLANCHEUR, blan-sh«ur, <,. f. 
ivh i ts riG ss 

BLANCHI, E.part. de Blanchir. 
v. 4, whitened, made or grown 
white, washed. 

s. m. bleaching, whitening linen- 
cloth. Le — de I'argent, the wash 
to whiten silver.— des feuUles de 

fer-hlanc, scouring. 

BLANCHIR, blan-shlr, v. a. v. 4, 
to whiten, to make wbite, to 
whitewash, to wash, to bleach, 
to make clean, to blanch. Elle 
bkmchit, she is a washerwoman. 
On me bJanchit, they pay for my 
washing. Blancbie, to blanch, 
to parboil (fn^ts, greens, etc.) 
Blanchir, to clear. Qui Vont 
entihemeni blanchi, who have en- 
tirely cleared him. Blanchir, 
to plane, to polish. 

Blanchir, », n. to whiten, to grow 
white. II commence d — , he be- 
gins to grow gray-haired or hoary. 
Blanchir, to foam. Blanchir, 
to grow old. — sous le harnais, to 
grow old in any employment, 
Celaneferaqve — ,thatwill prove 

BLANCHISSAGE, blan-shi-saz, 
s.m. washing. Faire le — . to wash. 

whitish. Jaune — , a wbitisn yel- 

BLANCHISSERIE, blan-shis-rl, 
s. f. a bleach-yard or field, whit- 
ster's ground. 

BL ANCHISSEUR, blan-sh i-s4ur 
s. m. bleacher, whitster, whiter. 
Blanchisseh-r, se, s. m. et f. a 
washerwoman, a laundress. 

BLANDICES, s. f. pi (old) blan- 
dishments, enticements, soft 
words. . 

BLANQUE, blank, s.f. a sort of 
lottery, blank. IVouDeH— , tomiss 
a thing, to be balked. Hasard, i 
la—, come what may, fall back, 
fall edge. 

BLANQUETTE, blan-i^t, s, /. 
(pear) blanquet or blanket. Blan- 
auETTE {cuis.) a blanquet. Blan- 
QUETTE, a sort of small white 
wine, a sort of small beer. 

BLANQUIERoM Blantier, s. m. 
clock or watch movement inaker. 

*BLANQUININE. V. Blanchi- 

*BL APSIDES, at?;, el s.m. pi. Ifint.) 
a tribe of coleoptera. 

BLAQUE, s.f. V. Blague. 

BLASER, bfil-zd, v. a. v. 3, to 
blunt, to pall. Blaser, to divest 
of feeling or sensibility, to blunt, 
deaden or blast the sensibilities, 
to cloy, pall or sicken, to case- 

SE Blaser, v. r. v. 3, to impair 

one's health, to ruin one's consti- 
tution (by hard drinking). 

BLASON, bli-zon, s. m. heraldry, 
blazon, blazonry. Blason, arms, 
^ coat of arms, achievement, 

BLASONNER, t)la-z6-na, v. a. 
V. 3, to blazon. Blasonner, to 
traduce, to blacken, to defame, 

BLASONNEUR, s, m. herald. 

blas-f4-ma-lSur, tris, s. m. etf. 

BLASPHfeMATOIRE, blas-f4- 
ma-twar, adj. blasphemous. 
[Bhsphiimitoire generally fol- 
lows the noun.] 

BLASPHEME, blas-ffem, s. m. 

BLASPHEMER, blas-fj-ma, v. 
n. et a, V. 77, to, blaspheme, to 
curse, to revile, God. 

*BLASTE, s.m.(bot.) t. applied to 
a part of the embryo. 

*BLASTEME, s.m. (bot.) the ve- 
getable embryo, without the co- 

■►BLASTESE, s.f. (bot.) the deve- 
Jopement of the lichens. 

*BLASTOCARPE, adj. (bot.) the 
embryo which buds before leav- 
ing the pericarp. 

*BLASTODERME, s, m. mem- 
braniform body found in the egg. 

*BLAST0GEN£SIE, s. f. (bot:) 
the multiplication of plants by 
means of buds. 

*BLAST0GRAPHIE, s. f. (hot.) 
treatise on the bud. 

■►BLASTOPHORE, s. m. (bot.) that 
part of the embryo which beata 
the blasle. 

*BLASTOSPORES, adj. et s.m. pi 
(ioi,) a section of lichens, 

BLATIER, bla-tia, s, m. corn- 
merchant, corn-factor, corn-chan- 
dler, dealer in corn, 

*BLATTAIRE, s.f. yellow moth- 

BLATT AIRES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(ent.) a family of orthoptera. 

*BLATTE, s. m. (ent.) the cock- 
roach; s.f. a moth. 

BLAUDE, s.f. V. Blohse. 

BLAVfeOLE, s.f V. Bluet. 

BLE (terminaison). V. Adle. 

BLE ou Bled, bid, s, m. wheat, 
com. —fromeni, wheat. — seigle, 
rye. Grands — s, wheat, rye, 
Petits — , oats, barley, — de 
mars, avrillet, — miteil, corn, half 
of which is wheat, and half! rye. 
— de Vurquie, — d'lnde, — d'Es- 
pagne ou mtiis, maize, Indian 
corn. — de Guinie, sergum, Indian 
millet. — d'dbondance, Smyrna 
wheat, — noir, — sarrasin, buck- 
wheat, — barbu, gray-wheat, duck 
bill wheat, gray-pollard, 

BLftCHE, adj. subst. a weak, poor, 
irresolute creature; one thathas 
no resolution, milk-sop. (Little 
used.) Foire — , very soft pear. 

*BLECHNOIDES, adj. el s.f. pi 
(bot.) a section of polypodiacem 

*BLECHROPYRE, s.f. (med.) an 
asthenic, slow, nervous fever. 




bir, bat, b^Be 

antique . 


Jbb, ov^r, j^une 




♦BLEIME, s. /. {vet.) bleyme. 
ELfiME, bI4m, adj. sickly, pale, 

pallid, wan. 

[BUme generally follows the 
BL£MIR, bla-mlr, v. n. v. 4, to 

grow pale. (Little used.) 
BLEMISSEMENT, s. m. pale. 

ness, growing or turning pale, 

BLENDE, s.f blende ore. 
"BLENNELYTRIE, s. f. (jned.) 

vaginal catarrh, leuconhosa. 
*BLENNENTERIE, s. /. {med.) 

•BLENNIOIDES, adj. et s. m. pi. 

iwh.) a femily of fishes. 
*BLE1NNISTHRUIE, s. /. (med.) 

catarrh of the pharynx and la- 

(med.) blennoplithalmia. 
*BLENNOPYRIE, s. f. (ma?.) 

raucous fever. 
*BLBNNORRHINE, s. /. (me(f.) 

•BLENNORRHAGIE, s./. (maf.) 


(med.) pertaining to blennorr- 
BLENNORRHEE, ». /. (med.) 

*BLENNOSE, s.f. Blennoses, s. 
/. pi. {mid.) catarrh of the mucous 

*BLENN0TH0RAX, s. m. {med.) 

pulmonary catarrh. 
*BLENNOTORRHfiE, s.f. {med.) 

"BLENNURETHRIE, s.f. {med.) 

"BLENNUftlE.s./. {med.) catarrh 
of the bladder. 

*BLEPHARE, s.m. (io(.) the teeth 

surrounding the urn of the musci. 


fence. Qui se Hesse aisiment, | veux. The poets frequently use 
who easily takes offence. this version : le hlond Piidbus.] 

*BLESSISSEMENT, s. m. {hot.) ! Blond, s. m. fair, light colour. — 

change which certain fruits un- 
dergo ; ripening, softening. 

BLESSURE, bl4-s4r, s.f. wound, 
cut, hurt. 

BLET, E, adj. soft, over-ripe, half- 
rotten (fruit). 

*BL£TISSURE. r. Blessisse- 


*BLETTE, s./. blite, strawber- 

BLEU, E, bl^u, adj. blue, ceru- 
lean. Cordon — , a knight of the 
Holy-Ghost. Cordon — , a first- 
rate cook. Conies-^— s, old wives' 
stories. Cendres — es, blue ashes, 
artificial carbonate of copper. 
Parti — {mil.) marauders. 

Bleu, s. m. blue, blueness. — 
d'lnde, indigo. — dePrusse, Ptas- 
sian-blue.— «'oirfrcmer, ultrama- 
rine. — de moniagne ou minhal, 
csernleum montanum, mountain- 
blue. - — d'imnil, d'a/zur^ smalt, 
powder blue. — turquin, blue tur- 
quin marble. Mettre une carpe 
au — , to dress a carp in such a 
manner that it looks bluish. Bleu 
{mar.) a temporary or acting offi- 
cer doing the duty of an absent 
or sick one. 
[Bleu constantly follows the 

noun in prose.] 

BLEUATRE, bUu-itre, adj. blu- 
ish, somewhat blue. 
[Blcualre always follows the 


BLEUET, s. m.V. Bluet. 

BLEUETTE, s.f. F. Blhette. 

BLEUIR, blSu-lr, v. a. v. 4, to 
make blue, to blue. 

*BLEUISSANT, adj. {lot.) tend- 
ing to become blue. 

*BLEUISSEMENT, s.m. change 
of colour to blue. 

•Kit-PTiAPTTP . f i^.'j< ;„ BLIN, s. m. {mar.) wooden ma- 
?ir^^,^n iTfh. -^-vT -^ '"■ chine to drive the wedges from 
S™"?"f"5f''jf,t?,^''''- , under a^hip's bottom when she 

*ELtPB.tR(EOEME,s.m.{med.)' • • - *^ • - 
flsderaa of the eyelids. 

•BLfiPHAROGLOTTE,adJ. {bat.) 
an orchis so called. 

•BLEPHAROPHORE, adj. {bol.) 
a paspalus. so called. 

»BL£PHAR0TIS, s. f. {med.) sy- 
nonymous with BUpharite. 

BLEPHARONCOSE, 5. /. {med.) 
tumour of the eyelids. 

{med.) syn. with BUpharite, 

•BLfePHAROPLfiorE.s./. {med.) 
paralysis of the eyelids. 

*BLEPHAROPTOSIS, s.f. {med.) 
falling down of the superior pal- 

•BLESITfi, s.f. {med.) lisping. 

BLESS6, part, de Blesser, v. 3, 
wounded, hurt, diseased, disor- 

BLESSER, bl4-sd,D. a. v. 3, to 
wound, to cut, to hurt, to pinch, 
to offend, to grate, to fret, to 
wring, to gall. 

SK Blesser, v. r. v. 3, lo hurt or 
cut one's self; {fig.) to take of- 

is to be launched. 

BLINDAGE, s. m. blinding. 

BLINDER, 11. a. y. 3, to blind a 
trench, to cover with blinds. 

BLINDES, s. /. pi. {fort.) blinds 
or blindes. 

BLOC, bl6k, s. m. lump, bulk. 
Aclieter en — , to buy in a lump. 
Bloc, block, log.-^e hois {mar.) 

BLOCAGE, blA-kaz, ». m. Blo- 
CAiLLE, s. f. pieces of rough 
stones, rugged stones, rubbish, 
shards, to fill up walls with. 
Blocage (in printing) turned 
letter, turning. 

BLOCHET, s. m. tire-piece, block. 

BLOCKHAUS {fort:) blockhouse. 

BLOCUS, blfi-iftsi s. m. blockade. 

BLOND, E, blon,blond,adj".flaxen, 
fair, light. Barbe —re, flaxen 
beard. Une femme — e, a fair 
woman. Une sauce — e {cUis.) 
brown sauce, {fam.) 11 est dili- 
cal et — , he is more nice than 
{Blond may in certain cases 

precede the noun : ses blonds che- 

ardent, fiery red. — dorij — de 
filasse, flaxen, of a light yellowish 
colour. Un grand — , a tall fair- 
complexioned man. Blond de 
veau, {cuis.) veal gravy. 

BLONDE, s.f. blond, blond-lace. 

BLONDIER, 5. m. blond-lace-ma- 

BLONDIN, E, blftn-din, din, s.m. 
et f. a fair-complexioned man or 
woman. Vn — , a spark, a beau, 
a gallant. 

BLONDIR, blon-dlr, v. n. v. 4, to 
grow light or fair, {obs.) 

BLONDISSANT, E, adj. v. yel- 
lowish, golden, {poet, obs.) 

BLONDOYER, v. n. v. 72, to look 

*BLONGIOS, s. m. {orn.) ardeola. 

BIXJQUER, bl6-44, v. a. v. 3, to 
block up. Bloquer, (term of 
masonry,) to fill up (the cavities). 
BLoauER UTie bille (in billiards) 
to drive a ball into the hazard. 
Blociuer, (in printing,) to turn 
for letters. BLoauER ou bloc- 


BLOT, s. m. log-line. Blot, (in 

BLOTTI, E, part, de se Blottir, v. 
4, squat. 

SE BLOTTIR, s«-bl5-tir, v. r. v. 
4, to squat, to lie squat orr cower- 
ing, to lie close to the ground. 

BLOUSE, bl6oz, s. fjam hazard 
(of a billiard-table.)^ Blouse, a 

BLOUSER, bl6o-za, ». a. v. 3, to 
drive, a ball into the hazard. *jtZ 
m'a blousi, he has cheated or de- 
ceived rae, (fig., et fam.) Se 
blouser, to mistake, to be in the 
wrong box. 

*BLUET, blast, s. m. {plant) 

BLUETTE, bia-St, s. f. a spark, 
flake of fire, scale of hot iron. 

BLUTAGE, s. m. bolting. 

blu-twar, s. m. bolter, a bolting- 

BLUTER, bia-ta, ». a. v. 3, to 
bolt, to sifl. 

BLUTERIE, blitrrl, s.f. bolting- 

BOA, s. m. a (serpent) boa. Boa, 
boa (fur). 

BOBECHE, b5lbSsh, s.f. socket. 

BOBIN, s. m. bobbin. 

BOBINE, b5-bln, s. /. bobbin, 
quill to wind silk, etc. 

BOBINER, b5-bi-na, v. a. ». 3, 
to wind on a bobbin. 

BOBINEUSE, s. f. windster, 

BOBO, b&-b6, s. m. a small ailment, 
a little hurt. 

SOCAGE, b6-ka2, s. m. grove. 

BOCAG-ER, ERE,b6-ka-zd,aJr, 
adj. frequenting, living in woods 
or groves; rural. 

BOCAL, b6-cal, pi. BocAUX, s. m, 
bocal. V. Matpas. Bocal, 
mouth-piece, (of a trumpet.) 

BOCARD ou BocAMERE, s. m, 


field, fig, vin: r6be, r6b, 16rd, m6od, h6od, v6s, mora: bftse, bit, brun. 

BOCARDER, v. a. v. 3, to stamp, 
to pound with stampers. 

BOCCA d'isferno, s. /. ignis 

*BOCHET, s. m. [med.) second de- 
coction of sudorific wood. 

BODRUCHE. V. Baodruche. 

"BODIANITES, adj. el s. m. pi. 
(ick.) a tribe of sparoides. 

»BOEHMfiRIEES, adj. et 
(boi.) a group of the urticese. 

*BOEMYCEES, adj. el s. f. pi. 
(.bol.) a tribe of lichens. 

*BOIDES, adj. et s. m. pi. {rep.) 
a family of ophidii. 

BOEUF, b6uf, pi. BOEUFS, b^u, s. 
m. ox, neat. JDu — , beef. — de 
labour, steer, bullock, a labour- 
ing ox. Accouplert decoupler les 
— s, to yoke, to unyoke the oxen. 
Un nerf de — , a bull's pizzle. 
Du — ala mode, a-la-modc-beef 
Piece de — tremUante, buttock 
of beef Machoirede — , ox-cheek. 
Mart aux — s {plant) ox-bane. 
OEil de — {plant) ox-eye. Un 

— a duU-pated fellow, blockhead, 
booby. OEil de — , {arch.) eye, 
bull's eye. BoEUF d'Afrique. 


BOEUF DE MER ou Phocas, s. 
m. seal, phoca, sea-calf, bomarin. 

*BOGGO, s. m. {baboon,) mandril. 

*BOGUE, s. m. {ich.) hogaj boca, 
or hoops, (to.) echinated capsule. 

BOHEME,^ BoHEMiEN, BohiSmi- 
ENNE, bo-a-mien, miln, 8. m. el 
J. gipsies, gipsy man or woman. 
Une -maison de — , a disorderly 

BOIARD, «. m. (a noble) boyar, 

*BOICININGA, s. m. rattlesnake. 

*B01CUABA, s. m. (serpent of 
Peru) boicuaiba. 

*BOIGUACA, s. m. fserpent of 
India) boiguapu. 

BOIRE, bvvar, v. a. v. 41, to drink, 
to carouse, to quaflE — gloaton- 
Ttement, to gulp, to guzzle. — un 
doigt de vin, to drink a drop of 
wine. A la glace, with ice ; — 
irien, — sec, — d'autant, to drink 
hard or briskly. — & sa soif, 
to drink only when one is dry. 
* — a lire-larigot, — comme un 
iemplier, — comme un trou, to 
drink like a fish, to be a good 
toper. A — , some drink, give 
me some drink. Chansons A — , 
drinking, convivial songs. — 
un affront, to put up with an af- 
front. — le calice, to submit to 
a hardship that is unavoidable. 

— fe vin de I'itrier, to take the 
stirrup cup. H me fallul — la 
raiUerie,l was fain to putup with 
the jest. Le popier boit, the 
paper sinks or blots. Faire — 
une peau dans Veau, to soak a 
skin ra water. 

BoiRK, s. m. drink, drinking. 

BOIS, bwi, ». m. a wood, forest. 
Vn — de haute futaie, a wood of 
lofty trees.- — t6uffu, thick. Petit 
— , plantation; ' — marmenleatix, 
a park. Un — tailKs, a coppice, 
a copse, underwood. Bouquet 

de. — , a clump of trees. En plein 
— , in the very midst of the forest. 
Boi?, wood, timber. *Bois d'aigle 
ou d'aloes, lignum aloes, wood 
aloes, agallochum, calambac. — 
amer de Surinam, de quassie, 
quassia wood ; de iambuu, bam- 
boo ; de baume, true balsam-tree ; 
benoist Jin, de firoles, marbri, 
salmi, satin-wood ; de Brisil, de 
Femambouc, Brazil-wood, coca, 
puant ou de Cavalam, Kavalara, 
anagyris, bean trefoil; de Cam- 
piche, d'Inde, de la Jamaique, 
Campeachy-wood, log-wood ; a 
canon, V. Ambaika ; de Cayan, 
simarouba; de chandeVe, de citron, 
de jasmin, lignum citri ; de Chy- 
pre, de rose, rose-wood ; de cou- 
le'ivre, lignum colubrinum; de 
Cranganor, ^aiwie, pavetta ; dur, 
d'or, du Canada, Canada yoke- 
elm ; defer, iron-wood; de Fuslel, 
cotinuscoriaria; de gaiac,lignum 
vitse; gentU, V. Biondella; de 
fiTenadiZZe,grenadilla,red ebony; 
immortel, coral-wood ; de letlres, 
lignum iitteratum ; niphrdtique, 
guilandina; de mhhe, V. Kara- 
tas; de la palile, small stick 
dipped in dragon's-blood ; quin- 
quina des jlhires, malphigia of 
Guiana; de Sainte-Lucie, maha- 
lep; de sassafras, sassafras; ve7't, 
green ebony ; violet, rouge, de la 
Chine, de flambeau, depaUxandre, 
violet ebony. Bois de brin, wood 
untouched by the saw. Solives 
de brin, joists of solid timber. 
C^est un beau brin d*homme, he is 
a fine young stripling. — de bout, 
endways ; d'4quarrissage,snuare 
timber ; en grume, round timber. 
— de sciage, sawn timber ; de re- 
fend, cleft timber; posd sur la, 
' maille ou sur son fori, }aid upon 
the quarter-grain; posd sur son 
faible, laid upon the felt-grain; 
d^echantiUon, planks; vermoulu, 
worm-eaten timber ; qui se tour- 
mente, qui travaille, qui se dijelte, 
timber that warps. — cliaiblis, 
wind-fallen wood. Mart -r-, 
brambles, briars, etc. Bois — , 
de mature, roasts; d'arrimagc, 
fathom-wood ; ie rebut, refuse 
wood,; de dimolition, old timber; 
de chauffage, fire-vvood. — rand, 
— de quartier, — neuf, cord-wood. 
— flotti, floated virodd. -Struts, 
rough trees; courfons, cpmpa^- 
timber ; droits, straight tiihbers ; 
d'araignie, crow-fopt ; a chauffer 
les vaisseaux, breaming fagots. 
Faire du — , to get wood. Une 
vote de — , a load of wood (a sort 
of measure of wood). , Mouleur 
de — , wood-meter. ,Unlirainde 
— , a float of wood (in a river). 
Jeter du' — A — perdu, to throw 
logs of wood into the stream, t— 
canards, sinking wood. {Fam. 
et prov.) Trouver visage de — , 
to find the door shut. C'est la 
force du — ,. it is a trick of youth. 
Abattre Wen du — , to be a great 
man at ninepins and backgam- 
mon. 7Z est grand ahalteur de — , 
he is a great dispatcher of busi- 

ness. , Uti — de lit, a bedstead. 
— de selle, saddle-tree. — di 
balle, (in printing) ball-stocK. 
Bois fossile, fossil or petrified 
wood. Bois, the horns or head 
of a deer. Porter Men son — , to 
be of a fine shape, and walk gen- 
teelly. Bois, tree, cross. 

BOISAGE, bwa-zaz, s. m. timber, 

B0IS6, E, part. adj. woody, 
abounding with vcoods. Chambre 
boish, a wainscoted room. 

BOISER, bwa-zd, «. a. v. 3, to 

BOISERIE, bwaz-ri, «. /. wain- 
scot, wainscoting. 

BOISEU-X, SE, bwa-zfeu, zeuz, 
adj. woody, ligneous. 

BOIS-LE-DUC, s m. (Brabant) 
Bois-le-Duc, Bolduc. 

BOISSEAU, X, bwa-s&, s.m. bu- 
shel. X)emi-boisseau, half a bu- 

BOISSEL^E, s.f a bushel,bushel- 
ful. Une — de terre, as much 
ground as a bushel of wheat will 

BOISSELIER, bwas-lia, s. m. a 

BOISSON, bwa-son, s. /. drink, 
drinking, liquid, potation. Di- 
bauche de — , potation. ,Boisson 
pilusienne, he^er. 

BOITE, bwit, s. /. ripeness, ma- 
turity of wine. 

BOITE, s. /. box. — de presse, 
the hose of a printer's press. — ■ 
aux letlres, a letter-box. *Meitre 
quelqu'un dans la — aux caiUoux, 
to put one in prison. BoItes, 
m^mteur de, watchcase-maker. 
BolTE ou Noix, box or drill-bar- 
rel. BoIte, {mil.) mortar. 

BOITER, bwa-ta, v. n. v. 3, to go 
or be lame, to walk lame, to 
limp, to halt, to hobble. En 
boitartt, limpinriy. 

BOITEU-X, SE. adj. sulst. lame, 
halt, hobbling, {adj.) a cripple, a 
lame or limping man or woman. 

BOiTIEE,.bwa-t 1 i,s.m.hax, sur- 
geon's box. BoItier, jewel-case, 

*B0J0BI, s. m. (serpent of Brazil) 
boiobi. ' 

BOKARA, .t.m. (Tartary) Bokkara. 

BOL ou Bolus, b61, b5-l&s, s. m. 
{med.) bolus. Bol, bole, terra 
sigillata. — d'Arminie, Armenian 
bole. Bol, bowl. Un — de punch, 
a bowl of punch. 

*B0LA1RE, adj. {min.) bolary. 
Terre — , bolus. 

*BOLET, ,1. m. {bot.) boletus cer- 

*B0L6TATE, s. m. {chim.) salts 
of boletic acid and a base. 

*BOLfeTIFORME, adj. {zoo.) 

*BOLETIN, adj. {bol.) inhabiting 
the boleti. 

*BOLfiTIQUE, adj. acid foufld 
in the Boletus pseudo-igniarius'. 

*BOLt;TITE, s.f. {min.) boletite 

*BOLETOiDES, adj. et s. m. pL 
{bot.) a section of the fungi, 







antique : 


4bb, ovir, j^une 




'BOLETS, s. m. pi. {hot.) a group 

of tlie fungi. 

'BOLITE, s. m. (meteor.) fire-ball. 

BOLLANDISTES, s. m. pi the 


BOLUS, s. m. V. BoL. 

BOLZAS, s. m. a sort of cotton- 
*BOM, s. m. (serpent of Brazil) 


*BOMBACEES, adj. el (hot.) 

a family of plants. 
BOMBAIN ouBoMBAV, s.m.(Asia) 


BOMBANCE, bon-bans,s./. feast- 
ing, junketing. Faire^, to feast, 

to junket, to live luxuriously; 

BOMBARDE, bon-bard, s. /. 

bomb-ketch, bomb-vessel. Bom- 

BARDij;, full organ. 
BOMBARDEMENT, bon-bard- 

man, s. m. bombardment, bom- 
BOMBARDER, bon-bar-dd, v. 3, 

to bombard. 
BOMBARDIER, bon-bar-dla, s. 

m. bombardier. *Bombaedier ou 

Cano.nnier, (en(.) cicindela. 
BOMBASIN, bon-ba-zin, s. m. 

BOMBE, boTib, s.f. bomb. 
BOMBE, E, adj. arched, (said of 

wood) incurvated, warped. 
BoMBE, E, part. Verres homhh, 

convex, oval glasses. 
BOMBEMENT, boHb-man, s. m. 

swelling, bunching out, convex- 
BOJMBER, bon-ba, v. a. v. 3, to 

swell, bulge, jut or bunch out. 
Bomber, v. n. v. 3, to bulge. 
BOMBEUR, s. m. a manufacturer, 

a dealer in convex glasses. 
*BOMBIATE, s. m. (cUm.) salt of 

bombic acid and a base. 
*BOMBICAL, adj. (enl.) said of a 

butterfly resembling a bombyx. 

■m. pi. {rep.) a family of batracii. 
•BOMBIQUE.a<«,(cAim.) bombic. 
*BOMBOMYDES, adj. et s. /. pi. 

{ent) a section of myodaria. 
»BOIVIBYCE, s.m. (ent.) silk-worm, 

moth, bombyx. 
*BOMBYCIDES. Bombycites, 

adj. et s. m. pi. (en(.) a family of 

nocturnal lepidoptera. 
»BOMBYCIVORE, adj. (eni.) that 

which lives on the caterpillar of 

the bombyx. 
•BOMBYLIAIRES, adj. et s. m. 

pi. ient.) a tribe of diptera. 
*BOMBYLIDES, Bombyliers, 

Bombvlies, adj. et s. f. pi. (ent.) 

a family of diptera. 
•BOMBYLIIFERE, adj. (hot.) an 

ophrys so called. 

BOMERIE, b6m-ri. s.f. bottomry. 
BON, Bonne, b5n, bfin, adj. good. 

Avoir la main — ne, avoir une 

— ne main, to write a good hand. 

— nefoi, fairness, plain dealing, 

uprightness. Faire — ne c/tere, 

to live luxuriously. Faire — ne 

mine a Tnauvais jeu, to set the 
• best face on the matter. Bon, 

good, kind Un — homme, a good 

man. II est — pour tout, he is 
kind to all, (fam.) Un — homme, 
a harmless fellow. V. Bon 
Homme. Bon, good, fit. Fruit 
— a manger, fruit good to cat. — 
a prendre, worth taking. A quoi 
— tantdepeinea ? to what purpose 
do we lake so much trouble? 
Bon, good, favourable, fine, con- 
venient, wholesome. — o£ice, 
good office, favour. — ne nourri^ 
tare, wholesome food. Bon, good, 
companionable, easy to live with, 
good-natured, easy. C'eit an — 
compagnon, un — vivant, un — en- 
fant, un — gargon, un — diable, un 
— opo^re, he is a good companion, 
a good fellow, a man of good fel- 
lowship, a companionable man, 
a jolly dog, (fam. pop.) C'est 
une — Tie am£, une — ne piece, un 

— hec, une — ne bite, un — drble, 
he is an honest fellow, a good 
soul, an arch blade, etc. Avoir 

— pied, to be a stout walker. R 
a — pied, — ceil, he is brisk and 
vigorous. II a encore le casur — , 
he is vigorous still. Les hons- 
hommes, an order of friars, also 
called Minimes. BoN, good, 
great, large, long. Un — vaurien, 
a good-for-nothing wretch. Bon, 
honjour, monsieur, good morning, 
sir. Bonjour et — a/i, I wish you 
a happy new year. C'est aujour- 
d'hui un — jour, this is a high 
festival. Les — nes fetes, high 
festivals. Faire son — jour, to 
receive the sacrament. II est 
encore de — ne lieure, it is early 
yet. A la — ne heure, in time, in 
the nick of time. Ala — ne heure, 
well and good, with all my heart, 
be it so. — quart devaniJ (mar.) 
look out afore there ! — temps, 
pastime, diversion, pleasure. Se 
donner du — make merry, 
to divert one's self. Bon, Trouver 
— , to approve, to like, to allow 
of, to relish. Copier — , to cost 
exceedingly dear. Tenir — , to 
hold out, to continue steadfast, 
to persist. Faire — de, to engage 
to pay both for one's self and 
others. Faire les deniers — s, to 
be bound for the payment of the 
sum in hand. II fait — en France, 
ilfail — vivre en France, it is good 
living in France; la hailler, la 
donner — ne d guelqu'un, to put 
upon one, to humbug one. La 
lui ^arder — ne, to owe one a 
kindness, to watch an opportu- 
nity of revenge, to owe one u 
grudge. Faire — visage d. quel- 
qu'un, lui faire — ne mine, — 
accueU, to receive one graciously, 
to give him a gracious reception. 
Cela fait — ne oouche, that leaves 
a, pleasant taste in the mouth. 
Ji^tre hfmime d — nes fortunes, to 
be successful with the fair sex. 
It y ya de — ne foi, he is sincere. 
Avoir une chose d. — compte, to 
have a thing cheap. Faites tou- 
jours cela d — compte, do that 
nevertheless. A tout — compte 
revenir, saving errors in reckon- 
ing; errors excepted. Ma — ne, 

(fam.) my dear. 11 est — Id, that'll 
very good; excellent indeed! 
Que vous Stes — ne I what a sim- 
pleton you are ! Metlre quelqu'un 
sur le —pied, to bring one to his 

Bon, s. m. good quality, what is 
good in a thing. Bon, the best, 
the cream, ie — de Vaffnire est 
que, etc., the best of the story is, 
that, etc. Le — du conie, the 
cream of the story. Du — du 
coeur, de — cceur, heartily. De — 
nefoi, sincerely. Le revendni — , 
the clear gain or neat profit ac- 
cruing to one for transacting an 
afTair. 11 a cent 6cus de — , there 
is a hundred crowns clear. Ih 
ont eu du — dans cette action, they 
got the better of the enemy in 
that action. 
BoN,_7?art. int. well, right; pshaw. 
— ,je suis content de cela, well or 
right, I like that. Tout de — , in 
BoN, s. OT. an order, a grant. — sur 
le trisor, an order upon the trea- 

[Bon when alone constantly 
precedes the noun : un ban homme ; 
if accompanied by another prepo- 
sitive adject, both precede: un 
ban et brave homme. Should the 
accompanying adject, not be a 
prepositive, both follow: un homme 
bon elginireux, (see Generedx ;) 
may follow the noun if preceded 
by an adverb : du vin ires-bon, ez- 
tremcment hon, etc. Bon preceded 
by a noun or personal pronoun go- 
verns a : cet oiseau est bon a man- 
ger ; preceded by the impersonal 
verb il est, il sera, etc. bon governs 
de : il est ban de V entendre.'] 
Bonne aventure, ii. /. one's for- 
tune. Vne diseuse de bonne aven- 
ture, a fortune-teller. 
BONACE, b6-nas, s.f. calm, a 
smooth sea. 
BONASSE, b6-nas, adj. good, 
honest, downright, good-natured, 
easy, (fam.) 
[Bonasse always afler the noun.] 
*BON ASUS, s. m. (bison,) bonasus. 
BONA VIST A.s.m.(ist)Bonavista. 
BONBONS, s.m. sugar-plums, 
sweetmeats, comfits. 
BONBONNIERE, s. f. sugar- 
plum box ; comfit-box. 
BON-CHRETIEN, s. m (a pear,) 

BOND, bon, s. m. bounce, bovmd, 
rebound. Sccorul — , rebound. 
Prendre la halle au — , to seize 
the opportunity, to improve it. 
Faire faux—d un autre, to faU 
one. Faire faux — d son honneur, 
to forfeit one's honour. V. Faux. 
Bond, bound, skip, gambol, ca 
per, capering. AUer par — s, tc 
skip, to skip about. 
BONDE, bond, s. f. flood-gate, 
sluice, sasse, lock. Mcher la— 
d ses larmes, to give full venl to 
one's tears, (Jam.) Bonde d'un 
tonneau. V. Bondon. 
BONDIR, bon-dlr, v. n. v. 4, to 
bomice, to bound, to rebound, 
to caper, to skip, to frisk. Ceto 




field, fig, vin: r6be, r6b, li3rd, mflod, h6od, v5s, mon; bftse, biit, brum. 

fait — le cam, that makes one's 

stomach rise ; that is disagree- 
able, nauseous. 

BONDISSANT, E, adj. v. bound- 
ing, skipping, frisking. 

IBondissant follows the noun in 

s. m. bouncing ; rebounding, re- 
bound i skipping, frisking.— <ie 

c(£itT, a rising of the stomach. 

BONDON, bo7i-do?i, s. m. bung. 

BoNDON ou BoNDE, the bimghole. 
BONDONNER, boji-d5-nd, v. a. 

V. 3, to hung, to stop with a 

bung, to close up. 

BONDONNIERE, s./. auger. 

*BONDREE, s.f. ou G0IR.4N, s. 

m. (ora.) buteo apivorus. 

BONDUC, s. m. bonduc. V. Pois 

de terre. 

BON-FRAIS, s. m. (mar.) steady 
breeze, fresh gale. 

*BON-HENRI, s. m. (fiot.) good 
Henry, goose-foot, wild orach. 

BONHEUR, b5-n^ur, s. m. sing. 

happiness, prosperity, felicity, 
welfare, blessing, good. BoN- 
KEUK, good fortune, piece of 
good fortune, good luck, luck, 
well-being. On coup de — , a 
lucky hit, cast, throw. Avoir du 
— , to be lucky. 

Pah bonheur, adv. luckily, hap- 
pily, fortunately. 

B9N-HOMME, b6-n5m, s. m. er- 
cellent, upright, fine man ; (in de- 
rision,) simple, credulous, good- 
natured man. 

BbNHOMMIE, b6-n6-ml, s. /. 
good-nature, easy humour, sim- 
plicity, credulity. 

BONI, s. m. (in finance,) surplus. 

BONIFACIO, s. m. Bonifacio. 

BONIFICATION, s. /. ameliora- 
tion, improvement. 

BONIFIER, b5-ni-fla, v. a. v. 3, 
to better, to improve, to ame- 
liorate. BoNiFiER, to make up 
the deficiency. 

*BONITE, s. m. (ich.) bonito. 

*BONITON, s. m. {ich.) bonito, 

BONJOUR, «. m. good morning, 
good day. {EUipt.) — , monsieur, 
good morning, sir, (Jam.) — <J 
monsieur un tel, good morning to 
Mr. such a one, {trh-fam.) 

BONN, s. m. (Germany,) Bonn. 

BONNE, s.f. nursery-maid. Con- 
tes de — s, nursery tales, childish 
stories. Bonne de nage, (jnar.) 
swift of rowing fine rower. 
Bonne, (Africa,) Bonna, Bona. 

BONNEAU, s. m. buoy of an 

PONNE-DAME, a. /. Y. Aii- 


de,) V. Cap. 

BONNEMENT, b6n-man, adv. 
plainly, honestly, ingenuously, 
fairly. BoNNEMENT,(inthissense 
always used with a negative,) 
exactly. (In this sense it is old.) 
[Bonnemenl after the verb ; be- 
ween the auxil. and the verb.] 
BONNET, b6-nS, s. m. cap.— ie 

nuit, nightcap. Prendre le — , 
prendre le — de docteur, to com- 
mence as doctor, to be admitted 
a doctor, to take a doctor's de- 

free. Opiner du — , to vote 
lindly ; to be of the same opinion 
as he that voted first. Cela a 
passi an — , the question was car- 
ried unanimously, nem. con. 
Prendre le — vert, porter le — vert, 
to turn bankrupt, to break. Avoir 
la tete pris du — , to fly into a 
passion, to bo hasty. Its y jet- 
tent leur — , they give it up, 
and confess themselves beaten. 
[Prov. et Jig.)'. Jeter son — par- 
dessas Us moulins, to brave pub- 
lic opinion, to set aside all regard 
to decency. 
*BONNET, s. /. (orn.) crown of 
the head, bonnet ; {anat.) second 
stomach of ruminating animals. 
*BONNET DE PR^TRE, s. m. (Jbot.) 
spindletree, evonimus. 
BONNETADE, s, /. cringing, 
capping, (obs.) 
BONNETER, v. a. v. 75, to cringe 
to one, to cap. Bonneter une 
fusie, to cap a rocket. 
BONNETERIE, b6n.Strl, s. /. 
the cap-maker's or hosier's busi- 
ness, hosiers' company. 
BONNETEUR, s. m. cringer.— , 
sharper, swindler. 
*BONNETREES, adj. el s. f. pi. 
(bot.) a tribe of ternslroemiaceas. 
BONNETIER, b5n-tla, s. m. ho- 
sier, one who keeps a stocking- 
shop, one who sells hosiery. 
BONNETTE, s.f. (fort.) bonnet. 
BoNNETTE, (mar.) studding-sail. 
— 5 de huniers, the top-sail 
studding-sails. — lardie, bag or 
basket charged with cinders, 
oakum, etc. to be used in fother- 
ing. Lacer la — , to lace on the 
bonnet of a sail to its principal 
BONNE-VOGLIE, s. m. (mar.) a 
volunteer rower in a galley. 
*BONPLANDIE, s.f. (hot.) syno- 
nymous with cuspariafehrifuga. 
BONSOIR, s. m. good evening. 
BONTE, boji-ta, s. /. goodness, 
excellence. La — de I'air, the 
Uealthfulness (salubrity) of the 
air. La — d'une place, the strength 
of a place. Bonte, weakness, 
easiness. Sa trop grande — , his 
easy temper. Bont6, goodness, 
kindness, favour. Avoir la — de, 
etc., 10 be so good as, etc. 
BONTOUR, s. m. (mar.) favour- 
able turn or swing. 
BONZE, «. m. (Chinese priest), 

*BOOBY, s. m. (om.) booby. 
*BOOGOO, s. OT. (baboon), man- 
*BOOPIDEES, adj. et. s. f. pljfiot.) 
a family of plants synonymous 
with Calyceries. 

*BOOPS, adj. (n. A.) having very 
large eyes. 

Bois, s. m. (mam.) sarigoy. 
BOOTES, .■!. 7n. (constellation), 
Bootes, Arctophylax. 

*BORASSES, adj. et s, f. pi. (bol.) 

a tribe of palmx. 
''BORATE. «. m. (chim.) borate. 
"BORATE, adj (chim.) combined 

with boracic acid. 
*BORDANT, adj. (boi.) t. applied 

to the down of an akene. 
BOQUILLON, s. m. woodman, 

feller of wood, a wood-cleaver. 

BORACIQUE, adj. V. BoRiauE. 
BORAMETZ, s. m. V. Agneau 

de Seythie. 
'*BORAX, s. m. (chim.) borax. 


s. m. (med.) rumbling in the 
BORD, b6r, s. m. shore, bank, 
strand, side, margin, brink, edge, 
brim, skirt, border. Le — d'un 
bateau, the side of a boat. Le — 
de la toile, selvedge. Les — s 
Indiens, the Indian shores. Un 
rouge — , a brimmer or bumper. 
iZ a Vame sur le — des levres, it 
est sur le — ■ de sa fosse, he has 
already one foot in the grave. 
BoRD,Dorder, hem, edge, edgin" , 
lace. BoRD, ship, shipboard. 
Vaisseau de haul — , ship, vessel. 
Vaisseau de bas — , galley, and 
any low-built ship. Xdllai d son 
— , I went aboard his ship. Ren- 
verser, tourner, changer le — , 
mettre & I'auire — , to tack about, 
to veer. — alonsi, qui alonge, long 
board (said of^a vessel plying to 
windward). Faire un hard, to 
make a tack. Bon — , a good 
board. — sur — , tack for tack, 
hank for hank. Courir meme 

— que Vennemi, to stand on the 
same tack with the enemy. — A 
terre, standing in shore. — au 
latge, standing offshore. — d — , 
alongside (said of two ships lying 
near to one another.) Pa.sse du 
monde sur le — .' man the side ! 
Rendre le — , to cast anchor (in 
the port where the ship is to be 
laid up.) J^tre — sur — ; etre 
sur Us — 3, ou courir des—-, to 
ply to windward by tacking. 
Courir U ban — , to pirate. Cou- 
rir U bon — , to lead a lewd life. 
BoRDS, leeches. 

BoRD X BORD, adv. level, even 

BORDAGE, s. m. (mar.) the sides 
or side-planks of a ship, ship- 
board. Franc — , outside planks. 

— de fond, planks of the bottom 
or &ooT.—des ponis, planks of the 

BORDAILLER, v. n. v. 3, (mar.) 

to tack, to beat about, to ply to 

windward. (Old.) V. Bordayer. 
BORDANT, s. m. (mar.) foot of a 

BORDAT, s. m. (Egyptian stufT; 

BORDAYER ou Boroeyer, v. n. 

V. 80, to traverse sail, to ply tc 

windward. (Old.) 
BORDE, b6r-da, .•!. m. hem, edg 

ing, lace ; adj. (n. h) edged. 
B0RD6, E, part, de Border ; v. 3, 

edged, hemmed. Bordd de pri- 




bar, bat, hiee, antique: thftre.^bb, ov^r, j^une, mfeule, bfiurre, li^n: 

cijnces, overhung by, bordered 
with precipices. 

BORDEAUX, s. m. (France) Bor- 
deaux. Vin de Bordeaux, claret. 

BORDEE, b6rda, x. /. (mar.) 
broadside. Bokdee, (Jig-,) Une 
— d^iTijures, a shower, a volley 
of abuse ; (or absol.) une — , a 
broadside. Bordee, tack, the 
course of a ship from one tacking 
\jo another. Courlr plusieurs — s, 

' to ply to windward by boards. 
Courir d petites — s, to ply to 
windward by small boards. BoE- 
DEE,a watch of part of the crew. 
Faire la petite — , to set the quar- 
ter watch. Courir la grande — , 
to set a watch of half the ship's 
crew (usually called the sea- 

BORDEL, b6r-d41, s. m. bordel, 
brothel, bawdy-house, stews. 

BORDELAGE, s.m. abase tenure. 

BORDELIER, s. m. whoremon- 
ger. (Vulgar). 

"BORDELIERE, s.f. ifch.) balle- 

BORDEMENT, s. m. edge. 

BORDER, b6r-da, v. a. v. 3, 
to edge, to hem, to bind, to lace, 
to border, to selvedge, to welt. 
Border, to border, to line, to 
edge. Lessoldatsbordentlacdte, 
soldiers line the coast Border 
un vaisseau (mar.) to sheath a 
ship. — les cbiis d^un vaisseau, to 
plank a ship. — les ponts, to lay a 
ship's decks. — d coin ou d can ; 
en louvetie, to plank a vessel with 
clinch- work, to lay on the planks 
even or level. — un vaisseau, to 
bear up to a ship, to come or 
make towards or come up with a 
ship, to board or enter a ship. — 
une voile, to unfurl or spread the 
sail. — une voile, to tally or haul 
aft the sheets of any sail. — etbras- 
ser au vent, to trim the sails by 
the wind. Bordel'artimon.' haul 
the mizzen-sheet flat aft or close 
all, or set the mizzen! Borde au 
vent! borde sousle vent! haul all 
the sheets ! — une ecouie, to tally 
a sheet. — les Routes arriere, to 
haul aft both sheets of a sail, to 
go before the wind. — hs ^utes 
tout plat, to tally the sheets flat 
aft. — les avirons, to ship the oars. 
Border un lit, to tuck in the bed- 
clothes, to tuck up a bed. Bor- 
der les perles, to smoothen the 

BORDEREAU X, b5rd-r5,s.m. 
note, account. — de compte, a ba- 
lance sheet 

BORDEYER. v. Bordayer. 

BORDIER, adj. m. vaisseau har- 
dier, a lop-sided ship. 

BORDIGUE, s. /. (t of fisheries), 

BORDURE, b5r-dfir, s. /. frame, 
edge, edging ; welt ; border. 

BORfiE, b5-ra, .-. m. Boreas, the 
north wind. 

BORGNE, b5rgn, adj. subsl. blind 
of an eye, or of one eye; that has 
but one eye, one-eyed, dark. 
C'est un mickant — , un faux — , 
he is a cross-patch, (fam. pop.) : 
Maison — , a nut. Cabaret — , a 
hedge alehouse, a blind tavern. 
Ancre — , (,mar.) a single arm- 
anchor, or with but one fluke. 

BORGNESSE, b5r-gnJs, s. f. a 
one-eyed woman. Vnewjicharite, 
une vilaine — , a cross-patch. 

BORGO, s. m. (Sweden) Borgo. 

BORE, (fliim.) containing boron. 



Rico-cnivRiauE, Borico-lith- 


RiacE, BoBico-ziNCiauE, adj. 
(cliim.) double salts, composed of 
a boracic salt with one of alu^ 
I mina, ammonia, etc. 

*BORIDES, ». m. pi. (min.) a & 
mily of minerals. 

BORIGUEN, (N. Am.) Boriguen. 

B O R 1 N, s. m. (in coal mine^, 

*BORJQUE, adj. m. (chim.) boric, 

BORNAGE, bAr-naz, s. m. (Jur.) 
settling the bounds or bounda- 

BORNAGER, «. n. (mar.) v. 79, 
to shove a great boat off from the 
river side. 

BORNE, b5m, s. /. landmark, 
boundary, limit, confine, (jig.) 
bounds. Borne, stone, stud, post 
BoRNBS milliaires, milestones. 

B0RN6, E, part, de Bomer ; v. 3, 
bounded, limited, confined, etc., 
narrow, mean, small. 

BORNER, b6r-ni, v. a. v. 3, to 
set landmarks, to bound, to set 
bounds to, to limit, to circum- 
scribe, to restrict, to terminate, 
to confine. 

SE BoRNER, V. a. v. 3, to ' keep 
within bounds or measure. 

BORNO ou BouRNOD, s. m. (Afri- 
ca), Bomoa. 

BORNOYER, b6r-nwa-yi, t). a. 
v. 80, to look over a surface with 
one eye. 

*BORO-FLUORINE, s. m. (chim.) 

*BORONIEES, adj. et 
a tribe of diosmeiE. 

*BOROSAIL ou Zael, disease of 
Ethiopia similar to syphilis. 

*BOROSILICIQUE, adj. (chim.) t 
applied to a peculiar compound 
of fluorine, boron, and silicium. 

*B0RRAGIN£ES, adj. et s.f. pi 
(hot.) a family of plants. 

*BORURE, s. m. (chim.) boruret. 

Bordure, (mar.) the foot, bottom, *BORURfe,ad;".(cAim.) containing 
or lower edge of a sail. BoR- boron. 

DURE (Zejoavei curb-stone, border. 

BORE, s. m. (chim.) boron. 

BORfiAL, E, b6-raral, adj.. north- 
ern, northerly 

*BORSUC, s. m. badger. 
BOSAN, s. m. (a drink), bosa. 
*B0STR1CHE, s. m. (era.) bostri- 

BOSNIE, s.f. (Turkey\ Bosnia. 

BOSPHORE, b6s-far, s. m. bos- 
phorus, a strait a narrow chan 
nel. Bosphore de Thrace, 
Bosphorus of Thrace ; the sirail 

BOSQUET, hlis-kh, s. m. grove,, 

BOSSAGE, s. m. (arch.) bossage, 
rustic quoin, embossinent. Bus- 
sage, (mar.) crooked timber for 

|cil6GS etc 

BOSSE, b5s, s. /. hunch, hump. 
*BossE, (anat.) . protuberance. 
Bosse, (phrenology) bump. BossE, 
bruise, swelling occasioned by a 
knock, protuberance,knob, lump. 
Bossc, bruise,dint protuberance. 
Terrein plein de — s, a rugged 

f round. — daTis les arires,,' knob, 
not BossR, (in glass) bunch. 
BossE, powder-flask, used by 
privateers in engagements. Bos- 
SE, (sculp.) relievo. Ouvrage re- 
lev^ en — , an embossed piece of 
work, fretwork. Ouvrage de 
ronde ■ — , a figure in relievo, a 
statue. Ouvrage de demi — , a 
figure in half^relievo. Figures 
en — , prominent figures. KDes- 
SINER. — ■ ou bouton d*or enchdssi 
de queUjue pierrepr4cieuse, OUch, 
Bosses, (riiar.) stoppers! — s du 
cable (V. Bittes,) ring-ropes or 
stoppers of the cable. — sdboitton, 
knotted stoppers. — s d aiguiUet- 
tes, stoppers with laniards. — s d 
fouei, stoppers for rigging (made 
use of in time of action). — debout 
ou — de hossoir, theanchor stop- 
per at the ca^head. — s de clta- 
loupe ou de canot, boat's painter 
ormooring-rope, boatrope. Serre 
— , s. m. shank-painter. Bosse, 
(in tennis) boss. (Fig. el fam:): 
Donner dans la hosse, to fall into 
the snare. 

BOSSELAGE, b6s-la2, s. m. em- 

BOSSELfi, E, part, et adj. em- 
bossed, chased, (said of leaves), 

BOSSELER, b6s-la, v. a. v. 73, to 
emboss, to enphase, to chase. 
BossELER le cuir (in tanning), to 
fold the hide. 

BOSSELURE, bfis-lJlr, s. /. (said 
of leaves), crimpling. 

BOSSEMAN, s. m. (mar.) boa^ 
swain's mate. 

BOSSER I'ancre, v. a. v. 3, (mar.) 
to stow the anchor upon the bow, 
— fe cable, to stopper the cable. 
Bosse ! bosse et bitie, (word of com- 
mand), stopper ! bitt! 

*BOSSETTE, b6-sSt, s. f a stud 
of a bridle, a boss. 

BOSSEURS ou BossoiRs, 
(mar.) cat-heads. 

BOSSU, E, b5-sii, sii, adj. sub. 
hunchbacked, humpbacked, 
crook-backed, a^.; a hunch- 
back, a crook-back, (subs.) Che- 
min — , a rugged or uneven way. 
Cim^tiere — , a fat church-yard. 

BOSSUER, b6-su-a, v, a. v. 81, io 
bruise, to dint, to batter. 

BOSTANGI-BACHI, s.m. (Turk- 
ish officer) bostaiigi-bachi. 







r6be, r6b, 16rd, 

mfloB, h6od, 






BOSTON, s. m. (America), Boston. 
BosTO."j, igAme) boston. 

♦BOSTRICfflNS, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(ml.) a tribe of coleoptera. 

*BOSTRICHOPODES, adj. et s. 
m. pi. syn. with Cirfip^des. 

*BOSTRYCHITE, s.f. {min.) bos- 

*BOSUEL, s. m. (tulip) bossuel. 

BOT, adj. s. m. pied-bot, b&, a 
stump-fbot,clubfi)Ot. (Little used.) 

BOT, s. m. Dutch boat, 

*BOTAL, adj. m. (jmat.) botale 

*BOTANIQUE, bft-ta-nlk, s. /. 

*BoTANiciuE, adj. botanical. 

'BOTANISTE, b6-ta-nlst, n. m. 

(boQ descriptive of plants. 

*BOTANOLOGIE, s. /. synony- 
mous with Botanigue, (obs.) 

*BOTANGPHAGE, adj. (ent.) t. 
applied to the larva of certain 
myodaria. . 


»BOTELLIFERE, adj. (zoo.) a 
spongia ao called. 

BOTHNIE.s. /.(Sweden) Bothnia. 

♦BOTHRIOPf, s.m.(med.) bothrion. 

*BOTHROCEPHALES, adj. et s. (annd.) an order of suban- 

*BOTRYCEPHALE,s. m. {annel.) 
a genus of cestoidea. 

•BOTRYLLACES, adj:et s. m. pi. 
(mol.) an order of tunicata. 

(mol.) an order of tunicata. 

*BOTRYLLIDES, adj. et ». / pi. 
(piol.) a family of tunicata. 

*BOTRYOiDE, adj. (min. bot. el 
200.) botryoidal. 

•BOTRYTIDEES, adj. et 
(hot.) a group of mucedinese. 

•BOTRYS, s.f. (plant) botrj-s. 

'BOTRYTE, s. m. (min.) botrytis. 

BOTTE, b6t, s. f. boot. Grosses 
— s ou — 5 fortes, jack-boots. — s 
molles, cordovan boots. Tire — , 
bootjack. Coiffer une — , to top 
a boot. A propbs de — s, for no- 
thing, apropos. BoTTE, bunch, 
-bundle. Vne — (fe raves, a bunch 
or a bundle of radishes. Vne — 
defoin, a bottle or a truss of hay, 
lock of hay. Une — de sole, a 
hank of silk. Botte, (in fencing) 
pass, thrust, passado. Porter une 
— d, quelqu'un, to kick one, to ask 
him for money ; to desire him to 
lend us money, to borrow money. 
II lui a porl6 une vilai-ne — , he 
served him a very scurvy trick. 
BoTTE, the step of a coach. 
Bottes, clods of dirt or snow. 
Botte, a butt, a wine vessel. 

Botte de bouteille. s. /. (mar.) 
lead pipe. 

EN Botte, adv. (mar.) in frame. 
Chaloupe en — , a long-boat in 

BOTTE, E, adj. booted, that has 
boots on. 

BOTTELAGE, b6t-laz, s. m, the 
bottling (of hay or straw). 

BOTTELER, b6tU,ua.v. 73, to 

truss or bottle (hay or straw), to 

put up in bunches, to bundle. 
BOTTELEUR, b6t-16ur, s. m. a 

BOfTER, b6-ta, v. a. et n. v. 3, to 

make boots. Botter, to put or 

help one's boots on. 
SE BoTTER, V. T. V. 3, to put one's 

boots on. SE Botter, to clog 

one's shoes. 
BOTTIER, bft-tid, s. m. bootma- 

BOITINE, s.f. a thin boot, a bus- 
kin, cordovan boot. — s d. la dra- 
gonne, spatterdashes. 

BOU AR, s. m. (t. of mint) hammer. 

BOUC, b6ok, s. m. he-goat. Sen- 
teur de — , rammishness. ie — 
emissaire, (term of O. Test.) the 
scape-goat. Boirc, bag, a goat- 
skin ffll of wine ; *(iot.) Barbe- 
de-bouc, le salsijis sauvage, goats- 
beard, salsify. *Bouc de Hon- 
GRiE ou Saiga, (mam.) saiga. 


BouQUETiN, (mam.) ibex. 


PiMPRENELLE, soxifroge bUmche, 
s.f. bumet saxifrage. 

BOUCAN, bflo-kan, s. m. buccan. 
BouCAN, stews, bawdy-house, 

BOUCANER, bfio-ka-na, t). a. v. 
3, to buccan, to smoke (meat). 
Boucaner des cuirs, to buccan, 
to smoke hides. 

Boucaner, v. n. v. 3, to hunt wild 
bulls ibr their hides. 

BOUCANIER, b6o-ka.nl5, s. m. 
a buccaneer, freebooter. — buc- 
caneer, a pirate ship. — a bucca- 
neer's musket. 

♦BOUCARDE, s. f. (mol.) heart- 

*BOUCARO, s. m. (min.) boucaros. 

BOUCASSIN, s. m. bocasino, a 
kind of fustian. 

BOUCASSINEE, adj. s. f. linen- 
cloth made fustian-like. 

BOUCAULT, s. m. (mat.) dry 
case. BoucAULT, tobacco hogs- 

BOUCHARDE, s./. mattinghara- 

BOUCHE,bflosh,s./. mouth. Di- 
pense de — , expenses for eating. 
Munitions de — , provisions. — ^ 
— , face to face. £lre sur sa — , 
to be a glutton, to be given to 

- gluttony. BoucHE, mouth, lips, 
tongue. Avoir bonne — , to keep 
secret. — close, — cousue, be sure 
to keep counsel, hush or mum 
for that. Flux de — -, talkative- 
ness. Tin saint Jean bouche d'qr, 
one who speaks his mind openly. 
Faire la petite — de ou sur quelquc 
chose, to mince it, to make as if 
one did not care for a thing, or 
would not speak one's mind about 
it JVaiterquelqu'und — queveux- 
tu, to entertain one in a noble 
manner. Celafait bonne — , that 
leaves a pleasant taste in the 
mouth. L'eau en vient & la — , 
cela fait venir Veau dla — , that 
makes one's mouth or chops wa- 
ter. Prendre sur sa — , to stint 
or pinch one's belly. Avoir — i 

cour, to be in ordinary at court, 
to eat and drink scot-jree, to live 
at the expense of another. Flux 
de — , spitting, salivation, flux. 
BoucME, mouth, people. 'JTretUe 
— s i nourrir, thirty people to 
feed. BoucHE, the king's kitch- 
en, the officers of the king's 
kitchen. Vin de la — , the wine 
kept for the king's drinking. 
Cheval qui a bonne — , a hard 
feeding horse, that will eat any 
thing. Un cheval fort en — , a 
hard-mouthed horse. Vn cheval 
qui n'fl ni — ni eperon, a horse 
that obeys neither oridle nor spur. 
Assurer la — dun cheval, to light- 
en the reins. Un hommefort en 
— , a man that out-talks every 
body. Une homme qui n'a ni — -ni 
dperon, a stupid, insensible man. 
Bouches, mouths. Les — s du 
iVi7, the mouths of the Nile. 

BOUCHE, E,paH. de boucher, v. 
3, stopped. Port bauchi, port 
choked up. Un homme qui a Ve- 
sprit bauchi, a man hard of ap- 
prehension, a dunce, heavy, dull 

BOUCHEE, b5o-sha, s.f. mouth- 
ful, morsel, bit. 

BOUCHER,b6o-sha, v. a. v. 3, to 
stop.stuff, to chokeup,to obstruct, 
to cork, to bung.^ — urie parte, to 
wall, to nail up a door. Se — les 
yeux, to shut one's eyes. Se — Ze 
nez, to hold one's nose. — un trou, 
to stop a gap, to pay a debt. 

BOUCHER, b6o-sha,s.m. butch- 
er. Boucher eh gros, carcass- 

BOUCHERE, b6o-sh4r, s. f. a 
butcher's wife or woman keep- 
ing a butcher's shop. 

BOUCHERIE, b6osh-rl,s/. sham- 
bles, butchery, market. Viande 
de boucherie, butcher's meat. De 
la basse boucherie, neck beef 
BoucuERiE, butchery, slaughter, 
carnage, massacre. V. Massacre. 

BOUCHET, ». m, a sort of hippo- 

BOUCHE-TROU, s. m. a stop-gap, 
supernumerary, (foM.) ' 

BOUCHETURE, bflosh-tir, ». /. 
fence, inclosure. 

BOUCHIN, s. m. (mar.) extreme 
breadth of a ship from outside to 

BOUCHOIR, s. m. an oven door 
or block. 

BOUCHON, bfio-shon, s. m. cork, 
stopple, plug, stopper.— <Ze liige, 
cork. — de hois, plug. — de verre, 
glass-stopper.— d'dtoupe, de foin, 
etc., wad of a cannon made of 
oakum, hay, etc. Un — de paille, 
a wisp of slrow. Un — de tinge, 
a bundle of linen. Bouchon de 
eaiare(, bush, tavern-bush. Faire 
valair le — , to draw people in or 
to get customers. Mon petit — , 
(said to children) my little honey, 
pet, dear, darling. 

BOUCHONNER, b6o-sh5-na, w. 
cheval, v. a. v. 3, to rub a horse 
with a wisp of straw.— da linge, 
to rumple, to roll up linen.— un 
enfant, to caress a child. 




bir, hkt, 


antique : 


ebb, ov^r 





BOUCIIONNIER, s. m. cork- 
cu liter 

BOUCHOT, s. m. (t. of fisheries) 
crawls, pens or places inclosed 
by hurdles. 

BOUCLE, bSokl, s. /. buckle. 
BouCLE, ring. JJes — s d'oreiUes, 
ear-rings. Boucle, curl, ringlet, 
lock. BoocLE (of a door) ring, 
knocker, rapper. Boucles (arch.) 
rings. BoucLEs, pi. (mar.) irons, 
shackles, bilboes. — s de sabord, 
BOUCLE , £, part, de louder, v. 3, 
buckled. U-nejument — e, a mare 
ringed or ringled. Des chmeux 
— s, hair screwed up, curled. 
Port — , a harbour stopped, land- 
locked harbour 
•BOUCLE, adj. (jich.) spinous. 
BOUCLEMENT, b5okl-man, s. 
m. ringing. 

BOUCLER, b6o-kla, v. a. v. 3, 
to buckle, to strap. Bouclee une 
cavale, to ring or ringle a mare. 
BoucLER des ckeveux, to curl 
hair. (Sometimes u. n.) Boucler 
une affaire, to make an end of a 
business. Boucler un TnarcM, 
to bind, to close, to strike a bar- 
gain. Boucler un port, to stop 
up, to lay an embargo. (This is 
growing obsolete.) 
BOUCLIER, b6o-kli-4, s. m. 
buckler, shield.— de peau, pelt, 
pelta, defence, protection. Faire 
une levde de — s, to make great 
preparations to no purpose. 
BOUCOLAQUE, s. m. (t. applied 
to a corpse) boulcolaca, vampire. 
BOUCON, s. m. poison. II a pris 
le boucan, he was poisoned. (Old 
and vulgar.) 

BOUDELLE ou mieux Bout 
d'aile. V. AiLE oil Bout. 
BOUDER, b6o-da, v. n. v. 3, to 
pout, to look gruff or sour, to pout 

BOUDERIE,b6od-rl, s.f. pouting, 
angry, gruff look. 
BOUDEU-R, SE, b6o-d«ur, dduz, 
adj. suhst. one .that pouts or looks 

BOUDIN, bfio-din, s. m. pudding. 
Appareil de — , composition for 
pudding. Y. Pouding. Boudin 
(mar.) middle rail of the head. — 
de irinquerin, a rail opposite to 
the water-ways or deck of a gal- 
ley. Boudin de taiac, twisted or 
rolled tobacco. Boudin (arck.) 
torus. Boudin, saddle-bag, cloak- 
bag. Boudin (t. of locksmith) 
spring. Boudin, a lonff spiral 
curl. Boudin, a kind of match 
used by miners. Boudins ou. 
CORDONS, patted wool. 
BOUDINAILLE, s. /. sausages 
and black-pudding. 
BOUDINE de verre, s.f. (in glass) 
bunt, knot, bull's eye. 
BOUDINI-ER, ERE,b6o-dI-nId, 
nl4r, s. m. etf. pudding-maker. 
BouDiNiERE, s. f. filler (for pud- 

BOUDINURE, s. f. [mar.) pud- 
ding of the anchor. 
BOUDOIR, bfio-dwilr, s. m. pri- 
vate room, study, boudoir < 

BOUE, boo, s. f. dirt, mire, mud. 
Payer Us — s, to pay for cleaning 
the streets. V. Limon. Vne&me 
de — , a dirty, base, pitiful, sneak- 
ing, ungenerous soul. ]&lre dans 
la — , to be in low circumstances. 
BouES, pi. mud or slime taken as 
a bath. BouE d'emeril, lapi- 
dary's emery, BouE (med.) mat- 
ter, corruption. 
BOUEE, s.f.(inar.) buoy. Bouke 
de sauveioge, (mar.) safety buoy. 
— de bout de m&t, wooden buoy 
formed of the end of a mast, 
stream-buoy ; de baril, can-buoy, 
BOUEUR, bflo-4ur, s. m. scaven- 
ger, dustman. 

BOUEU-X, SE, b5o-«u, ^uz, adj. 
dirty, miry, muddy, oozy, heavy. 
Impression — se, a foul impres- 
BOUFFANT, E, adj. v. puffing. 

XJne — e, a buffant. 
BOUFFE, s. m. (in Italian opera) 
buffoon. AUer aux — s, to go to 
the Italian opera. 
*BOUFFE, s. /. (anat.) the little 
eminence formed by the union 
of the two lips. 
BOUFFEE, b6o-fa, s.^. puff, gust, 
blast, whifll Bouffee (fig. et 
Jam.) fit. line — dejih)re, a Siort 
ague fit. Par — s, by flirts, fits 
and starts. 

BOUFFER, bfio-fa, v. a. v. 3, to 
puff, to swell. Bouffer, to puff 
(the cheeks). Bouffer, to be stuf- 
fing. (Not used.) Bouffer de 
colere, to swell with anger, (fam.) 
Bouffer un veau, etc. (t. of butch- 
er) to blow up veal. 
BOUFFETTE, b6o-f^t, s./. a tuft 
or puff put to a honse's head, ear- 

BOUFFI, E, part, de bottffir, v. 4, 
puffed up, swollen. K Enfle. — 
d'orgueil, puffed up with pride. 
Style — , a turgid stylfe. 
BOUFFIR, b6o-fir, v. a. v. 4, to 
puff up, to swell, to bloat. 
BOUFFISSURE, bfto-fl-sftr, s. f. 
swelling, being bloated, puffing 
up, boml}ast. 

BOUFFON, b6o-fon, s. m. buffoon, 
jester, a meny Andrew, a Jack 
Pudding, droU. Une petite bouf- 
fonne, a comical little monkey, 
(.sub. f. little used.) 
BouFFON, NE, adj. jocose, face- 
tious, comical. 
BOUFFONNER, hbo-O-nA, v. n. 
V. 3, to be jocose, full of jests, to 
play the buifibon, fool or jester, to 

BOUFFONNERIE, bfio-ffin-rl, s. 
/. buffoonery, drollery, jesting. 

BOUFRON, s.m. sepia, cuttlefish. 

BOUGE, b6oz, s.m. a little closet, 
a paltry lodging. Bouge (mar.) 
the rounding or convexity of the 
beams, etc. — vertical de la lisse 
d^hourdy, the rounding up of the 
wing-transom. — horizontal de la 
lisse d'hourdy, the rounding afl of 
the wing-transom. Bouge (of a 

cask) bulge d'un mur, bulging 

jutting out — d'uneplanche,v,aTf- 
ing, casting, cambering. 

BOUGEOIR, b6o-awar, s. m. a flat 
or chamber-candlestick. 
BOUGER, b6o-2a, v. n. v. 79, to 
stir, to budge, lo wag. Bouger, 
s'ds boiigent, should ihey dare to 
be troublesome. 
BOUGETTE, s. f. budget, bag, 
pouch, (old.) 

BOUGIE, b6o-zl, s/. \yax-candle, 
wax-light. — a bougir, searing- 
candle. Pelie — , pain de — , taper. 
*BouGiE (chir.) bougie. 
BOUGIER, v.a.\. 3, (t. of tailor) to 
sear with a wax candle, to size. 
BOUGRAN, b6o-gra,n,s.m. buck- 
BOUGRANEE, adj. f. stiffened 
like buckram. 
BOUGRE, s. m. bugger, sodomite, 
dog, son of a bitch, etc. 
BOUGRESSE, s.f. (said to a wo- 
man), bitch. XJne vllaine — , a 
dirty jade. 

BOUILLANT, E, adj. v. boiling, 
boiling-hot, scalding-hot, piping- 
hot BouiLLANT, hot, fiery, has- 
ty, eager, abrupt, fierce, hot- 
headed, petulant. 
BOUILLAR, s. m. (mar.) squall, 

cloud charged with wind, etc. 
BOUILLE, s./. a-fishing pole. 
BOUILLER, V. a. v. 3, to stir or 
trouble the water with a pole ; to 
mark cloth, etc. 
BOUILLE-COTONIS, s. m. (sa- 
tin), atlas, 
BOUILU, hbo-ll, s. m. boiled 
beef, boiled meat, boulli, 
BOUILLIE, bdo-Zi, s. /. pap, 
thickened milk, jelly. Bouiij-ie, 
(in paper-making), pulp. 
BOUILLIR, bfio-dr, d. n. v. 9, to 
boil. Faire — & demi, to parboil. 
Faire — un pen, to poach. Bouil- 
UR, to work, to boil, to fret, to 
simmer. I/z tete me bout, ray head 
burns like fire. — du lail d quel- 
qu'un, to please one. (This is the 
only phrase where bouillir is 
used actively m French.) 
BOUILLITOIRE, s. m. (lerm of 
mint), blanching, whitening. 
BOUILLOIR, bflo-Zwir, «. m. (t 
of mint,) boiler! 
BOUILLOIRE, s.f. a boiler, kettle. 
BOUILLON, b6o-ton, s. m. broth. 
BouUloTl coupi, broth diluted 
with water. £:tre riduit au — . 
to be reduced to live upon broth 
Donnerun bouillon d'ortze heures, 
to give a poisonous draught. — 
pointu, (fam.) clyster. Bouillon, 
Dubbling up, seething, ies — s 
de sa colere, the transport or gust 
of his passion. Bouillon, froth, 
foam, bubbling up, bubble. Le 
sang sortait a gros — s, the blood 
rushed impetuously. Vn—d'eau, 
bubbling fountain. Bouillon 
sauvage. V. Sauge en arbre. 
Bouillon, (in saltmaking,) eva- 
poration. Bouillon, donner le, 
to scour (wool). Bouillons ou 
Bluteaux, bolter, bolting-cloths 
BouiLLONS,(silver or gold.) bouil 
Ions. Bouillons, puffs, flounces 
BOUILLON, s. m. Bouillon. 
OK Bonhomme, s. m. mullein 


field, fig, vin: rfibe, r5b, 16rd, m6od, h6od, vos, mon: bise, bfit, brun. 


muUen, torch-weed. 

BOyiLLONNEMENT, b6o-?5n- 

man, s, m. bubbling up, spouting 

or gushing out ; ebullition. Bou- 

ILLONNEMENT, (jiwir.) rippling of 

a river, as it fells into the ocean. 

BOUILLONNEfJ, b6o-i6-na, v. 

Ti. T. 3, to bubble up, to gush out, 

to spout. {Actively,) — une robe, 

to flounce a gown, 

BOUILLOTTE, s. /. V. BooiL- 


BouiLLOTTE, s.f. a game at cards 
played by five persons. 

BOUIN, s. m. (in dyeing,) a head 
of silk. 

BOUIS, s. m. (in shoemaking,) 

BOUIS. r.Bnis. 

BOUJARON, s. m. (mar.) a tin 
measure containing about half a 
gill, used for distributing grog to 
the crew. 

BOUJON, s. m. the mark applied 
to stui!s in the manufactories of 

BOUJONNER une itqffe, v. a. v. 
3, to stamp. 

BOULAIE, s. /. a birch plot or 

BOULANG-ER, ERE, b6o-lan- 
za, zkr, s. m. elf. baker, baker's 
wile or woman. 

BOULANGER, bfio-lan-za, v. n. 
v. 79, to bake. 

BouLANGER-DE-CAMF, s. m. a kind 
of serge made at Poitou. 

BOULANGEKIE, b5o-lanz-rl, s. 
/. baking; bakehouse. 

BOULE, b5ol, s. /. bowl, ball, 
pellet—d'amortissement, {arch.) 
the globe or ball on the top of a 
dome. Un jeu de — , a bowling- 
green. Avoir la — , to play first. 
*Aller h Vappvi de Ja — , to second 
one. ^Ternr pied d — , to mind 
one's business. Boule-de-neige, 
{hot.) snowdrop. 


in haste, hastily, carelessly. 

*BOULEAU, X, b6o-16, s. m. 
birch, birch-tree. !7n6a/ot<fe—,a 
birch besom. 

BOULEE, s.f. dregs (of tallow.) 
BouLEES, scrapings. 

BOULEDOGUE, s. m. a bulldog. 

BOULER, b6o-la, t>. n. v. 3, (said 
of pigeons,] to pout; (said of 
bread,) to swell. Jas grains 
bouleni, the com takes root. 

BOULERAIE, s.f. a birch plot or 

s. m. a kind of gudgeon. 

BOULET, hbo-U, s._ m. bullet, 
ball, — d hranche ou a. deux Utes, 
a chain-bullet, bar-shot, double- 
headed shot. — ram6 ou cjiaini, 
crossbar-shot, chain-shot. — rouge, 
redhot ball, (fg. /am.) Tirer d. 
— 8 rouges sur quelqu'un, to load 
one witn abuse, to satirize. Bou- 
LET. CoTidamner au-~, to sen- 
tence to the punishment of the 
bulVa. BoHLET, (vet.) fetlock or 

•BOULETfi, E, adj. (vet.) dislo- 
cated. Ce cheiml est—, the fet- 

lock or pastern-joint of that horse 

is dislocated. 

BOULETTE, b5o-14t, s.f. forced 
meat-ball. Boulette, (plant.) 
V. Globulaire. Boulette, pel- 
let (of bread, &c.) 

BOULEUR, s. m. one who beats 
the water with a pole to drive 
the fish into the net. 

BOULEUX, s. m. a thickset horse 
fit for hard work only. Un ban 
— , a plain plodding man, a 

b6ol-var, s. m. bulwark, rampart, 
bastion, boulevard. 

vSrs-man, s. m. destruction; 
overthrow ; overthrowing, over- 
turning; commotion; disorder, 
confusion. , 

BOULEVERSER, b6ol-v4r-sa, 
V. a. V. 3, to overthrow ; to throw 
down, to subvert. Bouleverseb, 
to agitate, to trouble, to throw 
into commotion. Bohleverser, 
to upset, to turn' upside down, to 
topsyturvy, to overset. Boiile- 
verser, to throw into confusion ; 
to unsettle, to unhinge. 

BOULEVUE, (a la ou K) V. 

BOULICHE, b6o-lish, s.f. (mar.) 
a large earthen jar used for 
keeping wine on board ships. 

BOUUECHE, bflo-liash, s. f. 
a large seine (used in the Medi- 

BOULTER, s. m. a sort of fishing- 

BOULIGON, b6o-lIgon, s. m. a 
kind of net (with very small 

■►BOULIMIE, s. f. (med.) bulimy, 
enormous appetite, great or ca- 
nine hunger. 

*BOULIMIQUE, adj. (med.) buli- 
mic, relating to bulimy. 

BOUUN, boo-lin, s. m. pigeon- 
hole, pigeon-cove. Trous de — , 
scaiiblding-hales. Boulin, put- 

BOULINE, bflo-lin, s. /. (mar.) 
bowline, tack. Vent de — , half- 
wind. — de la grande voile, main- 
bowline; de reverf, lee-bowline ; 
de misaine, fore-bowline. AUer 
<S la—, to laveer, to go laveer- 
ing, to go near the wind, with a 
scant wind, with a sidewind ; to 
tack about. Courir i la — , to run 
the gantlet. 

BOUIJNER, V. n. v. 3, to go near 
the wind, to go with a sidewind, 
to laveer. Bouliner, v. a. Bow- 
liner une voile, to haul a sail to 
the windward. Bouliner, to 
rob, to thieve. Bouliner, to 
dodge, to shift, to play fast and 
loose. (Little used.) 

BOULINETTE, s.f. (mar.), fore- 

BOULINEUR, b6o-lI-n6ur, s. m. 
a camp-thief or robber, a thieving 

BOULINGRIN, bio-lin-grin, s. 
m. bowling-green, grass-plot. 

BOULINGUE, s. / (mar.) royal 

BOULINIER, s. m. (mar.) Vn 
bon ou Tnauvais boulinier, a ship 
that goes well or bad with a side 
wind. (Growing obsolete.) 

BOULOGNE, bflo-16gn, .?./. Bou- 

BOUIXJN, bfio-lon, s. m. bolt, a 
great iron pin. Boulon, steel- 
yard weight or ball. Bohlon, 
an iron mould for making leaden 

BOULONNER, b6o-16-ni, v. a. 
V. 3, to pin, to fasten with iron 
pins, to bolt. 

LE BOULONNAIS, s. m. Bou- 

BOULU, E, adj. boiled, (vulgar.) 

BOUQUE, bfiok, s. f. (mar.) a 
strait passage. (Old.) 

BOUQUER, bio-H, v. n. v. 3, to 
kiss unwillingly. BouauEB, to 
knock under, to truckle, to sub- 
mit. (Fam. and old.) 

BOUQUET, b5o-A4, s. m. nose- 
gay ; bunch, cluster, tuft. Uv,— 
de pierreries, a sprig, crotchet or 
knot of jewels. Un — de paiUe, 
a wisp of straw. Un — de oois, a 
cluster of lofty trees. JSTavoir de 
la barbe que par — , t» have only 
some few tufts of beard. A vous 
le — , it is your turn. Rendre le 
— , to give an entertainment in 
one's turn. Bouquet, a birthday 
couplet; birthday present. Bou- 
auET, flavour. BouauET, buck, 
hare. Bouquet, kid. Bouquet, 
flourish. Bouquets, (mar.) fore- 
thwarts, fore-sheets of a boat. 
Bouquet, (in fire-works,) bunch, 
cluster ; bouquet. Bouquets, a 
disease that attacks sheep. 

BOUQUETIER, bfiok-tii, «. m. 

BOUQUETIERE, b4ok-tl4r, s. 
f. flower-girl. 

BOUQUETIN, b6ok-tin, s. m. u 
wild goat. 

BouQUETTE, s. f. a Vulgar name 
for buckwheat. 

BOUQUIN, bfio-kin, s. m. an old 
he-goat, a buck, (said of male 
hares and rabbits.) Sentir le bcm- 
quin, to smell rammish. -Vieux 
touquin, old lecher or fornicator. 
BouQUiN, an old worm-eaten 
book. Comet d — , a crooked 
trumpet usually made of horn. 

BOUQUINER, b6o-H-nil, v. n. 
V. 3, to buck, to couple. Bou- 
QUiNER, to read old books, to be 
a bookworm. 

BOUQUINERIE, s. /. the old 

BOUQUINEUR, s. m. one that 
looks after, and is fond of old 

BOUQUINISTE, b6o-ii-nist, s. 
m. a second-hand bookseller, onp 
who deals in old books. 

BOUR.iCAN, b6o-ra-kan, s. m. 

BOURACANIER, s. m. barracan- 

*BOURAGINEES, s.f pi. (family 

of plants,) asperifolious. 
BOURAIS, s.f. a deep loamy soiL 
BOURBE, b6orb, s.f. mire, mud, 

dirt. Y. Li MON. 





bir, bat, 


antique . 







BOURBEU-X, SE, bftor-bfiu, 
bduz, ailj. miry, muddy, sloughy. 
*BouRBEux, (»i. A.) that lives m 
mud. Tortue — se, the mud tor- 

\Bourbeux after the noun.] 
BOURBIER, b6or-bia, s. m. 
slough, puddle, mire, mud. BouR- 
BIER, lurch, plunge, scrape, 
slough, danger. 

'BOURBILLON, bfiur-bl-ton, s. 
m. {med.) the core (of a boil.) 
BOURBON, V. Mascareigne. 
BOURBONISME, s. m. Bourbon- 
BOURBONISTE, adj. m. et f. 

BOURBONNAIS, s. m. (France,) 
J80URCER, V. a. v. 78, (mar.) une 
voile, to carry a sail clewed up 
or hauled up in the brails. 
*BOURDAINE, s. /. (5o(.) fran- 
gula, black alder. 
BOURDALOU, b6or-da-16o,s.m. 
- hat-band ; slipper. 
BOURDE, b5ord, s. /. fib, sham, 
humbug, lie, (pop,) 
BOURDER, boor-da, v. n. v. 3, 
to fib, to sham, to humbug, (pop,) 
BOURDEUR, , b6or-d4nr, s. m. 
fibber, shammer, (pop.) 
BOURDILLON, s. m. stave-wood 
(for casks.) 

BOURDIN, *. m. (peach,) bour- 

*BOURDON,i6or-don, s. m. (era.) 
drone. Bourdon, a pilgrim's 
staff! Bourdon, (mtis.) thorough- 
bass drone. Fauxbowrd(m,ji&yEt 
of church music. Bourdon, the 
drone-pear. Bourdon, out (in 
printing,) omission. Bourdon, 
a great bell. 
♦BOURDONNANT, adj. (cnt.) 

BOURDONNE, E, adj. (U.) bour- 
donnee, pomme or pometty 
crosses ot staSk. 

BOURDONNEMENT, bfior-don- 
man, s. m. buzz, buzzing; hum, 
humming; murmur. Bourdon- 
KEMENT, a humming or tinkling 
noise in one's ear. 
BOURDONNER, b6or-d6-n5, t>. 
n, V. 3, to buzz, to hum ; to mur- 

BOURDONNER, v, u., v. 3, to 
. hum. (Fig,) to bore. 
*BOURDONNET, «. m, (med,) 

*BOURDONNEUR, ^. m, hum- 
ming-bird, colibri. 
BOURG, b6or, s. m, borough, a 
town, country-town, country- 
market. KHameau. 
BOURGADE, bdor-gSid, s. /. a 
small borough. Les bourgades 
des sauvages, the hordes of the 

BOURG AGE, s. m. (jut) burgage. 

BOURGENE,s./. V.Bourdaine. 

s. m. elf, burgher, burgess ; citi- 
zen, townsman, commoner. JJne 
— e, a citizen's wife. V, Habi- 
tant. Bourgeois, (among work- 
men,) master Bourgeois, (mar^ 

proprietor, owner of a merchant- 
ship, contractor. 

Bourgeois, e, aij, belonging to 
or becoming a citizen, citizen- 
like. Ordinaire — , family-dinner. 
Soupe — e, rich soup. Vin — , 
genuine wine. Caution — c, city 
security, good security. Garde 
— , wardship, guardianship. 
Bourgeois raiaonnemenls.^, oit- 
like observations. 
[Bourgeois, adj. follows the 

swaz-man, adv. like a cit, citi- 
zen-like. Vivre — , to live like 
an alderman. (Except in this 
phrase, bourgeoisement is always 
taken in a trad sense.) 
[Bourgeoisement follows the 

BOURGEOISIE, bfior-zwa-zi, s. 
f. burghership, the freedom and 
privilege of burghers; the bur- 
gesses, citizens, burghers, 
BOURGEON, bdor-2on, s.m. bud, 
germ, button; 6hoot; pimple. 
BOURGEONNE, E, part, de bour- 
gemner, v. 3, budded. Nez bour- 
geonni, a. nose covered with pim- 
26n-man, s, m, (Jiorl,) budding- 

BOURGEONNER, ht>ot-zb-ni,v, 
n, v. 3, to bud, to shoot, to put 
-forth young shoots or germs ; *to 
break out in pimples. 
*BOURGEONNIERi bfior^fi- 
nia, s. m, the bullfinch. 
BOURG-EPINE. V, Nehprun. 
BOURG-MESTRE, bfiorg-mSstr, 
s. m. burgomaster. 
BOURGOGNE, b6or-g6gn, s, m. 
Burgundy. Ze vin de Bour- 
gogne, le bourgogne. Burgundy 
wine, burgundy. 
BOURGUIGNON.NE, adj. ets.m. 
etf. Bargundian, of Burgundy. 
Bourguignon, s, m. iceberg. 
gn6t, s.f, burganet or burgouet. 
BOURJASSOTE, s,f, kind of fig. 
BOURLET, s. m. KBourrelet. 
BOURNAL, s. m, honey-comb. 
*BOURRACHE, bfio-rash, s,f, 
(bot) borage. 

BOURRADE, bflo-rad, s, f, the 
snapping or biting of a gray- 
hound at a hare, without catch- 
ing it. Bourkade, a cuff; beat- 
ing, thrashing. Boukrade, a 
home thrust, repartee, (this last 
is growing obs.) 
BOURRASQUE, s,f, a squall, a 
sudden and violent storm, but of 
no long duration. BooRRAsauE, 
(fg.) brush, relapse; new at- 
tack; cross, vexation. BouR- 
RAsauE, caprice, whim, uneven- 
ness of temper. 

BOURRE, bdor, s.f, cowhair.— 
lanice, flocks of wool. — iontice, 
shear-wool. lAl de—, a flock- 
bed. BouRRE, stufl;", trash; stiff 
ness. BouRRE, wad, wadding. 
BouRUE, a kind of down which 
covers the buds of certain trees, 

BOURREAU, X, b6o-r6, a. m. 
hangman, executioner, jack- 
ketch, headsman; tormentor, 
cruel man, butcher. Un bour- 
reau d'argent, a spendthrift. 
BOURREE, b6o-ra, s.f. brush- 
wood, fagot. BooKREE, (dance) 
boree. Fas lie bourrte, boree 
BOURRELER, b6or-la, v. a. v. 
73, to torment, to sling, to tor- 
ture, to rack. 
BOURRELERIE, s. f. trade of 
harness-maker, of collar-malter. 
b6or-l&, 5. m. pad, a cushion with 
a hole in the middle, etc. BouR- 
RELET, horse's collar. Bourre- 
let, (jnar.) puddening of a mast 
or dolphin of the mast. *Bourre- 
LET, a dropsical swelling about 
the reins. Bourrelet, a kind 
of padded cap worn by children 
to protect the heOLi.—d' une parte, 
list or wadding used to makis 
doors air-tight. Bourrelet, a 
swelling; an excrescence (on tlie 
■trunk or bough of a tree). 
BOURRELIER, b6or-lia, s. m. 
harness-maker, collar-maker. 
BOURRELLE, bfio-r^l, s./. hang- 
man's wife; a hard-hearted, cruel 
mother ; a cruel woman, (old). 
BOURREK, bio-ra, v. a. v. 3, 
to ram (the wad). Bourrer, to 
thrash, to belabour, to thump, to 
fag, to beat ; to run one down in 
a dispute. Bourrer, to stuflf) to 
pad, to wad. Gants hourris, 
fencing-gloves. Bourrer, to bite 
or snap without catching. Bour- 
rer, (fg. et fam.) to cram, to 
stuff Bourrer, v. n. (man.) to 
bolt, to start off" unexpectedly. 
BOURRETTE, bflo-ret, s.f. the 
coarse silk round the cocoon. 
BOURRICHE, s.f. game-basket. 
BOURRJQUE, b6o-rik, s. f. an 
ass. V. Anesse. 
BOURRIQUET, hbo-rl-kk, s. m. 
an ass's colt BouRRiauET, wind- 
lass. BOitrriquet, (slater's) horse. 
BouRRiauET, mason's horse. 
BOURRIR, b6o-rir, to whir (as a 
BOURRU, E, bflo-rft-ri, adj. et 
subst. cross, fantastical, morose, 
peevish, capricious, crabbed, 
moody, pettish, dogged, way- 
ward, surly, snappish. V. Tax- 
TAsauE. Vin — , new and sweel 
white wine that has not worked. 
Maine — ^ bugbear. 
[Bourru constantly follows the 

BOURSE, bSors, s.f. purse.— en 
rdseaii, a net-purse. — bien gamie, 
well-lined pocket, —ptoe, empty 
purse. Oest une bonne — (litfle 
used), he is a monied man. — de 
secrilaire. du roi, the fees of the 
king's secretary. Coupeur de 
— , pick-purse, cut-purse, pick- 
pocket. La — .'deliver! Bourse, 
purse, the sum of 500 crowns. 
Bourse, hair-bag, purse. Bourse, 
purse-net, rabbit-net. *Bouese, 
hull, peel, pod, skin, coat in- 
closing the seed. Bourse, ex- 




field, fig, vin: ribe, r5b, lord, mAod, h6od, yus, mon : bilae, bUt, brun. 

hibilion, fellowship (in a col- 
lege;. Bourse, exchange, burse. 
*Boi)asE deiel, the gall-bladder. 
BooKSE, a bag for holding the 
linen with which the altar is 
covered during mass. Bourse 
d jetons, a bag for counters ; a 
subscription bag. Bourse, (sa- 
coche) saddle-bags. •*Bourse a 


RET, bui-sa pasloris, shepherd's- 
pouch or puree ; toy wort. 

'Bourses, s. /. pi. the scrotum ; 
the cods. 

BOURSETTE, s./. small purse. 

BOURSICAUT, s. m. a. small 
puree ; a small sum, ifam.) 

BOURStER, bftor-sia, ». m. bur- 
sar, fellow, exhibitioner, a stu- 
dent who has fellowship. Bodr- 
siER, purser, bursar, treasurer. 

BOURSI-ER, ERE, b6or-sia, 
si-fer, s. m. etf. purse-maker or 
seller, hair-bag maker. 

BOURSILLER, b5or-si-ia, v. n. 
V. 3, to club together, to contri- 
bute something towards any ex- 
pense, ifam.) 

BOURSON, bfior-son, s. m. fob, 
a little leather pocket, (old). 

BOURSOUFLAGE, s. m. turgid- 
ness, bombast. 

BOURSOUFLE, E, adj. et subst. 

bloated, (covered with blisters). 

V. Enfl^. Styler—, turgid style. 

[Bourswifli always follows the 


{chim.) expansion (of a substance 
while developing gas). 

BOURSOUFLER, bftor-sfio-fla, 
V. a. V. 3, to bloat, to make tur- 
gid, to pufFup. 

BOURSOUFLURE, «./. bloated- 
ness (of countenance), turgidness 
(of style). 

deer's dung. 

BOUSCULEMENT, b6os-kftl- 
man, s. m. jostling, hustling, 

B6uSCULER, ». a. V. 3, to turn 
upside down, to throw into dis- 
order. BouscDLER, to jostle, to 

BOUSE na BOUZE, b6oz, ». /. 

BOUSILLAGE, b6o-zi-laz, s. m. 
mud-wall, mud-walling. Bons- 
siLLAGE, any bad work, bung- 
ling piece of work. 

BOUSILL^ , E. paH. de Bcmsiller ; 
V. 3, mud-walled, made of mud. 
Uh ouvrage bouailU, a bungling 
or botched piece of work. 

BOUSILLER, b4o-zi-Za, v. a. v. 3, 
to make a mud-waU. BoussiL- 
LER, to bungle, to botch. 

BODSILLEU-R, SE, bdo-zi-Z6ur, 
U\a, a.m. mud- walling labourer. 
Un — , a bungler, botcher. 

BOUSIN, s. m. the soft crust of 

BOUSQUER, V. a. v. 3, {mar.) to 
compel an idle sailor to work. 

BOUSQUIER, ». 71. (,mar.) to 

BOUSSEROLE. V. Busseeole. 


BOUSSOLE, bao-sAl, s.f. the sea 
or mariner's compass, nautical 
compass, — affol6e, erroneous or 
defective compass; — de cadran, 
horizontal dial with a magnetic 
needle. [Fig.) guide, direction. 
BoussoLE, iast.) Pyxis Nautica. 

BOUSTROPHfiDON, s. m. bous- 
tiophedon. Inscriptions en — , in- 
scriptions in boustrophedon. 

BOUT, b6o, s. m. end; tlie tip, 
nib, nipple, the last, apex. Le 
haut — , the upper end (of the 
table, the place of honour). Le 
— de Van, the year's end. — d'une 
pique, point of a pike. — de canne, 
the ferrule of a cane. — de four- 
reau, the chape of a scabbard. — 
de jleuret, the button of a foil. — 
d^or, a gold-headed stick. — s de 
■manches, cu%, sham or false 
sleeves. — s d^aile, the pinions. 
Un — de plume, a stumpy pen. 
Le — d^une plume, the nib of a 
pen. Baton & deux — s, a quarter- 
staff. — de Van, the service for a 
deceased person at the year's 
end after his death. Le haut — , 
the upper hand. Se tenir sur 
le — des pieds, to stand a tip-toe. 
& — porta-nt, d — toucJiant, close to 
(a person or thing). *KiTe du — 
des dents, ne rive que du — des 
limes, to laugh but faintly, to 
laugh from the teeth outward. 
Tenir le ion — par devers soi, to 
have the better end of the staffs 
Se mettre sur le bon — , to make 
a good figure in the world, 
D^un — a V autre, jusqu^au — , over, 
out. Vent de — , contrary wind. 
Bout, bit, piece. // a des-^s d 
ses souliers, his shoes are pieced. 
Bout dehors, (mar.) boom. — de 
heauprd, jib-boom; — de bardage, 
butt of a plank. — de-lof, boom- 
kin, bumkm. — de vergue, yard- 
arm. — d^une alonge, d'un cordage, 
butt or fag end of a vyae.—de 
corde, cat of nine tails. — de c&ble, 
piece of junk or old cable. — pour 
— , adv. end-for-end. Filer le 
c&ble, — pour — , to veer away the 
cable end for end. -4. Bout, Hre 
d — , to be at the last cast. Pous- 
ser un homme d — , to drive one 
to extremity, to nonplus one. 
Venir a — de quelgu^un, to reclaim 
one , to conquer him. 


ever, ever and anon, at every 
turn, (fam.) au Bout du compte, 
when all comes to all; when 
all is done ; after all ; upon the 
whole, (fam.) de Bout en bout 
OU D UN bout A l' autre, adv. 
from one end to the other, from 
beginning to end; all over. HaIe 
AH BOUT, more. 

BOUTADE, bSo-tad, s.f. mag- 
got, whim, fit, start, caprice, fro- 
lic, pet, fancy, sally, flirt, vagary, 
freak.-— ic vers, poetic rapture. 

TANT, edj. (arch.) (used only 
with arc and pilier). Arc — , arc- 
boutant, a flat arc or part of an 
arc, abutting against the reins 

of a vault ; supporter. Arcs— -t, 

arch-butti'esses. Pilier — , a but- 
ting-pillar, a buttress. 

s.f. (CHI.) botargo. 

BOUT-DEHORS. V.Boute-hors. 

BOUT-DE-MANCHE, s. m. a 
sleeve (worn over the coat sleeve 
to prevent its being soiled). 

BOUTE, b6ot, s.f. (mar.) tub, 
bucket. BouTES, fresh-water 

BOUTE, adj. (man.) straight- 

BOUTfiE, s.f. (arch.) butment, 
arc-boutant. Faire la — , (term 
of card-making) to pack the 

BOUTE-EN-TRAIN, s.m. a stal- 
lion kept with brood mares to 
make them go to horse ; a bird 
that teaches others the notes. 
(Fig etfam.) a merry companion 
that gives others the cue. 
[Bouie-en-train, plur. des boute- 


BOUTE-FEU, s. m. linlstock; 

gunner; incendiary; firebrand. 

[Boutefeu, pliir. des boutefeux 

or des boute-feu.] 

BOUTE-HORS, s. m. (game} 
knave out of doors. Jouer au — , 
to endeavour to supplant one 
another. Boute-uors, ou Boute 
DEHORS, (vmr.) fire-booms (and 
other booms). Boute-horsdebon' 
nettes, the studding sail-boom. 
Boute-hors, good utterance,(not 
[Boute-hors, pi. des boute-hors.] 

BOUTEILLAGE, s.m. butlerage. 

BOUTEILLE, b6o-tS/, s.f. bottle, 
quart-bottle. Bouteille coiffie, 
corked bottle. Coiffer, dicoifer 
une^, to cork, to uncork or draw 
a bottle. Trousser, vider uve- — , 
to crack a bottle. Coup de pied 
de — , a red pimple. £lre dans 
la — , to be in the plot or secret. 
Bouteille, bubble. Bouteille, 
(mar.) quarter-gallery. Cuts de 
lampes de — s, lower finishing of 
the quarter-galleries. Fausse, — 

Bouteiller, v. n. v. 3, to be full 
of flaws, blisters or air-bubbles, 
(said of glass). 

BOUTEILLER, b6o-tSr?a,OM siii- 
vant VAcad^mi£, boutillier, a. 
m. butler. 

BOUTER, V. a. v. 3, (old word, 
used by the vulgar for mettre) 
to put. ^outez(?essu5, be covered. 
BoUTER, (mar,) — Is cable au 
cabestan, to bring the cable to the 
capstem, — , to bear off, to push, 
to join, etc. — d Veau, to launch 
into the water, to put to sea. — au 
large, to stand out into the ofling. 
— de lof, to haul the wind, to 
trim sharp. Bouter une peau, 
to shave a hide. Bouter les 
ipirtgles, to stick (pins). 

BOUTER, V. n. V. 3, (said of wine) 
to rope, to become ropy. 

BOUTEROLLE, b6ot-r61, s.f. the 
chape of a scabbard. Boute- 
rolle, (term of jeweller) pua- 





bar, bat, bass, antique: thire, ^bb, ov^r, j^une, mSute, bfeurre, li^n: 

BOUTE-SELLE, s. m. {mil.) the 
boute-selle. Sonner le boute-selle, 
1o sound to horse. 
TBoute-seJle, plur. des boute-selle,'] 

spetid-all, glutton. (Not used.) 
[Boute-toul-cuire, plur. des boute- 


BOUTEUSE, s.f. pin-sticker. 

BOUTILLIER, s. m. V. Bodteil- 

BOUTIQUE, b6o-tik, s. f. shop. 
Ganfinde — , a shopman. Garde 
— , m. an old shopkeeper. Cour- 
laud de — (term of contempt) a 
8hopkeeper,a jou rneyman, a man. 
— de TegratLier, chandler's shop. 
BouTiauE, pedler's box, Bou- 
TiauE, tools, implements, trade. 
BouTiauE, a trunk for fish. 

BOUTIQUIER, s.m. tradesman, 
shopkeeper. Nation boutvpiiere, 
commercial people. 

BOUTIS, b6o-ti, s. m. the rooting- 
place of a wild boar. 

BOUTISSE, b6o-lis, .■!. /. a stone 
laid end-ways, header. 

BOUTOIR, bdo-twar, s. m. the 
snout of a wild boar. {Fig.): 
Coup de houloir, a rough answer, 
a disagreeable proposal. Bou- 
TOIR, (in shoeing horses) butteris, 
parer. Boutoir, currier's knife. 

BOUTON, b6o-ton,s.m. — a queue, 
shank-button. — 8 d^orfevrerie, 
plate-buttnns. — d'nr ench&ssi 
de quelgue pierre pr^ieuse, ouch. 
Le — d*u7ie serrure, the knob, 
handle, button of a lock. *Serrer 
le — & gu£lgu'un, to keep a strict 
hand over . one ; to keep him to 
good behaviour. — de fin, the 
Button of metal found at the 
bottom of a crucible in chemical 
experiments. Booton, bud, but- 
iton, gera. Bohton, pimple, ruby. 
BouTON, knob, sight, (of a can- 
non). Le — qui est A la culasse, 
cascabel. *Bouton-de mer, sea- 
urchin, button. *Bouton-d'or, 
amaranthoidee, everlasting-flow- 
er, gomphrena. "^Bouton-d'ar- 
GENT.sneezewort, eternal flower. 
*BonTON BLANC, immortal or 
everlasting flower ; cudweed. 
BouTON dHlai et de tournevire, 
(mar.) mouses of the stays and 
voyol. —jies bosses, the knots or 
crowning of the stoppers. 

BOUTONNE, E, part, de Bouton- 
ner, v. 3, buttoned, budded. Nez 
boutonnd, a nose full of red pim- 

BOUTONNEMENT, s. m. bud- 

BOl^ONNER, b6o-t6-nal, .,. u. 

V. 3, to button, 
SE BouTONNEB, V. T. V. 3, to button 

one's coat. 
BouTONNER, V. n. V. 3, to bud, to 

BOUTONNERIE, b6o-t6n-rI, s.f. 

BOUTONNIER, bfio-tfi-nla, s.m. 

BOUTONNIERE, b5o-t6-nlJr, s. 

/. button-hole. {Fig. et fam.) : 

*Faire une boutonnihe d quelqu- 

'un, to wound one deeply. 

B0UTS-RIM£S, bflo-ri-ma, s. m. 

pi. bout-rimes. 
BOUT-RIMEUR, s. m. who fills 

up given rhymes, one who writes 

BOUT-SAIGNEUX, s. m. the 

scrag end (of mutton). 
[Bout-saigneux, plur. des bouts 
BOUTURE, b6o-tftr, s.f. the slip 

or cutting of a tree ; sucker. 
BOUTURER, V. n. v. 3, to shoot 

forth suckers. 
BOTJVARD, s. m. a young bull. 

BoDVARD, a hammer formerly 

used in coining. 
BOUVEAU, s. m. a bullock. 
BOUVERIE,b6ov-rl,s.m. astable 

for oxen. 

BOUVERIN, s. m. an ox-stall. 
BOUVET, s. m. plough (plane.) 
BOUVIER, s. m. BouviiSRE, /. 

bfio-via, viSr, cowherd, neat- 
herd, driver, ox-driver or drover. 

Vn sros — , a great clown, a 

churl, a clod-pate. BouviEB,(con- 

stellaiion.) V. Bootes. 
BouviER, s. m. (icii.) bubulca. 


BOUVILLON, b6o-vi-Zon, s. m. 
bullock, steer. 

■►BOUVREUIL ou Pivoine, s. m. 

BOVINE, adj. (only used in the fol- 
lowing); Les bites — s, black 
cattle. Race — , the breed of 
black cattle. 

*BOVIDES, adj. et s. m. pi. (mam.) 
a family of mammalia. 

BOWL, s. m. V. BoL. 

BOXER, V. n. v. 3, to box. SE 
Boxer is used in the same sense. 

BOXEUR, s. m. a boxer. 

BOYARD, s. m. boyard. 

BOYAU, X, bwa-yo, s.m. bowel, 
gut. Corde a — , catgut. Coiffe 
des — X, rim of the belly. — de 
trancMe a branch of a trench (in 
fortification). *C'est un — , it is 
but a slip. BoYAU, a hose, pipe. 

BOYAUDERIE, s.f. place where 
they clean and prepare the en- 
trails of animals. 

BOYAUDIER, bwa-y&-did, s.m. 

BOYE, s.f. V. Booee. 

BOYER, s. m. boyer, smack. 

BOYEZ, s. m. (priest of Florida) 

BRABANT, s. m. Brabant. Bra- 
ban^on, Brahanoon-ne, Brabantin. 
Brabani^ons, (hist.) Brabanciones, 

BRACELET, bras-14, s. m. brace- 

■'BRACHELYTRES, adj. et. s. m. 
pi. (ent.) a family of eoleoptera. 

BRACHER, ti. a. v. 3, to bawl. 

Bracher, v. 3, ou Brasseter, v. a. 
V. 80, (mar.) to brace a yard. 

BRACKET, bra-sh^, s. m. a kind 
of hunting dog, a brache. 

'*BRACHIAL,(Hi;.(07io<.) brachial. 

■•BRACHIDE, s. m. (flnnel.) exter- 
nal part of tentacula of the true 

*BRACHIDE, adj. (anna.) having 
the shape of a little arm. 

*BRACHIE, adj. (bot. ich.) brachi- 

*BRACHl£S, adj. et s. {mol.) 

an order of moUusca ; (zoo.) ah 

order of zoophytes. 
BRACHIO, s. m. bear's cub. 

s. m. pi. (mol.) an order of cepha- 


(anat.) the arteria innominata. 
*BRACHIO-CUBITAL, adj.(ana) 

the brachio-cubitalis (ligament.) 
*BRACHI0L£, adj. (zoo.) an as- 

teria (comatula) so called. 
*BRACHI0NC0S£, »./. (med.) a 

tumour of the arm. 
*BRACHI0NES, adj. el s. 

(zoo.) a tribe of infusoria. 
♦BRACHIONIDES. adj. et s. m. 

pi. (mol.) a fam. of microscopica, 
*BRACfflOFODES, adj. et s. m. 

pi. (mol.) an order of moUusca. 
''BRACHIOPTERES, adj. el s.m. 

pi. (ich.) a family of fishes. 
*BRACHI0-RADIAL, adj. (anat.) 

the brachio-radialis (ligament.) 
*BRACHIOSTOMES, adj. ets.m. 

pi. (zoo.) an order of polypi. 
*BRACHIO'rOMIE, s. f. (chir.) 

the amputation of an arm. 
*BRACHYACANTHE, adj. (bot.) 

with short spines. 

a^. et s. m. pi. (om.) a family of 

*BRACHYCARPE,0(i;.(io(.) with 

short fruit. 
»BRACHYCARPEES, adj. et ». 

f. pi. (bot.) a tribe of crucifene. 
*BRACHYCENTRE, adj (bol.) 

with flowers longer than their 

*BRACHYCERE, adj. (bot.) with 

short spurs, (eiit.) with short an- 

♦BRACHYCERfeES, adj. ets.f. 

pi. (ent.) a section of myodarias. 
*BRACHYCERIDES, adj ets.m. 

pi. (ent.) a group of curculionidse. 
*BRACHYCLADE, ad;.(6o(.)with 

short branches. 
*BRACHYDACTYLE, adj.{orn.) 

with short claws. 
*BRACHYDERIDES, adj. et s. m. 

pi. (ent.) a group of curculionidaj. 
*BRACHYGL0SSE, adj. (bot.) 

term applied to certain synan- 

thera whose composite flowers 

have short radii. 

GRAPHiE, 5. /. brachygraphy, ta- 

chygraphy, short-hajid. 
BRACHYLOGIE, s. f. (rkel.) bra- 

*BRACHYOPODE, adj. (bot.) em- 
bryos with short radicles. 
*BRACHY0TE, adj. (orn.) a strix 

so called. 
■'BRACHYPE, adj. (bot.) with 

short peduncles. 
*BRACHYPETALE, adj. (bot.) 

with short petals. 
•►ERACHYPHYLLE, (bot.) with 

short leaves. 
*BRACHYPNEE, s.f. (med.) bra- 

chypnoea, short breath. 
*BRACHYPODE, adj. (bot.) with 

short petioles. 








r6b, 16rd, m6od, h*od, 



bfise, bfit, bnin. 

•BRACHYPOME, adj. (ic/i.) with 

a short operculum. 
*BRACHYPORE, adj. (6o(.) a bo- 

letus so called. 
"BRACHYPTERE.orfJ. (hot. orn. 

eni.) shoct-winged. 
'BRACHYPTERES, adj. et ». m. 

pL (orn.) a class of birds. 

(orn.) short-billed. 
*BRACHYRHYNQUES, adj. et s.,{ent.) a sect of curculionidae. 
*BRACHYSCIEN, adj. inhabi- 
tants of countries where the sun 

never reaches the zenith. 
BRACHYSTACHYfi, adj. (hot.) 

plant whose flowers are m short 

and small ears. 
*BRACHYST£MONE, adj. (hot.) 

with stamens shorter than the 

*BRACHYSTOME, adj. (wxH.) a 

shell with the aperture but little 

elevated. - 
*BRACHYTfeLOSrYLfi, adj. 

f^in.) a peculiar crystal. 
*BRACHYTOPHYTE, s.m. (hot.) 

cruciferae with siliculose fruit. 
*BRACHYURE, adj. short tailed. 
*BRACHYURES, adj. el s. m. pi. 

(crust.) a family of Crustacea. 
BRACKLAU, s.m. Braclaw. 
BRACMANES, s. Bramins. 
BRACONNAGE. s. m. poaching. 
BRACONNER, bra-k6-nii, v. n. 

V. 3, In poach. 
BEAC0NNIER,bra.-k6.nId, s.m. 


*BRACTEE, s.f. (hot.) bract. 
*BRACTECIRE, adj. (hot) term 

applied to permuted flowers. 
*BRACTEEN, adj. (hot.) term ap- 
plied to the cone, when formed 

by bracts. 

*BRACT£IFERE, adj. (hot.) fur- 
nished with one or more bracts. 
*BRACTfelFOKME, adj. (hot.) 

having the form of a bract. 
»BRACTfeOCARDIE, adj. (hot.) 

with bracts heart-shaped at base. 

*BRACTEOGAME, adj. (hot.) a 

hydrocotile so called. 

•BRACTEOLAIRE, adj. (hot.) 

with very large bracts. 

*BRACTEOLE, s./. (hot.) a small 


*BRACT60L6, adj. (hat.) having 

small bracts, 

•BRACT^TE , a<^'.{5o<.)bracteate. 

*BRACTIFERE. V. Bract^i- 


BRADYPE, s. m. V. Pabesseux. 
*BRADYPEDES, Bradypodes, 

adj. et s. m. pi. (mam.) a family of 

"BRADYPEPSIE, s. f. (med.) 

bradypepsia, tardy digestion. 

(med.) bradyspermatismus. 
BRAGANCfE, s. m. Braganza. 
BRAGOT, s. m. (mar.) pendant 

of the braces or vangs of a lateen 


BRAGUE, s. m. (Portugal) Braga. 
Brague, s. /. (mar.) span. — de 

canon, the breeching of a cannon. 

Tirer & — siche, to fire with the 
breeching shortened. — s de 
gouvernail, rudder stoppers. — s 

pour lancer un vaisseau, a large 
span (used in dock-yards). 

BRAGUET, s. m. (mar.) a rope 
serving to take hold of the heel 
of a top-mast. 

BRAGUETTE, s.f. V. Brayette. 

BRAHMANE, s. m. a Bramin. 

BRAHMANIQUE, ai^. brami- 

BRAHMANISME, s. m. the doc- 
trine of the Bramins. 

BRAI, brS, s.m. pitch, tar; rosin. 

BRAIE, br4, s.f. napkin, clout. 

Braies, .1. /. pi. breeches, trow- 
sers. Sortir d'une affaire les — 
neites, to come off clear. 

Braie ou Broie, s. m. brake (for 
hemp). Braies, (mar.) coats of 
the masts; helm-coats. 

BRAIEMENT, Braire, s. m. 

BRAILLARD, E, bra-Zir ; iard, 

sabst. a bawling; noisy, obstreper- 
ous man orwoman, scold, bawler. 
BRAILLEMENT, brai-man, s. 

m. barking. 

BRAILLER, bra-Za, v. a. et n. v. 

3, to bawl, to be noisy and ob- 

BRAILLEU-R, SE, bri-ifiur, 

Z^uz, adj. suhst. V, Braillard. 

BRAIMENT, s. m. braying. 

BRAIRE, br Jr, v.n. v. 68, to bray. 
*E nefait que — , he don't speak 
to the purpose. 

BRAISE, br6z, s. /. live coal, 
burning coal. Braise, small 
coal, slack; (cui.) a sort of ragout. 

BRAISER, v.a. v. 3, (mi.) to stew, 
to broil. 

BRAISIER, s. m. a trough into 
which the baker puts the hot 
coals when drawn out of the 
oven ; a brasier. 

BRAISIERE, s.f. stew-pan. 

BRAME. V. Br^me de mer. 

BRAMER, bra-md, v. n. v. 3, 
(said only of stags) to bray. 

BRAMINES. F. Bracmanes. 

BRAN, bran, s. m. excrement. 
(Low.) — de son, coarse bran. — 
de scie, saw-dust. — de Judas, 

Bran, part. int. -r-de lui ! a fig 
for him. (Old.) 

BRANCARD, bran-kir, s.m. a 
sedan, litter, hand-barrow, shaft 
(ofa cart, etc.) Brancard, guide 
(one of the two pieces connect- 
ing the Ibreand after-carriage of 
a four-wheeled vehicle). 

BRANCHAGE, bran-shiz, s.m. 
branches, boughs. 

BRANCHE, bransh, s.f. branch, 
bough, stick, arm. Jeune — , 
twig. (Fig.) : Se prendre aux — s, 
to skim along the surface (of a 
discourse. S'accrocher a toutes 
les — s, to try every possible 
means whether fair or foul. 
Branche, branch. Les — s du 
hois d'un cerf, the branches of a 
stag. — de garde d'ipde, the hpw 
of a sword-hilt Les — s d'une 
ichelle, the sides of a ladder. 
Branche, pin-wira Branchh 

defer d cheval, quarter of a horse 
shoe. Branches degommelaque 
laoca,stick-lac,gum-fac. Branch 
ES d'ogives, (arch.) branches of 
ogives. Branche de houline, 
(mar.) bridles; d'en has, lower 
arm of a knee ; supirieure d'une 
courhe, upper part ofa knee ; de 
cypris, beaconage. La — a\nie, 
the elder branch. 

s.f. pi. (zoo.) a sect of hirudinese. 

BRANCHER, bran-ch4, v. a. v. 
3, to hang a thief on a tree. (Old.) 

Brancher, v. n. v, 3, to perch, to 



BRANCHIER, s. m. brancher, a 

goung hawk. 
RANCHIES,s./.pZ. gills. 
*BRANCHIAL, adj. (anat.) relat- 
ing to the branchise or gills, 
*BRANCHIES, s. m. j)l. et adj. 

(rep.) an order of amphibia. 
*BRANCHIFERE, la^'.fumished 

with gills. 
*BRANCHIFERES, s. m. pi. et 

adj. (mol.) an order of gastero- 
*BRANCHI0D£LES, adj. el s. m. 

pi. (annel.) a family of vermes. 
*BRANCfflOGASTRES, adj. et 

s. m. pi. an order of Crustacea. 
*BRANCfflOPNONTES, adj. et 

s. m. pi. a group of invertebral 

anilnals breathing by gills. 
*BRANCHIOPODES, adj. et s.m. 

pi. (crust.) an order of Crustacea. 

(ent.) certain larva so called. 
*BRANCinOSTfiGE, adj. (ich.) 
■ branchiostegous. 
BRANCHI0ST6GES, adj. et ». 

m. pi. (ich.) a class of fishes. 
♦BRANCHIOSl'OME, s. m. (ich.) 

opening through which the gills 

communicate with the exterior. 
' et s. m. pi. (rep.) a fam.of reptilia, 
BRANCHU, E, <H^'. full of branch- 

es,' ramous. 

[JBranchu follows the noun.] 
BRAND, s.m. a two-handed sword 

formerlyused by knights.a brand. 
BRANDE, s. /. heath, furze; 

furze-field. Brandes, boughs of 

BRANDEBOURG, brand-bfior, s, 
m. (Prussia) Brandenburgh 

Brandsbourg, s. f. a sort of 
greatcoat, a surtout Brande- 
BOURG, (on button-holes) frogs. 

BRANDEVIN, brand-vin, s. m 

vi-nia, nifer, s. m. etf. a sutler. 

BRANDI, s. m. V. Chevron. 

Brandi, e, adj. (used only in the 
following) : Enlever un grosfar- 
deau tout brandi, to take up a 
great heavy burthen all at once. 
Enleeer un homme tout brandi, to 
take away a man just as he is. 

man, s. m. swinging. 

BRANDILLER, bran-di-Za, v. a. 
v 3, to swine, to shake to and fro 


bar, bat, base, antique: thJre, fbb, ov^r, j^une, mSute, bfeurre, li5n: 

IE Br^ndiller, V, r. v. 3, (o swing, 
to seesaw. 

BRANDILLOIRE, bran-di-Zwir, 
s.f, swing, seesaw ; (agr.) swing- 

BRANDIR, bran-dlr, «. a. v. 4, 
to brandisii, to swing. Brandir 
un chevron sur la panne, to settle, 
fix or fasten a rafter on a beam. 

BRANDON, brarvdom, s. m. a 
wisp of straw lighted. — , fire- 
brand, flake of fire. — , de la dis' 
corde, the flames of discord. 

BRANDONNER un champ, v. a. 
V. 3, to mark the seizure of the 

BRANLANT, E, adj. v. shaking, 
^■agging, tottering. 
[Branlant follows the noun in 


BRANLE, branl, s. m. jogging, 
"push, swing, tossing, motion, 
shaking. Stmner en — , to ring out 
the bells. J^tre en — , to be in be in suspense, balance, 
doubt, agitation. Donnerle — aux 
autres, to stir up the rest, to set 
them 10 work, to incite, to en- 
courage them. Branle, brawl, 
a sort of dance. Branle, ham- 
mock. Tendre les — s, to sling 
the hammocks, (old.) 

BRANLE-BAS, s.m. to clear the 
decks. — ! up all hammocks ! 

BRANLEMENT, branl-man, s. 
m. jogging, swaying. 

BRANLER, bran-la, v. a. v. 3, to 
jog, to wag, to move, to shake, 
to brandish. 

Brani^r, v. n. to shake, to jog, to 
totter, to rock. * — au manche, 
to be irresolute, wavering; to 
stagger, to waver, to be in doubt. 

Branler, to stir, to move to wag. 
Branler, {said of troops) to give 

BRANLEU-R, SE, s. shaker. 

BRANLOIR, bran-lwSir, s.f. see- 

BRAQUE, brak, s. m. el f. (dog) 
brack. (F^. el fam.) Cejeune 
homme est un vrai — , he is a 
wild young dog of a fellow., 

Braciue, s.f, claw. 

BRilQUEMART, s. m. a cutlass, 
a hanger, a whinyard. 

BRAQUEMENT, brik-man, s. 
m. the levelling or pointing of a 
piece of ordnance. 

BRAQUER, bra-Ad, v. a. v. 3, to 
set, to turn, to level, to point (a 
cannon.) Braquer un canon, to 
level or point a canon. 

BRAS, brS., s. m. arm, power, 
courage. Enlre ' 7nes — , in my 
arms. A — ouverls, with open 
arms. A pleins-^hy armfuls. 
Un — de Ttier, an arm of the sea. 
Aforcede — , with main strength. 
Avoir de grandes ajfaires sur 
les — , to have great concerns in 
hand. Faire iamber les — , to 
amaze, to astonish. Faire guel- 
gue chose hautles — , to do a thing 

. with authority. — droit, • second! 
Moulin d — -, a handmill. Its, 
n'emlrassent — dessus — dessous, 
they hugged one another. — d'^c- 
remsse, the claws of a crabfish. 

Les — de la mort, the jaws of 
death. Avoir les — retroussis, to 
have one's sleeves tucked or 
tunied up to the elbows. A 
tour de — with £(11 one's might. 
Bras de cheval, (man.) that part 
of the fore-leg of a horse from 
the shoulder to the knee. — 
leine, the fins of a. whale.— de 
brouelle, the handle of a wheel- 
barrow. Bras, sconces. Bras, 
(in turning), rest. Bras de ver- 
gues, (mar.) braces, ties. Grands 
— , main braces- — de misaine, 
forebraces. — du ,vent, wea'ther- 
hrace.-^de sous le vent, lee-brace. 
Faux — , preventer-biaces.— de 
pic ou de come, vang. — d'aviron, 
arm or inner part of an oar. — de 
revers, lee-brace. Bon — , braced 
in. Faire ion — , to square the 
yards. — d'ancre, anchor-arms. 
I'enir un — , to hatil in and fasten 
the brace. Bras, hands. Des — 
inuiiles, useless hands. 

A TOUR DE Bras, loc. adv. with 
all one's might. , 

Bras dessus. Bras dessous, 2oc. 
adv. arm in arm. 

ERASER, V. a. v. 3, to braze, 

BRASIER, bri-zia, s. m. a quick 
clear fire. Brasier ou inieux 
])RAisiER,a pan for coals, brazier. 

*BRASIL, s.f. {min^ marcasite. 

BRASILLEMENT, s. m. (rmr) 
glittering, glancing, sparkling. 

BRASILLER, bra-zi-M, v. a. v. 
3, to broil a little — to sparkle. 
La m£T brasille, the sea sparkles. 

BRASQUE, s. /. cement (niade 
of clay and coal-dust), brasqiie. 

BRASQUER, c. a. v. 3, to lute a 
crucible or furnace, to brasque. 

BRASSAGE, s. m. the minting or 
coining of money. Droit de—, 
coinage. V. Brasseyage. 

BRASSARD, bra-sird, .•!. m. 
bracelets, a vambrace, a leather- 
cuff or bracer. 

BRASSE, bras, «. /. fathom, six 
feet. Pain de — , a twenty or 
twenty-five pound loaf. 

BRASS^E, bra-sa , s.f. an armful. 

BRASSER, bra-sa, v. a. v. 3, to 
brew, to mix, to stir. Brasser, 
to brew, to hatch, to work, to 
plot. Brasser ct faire servir, 
[mar.) to fill the sails after hav- 
ing been braced a-back. — les 
voiles sur le m&t, to brace the 
sails a-back. Brasse tribord! 
brace to starboard! — au vent! 
brace the sails in ! or haul the 
weather-braces! Brasse carri! 
square the yards! Brasse d cen- 
tre ! brace the sails a-back ! 
counter-brace. Brasse tout a cu- 
ler .' lay all flat a-back ! Brasse 
sous le vent, haul in the lee- 
braces! or brace up the yards! 

BRASSERIE, brks-rl, s.f. brew- 
ery, brewhouse. 

BRASSEU-R, SE, brSi-sfeur, seuz, 
s. m. et f. brewer, brewer's wife. 

BRASSEYAGE ou Brassage, s. 
m. (mar.) the act of bracing the 
yards. — , inner quarters of a 
yard between the shrouds. 

BRASSIAGE, s.m. (mar.) depth (nf 
the sea). 
*BRASSICiES, adj. et s. f. pU 
(bot.) a tribe of crucifene. 
BRASSrCOURT, s. m. (man.] 
brassicavit, brachicavit. 
BRASSIERES, bra-sI4r, 
a night-wuistcoat of a child or 
for a woman, £tre en — , to be 
under restraint. Brassieres, 
the straps of a knapsack. 
BRASSIN, bra -sin, s. m. a brew- 
ing copper, a brewing. 
ERASURE, «. / brazing, solder- 

ERAVA, s. m. (the island) Bravo. 
BRAVACHE, bra-vash, s, m. 
bully, braggadocio, swaggerer. 
BRAVADE, bra-vad, s. /. bi;a- 
vado, hectoring. Sans vous faire 
— , without disparagement to 

BRAVE, brav, adj. des 2 genres, 
brave, gallant, true. Brave, 
(Jam.) smart, fine, spruce. 
Brave, honest. Un — homme, an 
honest fellow. Braye, {«k5 ) man 
of spirit, etc. Brave, (fam.) c'est 
un—i trois polls, he is true blue, 
regular game. Brave, bravo, 
bully, swaggerer. Faux — , a 
bully. J^aire le — , to look big." 
[Brave precedes or follows, 
sometimes varies the sense in va- 
rying the position : un brave hom- 
me, an honest man ; un homme 
brave, a brave man. Un brave 
capitaine, and not un capitaine 
brave, the analogy between the 
nouns and epithet being such as 
to exclude any thing like ambi- 
guity. See Adjectif.] 
BRAVEMENT, brkv-mia, adv. 
bravely, stoutly, valiantly, man- 
fully. Bravement, skilfully, 
finely, cleverly. 
[Bravemera after the verb ; be- 
tween the auxil. and the verb.] 
BRAVER, bra-va, v. a. v. 3, to 
defy, to set at defiance, to dare, 
to beard, to face, to brave. 
BRAVERIE, brav-rl, s.f. bra- 
very, finery, fine clothes ; (fam. 
and obsolescent.) 

BRAVO, s. m. a bravo, a hired 

assassin. (The Italian plural 

bravi is sometimes used.) 

BRAVO, adv. (in applauding), 

bravo ; sub. mille — s, a thousand 


BRAVOURE, bra-vdor, s.f. sing. 

bravery, courage, manhood, gS- 

lantry. — en musique. Air de — , 

a bravura. — s,pl. achievements, 

BRA YE, s. /. the tarred canvas 

coating of the masts, helm coats 

BRAYER, bra-ya, s. m. taiss, 

bandage. Brayer, the brail or 

pannel of a hawk. Brayers, 

tackle, ropes. 

Braver, v. a. v. 80, un vaisseau, 
(mar.) to pitch a ship, to pay a 
BRAYETTE, bra-yjt, s. / flap. 


BREANT, brd-an, s. m. siskin, a 

BREBIAGE, s.m. tax upon sheep. 
BREBIS, br^-bl, s. /. ewe Tm- 







rftbe, r6b, 16rd, 

miod, h5od. 






ion de — , fleece ; (fg.) Vne—ga- 
leuse, a black sheep. [77i ryias 
de — , a dry meal. 
"BRECCldLAI RE, adj. (geol.)a. 
rock enclosing foreign bodies in 
its cement. 
'BRECI-IE, brfsh, s. /. breach, 
rift, flaw, ruption, rupture, hia- 
to-"!. Sattre en — , to baiter a wall 
.11 order to make a breach. 
BRKCHE,nolch,gap,ete. Brp:che, 
gap, flaw, breach, diminution, 
prejudice, damage. — aux privi- 
ties, etc., an encroachment on 
the privileges, etc. Bubche, 
breccio (a kind of marble). 
f. that has lost front teeth. 

[Breche-dent, plur. des hommes, 
desfetnmes brhihe-dent^ 
BRECHET, s. m. brisket, (fam.) 
*BRECHirORME, adj. Igeol) 

similar to a breccia. 
BRECHIN, s. m. Brechin. 
BRECKNOCK, s. m. Brecknock. 
BREDA, s. m. (Holland), Breda. 
BREDI-BREDA, huniedly, con- 
fusedly, blunderingly. 
BREDINDIN, s. m. {mar.) garnet, 
small stay-tackle, burton. 
*BREDISSURE, s./. {jned.) teta- 
nus, locked-jaw. 

BREDOUILLE, brM5oZ, s.f. (at 
trictrac), lurch. Jcmer — , to play 
lurches; (Jig. el fam.) Sortir — 
d^un lieu, to go as one came. 
man, ». m. stuttering, stammer- 
ing, faltering. 

BREDOUILLER, br«-d6o-Zd, t>. 
n. V. 3, to stammer, stutter, not 
to speak one's words plain, to 
falter. (Sometimes used actively.) 
V. Balbutier, 
BREDOUILLEU-R, SE, br^-d6o- 
l&UT, euz, s. m. et f. stammerer, 
stutterer, stuttering person. 
BR-EF, EVE, brdf, br6v, adj. s. 
brief, short, compact, succinct. 
Une breve, {poet, et mus.) a short 
syllable or note. Avoir le par- 
ler, la parole — e, to be a man of 
few words ; to speak abruptly. 
E.N Bref, adv. in a few words, in 
short, in a word. 
Bref, adv. in short, to be short. 
Bref, s. m. a brief or pope's let- 
ter, state-warrant Bref, a brief 
(a sort of church calendar). 
BR£GE, s /. a sturgeon net. 
BREGIN, s. m. a net with narrow 

♦BREGMA, s. m. (anal.) the sum- 
mit of the head, 

BREHAIGNE, bra-Sng, adj. 

•BRftlNE, s /. (chim.) a crystal- 
line substance found in thp resin 
of the arbol a-brea. 
BRELAN on plutot Breland, 
br^-lan, s. m. a game at cards, 
gleek. Tenir — , to keep a ga- 

BRELANDER, br^-lan-da, v. n. 

V. 3, to game, to be a gamester ; 

{fam. and al ways in a bad sense.) 


dia, difer, s. m. elf. gamester, a 

gambler, a tradesman err work- 
man who has no shop. 
BRELEE, ■■!./. sheep-fodder. 
BRELl-BRELOQUE, adv. heed- 
lessly, carelessly. 
BRELLE, s.f. a raft. 
BRELOQUE, brS-l6k, s. f. bau- 
ble, gewgaw, whim-wham, toy, 

trinket, kickshaw, {fam.) 

BRELUCHE, s./. drugget. 

*EREME,br«m,s./.(i:cA.) bream. 

*BRi5ME de mer ou brame, s. /. 
Uck.) brama saxatilis. 

BRENEU-X, SE, bra-n6u, neuz, 
ad), beshit, beshitten. (Low.) 

*BRENTIDES, adj. el s. m. pi. 
{ent.) a group of curculionides, 

BR^SIL, bra-ziZ, s.m. Brazil. 

BRESIL, brd-zil, s. m. Brazil- 

*BR£SIIJNE, s. /. a red colour- 
ing matter found in Brazil wood. 

BRESILL6, E, adj. friable. 

BRESILLER, bra-zi-Za, v. a. v. 
3, to break into small pieces, cut 
small ; dye with Brazil-wood. 

BRESILLET, s. m. Brasilletto or 
Jamaica-wood, haematoxylum. 

BRESLAW, s. m. Breslaw. 

BRESLINGUE, s.f. a variety of 
the strawberry. 

BRESOLES, s.f. pi. (cuis.) bresol. 

BRESSE, s.f. Brescia. 

BRESSIN, s. m. tackle-hook. 

BREST, (France), Brest. 

BRESTOIS, E, adj. of Brest. 

BRETAGNE, s. /. Brittany. La 
Grande — , Great Britain. Bre- 
TAGNE, (fa Nouvclle-), New-Bri- 

BR6TAILLER, bri-ta-Za, v. n. 
V. 3, to tilt. (Always in a bad 

BR^TAILLEUR, bra-tJ-Z4ur, «. 
m. a tilter, a bruiser, a bully. 

BRETAUDER, bra-t6-da, v. a.y. 
3, to cut or clip the hair uneven- 
ly, to cut too short, to dock. — un 
clteval, to crop a horse's ears. 

BRETELLE, br^-t^l, s.f. strap. 
Bretelles, (pi.) braces, gal- 
lowses,, suspenders. En avoir 

jusguaux—sOTipar dessus les — s, 
to be over head and ears in 

BRETESSE, E,o<Z;. (iZ.) bretesse. 

BRETON, NE, adj. el s. native 
of Brittany, Briton. V. AiiMO- 

BRETTE, br4t, s.f. (old), rapier, 
long sword. 

BRETTE, E, adj. notched, in- 
dented, jagged, toothed like a 

BRETTELER, v. n. v. 73, (arch.) 
to tool. 

BRETTER la terre, v. a. v. 3, 
(sculp.) to clear the clay. 

BRETTEUR, br^-tfiur, s.m. bul- 
ly, hector. (Only in a bad sense.) 

BRETTURE, br^-tftr, s.f. teeth. 
Brettures, notches (made by a 

BREUIL, s. m. an enclosed copse. 
Breuils. V. Cargbes. 

BREUILLER. Y. Carguer. 

BliEUVAGE, brfiu-vaz, <!. m. be- 
verage, potion, draught, liquor, 

drink. — pour un clteval, a drink, 
a drench. 

BREVE, s.f. short syllable. 

BREVET, br^-v4, s. m. brief of 
the crown, a warrant, a writ, a 
certificate, a diploma, commis- 
sion of an oflicer, a patent. — 
d'apprenlissage, the indenture of 
an apprentice. — , (mar.) bill of 
lading. — , charm, spell. — , li- 
quor, a mixture of dyeing drugs 
or ingredients.—, size, (for cloth), 

BREVETAIRE, s. m. (jur.) the 
bearer of the king's warrant for 
a church-preferment. 

Brevete, e, part, patented. 

BREVETER, br«v-ta, v.a. v. 76, 
to give a warrant, a commission, 
a patent, a brevet. 

BREVTAIRE, bra-vi4r, s. m. 
breviary, portass. £tre au boat 
de son — , to be at one's wit's end. 

*BREVICAUDE,<H&. short-tailed. 

*BREV1CAUDES, adj. et s. 
(om.) a family of gradatores. 

*BREVICAULE, adj. (bot.) short- 

*BREVlCOLLE,a(Z;. (n.h.) short- 

*BREVICORNE, adj. (ent.) with 
short antennse. 

*BREVIDENTE, adj. (ich.) with 
short teeth. 

*BREVIFLORE, adj. (bol.) with 
short flowers. 

*BR£VIF0LIE, adj. (bot.) short- 

■►BREVIPEDE, adj. (tot.) with 
short peduncles ; (orn.) short 

*BREVIPEDES, adj. et s. 
(orn.) an order of birds ; (i-ep.) an 
order of sauri. 

*BREVIPENNE,arfj. (orn.) shorl- 

*BREVIPENNES, adj, el s. m. 
pi. (orn.) a family o£ birds ; (enl ) 
a family of coleoptera. 

*BREVIROSTRE, adj. (om.) 
short-billed ; (ich.) short-snouted. 

*BREVIROSTRES, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (mam.) a family of mammalia; 
(ent.) a division of curculionides. 

*BREVISCAPE, adj. (bot.) short- 

*BREVISETE, adj. (bot.) with 
short peduncles. 

*BRfeVISTYLE, adj. (bot.) with a 
short style. 

*BR£V1STYLES, adj. et s. 
(bol.) a tribe of plants. 

*BR]5VIVALVE, adj. (bot.-) an 
erianthus so called. 

*BREVIVENTRE, adj. (enl.) 

BREVITE, 5./. shortness. (Only 
applied to quantity of syllables.) 

BREVIUSCULE,a(Z7.rather short. 

*BREXIACEES, adj. el s 
(bot.) a family o)' plants. 

BR6Z0LE, s.f. a ragout of meat 
and fowls. 




bar, bat, base, antique: ihSre, ^bb, ov^r, j^une, inSute, beurre, 


BRIBE, brib, s./. a great lump 
of bread; (yop.) Bribks, scraps, 
fragments of meat, oflals, orts. 
Des — 8, de latin, scraps of Latin. 
BRIC-A-BRAC, .1. m. odds and 
. ends. (Only used in this phrase). 
Marchand de — , a dealer in old 
iron, old pictures; a dealer in 
odds and ends. 
BRICK, .f. m. (jrmr.) brig. 
BRICOLE, bri-k61, s.f. thebreast 
or chest band of a draught-horse. 
Bricole, (at billiards) bricole, 
rebound, a side or back sti'olie. 
Donner une — dquelqu^un, to put 
a sham upon one, to sell him a 
bargain, to impose on him. De 
— , par — , adv. indirectly. Bri- 
coLEs, straps, toils, (nets), Bri- 
cole, (mar.) uneasy rolling of a 
ship, frequently occasioned by 
iron ballast. 

BRICOLER, brt-k6-ld, v. n. v. 3, 
(at billiards) to bricole, to loss 
something hot in one's mouth, to 
cool it before swallowing. Bri- 
COLER, to deal with tergiversa- 
tion, to play fast and loose. (In 
this sense it is little used). 

BRICOLIER, s. m. the off-horse. 

BRIDE, brld, s. /. bridle, reins, 
check, curb. Tenir la — haute 
a un cheval, to keep a tight rein. 
Courir a ioute — , a — abattuef to 
run full speed. Tourner — , to 
turn back, to turn short, to wheel 
about. Bride de biguin ou de 
bonnet, a stay. Bride de boulon- 
niire, etc. the loop of a button- 

. hole, etc. — de denteUe, a bar of 
lace. Bride, (in agun loc.k)bridle. 
Brides a veaux, foolish, silly 
reasons, a sham. 

BRIDfi, E, part, de Brider, v. 3, 
bridled. Oison bride, a silly crea- 
ture, a booby. Jvge hridd, igno- 
rant judge. La bicasse est bndie, 
the booby is trapped, he is caught. 

BRIDER, bri-da, v. ,a. v, 3, to 
bridle, to put on a bridle. Bri- 
der, to tie fast or hard. Briber 
le nez a (jueliju'un avec un fouet, 
etc., to hit, to strike one over the 
face with a whip, etc. Brider 
uiiepierre (in quarrying) to fasten 
a stone. Briber I'ancre, (mar.) 
to stay or to bridle, or to shoe the 
anchor. Briber la potcnce (in 
Tunning at the ring) to strike the 
staff from which the ring liangs. 
Briber les serres d*un oiseau, to 
muffle a bird's talons. Briber, 
to bridle, to restrain, to tie one's 
hands, to curb, to keep under, to 
keep in, to oblige. — la bdcasse, to 
make a noodle of one. 

BRIDOIR, bri-dwJlr, s. m. a cap 
string or chin-cloth. 

BRIDOLE, s. /. (carpenter's tool) 

BRIDON, bri-don, s. m. snaffle- 

BRIE, s./. Brie. — , s. m. rolling- 
pin. P&te bride, rolled paste. 

BRIER, v. a. v. 3, to work dough. 

BRI-EF, EVE, adj. short, brief. 

(jur.) Ajoumemenl' i irois briefs 

jours, a throe days' adjournment. 

Bonne et brihie justice, a good 


and quick despatch of justice. 
(Nearly ' obsolete, but formerly 
much used in law). 

adv. briefly, in few words, suc- 
cinctly, laconically, summarily, 
compendiously, in short. 
[.Bri^uc7nfin( may come between 

the auxiliary and the verb.] 

BRIEVETE, bri-ev-ti, s.f. bre- 
vity, shortness, briefness, con- 
ciseness, succintncss. 

B R I F E, s.f. a large piece of 
bread. (Pop.) 

BRIFER, V. a.\. 3, to eat greedily, 
to devour. 

BRIFEU-R, SE, s m. et f. rave- 
nous feeder, one who devours his 
victuals, a greedy gut. (Pop.) 

BRIGADE, bri-gad, s.f. brigade. 
Brigade, band, body, company. 

BRIGADIER,, s. m. 
a non-commissioned officer in the 
cavalry, corresponding to cor- 
poral in the infantry ; (mar.) the 
first sailor of a boat's crew. 

BRIGAWD, bri-gan, s.m. brigand, 
highwayman, robber, peculator, 

BRIGANDAGE, bri-gan-daz, s. 
m. robbery, robbing on the high- 
way, depredation. 

BRIGANDEAU, s. m. a paltry 
cheat, a petifbgging knave. 

BRIGANDER, brl-gan-da, v. n. 
V. 3, to rob, to take to the high- 

BRIGANDINE, s.f. brigandine. 

BRIGANTIN, bri-gan-tin, s. m. 
brigantine, brig. 

BRIGANTINE, s. f (mar.) a bri- 

BRIGITTIN, E, monk or nun of 
St. Brigitta. 

BRIGNOLE, bri-gn5I, s. /. tho 
Brignole plum. 

BRIGUE, brig, s.f. an intrigue 
to get preferrecC , canvassing, 
earnest suing, and making inte- 
rest for preferment, a place, etc., 
competition, cabal,faction, party. 
(Mostly used in a bad sense). 

BRIGUER, bri-g-a, «, a. v. 3, to 
sue earnestly, to seek for, to make 
an interest for, to stand for, to 
canvass, to solicit, to seek, to 
court, 10 put in for. 

BRIGDEUR, bri-g-Sur, s.m. candi- 
date, one who stands for, makes 
an interest for a place, prefer- 
ment, etc. (Little used.) 

BRILLAMMENT, bri-Zi-man, 
adv. brilliantly, in a brilliant 

[BrilMmment generally follows 
the verb.] 

BRILLANT, E, brl-Hn. /ant, 
adj. brilliant, shining, sparkling, 
lucid, lustrous, gleamy,effulgent, 
resplendent, radiant. 

Brillant, s. m. brilliancy, bright- 
ness, splendour, radiancy, reful- 
fence, gleam, light, water, lustre. 
I rCa point de — , he is dull. 
Brillant, a brilliant, a diamond 
cut into angles. 
[BriUant may precede the noun 

where there is both harmony and 

analogy ; brlllants appas, brillajites 
claries. See Adjectif.] 
BRILLANTE, E, bri-Zai,-td, adj. 
gaudy. Style — , a gaudy style. 
J^tre — dans ses mots, to make 
use of fnr-fetched expressions. 
BRILLANTER, brl-Zan-ta, v. a. 
V. 3, to cut a diamond into angles. 
BRILLE, s.f. (Holland) La Brille. 
BRILLER, brI-Za, d. n. v. 3, to 
shine, to glitter, to sparkle, to 
glisten, to be bright, sparkling, 
etc., to play, to blaze, to dawn 
to lighten, to flourish, to gleam, 
to twinkle. Briller (said of a 
hound) to range. 
BRILLOTER, v. n. v. 3, to shine 
in a narrow sphere, in a small 
way, (fam ) 
BRIMBALE, brin-bal, s. f. the 
brake or handle of a pump. 
BRIMBALER, brin-ba-la, v. a. 
V. 3, to swing. Brirhbaler les 
cloches, to set the bells a-going, 
to ring them. 
BRIMBORION, brin-b&-rlon, s. 
m, bauble, foolery, gewgaw, toy, 
knick-knack, kickshaw, (fam.) 
BRIN, brin, s. m. blade, slip, a 
slender stalk. Brin, sprig, shoot, 
slick (of a tree). Bois de — , 
solid timber, (fam.) Un beau — 
d'homTne, a .tail well-set youth. 
Brin, bit, etc. Un — de paille, a 
straw. Un — de Jil, a bit of 
thread. Chanvre dti premier — , 
tho best part of hemp. Chanvre 
d^ deuxieme — , combings of the 
hemp. II tUtj en a — , there ia 
none at all (not the least crumb, 
bit, etc., of any thing). 
Brin a drin, adv. by little, bit by 

bit, piece-meal, slip by slip. 
Bri,\ d'estoc, s. m. a sort of staff, 

BRINASSE, s.f. the second qua- 
lity of tow. 
BRINDE, brind, s.f. health, toast. 
On leur porta dea — s, their health 
was drunk. 
BRINDILLE, J./, a short slender 

BRINDONES, s. m. (fruit of India) 

BRINGUEBALE, ».y. K Brim- 
BRIOCHE, brl-6sh, s. /. (cake) 

*BRION, bri-on, s.m. bry um, wall- 

Brion, s. m. (mar.) forefoot (placed 
at the extremity of the keel for- 

BRIQUE, brik, s.f. brick. 
BRIQUET, brl-ftf, s. m. a steel. 

BaUre le — , to strike fire. d 

piston ou pneumalique, a pneu- 
matic tinder-box. BaiaaET, a 
short sabre (used by infantry). 
BRIQUETAGE, brik-taz, s. m. 
brick-work. Briciuetage, coun- 
terfeit brick-work. 
BRIQUETE, E, brlk-td, adj. el 
part, de briqueter; v. 76, brick- 
like, of a brick colour. 
BRIQUETER, brik-ta, v. a. v 
76, to make brick-like. Bri- 
aiJETER, V. 71. to lay bricks, [a 
build with bricks. 







rfibe, r5b, 16rd, ni6od, h6od, v5s, mora 




BRIQUETERIE, brik-trl, s. /. 
brickfield, brickkiln. 

BRIQUETIER, brik-tia, s. m. 

BRIQUETTE, «./. a square piece 
of turf, etc., used as fuel. 

BRIS, s. m. (jur.) the breaking 
open. Bris, breaking prison, 
making one's escape out of pri- 
son. Bris, wrack or wreck. 

BRISANS, bri-zan, s. 
breakers. Brisans, shelves, 
rocks (the tops of which are even 
with the water.) 

BRISCAMBILLE, ». /. Y. Brus- 


BRISE, briz, s. f. {mar.) breeze, 
a fresh gale of wind, land-wind. 
— carabinie, a hard gale of wind. 

BRISE, E, adj. et part, de Bnser, 
V. 3, broken to pieces, harassed, 
fatigued, folding. Carosse — , a 
landau. Armes — est, coats of 
arms rebated or diminished. 
Comhle — , a hipped roof. 

BRISE-COU, s. m. a break-neck 

step or stair, {man.) a coltbreaker. 

[Brise-cou, plur. des brise-coa,] 

BRISEES, brl-za, s./.pl. blinks, 
boughs cast in the deer's way. 
Svivre les — de quelqu'un, to 
follow one's steps, to copy after 
one, to imitate him. Aller, courir 
sur les — de qtielqii^un^ to come 
in contact or competition with 
one. Reprendre ses — , to resume 
one's former design. 

BRISE-FER, brlz-fAr, s. m. a very 
strong fellow, a Hercules. 

BRISE-GLACE, brlz-glas, j.. m. 
starlings (of a bridge). 
[Bnse-glace, plur. des hrise- 


BRISEMENT, brlz-man, s. m. 
breaking, breakers, ie — des 
imjoges, the breaking of images. 
Xe — de coeurj a contrite heart. 

♦BRISE-OS, s.m. (hot. et orn.) ossi- 
fragum, osprey, aquila marina. 

BRISER, bri-za , v. a. v. 3, to break 
or beat to pieces, to flaw, to burst, 
to crack, knock off, to shatter, to 
shiver, to snap, to crush, to crash. 
Briser, to bruise. V. Casser. 

Briser, v. n. V. 3, {mar.) to break, 
to dash, to split, lis ont brisi 
ensemble, they have fallen out. 
{Fig. et jam.) Brisons — Id, no 
more of that, let us break off 

BE Briser, v. r. v. 3, to break, to 
be broken to pieces, to refract. 
BE Briser, to fold up. Armes a 
feu qui se briseni, qui se ddmdn- 
tent, fire-arms which take to 
pieces, poacher's guns. 

BRISE-RAISON, s. m. a prattler, 
a babbler. 

[Brise-raison, plur. des brise- 

BRISE-SCELLE, s. m. one who 
breaks the seal or takes goods, 
etc. after they have been sealed 
up by legal authority. 

!Brise-scelli, pi. des brise-scelU]. 

BRISE-TOUT, s. m. a careless 

awkward person who breaks 

everything that comes in his 

way, a break-all, a smash-all. 

BRISEUR, bri-z6ur, s. m. (used 

only in these phrases) — d'ima^es, 

image-breaker ; — de sel. a kind 

of salt-officer. 

BRISE-VENT, brlz-van, s. m. 

{korl.) shelter. 
[Brise-vent, plur des brise-vent]. 

BRISGAW, s. m. (Ger.) Brisgaw. 

BRISlS,5.m.(orcA.) V. Mansabde. 

BRISOIR, bri-zwir, s. m. a brake 
or hatchel (for flax). 

BRISOIRES, f. f. pi. sticks (for 


BRISQUE, s.f. a game at cards. 

BRISOIDES ou Brissites, s. m. 
(fossil) brissoides. 

BRISSUS OK Brisse. ». m. {zoo.) 
brissus, brissoides. 

BRISTOL, s.f. (England) Bristol. 

BRISURE, brl-zir, s. m. {U.) re- 
batement or abatement. Bri- 
SDKE, break, crack, flaw. 

BRITANNIQUE, bri-ta-nik, adj. 
British, Britannic. 

BBiTANNiauE, s. f. (plant) dock, 
the least sharp-pointed dock. 

BROC, bro, s. m. a large jug (ge- 
nerally of wood or metal.) Broc, 
spit, (used only in this phrase) 
manger de la viande de — en 
bouche, to eat the meat burning 
hot, as soon as it is off the spit. 

De eric et de broc, loc. adv. et 

fam. II a ramassd des icus de — , 
he has one way or another 
scraped together some money. 
(The c in this locution has the 
sound of k.) 

BROCANTAGE, s. m. dealing in 
second hand toys, jewels, etc., 
the business of a broker. 

BROCANTER, br5-kan-ta, v. n. 
v. 3, to deal in second-hand toys, 
jewels, pictures, goods. 

BROCANTEU-R, SE, br5-kan- 
t^ur, duse, s. m. /. a dealer in 
second-hand toys, jewels, pic- 
tures, etc., a broker. 

BROCARD, br5-kar, s. m. a 
taunt, a rub, a wipe, a joke, a 

BROCARDER, br5-kar-da. v. a. 
V. 3, to give a rub, a wipe, a 
taunt, to jest upon, to jeer, to 
scoff at. 

BROCARDEU-R, SE, br5-kar- 
dfeur, deuz, s. m. et f. scoffer, 

BROCART, s. m. brocade. 

BROCATELLE, bri-ka-tSl, s.f. 
brocatelle, linsey-woolsey, tinsel. 
— , s.f. (marble) brocatello. 

*BROCHA, s. m. jil. {mam.) a fa- 
mily of mammalia pinnipedia. 

BROCHAGE, s. m. stitching or 
sewing (a book). 

BROCHANT, adj. indiclin. (bl.) 
over all. Brochant sur le tout, 
a nailer, a clencher; to boot. 
Un gros rliume — sur le tout, a 
severe cold to boot. 

BROCHE, brJsh, s.f. spit, broach 
(for meat). Broche, peg or spi- 
got, tap, quill, faucet. Couper 
— A une affaire, to put a stop to a 
thing. Broche, a knitting-nee- 
dle, a spindle. Broche, (cloth) 
a drab. Broches (weaver's) 
reeds. Broche, the stick where- 

on candles, etc. hang in a shop 

■ Broche (in fire-wOrks) spike, pin 
spindle. Broche, the stem (of a 
lock). Broche. a shoemaker's 
pegging awl. Broches, (in car 
pet-weaving) shuitle. Broches 
the tusks of a wild boar. 

BROCHEE, br5-sha,, s.f. a spit, 
full (of meat). Brochee, a rod 
(of candles). 

BROCHER, brfi-sha, v. a. v. 3, 
to work a stuff' with gold, silk, 
etc. Damas brocH, damask of 
various colours. Brochejc un 
livre, to stitch or sew a book. 
Brocher des bas, to knit stock 
ings. Brocher un clou, to strike 
a nail into a horse's foot. Bro- 
cher un talon, (in shoemaking". 
to fasten a heel with nails. Bro- 
cher, to write, to compose in a 
hurry, in haste, to dispatch. Jl 
broche tout ce qu'il fait, he does 
all things in a hurry. 

*BR0CHET, brfi-shS, s. m. {ieh.) 
pike, jack. Brochet carreau, 
a very large pike. Brochet de 
mer. V. Becune. Brochet de 
ierre, salamander. 

BROCHET ER, v. a. v. 76, to 

Brocheter, v. n. v. 76, {mar.) to 
give the scantlings of the seve- 
ral pieces of a ship's frame. 

BROCHETON, brfish-ton, s. m. 
a small pike, pickerel. 

BROCHETTE, brO shJt, s. f. 
skewer. Assujettir avec une — , 
to skewer. Elever des otseaux 
d la — , to feed birds with a little 
stick. Enfant elevd d la — , a 
child brought up with great 
care. Brochette. V. feoHELLE 
campanaire. Brochette, {mar.) 

BROCHEU-R, SE, s. m. et f. a 
knitter, a book-stitcher. 

BROCHOIR, br6-shwar, ». m. a 
smith's shoeinj-hammer. 

RIER, s. m. pamphleteer, (obs.) 

BROCHURE, br6-shar, s. f. 
stitching, a book stitched and 
covered with a wrapper. Bro- 
chure, a pamphlet. 

BROCOLI, br5-k5-li, s. m. (cab- 
bage) broccoli ; sprout. 

BROCOTTES, s.f. the buttery 
parts of buttermilk. 

BRODEQUIN, brSd-ki™, s. m. 
brodkin, sock; half-bools, laced 

BRODEauiNS, jpZ. boots, a kind of 

BRODER, brJda, v. a. v. 3, to 
to embroider. Broder, to adorn, 
to embellish a story, to add to 
the trulh, to set off, to feign. 

BRODERA, s.m.(Indostan)Brodra. 

BRODERIE, br5d-rl, s. f. em- 
broidery. Parterre en broderie, 
a garden with knots or figures. 
Bkodebie, flourishing, embel- 
lishment (in a story). 

BRODEU-R, SE, br6-dSur, dduz, 
s. m. el f. embroiderer. 

BRODOlR, 3. m. bobbin. 

BROGUES, s. m. pi. brogues. 

BROIE. s.f {bVj brake (for hemp 







antique : 


^bb, ov^r, 





BKOIEMENT, brwk-man, s. 
m. grinding, powdering, beating 

•BROMATE, s.m.{chim.) bromate. 

BROMATOLOGIE, s.f. the sci- 
ence of aliments. 

*BRO]VIE, s. m. (fihim.) bromine. 

*BROME, adj. ichim.) containing 

*BROMEES, adj. el s.f. pi. (bot.) 
a tribe of gramineae. 

*BR0M6LIAC6S, BromeliSes, 
Bkom^moIdes, adj. el s. f. pi. 
(bol.) a family of plants. 

*BR0MIDE, s. m. {chim.) bro- 

*BROiVIIQUE, adj. {chim.) bromic. 

•BROMOGRAPfflE, s.f. a trea- 
tise on aliments. 



NATE, s. m. ichim.) combinations 
of the bromides of gold, etc. with 
the bromurets of electi'o-positive 
*BROMOS, s. m. bromus, festuca, 

•BROMURE, s. m. {chim.) bro- 

BRONCHADE, bron-shad, is./, 
stumbling, tripping. 

*BRONCHE,s.m.(aM«.) bronchus. 

(anal.) bronchial, bronchic. 

BRONCHER, bron-sha, v.n. v. 3. 
to stumble, to trip, to reel, to 
blunder, to falter, to fail, to flinch. 

»BRONCHES, s.f. pi. {anal.) bron- 

♦BRONCHITE, s. /. (med.) in- 
flammation of the bronchisE. 

*BRONCHOCELE, ^. m. bron- 

*BRONCHOIR, s. m. instrument 
on which cloth is folded. 

•BRONCHOPHONIE, s.f. (pied.) 

*BRONCHOTOME, s. m. (chir.) 
instrument for bronchotomy. 

*BRONCHOTOMIE, s. /. (c/«>.) 


•BRONTE, s.f. woodcock shell. 

*BRGNTIAS, 5. m. (min.) brontia, 
chelonites, thunderbolt, iron py- 

*BRONTOMETRE, s.m. F.Ful- 


BRONZE, broTiz, s, m. bronze, 
brass. Un beau — , a fine bronze. 
Des canons de — , brass cannons. 
Vn caiur de — , a heart of flint. 

BRONZE, adj. (n. A.) bronze- 

BRONZER, bron-zd, v. a. v, 3, 
to bronze, to paint in bronze- 
colour, to paint dark brown. — 
du cuir pour des ganls, to co- 
lour leather black for mourning- 
gloves. Brortzd par le ?iMe, sun- 
burnt, tanned by the sun. 

'BRONZITE, s.m. (.min.) bronzite. 

BROQUART, s. m. (a one year 
old fawn) brocket. 

•BROQUELINES, s.f. pi. ends 
of the hands of tobacco. 

BROQUETl'E, brb-7tH,s.f. tack, 

a small nail. 


»BROSSE, br6s, s. f. brush.— ^ 
dents — , a tooth-brush. (Fig.) 
1/exdcution de ce tableau esld'une 
belle — , there is great delicacy 
of touch in the finish of that pic- 
ture. Brosse, a painter's brush. 
BROSSER, br6-sa, v. a. v. 3, to 
brush, to rub with a brush. 
Brosser, v. n. V. 3, to run through 
woods or bushes, to brush along. 
BROSSERIE, br6s-rl, s.f. brush- 
making business ; a brush manu- 
BROSSIER, s. m. brushmaker; 
*BROSSURE, s. f. (dyeing lea- 
ther) colour applied by a brush. 
BROU. KBrout. 
*BROUAILLES, s.f. (,cui.) intes- 
tines of fowls or fish. 
BROUEE, brdio-a, s.f. rime, fog, 
mist, blight. Plein de — , rimy. 
BROUET, br6o-4, s. m. a mess 
of boiled milk sweetened with 
sugar. BRonET, thin broth, thin 
water-gruel, (little used). 
BROUETTE, br6o-St, s.f. wheel- 
barrow. Brouette, a hand- 
chaise, a sort of sedan chair ; a 
paltry coach. 

BROUETTER, brfio-g-ta, v. u. 

y. 3, to draw in a hand-chaise. 

BROUETTEUR, brao-S-l6ur, s. 

in. he that draws people in a 


BROUETTIER, br6o-«tia, s. m. 
a wheelbarrow man. 
BROUHAHA, brflo-a-Sl, s. m. 
clap, clapping, applause, bluster. 
BR0UI,B.7n.enameller's blowpipe. 
BROUI, E,part. de Brouir; v. 4, 
blasted, planet-struck. 
s. m. a confused alEiir or case, a 
thing that has neither head nor 
tail. {Fam.) BRoniLLAMiNi, a 
plaster for horses. 
BROUILLARD, brfio-Zar, ^. m. 
fo|, mist, haze, damp, rime. N'y 
voir qu'd travers un — , to see as 
if it were through a mist, to see 
dimly, to be weak sighted. (Fig. 
el fam.) Un esprit pkin de — «, a 
confused head, a man of a con- 
fused mind. Papier — , adj. blot 
ting or sinking paper, banner 
des-^s, to spout water upon. 
— , waste-book, day-book. 
BROUILLASSER, v. n. imp. v. 3, 

to be foggy. 
BROUILLE, brfioZ, s.f. quarrel- 
ling, disagreement, discord; kind 
of plant. 
BROUILL6, E, part, de Brouil- 
ler; v. 3, jumbled, embroiled. 
Des ceufs — s, buttered eggs. 
*BR0UILL6, adj. (geol.) breccias 
traversed by numerous veins. 
BROUILLEMENT, brfioZ-man, 
s. m. mixing together, confound- 
BROUILLER, br6o-Za, v. a. v. 3, 
to throw into confusion, to mix 
together, to blend, to stir up, to 
shake, to jumble, to shuffle, to 

confound. — du vin, to shake tho 
cask or vessel so as to make the 
sediment mix with the wine 
{Fig el fam.) — du papier, to 
waste paper, to scribble non- 
sense.— rfea ceufs, to beat up 
eggs. Brouillek, to embroil, to 
confuse, to disorder.* — les carles, 
to make a stir, to throw into 
commotion, to involve in trou 
bles by dissension and discord 
to cause a misunderstanding 
Brouiller, to put out, perplex, 
confound, puzzle. 

Brouiller, v. 3, to blunder, to 

SE Brouiller, v. r. v. 3, to be 
out, to put one's self out, to con- 
found or perplex one's self sE 
Brouiller, to fall out with one. 
Le temps se brouille, the weather 
begins to be overcast. 

BROUILLERIE, br4oZ-rl, s. f. 
misunderstanding, disagreement, 
difference, dispute, coolness, va- 

BROUILLON, brbo-lan, s. m. a 
rough draft, a foul copy.»— de 
marchand, waste-book, day-boofc 

Brouillon, ne, adj. s. intermed 
dling, mischief-making; o busy 
body, a marplot. Brouillon, 
a blunderer, a bungler. 

BROUIR, br5o-lr, v. a. v. 4, to 
blast, to blight, to burn up, to 

BROUISSURE, br6o-5-sur, s. f. 
blast, mildew. 

BROUSSAILLES, s.f pi. briais, 
thorns, brambles, bushes, thicket. 

*BROUSSER. F. Brosser. 

BROUSSIN, s. m. excrescence. — 

d'irable, the gnarled excrescence 

of maple, etc. 

*BROUSSONETIEES, adj. el s.f. 

pi. (bot.) a group of urticeae. 

BROUT, brdo, s. m. browse, young 

sprouts. — , the green shell of 

walnuts ; the second integument 

of the nutmeg. 

BROUTANT, E, adj. browsing. 

BROUTER, br6o-la, v. a. v. 3, to 

browse, to nibble off the sprigs, 

to feed upon them. 
BROUTILLES, brAo-tiZ, s.f. pi. 

lop, brushwood. — , kickshaws, 

small trinkets, rubbish. 
BROYER, brwa-ya, v. a. v. 80, 

to grind, to pound, to beat small, 

to bray, to stamp, to bruise, to 

dress (hemp); to masticate. — 

menu, to pounii, or beat small. — 

I'encre, (in printing) to bray the 

BROYEUR, brwk-yfur, ». m. 

grinder, pounder; he that mixes 

colours for painting; hemp or 

flax-dresser. Un — d'ocre, a post- 
*BROYEURS, adj. et s. m. pl. 

(ent) a sub-class of inseeta. 
BROYON, brwi-yon, s.m. brayer 

(for printers' ink) ; a deadfall (for 

catching vermin). 
BRU, bra, s.f. daughter-in-lavf, 

a son's wife. 
*BRUANT, bri-an, s. m. (mn.) 

yellow-hammer, yellow-ring. 

BRU \ 


field, rftbe, rSj 

J, I6td, mood, h5od, v&s, men; bise, but, brun. 

BRUCELLES,s. f. spring-nippers. 

•BRUCHE, s. /. bruchus, May- 

•BRUCfeE, s.f. (fiot.) a family of 

*BRUCHILES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(ent.) a group of curcuUonides. 

*BRUCINE, s.f. tfihim.) bruciue. 

*BRU£E, s. /. (baking) drying 
the dough. 

BRUGEOIS, E, adj. of Bruges. 

BRUGES, s. m. (Belgium) Bruges. 

BRUGNON, brii-guon, s. m. bru- 
nion, nectarine. 

BRUINE, brft-in, s. /. rime, a 
small drizzling rain, blight. Plein 

^de — , rimy. 

BRUINE, E, part, de Bniiner; 
V. 3, blasted. 

BRUINER, briii-na, v. imp. v. 3, 
to drizzle. 

*BRUIR, V. a. V. i, to steam cloth. 

BRUIRE, britr, v. n.v. 85, to 
rustle, to rattle. Les jlols hruy- 
aient, the billows roared. 

•BRUISINER, ». a. v. 3. to grind 

BRUISSEMENT, br&-is-man, s. 
m. a rustling noise, rattling, roar- 
ing. Un — d'oreiUes, a whizzing 
in the ears. 

BRUIT, briii, s. m. noise, bustle, 
clang, clap, din, racket, rout, 
creaking, scuffle, hurry, tumult, 
knocking, stir, storm, sound, cla- 
mour, buzz, etc. ; crack, crack- 
ing.— <ie .scie, the shrieking of 
a saw. — d'un coup de martean, 
knock, knocking. — de coups de 
foueU crack, smack of a whip. — 
d'ipiei, clashing of swords.— <ies 
dents^ the chattering or gnashing 
of the teeth.— 9116 fait la mer 
a{ritie, the roaring, raging, boom- 
ing of the sea. — mf el ripiti, rat- 
tle. Grand — , peal, hubbub. — 
de Veaiif des ruisseaux, purling, 
murmuring, babbling, brawling. 
— d^une arme a feu, report. — d^un 
vent violent^ howling, roaring of 
the wind. Faire un — sourd, to 
rumble, to hum, to boom. A 
grand — , v/ith great ado. A pe- 
tit — , silently, softly, without 
noise or bustle. Faire beau — , 
to make a great fuss or clamour. 

— variance, quarrel, dispute. 

— commotion, uproar, insurrec- 
tion, sedition. — , fame, name, 
repute, noise, reputation, ru- 
mour, report, talk, news. Selon- 
le — commun, according to com- 
mon report. 

BROLANT, E, adj. v. burning, 
scorching, hot, burning hot, tor- 
rid, eager, earnest, ardent. 
[Briilint, in prose and in its 
proper sense, follows the noun ; in 
a iigurati ve sense may precede it : 
de brUlantes ardeurs ; is invariable 
when followed by a regimen: 
des lampes briclant devanf Vautel.'] 
liROhi, E, adj. el s. part, de 
Br&ler, burnt, scorched, parched, 
hot. Vin — , mulled wine. *Cer- 
veau — , a fanatic, enthusiast. 
Avoir k teint — , to be sunburnt 

or taitaed. M sent le — , je sens 
le — , 1 smell something iDurning. 
[Br&K Sdlows the noun.] 

BROLE-XOUT oh brCle- 
TOUT, s. mVave-all. 

BROLE-GUEtSf^E, s. m. a short 
pipe. \^ 

BRULEMENT, s..m. a burning, 
setting on lire. 

BROLE-QUEUE, s. IT!, (vet.) se- 

BRULER, brft-H, v. a. v. 3, to 
burn, to consume by fire,- to cau- 
terise. — la cerveUe A qaeUpi'v-n, 
to blow one's brains out. — dm vin, 
to distil wine, to make brandy. 
(.Fig.) son style brUle le papier, 
his style is fnll of fire. — les 
planches, to play with warmth. 
— Tin gite, une paste, h din^e, 
to go through without baiting. 
Brulee, to burn, to parch, to 
scorch, to blast, to sear, to swel- 
ter, j^rer A bride pourpoint, to 
shoot one with a gun or pistol 
close to his breast or head. Un 
argument «5 bride pourpoint, a 
home-reason or argument, an in- 
vincible argument. 

Bruler; v. n. v.S, to bum, to be 
on Hie.— dans le monceau, to 
mow-bum. Un huguenot d — , 
a rank huguenot, that will rather 
be burnt than tum. Bruler, to 
be on fire, to bum. Bruler, to 
be inflamed with passion. — de 
colere, to be inflamed with anger. 
— d'impatience, to be impatient. 
— d'un feu lent, to pine away. 

se Bruler, v. t. v. 3, to bum, to 
burn one's self, to be burnt. 

BRULERIE, s.f. distillery. 

BRIJLE-TOUT, s. m. a save-all. 
[Briile-tout, plur. des brAle-tout.'] 

BRIJTLEUR, bri-l^ur, s. m. an 
incendiary j (jig.) a blackguard. 
Bruleur, brandy-distiller. 

BRULOT, brit-lo, s. m. fire-ship; 
pyrobolus. — , a very high-sea- 
soned dish. — , fire-brand, in- 
cendiary ; incendiary letter. 

Brulot. V. Crioues. 

BRC'LURE, brft-lir, «. /. burn, 
buming, scald, scalding. 

BRUMAIRE, s. m. second month 
of the republican calendar. 

BRUMAL, E, bril-mal, adj. (hort.) 
winter, brumal. 

BRUME, brum, s.f. (mar.) a thick 
fog, haze ; *(ich.) ship-worm. 

BRUMEUX, EUSE, br&ra-^u, 
euz, adj. foggy, hazy. 
[Brumeux generally follows the 


BRUN, E, brun, br&n, adj. s. 
brown, dark, dun, dusky ; dark- 
ish, sad, russet. Sur h—e, in 
the dusk of evening. Faire —, 
to be dusky. Un beau — , a hand- 
some brown or black-eyed man. 
[Brun constantly follows the 


BRUN.ATRE, adj. brovraish. 

BRUNELLE, s.f. (bol.) brunella, 

BRUNET, TE, br&-n6, nit, s. m. 

et f. a btoWn man or woman, a 


Brunettes, pi. love-ballads. 
BRUNI, bru-ni, s. m. the polished 

part of silver or gold plate. 
BRUNI, E, part, de brunir, v. 4, 

burnished, polished, made bright. 
"BRUNIACfiES, adj. et s. f. pi 

(bot.) a family of plants. 
BRUNIR, brft-nir, v. a. v. 4, to 

make brown or dark. Brunir, 

to burnish, to furbish, to polish, 

to brighten. 
Brunir, v. n. se Brunir, v. r. v. 

4, to turn or grow dark or brown. 
BRUNISSAGE, bru-ni-saz, s. m. 

burnishing, polishing. 
BRUNISSEUR, br&-ni-s6ur, s. m. 

BRUNISSOIR, brii-ni-swir, ». m. 

burnisher, polisher, a bumishing- 

BRUNISSURE, s. /. polishing. 
Brunissure, polish of the horns 
of stags, etc. 

*BRUNNIBARBE, adj. with a 
brown beard. 

brovTOi antennse. 

*BRUNNISQUAME, adj. (enl.) 
with brown scales. 

*BRUNNIPEDE, adj. brown- 

*BRUNNISSANT, adj. (min.) 
tending to become brown. 

*BRUNONIACEES, adj. et s. f 
pi. (hot.) a family of plants. 

*BRUN-ROUGE, s. m. red ochre. 

BRUNSWICK, s. m. Branswick 

BRUSC ou BRUSQUE, brisk, 
s. m. knee-holly, butcher's broom 

BRUSQUE, briisk, adj. blunt, 
abrupt, rough, grafi^ sturdy, hare- 
brained, sudden, unexpected. 
[Brusque generally follows the 

noun in prose.] 

CAMBILLE, s. /. a game at 
cards, bruscambille. 

BRUSQUEMENTi br&sk-man, 
adv. bluntly, abraptly, roughly, 
hastily, graffly, sturdily ; briskly. 

BRUSQUER, br&s-ia, v. a. v. 3, 
to offend, to be short, blunt or 
sharp with one, to af&ont him. 
Brusciuer une place, to take a 
place at the first brunt or onset 
— une chose, to do a thing in 
haste. — Vaventure, to come di- 
rectly to the point. 

BRUSQUERIE, briisk-ri, s. / 
bluntness, abruptness, roughness, 

adv. tit for tat. 

BRUT, E, briit, adj. rough, unpo- 
lished, unhewn, coarse, unfa- 
shioned. Sucre — , raw sugar 
Ouvruge tout—, a rough draught 
Brut, clownish, awkward ; rude, 
ill-bred. ■ (Agr.) produil — , the 
gross produce (of a farm.) (Fin.) 
produit — , the gross returns. 
[Brut always follows the noun.] 

Brut ou ort, adv. gross weight 

BRUTAL, E, brft-tal, adj. et t. 
brutal, brute, brutish, beastly, 
snappish, surly, bearish, churlish, 
cynical, churl. (Sub.) un franc 
— , a regular brute. 




bar, bat, base, antique 

thSre, ^bb, ov^r, jeune, mftute, bfiurre, lifn: 

[Brutal may precede the noun, 

always observing the rules of 

analogy and harmony; cetie bru- 

taLe passion. See Adjeotif.] 

BRUTALEMENT, bru-tal-man, 
brutally, brulishly, beastly, pas- 
sionately, rudely, churlishly. 

[Bruiaiemeni after the verb; 
between the auxil. and the verb.] 
BRUTALISER, bru-ta-li-zd, v. 
a. V. 3, to abuse, to use one 
roughly, brutally, harshly ; to be 
rough or blunt with one. 
BRUTALlTfi, brfi-ta-li-ta, s. /. 
brutality, brutishness, beastli- 
ness, brutal passion, brutal lust; 
abusive or outrageous language, 
clownishness, rudeness. 
BRUTE, «./. brute. 

*BRUTES, s. /. pi. a fqmily of 

*BRUTIER, s. m. {orn.) bald-kite. 

BRUTIFIER, V. a. v. 3, to brutify. 

BRUXELLES, a. m. Brussels. 

BRU XELLOIS,E, adj. of Brussels. 
BRUYAMMENT, brft-la-man, 
adv. with great noise, in a noisy 

BRUYANT, E, br6i-yan, yant, 
adj. V. noisy, blustering, rustling, 
thundering, roaring, clamorous, 
clattering, loud, vociferous, ob- 
streperons, open-mouthed. FHe 
— e, revel. Foule — e, rout. 
[Brui/ant generally follows the 

noun in prose; may precede it in 

a case of analogy : hruyanie voix. 

See Adjectif.] 

*BRUYERE, brft-ySr, s.f. heath, 
furze, ling, the sweet broom. 
BuoYfeRE, heath, furze-field. Coj 
de—, a heath-cock. 


*BRYAC6ES, adj. et Ifiot.) 
a family of plants. 

*BRY0IDES, adj. et s.f. pi. (fiot.) 
a family of musci. 

*BRYOLOGIE, s./. (Jiot.) treatise 
on musci. 

*BRYOLOGIQUE, adj. Ifiot.) re- 
lating to musci. 

.1. f. (hot.) white jalap, bryony. 

*BtlYONINE, s.f. (fihim.) a pecu- 
liar substance found in the root 
of the bryonia. 

♦BRYOPHILE, adj. (lot.) grow- 
ing on or among musci. 

BSIDERI o« bIsIDERI, s. m. 
the besideri-pear, 

BU, E,part de Boire.v. 41, drunk. 

BUA, (gulf of Venice,) Bua. 

BUANDERIE, bii-and-rl, s. /. 
wash-house, washing-house. 

BUANDI-ER, ERE, bl-an-dH, 
diir, s. bleacher. Buandiire (is 
also said in some places of France 
for blanchisseuse,) a w^asherwo- 

BUARCAS, s. m. Buarcos. 

*BUBALE, s. m. (mam.) bubalus. 

*BUBE, biib, s.f. (med.) blister or 

BUBERON, b6b-ron, s. m. V. Bi- 


•BUBON, bft-bon, s. m. (med.) 
blotch, pestilential sore, bubo. 

*BUBONALGIE, .«./. (med.) pain 
in the groin. 

*BUBONOCELE, s. m. (med.) bu- 

*BUBONOCOSE, s. /. synony- 
mous with bubonocele. 

♦BUBONOREXIE, s.f. (med.) in- 
testinal hernia, with division of 
the peritoneum. 

• *BUBULINE, s. f. (cUm.) pecu- 
liar substance found in the dung 
of horned cattle. 

*BUCARDE, «. m. (mol.) heart- 

*BUCARDITE, ». /. fossil heart- 

*BUCCAL, E, adj. (anat.) relating 
to the mouth. 

BUCCELLATION, s. /. buccel- 

♦BUCCELLfiS, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(ent.) a liimily of neuroptera. 

*BUCCIN, s. m. (mol.) buccinum, 

*BUCCINAL,aii/. (mol.) trumpet- 

BUCCINATEUR, «. m. trumpet- 
er ; *(anal.) buccinator. 

BUCCINE,s./. a cornet, bugle- 

BuooiNER, V. a. V. 3, to trumpet, to 

♦BUCCINES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(mol.) a family of gasteropoda. 

*BUCCINIDftS, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(mol.) a family of gasteropoda. 

*BUCCIN1T£, s. m. fossil bucci- 

*BUCCINOIDES, adj. el s. m. pi. 
(mol.) a family of gasteropoda. 

*BUCCO-LABIAL, adj. (a7iat.) 
belonging to the cheek and lips. 

*BUCCONES, adj. et s. m. pi 
(orn.) a family of scansores. 

(anat.) belonging to the cheek 
and pharynx. 

*BUCCULE, s.f. (anat.) the fleshy 
part below the chin. 

BUCENTAURE, s. m. (antiq. a 
vessel,) Bucentaur. 

BUC^PHALE, b&-sa-fal, s. m. 
(Alexander's horse,) Bucephalus. 

*BUC6PHALE, adj. (orn.) bull 
or large headed. 

*BUC£RIDES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
(orn.) a family of gradatores. 

s. m. Bucharest. 


Great Bucharia. La petite Bu- 
charie, Caschgur. 

BOCHE, bftsh, s.f. billet, chump 
of wood, log, laggot. — de charbon 
de terre, a piece, a lump of coal. 
— , a duU-pated fellow; block- 
head. — , (mar.) herring-buss. 

BUCHER, b&-sh£i, s. m. wood- 
house. — , a funeral-pile, pyre. 

BucHER, V. n. V. 3, to fell wood, to 
cut down trees. 

BucHER, V. a. V. 3, (in ship-build- 
ing,) to rough-hew, rough-dress 
a piece of wood, also to cut out 
a. piece to replace it by another. 

BUCHERON, bilsh-ron, autrefois 
Boclieron, Boqidllon, s. m. wood- 
cutter, seller of wood. 

BUCHETTE, bu-shJ>t, s.f. dead- 
wood, fallen wood. — , cut, long 
or short cut (for drawing lots.) 

*BUCIDEES, adj. et syno. 
nymous with Myrobalanies. 

*BUCK-BEAN, s. /. buck-bean, 

BUCKINGHAM, ». m. Bucking, 

BUCOLIQUE, ba-k6-lik, adj. bu- 

colic, pastoral, rural ; s. f. pi. lea 

— !, the bucolics (of Virgil.) — , 

pi. trumpery, loose papers, etc. 

[Bucolique follows the noun.] 

BUDE OK OFEN, s. m. Buda. 

BUDGET, 3. m. budget. Dresser 
le — , to draw up the budget. — , 
expenses,accounts,state of offiurs. 

*BUDDLEJEES, adj. et s.f. pi 
(bot.) a tribe of scrolularineie. 

*BUFONOIDES, adj. et s. m. pi 
(rep.) a family of batracii. 

BUDOA, s. m. Budua or Budoa. 

BUDZTACK. Y. Bessarabie. 

BUEE, s. /. lie, buck of clothes. 
Faire la — , to wash, to buck. 

DE LA TRINIDAD, s. m. (S. 
America,) Buenos Ayres. 

BUER, I), n. V. 81, to wash in lie, 
to scour with lie. 

BUFFARD, s. m. sort of cask. 

BUFFET, bil-f4, s. m. buffet, cup- 
board, sideboard ; a set of plate. 
Un beau — , a fine, a beautifijl set 
of plate. — d^orgues, organ-case, 
swell (of an organ;) an organ. 
Grand — d'orgue, full organ. Pe- 
tit — d'orgue, choir-organ. 

BUFFETER, v. n. v. 76, to broach, 
tap or peg a cask clandestinely, 
(said of carriers.) 

BUFFETEUR, s. m. a carrier 
who robs casks entrusted to him. 

*BUFFLE, bufl. s. m. buffle, buf- 
falo ; wild ox. Un vrai — , a duU- 
pated fellow, great blockhead. 
-^, buff-leather. Repasserle buffle 
a quelquun, to trim one's jacket. 
— , a bug; bufPjacket. 

BUFFLETERIE, s. f. the belts, 
straps, etc. of a soldier. 

BUFFLETIN, s. m. young buf&- 
lo. — , a buff-leather jacket. 

■'BUFFLONNE, s. /. a female 

*BUFFONITES, s. /. pi bofjo- 

nitog, toad-stone. 
BUGALET, s. m. (mar.) small 

vessel or bark. 
BUGEY, s. m. (France,) Bugey. 
BUGIE ou BOUGIE, s. /. Bugia. 
*BUGLE, s. /. (boi) buggle or 

middle consoud, or comfrey. 
*BUGLOSE, s.f (bot.) bugloss, 

anchusa, alkanet. 
BUGRANE, s. /. V. ARRfiTE- 


BUIRE, biiir, s.f. flagon, a large 

vessel for liquors. (Old.) 
'*BUIS, bfi), autrefois^ovis.s.m, 

box-tree, box (wood.) 
BUISSAIE, s. f. a grove of box- 


Buis piauANT, s. m. butcher's 

BUISSON, bfii-son, s. m. bush, 

thicket, brake. BuissoN,abushy 




field, fig, 


r6be, r6b, 16rd, 

mflod, h6od, 






dwarf tree, a tree that grows 
with a bushy head. Buisson 
ARDENT.' box-thorn, pyracantha. 
Buisson d'or ok chrysob.\te, 
chrysobates Buisson, thicket, 
grove. Trouver — creiix, (in hunt- 
ing), to find only the nest; 
(phrase), to find nobody at home. 
BU1SS0NNEU-X,SE, adj. bushy, 


[Buissonneux follows the noun.] 
BUISSONI-ER, ERE, bfti-s6- 
" nia, njfer, adj, (used only with 

lapin and icole.) Laj}ins buisson- 

mers, thicket-rabbits. Faire 

Vicole buissonnih'e, to play the 


*BUJIS, s.f. (Indian shell), oanris. 
*BUKKU DES Hottentots, s. m. 

(plant), diosma. 
BULAlil ou BouLAU, Bulama, 

*BULBE, bilb, s./. (tot.) bulb, 

bulbous-root Bdlbe, s.m. (oTiaf.) 

bulb, root. 
*BULBEU-X, SE, bW-bfeu, bduz, 

adj. bulbaceous, bulbous. 
*BULBIFERE, adj. (fiot.) bulbi- 


*BULBIF0RME, adj. bulbiforra. 
*BULBILLE, s.f. (Aofc) bulbule. 
"BULBILLIFERE, adj. (hot.) bul- 

*BULBIPARE, adj. synonymous 

with Gemmipare. 

adj. (ana/.) bulbo-cavemosus 

*BULBO-TUBER, s. m. (boi.) an 

enlargement at the base of the 

stem in monocotyledonous plants. 
*BULB0-UR£TRAL, s.m.etadj. 

syn. with Bulbo-cavemettx. 
"BULL^ENS, s. m. pi. et adj. 

imol.) a family of gasteropoda. 
*BULLESCENCE, s. f. (bnt.) 

state of leaves when bullate. 
*BULBONAC, s. m. (plant), bul- 

bonach, satin and honesty. 


(Turkey), Bulgaria. La petite 
Bulgarie, Bulgaria. - 

GROPILE, s. m. (bezoar), bulithos. 

BULLAIRE, bai-14r, s. m. collec- 
tion of bulls. 

BULLE, bai, s.f. bubble, globule ; 
(in castings), a blister, a flaw. 

BULLE, s./. bull (of the pope). 
La — d*or, the golden bull. 

BuLLE, adj. bastard (paper). 

BULLfe, E, adj. authentic, in due 

BuLLES, pi. bulls. 

BUI..LETIN, bul-tin, s. m. (at the 
pope's election), ballot. Bulle- 
tin, a certificate of health, bul- 
letin. Bulletin, {mil.) a billet ; 
(mar.) certificate. 

♦BULLEUX. adj. (med.) covered 
with blebs; (.min.) quartz con- 
taining bubbles ; (bot.) bullate. 

•BULLULE, adj. (bot.) a crassula 
so called. 

BULTEAU, bfil-to, s. m. a dwarf- 
tree in the form of a bowl. 

BUNCO, s. m. (Japan), Bungo. 

♦BUNETTE, s. /.hedge-sparrow. 

*BUNGAROIDES, adj. et s. 

(rep.) a family of ophidii. 
•BUNIADEES, adj. el s. f. pi. 

(bot.) a tribe of cruciferte. 
*BUNIAS, s. m. bunias, bunium, 

*BUPHAG£S, adj. et s. m. pi. 

(.orn.) a family of passeres. 
*BUPHTHALMEES^ adj. et s.f. 

pi. {bot.) a section of inuleie, also, 

a sub-tribe of asteroideoe. 
*BUPHTHALMIE, s.f. (jned.) 

enlargement, with projection, of 

the eye. 


*BUPLEURINEES, adj. et s.f. 

nZ. (fiflt.) a division of umbelliferce. 

BUPL6VRUM, V; Oreille-de- 

T T"i*'VR."F 

*BUPRESTE, s. m. (insect), bum 
cow, buprestis. 

*BUPRESTIADES, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (,ent.) a family of coleoptera. 

*BUPRESTIDES, Bufrestiens, 
adj. et s. m. pi. (ent.) a tribe of 

BURAIL, s.f. ferrandine. 

BURALISTE, bft-ra-Ust, s. des 2 
genres, a clerk, any person, whe- 
ther man or woman, appointed 
to receive or collect tickets, etc. 

BURAT, bil-ra, s. m. a kind of 
woollen stufl!! 

BURATE, E, a4;. of a coarse kind. 

BURATINE, s. /. stuflT made of 
silk and wrorsted, poplin. 

BURE, bfir, s. f. a very coarse 
cloth of a darkish colour. Bure, 
a shaft, pit-hole, pit-head. 

BUREAU, X, bu-r6, s.m. bureau, 
scrutoire, desk; (fe. et /am.) 
Celle affaire est sur le — , that af- 
fair is on the tapis. Bureau, 
ofiice. — des finances, ti'easury- 
ofBce. — des aides, excise-office. 
Grand — de la chamhre des 
comptes, exchequer.<)flice. — d'en- 
registrement, register o&ce.—de 
garantie, assay office. — de timbre 
ou depapier timbri, stamp office. 
— de placement, register office 
(for servants, G\.c.)~—de tabac, a 
tobacconist's shop. Bureau 
d'adresses, an office of intelli- 
gence. Connmlre ou savuir I'air 
du — , to know how matters 
stand. Prendre Vair du — , to 
pump a thing out, to sift it out, 
to see how matters stand. L'air 
du — , est favorabU, he is (you 
we are) like to carry it. TeniT 
le — , to engross the conversation 
(in a company). — , (jur.) the 
board or table in a court of judi- 
cature, committee. — , court, ju- 
risdiction. — , the hearing of 
causes. — , the judges. — . factory, 
office, counter. — , V. Buee. 

BUREAUCRATE, s. m. a bu- 
reaucrat, an influential govern- 
ment clerk. (Always used in a 
contemptuous sense.) 

BUREAUCRATIE, s. /. bureau- 

BURETTE, bft-r«t, s. f. cruet; 
also a small cup for the wine and 
water used in the mass. 

BURGANDINE. s. f. burgandine. 

*BURGAU, s. m. {mol.) burgau. 

BURGOS, s. m. (Spain), Burgos. 

EURGRAVE, s. m. burgrave. 

BURGRAVIAT, s. m. burgravate. 

BURIN, bii-rin, s. m. burin, a 
graver, a graving-tool, poilrel, 

Burins, s. m. pl. {mar.) wooden 
rollers made use of in the rigging. 

BURINER, bti-ri-na, v. a. v. 3, 
to engrave, to write a fine hand 

BURLESQUE, btir-l^sk, adj 
subsl. burlesque, merry, comical, 
jocose, jocular, ludicrous, mock- 
heroic, ludicrousness. Vers — s, 
doggrel verses. 
[Burhs(pie follows the noun 

when indicative of a class, a spe- 
cies of poetry; in another sense 

might precede it: so burlesque 


man, adv. comically, ludicrous- 
ly, in a jocose way or manner. 
[Burlesquement after the verb ; 

between the auxil. and the verb.] 

NIEES, adj. et s. {bot.) a fa- 
mily of plants. 

■'BURSAIRE, adj. purse-shaped. 

*BURSA-L, UX, bfir-sal, so, adj. 
pl. pecuniary. Edits bursaux, 
money edicts. 
[Bursal follows the noun.] 

*BURS]ERACEES, adj. et 
{bot.) a tribe of terebinthaceso. 

*BURSEREES, adj. et s. f. pl. 
{bot.) a tribe of amyrideoe. 

*BURS£RINE, s.f. {chim.) a sub- 
resin extracted from the Hedwi- 
gia balsamica. 

■►BURSICULE, s.f. {bot.) the ex- 
treme part of the restellum of 
the orchideae. 

*BURSICUL£, adj. {bot.) shaped 
like a small purse. 

BUS, s. m. {bl.) head, 

*BUSART, s. m. moor-buzzard, 

BUSC, b&sk, s. m. busk. 

BUSE, bftz, s.f. buzzard, tfee— , 
a buzzard, dunce, a blockhead, 
a noodle, ignoramus. — , ventila- 
tor. — , a (herring) buss. 

BUSQUER, bis-Ad, un jupon, v. 
a. V. 3, to slope a petticoat. SE — , 
to wear a busk. — , fortune, to 
seek one's fortune, to be a for- 

BUSQUIERE, bhs-ki&T, s.f. the 
place where women wear the 
busk, stay hook, stomacher. 

BUSSARD, s. m. puncheon. 

BUSSEROLE ou Bousserole, s. 

/. uva ursi, bear's-whortleberry, 

BUSTE, btlst, s. m. bust. Por- 
trait en — , a half length portrait. 

BUSTE ou BosT, s. m. Bust. 

BUSTROPHE. V. Boustrophe- 


BUSTUAIRE, is. m. (gladiator 

BUT, bfl, s. m. mark. Viser an — 
to aim at the mark. — , object, 
end, aim, purpose, design, view 
— , goal. Arriver au — , to reacb 
the goal. — i—, even handed, 





b&t, base, 




ov^r, jdfine, 




without any odds, upon a par. 
V. Dessein. Toucher an — , to 
hit the nail on the head. 'Krer 
de — en blanCt to shoot point 
blank. Ve — -en bhnc, bluntly, 
roundly, plainly, abruptly, open- 
ly, without any preamble. 

HUT ANT, adj. m. V. Boutant. 

BUTE, s.f. a farrier's butteris. 

BUTE, E, pari, de Buler, v. 3, 
hit, aimed, resolved, fixed. 

*BUTfiONINS, adj. el s. m. pi. 
(orn.) a tribe of falconidse. 

BUTER, bft-ta, ». n. v. 3, to hit 
the mark. — ; to aim at, lo tend, 
to drive at. — , to stumble. Ce 
ckeval biile, that horse stumbles. 

SE BuTER, V. r. V. 3, to be resolved 
or fixed. — , to contradict, to op- 

BuTER quelqu^un, v. a. to tease, to 
vex one. — un mur, to prop a 
wall with a buttress. — un arore, 
to heap up earth round the root 
of a tvee.—du cdleri, to earth up 
celery (to blanch it). 

BUTIERE, bu-tidr, adj.f. a sort 
of rifle-gun, a handgun to shoot 
at a mark for prizes. 

BUTIN, bu-tin, s. m. sin^. booty, 
pillage, spoils gained from the 
enemy, prey, capture, plunder, 
prize. Faire du — , to plunder, to 
pillage. — , {pop.) profit. 

BUTINER, bu-ti-na, v. n. v. 3, 
to spoil, to pillage, to plunder, to 
make or get a booty. 

BUTIREU-X, SE, adj. buttery. 
[Butireux after the noun.] 

*BDT0M£ES, adj. eis.f. pi (bot.) 
a family of plants. 

BUTOR, DE, bii-tor, s.m. etf. 
bittern, billour, ardea steilaris. 
Un — , une — de, a stupid man or 
woman, dull fellow, looby. 

BUTTE, biit, s. /. a small rising 
ground, butt, bank; (,Jig.) illre 
en — , to be exposed. — , mound 
of earth. — , butt, the shooting or 
place of shooting at a butt. 

BUTTfiE ou BuTfiE, s. /. the 
abutment of a bridge. 

BUTTER, V. a. v. 3. V. Buter. 

*BUTUA oii Pareira Brava, s.f. 
butua, pareira brava, wild vine. 

*BUTYRACft,a<Z7. butyraceous. 

*BUTYRATE, s. m. (cUm.) buty- 

•BUTYREUX, adj. (chim.) butte- 
ry, butyrous. 

*BUTYRINE, ^. f. IfiUm.) biity- 

*BUTYRIQUE, adj. {Mm.) bu- 

BUYABLE, bfl-vabl, aiij. drink- 
able, potable, fit to drink. 

BUVANT, E, adj. who drinks. 

BUVEAU, s. m. bevel. 

BUVETIER, buv-tia, .,. m. the 
keeper of a buvette. 

BUVETTE, bft-v^t, s. m. buvette, 
tavern, ale-house. 

BUVEUR, bft-vfeur, s. m. drinker. 
— , drunkard, toper, tippler. 

•BUVEUR, s. m. et adj. {anal.) ad- 
ductor muscle of the eye. 

BU VOTTER, bii-vi-ta, t>. n v. 3, 
'X) sip, to tipple. 

♦BUXBAUMIA, s./. (plant), bux- 

♦BUXBAUMIOiDES, adj. el s.f. 

pi. {bol.) a tribe of muaci. 
*BUX£ES, adj. el s.f. pi. {hot.) a 

tribe of euphorbiaceee. 
*BUXINE, s.f. {chim.) veg. alkali 

found in the buxus sempervirens. 
*BUXIN]fcES, adj. et {bot.) 

a tribe of euphorbiaceas. . 
BUYSES, s. herring-buss. 
BUZE, s.f. the bellows-nozzle. 
BY, s. m. trench. 
BYARIS, s. m. the Basque name 

for the whale. 
*BYRRfflENS, adj. et s. m. pi. 

{ent.) a tribe of cofeoptera. 
*BYSSACE, adj. {bol.) resembling 

*BYSSACEES, adj. et (bot.) 

a tribe of mucedineee; also, a 

cohort of algas. 
BYSSE, s. m. byssus. V. Bissns. 
*BYSSEES, adj. el s.f. pi. {hot.) a 

tribe of byssaceae. 
*BYSSES, s. m. gl. {bot.) a group 

of nemathothecii ; also, of my- 

*BYSSIFERES, adj. et s. m. pi. 

a family of mollusca. 
*BYSSINfeES, s.f. pi. {hot.) 

a section of mucedinesE. 
*BYSSOiQE, adj. resembling a 

*BYSS0IDES, adj. el s. {lot.) 

a series of mucedineie ; also, a 

family of confervoideas. 
*BYSSUS, {hoi.) byssus. 
*BYTHNfiRIACEES, adj. el s.f. 

pi a family of plants. 
*BYTTNfiRlfiES, adj. et s.f. pi 

{bot.) a tribe of byttneriaceaa. 

Csa, s. m. (third letter of the 
alphabet) c. Un grand C, a 
great C. f/n^e«it c, a little c. 

C is an abbreviation used by mer- 
chanls, bankers, and book-keep- 
ers, for compte; C. C. compte 
courant; C. O. compte ouvert;M. 
C. mon compte ; S. C. son compte; 
L. C. leur compte; N. C. n^tre 
compte ; S. P. C. sows protetpour 
mettre a compte ; C. P. stands for 
Constantinople, and S. M. T. C. 
Sa Majesty tr^-ckrdtienne. 

C, a nvimeral letter, denotes 100, 
cent ; cc, 200, deux cetUs ; ccc, 
300, trois cents ; but when there 
comes the numeral x before c, 
the last loses one tenth of its 
number, and xc denotes 90, qua~ 
trevingt-dix; and when c comes 
before one of these other nume- 
rals, D or M, it lessens their num- 
ber by one hundred, and CD de- 
notes 400, quatre cents, and cm 
900, neuf cents. When c is turn- 
ed, and preceded by the nume- 
ral I, 10, stands for 500, cinq 
cents; cio, 1,000, mille ; ccioo, 
10,000, dix mille; laoo, 50.000, 
cinquanie mille; ccciooo, 100,000, 
cerd mille, and ccccioooo, 
1,000,000, un million. 

QA, adv. here, hither. 

Qa et la, adv. this way and that 

way, up and down, scatteringly, 

to and iio. 
DE (Ja el de lX, adv. upand down 

this way or side, and the other. 
DE DEJA, adv. elprdp. on this side 
EN ^A, adv. {JUT.) till now, to 

this time. Depuis deux ans en 

fa, this time two years. 
EN DEJA el AD DEijA, adv.btprip 

this side, on this side. 
PAR-DEgA, adv. el prip. on this 

(^)^,^part, interj. now. ^S,, voyons, 

now let us see. Or fa, commen- 

cez, now begin. 

Qa, pron. that. C'esl fa, that's it. 
*CAA-APIA, s. m. (plant of Bra- 
zil) caa-apia. 
*CAA-ATAYA, s. m. (plant of 

Brazil) caa-ataya. 
CAABLE, adj. wind-fallen. 
*CAA-CHIRA, s. m. (indigo plant) 


*CAA-CICA, «. m. (plant of Bra- 
zil) caa-cica. 
*CAA-ETIMAI, s. m. (plant of 

Brazil) caa-etimay. 
*CAA-GHIYUYO, s.m. shrub of 

Brazil, caa-ghiyuyo. 
*CAA-IOGARA, s. m. tajocu, 


CAA-NA, s. m. (Egypt) Caana. 
*CAA-OPIA, s. m. (tree of Brazil) 

■"CAA-PEBA ou LiANE & glacer 
Yeau, ou liane d serpent, s.m. 

(plant of Brazil) caa-peba. 
*CAA-PONCA, s.m. (plant of 

Brazil"! caa-ponga. 
*CAA-ROBA, s. m. (tree of Brazil) 

CABALANT, E, adj. caballing. 
(Not much used.) 
CABALE, ka-bal, s. /. cabal or 
cabala. Cabale, cabala. Termcs 
de — , cabalistic terms. Cabale 
ifig-) cabal, junto. Cabale, ca- 
bal. A has la — , down with the 
cabal. (Always in a bad sense.) 
CABALfi, E, adj. got by cabal. 
CABALER, ka-ba-la, v. n. v. 3, 
to cabal. 
CABALEUR, ka-ba-l«nr, s. m. 
caballer, intriguer. 
CABALEZET, s. m. (a star) Cor 
Leonis, Regulus, Basilica, Lion's 
CABALINE. V. HippocRfeNE. 
CABALISTE, ka-ba-list, s. m. 
{com.) anonymous partner. (Ob- 
solete). Cabaliste, cabalist. 
CABALISTIQUE, ka-ba-lis-tik, 
adj. cabalistic, cabalistical. Ter- 
mes — s, cabalistic terms, spells. 
*CABALLIN, adj. {pharm.) cabal- 
line (aloes). 
CABAN, ka-ban, s. m. a thick 

woollen cloak with a hood. 
CABANAGE, ka-ba-naz, s. m. a 

camp (of American Indians). 
CABANE, s.f. a cot, hut, cabin, 
lodge, cottage. Cabane, cot, 
cabin, (a berth). Vne — & lajrins, 
a rabbit-cub., the hoops 
of a lilt, the tilt or awning of a 
boat. Cabane, a breeding cage 
for birds. Cabane, flat-bottomed 
passage-boat on the Loire. 


f Icld/f ig, vin : rftbe, r6b, I6rd, mood, h5od, v6s, more: bftse, biit, brun. 

beCABANER, s^-ka-ba-na,i).r, 
V. 3, IjnaT.) to turn a boat keel 
upwards (on shore). Nous tra- 
vaillames d nmis — , we were busy 
in building huts for ourselves. 

CABANON, s. jn. small cabin, lit- 
tle crib. Cabanon, a cell. 

CABARER,c.a. v.3,lo juck (like 
a partridge). 

CABARET, ka-ba-r*, s.m. wine- 
shop, tavern. — borgiie, a blind 
tavern, a paltry wine-shop. Diner 
de — , a cliop-nouse dinner. Ca- 
baret, tea-table, tea-board, tea- 
equipage. J/n — de porcelaine, 
a set of china. Cabaret, (plant) 
asarabacca, azarum, wild nard. 

CABARETI-ER, ERE, ka-bar- 
tid, ti4r, s. m. etf. a publican, a 
tavern-keeper. \ 

CABARETIQUE, adj. vulgar, 
low. {Not used). 

CABAS, ka-ba, s. m. a frail, a 
basket. Cabas, a woman's mar- 
ket basket. Cabas, a cottage 
bonnet. Cabas, a large wicker- 
built conveyance; an old rum- 
bling carriage. 

CABASSET, s. m. a slight kind 
of helmet, (old.) 

CABESTAN, ka-b4s-tan, «. m. 
(mar.) capstan, capstem. Grand 
— , the main-capstem. Petit — , 
the gear-capstem. — volant, a 
crab. Virer au — , to heave at 
the capstem. Knvoyer un komme 
au — . to send a man to the cap- 
stem (to be flogged). 

CABIAI. V. Cabionara. 

CABILLAUD, ka-bi-Zo, $. m. ca- 
biliau, cod (live cod). 

CABILLE, s.f. a clan. 

CABILIXrr, s. m. (mar.) foggel. 

CABINE, s.f. (mar.) cabin. 

CABINET, ka-bl-n§, s. m. closet, 
study, cabinet. — de lecture, a 
reading-room. Homme' de — , a 
studious man. Cabinet, de toi- 
lette, a dressing-room. — degarde- 
roke, the wardrobe. — de bains, 
the bath or bathing closet. — noir, 
a dark closet. — d'aiaances, a wa- 
ter-closet. Cabinet, {fg.) prac- 
tice, business. Cabinet, a col- 
lection^ of paintings, pictures, 
medals, boolvs, etc. Une piece de 
— , a curiosity. — d'orgue, a cham- 
ber^)rgan. Cabinet, a summer- 
house, a green arbour, a bower. 
— , cabinet, cabinet-council. 

'CABIONARA, s. m. capybara, 

CABLE, kibl, s. m. cable. FUer 
^^ — • ij^' fi^ fam^ to spin out 
the time.'' CAble a pic (mar.) 
close a-peek upon her anchor. — 
de remorque, tow-cable. — droit a 
son ancre, clear hawse. — tourni, 
foul hawse. Filer du — , to slack 
out or veer away the cable. Xe- 
ver un^r-, to coil a cable. MaUre 
'-^, {mar.) the sheet-cable. Se- 
cond — ou — de Vancre de virile, 
the best bower-cable. — d'affour- 
eke, the small bower-cable.' — de 
iouie, stream-cable- — ^ 6u enca- 
bJure, a cable's length. 

CABLE, s. m. a sort of thick cord 

for hanging pictures and tying 
curtains, lace-cord. 
CABLEAU Oil CAelot, ki-blo, s. 
m. {mar.) cablet, small cable, 
painter or mooring-rope. 

c Abler, ka-bU, «. n. v. 3, to 

twist threads into a cord, to make 

ropes or cables. 

CABUAU, s. m. V. CAbillaud. 
CABLOT, s. m. V. CAbleau. 
CABOCHE, ka-b6sh, s./. pate, 

noddle. Gross^ — ,' loggerhead. 

Vest une bonne — , he is no fool ; 

he has a good head-piece. Ca- 

EocHE, hob-nail. — s, old nails, 

CABOCHON, ca-b6-shon, s. m. 

— d^imeraade, ruhis — , adj. a 
precious stone which is not cut, 
but only polished. 

*CABOMBEES,ad;.fi< (J>ot.) 
a family of plants. 

CABO-CORSO, s. m. Cape Coast- 

*CABOSSE, s.f. cocoa-pod. 

■►CABOT, s. m. (ich.) mullet. 

CABOTAGE, ca-bfi-tas, s. m. 
(mar.) coasting, coasting-trade. 

CABOTER, ka-b5-ta, ». n. v. 3, 
(mar.) to coast. 

CABOTEUR, s. m. coaster. 

CABO'TIER, ca-b6-tla, s. m. 

CABOTIN, s. m. (term of con- 
tempt) a strolling player. 

CABRA, s. m. (Nigritia) Cahra. 

CAERE, s. /. (mar.) gin or ma- 
chine like the shears of a ship. 

CABREMENT, s. m. falling in 
of the earth. 

SE C.\BRER, s4-k!l-br8i, v. r. v. 3, 
to rise or stand upon the two 
hind-feet, to prance, to rear. SE 
Cabrer, to fall or fly, to start 
into a passion, to be refractory. 
Cabrer, to provoke one, to make 
one fly into a passion. 

CABRI, ka-bri, s. m. a kid. 

CABRIOLE, ka-bri-61,,s./. caper. 
CABRiOLE,(man.) cabriole or goat- 
leap of ahorse. 

CABRIOLER, ca-brl-6-lil, v. n. 
V. 3, to caper, to cut capers. 

CABRIOLET, ca-brl-6-I5, s. m. 
cabriolet, a single horse chaise. 

— ^ pompe, curricle. 
CABRIOLEUR, ca-bri-6-l§ur, s. 

m. caperer, one who cuts capers. 
CABRION, s. m. (mar.) wedge put 

under the train of a gun-carriage. 
CABRON, ka-bron, s. m. a kid's 

CABROUET, s. m. a sort of cart 

(used in the West Indies). 
CABROU^TIER, s. m. carter. 
*CABUJA, .«. m. (plant) cabuia. 
CABUL ou Cabopl, s. m. Caubul. 
■►CABURE, Caboure, s. m. (bird 

of Brazil) cabure. 
CABUS, ka-bft, adj. (said oiily 

of cabbage) headed. Chou — , 


CACA, ka-ki, s. m. caca, excre- 

CACADE, ka-kid, s. /. evacua- 
tion, (low). 

CACAGOGUE, s. et adj. m. (rned.) 
cacagoga. ' 

"CACALIA, s.f. (plant) cacalia. 

*CACALIEES, adj. et s.f.pUbot.) 
a section of senecionidea3. 

*CACAO, lsa-kS,-&, s. m. cocoa or 

*CACAOTETE, s. /. caeaotete, 
lapis corvinus. 

*CACAOTIER, s. m. cacao-tree. 

CACAOYER,, ka-ka-6-yd, «. m. 

CACAOYERE, ka-ka-o-y4r,s./. 
a place planted with caCao-trees. 

*CACASPISTES, adj. et s. 
(rep.) a family of opnidii. 

*CACATOIRE, adj. (med.) a va- 
riety of intermittent fever. 

CACATOIS, quelquefois Cata- 
cois, s. m. (mar.) gallant - mast- 

*CACHALOT, «. m. (whale) ca- 

CACHAN. s. m. Cachan, Cashan. 

CACHAO, s. m, (Asia) Cachao. 

CACHE, kash, s.f. a lurldng- 
hole or hidden comer, a hiding- 
place, (fnm.) 

CACHE,E.part. V. 3. Ressorts 
caches, hidden, secret springs. 
Un esprit cachd, a close character. 

CACHE-CACHE, s. m, (a play) 
hide and seek. V. Cligne-Mo- 

*CACH£CTIQUE,a4;.(med.) ca- 
chectic, consumptive. 
[Cachectique ibllows the noun.] 

*CACHECTIQUES,pZ. (med.) re- 
medies against cachexy. 

CACHE-ENTRfiE, s./. drop (of 
a keyhole. 

CACHEMIRE, s. m. Cashmere. 
Un chale de — , a cashmere shawl. 

CACHE-NEZ, s. m. a comfort 

CACHE-PEIGNE, s. m. the tres- 
ses that cover the comb (in a la- 
dy's hair). 

CACHER, ka-shd, v. a. v. 3, to 
hide, to secrete. — sa marcke, to 
hide, to mask one's manoeuvres, 
to conceal. — sa me, to lead a re- 
tired, a recluse life. — , to hide, 
to abscond. Se — de quelque chose, 
to make a secret of a thing. 

CACHET, ka-sh6, s. m. seal, ie 
— du roi, the king's signet. Let- 
Ire de — , a lettre de cachet. — , 
ticket. Cinquante francs pour 
douse — s, fifty franks for twelve 
tickets, twelve lessons. Courir 
le — , (fam:), to give private les- 
sons in town. — , (.jig.) stamp. 
Le — de Vipeque, the stamp of 
the period. 

CACHETE, E, part. v. 76, sealed. 

CACHETER, kash-ta, f.a.v.76, 
to seal,- to seal up. Vire & — , 
sealing-wax. Pain & — , wafer. 

CACHETTE, ka-shjt, s. /. a lit- 
tle hiding-place, a hiding-place. 

EN Cachette, loc. adv. secretly, 
by stealth. 

*CACHEXIE, ka-A-Ak-sl, s.f 
(;med.) cachexy. 

CACHICAME. Y. Armadille 

CACHIMBO, s. m. an Indian to 

♦CACHIMENTIER, s. m. guana 
banus, annona, custard-appla 


b4r, bat. base, antique; thire, 4bb, ov^r, j^une, mSute, bfeurre, Mn: 

CACHONDE, s. m. (Chinese 
paste) cachuncle. 

{mam.) cachorro domato, taiibi. 

*CACHOS, s. m. a plant of Peru. 

CACHOT, ka-sh&, s. m. a dun- 

CACHOTTERIE, ka-sh6t-ri, s.f. 
a whispering of mysterious no- 
things, whispering, mystery. 

CACHOTTES, s. /. pi. tobacco- 
pipes with or without a heel. 

CACHOU, s. m. catechu, cashoo. 
V. AR:6atJiEK. 

CACIQUE, s. m. cazic or cazique. 

CACIS. V. Cassis. 

CACIZ, s.m. a Mahometan doctoi-. 

*CACOALEXITfiR£, adj. (med.) 
remedy against infections, viti- 
ated humours. 

*CACOCHOLIE, s. /. (med.) dis- 
ease arising from vitiated bile. 

*CACOCHONDRITES, adj. el a. (rep.) a family of ophidii. 

♦CACOCHYLIE, s.f. (med.) caco- 

imed.) cacochymic, cacochymi- 
cal, having the humours corrupt- 
ed, (,fig.) peevish. 
[Cacochyme follows the noun.] 

♦CTACOCHYIVIIE, ka-k6-shl-ml, 
s.f. (med.) cacochymy. 

*CACOCNEME, adj. (med.) one 
with bad legs. 

CACODfiMON, s. m. cacodseraon. 

*CACOETHE, adj. (med.) cacoe- 
thes, malignant. 

•CACOGALACTIE, s. f. (med.) 
vitiated condition of the milk. 

*CACOGENESE, s. /. (med.) or- 
ganic deviations viewed gene- 

CACOGRAPHIE, s/.cacography. 

CACOLIN, s. m. Mexican quail. 

CACOLOGIE, s.f. cacology. 

*CACOMORPHIE, s. /. (anat.) 

*CAC0M0RPHIQUE,a(i7. (anal.) 
connected with malformation. 

*CACONYCHIE, s.f. (med.) mor- 
bid condition of the nails. 

*CACOPATHIE, s.f. (.med.) pain- 
ful affection of the mind. 

CACOPHONIE, ka-k6-f5-nl, s.f. 
cacophony ; harshness of sound, 

*CACOPHONIQUE, adj. (med.) 

et s. (rep.) a fam. of ophidii. 

*CACOPRAGIE, s. /. (med.) de- 
praved slate of the organs of nu- 

*CACORACHITE, s. /. (med.) 
disease of the spine. 

*CACORHYTH!mE, adj. (med.) 

*CACOSIS, s. /. (med.) depraved 
condition of tiie body, etc. 

*CACOSITIE, s. /. (med.) disgust 
for food. 

CACOSITIQUE, adj. (med.) hav- 
ing a disgust for food. 

•CACOSPERlVriE, s. /. (med.) se- 
minis (raasc.) conditio prava. 

'CACOSPHYXIE, s.f(med.)bai 
condition of the pulse. 

(med.) depraved condition of the 
digestive organs. 

*CACOTHYMIE, s.f. (med.)gieal 
depression of spirits, 

*CACOTKICH(E, s.J. (med.) mor- 
bid condition of the hair. 

*CACOTROPHIE, s.f. (med.) ca- 

CACOZELE, s. m. eacozelia, mis- 

g aided zeal. 
ACREL BLANC, «. m. (ich.) 
*CACT£, E, adj. resembling a 

*CACTEES, adj. et s. f. pi. (hot) 
a family of plants. 
*CACTES, Cactiers, Cacti- 
FLORES, s. m. pi. et adj. syaoriY- 
mous with Cacties. 

*CACTIER, s. m. (bot.) cactus. 
*CACTIFORME, adj. (zoo.) a 
spongia so called. 

*CACTONITE, s. /. (cornelian) 

♦CACTOIDES, adj. et s. J. pi. 
synonymous with Catties. 

CADASTRAL, E, adj. connected 
with, the register of lands. 

CADASTRE, ka-dastr, s. m. ter- 
rier, or register of lands. 

CADAVfeREUX, SE, ka-di-va- 
r4u, reuz, adj. cadaverous. 
[Cadavereux follows the noun 

in prose.] 

*CADAVERIN, adj. (ent.) living 
on carcases. 

CADAVfiRIQUE, adj. m. et f. 
(anat.) Autopsie, ouveriure — , in- 
spection, opening of a body; post, 
mortem examination. 

CADAVRE, ka-davr, s.m. corpse, 
dead body. C'eslun — ambulani, 
(fig. et fam.) he is a walking 

*CADE, s. m. cada, berry-bearing 

CADEAU, X, ka-d6, s. m. a pre- 
sent. Cadeah, a flourish in writ- 
ing. Cadeau, entertainment. 
(Obsol. in the last acceptation.) 

CADELER, ». a. v. 73, to make 

CADENAS, kad-nS,, s.m. padlock. 

CADENASSER, kad-na-sa, v. a. 
V. 3, to padlock. 

CADENCE, ka-dans, s.f. time 
(in dancing). Sortir de — , to 
dance out of time. Cadence, 
cadence, quivering, trill, shake. 

CADENCE, E, part, de Cadencer; 
V. 78, cadenced, numbered, har- 

CADENCER, ka-dan-sa, v. a. v. 
78, to give a cadence, to harmo- 
nize (one's periods.) 

CADENE, ka-d4n, s. f. a chain 
for galley-slaves. (Obsol.) 

CADENETTE, kid.nftt, s.f. cue. 
Ckeveux en — s, plaited hair. 

CADET, TE, ka-dS, dot, adj. 
subst. cadet, a younger son or 
brother, a younger daughter or 
sister ; minor, puisne: Cadet, a 
cadet or volunteer in the army. 

CADETTE, s. /. a paving stone. 
Cadette, a long billiard cue. 

CADETTER, v. a. v. 3, to pave 
with hewn stone, 

CADI, s m. (Turkish officer) cadi, 

CADILESKER, s. m. (Turlush 
officer) cadilescher, cadi-lesker, 

CADIS, ka-dl, .i. m. caddis. 

CADITES, s. f pi. cadiles, (ver- 
tebrae of the star fish.) 

CADIX, (Spain) Cadiz. 

CADMIE, J'ossile ou naiurelle. s. 
f. calamine, calaminar stone, 
calamite, calamy; (chim.) cadmia. 

*CADMIFERE, adj. (min.) con- 
taining cadmium. 

*CADMIQUE, adj. (min.) relating 
to cadmium. 

*CADMIUM, s m.(min.) cadmium. 

CADOLE, ka-d61, s. /. latch, a 
little bolt. 

CADRAN, ka-dran, s. m. dial. 
Vn — solaire, a sun dial. 

CADRAT, s. m. (in printing) a 

CADRATIN, s. m. (in printing) an 
JW quadrat, demi-Cadkati.v, an 

CADRATURE, s.f. movement 
(of a clock, etc.) 

CADRATURIER, .?. m. a maker 
of repeating movements. 

CADRE, kadr, s. m. frame (for a 

gicture.etc). Cadre, (OTar.)frame, 
ed-frame. Cent hommes sur les 
— s, one hundred sick. Cadrbi, 
(^.) conception, outline. Cadre, 
(mil.) officers and non-commis- 
sioned officers of the line, staff 
of a regiment. 

CADRER, ka-dra, v. n. v. 3, to 
quadrate, to agree, to square, ta 
tally. (It refers only to things.) 

CADUCEATEUR, s. m. (Roman 
officer) caduceator. 

CADUCEE, ka-d&-sa, s. m. eadu- 
ceus,caduceum,Mercury's wand. 
*E lui fait porter le — , he makes 
him his Mercury or pimp. Cadu- 
CEE, the tipstaff of the king at 
arms and heralds. 

CADUCITE, ca-dil-ci-ta, s. / 
craziness; decayed, crazy state. 
ia — d'un legs (jur.), V. Cadug. 

CADU-C, QUE, ka-diik, adj. de- 
crepit, frail ; decayed, crazy, de- 
ciduous. Legs — (jur.) a legacy 
that lapses for want of a claimant 
(escheat), or that cannot be paid 
for want of effects, etc, Voix — 
que, an honorary member, ie 
mal — , falling sickness, epilepsy 
[Caduc follows the noun : ta ca 

duque vieillesse might be said. See 


m. pi. (rep.) a fam. of amphibia. 

*CADUCIFLORE, adj. (bot.) plant 
whose corolla soon falls. 

*C.'VDUQUE, (membrane) (anaC 
membrana decidua. 

*CjECAL, adj. (anat.) belonging 
to the cKcum. V. C(ecale. 

*CjECUM, ». m. (anat.) blind gut 

CAEN, s. m. (France) Caen. 

*CiENOTHALAMES, adj. et * 
m. pi. (bot.) a division of lichens 

*C7ESALPIN£ES, Cjesalpi 
niees, adj. et s.f. pi. (bot.) a tribe 
of leguminosie. 








tiibe, r6b, 16rd, 

m()od, h5od, 




but, brun. 

*CjESICOLLE,a<f;".with the neck 


CAFARD, E, s.hypocrite.— (^"0 

hypocritical. Damas — , cai^rt 

[Cafard generally follows the 


CAFARDAGE, s. m. hypocritical 

CAFARDERIE, s./. hypocrisy. 

CAFARDISE, s./. a piece of hy- 
pocrisy. (Little used.) 

CAFE, ka-fa, .•!. m. coffee-berries, 
coffee. — marini, ai!an^,(lamaged 
coffee. — , coffee-house. — , cof- 

*CAF£ ATE, s. m. (chim.) caffeate. 

fa-y4r, s.f. coffee plantation. 

♦CAFfilNE, Caffeine, Cafiene, 
CoFFEiNE, s.f. (chim.) caffeine. 

*CAF£IQUE, adj. (.chim.) caffeic 

CAFETIER, kaf-tia, s.f. coffee- 
house keeper. 

CAFETIERE, kaf-ti4r, s. /. cof- 

CAFFRE, kafr, s. m. el f. Caffer. 

CAFFRERIE, s. f. Caffraria. 

*CAFIER, kSt-fid, s. m. coffee- 
tree. (Sometimes written cafeier, 
and cafeyer.) 

CAFTAN ou Cafetan, a. m. 
(Turkish robe) caffan. 

CAGAREL, s. m. V. Mendole. 

CAGE, kaz, s.f. cage. — a drisse^ 
(Tnar.) a round frame without a 
top. — a poukts, hen-coop. — , 
clock frame. — , cage of a wind- 
mill, cage of a staircase. — , the 
four walls of a house, the shell. 

CAG6e, s./. cage-full. 

CAGIER, s. m. bird-fancier. 

CAGNARD, E, ka-gnar, gnard, 
adj. subst. lazy, slothful, idle. 
C'est un — , he is a fellow of no 
pluck, (pop.) 
[Cagnard after the noun.] 

CaGNARDER, ka-gnar-dd, v. 
n. V. 3, to live or lead a lazy or 
idle life. 

CAGNARDISE, ka-gnar-diz, ». 
/. laziness, slothfulness, idleness. 

CAGNEU-X, SE, ca-gnSu,gn^uz, 

adj. knock-kneed, bandy-legged. 

[CagneMx always follows the 


•CAGNOT-BLEU, n. m. galeus, 
blue shark. 

CAGOT, E, ka-g5, g6t, adj. subst. 
bigot, hypocritical; a hypocrite. 
[Cagoi. follows the noun.] 

CAGOTERIE, ka-g6t-rl, s.f. af- 
fected devotion, hypocrisy, bi- 

CAGOnSME, s. m. bigotry. 

CAGOU, ka-g6o, s. m. a misan- 
thrope. (Obs.) 

CA(X)UILLE, «./. volute. 

CAGUE, s.f. a Dutch sloop. 

*CAGUI, s. m. (monkey of Brazil) 

CAHIER, s.m. quire, etc. — hlanc, 
a blank copy-book. — demusique, 
a music-book (in sheets.) — s de 
pJiilosophiei etc., & course of phi- 
losophy ,et(5., written and dictated 
by the professor to the students ; 

written lectures. — s des itats, 

the resolutions or determinations 

of the states, (not in use.) — des 

charges, a schedule of the condi- 
tions on which any public work 

is to be contracted for. — de 

frais, bill of costs. (Obs.) 
CAHIN-CAHA, ka-in-ka-i, ado. 

so so, lamely, poorly. (Fam.) 
CAHOT, ka-&, s. m. jolt. Nous 

avons trouvi bierfdes — s, we met 

with many a rough roaxl. 

CAHOTAGE, ka-6-taz, a. m. 


CAHOTANT, E, adj. rough, 


CAHOTER, ka-Jtd, ». a, v. 3, et 
n. to jolt. 

CAHUITAHU, s. m. (bird of Bra- 
zil) cahuitahu. 

CAHUTE, ka-ut, s. /. hut, crib, 

CAIE ou CAIQUE, s. m. a yawl, 
a long-boat; a ketch; a reef. 

CAIENNE, s. f. Cayenne. — , 
(mar.) an old ship or hulk for 
lodging sailors. 

CAIER, ka-ya, s. m. V. Caiiier. 

CAJEU, X, ka-y4u, ». m. sucker, 
off-shoot. *CAiEO, (shell,) pinna 
marina, muscle. 

*CAILLE, kaZ, s. /. quail. — 
aquatiquc. V. Acolin. — debt 
Chine. V. Fraise. 

CAILLIS, kk-la., s. m. curdled 
milk, curds. 

*CAILLt:, a*', curdled. 

CAILLEBOT, kaZ-bo, s. m. way- 

CAlLLEBOTTfe, E, adj. curdled. 

CAILLEBOTIS, s. m. (mar.) grat- 
ings of the hatches. 

CAILLEBOTTE, kaZ-bit, s. f. 
curds (of milk.) 

SE CAILLEBOTTER, ». ,. v. 3, 
to curdle. (Rare.) 

CAILLE-LAIT, s.m. (plant.) 
lady's bed-straw, cheese-rennet, 

CTAILLEMENT, kaZ-man, s. m. 
curdling, coagulating. (Little 

CAILLER, ki-li, v. a. v. 3, to 
curdle, to clot, to turn to curds. 

SE Cailler, v. r. v. 3, to coagulate, 
to turn to curds or clots. 

CAILLETAGE, s. m. gossipping, 
idle talk. 

CAILLETEAU, X, khl-th, s. m. 
a young quail. 

CAJLLETOT, kS.Z-t&, ». m. young 

CAILLETTE, k4-ZJt, s. /. the 
rennetbag, the stomach of a calf, 
lamb, etc. — , gossip, a silly gos- 
sipping man or woman. *Fou 
comme cailleUe, as mad as a 
March hare. (Exlr.fam.) 

*CAILLI, s. m. water-cress or 


CAILLOT, ki-Z&, s. m. a clot of 
blood, a lump of clotted blood, 

CAILLOTIS, ». m. kelp. 

CAILLOT-ROSAT, s.m. the rose- 
water pear. 

CAILLOU, X, ki-Z6o, s. m. flint, 
flin^stone, pebble. — d'Alen^on, 
rock crystal of Alen9on. —de 

Bristol, Bristol stone. — de Mi- 
doc, white transparent pebble. — ■ 
de Rennes, a stone resemlsling 
jasper. — du tlhin, fragments 
of quMiz found in the Rhine. — • 
d'ligypte, Egyptian jasper. 
CAILLOUTAGE, ka-(6o-taz, s. 
m. a sort of rock-work ; flints. 
CAILLOUTER, kk-Zfio-ti, v. a. 
V. 3, to gravel, to cover with 

CAILLOUTEUR, s. m. a gunflinl 

CAILLOUTIS, s. m. gravel for re- 
pairing roads. 
CAILLOUTEU-X, SE, adj. peb- 
bly, gravelly. 
pi. transparent pebbles, pebble- 

CAXMACAN, s. m. (Turkish offi- 
cer) caimacan. 
CAlMACANI, «. m. (cloth) cai- 

*CAf MAN, s. m. caiman, jacare, 

CAIMAND, E, plutot QdiSman- 
UEUR, Jth-min, man-d£ur, s. m. 
et f. mumper, a lazy beggar, 
truant, hedge-creeper. (Obs.) 
CAIMANDER, vlutot Queman- 
DER, &£-man-da, v. n. v. 3, to 
beg, to go a mumping. (Obs.) 
CAIMANDEU-R,SE, pZit«3« Que- 
MANDEUR, /:£-man-deur, diuz. 
V. Caimand. 
'CAIMANS, s. m. pi. (rep.) a fam. 

of emydosauri. 
*CAINCAT£, 8. IB. (clam.) cain- 

*CAINCIQUE, adj. (chim.) acid 
found in the root of the chiococca 

CAIQUE, ka-ik, s. m. V. CaIc. 

CAIRE, LE, l^-i4r, ou le Grand 
Caire, s. m. (Egypt) Cairo, Grand 

C AISSE, ifes, s.f. case, box, chest, 
trunk. *Caisse, (cldr.) — a am- 
putation, amputation-chest. — 
mililaire, military chest. Les — s 
de I'&lat, the coffers of the state. 
— , cash-room, counting-house. 
— , cash. jSa — est de sir. mille 
francs, he has six thousand francs 
in cash. Livre de • — , cash-book. 
— des pensions, pension fund. — 
d^amoriissement, sinking fund. — 
d'ipargne, savings bank. — d'es- 
compte, discounting bank. — , 
cylinder of a drum ; a drum. — 
rouluTiie, great drum. — catop- 
irique, catoptrical cistula. * — du 
tambour, (anat.) cavitas,lympani, 
drum of the ear. — Jlottante, a 
mooring-buoy. — , body of a 
coach. — s de dipot, (in paper- 
making,) mellowmg-boxes. — , 
(cui.) paper-case. 

CAISSETIN, s, m. small deal-box. 

CAISSIER, kk-sii, s. m. cash- 
keeper, cashier. 

CAISSON, kh-aon, s. m. covered 
waggon, caisson. — ,(mar.) locker. 
— s de la grande chambre, lockers 
of the great cabin, or ward-room. 
— , (arch.) caisson, coffer-dam. — , 
(arcA.) compartments or recesses 



bar, bat, base, antique 

thfere, Sbb, ov^r, j^une, mSute, bfeurre, li^n: 

with mouldings, serving as deco- 
rations to ceilings, etc. — a 
pcmdre on — a gargousses, cart- 

"CAITAIA, s. m. (monkey of Bra- 
zil) caiiaia. 

CAITHNESS, s. m. Caithness. 


Caieput, KAJEruT, s. m. {plant), 

CAJOLABLE, adj. easy to be ca- 
joled ; deserving to be cajoled. 

CAJOLER, ka-25-la, v. n. v. 3, 
to cajole, to coax, to wheedle. — , 
to cajole, etc. 11 cajole sa file, 
he is cajoling, coaxing her daugh- 
ter. (^Fam. in both senses.) — 
la marde, t,vmr.) to drive with the 
tide ; to tide it up. . 

CAJOLERIE, ka-261-rl, s. /. ca- 
jolery, coax,ng, wheedling. 

CAJOLEU-R, SE, ka-zS-16ur, 
leuz, s. m. el f. cajoler, coaxer, 

CAJOTTES, s. /. ;;/. tobacco- 
pipes without heels. 

CAJUTE, ca-ziit, s./. cabin, bed- 
place, hammock. 

CAKETA, s. m. (river of S. Ame- 
rica,) Caketa. 

*CAKILE, s. m. cakile. V. Cen- 


'CAKILINEES, adj. el s. f. pi. 

(J)ot.) a tribe of cruciferae. 
CAL, kal, s. m. callosity. — , (fhir.) 

callus. (Calus in French, and 

callus in English, may be used 

in both senses.) 
*CALABA, s. m. (tree of India,) 

CALABRE, s.f. (Italy,) Calabria. 
CALADE, s.f. (man.) calade. 
*CALAF, s. m. (plant of Syria,) 

*CALAGUALA, s. m. (plant of 

Peru,) calaguala. 
CALAIS, s. m. (France,) Calais. 

Le Pas de — , the Straitsof Dover. 
C ALAISON, s.f. depth (of a ship.) 
*C ALALOU, s. m. Syrian mallow. 

s.f. pi. {bol.) a tribe of graminese. 
'CALAMARIEES, adj. et ». /. 

gl. (bot.) a fatnily of plants. 
ALAMBRA ou Calambac, Ca- 
i,ampart,Calambouii, s.m.(6o(.) 
calamba, agallochum. 

*CALAMEES!, adj. et ^. /. pi. 
(6o(.) a tribe of palmae. 

"CALAMENT, s. m. calamint. 

*CALAMIDES, adj. el. s. m. pi 
(zoo.) a family of polypi. 

*CALAMIFORME, adj. (,n. 7i.) 

CALAMINAIRE, adj. V. Cala- 

♦CALAMINE, si /. calamine or 
lapis calaminaris, calamy, cala- 
minar stone. 

CALAMISTRER, ka-la-rais-tr^, 
7). a. V. 3, to calamistrate ; to 
curl, to frizzle. (Both Fr. and 
£ng. are obs.) 

CALAMITE, s. f. dry storax. — , 
loadstone, magnet, magnetic nee- 

CALAMITfi, ka-la-ml-ta, s. /. 

CALAIWITEU-X, SE, ka-la-mi- 
t^u, tduz, adj. calamitous. (Ap- 
plied to things only.) 
[Calamiteux generally follows 

the noun.] 

*CALAMOPHYLLES, adj. et s. 
m. pi. (bot.) a section of junci. 

♦CALAiVIULE, s./.long, liliform, 
fistulous processes. 


s. m. calamus • odoratus, sweet- 
scented flag. — , (ajiat.) calamus 

CALANDRAGE, s. m. calander- 
ing, hot-pressing. 

*CALANDRE, ka-landr, s. /. 
weevil, sort of worm. — , calen- 
der, mangle. — , calandra or cha- 
landra ; a lark. 

*CALANDREIDES, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (ent.) a group of curculionides. 

CALANDRER, ka-lan-dra, v. a. 
V. 3, to calender, to mangle. 

CALANDREUR, s. m. calen- 

CALANGUE, s. f. (mar.) cove, 
small harbour. 

*CALAO, s. m. (om.) hydrocorax. 

*CALASIE, s.f. (med.) chalasis. 

*CALASTIQUE. adj. ct s. m. 
(med.) chalastic. 

*CALATHIDE, s.f. (bot.) com- 
pound flower. 

*CALATHIDIFLORE, adj. (bot.) 
with compound flowers. 

*CALATHIFERE, adj. (bot.) 
bearing compound flowers. 

*CALATHIFORME, adj. (bot.) 

*CALATHIPHORE, s. m. (bot.) 
that which bears compound flo w- 

CALATRAVA, s. m. Calatrava. 

CALBAS, s. m. V. Calebas. 

*CALCAIRE, kaU6r, adj. cal- 

»CALCAMAR, s. m. (bird of Bra- 
zil,) calcamar. 

GIEN, Calcanko-sous-phalan- 


GETTIEN, adj. (anat.) term applied 

to muscles of the foot. 
*CALCANEUM, s.m. (anat.) cal- 

caneum, calcar, calcis os, heel 

CALCANTHUM. V. Chalcan- 




CALOARiio-siLiciEtrx, odj. (min.) 

containing lime and oxide of 

iron, magnesia, etc. 

(geol.) a group of sedimentary 


(geol.) calcareous formations 

with trap. 

*CALCAREU-X, SE, adj. calca- 
reous, containing lime. 
*CALCARIFERE, adj. (n. h.) 

"CALCEDOINE, ,,. /. (min.) cal- 

*CALCfiDOINEU-X, SE, et Cal- 


adj. calcedonious. 

*CALCEOLES, adj. et s. m. pL 
(mol.) a family of rudista. 

*CALC£IF0R1VIE, CalcSou- 
FOBME,(a(^'. hot. ent.) shoe-shaped. 

CALCET, s. m.. cheek or bound 
of a mast in a galley. Mature 
a — , masts which carry lateen 




co-STRONTiQUE, adj.(chim^ dou- 
ble salts composed of a salt of 
lime with one of ammonia, sA- 
ver, baryta, etc. etc. 
*CALCIDES, adj. et s. genus 
whose type is calcium. 
*CALCIFERE, adj. (min.) con- 
taining lime. 
*CALCIFERES, adj. et s. m. pi 
(zoo.) polypi so called. 

*CALCIFIE, adj. term applied to 
light and friable fossil bones. 

*CALCIGENE, (bot.) growing on 

*CALCINABLE, adj. calcinable. 

CALCINATION, kal-si-na-sion, 
s.f. calcination, calcining. 

CALCINER, kal-si-na, v. a. v. 3, 
to calcinate, to calcine. 

SE Calciner, v. t. v. 3, to calcine, 
to become a calx, to be calcined. 

TERRES Cax-ciniSes, burnt land. 

*CALCIPHYT£S, adj. el s. 
(zoo.) a class of pscudozoa. 

*CALCIQUE, adj. relat. to lime. 

*CALCIQUES, adj. et s. m. pi 
(geol.) a group of formations 
whose base is calcareous rocks. 

CALCIS, s. m. (oi-n.) night-hawk, 

CALCITE. y. Chalcite. 

*CALCITRAPEES, adj. et s. f. 
pi. (bot.) a group of synanthereaj. 

*CALCIUM, s. m. (chim.) calciuiiu 

*CALCOiDIEN, adj. (anat.) the 
cuneiform bones of the tarsus. 

CALCUL, kal-ftul, s. m. calcula- 
tion, computation, reckoning, 
counting, estimate, calculus. 11 
apprend le — , he learns cipher- 
ing, arithmetic. * — , (med.) calcu- 
lus, the stone in the reins or the 
bladder. — , (bezoar,) calculus. 

CALCULABLE, kal-*fi-la b\,adj. 
[Calculable follows the noun.] 

CALCULANT, E, adj. calcu- 

CALCULATEUR, kal-iji-lj- 
teur, s. m. calculator. — , (ad- 
jectively et fig.) calculating. 

CALCULATOIRE, adj. calcu- 

CALCULER, kal-/£&-la, v. a. v. 
3, to calculate. 

CALCULEU-X, SE, adj. et .-,. 
(med.) calculous. 

*CALCULIFRAGE, adj. (med.) 
syn. with Lithontriptiqae. 

CALCUTTA, (India,) Calcutta. 

*CALDfiRON, s. m. (ich.) caldero- 

CALE, kal, s. /. (mar.) cove, 
creek. (Cole in this sense is ob- 
solete ; crique is the word now in 
use.) — , (mar.) the hold. La—i 








r6b, Ifird, 

m6o4, hfiod, v&s, 



bit, brun. 

2'eau, the fore-bold. — de con- 
itriicdon, stocks, launch. — dc 
magasin, d'mi quau, slip. — , 
(mar.) ducking, keel-hauling. — 
sicjw, a dry ducking. — , a wedge, 
a prop. — , a woollen cap worn by 
country-women, a flat cap or 
bonnet worn by workmen. (Sel- 
dom used in this sense.) 

(mccr.) — rfes voiles d'dtai, down- 

CALEBASSE, kal-bas, s.f. cala- 
bash, gourd, — de terre, (plant,) 
colocynthis oblonga. 

'CALEBASSIER, kal-ba-sia, s. 
m. calabash-tree, crescentia. 

CALEBOTIN, s. m. (t. of a shoe- 
maker,) the crown of an old hat. 

CALECHE, ka-Ush, s, /. (car- 
mge,) calash. — , calash. (Old 
in the latter sense.) 

C ALECON,kal-son, s.m. drawers. 

CALEQONNIER, s. m. tailor. 

*CALEES, adj. et s. /. pi (bot.) a 
section of senecionidese. 

♦CALEIDOPHONE, s. m. (pjiys.) 
an optical and acoustic instru- 

*CAL£INEES, adj. et s. /. pi. 
(6oi.) a group of helianthese. 

D[;l£K.<;, adj. et s. /. pi. (6o(.) a 
tribe of synanthera. 

'CALENDULINE, s. f. (,chim.) 
substance found in the flowers of 
the calendula officinalis. 

CALEFACTEUR, s. m. a. cook- 
ing apparatus. 

sion, s.f. calefaction, heating. 

CALEHAUBAN. V. Calhadban. 

CALEMARE. K Calmar. 

CALEMBOUR, ka-lan-b&or, s. 
m. pun. 

CALEMBOURISTE, s. m. a pun- 

CALEMBREDAINE, s. f. fib, 

fetch, quibble, {/am.) 
CALENBERG, s. m. Calenberg. 
C ALENCAR, ». m. printed calico. 
CALENDER, s.m. (k. of dervise,) 

CALENDES, ka-land, s. f. pi 
(Roman,) calends. — , a convoca- 
tion of country parsons. 

CALENDRIER, ka-lan-dria, s. 
■m. calendar, almanac, Nouveau 
— Ott — 0rigorien, the new or 
Gregonan calendar (new style.) 

CALENTURE, ka-lan-tilr, s. f. 
{med.) calenture. 

C ALEPIN, s. m. vocabulary, note- 
book, scrap-book. 

CALER, ka-la, o. a. v. 3, (rnar.) 
to lower, to strike. — les voiles, 
to strike sail. Cale tout, let go 
amain or at once ! — , — hi voile, 
to submit, to yield, to buckle to. 
— les pieds d'une table, to support 
or level the feet of a table, to 
wedge up. 

Calek, v. n. V. 3, to have more or 
less draught, to sink, 

•CAL6sIAM, s. ro. (tree of Ma- 
labar,) calesiam 

CALFAIT, s. m. (mar ) a calking 

CALF AT. kal-a, s. m. (mar.) a 

CALFATAGE, kal-fa-ta», s. m. 
call^ing. , 

CALFATER, kal-fa-tJ, o. a. v. 
3, (mar.) to calk. 

CALFATIN, s. m. calker's help- 
mate or boy. 

CALFEUTRAGE, kal-f4u-traz, 
s. m. the stopping of chinks. 

CALFEUTRER, kal-flu-tra, ii. 
a. v. 3, to stop the chinks of a 
door or window. Se — , to have 
a snug warm room. 

CALIB£. F.Chalibe. 

CALIBRE, ka-llbr, s. m. caliber, 
bore. Le—d'un iou2e{,the caliber 
of a bullet. — , (orci.) caliber. — , 
mould, — (de vaisaeau,) model of 
a ship. — , kind,.8ort, stamp, tem- 
per, etc. of a person; calibre. 

CALIBRER, ka-11-bra, v. a. v. 3, 
(artil.) to dispart a piece of ord- 
nance ; to size a bullet. 

CALICE, k&-lis, s. m. chalice or 
calico, communion cup. 11 est 
dori comme un — , he is bedi- 
zened all over with lace. * — , 
(bot.) calix, empalement, flower- 

*CALICAL, adj. (bot.) adhering 
to the calyx. 

*CALICE, adj. (6o(.) having a 

*CALICI6eS, adj. et s.f. pi (bot.) 
a tribe of lichenes. 

*CALICIFL0RES, adj. et 
(Jiot.) a section of dicotyledonous 

»CALICirORME, adj. (hot.) ealy- 

*CALICINAIRE, adj. (bot.) the 
nectary, when on the calyx. 

(bot.) belonging to the calyx. 

*CALICINIEN, adj. (bot.) possess- 
ing the characters of a calyx. 

*CALICISTE, adj. et s. m. (bot.) 
a botanist who classifies by the 

CALICOT, s. m. calico. 

adj. (bot.) calyculated. 

*CALrCULE, s. m. (bot.) little 

CALICUT, s. m. (India,) Calicut. 
*CALIETTE, ». /. (bot.) calieta, 


CALIF AT, s. m. caliphate. 

CALIFE, s. m. caliph or calif. 

CALIFORNIE, s.f. California. 

f6or-shon, adv. astraddle, with 
legs across any thing. 

Califourchon, s. m. C^est son 
califourchm, it is his hobby. 

*CALIGIDES, adj. et s. m. pi 
(crust.) a family of Crustacea. 

*CALIGO, s.f. (med.) obscurity 
of vision. 

*CALIGULE, s.f. (om.) skin co- 
vering the tarsus. 

CALIN, ki-lin, s.m. a great silly 
fellow, a booby, a do-nothing, a 
lazy-bones, a skulker. 11 fait le 
— , he skullis. — , wheedler. — , 
adj. wheedling. — , calin, (Chi- 
nese compound metal.) 

CALINER, v. 71. to loll, to rest 
SE CALINER, sS-kii-ll-nii, ». r 

V, 3, to be in a lazy, indolent 

posture, to sit or loll at oneV 

ease, (fam.) 
CALINERIE, s./. wheedling, ca. 

CALfORNE, s. /. (mar.) a wind. 

ing-tackle. — • du grand in&t, 

main winding-tackle. 
CALIPHE. V. Calife. 
*CALISAYNE, s. /. (chim.) veg. 

alkali found in the Dark of the 

China calisaya. 
*CALISAYQ"UE, adj. (chim.) salts 

having calisayne for their base. 
*CALLACEES, adj. el ». /. pL 

(bot.) a family of plants. 
CALLAO, s. m. (Peru) Callao. 
CALLA-SUSUNG, s. m. (Asia) 

*CALLlfcES, adj. et s. f. pi (bot.) 

a tribe of callacese. 
CALLEN, s.m. (Ireland) Callen. 
CALLENBERG, «. m. (Austria) 

*CALLEU-X, SE, kal-lAu, l^uz, 

adj. (med.) callous, hard. Corps 

— , (anat.) corpus callosum. 

[Calleiuc always follows the 
*CALLIANINIDES, adj. et s. m. 

pi (zoo.) a family of acalephEC. 
*CALLICHROMES, adj. et s. m. 

pi (orn.) a tribe of passeres. 
*CALLIFERE, adj. (mol.) having 

CALLIGRAPHE, s. m. caligra- 

pher, penman. 
CALLIGRAPHIE, ». /. caligra- 

phy, penmanship. 

LLIMUS, s.m.(min.) callimus. 
*C ALLITRICHE, s. m. calli- 

trichus, green monkey. 
*CALLITRICHfiES, adj. et s. f. 

pi (bot.) a tribe of haloragese. 

f. pi (bot.) a family of plants. 
CALLOSITE, kal-16-zi-t4, .. /. 

CALLOT, kal-lo, s. m. a block of 

*CALLUS, s. m. (bot.) an organ in 

the graminese. 
CALMANDE, kal-raand, s. f. 

CALMANT, s. m. a calmer ,■ an ' 

CALMANT, E, adj. anodyne, 

calming. ^ 

CALMAR, kal-mSiT, s. m. pon- 

case. (Obs.) *Calmak ou Ci-'rnet, 

loligo sepia, ink-fish, cuttle-fish. 
Calmak, (Sweden) Calmat. 
CALME, kalm, adj. calm. 
[Cdhne follows the noun.] 
Calme, s. m. calm, stillness, calm 

ness, tranquillity. V. Tranciuil- 


CALMER, kal-ma, v. a v. 3, to 
calm, etc., to still, to allay, to 
appease, to soothe, to pacify,, to 
assuage. — un litat, to pacify 
a state. 

Calmer, v. n. y. 3, (ma^.^ to luU 






bit, bise, 



6bb, ov^r, jdune 




ss Calmer, v. 3, to become calm, 

etc., to allay, to be composed, to 

abate. V. Apaiser. 
CALMIE, s.f. (mar.) Ml. Vogue 

d la calmie ! away, now the wind 


CALMOUKS, s. Kalmucks. 
•CAtOCftPHALE, adj.(,bot.) 

term applied to many synan- 

m. protochloride of mercury. 
l^m-nl-a-t6ur, trls, s. m, et f. 
calumniator, slanderer. 
CALOMNIE,' ka-15m-nl, s. /. 
calumny, slander. 
CALOMNIER, ka-lfim-nia, d. a. 
V. 3, to calumniate. 
Idm-ni-^uz-man, adv. calumni- 
ously, slanderously. 
ICalomnieasejnent may come 
between the auxil. and the verb.] 
CAIX)MNIEU-X, SE, ka-16m- 
nl-Su, ^uz, adj. calumnious, 
[Calomnieitx generally follows 
the noun : ces calomnieuses impu- 
tations might be said.] . . 
CALONNIERE, s.f. (term of la- 
pidary) box. — , a child's play- 
thing. V. CAS'ONNlfeRE. 

*CAhOPE, adj (hot.) having a 

beautiful stem. 
•CALOPHYLLE, adj. (lot.) With 

beautiiiil leaves. 
'CALOPHYLLfiES, adj. et s.f. 

pi. (J)oi.) a tribe of guttiierse. 
*CALOPHYTES, s. m. pi. (bat.) 

a class of plants. 
*CALOPODES, s. m. (lot.) spathe 

of the aroideie. 
•GALOPS, d^. (n. h.y having a 

beautiful eye. 
*CALOPTERE, adj. (ent.) with 

beautiful wings. 
«CALORICITfi, s. /. caloricity, 

the faculty of developing heat. 
CALORIFERE, s. m. a - large 

CALORIFICATION, s.f. the act 

of producing heat, calorification. 
•CALDRIFIQUE, adj. calorific, 

producing heat. 
•CALORIMETRE, s. m. (phys.) 

•CALORIMilTRIE, s. f. (phys.) 


*CALORIMOTEUR. adj. et s. m. 
^phys.) calorimotor. 
♦CALORINfiSES, s.f. pi (med.) 

diseases in which the animal 

heat is sensibly altered. 
CAIXyr, ka-18, s. m. grotesque 

figure, caricature. — , a Vfedge. 

' — , the crown of a military cap. 

— , walnut. 

CALOTIN, s. m. coxconibi maca- 
roni parson, (little used). 
CALOTINE, s.f. grotesque-work 

or figure, grotesqiles, caricatures, 

(little used). — , larapoonj (obs.) 
CALOTTE, ka-lftt, s.f. calotte, 

cap, coif Le pape a donni la — 

i un Id, the pope has made such 

a one a cardmaL — , (chir.) coif, 

head-piece. — , (anaU) pan. La 
—wiii crone, the, brain-pan. Rigi- 
ment de la~, fbors-cap company, 
(little used). — , (arch.) calotte, 
cup, cap. La — des deux (fig. el 
/am.) the cope, the canopy of 
heaven. — ', low furnace. 

CALOTTIER, s. m. a calotte- 
maker. — , (hot.) walnut-tree. 

CAIX)YEI?S, «. m. pi. (Greek 
monks) Caloyers, Calogeri. 

*CALPE, s.f. (hot.) the urn of the 
musci. " 

CALQUE, kalk, s. m. counter- 
drawing. — , (fg.) copy, imita- 

CALQUER, kal-S4, *. a. v. 3, to 
counterdraw, to trace. — , (jig.) 
to copy, to imitate closely. 

CALQUOIR, s. m. a tracingrpoiiit. 

*CALUMBfe, '«, m. calumbo-root. 

CALUMET, ka-lti-mS, .i. m. ca- 

*CALUS, ki-lfis, s. m. (med.) cal- 
lus. V. Cal. — , hard-hearted- 
ness, obduracy. 

CALVADOS, s. m. (Fr.)Calvadok 

CALVAIRE, kal-v4r, s.m. Mount 

CALVANIER, s.m. day-labourer. 

CALVI, ». m. (Italy) Calvi. 

C A LV I LLE, kal-vil, s. m. cal- 
ville (apple). 

CALVINIEN, NE, adj. Calvin- 

CALVINISME, kal-vl-nism, :,. 
VI. Calvinism. 

CALVINISTE, kil-vi-nist, s. m. 
et f. Calvinist. 

*CALVITIE, kal-vl-sl, «. m. 
(med.) baldness. 

*CALYBION, s. m. (bot.) kind of 

♦CALYCANDRIE, s. f. (bot.) a 
class of plants. 

CALYCANTHfeES, adj. et s.f. 
pi. (bot) a family of plants. 

"CALYCANTHEMES, adj. et s. 

f. pi: (bot.) a family and a class 
of plants. 

*CALYCANTHINEES, adj. et s. 

f. pi. (boi.) a class of plants. 

'CALYCE. KCalice. 

*CALYCER£ES, adj. et s. f. pi 
(bot.) a family of planlS. 

*CALYCIE, s./. (bat.) a thalamus 
stipitate and bowl-shaped. 

*CALYCIEES, adj.ets.f.pKbot.) 
a tribe of lichens. 

*CALYCIOf DES, adj. et s. m. pi 
(bot.t a tribe of lichens. 

*CALYCOSTEMONES, adj. ets. (bot.) a class of plants. 

*CALYPTER£ES, adj. et s.f. pi 
(en/,) a lamily of myodarife. 

*CALYPTERES, 5. m. pi (orn.) 
covert^ of tails of, birds. 

*C AL YPTRACIENS, adi. et s. m. 
pi. (mol) Si family of mollusca. 

s. m. pi. (mol) an order of mol- 

*CALYPTRE, s.f. (boi.) calyptra, 
cover, lid. 

♦CALYPTRfeACES, adj. et s. m. 
pi. (mol.) a sub-Older of gastero- 

*CALYPTRfi,a(^'. (6o(.) fumisheij 
with a calyptra. 

*CALYPTREES, adj. et s. f. pi. 
(bot.) a name given to the musci 
*CALYPTRIFORME. adj. (boi\ 
resembling a calyptra. 
*CAMACES,a<i/. (mol) 
a family of conchifera ; also of 
mollusca ; also of acephalophora. 
CAMAGNOC. F.Camanioc. 
CAMAIEU-X, ka-ma-y^u, n, m. 
(an onyx) camaieu. 
CAMAIL, pi. Camails, ka-m&Z, 
s. m. hood, capuchin, bishop's 
purple ornament worn over the 
CAMALDULE, «. m. (hermit) 

*CAMANIOC ou Camagnoc. «. 
m. a cassava (not poisonous.) » 
*CAMARA, s. /. (UTiat.) camara, 
camarium, fornix of the brain. 
*CAMARA-CUBA, Camara-ira. 
Camara-tinga, s. f. (plants of 
Brazil) camara-mira, etc. 

CAMARADE, ka-ma-rad, s. m. 
etf. comrade, fellow. 

CAMARADERIE, s. /. compa- 
nionship, intimacy. — , colferie. 

CAMARD, E, ka-mar,mard, adj. 
s. flat-nosed, a flat-nosed man or 
woman. Camarde, a fig. l)ur- 
lesque term for death. La — , 
the grim monster. (Fam.) 

*CAMARIGNE, s.f. (plant,) em- 

CAMAYEU. r. Camaieu. 

'''CAMARE,s./.(6o<.) membranous 

*CAMARIEN, adj. (bot.) resem- 
bling a camare. 

CAMBAGE, s. m. duty or tax upon 
malt-liquor ; ■ also a brewery. 

CAMBISTE, kan-bist, s. m. cam- 
bist. (Obs.) (Replaced by Agent 
de change.) 

*CAMBfUM, s. m. (bot.) cambium, 

. the nutritious juice of vegetables. 

GAMBOGE, s. m. Cambodia. 

CAMBOUIS,kan-bWl,s m. black 
and oily grease of a cart-wheel; 

CAMBRAI, s. m. Cambray. 

CAMBRE, E, part. v. 3 ; bent, 
cambering, arched. Une taille 
cambrie, a handsome, an elegant 

CAMBRER, kan-brsi, v. a. v. 3, 
to bend. — la forms d'un Soulier, 
to give the bend to a last. Se — , 
to cast, to warp. 

CAMBRfiSlS, s. m. Cambresis. 

CAMBRIDGE, s. m. Cambridge. 

CAMBRIDGESfflRE, s.m. (Eng- 
land) Cambridgeshire. 

■"CAMBROUZE, «. m. Guyana 

CAMBRURE, kan-briir, s. m. 
bend, flexure, incurvation. 

CAMBUSE, s.f. (mar.) store-room. 

CAMBUSIER, s. m. store-keeper 

CAME, s.f. a lift, a cam, a cog. 

CAM6E, .1. m. cameo. 

*CAM£l60N, ka-m5-la.on, » 
m, chameleon. — , (ast.) (constel. 
lation). Chameleon, *CAMEtftON 
BLANC, carlina, carline-thistl«. 





field, fig, 


r6be, r6b, Iflrd, mSod, hfiod, 



bfise, bftt, brun. 

NIENS, CamelSonoJdes, ddj. et 

s. m. pi. (rep.) families of sauri. 
"CAMftLfiOPARD, s. m. carae- 

leopard, (flsQ (constellation), the 

"CAMfiLIENS, adj. el s. m. pi. 

section of mammalia, bisulca. 
"CAMELINE, .1. /. (plant) came- 

lina, myagrum, gold of pleasure. 
*CAMEUNEES, adj. ets. f. pi. 

(bot.) a tribe of cruciferae. 
*CAMELLrfiES, adj. et s. f. pi. 

(bot.) a family of plants. 
'^CAMELORNITHES, s. m. pi 

{om.) a family of bii'ds. 
CAMELOT, kam-16, s. m. came- 

lot, camlet. — onid, watered 

CAMELOTTE, ». /. worthless 

merchandise, trash. 
CAMELOTE, E, adj. woven like 

CAMELOTIER, s. m. smuggler, 

a kind of coarse paper. 
CAMELOTINE, s.f. camletine. 
CAMERIER, ka-ma-ria, s. m. 

the chamberlain of the pope or 

of a cardinal. 
CAMERISTE ou CamiSrera, k&- 

ma-rist, »./. maid of honour (in 

♦CAMERrrELES, adj.(finl.) term 
applied to spiders which make 
close webs. 

•CAlSBfeROSTOME, s. m. anterior 
portion of the body of the arach- 

♦CAMERULE, s.f. (hot.) a little 

CAMERIINGAT, ki-mSr-lin- 
ga, s. m. office of camerlingo (at 

CAMERLINGUE, ka-mSr-ling; 
s. m. camerlingo, one of the high- 
est officers of the Roman court. 

*CAMINI, s. m. (plant), cammi, 

CAMIiNIECK. V. KaminiecS. 

CAMION, ka-mion, s. m. inini- 
kin pin, cat's-paw. — , a little 
cart, a truck. 

CAMIONNEUR, ». m. a dray- 
man, a porter. 

CAMISA, s.m. camisa. V. Pagne. 

CAMISADE, ka-mi-zad, s. /. 
(mil.) camisade. (Old.) 

C AMI SARD, s.m. (religionists of 
Cevennes), Camisard. 

CAMISOLE, ka-mi-zfil, i. f. un- 
der-waistcoat. Camisole deforce, 
a strait-waistcoat. 

CAMOIARD, s. m. asort of stuff 

*CAMOMILLE, ka-m6-mll, s.f. 
(plant), camomile. 

CAMOUFLET, ka-m6o-flS, s. m. 
smoky paper held under one's 
nose when asleep ; (fg.) affiant. 

CAMOUSSER, V. n. v. 3, to grow 

CAMP, kan, s. m. camp. Lever 
le — , to decamp; (used almost 
only in these phrases): Deman- 
der le — , to demand the combat. 
Donner le—, to grant the combat. 
Jage da — , judge of the lists. 
Prendre le—, (/am.) to strike 
one's tent, to be off. Marickal 

de — i major-general, (wrongly 
called camp or Jield-marshal). 
Mesire de — , a colonel of horse. 
{Mestre de camp is obsolete.) 

CAMPAGNARD, E.adJ. country. 
[Campagnard generally follows 

the noun.] 

Campagnard, e, clown, 
a hoyden. 

CAMPAGNE,kan-pagn, s./.the 
country. — , seat, estate, country- 
house. — , champai^, plain, a 
flat, open country. Enpleine — , 
in the open fields. Battre la — , 
to scout, to scour the country for 
intelligence, to lose one's self, to 
shuffle, (jmed.) to wander, to rave. 
— , (mil) the field, campaign. 
Piices de — , field-pieces. Mettre 
ses amis en — , to set one's friends 
to work. Se meltre en — , to fly 
into a passion, - Une parole de — , 
an under-hand trick. Une case 
de — , (trictrac) a wrong point. 
— , (mar.) a. voyage at sea, a 
cruise. — de crxt^siere, a cruising 
voyage. — de rode, remaining in 
a harbour. Vivresde — , victuals 
for a voyage. — de Rome (Italy) 
campagna di Roma. 
l^reen campagne, to be* mov- 
ing about, to be away from home, 

speaking' of an individual ;. e/re a 

la campagne, to be in the coun- 

*CAMPAGNOL, a.m. great-head- 
ed field-mouse. 

*CAMPANAC£ESi adj. et s.f. pi. 
(bot.) a femily of plants. 

*CAMPANELLfe,ai?ii. (So(.)pecu- 
liar form of the corolla. 

*CAMPANIFLORE, oiJ/. (bot.) 
having flowers campsBnuIate. 

*CAMPANIFORME, adj. (bot.) 

*C-4MPANIF0RMES, adj. et s.f. 
pi, (bot.) a class of plants. 

*CAMPANIF0RMES, adj. el s. 
m. pi. (zoo.) a family of polypi. 

*CAMPANULACfi, Campand- 
LAIRE, adj. (bot.) campanulate. 

NUL^ES, adj. et s.f. -pi. (ioJ.) a 
family of plants. 

*CAMPANUUFLORE,a(ij. (6oi.) 
having flowers campanulate. 

*CAMPANULINEES, adj. et s. 
f. pi. (bot.) a class of plants. 

CAMPANE, kan-pan, s./. (arch.) 
bell; ornament with frmge and 
tassels. — , fringe, welt, tuft. * — 
jaune, bulbocodium, common 
wild yellow daffodil. 

*CA MPANELLE,s./.bell-fldwer, 

CAMPANILE, s. m. LLE, «. /. 
kan-pa-nll, the upper part of a 

CAMPAWINI, s. m. Carrara 

*CAMPANULE, s.f. campanula, 

. Venus',bell-flower. 

•CAMPANULA, E, adj. (bot.) 

CAMPE, a. kind of corded 

CAMP6, E, part.! une armie 
campie, an army encamped. J^tre 

bien campd, (jig. et fam.) to be 
com&rtably seated. £tre bien 
campi sur sesjambes, to be well 
set on one's legs. 

CAMPECHE, kan-pfesh, ». /. 
(Yucatan) Campeachy. Bois de 
— , Campeachy-wood, log-wood. 

CAMPEMEN'T, kanp-min, s.m. 
encampment, encamping, (obs) 
Matiriel de — , camping appara- 
tus. Effels de — , camping bag- 
gage, (in frequent use). — , camp 

*CAMPEPHAGINS, adj. efs. m. 
pi. (orn.) a group of dentirostres. 

CAMPER, kan-pd, v. n. v. 3, to 
encamp. 21 campe, (fam.) he 
changes his quarters. 

Camper, t>. a. v. 3, to encamp..^ 
Id quehpCun, (jig. et fam.) to 
leave one in the lurch, to give 
one the slip. Se — , to pitch one's 
camp. , 

SE Camper, v. r. v. 3, to set, to 
clap one's self down. Se — , to 
stand well on one's legs. 

CAMPERCHE, s.f. cross-bar. 

CAMPESTRE, s. m. (Rom. anQ 

*CAMPH0GENE, s. m. (dim.) 

*CAMPH0RATE, s. /. (chim) 
campborate, camphorated salt, , 

*CAMPHORIDE,s./.(cam.) sub- 
stances approaching camphor in 
their properties. 

*CAMPHORIME, s. m. (chim.) 
term applied to a class of odori- 
ferous substances. 

*CAMPHORIQUE, adj. (chim.) 
camphorate, camphorated. 

*CAMPHOROiDE, s. m. (chim.) 
synonomous with Stiaroptene. 

*CAMPHRE, kanfr, s. m. cam- 

*CAMPHRE, E, adj. cainphorate. 

*CAMPHREE, s./. (plant) cam- 
phorata Montpeliensis, stinking 

AMPHRIER, s. m. (bot.) cam 

*CAMPICOLE, adj. (n. h.) inha- 

biting the fields. 

CAMPINE, s. m. a fine fat pullet 
CAMPO, s. m. Seville-wool. 
CAMPOS, kan-p&, s.m. play-day, 

holiday, relaxation. 
CAMPOTE, s. m. cottmi-cloth. 
*CAMPSICHROTES, adj. et s.m. 

pi (rep.) an order of reptilia. 
*CAalPULITROPE, adj. (hot.) 

term applied to the embryo, 
*CAMPULOTE, «. /. (a shell) 

*CAMPYLOCELE, adj. (zoo.) t. 

applied to certain infusoria. 
■►CAMPYLOPHITE, s. m. (bot.'' 

plant with corolla inflected. 
*CAMFYLOPODES, adj (hot.) a 

family of musci. 
*CAMPYL0S0MES, adj. et s. m. 

pi. an order of cirri pedes. 

s.f. pi. a section of umbelliferae. 

CAMUS, E, ka-mft, mftz, adj 

subst. flat-nosed. B est bien - , 


bar, bat, base, antique: thJre, Sbb, ov^r, j^une, m^ute, b4urre, li^n. 

Cfe. el fam.) he has had a sad 
Oalk. On Va Ttindu bien — , he 
was soon taken down. 
[Camus after the noun.] 
CAN, s. m. V. Cn.4M. 
CANABIL, s. m. (ined.) canabil. 
CANACOPOLE, s. m. catechist 
(of rndia). 
*CANADE, .t.m. a Canadian bird. 
CANADIEN, NE, s. m. el f. Ca- 
CANAILLE, ki-ni.1, s.f. rabble, 
rifFrafF, mob. — , scum. Ces — s 
de domestiques, these rascally 
servants. — , (said jocularly of 
children) brats. 
CANA-L, UX, ka-nal, n5, s. m. 
pipe, conduit. — , channel, bed 
ipfa river). — .canal. — latdral, 
M lateral drain. — ux d'arrosage, 
trenches for watering. — ux de 
dess^chement, trenches for drain- 
ing, drains. — , strait, channel. 
Faire —, (mar.) to put off to sea, 
to keep the sea. Le canal de la 
verge (anal.) (the urethra) the 
urinaryconduit. Urinerdptein, — 
(fam.) to urine freely. — ihora- 
chique, • thoracic or chyliferous 
duct. — de larmier (arch.) chan- 
nel of a coping. — de volute, chan- 
nel of a volute. Canaux, flut- 
ings. Canal de Vitrave, (mar.) 
concavity in the top of the stem 
wherein the bowsprit rests. — ou 
gorge d'une pouhe, channel of 
a block. — , channel. M est le — 
de toutes les graces, all favours 
come through his channel. 


adj. (n. h.) canaliculate. 

*CANAL1FERES, adj. et s. 
(mol.) a family of mollusca. 

*CANALIFORME, adj. (ent.) fur- 

*CANAMELLE, Cannamelle, 
s.f. (bot.) a genus of plants of the 
reed tribe, and whose principal 
species is the sugar-cane. 

CANAPE, ka-na-pd, s. m. sofa, 
couch, settee, — , (cais.) a canape. 

CANAPSA, s. m. knapsack, (old.) 
— , soldier's boy, camp-boy. 

CANARD, ka-nar, s. m. duck. 
Jeune — en mue, moulter. Crier 
comme un — , to quack.— (iomcs- 
tique ou barloteur, tame duck. — 

— sauvage commun, boschas. — 
sauvage ^)ale, mallard. — a large 
bee, broad-beaked duck. — a. 
mouclie, fly-catching duck. — ij 
duvet ou edredon, St. Cuthbert's 
(or eider) duck. — aux yeux d'or, 
golden-eye duck. — sauvage a bee, 
large shoveller. — crite, morillon, 
gray-headed duck. — colin, gri- 
sard, larus. — a bee itroit, sula. — 
privi,a tame duck, a decoy duck. 

— privi, (ji^.) a decoy, a taker- 
in. — aux petils pais, (cms.) a duck 
with green peas. — , (fire-works) 
water-rocket. — , a water-spaniel, 
a shagged dog. Batiment ca- 
NARn, (mar.) a vessel that dips, 
that pitches. 

C ANARDEAU,».m.a young duck. 

CANARDER, ka-nar-dd, v. a. v. 
3, to shoot at one from a sheltered 
position. (Fam. in this sense.) — , 

( to imitate the cry of the 
duck with the hautboy or clari- 
net. (Fam. in this sense.) — , 
(mar.) to dip, to duck. 
CANARDIER, s. m. a wild-duck 

CANARDIERE, ka-nir-diir, s. 
/. a decoy. — , loop-hole (to shoot 
through). — , a long fowling-piece 
for wrld-ducks, a wild-goose gun. 
— , a duck-yard. 
*CANARI, s. m. canary-bird. 
CANARIES, s. /. pi Canary Is- 
lands. — (la grande), Canaria, 
Grand Canary. — , s.f. (dance,) 
*CANARIN,s.m. canary-sparrow. 
CANARIS, s. m. pi. Indian-jars. 
CAN ASSE, s.m. kanaster tobacco. 
CANASTRE, ka-nastr, s. /. ca- 

CANAUX, V. Canal. 
CANCAME, s.f. (gum-resin) can- 
CANCAN, s. m. Faire un cancan, 
un grand cancan de guelque chose, 
to make a great bustle or racket 
about a thing, about a trifle. — , 
tittle-tattle, scandal. Faire des 
— s, to invent scandalous stories, 
to tittle-tattle. (Very fam. in this 
sense). — , (pop.) pother, upstir, 
noise. V. QuAwauAM. — , the 
cancan, an indecent dance. 
CANCANER, v. n. v. 3, to tattle, 
to invent scandalous stories, to 
dance the cancan. (Pop.) 
CANCANIAS, s. m. striped In- 
dian satin. 

CANCEL, kan-sSl, s.m. chancel. 
(Sancluaire is now used.) 
CANCELLATION, s.f. (jur.)ie- 

CANCELLE,s.m.(crab) cancellus. 

*CANCELLE, adj. (n. h.) cancel- 
lated, decussated. 

CANCELLER, kan.«41-U, v. a. 
V. 3, (jur.) to cancel, to cross a 

*CANCER, fcan-s6r, s. m. (med.) 
cancer. — au sein, a cancer in the 
breast. — , (zodiac) Cancer. — , s. 
/. (crust.) a genus of Crustacea. 

CANCfiREU-X, SE, adj. (med.) 

*CANCERIDE, adj. resembling 
a crab. 

*CANCERIDES, adj. et s. m. pi. 
a family of Crustacea. 

CANCERXLLE, s. m. V. Garou. 

s.mpl. (crusty family of decapoda. 

*CANCRE, kankr, s.m. crab, 
crab-fish. — , araignie de mer, 
spider-crab. — commun,' sea-crab. 
— des Mohiques, king-crab, IMo- 
lucca-crab. Vn — , nn vHain — , 
a hunks, a miserly hunks. Vn 
pauvre — , a pitiful wretch, poor 
wretch. Un — , a slow boy, a 
dunce (school term). 

*CA NCRIFORME, adj. crab- 

*CANCRIFORMES, adj. et s.m. 

pi. (crust.) a family of decapoda; 

— , (200.) a family of polypi. 
*CANCRIVORE, Y. Cancro- 


*CANCRITES,s.OT.j3;. petrified oi 
fossil crabs. 

*CANCROiDE, adj.(n. h.) re. 
sembling a crab. 

*CANCROiDES, adj et s. m. pi. 
(crust.) a family of decapoda 
— , (arach.) a film, of arachnides. 

*CANCROLOGIE. s. f. treatise 
on crabs. 

•CANCROLOGIQUE, adj. rela- 
ting to the Crustacea. 

*CANCROPHAGE, adj. living 
on crabs. 

CANDAHAR, s. m. Candahar. 

CANDELABRE, kan-da-labr,s. 
m. a great branched candlestick, 
a chandelier. 

*CANDELBERY, s. m. candle- 

CANDELETTE, s.f. (mar.) fore- 
tackle. Garanlde — , fore-tackle- 

CANDEUR, kan-d^ur, ». /. can- 

CANDI, adj. m. Sucre candi, sugar- 
candy. — , (sub.) candy. Fruits 

— s, ou simplement — s, candied 


C A N D I D A T, kan-di-da , s. m. 


CANDIDE, kan-did, adj. candid, 

[Candide generally follows the 
noun : un candide aveu might be 
said. See Adjectif.] 

adv. candidly. 
[Candidement but little used; 
after the verb ; between the auxil. 
and the verb.] 

CANDIE, s.f. (island) Candia. 
*CANDIOTE, s.f. (bot.) Prussian 

Pulsatilla. — , s. et adj. (belonging 

to Candia) Candiote. 
CANDIR, kan-dlr, v. n. v. 4, SE 

Candir, v. r. to candy. Faire 

— du Sucre, to candy sugar. 
CANDISATION, s. /. candying 

(of sugar, etc.) 
*CANDOU, s.m. (tree of the Mal- 
dives) candou. 

"CANDOLLEANEES, adj. et s. (bot.) a section of pleurandra. 

*C ANELLE, adj. (n.h.) cinnamon- 

*CANELLINE, s.f (chim.) a pe- 
culiar substance found in cin- 

CANE, kan, s.f. dack—sauvage, 
a wild duck. — privie, a tamo 
duck. Marcher comme une — , 
(fam.) to walk like a duck, to 
waddle. Cel homme a fait la 
— , the fellow showed a white 
feather. (Fam. and almost obs.) 

*CANfiFICE, «. m. (bot.) cassia 

*CAN£FICIER, s. m. cassia, pud- 
ding-pipe tree. 

C A N E L O N S, .1. m ;,i (pastry) 

*CANEPETIERE, s. /. leaser 

CANEPHORES, s.f (gr.antiq.) 
canephora, canephoraa. Cane- 
PHORE, (statue) canephora. 

CANEPIN, kan-pin, s. m. lamb's 
skin (for women's gloves). 


field, fig, vin: ribo, r5b, 16rd, mflod, hfiod, v&s, mon; bise, bftt, brun. 

CANEQUIN, s. m. (cotton cloih) 

CANETER, kan-ta, v. n. v. 76, to 

CANETON, kan-ton, s. m. young 

duck, duckling. 
CANETTE, ka-net, ,<!./. a young 

duck, a duck without legs (in 

heraldry.) — , can (for liquors.) 
CANEVAS, can-va, s.m. canvass, 

sail-cloth. — , sketch, rougli 

draught, groundwork. Faire un 

— snr un air, to make the canvas 

of an air or song. — , canvass, the 

sohciling of votes. 
CANEVASSER, v. a. et n. v. 3, 

to canvass, to solicit votes. 


CANEZOU, s. m. a sort of gown 

without sleeves. 

GANGRENE, s.f. V. Gangrene. 

CANGUE, s. f. a heavy wooden 

collar worn by convicts in Asia, 
a cangue. 

CANIART, «. m. (ora.) larus. 

C A NIC A, s.f. (spice found in 
Cuba) canica. 

CANICHE, s. m. el f. a poodle. 
Vn ckien — , a poodle-dog. 

CANICULAIRE, ka-ni-&ii-14r, 
adj. canicular. Les jours — s, 
the dog-days. 

CANICULE, ka-nl-SM, s. /. the 
dog-star; the canicular or dog- 
days, canicule. Uardenie — , the 
burning Sirins. 

*CANIDE, 3. m. a sort of parrot. 

CANIF, ka-nif, s, m. penknife. 

•CANINANA, s. m. (serpent of 
Brazil) caninana. 

*CANIN, adj. canine. 

CANINE, ka-nin, a^j. canine. 
Faim — , canine appetite, Cyno- 

*CANINGA, >. m. (tree of Cuba), 

*CANINS, adj. el s. a family 
of mammalia. 

*CANIRAM,s.m.(tree of Malabar) 

*CANITIE, «. /. Ijned.) grayness 
of the hair. 

CANIVEAUX, s. m. pi. kennel- 

*CANNABINEES, at?;, el s.f. pi. 
(hot.) a group of urticeae. 

•CANNACfiES, adj. el s. f. pi 
(hot.) a family of plants. 

CANNAGE, s. m. (measuring of 
cloth) alnage 

CANNE, kan, s. /. cane. — de 
Sucre, ou — & Sucre, sUgar-rane. 
— , cane. — apomme d'or, a gold- 
headed cane. — a ipee, a sword 
cane. Jeude — s, a martial game 
of the period of the crusades, 
singlesticks. — , a glassblower's 
pipe, a blowpipe. Canne X f&- 
CHER, fishing-rod. Canne a 
VENT, walking stickair-gun. Can- 
ne A KCRiRE, writing-reed. Can- 
ne-d'Inde, canna, rattan. T.Bal- 



•CANNEBERGE, s. /. whortle- 

•CANNEES, adj. el s. (6o(.) 

a family of plants; also, synony- 
mous with Amomies. 

CANNELAS, kan-la, s. m. can- 
died cinnamon. 

*CANNELE, adj. striated. V. 

CANNELER, kan-Ia, v. a. v. 7.S, 
(.arch.) to flute, to channel„to rifle 
a gun. Une lige camielee, a chan- 
neled or striated stalk. 

*C ANNELfeS, adj. et s. 
(zoo.) a family of echinoderma.